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pletyzmografie celotělová

Measurement of the volume of gas in the lungs, including that which is trapped in poorly communicating air spaces. It is of particular use in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and emphysema. (Segen, Dictionary of Modern Medicine, 1992)
MSH

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makrostomie

Greatly exaggerated width of the mouth, resulting from failure of union of the maxillary and mandibular processes, with extension of the oral orifice toward the ear. The defect may be unilateral or bilateral. (Dorland, 27th ed)
MSH

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gastroenteritida přenosná prasat

A condition of chronic gastroenteritis in adult pigs and fatal gastroenteritis in piglets caused by a CORONAVIRUS.
MSH

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virus hepatitidy delta

A defective virus, containing particles of RNA nucleoprotein in virion-like form, present in patients with acute hepatitis B and chronic hepatitis. It requires the presence of a hepadnavirus for full replication. This is the lone species in the genus Deltavirus.
MSH

single-stranded circular RNA virus of animals; dependent on hepatitis B virus replication for its expression; involved in chronic liver disease.
CSP

A type of hepatitis virus that may be present in the body at the same time as the hepatitis B virus. It makes the hepatitis (inflammation of the liver) caused by hepatitis B much worse. The hepatitis D virus and the hepatitis B virus are spread to others through blood or sexual contact. Infants born to infected mothers may also become infected with the virus.
NCI

A small circular enveloped RNA virus having a negative sense, single-stranded, closed circular RNA genome. It is considered to be a subviral satellite because it requires the assistance of viral particles from hepatitis B virus to replicate and infect other hepatocytes.
NCI

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ocas

The flexible prolongated structure of the posterior part of an animal`s body.
NCI

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arsenikové přípravky

Inorganic or organic compounds that contain arsenic.
MSH

A white, odorless, inorganic substance that contains the semi-metallic element arsenic usually in the 3 and 5-valence state, and emits toxic arsenic fumes when heated to decomposition. Arsenic compounds are primarily used in wood preservation. Exposure to this substance irritates skin and mucous membranes, and can affect the gastrointestinal tract, CNS, cardiovascular system, liver, kidneys and blood. Arsenic compounds are known human carcinogens and are associated with an increased risk of developing lung, skin, bladder, kidney, liver, prostate, digestive tract and colon cancer as well as cancer of the lymphatic and hematopoietic system. (NCI05)
NCI

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pneumolýza

Division of the tissues attaching the lung to the wall of the chest cavity, to permit collapse of the lung. It was formerly used to treat tuberculosis. (Dorland, 28th ed)
MSH

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MALARIA

A protozoan disease caused in humans by four species of the PLASMODIUM genus: PLASMODIUM FALCIPARUM; PLASMODIUM VIVAX; PLASMODIUM OVALE; and PLASMODIUM MALARIAE; and transmitted by the bite of an infected female mosquito of the genus ANOPHELES. Malaria is endemic in parts of Asia, Africa, Central and South America, Oceania, and certain Caribbean islands. It is characterized by extreme exhaustion associated with paroxysms of high FEVER; SWEATING; shaking CHILLS; and ANEMIA. Malaria in ANIMALS is caused by other species of plasmodia.
MSH

protozoan disease caused in humans by four species of the genus Plasmodium (P. falciparum, P. vivax, P. ovale, and P. malariae) and transmitted by the bite of an infected female mosquito of the genus Anopheles; malaria is endemic in parts of Asia, Africa, Central and South America, Oceania, and certain Caribbean islands; characterized by extreme exhaustion associated with paroxysms of high fever, sweating, shaking chills, and anemia; malaria in animals is caused by other species of plasmodia.
CSP

Malaria is a serious disease caused by a parasite. Infected mosquitoes spread it. Malaria is a major cause of death worldwide, but it is almost wiped out in the United States. The disease is mostly a problem in developing countries with warm climates. If you travel to these countries, you are at risk. There are four different types of malaria caused by four related parasites. The most deadly type occurs in Africa south of the Sahara Desert.

Malaria symptoms include chills, flu-like symptoms, fever, vomiting, diarrhea and jaundice. The disease can be life-threatening. However, you can treat malaria with medicines. The type of medicine depends on which kind of malaria you have and where you were infected.

Malaria can be prevented. When traveling to malaria-prone regions

  • See your doctor for medicines that protect you
  • Wear insect repellent with DEET
  • Cover up
  • Sleep under mosquito netting

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention


MEDLINEPLUS

A protozoan infection caused by the genus Plasmodium. There are four species of Plasmodium that can infect humans: Plasmodium falciparum, vivax, ovale, and malariae. It is transmitted to humans by infected mosquitoes. Signs and symptoms include paroxysmal high fever, sweating, chills, and anemia.
NCI

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geny – ztráta

A genetic rearrangement through loss of segments of DNA or RNA, bringing sequences which are normally separated into close proximity. This deletion may be detected using cytogenetic techniques and can also be inferred from the phenotype, indicating a deletion at one specific locus.
MSH

genetic rearrangement through loss of segments of DNA or RNA, bringing sequences which are normally separated into close proximity.
CSP

The loss of all or a part of a gene. There may also be a change in the RNA and protein made from that gene. Certain gene deletions are found in cancer and in other genetic diseases and abnormalities.
NCI

Any deletion mutation that occurs within a gene, including the 5` and 3` untranslated regions of the gene.
NCI

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zubní kámen

Abnormal concretion or calcified deposit that forms around the teeth or dental prostheses.
MSH

Mineralized deposit that forms on the teeth or dental prostheses.
NCI

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kyselina taurocholová

The product of conjugation of cholic acid with taurine. Its sodium salt is the chief ingredient of the bile of carnivorous animals. It acts as a detergent to solubilize fats for absorption and is itself absorbed. It is used as a cholagogue and cholerectic.
MSH

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Arthusova reakce

A dermal inflammatory reaction produced under conditions of antibody excess, when a second injection of antigen produces intravascular antigen-antibody complexes which bind complement, causing cell clumping, endothelial damage, and vascular necrosis.
MSH

development of an inflammatory lesion a few hours after intradermal injection of antigen into a sensitized animal; the lesion results from precipitation of immune complex, which causes complement activation and tissue destruction.
CSP

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pyl

The fertilizing element of plants that contains the male GAMETOPHYTES.
MSH

fine powderlike material consisting of pollen grains that is produced by the anthers of seed plants, such as flowers, grasses and trees that may cause allergic reactions in some individuals.
CSP

The male genetic material of a seed plant contained in the anther, usually appearing as fine grains or dust.
NCI

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mléčné žlázy zvířat

MAMMARY GLANDS in the non-human MAMMALS.
MSH

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generalizace (psychologie)

The phenomenon of an organism`s responding to all situations similar to one in which it has been conditioned.
MSH

The process of formulating general concepts by abstracting common properties of instances; reasoning from detailed facts to general principles.
NCI

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zubní štěrbina

The seepage of fluids, debris, and micro-organisms between the walls of a prepared dental cavity and the restoration.
MSH

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Teleological Ethics

Theories of ethics which hold that the rightness or wrongness of an act can be determined by assessing the good and evil consequences which the act produces. (Bioethics Thesaurus)
MSH

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Asie západní

The geographical designation for the countries of the MIDDLE EAST and the countries BANGLADESH; BHUTAN; INDIA; NEPAL; PAKISTAN; and SRI LANKA. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed, 1993 & Webster`s New Geographical Dictionary, 1988)
MSH

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polyestery

Polymers of organic acids and alcohols, with ester linkages–usually polyethylene terephthalate; can be cured into hard plastic, films or tapes, or fibers which can be woven into fabrics, meshes or velours.
MSH

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mannitol

A diuretic and renal diagnostic aid related to sorbitol. It has little significant energy value as it is largely eliminated from the body before any metabolism can take place. It can be used to treat oliguria associated with kidney failure or other manifestations of inadequate renal function and has been used for determination of glomerular filtration rate. Mannitol is also commonly used as a research tool in cell biological studies, usually to control osmolarity.
MSH

six-carbon sugar alcohol formed by reduction of mannose or fructose and widely distributed in plants and fungi.
CSP

A drug used to decrease swelling of the brain and to treat kidney failure. Mannitol can also be used to open the blood-brain barrier, which allows anticancer medicines to enter the brain and treat brain tumors.
NCI

A naturally occurring alcohol found in fruits and vegetables and used as an osmotic diuretic. Mannitol is freely filtered by the glomerulus and poorly reabsorbed from the renal tubule, thereby causing an increase in osmolarity of the glomerular filtrate. An increase in osmolarity limits tubular reabsorption of water and inhibits the renal tubular reabsorption of sodium, chloride, and other solutes, thereby promoting diuresis. In addition, mannitol elevates blood plasma osmolarity, resulting in enhanced flow of water from tissues into interstitial fluid and plasma. Check for “http://www.cancer.gov/Search/ClinicalTrialsLink.aspx?id=39493&idtype=1″ active clinical trials or “http://www.cancer.gov/Search/ClinicalTrialsLink.aspx?id=39493&idtype=1&closed=1″ closed clinical trials using this agent. (“http://nciterms.nci.nih.gov:80/NCIBrowser/ConceptReport.jsp?dictionary=NCI_Thesaurus&code=C625″ NCI Thesaurus)
PDQ

A naturally occurring alcohol found in fruits and vegetables and used as an osmotic diuretic. Mannitol is freely filtered by the glomerulus and poorly reabsorbed from the renal tubule, thereby causing an increase in osmolarity of the glomerular filtrate. An increase in osmolarity limits tubular reabsorption of water and inhibits the renal tubular reabsorption of sodium, chloride, and other solutes, thereby promoting diuresis. In addition, mannitol elevates blood plasma osmolarity, resulting in enhanced flow of water from tissues into interstitial fluid and plasma.
NCI

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genetická komplementace – testy

A test used to determine whether or not complementation (compensation in the form of dominance) will occur in a cell with a given mutant phenotype when another mutant genome, encoding the same mutant phenotype, is introduced into that cell.
MSH

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zubní technici

Individuals responsible for fabrication of dental appliances.
MSH

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kyselina tenuazonová

3-Acetyl-5-sec-butyl-4-hydroxy-3-pyrrolin-2-one. A metabolite found in a strain of the fungus Alternaria tenuis Auct. which functions as an antibiotic with antiviral and antineoplastic properties, and may also act as a mycotoxin.
MSH

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krevní oběh podpůrný

Pumping that aids the natural activity of the heart. (Dorland, 27th ed)
MSH

surgical support techniques that with pumping aids the natural activity of the heart.
CSP

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polyfosfáty

Linear polymers in which orthophosphate residues are linked with energy-rich phosphoanhydride bonds. They are found in plants, animals, and microorganisms.
MSH

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marihuana – abúzus

The excessive use of marijuana with associated psychological symptoms and impairment in social or occupational functioning.
MSH

excessive use of marijuana with associated psychological symptoms and impairment in social or occupational functioning.
CSP

Marijuana is a dry, shredded mix of flowers, stems, seeds and leaves of the hemp plant Cannabis sativa. People usually smoke it as a cigarette or in a pipe. It is the most commonly abused illegal drug in the United States.

Abusing marijuana can result in problems with memory, learning and social behavior. It can interfere with family, school, work and other activities.

Scientific studies are underway to test the safety and usefulness of cannabis compounds for treating certain medical conditions. Currently, smoking marijuana is not recommended for the treatment of any disease or condition.

NIH: National Institute on Drug Abuse


MEDLINEPLUS

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zeměpisné pojmy

header term for any geographic location; for D43 grants, and R03 TW grants (Fogarty International Center awards), index specific country when possible.
CSP

All of the continents and every country situated within, the UNITED STATES and each of the constituent states arranged by region, CANADA and each of its provinces, AUSTRALIA and each of its states, the major bodies of water and major islands on both hemispheres, and selected major cities. Although the geographic locations are not printed in INDEX MEDICUS as main headings, in indexing they are significant in epidemiologic studies and historical articles and for locating administrative units in education and the delivery of health care.
MSH

Any demarcated area of the Earth; may be determined by both natural and human boundaries.
NCI

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zubní náhrady částečné dočasné

A partial denture intended for short-term use in a temporary or emergency situation.
MSH

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tetrabenazin

A drug formerly used as an antipsychotic and treatment of various movement disorders. Tetrabenazine blocks neurotransmitter uptake into adrenergic storage vesicles and has been used as a high affinity label for the vesicle transport system.
MSH

non-USP.
CSP

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GTP-pyrofosfokinasa

An enzyme that catalyzes reversibly the transfer of a pyrophosphate group from ATP to the 3`-OH group of GDP or GTP with the formation of guanosine 3`-diphosphate 5`-diphosphate or guanosine 3`-diphosphate 5`-triphosphate and AMP. The enzyme, also called stringent factor, is located in the relA gene in stringent strains of bacteria. The above synthesis is induced by mRNA and uncharged tRNA which is bound to the aminoacyl-t-RNA binding site of the ribosome by a codon-specific association. EC 2.7.6.5.
MSH

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