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hydroxycholesteroly

cholesterol which is substituted by a hydroxy group in any position.
CSP

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doléčovací pokoj

Hospital unit providing continuous monitoring of the patient following anesthesia.
MSH

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vývoj dítěte

The continuous sequential physiological and psychological maturing of an individual from birth up to but not including ADOLESCENCE.
MSH

Your child is no longer a baby! The beginning of school reminds parents that their child is growing up.

Children grow and mature at very different rates. It`s hard to say what "normal" is. There can be big differences in height, weight and build among healthy children. Diet, exercise and genes are all factors. Some children begin puberty or are close to it before they are teenagers.

Children start to become more independent from their parents. They may rebel. They also look outward – to their friends, who are usually of the same sex. Peer approval becomes very important. Your child may try new behaviors to be part of "the group." This can also be the time that parents or teachers recognize learning disabilities or behavioral problems in children. These problems can get worse as time goes on, so it is important to get help early.


MEDLINEPLUS

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nervový útlum

The function of opposing or restraining the excitation of neurons or their target excitable cells.
MSH

depression or prevention of neural impulses.
CSP

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amiodaron

An antianginal and antiarrhythmic drug. It increases the duration of ventricular and atrial muscle action by inhibiting Na,K-activated myocardial adenosine triphosphatase. There is a resulting decrease in heart rate and in vascular resistance.
MSH

2-butyl-3-(3,5-diiodo-4-beta diethylaminoethoxybenzoyl) benzofuran; coronary vasodilator used as an antiarrhythmic; severe risk of pulmonary and hepatic toxicity via disruption of lysosomal function; also has amphiphilic phototoxin properties.
CSP

An iodine-rich benzofuran derivative with antiarrhythmic and vasodilatory activities. As a class III antiarrhythmic agent, amiodarone blocks the myocardial calcium, potassium and sodium channels in cardiac tissue, resulting in prolongation of the cardiac action potential and refractory period. In addition, this agent inhibits alpha- and beta-adrenergic receptors, resulting in a reduction in sympathetic stimulation of the heart, a negative chronotropic effect, and a decrease in myocardial oxygen demands. Amiodarone may cause vasodilation by stimulation of the release of nitric oxide and cyclooxygenase-dependent relaxing endothelial factors.
NCI

a drug used to treat angina and arrythmia
CHV

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Hymenolepis

A genus of small tapeworms of birds and mammals.
MSH

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reflex pupilární

Constriction of the pupil in response to light stimulation of the retina. It refers also to any reflex involving the iris, with resultant alteration of the diameter of the pupil. (Cline et al., Dictionary of Visual Science, 4th ed)
MSH

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chitin

A linear polysaccharide of beta-1->4 linked units of ACETYLGLUCOSAMINE. It is the second most abundant biopolymer on earth, found especially in INSECTS and FUNGI. When deacetylated it is called CHITOSAN.
MSH

tough, white polysaccharide of acetylglucosamine found in arthropod shells and elsewhere; the second most abundant polysaccharide in nature, after cellulose.
CSP

A type of polysaccharide (sugar molecule) that is made by some plants and animals. The hard outer shell of shrimp, lobsters, and many insects is made of chitin.
NCI

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neurom

A tumor made up of nerve cells and nerve fibers. (Dorland, 27th ed)
MSH

A tumor that arises in nerve cells.
NCI

A tumor that grows from a nerve or is composed of nerve cells and nerve fibers.
NCI

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amputace

The removal of a limb or other appendage or outgrowth of the body. (Dorland, 28th ed)
MSH

removal of a limb or other appendage or outgrowth of the body.
CSP

Surgery to remove part or all of a limb or appendage.
NCI

The surgical removal of all or part of a limb or other appendage.
NCI

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hyperostosis frontalis interna

Thickening of the inner table of the frontal bone, which may be associated with hypertrichosis and obesity. It most commonly affects women near menopause.
MSH

A condition of unknown etiology characterized by thickening of the inner table of the frontal bone of the skull. It is seen more often in females and is usually bilateral.
NCI

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posílení – program

A schedule prescribing when the subject is to be reinforced or rewarded in terms of temporal interval in psychological experiments. The schedule may be continuous or intermittent.
MSH

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chlorbenzoany

Benzoic acid or benzoic acid esters substituted with one or more chlorine atoms.
MSH

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neurosyfilis

Infections of the central nervous system caused by TREPONEMA PALLIDUM which present with a variety of clinical syndromes. The initial phase of infection usually causes a mild or asymptomatic meningeal reaction. The meningovascular form may present acutely as BRAIN INFARCTION. The infection may also remain subclinical for several years. Late syndromes include general paresis; TABES DORSALIS; meningeal syphilis; syphilitic OPTIC ATROPHY; and spinal syphilis. General paresis is characterized by progressive DEMENTIA; DYSARTHRIA; TREMOR; MYOCLONUS; SEIZURES; and Argyll-Robertson pupils. (Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp722-8)
MSH

Infection of the brain or spinal cord by Treponema pallidum. It occurs many years following the original infection which remained untreated. Signs and symptoms include abnormal gait, blindness, depression, paralysis, seizures and dementia.
NCI

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analgetika

Compounds capable of relieving pain without the loss of CONSCIOUSNESS.
MSH

compounds capable of relieving pain without the loss of consciousness or without producing anesthesia.
CSP

Drugs that reduce pain. These drugs include aspirin, acetaminophen, and ibuprofen.
NCI

Natural or synthetic compound mixtures, Analgesic Preparations relieve pain by altering the perception of nociceptive stimuli without loss of consciousness. Analgesic compounds may act at opioid receptors (morphine-like drugs) or at other central or peripheral sites (non-steroidal anti-inflammatory agents). (NCI04)
NCI

A medication used to relieve pain.
NCI

Compounds that alleviate pain without loss of consciousness. Analgesics act by various mechanisms including binding with opioid receptors and decreasing inflammation. Choice of analgesic may be determined by the type of pain. These compounds include opioid, non-opioid and adjuvant analgesic agents.
NCI

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DISNEA PSILOGENOA (HIPERAIREZTAPENA)

A pulmonary ventilation rate faster than is metabolically necessary for the exchange of gases. It is the result of an increased frequency of breathing, an increased tidal volume, or a combination of both. It causes an excess intake of oxygen and the blowing off of carbon dioxide.
MSH

Abnormally prolonged, rapid, and deep breathing.
NCI

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chymosin

The predominant milk-clotting enzyme from the true stomach or abomasum of the suckling calf. It is secreted as an inactive precursor called prorennin and converted in the acid environment of the stomach to the active enzyme. EC 3.4.23.4.
MSH

do not confuse with RENIN, EC 3.4.23.15.
CSP

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dušení se

A condition caused by blocking the airways to the lungs and interference with the respiration by compression or obstruction of the larynx or trachea.
NCI

Food or small objects can cause choking if they get caught in your throat and block your airway. This keeps oxygen from getting to your lungs and brain. If your brain goes without oxygen for more than four minutes, you could have brain damage or die.

Young children are at an especially high risk of choking. They can choke on foods like hot dogs, nuts and grapes, and on small objects like toy pieces and coins. Keep hazards out of their reach and supervise them when they eat.

When someone is choking, quick action can be lifesaving. Learn how to do the Heimlich maneuver – on others and yourself – and CPR.

Food and Drug Administration


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Nikaragua

A country in Central America, bordering both the Caribbean Sea and the North Pacific Ocean, between Costa Rica and Honduras. (NCI)
NCI

A country in Central America, bordering both the Caribbean Sea and the North Pacific Ocean, between Costa Rica and Honduras. (CIA World Factbook 2002)
NCI

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androgeny

Compounds that interact with ANDROGEN RECEPTORS in target tissues to bring about the effects similar to those of TESTOSTERONE. Depending on the target tissues, androgenic effects can be on SEX DIFFERENTIATION; male reproductive organs, SPERMATOGENESIS; secondary male SEX CHARACTERISTICS; LIBIDO; development of muscle mass, strength, and power.
MSH

compounds that interact with androgen receptors in target tissues to bring about the effects similar to those of testosterone; depending on the target tissues, androgenic effects can be on sexual differentiation, male reproductive organs, spermtogenesis, secondary male sex characteristics, libido, development of muscle mass, strength, and power.
CSP

A type of hormone that promotes the development and maintenance of male sex characteristics.
NCI

a kind of male sex hormone
CHV

A class of sex hormones associated with the development and maintenance of the secondary male sex characteristics, sperm induction, and sexual differentiation. In addition to increasing virility and libido, they also increase nitrogen and water retention and stimulate skeletal growth. (MeSH)
NCI

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hypopituitarismus

Diminution or cessation of secretion of one or more hormones from the anterior pituitary gland (including LH; FOLLICLE STIMULATING HORMONE; SOMATOTROPIN; and CORTICOTROPIN). This may result from surgical or radiation ablation, non-secretory PITUITARY NEOPLASMS, metastatic tumors, infarction, PITUITARY APOPLEXY, infiltrative or granulomatous processes, and other conditions.
MSH

diminution or cessation of secretion of one or more hormones from the anterior pituitary gland (including luteinizing hormone, follicle stimulating hormone, somatotropin; and corticotropin); may result from surgical or radiation ablation, non-secretory pituitary neoplasms, metastatic tumors, infarction, pituitary apoplexy, infiltrative or granulomatous processes, and other conditions.
CSP

A condition of diminution or cessation of secretion of one or more hormones from the anterior pituitary gland. This may result from surgical or radiation ablation, non-secretory pituitary neoplasms, metastatic tumors, infarction, pituitary apoplexy, infiltrative or granulomatous processes, and other conditions.
NCI

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stěhování obyvatelstva a migrace

Frequent change of residence, either in the same city or town, or between cities, states or communities.
MSH

change of residence, either in the same city or town, or between cities, states or communities.
CSP

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cholesteny

Steroids with methyl groups at C-10 and C-13 and a branched 8-carbon chain at C-17. Members include compounds with any degree of unsaturation; however, CHOLESTADIENES is available for derivatives containing two double bonds.
MSH

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niob

Niobium. A metal element atomic number 41, atomic weight 92.906, symbol Nb. (From Dorland, 28th ed)
MSH

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hysterotomie

An incision in the uterus, performed through either the abdomen or the vagina.
MSH

A surgical incision made on the uterus to access the uterine cavity.
NCI

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péče nemocniční přerušovaná o dlouhodobě nemocné

Patient care provided in the home or institution intermittently in order to provide temporary relief to the family home care giver.
MSH

Temporary care given to a person who is unable to care for himself or herself so that the usual caregivers can have a break. Respite care may include in-home care, adult daycare, or nursing home care.
NCI

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chondromalacia patellae

A degeneration of the ARTICULAR CARTILAGE of the PATELLA, caused by a decrease in sulfated MUCOPOLYSACCHARIDES in the ground substance. When accompanied by pain, it is sometimes considered part of or confused with PATELLOFEMORAL PAIN SYNDROME.
MSH

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dusíkaté hořčičné sloučeniny

A group of alkylating agents derived from mustard gas, with the sulfur replaced by nitrogen. They were formerly used as toxicants and vesicants, but now function as antineoplastic agents. These compounds are also powerful mutagens, teratogens, immunosuppressants, and carcinogens.
MSH

A mustard agent containing nitrogen and chlorine atoms.
NCI

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Immunoglobulin IgG4

A subtype of IgG that makes up a minor part of circulating antibodies in healthy individuals. It is elevated in various diseases and infections.
NCI

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vena retinalis – okluze

Blockage of the RETINAL VEIN. Those at high risk for this condition include patients with HYPERTENSION; DIABETES MELLITUS; ATHEROSCLEROSIS; and other CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASES.
MSH

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