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butylskopolamoniumbromid

Antimuscarinic quaternary ammonium derivative of scopolamine used to treat cramps in gastrointestinal, urinary, uterine, and biliary tracts, and to facilitate radiologic visualization of the gastrointestinal tract.
MSH

An orally available bromide salt form of butylscopolamine, a quaternary ammonium derivative of the alkaloid scopolamine, with anticholinergic property. Upon oral administration, hyoscine butylbromide binds to and blocks muscarinic receptors located on postganglionic parasympathetic nerve endings and on smooth muscle cells. This blocks the activity of acetylcholine (Ach) and causes its antispasmodic effect in the gastrointestinal (GI), urinary, uterine, and biliary tracts. This agent may also facilitate radiologic visualization of the GI tract.
NCI

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sociální chování

Any behavior caused by or affecting another individual, usually of the same species.
MSH

behavior affecting or in response to other individuals, usually of the same species.
CSP

Behavior that occurs predominantly, or only, in individuals that are part of a group. [PMID:12848939]
GO

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parestézie

Subjective cutaneous sensations (e.g., cold, warmth, tingling, pressure, etc.) that are experienced spontaneously in the absence of stimulation.
MSH

A disorder characterized by functional disturbances of sensory neurons resulting in abnormal cutaneous sensations of tingling, numbness, pressure, cold, and warmth that are experienced in the absence of a stimulus.
NCI

Abnormal touch sensations, such as burning or prickling, that occur without an outside stimulus.
NCI

Abnormal cutaneous sensations of tingling, numbness, pressure, cold, and warmth that an individual experiences without the presence of a stimulus. It results from functional disturbances of sensory neurons. Causes include peripheral vascular disease, peripheral neuropathy, and nerve damage.
NCI

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memantin

AMANTADINE derivative that has some dopaminergic effects. It has been proposed as an antiparkinson agent.
MSH

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zaměstnanost

The state of being engaged in an activity or service for wages or salary.
MSH

The state of being engaged in an activity or service for wages or salary; the occupation for which you are paid.
NCI

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glykosidhydrolasy

covering the sugar hydrolases.
CSP

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kalcifylaxe

Condition of induced systemic hypersensitivity in which tissues respond to appropriate challenging agents with a sudden local calcification.
MSH

A rare syndrome characterized by vascular calcification and skin necrosis. It seen in patients with end stage renal disease.
NCI

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socialismus

A system of government in which means of production and distribution of goods are controlled by the state.
MSH

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pasivně-agresivní osobnost

A personality disorder characterized by an indirect resistance to demands for adequate social and occupational performance; anger and opposition to authority and the expectations of others that is expressed covertly by obstructionism, procrastination, stubbornness, dawdling, forgetfulness, and intentional inefficiency. (Dorland, 27th ed)
MSH

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meningitida pneumokoková

An acute purulent infection of the meninges and subarachnoid space caused by Streptococcus pneumoniae, most prevalent in children and adults over the age of 60. This illness may be associated with OTITIS MEDIA; MASTOIDITIS; SINUSITIS; RESPIRATORY TRACT INFECTIONS; sickle cell disease (ANEMIA, SICKLE CELL); skull fractures; and other disorders. Clinical manifestations include FEVER; HEADACHE; neck stiffness; and somnolence followed by SEIZURES; focal neurologic deficits (notably DEAFNESS); and COMA. (From Miller et al., Merritt`s Textbook of Neurology, 9th ed, p111)
MSH

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encefalomyelitida koňská

A group of ALPHAVIRUS INFECTIONS which affect horses and man, transmitted via the bites of mosquitoes. Disorders in this category are endemic to regions of South America and North America. In humans, clinical manifestations vary with the type of infection, and range from a mild influenza-like syndrome to a fulminant encephalitis. (From Joynt, Clinical Neurology, 1996, Ch26, pp8-10)
MSH

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gonády – dysgeneze

A number of syndromes with defective gonadal developments such as streak GONADS and dysgenetic testes or ovaries. The spectrum of gonadal and sexual abnormalities is reflected in their varied sex chromosome (SEX CHROMOSOMES) constitution as shown by the karyotypes of 45,X monosomy (TURNER SYNDROME); 46,XX (GONADAL DYSGENESIS, 46XX); 46,XY (GONADAL DYSGENESIS, 46,XY); and sex chromosome MOSAICISM; (GONADAL DYSGENESIS, MIXED). Their phenotypes range from female, through ambiguous, to male. This concept includes gonadal agenesis.
MSH

Abnormal development of a gonad (ovary or testicle). Men with gonadal dysgenesis have a greater risk of developing testicular cancer. Gonadal dysgenesis is usually part of a genetic syndrome.
NCI

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caliciviry

A family of RNA viruses infecting a broad range of animals. Most individual species are restricted to their natural hosts. They possess a characteristic six-pointed starlike shape whose surfaces have cup-shaped (chalice) indentions. Transmission is by contaminated food, water, fomites, and occasionally aerosolization of secretions. Genera include LAGOVIRUS; NORWALK-LIKE VIRUSES; SAPPORO-LIKE VIRUSES; and VESIVIRUS.
MSH

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Sodium Iothalamate

The sodium salt form of iothalamate, an organic iodine compound and a radiographic contrast medium. Iothalamate sodium blocks x-rays as they pass through the body, thereby allowing body structures not containing iodine to be visualized. The degree of opacity produced by iothalamate sodium is directly proportional to the total amount of the iodinated contrast agent in the path of the x-rays. The visualization of body structures is dependent upon the distribution and elimination of iothalamate sodium. (NCI05)
NCI

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pacienti – identifikační systémy

Organized procedures for establishing patient identity, including use of bracelets, etc.
MSH

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meprobamát

A carbamate with hypnotic, sedative, and some muscle relaxant properties, although in therapeutic doses reduction of anxiety rather than a direct effect may be responsible for muscle relaxation. Meprobamate has been reported to have anticonvulsant actions against petit mal seizures, but not against grand mal seizures (which may be exacerbated). It is used in the treatment of ANXIETY DISORDERS, and also for the short-term management of INSOMNIA but has largely been superseded by the BENZODIAZEPINES. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p603)
MSH

A carbamate derivate with hypnotic, anti-anxiety, sedative, anticonvulsant and some indirect muscle relaxant properties. Although the exact mechanism of meprobamate is largely unknown, it appears to act as a depressant at multiple sites in the central nervous system, mostly likely through the GABAergic neurotransmitter system, including the thalamus and limbic system.
NCI

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nádory endometria

Tumors or cancer of ENDOMETRIUM, the mucous lining of the UTERUS. These neoplasms can be benign or malignant. Their classification and grading are based on the various cell types and the percent of undifferentiated cells.
MSH

Tumor originating and limited to the endometrium at first stage
NCI

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gramnegativní fakultativně anaerobní tyčinky

A large group of facultatively anaerobic, rod-shaped bacteria that show up as pink (negative) when treated by the gram-staining method.
MSH

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Campylobacter jejuni

A species of bacteria that resemble small tightly coiled spirals. Its organisms are known to cause abortion in sheep and fever and enteritis in man and may be associated with enteric diseases of calves, lambs, and other animals.
MSH

Any bacterial organism that can be assigned to the species Campylobacter jejuni.
NCI

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Somálsko

Somalia is located on the east coast of Africa on and north of the Equator and, with Ethiopia, Eritrea, Djibouti, and Kenya, is often referred to as the Horn of Africa. It comprises Italy`s former Trust Territory of Somalia and the former British Protectorate of Somaliland. The capital is Mogadishu.
MSH

A country in Eastern Africa, bordering the Gulf of Aden and the Indian Ocean, east of Ethiopia. (NCI)
NCI

A country in Eastern Africa, bordering the Gulf of Aden and the Indian Ocean, east of Ethiopia. (CIA World Factbook 2002)
NCI

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posudkové řízení

An organized procedure carried out by a select committee of professionals in evaluating the performance of other professionals in meeting the standards of their specialty. Review by peers is used by editors in the evaluation of articles and other papers submitted for publication. Peer review is used also in the evaluation of grant applications. It is applied also in evaluating the quality of health care provided to patients.
MSH

The process by which original articles and grants written by researchers are evaluated for technical and scientific quality and correctness by other experts in the same field.
NCI

A scholarly process that subjects an author`s work or ideas to the scrutiny of one or more others who are experts in the field. These referees each return an evaluation of the work, including suggestions for improvement. Evaluations usually include an explicit recommendation of what to do with the manuscript or proposal. A chief rationale for peer review is that rarely is just one person, or one closely working group, able to spot every mistake or weakness in a complicated piece of work. This is not necessarily because these deficiencies represent needles in a haystack, but because in a new and creative and perhaps eclectic intellectual product, any one of these opportunities for improvement may stand out only to someone with a particular expertise and/or history of experience. Therefore showing a work to various others increases the probability that the weakness will be identified and fixed.
NCI

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mesoridazin

A phenothiazine antipsychotic with effects similar to CHLORPROMAZINE.
MSH

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enoftalmus

Recession of the eyeball into the orbit.
MSH

Abnormal recession of the eyeball within the eye socket.
NCI

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tříslo

The external junctural region between the lower part of the abdomen and the thigh.
MSH

The area where the thigh meets the abdomen.
NCI

The lower region of the anterior abdominal wall located laterally to the pubic region. (NCI)
NCI

The lower region of the anterior abdominal wall located laterally to the pubic region.
NCI

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trest smrti

The use of the death penalty for certain crimes.
MSH

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prostor – percepce

The awareness of the spatial properties of objects; includes physical space.
MSH

awareness of the spatial properties of objects; includes physical space.
CSP

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penis – nemoci

Pathological processes involving the PENIS or its component tissues.
MSH

condition in which there is a deviation from or interruption of the normal structure or function of the penis.
CSP

Problems with the penis can cause pain and affect a man`s sexual function and fertility. Penis disorders include

  • Erectile dysfunction – inability to get or keep an erection
  • Priapism – a painful erection that does not go away
  • Peyronie`s disease – bending of the penis during an erection due to a hard lump called a plaque
  • Balanitis – inflammation of the skin covering the head of the penis, most often in men and boys who have not been circumcised
  • Penile cancer – a rare form of cancer, highly curable when caught early


MEDLINEPLUS

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metatarzální kosti

The five long bones of the METATARSUS, articulating with the TARSAL BONES proximally and the PHALANGES OF TOES distally.
MSH

A bone belonging to the middle part of the foot located between toes and ankle. There are 5 metatarsal bones and they are numbered from the medial side. (NCI)
NCI

a kind of the foot bones
CHV

A bone belonging to the middle part of the foot located between toes and ankle. There are 5 metatarsal bones and they are numbered from the medial side.
NCI

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životní prostředí – projekt

The structuring of the environment to permit or promote specific patterns of behavior.
MSH

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guanosindifosfát

A guanine nucleotide containing two phosphate groups esterified to the sugar moiety.
MSH

guanosine 5`-(trihydrogen diphosphate); guanine nucleotide containing two phosphate groups esterified to the sugar moiety.
CSP

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