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berberinové alkaloidy

A group of related plant alkaloids that contain the BERBERINE heterocyclic ring structure.
MSH

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peptický vřed – hemoragie

Bleeding from a PEPTIC ULCER that can be located in any segment of the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT.
MSH

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Listeria

genus of bacteria which may be found in the feces of animals and man, on vegetation, and in silage; parasitic on cold blooded and warm blooded animals, including man.
CSP

A genus of bacteria which may be found in the feces of animals and man, on vegetation, and in silage. Its species are parasitic on cold-blooded and warm-blooded animals, including man.
MSH

A genus of gram-positive, rod-shaped bacteria in the phylum Firmicutes.
NCI

Any bacteria that is not assigned to the species level but can be assigned to the Listeria genus level.
NCI

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Body Fluid Discharge

body substance
CHV

In medicine, a fluid that comes out of the body. Discharge can be normal or a sign of disease. Discharge also means release of a patient from care.
NCI

The pouring forth of a fluid.
NCI

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fraktury – fixace

The use of metallic devices inserted into or through bone to hold a fracture in a set position and alignment while it heals.
MSH

use of metallic devices inserted into or through bone to hold a fracture in a set position and alignment while it heals.
CSP

An orthopedic procedure to set the position of broken bones while they heal.
NCI

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spermatokela

A cystic dilation of the EPIDIDYMIS, usually in the head portion (caput epididymis). The cyst fluid contains dead SPERMATOZOA and can be easily differentiated from TESTICULAR HYDROCELE and other testicular lesions.
MSH

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betaxolol

A cardioselective beta-1-adrenergic antagonist with no partial agonist activity.
MSH

A racemic mixture and selective beta-1 adrenergic receptor antagonist with antihypertensive and anti-glaucoma activities and devoid of intrinsic sympathomimetic activity. Betaxolol selectively and competitively binds to and blocks beta-1 adrenergic receptors in the heart, thereby decreasing cardiac contractility and rate. This leads to a reduction in cardiac output and lowers blood pressure. When applied topically in the eye, this agent reduces aqueous humor secretion and lowers the intraocular pressure (IOP). In addition, betaxolol prevents the release of renin, a hormone secreted by the kidneys that causes constriction of blood vessels.
NCI

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perkuse

Act of striking a part with short, sharp blows as an aid in diagnosing the condition beneath the sound obtained.
MSH

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ještěrky

any of a suborder (Lacertilia) of reptiles distinguished from the snakes by a fused inseparable lower jaw, a single temporal opening, two pairs of well differentiated functional limbs which may be lacking in burrowing forms, external ears, and eyes with movable lids.
CSP

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District of Columbia

A federal area located between Maryland and Virginia on the Potomac river; it is coextensive with Washington, D.C., which is the capital of the United States.
MSH

The area in the United States comprised of a 68 square mile area northeast of the Potomac River donated by the state of Maryland. The District of Columbia, also known as D.C., is not a state, nor is it part of any state. It is a “federal district” established by the US Constitution as the seat of government. The district is occupied entirely by the city of Washington. (from SEERS 2004 codeset)
NCI

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čelní kost

The bone that forms the frontal aspect of the skull. Its flat part forms the forehead, articulating inferiorly with the NASAL BONE and the CHEEK BONE on each side of the face.
MSH

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mícha – nemoci

Pathologic conditions which feature SPINAL CORD damage or dysfunction, including disorders involving the meninges and perimeningeal spaces surrounding the spinal cord. Traumatic injuries, vascular diseases, infections, and inflammatory/autoimmune processes may affect the spinal cord.
MSH

pathologic conditions which feature spinal cord damage or dysfunction, including disorders involving the meninges and perimeningeal spaces surrounding the spinal cord.
CSP

Your spinal cord is the part of your nervous system that relays messages to and from your brain. It is housed inside your vertebrae, which are the bone disks that make up your spine. Normally, your vertebrae protect your spinal cord. If they don`t, you can sustain a spinal cord injury. Besides injuries, the spinal cord can develop

Symptoms vary but might include pain, numbness, loss of sensation and muscle weakness. These symptoms can occur around the spinal cord, and also in other areas such as your arms and legs. Treatments vary but often include medicines and surgery.


MEDLINEPLUS

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dyskineze žlučových cest

A motility disorder characterized by biliary COLIC, absence of GALLSTONES, and an abnormal GALLBLADDER ejection fraction. It is caused by gallbladder dyskinesia and/or SPHINCTER OF ODDI DYSFUNCTION.
MSH

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periodika

Publications intended to be issued on an ongoing basis, generally more frequently than annually, containing separate articles, stories, or writings.
MSH

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hluk – percepce

The perceived attribute of a sound which corresponds to the physical attribute of intensity.
MSH

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transpozibilní elementy DNA

Discrete segments of DNA which can excise and reintegrate to another site in the genome. Most are inactive, i.e., have not been found to exist outside the integrated state. DNA transposable elements include bacterial IS (insertion sequence) elements, Tn elements, the maize controlling elements Ac and Ds, Drosophila P, gypsy, and pogo elements, the human Tigger elements and the Tc and mariner elements which are found throughout the animal kingdom.
MSH

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fond – zvyšování

Usually organized community efforts to raise money to promote financial programs of institutions. The funds may include individual gifts.
MSH

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spirostany

Cholestane derivatives containing a fused lactone ring at the 16,17-position and a spiroglycosidic linkage at C-22. Members include sarsaponin, DIOSGENIN and yamogenin.
MSH

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biologická dostupnost

The extent to which the active ingredient of a drug dosage form becomes available at the site of drug action or in a biological medium believed to reflect accessibility to a site of action.
MSH

The rate and extent to which the active ingredient or active moiety is absorbed from a drug product and becomes available at the site of action. For drug products that are not intended to be absorbed into the bloodstream, bioavailability may be assessed by measurements intended to reflect the rate and extent to which the active ingredient or active moiety becomes available at the site of action (21CFR320.1).
NCI

the amount of drug that reaches the blood after it has been administered
CHV

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peritonitida

INFLAMMATION of the PERITONEUM lining the ABDOMINAL CAVITY as the result of infectious, autoimmune, or chemical processes. Primary peritonitis is due to infection of the PERITONEAL CAVITY via hematogenous or lymphatic spread and without intra-abdominal source. Secondary peritonitis arises from the ABDOMINAL CAVITY itself through RUPTURE or ABSCESS of intra-abdominal organs.
MSH

inflammation of the peritoneum, a condition marked by exudations in the peritoneum of serum, fibrin, cells, and pus.
CSP

inflammation of the thin membrane surrounding abdominal cavity, called peritoneum
CHV

Inflammation of the peritoneum (tissue that lines the abdominal wall and covers most of the organs in the abdomen). Peritonitis can result from infection, injury, or certain diseases. Symptoms may include swelling of the abdomen, severe pain, and weight loss.
NCI

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plíce – mykózy

Pulmonary diseases caused by fungal infections, usually through hematogenous spread.
MSH

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proteiny vážící DNA

Proteins which bind to DNA. The family includes proteins which bind to both double- and single-stranded DNA and also includes specific DNA binding proteins in serum which can be used as markers for malignant diseases.
MSH

diverse group of viral and genetic regulatory proteins which bind in a sequence-specific manner to DNA, and share common structural motifs such as the “zinc-finger,” “helix-turn-helix,” and “leucine zipper.”
CSP

Proteins that non-covalently interact with deoxyribonucleic acid as a result of intermolecular physical forces and spatial complementarity. Many genetic regulatory DNA binding proteins bind to double- or single-stranded DNA in a sequence-specific manner and share common structural motifs such as the zinc-finger, helix-turn-helix, and leucine zipper.
NCI

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Gaffkya anaerobia

Any bacterial organism that can be assigned to the species Anaerococcus tetradius.
NCI

A species of anaerobic, Gram positive, cocci shaped bacteria assigned to the phylum Firmicutes. This bacteria is urease positive, indole and coagulase negative, ferments glucose and mannose but does not produces acid from raffinose. A. tetradius is a commensal organism of the mouth, skin, gastrointestinal and urinary tract and is considered an opportunistic pathogens in cases of immunosuppression or trauma.
NCI

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sprue tropická

A chronic malabsorption syndrome, occurring mainly in residents of or visitors to the tropics or subtropics. The failed INTESTINAL ABSORPTION of nutrients from the SMALL INTESTINE results in MALNUTRITION and ANEMIA that is due to FOLIC ACID deficiency.
MSH

chronic malabsorption syndrome occuring mainly in residents of or visitors to the tropics or subtropics; failed intestinal absorption of nutrients results in malnutrition and anemia due to folate deficiency.
CSP

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bioformation

Used for the anabolic formation of chemical substances in organisms, in living cells, or by subcellular fractions.
MSH

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perylen

A 20-carbon dibenz(de,kl)anthracene that can be viewed as a naphthalene fused to a phenalene or as dinaphthalene. It is used as fluorescent lipid probe in the cytochemistry of membranes and is a polycyclic hydrocarbon pollutant in soil and water. Derivatives may be carcinogenic.
MSH

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lymfangiektázie střevní

Dilatation of the intestinal lymphatic system usually caused by an obstruction in the intestinal wall. It may be congenital or acquired and is characterized by DIARRHEA; HYPOPROTEINEMIA; peripheral and/or abdominal EDEMA; and PROTEIN-LOSING ENTEROPATHIES.
MSH

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dvojitá slepá metoda

A method of studying a drug or procedure in which both the subjects and investigators are kept unaware of who is actually getting which specific treatment.
MSH

A clinical trial in which the medical staff, the patient, and the people who analyze the results do not know the specific type of treatment the patient receives until after the clinical trial is over.
NCI

A study in which neither the subject nor the investigator nor the research team interacting with the subject or data during the trial knows what treatment a subject is receiving. (CDISC glossary)
NCI

A method of studying a drug or procedure in which both the subjects and investigators are kept unaware of who is actually getting which specific treatment. (MSH2001)
NCI

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Gambie

A republic in western Africa, constituting an enclave within SENEGAL extending on both sides of the Gambia River. Its capital is Banjul, formerly Bathurst.
MSH

A country in Western Africa, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean and Senegal. (NCI)
NCI

A country in Western Africa, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean and Senegal. (CIA World Factbook 2002)
NCI

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synthasa škrobu

An enzyme that catalyzes the transfer of glucose from ADPglucose to glucose-containing polysaccharides in 1,4-alpha-linkages. EC 2.4.1.21.
MSH

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