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sexuální poradenství

Advice and support given to individuals to help them understand and resolve their sexual adjustment problems. It excludes treatment for PSYCHOSEXUAL DISORDERS or PSYCHOSEXUAL DYSFUNCTION.
MSH

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embolie

Blocking of a blood vessel by an embolus which can be a blood clot or other undissolved material in the blood stream.
MSH

blocking of a blood vessel by a blood clot or foreign matter that has been transported from a distant site by the blood stream.
CSP

A block in an artery caused by blood clots or other substances, such as fat globules, infected tissue, or cancer cells.
NCI

blockage of vessel with an object carried through blood circulation
CHV

The blockage of a blood vessel lumen by air or solid material such as blood clot or other tissues (e.g., adipose tissue, cancer cells) that have migrated from another anatomic site.
NCI

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heparin – antagonisté

Coagulant substances inhibiting the anticoagulant action of heparin.
MSH

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kyslík – isotopy

Stable oxygen atoms that have the same atomic number as the element oxygen, but differ in atomic weight. O-17 and 18 are stable oxygen isotopes.
MSH

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hýždě

Either of the fleshy mounds in the rear pelvic area of the human body formed by the gluteal muscles.
NCI

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motorické dovednosti – poruchy

Marked impairments in the development of motor coordination such that the impairment interferes with activities of daily living. (From DSM-IV, 1994)
MSH

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Shigella

genus of gram negative, facultatively anaerobic, rod shaped bacteria that ferments sugar without gas production; its organisms are intestinal pathogens of man and other primates and cause bacillary dysentery.
CSP

A genus of gram-negative, facultatively anaerobic, rod-shaped bacteria that ferments sugar without gas production. Its organisms are intestinal pathogens of man and other primates and cause bacillary dysentery (DYSENTERY, BACILLARY).
MSH

A genus of Gram-negative, non-spore forming rod-shaped bacteria in the phylum Proteobacteria.
NCI

Any bacteria that is not assigned to the species level but can be assigned to the Shigella genus level.
NCI

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zaměstnanci – disciplína

Regulations or conditions imposed on employees by management in order to correct or prevent behaviors which are counterproductive to the organization.
MSH

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hepatitida virová zvířat

INFLAMMATION of the LIVER in animals due to viral infection.
MSH

not restricted to hepatitis caused by hepatitis viruses; use also for hepatitis caused by other viruses in animals.
CSP

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p-hydroxynorefedrin

Parahydroxy analog of phenylpropanolamine with properties as a sympathomimetic.
MSH

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kalkaneus

The largest of the TARSAL BONES which is situated at the lower and back part of the FOOT, forming the HEEL.
MSH

The irregular and largest tarsal bone that forms the heel.
NCI

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mukopolysacharidóza III

Mucopolysaccharidosis characterized by heparitin sulfate in the urine, progressive mental retardation, mild dwarfism, and other skeletal disorders. There are four clinically indistinguishable but biochemically distinct forms, each due to a deficiency of a different enzyme.
MSH

mucopolysaccharidosis characterized by heparin sulfate in the urine, progressive mental retardation, mild dwarfism, and other skeletal disorders.
CSP

A rare autosomal recessive lysosomal storage disease affecting the metabolism of mucopolysaccharides. Signs and symptoms include behavioral changes, sleep disorders, mental developmental delays, and seizures.
NCI

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sialometaplazie nekrotizující

A benign, inflammatory, variably ulcerated, occasionally bilateral, self-healing lesion of the minor salivary glands that is often confused clinically and histologically with carcinoma.
MSH

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encefalomalacie

Softening or loss of brain tissue following CEREBRAL INFARCTION; cerebral ischemia (see BRAIN ISCHEMIA), infection, CRANIOCEREBRAL TRAUMA, or other injury. The term is often used during gross pathologic inspection to describe blurred cortical margins and decreased consistency of brain tissue following infarction. Multicystic encephalomalacia refers to the formation of multiple cystic cavities of various sizes in the cerebral cortex of neonates and infants following injury, most notably perinatal hypoxia-ischemic events. (From Davis et al., Textbook of Neuropathology, 2nd ed, p665; J Neuropathol Exp Neurol, 1995 Mar;54(2):268-75)
MSH

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HERPES SINPLEXA( ESKL. BEGIA F85; GENITALA X90, Y72)

A group of acute infections caused by herpes simplex virus type 1 or type 2 that is characterized by the development of one or more small fluid-filled vesicles with a raised erythematous base on the skin or mucous membrane. It occurs as a primary infection or recurs due to a reactivation of a latent infection. (Dorland, 27th ed.)
MSH

infection caused by the herpes simplex virus; affects the skin and nervous system; produces small temporary (but sometimes painful) blisters on the skin and mucous membranes.
CSP

Herpes is an infection that is caused by a herpes simplex virus (HSV). Oral herpes causes cold sores around the mouth or face. Genital herpes affects the genitals, buttocks or anal area. Genital herpes is a sexually transmitted disease (STD). It affects the genitals, buttocks or anal area. Other herpes infections can affect the eyes, skin, or other parts of the body. The virus can be dangerous in newborn babies or in people with weak immune systems.

There are two types of HSV:

  • HSV type 1 most commonly causes cold sores. It can also cause genital herpes.
  • HSV type 2 is the usual cause of genital herpes, but it also can infect the mouth.

HSV spreads direct contact. Some people have no symptoms. Others get sores near the area where the virus has entered the body. They turn into blisters, become itchy and painful, and then heal.

Most people have outbreaks several times a year. Over time, you get them less often. Medicines to help your body fight the virus can help lessen symptoms and decrease outbreaks.


MEDLINEPLUS

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kyselina palmitová

A common saturated fatty acid found in fats and waxes including olive oil, palm oil, and body lipids.
MSH

A saturated long-chain fatty acid with a 16-carbon backbone. Palmitic acid is found naturally in palm oil and palm kernel oil, as well as in butter, cheese, milk and meat.
NCI

Saturated fatty acid with 16 carbons.
NCI

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proteiny vážící vápník

Proteins to which calcium ions are bound. They can act as transport proteins, regulator proteins, or activator proteins. They typically contain EF HAND MOTIFS.
MSH

proteins which bind calcium ions; can act as transport proteins, regulator proteins, or activator proteins.
CSP

Calcium Binding Proteins typically belong to the same evolutionary family and often share an EF-hand calcium-binding domain that consists of a 12 residue loop flanked on both sides by a 12 residue alpha-helical domain; the calcium ion is coordinated with oxygen of Glu or Asp residues in a pentagonal bipyramidal configuration. Reversible binding of calcium with proteins often supports protein structure or induces an alteration of protein activity in enzymatic or cell signaling cascades. Calcium is essential for maintenance of a normal heartbeat and for normal cell functions. It also plays a role in blood coagulation and in many enzymatic processes.
NCI

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Muridae

A family of the order Rodentia containing 250 genera including the two genera Mus (MICE) and Rattus (RATS), from which the laboratory inbred strains are developed. The fifteen subfamilies are SIGMODONTINAE (New World mice and rats), CRICETINAE, Spalacinae, Myospalacinae, Lophiomyinae, ARVICOLINAE, Platacanthomyinae, Nesomyinae, Otomyinae, Rhizomyinae, GERBILLINAE, Dendromurinae, Cricetomyinae, MURINAE (Old World mice and rats), and Hydromyinae.
MSH

Taxonomic family which includes mice, rats, and gerbils.
NCI

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silikotuberkulóza

Pulmonary or extrapulmonary infection caused by MYCOBACTERIUM TUBERCULOSIS or nontuberculous mycobacteria in a patient with silicosis.
MSH

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endolymfa

The lymph fluid found in the membranous labyrinth of the ear. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
MSH

Transudate contained within the membranous labyrinth.
UWDA

lymph fluid found in the membranous labyrinth of the ear.
CSP

Transudate contained within the membranous labyrinth.
FMA

The bodily fluid that fills the membranous labyrinth of the inner ear.
NCI

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hexestrol

A synthetic estrogen that has been used as a hormonal antineoplastic agent.
MSH

A synthetic hydrogenated derivative of diethylstilbestrol (DES). Hexestrol exhibits strong affinity for estrogen receptors that are overexpressed in some types of cancers. When conjugated with a neoplastic drug, hexestrol may selectively concentrate the cytotoxic agent in estrogen receptor-rich tumors. This agent may also be mutagenic. (NCI04)
NCI

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pankuronium

A bis-quaternary steroid that is a competitive nicotinic antagonist. As a neuromuscular blocking agent it is more potent than CURARE but has less effect on the circulatory system and on histamine release.
MSH

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kamptothecin

An alkaloid isolated from the stem wood of the Chinese tree, Camptotheca acuminata. This compound selectively inhibits the nuclear enzyme DNA TOPOISOMERASES, TYPE I. Several semisynthetic analogs of camptothecin have demonstrated antitumor activity.
MSH

alkaloid isolated from the stem wood of the Chinese tree, Camptotheca acuminata; this compound selectively inhibits the nuclear enzyme DNA topoisomerase type I; several semisynthetic analogs of camptothecin have demonstrated antitumor activity.
CSP

An anticancer drug that belongs to the family of drugs called topoisomerase inhibitors.
NCI

An alkaloid isolated from the Chinese tree Camptotheca acuminata, with antineoplastic activity. During the S phase of the cell cycle, camptothecin selectively stabilizes topoisomerase I-DNA covalent complexes, thereby inhibiting religation of topoisomerase I-mediated single-strand DNA breaks and producing potentially lethal double-strand DNA breaks when encountered by the DNA replication machinery. (NCI)
NCI

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hořčičné sloučeniny

Strong alkylating and immunosuppressive agents whose biological activity is based on the presence of bis(2-chloroethyl)- groups. Although otherwise structurally diverse, the compounds have in common the capacity to contribute alkyl groups to DNA. They are generally highly toxic but include among their number many widely used and effective antineoplastic agents.
MSH

strong alkylating and immunosuppressive agents whose biological activity is based on the presence of bis(2-chloroethyl)- groups; although structurally diverse, the compounds have in common the capacity to contribute alkyl groups to DNA; they are generally highly toxic but include among their number many widely used and effective antineoplastic agents; use this term to cover the chemical warfare agent mustard gas.
CSP

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situs inversus

A congenital abnormality in which organs in the THORAX and the ABDOMEN are opposite to their normal positions (situs solitus) due to lateral transposition. Normally the STOMACH and SPLEEN are on the left, LIVER on the right, the three-lobed right lung is on the right, and the two-lobed left lung on the left. Situs inversus has a familial pattern and has been associated with a number of genes related to microtubule-associated proteins.
MSH

A congenital condition in which there is complete right-to-left reversal of the position of the major thoracic and abdominal organs (that is, they are arranged in a mirror image of the normal positioning).
NCI

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zesilovače transkripce

cis-acting DNA sequences which can increase transcription of genes; enhancers can usually function in either orientation and at various distances from a promoter.
CSP

Cis-acting DNA sequences which can increase transcription of genes. Enhancers can usually function in either orientation and at various distances from a promoter.
MSH

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kyčel – fraktury

Fractures of the FEMUR HEAD; the FEMUR NECK; (FEMORAL NECK FRACTURES); the trochanters; or the inter- or subtrochanteric region. Excludes fractures of the acetabulum and fractures of the femoral shaft below the subtrochanteric region (FEMORAL FRACTURES).
MSH

breaks or rupture in bones or cartilages of the hip; for fractures of the femoral shaft below the subtrochanteric region use LIMB FRACTURE.
CSP

A finding of traumatic injury to the hip in which the continuity of either the femoral head, femoral neck, intertrochanteric or subtrochanteric regions is broken.
NCI

Traumatic or pathological injury to the hip in which the continuity of either the femoral head, femoral neck, intertrochanteric or subtrochanteric regions is broken. Symptoms include pain in the hip or groin, bruising and swelling in and around the hip area. The injured hip is turned outward and the leg appears shorter on that side.
NCI

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parabióza

The experimental joining of two individuals for the purpose of studying the effects of one on the other.
MSH

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kapilární permeabilita

The property of blood capillary ENDOTHELIUM that allows for the selective exchange of substances between the blood and surrounding tissues and through membranous barriers such as the BLOOD-AIR BARRIER; BLOOD-AQUEOUS BARRIER; BLOOD-BRAIN BARRIER; BLOOD-NERVE BARRIER; BLOOD-RETINAL BARRIER; and BLOOD-TESTIS BARRIER. Small lipid-soluble molecules such as carbon dioxide and oxygen move freely by diffusion. Water and water-soluble molecules cannot pass through the endothelial walls and are dependent on microscopic pores. These pores show narrow areas (TIGHT JUNCTIONS) which may limit large molecule movement.
MSH

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Mycoplasmatales

order of highly pleomorphic, gram negative bacteria including both pathogenic and saprophytic species.
CSP

An order of highly pleomorphic, gram-negative bacteria including both pathogenic and saprophytic species.
MSH

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