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mínění

The process of discovering or asserting an objective or intrinsic relation between two objects or concepts; a faculty or power that enables a person to make judgments; the process of bringing to light and asserting the implicit meaning of a concept; a critical evaluation of a person or situation.
MSH

process of discovering or asserting an objective or intrinsic relation between two objects or concepts; a faculty or power that enables a person to make judgments; the process of bringing to light and asserting the implicit meaning of a concept; a critical evaluation of a person or situation.
CSP

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difenhydramin

A histamine H1 antagonist used as an antiemetic, antitussive, for dermatoses and pruritus, for hypersensitivity reactions, as a hypnotic, an antiparkinson, and as an ingredient in common cold preparations. It has some undesired antimuscarinic and sedative effects.
MSH

histamine H1 antagonist used as an antiemetic, antitussive, for dermatoses and pruritus, for hypersensitivity reactions, as a hypnotic, an antiparkinson, and as an ingredient in common cold preparations; it has some undesired antimuscarinic and sedative effects.
CSP

A first generation antihistamine and ethanolamine with sedative and anti-allergic properties. Diphenhydramine competitively inhibits the histamine-1 (H1) receptor, thereby alleviating the symptoms caused by endogenous histamine on bronchial, capillary and gastrointestinal smooth muscles. This prevents histamine-induced bronchoconstriction, vasodilation, increased capillary permeability, and GI smooth muscle spasms.
NCI

a drug used to treat allergy symptoms
CHV

A drug used to treat allergies and relieve cough and itching caused by insect bites, sunburn, and poison oak or ivy. It is also used to treat mild Parkinson disease, to prevent and treat motion sickness, to relieve cough and cold symptoms, and as a sleep aid. It is a type of antihistamine.
NCI

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chymosin

The predominant milk-clotting enzyme from the true stomach or abomasum of the suckling calf. It is secreted as an inactive precursor called prorennin and converted in the acid environment of the stomach to the active enzyme. EC 3.4.23.4.
MSH

do not confuse with RENIN, EC 3.4.23.15.
CSP

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evokované potenciály sluchové

The electric response evoked in the CEREBRAL CORTEX by ACOUSTIC STIMULATION or stimulation of the AUDITORY PATHWAYS.
MSH

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berberinové alkaloidy

A group of related plant alkaloids that contain the BERBERINE heterocyclic ring structure.
MSH

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androgeny

Compounds that interact with ANDROGEN RECEPTORS in target tissues to bring about the effects similar to those of TESTOSTERONE. Depending on the target tissues, androgenic effects can be on SEX DIFFERENTIATION; male reproductive organs, SPERMATOGENESIS; secondary male SEX CHARACTERISTICS; LIBIDO; development of muscle mass, strength, and power.
MSH

compounds that interact with androgen receptors in target tissues to bring about the effects similar to those of testosterone; depending on the target tissues, androgenic effects can be on sexual differentiation, male reproductive organs, spermtogenesis, secondary male sex characteristics, libido, development of muscle mass, strength, and power.
CSP

A type of hormone that promotes the development and maintenance of male sex characteristics.
NCI

a kind of male sex hormone
CHV

A class of sex hormones associated with the development and maintenance of the secondary male sex characteristics, sperm induction, and sexual differentiation. In addition to increasing virility and libido, they also increase nitrogen and water retention and stimulate skeletal growth. (MeSH)
NCI

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keratansulfát

A sulfated mucopolysaccharide initially isolated from bovine cornea. At least two types are known. Type I, found mostly in the cornea, contains D-galactose and D-glucosamine-6-O-sulfate as the repeating unit; type II, found in skeletal tissues, contains D-galactose and D-galactosamine-6-O-sulfate as the repeating unit.
MSH

poly(galactose-N-acetylglucosamine sulfate), an important component of the proteoglycan of cartilage and other tissues.
CSP

A glycosaminoglycan (a type of polysaccharide) found in cartilage and in the cornea of the eye.
NCI

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Body Fluid Discharge

body substance
CHV

In medicine, a fluid that comes out of the body. Discharge can be normal or a sign of disease. Discharge also means release of a patient from care.
NCI

The pouring forth of a fluid.
NCI

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stěhování obyvatelstva a migrace

Frequent change of residence, either in the same city or town, or between cities, states or communities.
MSH

change of residence, either in the same city or town, or between cities, states or communities.
CSP

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výdaje na zdravotnictví

The amounts spent by individuals, groups, nations, or private or public organizations for total health care and/or its various components. These amounts may or may not be equivalent to the actual costs (HEALTH CARE COSTS) and may or may not be shared among the patient, insurers, and/or employers.
MSH

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betaxolol

A cardioselective beta-1-adrenergic antagonist with no partial agonist activity.
MSH

A racemic mixture and selective beta-1 adrenergic receptor antagonist with antihypertensive and anti-glaucoma activities and devoid of intrinsic sympathomimetic activity. Betaxolol selectively and competitively binds to and blocks beta-1 adrenergic receptors in the heart, thereby decreasing cardiac contractility and rate. This leads to a reduction in cardiac output and lowers blood pressure. When applied topically in the eye, this agent reduces aqueous humor secretion and lowers the intraocular pressure (IOP). In addition, betaxolol prevents the release of renin, a hormone secreted by the kidneys that causes constriction of blood vessels.
NCI

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ketony

functional group of an organic compound in which a carbon atom is double-bonded to an oxygen; neither of the other substituents attached to the carbon can be a hydrogen.
CSP

A type of chemical substance used in perfumes, paints, solvents, and found in essential oils (scented liquid taken from plants). Ketones are also made by the body when there is not enough insulin.
NCI

Organic compounds with a carbonyl group (C=O) bonded to two other carbon atoms as the skeleton structure. Acetone is the simplest ketone compound.
NCI

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District of Columbia

A federal area located between Maryland and Virginia on the Potomac river; it is coextensive with Washington, D.C., which is the capital of the United States.
MSH

The area in the United States comprised of a 68 square mile area northeast of the Potomac River donated by the state of Maryland. The District of Columbia, also known as D.C., is not a state, nor is it part of any state. It is a “federal district” established by the US Constitution as the seat of government. The district is occupied entirely by the city of Washington. (from SEERS 2004 codeset)
NCI

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péče nemocniční přerušovaná o dlouhodobě nemocné

Patient care provided in the home or institution intermittently in order to provide temporary relief to the family home care giver.
MSH

Temporary care given to a person who is unable to care for himself or herself so that the usual caregivers can have a break. Respite care may include in-home care, adult daycare, or nursing home care.
NCI

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oční nemoci

Diseases affecting the eye.
MSH

impairment of health or a condition of abnormal functioning of the organ of sight.
CSP

Any deviation from the normal structure or function of the eye that is manifested by a characteristic set of symptoms and signs. (NCI)
NCI

Some eye problems are minor and fleeting. But some lead to a permanent loss of vision. Common eye problems include

  • Cataracts – clouded lenses
  • Glaucoma – damage to the optic nerve from too much pressure in the eye
  • Retinal disorders – problems with the nerve layer at the back of the eye
  • Conjunctivitis – an infection also known as pinkeye

Your best defense is to have regular checkups, because eye diseases do not always have symptoms. Early detection and treatment could prevent vision loss. See an eye care professional right away if you have a sudden change in vision or everything looks dim or if you see flashes of light. Other symptoms that need quick attention are pain, double vision, fluid coming from the eye and inflammation.

NIH: National Eye Institute


MEDLINEPLUS

Any deviation from the normal structure or function of the eye that is manifested by a characteristic set of symptoms and signs.
NCI

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dyskineze žlučových cest

A motility disorder characterized by biliary COLIC, absence of GALLSTONES, and an abnormal GALLBLADDER ejection fraction. It is caused by gallbladder dyskinesia and/or SPHINCTER OF ODDI DYSFUNCTION.
MSH

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křemelina

A form of SILICON DIOXIDE composed of skeletons of prehistoric aquatic plants which is used for its ABSORPTION quality, taking up 1.5-4 times its weight in water. The microscopic sharp edges are useful for insect control but can also be an inhalation hazard. It has been used in baked goods and animal feed. Kieselguhr is German for flint + earthy sediment.
MSH

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transpozibilní elementy DNA

Discrete segments of DNA which can excise and reintegrate to another site in the genome. Most are inactive, i.e., have not been found to exist outside the integrated state. DNA transposable elements include bacterial IS (insertion sequence) elements, Tn elements, the maize controlling elements Ac and Ds, Drosophila P, gypsy, and pogo elements, the human Tigger elements and the Tc and mariner elements which are found throughout the animal kingdom.
MSH

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vena retinalis – okluze

Blockage of the RETINAL VEIN. Those at high risk for this condition include patients with HYPERTENSION; DIABETES MELLITUS; ATHEROSCLEROSIS; and other CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASES.
MSH

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AURPEGIKO MINA

Pain in the facial region including orofacial pain and craniofacial pain. Associated conditions include local inflammatory and neoplastic disorders and neuralgic syndromes involving the trigeminal, facial, and glossopharyngeal nerves. Conditions which feature recurrent or persistent facial pain as the primary manifestation of disease are referred to as FACIAL PAIN SYNDROMES.
MSH

Painful sensation in the face.
NCI

A disorder characterized by a sensation of marked discomfort in the face.
NCI

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biologická dostupnost

The extent to which the active ingredient of a drug dosage form becomes available at the site of drug action or in a biological medium believed to reflect accessibility to a site of action.
MSH

The rate and extent to which the active ingredient or active moiety is absorbed from a drug product and becomes available at the site of action. For drug products that are not intended to be absorbed into the bloodstream, bioavailability may be assessed by measurements intended to reflect the rate and extent to which the active ingredient or active moiety becomes available at the site of action (21CFR320.1).
NCI

the amount of drug that reaches the blood after it has been administered
CHV

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Korea

Former kingdom, located on Korea Peninsula between Sea of Japan and Yellow Sea on east coast of Asia. In 1948, the kingdom ceased and two independent countries were formed, divided by the 38th parallel.
MSH

Description:Realm code for use of Korea


HL7V3.0

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proteiny vážící DNA

Proteins which bind to DNA. The family includes proteins which bind to both double- and single-stranded DNA and also includes specific DNA binding proteins in serum which can be used as markers for malignant diseases.
MSH

diverse group of viral and genetic regulatory proteins which bind in a sequence-specific manner to DNA, and share common structural motifs such as the “zinc-finger,” “helix-turn-helix,” and “leucine zipper.”
CSP

Proteins that non-covalently interact with deoxyribonucleic acid as a result of intermolecular physical forces and spatial complementarity. Many genetic regulatory DNA binding proteins bind to double- or single-stranded DNA in a sequence-specific manner and share common structural motifs such as the zinc-finger, helix-turn-helix, and leucine zipper.
NCI

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Rhabdiasoidea

A superfamily of intestinal nematode parasites containing one genus, STRONGYLOIDES, and several species. It is transmitted through fecal material onto the skin and occurs in animals and humans.
MSH

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fakulta ošetřovatelská

The teaching staff and members of the administrative staff having academic rank in a nursing school.
MSH

Nurse educators are registered nurses prepared at the graduate or doctoral level who prepare students for nursing practice at a variety of levels, including entry level, continuing education, advanced practice, and specialty practice. Nurse educators work in various settings, including colleges/universities, community colleges, hospitals, nursing homes, private practice, etc.
NCI

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bioformation

Used for the anabolic formation of chemical substances in organisms, in living cells, or by subcellular fractions.
MSH

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porodní děj – předčasný nástup

onset of labor before term but after the fetus has become viable, in humans usually sometime between the 20th and 37th week of gestation.
CSP

Ouster of a viable infant before the normal end of gestation, commonly defined as interruption of pregnancy between the twentieth-thirty seventh completed weeks after the onset of the last menstrual cycle.
NCI

A disorder characterized by delivery of a viable infant before the normal end of gestation. Typically, viability is achievable between the twentieth and thirty-seventh week of gestation.
NCI

Onset of OBSTETRIC LABOR before term (TERM BIRTH) but usually after the FETUS has become viable. In humans, it occurs sometime during the 29th through 38th week of PREGNANCY. TOCOLYSIS inhibits premature labor and can prevent the BIRTH of premature infants (INFANT, PREMATURE).
MSH

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dvojitá slepá metoda

A method of studying a drug or procedure in which both the subjects and investigators are kept unaware of who is actually getting which specific treatment.
MSH

A clinical trial in which the medical staff, the patient, and the people who analyze the results do not know the specific type of treatment the patient receives until after the clinical trial is over.
NCI

A study in which neither the subject nor the investigator nor the research team interacting with the subject or data during the trial knows what treatment a subject is receiving. (CDISC glossary)
NCI

A method of studying a drug or procedure in which both the subjects and investigators are kept unaware of who is actually getting which specific treatment. (MSH2001)
NCI

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rhodaminy

A family of 3,6-di(substituted-amino)-9-benzoate derivatives of xanthene that are used as dyes and as indicators for various metals; also used as fluorescent tracers in histochemistry.
MSH

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Fasciolidae

A family of flukes of the class Trematoda occurring primarily in the liver of animals and man. There are six genera: Fasciola, Fasciolopsis, Fascioloides, Tenuifasciola, Parafasciolopsis, and Protofasciola. The adult form of Fasciolopsis occurs in the intestines of pigs and man.
MSH

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