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Antibiotics, Aminoglycoside

any of a group of antibiotics derived from various species of Streptomyces or produced synthetically; they inhibit protein synthesis by binding with the 30S ribosomal subunit.
CSP

A family of antibiotics that works against many types of bacteria and includes streptomycin, gentamicin, and neomycin. Aminoglycosides are used to treat bacterial infections.
NCI

A broad spectrum antibiotic family derived from Streptomyces containing aminoglycosides that bind to bacterial ribosomes, inhibiting protein synthesis.
NCI

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parafilie

Disorders that include recurrent, intense sexually arousing fantasies, sexual urges, or behaviors generally involving nonhuman objects, suffering of oneself or partners, or children or other nonconsenting partners. (from DSM-IV, 1994)
MSH

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morfin – deriváty

Analogs or derivatives of morphine.
MSH

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heparitinsulfát

A heteropolysaccharide that is similar in structure to HEPARIN. It accumulates in individuals with MUCOPOLYSACCHARIDOSIS.
MSH

similar to heparin but with some L-iduronic acid residues.
CSP

Heparitin Sulfate. A glycosaminoglycan, structurally similar to heparin but with more N-acetyl groups and fewer O- and N-sulfate groups. Occurs in the liver, aorta, and lung. Accumulates in several mucopolysaccharidoses.
NCI

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cyklické N-oxidy

Heterocyclic compounds in which an oxygen is attached to a cyclic nitrogen.
MSH

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sociální chování

Any behavior caused by or affecting another individual, usually of the same species.
MSH

behavior affecting or in response to other individuals, usually of the same species.
CSP

Behavior that occurs predominantly, or only, in individuals that are part of a group. [PMID:12848939]
GO

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obstipancia

Miscellaneous agents found useful in the symptomatic treatment of diarrhea. They have no effect on the agent(s) that cause diarrhea, but merely alleviate the condition.
MSH

A substance used to treat diarrhea (frequent and watery bowel movements).
NCI

Miscellaneous agents found useful in the symptomatic treatment of diarrhea. They have no effect on the agent(s) that cause diarrhea, but merely alleviate the condition. (MeSH)
NCI

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parestézie

Subjective cutaneous sensations (e.g., cold, warmth, tingling, pressure, etc.) that are experienced spontaneously in the absence of stimulation.
MSH

A disorder characterized by functional disturbances of sensory neurons resulting in abnormal cutaneous sensations of tingling, numbness, pressure, cold, and warmth that are experienced in the absence of a stimulus.
NCI

Abnormal touch sensations, such as burning or prickling, that occur without an outside stimulus.
NCI

Abnormal cutaneous sensations of tingling, numbness, pressure, cold, and warmth that an individual experiences without the presence of a stimulus. It results from functional disturbances of sensory neurons. Causes include peripheral vascular disease, peripheral neuropathy, and nerve damage.
NCI

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virus myší leukémie

Species of GAMMARETROVIRUS, containing many well-defined strains, producing leukemia in mice. Disease is commonly induced by injecting filtrates of propagable tumors into newborn mice.
MSH

species of gammaretrovirus, containing many well defined strains, producing leukemia in mice; latent viruses whose properties differ after they have become fixed viruses; can be split into 2 types, thymic and splenic.
CSP

Type C retroviruses that cause leukemia in mice. Includes the Abelson, AKR, Friend, Moloney, Gross, and other leukemia viruses.
NCI

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HEPATOMEGALIA

Enlargement of the liver.
MSH

Enlarged liver.
NCI

Abnormal enlargement of the liver.
NCI

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cyproheptadin

A serotonin antagonist and a histamine H1 blocker used as antipruritic, appetite stimulant, antiallergic, and for the post-gastrectomy dumping syndrome, etc.
MSH

serotonin antagonist and histamine H1 blocker used as an antipruritic, appetite stimulant, antiallergic, and to treat the post-gastrectomy dumping syndrome.
CSP

A drug that is used to treat asthma, allergies, and colds, and to relieve itching caused by certain skin disorders. It has also been used to stimulate appetite and weight gain, and is being studied in the treatment of weight loss caused by cancer and its treatment. Cyproheptadine belongs to the family of drugs called antihistamines.
NCI

The hydrochloride salt of a synthetic methyl-piperidine derivative with antihistaminic and anti-serotoninergic properties. Cyproheptadine competes with free histamine (HA) for binding at HA-receptor sites, thereby competitively antagonizing histamine stimulation of HA-receptors in the gastrointestinal tract, large blood vessels, and bronchial smooth muscle. This agent also competes with free serotonin for binding at serotonin receptor sites. Cyproheptadine exhibits anticholinergic and sedative properties and has been shown to stimulate appetite and weight gain. Check for “http://www.cancer.gov/Search/ClinicalTrialsLink.aspx?id=315774&idtype=1″ active clinical trials or “http://www.cancer.gov/Search/ClinicalTrialsLink.aspx?id=315774&idtype=1&closed=1″ closed clinical trials using this agent. (“http://nciterms.nci.nih.gov:80/NCIBrowser/ConceptReport.jsp?dictionary=NCI_Thesaurus&code=C28949″ NCI Thesaurus)
PDQ

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socialismus

A system of government in which means of production and distribution of goods are controlled by the state.
MSH

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antigeny virové nádorové

Those proteins recognized by antibodies from serum of animals bearing tumors induced by viruses; these proteins are presumably coded for by the nucleic acids of the same viruses that caused the neoplastic transformation.
MSH

Proteins encoded by the genomes of specific DNA tumor viruses that are associated with the neoplastic transformation of infected cells. T-antigens stimulate the production of antibodies and are immunogenic.
NCI

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pasivně-agresivní osobnost

A personality disorder characterized by an indirect resistance to demands for adequate social and occupational performance; anger and opposition to authority and the expectations of others that is expressed covertly by obstructionism, procrastination, stubbornness, dawdling, forgetfulness, and intentional inefficiency. (Dorland, 27th ed)
MSH

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mukoproteiny

Conjugated proteins in which mucopolysaccharides are combined with proteins. The mucopolysaccharide moiety is the predominant group with the protein making up only a small percentage of the total weight.
MSH

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ZOSTER HERPESA

An acute infectious, usually self-limited, disease believed to represent activation of latent varicella-zoster virus (HERPESVIRUS 3, HUMAN) in those who have been rendered partially immune after a previous attack of CHICKENPOX. It involves the SENSORY GANGLIA and their areas of innervation and is characterized by severe neuralgic pain along the distribution of the affected nerve and crops of clustered vesicles over the area. (From Dorland, 27th ed)
MSH

acute infectious, usually self-limited, disease believed to represent activation of latent varicella zoster virus in those who have been rendered partially immune after a previous attack of chickenpox; it involves the sensory ganglia and their areas of innervation and is characterized by severe neuralgic pain along the distribution of the affected nerve and crops of clustered vesicles over the area.
CSP

A common dermal and neurologic disorder caused by reactivation of the varicella-zoster virus that has remained dormant within dorsal root ganglia, often for decades, after the patient`s initial exposure to the virus in the form of varicella (chickenpox). It is characterized by severe neuralgic pain along the distribution of the affected nerve and crops of clustered vesicles over the area.
NCI

Shingles is a disease caused by the varicella-zoster virus – the same virus that causes chickenpox. After you have chickenpox, the virus stays in your body. It may not cause problems for many years. As you get older, the virus may reappear as shingles. Unlike chickenpox, you can`t catch shingles from someone who has it.

Early signs of shingles include burning or shooting pain and tingling or itching, usually on one side of the body or face. The pain can be mild to severe. Blisters then form and last from one to 14 days. If shingles appears on your face, it may affect your vision or hearing. The pain of shingles may last for weeks, months or even years after the blisters have healed.

There is no cure for shingles. Early treatment with medicines that fight the virus may help. These medicines may also help prevent lingering pain. A vaccine may prevent shingles or lessen its effects. The vaccine is for people 60 or over.

NIH: National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases


MEDLINEPLUS

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cystosarcoma phyllodes

A type of connective tissue neoplasm typically arising from intralobular stroma of the breast. It is characterized by the rapid enlargement of an asymmetric firm mobile mass. Histologically, its leaf-like stromal clefts are lined by EPITHELIAL CELLS. Rare phyllodes tumor of the prostate is also known.
MSH

A type of tumor found in breast or prostate tissue. It is often large and bulky and grows quickly. It may be benign (not cancer) or malignant (cancer) and may spread to other parts of the body.
NCI

A benign, borderline, or malignant fibroepithelial neoplasm arising from the breast and rarely the prostate gland. It may recur following resection. The recurrence rates are higher for borderline and malignant phyllodes tumors. In borderline and malignant phyllodes tumors metastases to distant anatomic sites can occur. The incidence of metastases is higher in malignant phyllodes tumors.
NCI

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Sodium Iothalamate

The sodium salt form of iothalamate, an organic iodine compound and a radiographic contrast medium. Iothalamate sodium blocks x-rays as they pass through the body, thereby allowing body structures not containing iodine to be visualized. The degree of opacity produced by iothalamate sodium is directly proportional to the total amount of the iodinated contrast agent in the path of the x-rays. The visualization of body structures is dependent upon the distribution and elimination of iothalamate sodium. (NCI05)
NCI

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asociální osobnost

A personality disorder whose essential feature is a pervasive pattern of disregard for, and violation of, the rights of others that begins in childhood or early adolescence and continues into adulthood. The individual must be at least age 18 and must have a history of some symptoms of CONDUCT DISORDER before age 15. (From DSM-IV, 1994)
MSH

personality disorder whose essential feature is a pervasive pattern of disregard for, and violation of, the rights of others through aggressive, antisocial behavior, without remorse or loyalty to anyone.
CSP

A disorder characterized by a pervasive pattern of disregard for and violation of the rights of others that is manifested in childhood or early adolescence. (adapted from DSM-IV)
NCI

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pacienti – identifikační systémy

Organized procedures for establishing patient identity, including use of bracelets, etc.
MSH

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Muscidae

includes many common flies, some of which are important pests; larvae breed in filth or decaying vegetation.
CSP

A family of the order DIPTERA with over 700 species. Important species that may be mechanical vectors of disease include Musca domesticus (HOUSEFLIES), Musca autumnalis (face fly), Stomoxys calcitrans (stable fly), Haematobia irritans (horn fly) and Fannia spp.
MSH

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hexokinasa

An enzyme that catalyzes the conversion of ATP and a D-hexose to ADP and a D-hexose 6-phosphate. D-Glucose, D-mannose, D-fructose, sorbitol, and D-glucosamine can act as acceptors; ITP and dATP can act as donors. The liver isoenzyme has sometimes been called glucokinase. (From Enzyme Nomenclature, 1992) EC 2.7.1.1.
MSH

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keratin-18

A type I keratin found associated with KERATIN-8 in simple, or predominately single layered, internal epithelia.
MSH

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Somálsko

Somalia is located on the east coast of Africa on and north of the Equator and, with Ethiopia, Eritrea, Djibouti, and Kenya, is often referred to as the Horn of Africa. It comprises Italy`s former Trust Territory of Somalia and the former British Protectorate of Somaliland. The capital is Mogadishu.
MSH

A country in Eastern Africa, bordering the Gulf of Aden and the Indian Ocean, east of Ethiopia. (NCI)
NCI

A country in Eastern Africa, bordering the Gulf of Aden and the Indian Ocean, east of Ethiopia. (CIA World Factbook 2002)
NCI

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aorta – ruptura

The tearing or bursting of the wall along any portion of the AORTA, such as thoracic or abdominal. It may result from the rupture of an aneurysm or it may be due to TRAUMA.
MSH

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posudkové řízení

An organized procedure carried out by a select committee of professionals in evaluating the performance of other professionals in meeting the standards of their specialty. Review by peers is used by editors in the evaluation of articles and other papers submitted for publication. Peer review is used also in the evaluation of grant applications. It is applied also in evaluating the quality of health care provided to patients.
MSH

The process by which original articles and grants written by researchers are evaluated for technical and scientific quality and correctness by other experts in the same field.
NCI

A scholarly process that subjects an author`s work or ideas to the scrutiny of one or more others who are experts in the field. These referees each return an evaluation of the work, including suggestions for improvement. Evaluations usually include an explicit recommendation of what to do with the manuscript or proposal. A chief rationale for peer review is that rarely is just one person, or one closely working group, able to spot every mistake or weakness in a complicated piece of work. This is not necessarily because these deficiencies represent needles in a haystack, but because in a new and creative and perhaps eclectic intellectual product, any one of these opportunities for improvement may stand out only to someone with a particular expertise and/or history of experience. Therefore showing a work to various others increases the probability that the weakness will be identified and fixed.
NCI

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mutace

Any detectable and heritable change in the genetic material that causes a change in the GENOTYPE and which is transmitted to daughter cells and to succeeding generations.
MSH

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hipokampus

A curved elevation of gray matter extending the entire length of the floor of the temporal horn of the lateral ventricle. The hippocampus, subiculum, and DENTATE GYRUS constitute the hippocampal formation. Sometimes authors include the ENTORHINAL CORTEX in the hippocampal formation.
MSH

a layer of gray matter lying along the floor of the lateral ventricle of the brain, comprised of cholinergic and possibly glutamatergic fibers, believed to be the critical brain structure underlying learning and memory.
CSP

a kind of brain structure
CHV

A curved gray matter structure of the temporal lobe lying on the floor of the lateral ventricle of the brain.
NCI

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dakryocystitida

Inflammation of the lacrimal sac. (Dorland, 27th ed)
MSH

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prostor – percepce

The awareness of the spatial properties of objects; includes physical space.
MSH

awareness of the spatial properties of objects; includes physical space.
CSP

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