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arteriae cerebrales – nemoci

Pathological conditions of intracranial ARTERIES supplying the CEREBRUM. These diseases often are due to abnormalities or pathological processes in the ANTERIOR CEREBRAL ARTERY; MIDDLE CEREBRAL ARTERY; and POSTERIOR CEREBRAL ARTERY.
MSH

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spánek

A readily reversible suspension of sensorimotor interaction with the environment, usually associated with recumbency and immobility.
MSH

period of rest for the body and mind during which volition and consciousness are in partial or complete abeyance and bodily functions are partially suspended; a behavioral state marked by a characteristic immobile posture and diminished but readily reversible sensitivity to external stimuli.
CSP

Any process in which an organism enters and maintains a periodic, readily reversible state of reduced awareness and metabolic activity. Usually accompanied by physical relaxation, the onset of sleep in humans and other mammals is marked by a change in the electrical activity of the brain. [ISBN:0192800981]
GO

A natural and periodic state of rest during which consciousness of the world is suspended. (WordNet)
NCI

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výrobky pro domácnost

Substances or materials used in the course of housekeeping or personal routine.
MSH

You`d like to think your home is a safe place. Yet most people`s homes are filled with potentially dangerous substances. These include oven and drain cleaners, laundry powder, floor polish, paint and pesticides. Even arts and crafts supplies and yard care products can be hazardous.

Many household products can harm children, pets and the environment if not used and stored correctly. Toxic substances in these products can cause harm if inhaled, swallowed or absorbed through the skin. People respond to toxic substances in different ways. At high doses a toxic substance might cause birth defects or other serious problems, including brain damage or death.

To avoid problems, keep products in the containers they come in and use them exactly as the label says. Seek medical help if you swallow, inhale or get products on your skin.


MEDLINEPLUS

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neštovice pravé – vakcína

A live VACCINIA VIRUS vaccine of calf lymph or chick embryo origin, used for immunization against smallpox. It is now recommended only for laboratory workers exposed to smallpox virus. Certain countries continue to vaccinate those in the military service. Complications that result from smallpox vaccination include vaccinia, secondary bacterial infections, and encephalomyelitis. (Dorland, 28th ed)
MSH

frequently a live vaccinia virus vaccine of calf lymph or chick embryo origin, used for immunization against smallpox.
CSP

smallpox vaccine


HL7V3.0

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HTLV-I antigeny

Antigens associated with HUMAN T-LYMPHOTROPIC VIRUS 1.
MSH

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zvířata – nemoci parazitární

Infections or infestations with parasitic organisms. The infestation may be experimental or veterinary.
MSH

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Neomycin Sulfate

The sulfate salt form of neomycin, a broad spectrum aminoglycoside antibiotic derived from Streptomyces fradiae with antibacterial activity. Neomycin is an antibiotic complex consisting of 3 components: the two isomeric components B and C are the active components, and neomycin A is the minor component. Neomycin irreversibly binds to the 16S rRNA and S12 protein of the bacterial 30S ribosomal subunit. As a result, this agent interferes with the assembly of initiation complex between mRNA and the bacterial ribosome, thereby inhibiting the initiation of protein synthesis. In addition, neomycin induces misreading of the mRNA template and causes translational frameshift, thereby results in premature termination. This eventually leads to bacterial cell death.
NCI

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cervix uteri – inkompetence

One that is abnormally prone to dilate in the second trimester of pregnancy, resulting in premature expulsion of the fetus.
NCI

Incompetent UTERINE CERVIX is usually diagnosed in the second trimester of PREGNANCY. It is characterized by passive painless cervical dilation in the absence of UTERINE CONTRACTION; BLEEDING; INFECTION; and sometimes with the amniotic sac (AMNIOTIC MEMBRANE) bulging through the partially dilated cervix. Left untreated, this condition may lead to premature pregnancy loss, such as HABITUAL ABORTION.
MSH

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sociální prostředí

The aggregate of social and cultural institutions, forms, patterns, and processes that influence the life of an individual or community.
MSH

involving a combination of social and environmental factors.
CSP

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hydralazin

A direct-acting vasodilator that is used as an antihypertensive agent.
MSH

direct-acting vasodilator that is used as an antihypertensive.
CSP

A phthalazine derivative with antihypertensive effects. Hydralazine exerts its vasodilatory effects through modification of the contractile state of arterial vascular smooth muscle by altering intracellular calcium release, and interfering with smooth muscle cell calcium influx. This agent also causes inhibition of phosphorylation of myosin protein or chelation of trace metals required for smooth muscle contraction, thereby resulting in an increase in heart rate, stroke volume and cardiac output.
NCI

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paronychie

An inflammatory reaction involving the folds of the skin surrounding the fingernail. It is characterized by acute or chronic purulent, tender, and painful swellings of the tissues around the nail, caused by an abscess of the nail fold. The pathogenic yeast causing paronychia is most frequently Candida albicans. Saprophytic fungi may also be involved. The causative bacteria are usually Staphylococcus, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, or Streptococcus. (Andrews` Diseases of the Skin, 8th ed, p271)
MSH

An acute or chronic infection of the soft tissues around the nail. Symptoms include pain, tenderness, erythema, and swelling around the nail. Acute infection results from minor trauma to the fingertip and Staphylococcus aureus is usually the causative agent. Chronic infection is usually caused by Candida albicans.
NCI

A disorder characterized by an infectious process involving the soft tissues around the nail.
NCI

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nádory z cévní tkáně

Neoplasms composed of vascular tissue. This concept does not refer to neoplasms located in blood vessels.
MSH

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chelátotvorné látky

Chemicals that bind to and remove ions from solutions. Many chelating agents function through the formation of COORDINATION COMPLEXES with METALS.
MSH

organic chemicals that form coordination bonds with a central metal ion, used to chemically remove ions from solutions, medicinally against microorganisms, to treat metal poisoning and in chemotherapy protocols.
CSP

A chemical compound that binds tightly to metal ions. In medicine, chelating agents are used to remove toxic metals from the body. They are also being studied in the treatment of cancer.
NCI

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Sociologist

individual trained in the science dealing with social relations and phenomena.
CSP

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hydrolasy

Any member of the class of enzymes that catalyze the cleavage of the substrate and the addition of water to the resulting molecules, e.g., ESTERASES, glycosidases (GLYCOSIDE HYDROLASES), lipases, NUCLEOTIDASES, peptidases (PEPTIDE HYDROLASES), and phosphatases (PHOSPHORIC MONOESTER HYDROLASES). EC 3.
MSH

Enzymes (EC class 3) cleaving substrates with addition of H2O at the point of cleavage; e.g., esterases, phosphatases, nucleases, peptidases. SYN hydrolyzing enzymes.
NCI

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paternální deprivace

Prolonged separation of the offspring from the father.
MSH

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nervový růstový faktor

NERVE GROWTH FACTOR is the first of a series of neurotrophic factors that were found to influence the growth and differentiation of sympathetic and sensory neurons. It is comprised of alpha, beta, and gamma subunits. The beta subunit is responsible for its growth stimulating activity.
MSH

first of a series of neurotrophic factors that were found to influence the growth and differentiation of sympathetic and sensory neurons; comprised of alpha, beta, and gamma subunits; beta subunit is responsible for its growth stimulating activity.
CSP

A protein made by the body that causes certain nerve cells to grow and helps keep them alive.
NCI

Nerve growth factor. A peptide of 118 amino acids with both chemotropic and chemotrophic properties for sympathetic and sensory neurons. Found in a variety of peripheral tissues, NGF attracts neurites to the tissues by chemotropism, where they form synapses. NGF was the first of a family of nerve tropic factors to be discovered.
NCI

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Bolest hrudní stěny

Painful sensation in the chest wall region.
NCI

A disorder characterized by marked discomfort sensation in the chest wall region.
NCI

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tetradekansulfát sodný

An anionic surface-active agent used for its wetting properties in industry and used in medicine as an irritant and sclerosing agent for hemorrhoids and varicose veins.
MSH

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hydroxylace

Placing of a hydroxyl group on a compound in a position where one did not exist before. (Stedman, 26th ed)
MSH

adding a hydroxyl group to a compound in a new position.
CSP

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vzory – vizuální rozpoznávání

Mental process to visually perceive a critical number of facts (the pattern), such as characters, shapes, displays, or designs.
MSH

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neuroanatomie

Study of the anatomy of the nervous system as a specialty or discipline.
MSH

structure and relations of the parts of the nervous system.
CSP

A branch of medicine concerned with the anatomy of the nervous system.
NCI

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dětská psychologie

The study of normal and abnormal behavior of children.
MSH

study of normal and abnormal mental processes and behavior of children.
CSP

Developmental psychology research focusing on the childhood years.
NCI

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somnambulismus

A parasomnia characterized by a partial arousal that occurs during stage IV of non-REM sleep. Affected individuals exhibit semipurposeful behaviors such as ambulation and are difficult to fully awaken. Children are primarily affected, with a peak age range of 4-6 years.
MSH

A sleep disorder characterized by repeated episodes of rising from bed and walking about; while sleepwalking, the individual has a blank stare and can be awakened only with great difficulty. On awakening, the individual has amnesia for the episode.
NCI

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hypercementóza

A regressive change of teeth characterized by excessive development of secondary cementum on the tooth surface. It may occur on any part of the root, but the apical two-thirds are most commonly affected. (Dorland, 27th ed)
MSH

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pánev

The space or compartment surrounded by the pelvic girdle (bony pelvis). It is subdivided into the greater pelvis and LESSER PELVIS. The pelvic girdle is formed by the PELVIC BONES and SACRUM.
MSH

Subdivision of trunk, which is demarcated from the abdomen by the plane of the superior pelvic aperture, and from the perineum by the inferior surface of the pelvic diaphragm; together with the thorax, abdomen, and perineum, it constitutes the trunk. Examples: There is only one pelvis.
UWDA

inferior portion of the trunk of the body, bounded by the two hip bones, the sacrum and the coccyx.
CSP

The lower part of the abdomen, located between the hip bones.
NCI

Subdivision of abdomen, which is demarcated from the abdomen proper by the plane of the superior pelvic aperture, and from the perineum by the inferior surface of the pelvic diaphragm; together with the abdomen proper, it constitutes the abdomen. Examples: There is only one pelvis.
FMA

The bony, basin-shaped structure formed by the hipbones and the base of the backbone supporting the lower limbs in humans.
NCI

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neuronová plasticita

The capacity of the NERVOUS SYSTEM to change its reactivity as the result of successive activations.
MSH

ability of mature nerves and neurons to adapt their functional and morphological characteristics to environmental influences, such as during learning or compensation after loss.
CSP

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chloralosa

A derivative of CHLORAL HYDRATE that was used as a sedative but has been replaced by safer and more effective drugs. Its most common use is as a general anesthetic in animal experiments.
MSH

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spastická paraplegie dědičná

A group of inherited diseases that share similar phenotypes but are genetically diverse. Different genetic loci for autosomal recessive, autosomal dominant, and x-linked forms of hereditary spastic paraplegia have been identified. Clinically, patients present with slowly progressive distal limb weakness and lower extremity spasticity. Peripheral sensory neurons may be affected in the later stages of the disease. (J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry 1998 Jan;64(1):61-6; Curr Opin Neurol 1997 Aug;10(4):313-8)
MSH

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hyperprolaktinémie

Increased levels of PROLACTIN in the BLOOD, which may be associated with AMENORRHEA and GALACTORRHEA. Relatively common etiologies include PROLACTINOMA, medication effect, KIDNEY FAILURE, granulomatous diseases of the PITUITARY GLAND, and disorders which interfere with the hypothalamic inhibition of prolactin release. Ectopic (non-pituitary) production of prolactin may also occur. (From Joynt, Clinical Neurology, 1992, Ch36, pp77-8)
MSH

increased levels of prolactin in the blood, which may be associated with amenorrhea and galactorrhea; relatively common etiologies include prolactinoma, medication effect, kidney failure, granulomatous diseases of the pituitary gland, and disorders which interfere with the hypothalamic inhibition of prolactin release; ectopic (non-pituitary) production of prolactin may also occur.
CSP

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