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kyseliny erukové

cis-13-Docosenoic Acids. 22-Carbon monounsaturated, monocarboxylic acids.
MSH

A class of monounsaturated fatty acids with 22 carbons.
NCI

A monounsaturated very long-chain fatty acid with a 22-carbon backbone and a single double bond originating from either the 3rd, 7th, 9th, 11th or 17th positions from the methyl end.
NCI

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submitochondriální částice

The various filaments, granules, tubules or other inclusions within mitochondria.
MSH

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bornaská nemoc

An encephalomyelitis of horses, sheep and cattle caused by BORNA DISEASE VIRUS.
MSH

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erytrazma

A chronic bacterial infection of major folds of the skin, caused by Corynebacterium minutissimum.
MSH

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substantia nigra

The black substance in the ventral midbrain or the nucleus of cells containing the black substance. These cells produce DOPAMINE, an important neurotransmitter in regulation of the sensorimotor system and mood. The dark colored MELANIN is a by-product of dopamine synthesis.
MSH

layer of gray substance that separates the posterior parts of the cerebral peducles from the anterior parts.
CSP

Subdivision of the midbrain anterior to the midbrain tegmentum which contains darkly pigmented neurons.
FMA

A large cell mass extending forward, over the dorsal surface of the crus cerebri, from the rostral border of the pons into the subthalamic region. It is composed of a dorsal stratum of closely spaced pigmented cells, the pars compacta, and a larger ventral region of widely scattered cells, the pars reticulata. The pars compacta includes numerous cells that project forward to the striatum (caudate nucleus and putamen) and contain dopamine, which acts as the primary neurotransmitter at the synaptic endings. Other, apparently non-dopaminergic cells project to portions of the ventral nucleus of thalamus, the superior colliculus and reticular formation. The nigrostriatal projection is reciprocated by a striatonigral fiber system with multiple neurotransmitters, chief among which is gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA). The substantia nigra is involved in the metabolic disturbances associated with Parkinson`s disease and Huntington`s disease.
NCI

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botanika

The study of the origin, structure, development, growth, function, genetics, and reproduction of plants.
MSH

Botany; the branch of biology that studies plants.
NCI

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fotochemie

branch of chemistry which deals with the chemical properties or effects of visible or ultraviolet light.
CSP

The branch of chemistry that focuses on the changes that chemicals undergo when exposed to light.
NCI

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jodovaný olej

A preparation of oil that contains covalently bound IODINE. It is commonly used as a RADIOCONTRAST AGENT and as a suspension medium for CHEMOTHERAPEUTIC AGENTS.
MSH

A form of poppy seed oil that contains iodine. Ethiodized oil is given by injection and builds up in the blood and lymph vessels in tumors. It is used for imaging (taking pictures) of the salivary glands and the lymph system. It is also being studied in the imaging of other organs such as the liver, lung, stomach, and thyroid. It is a type of diagnostic imaging agent.
NCI

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Lokální edém

Swelling due to an excessive accumulation of fluid at a specific anatomic site.
NCI

A disorder characterized by swelling due to excessive fluid accumulation at a specific anatomic site.
NCI

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Eskimáci

The native people inhabiting the Arctic of northern Canada, Greenland, Alaska, or eastern Siberia. The two main groups referred to as Eskimo are the Yupik and Inuit. A third group, the Aleut, is related. In Canada and Greenland, the term Eskimo has fallen out of favor, as it is considered pejorative by the natives and has been replaced by the term Inuit.
NCI

An ethnic group inhabiting primarily arctic areas.
MSH

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sulfadimethoxin

A sulfanilamide that is used as an anti-infective agent.
MSH

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mozek – mapování

Imaging techniques used to colocalize sites of brain functions or physiological activity with brain structures.
MSH

delineating function in relation to anatomy in the brain.
CSP

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fyzioterapie (obor)

The auxiliary health profession which makes use of PHYSICAL THERAPY MODALITIES to prevent, correct, and alleviate movement dysfunction of anatomic or physiological origin.
MSH

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Írán

A country in the Middle East, bordering the Gulf of Oman, the Persian Gulf, and the Caspian Sea, between Iraq and Pakistan. (NCI)
NCI

A country in the Middle East, bordering the Gulf of Oman, the Persian Gulf, and the Caspian Sea, between Iraq and Pakistan. (CIA World Factbook 2002)
NCI

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výchova speciální

Education of the individual who markedly deviates intellectually, physically, socially, or emotionally from those considered to be normal, thus requiring special instruction.
MSH

instruction or education of the individual who markedly deviates intellectually, physically, socially, or emotionally from those considered to be normal, thus requiring special instruction; frequently intended to remedy, cure or improve an intellectual, physical, social, or emotional abnormality, however term is also used for those considered gifted or talented, thus the special education is to focus on those gifts or talents.
CSP

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estradiol

Generally refers to the 17-beta-isomer of estradiol, an aromatized C18 steroid with hydroxyl group at 3-beta- and 17-beta-position. Estradiol-17-beta is the most potent form of mammalian estrogenic steroids. In humans, it is produced primarily by the cyclic ovaries and the PLACENTA. It is also produced by the adipose tissue of men and postmenopausal women. The 17-alpha-isomer of estradiol binds weakly to estrogen receptors (RECEPTORS, ESTROGEN) and exhibits little estrogenic activity in estrogen-responsive tissues. Various isomers can be synthesized.
MSH

generally refers to the 17-beta-isomer of estradiol, an aromatized C18 steroid with hydroxyl group at 3-beta- and 17-beta-position; estradiol-17-beta is the most potent form of mammalian estrogenic steroids.
CSP

a steroid sex hormone
CHV

A form of the hormone estrogen.
NCI

A steroid sex hormone vital to the maintenance of fertility and secondary sexual characteristics in females. Typically esterified, estradiol derivatives are formulated for oral or parenteral administration. As the primary, most potent estrogen hormone produced by the ovaries, estradiol binds to and activates specific nuclear receptors. Estradiol exhibits mild anabolic and metabolic properties, and increases blood coagulability. Check for “http://www.cancer.gov/Search/ClinicalTrialsLink.aspx?id=39236&idtype=1″ active clinical trials or “http://www.cancer.gov/Search/ClinicalTrialsLink.aspx?id=39236&idtype=1&closed=1″ closed clinical trials using this agent. (“http://nciterms.nci.nih.gov:80/NCIBrowser/ConceptReport.jsp?dictionary=NCI_Thesaurus&code=C478″ NCI Thesaurus)
PDQ

The most potent form of the naturally occurring steroid sex hormone in humans, produced by ovary, placenta, testis, and in small amount by adrenal cortex. Estradiol binds to a specific intracellular estrogen receptor located in female organs, breasts, hypothalamus and pituitary. The receptor-ligand complex promotes gene expression necessary for the maintenance of fertility and secondary sexual characteristics in females. In addition, estradiol exhibits mild anabolic and metabolic properties, and increases blood coagulability. Estradiol, the principal intracellular human estrogen, is substantially more active at the cellular level than its metabolites, estrone and estriol.
NCI

A steroid sex hormone vital to the maintenance of fertility and secondary sexual characteristics in females. Typically esterified, estradiol derivatives are formulated for oral or parenteral administration. As the primary, most potent estrogen hormone produced by the ovaries, estradiol binds to and activates specific nuclear receptors. Estradiol exhibits mild anabolic and metabolic properties, and increases blood coagulability.
NCI

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siřičitany

Inorganic salts of sulfurous acid.
MSH

the anion or group SO3–.
CSP

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bromkresolová zeleň

An indicator and reagent. It has been used in serum albumin determinations and as a pH indicator.
MSH

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Pichia

Yeast-like ascomycetous fungi of the family Saccharomycetaceae, order SACCHAROMYCETALES isolated from exuded tree sap.
MSH

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isokarboxazid

An MAO inhibitor that is effective in the treatment of major depression, dysthymic disorder, and atypical depression. It also is useful in the treatment of panic disorder and the phobic disorders. (From AMA, Drug Evaluations Annual, 1994, p311)
MSH

A hydralazine and monoamine oxidase (MAO) inhibitor with antidepressant activity. Isocarboxazid blocks the breakdown (oxidative deamination) of biogenic amines by inhibiting MAO, thereby increasing the concentrations of norepinephrine and 5-hydroxytrytamine (5-HT) at central aminergic receptors. These neurotransmitters are involved in sustaining mood and emotions. The down-regulation of central beta-adrenergic and serotonergic receptors by chronic inhibition of MAO may also contribute to the antidepressant effects seen by isocarboxazid. (NCI05)
NCI

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ejakulace

The emission of SEMEN to the exterior, resulting from the contraction of muscles surrounding the male internal urogenital ducts.
MSH

The release of semen through the penis during orgasm. (NCI)
NCI

The release of semen through the penis during orgasm.
NCI

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ethylether

A mobile, very volatile, highly flammable liquid used as an inhalation anesthetic and as a solvent for waxes, fats, oils, perfumes, alkaloids, and gums. It is mildly irritating to skin and mucous membranes.
MSH

An organic compound in which two carbon atoms are linked through an oxygen atom (C-O-C). An ether may be a product of the condensation of alcohols. Ether also refers loosely to diethyl-ether, a colorless, volatile, highly inflammable liquid used in industry and biomedical research, and historically important as an anesthetic agent. In vivo, ether acts similarly to alcohol and chloroform, but its stimulant action on the heart is much more marked. Ether is a rapidly diffusible stimulant. (NCI04)
NCI

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syndrom arteria mesenterica superior

DUODENAL OBSTRUCTION by the superior mesenteric artery (MESENTERIC ARTERY, SUPERIOR) which travels in the root of the MESENTERY and crosses over the DUODENUM. The syndrome is characterized by the dilated proximal duodenum and STOMACH, bloating, ABDOMINAL CRAMPS, and VOMITING. Often it is observed in patient with body casts after spinal surgery.
MSH

A very rare syndrome characterized by compression of the third portion of the duodenum against the aorta. The compression is caused by the superior mesenteric artery. It results in complete or partial duodenal obstruction. Signs and symptoms include nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain and distention, failure to gain weight, and weight loss.
NCI

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bronchoalveolární laváž – tekutina

Washing liquid obtained from irrigation of the lung, including the BRONCHI and the PULMONARY ALVEOLI. It is generally used to assess biochemical, inflammatory, or infection status of the lung.
MSH

Fluid introduced into, and collected from, the lungs by a bronchoalveolar lavage procedure.
NCI

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piperonylbutoxid

An insecticide synergist, especially for pyrethroids and ROTENONE.
MSH

A synthetic derivative of benzodioxole and used as an insecticide synergist, Piperonyl Butoxide enhances the active properties of pyrethrin, pyrethroid, rotenone, and carbamate pesticide ingredients by inhibiting insect microsomal enzyme detoxification activity. It is toxic and suspected of causing anorexia, carcinogenesis, convulsions, and dermal irritation, as well as hepatic and renal damage. (NCI04)
NCI

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isotonická kontrakce

Muscle contraction with negligible change in the force of contraction but shortening of the distance between the origin and insertion.
MSH

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elektrolytová rovnováha

balance of fluid in the body fluid compartments; total body water, blood volume, extracellular space, intracellular space, etc., maintained by processes in the body that regulate the intake and excretion of water and electrolytes, particularly sodium and potassium.
CSP

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ethoxychin

Antioxidant; also a post-harvest dip to prevent scald on apples and pears.
MSH

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otologické chirurgické výkony

procedures performed on the ear, used in the treatment of disease, injuries, or deformities; includes surgeries on the external and internal ear.
CSP

Surgery performed on the external, middle, or internal ear.
MSH

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Bufonidae

The family of true toads belonging to the order Anura. The genera include Bufo, Ansonia, Nectophrynoides, and Atelopus.
MSH

tailess amphibian with a dry, warty skin; chiefly terrestrial, entering water only during breeding season; most common genus is Bufo.
CSP

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