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Immigratie

Migration into a foreign country to live permanently there.
NCI

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kloxacilin

A semi-synthetic antibiotic that is a chlorinated derivative of OXACILLIN.
MSH

A semisynthetic beta-lactamase resistant penicillin antibiotic with antibacterial activity. Cloxacillin binds to and inactivates penicillin-binding proteins (PBPs) located on the inner membrane of the bacterial cell wall, thereby preventing the cross-linkage of peptidoglycans, which are critical components of the bacterial cell wall. This leads to an interruption of the bacterial cell wall and causes bacterial cell lysis.
NCI

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norpregnatrieny

Pregnatrienes which have undergone ring contractions or are lacking carbon-18 or carbon-19.
MSH

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Rhodospirillum rubrum

Vibrio- to spiral-shaped phototrophic bacteria found in stagnant water and mud exposed to light.
MSH

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imunoglobuliny – těžké řetězce

A protein complex that consists of two heavy chains (gamma, alpha, delta, epsilon or mu). The larger of the two immunoglobulin chain types determines the immunoglobulin class (G, A, D, E or M, respectively). The heavy chain molecules exhibit the same structure and composition, which consists of constant, variable, and hypervariable regions.
NCI

The largest of polypeptide chains comprising immunoglobulins. They contain 450 to 600 amino acid residues per chain, and have molecular weights of 51-72 kDa.
MSH

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láčkovci – jedy

Venoms from jellyfish; CORALS; SEA ANEMONES; etc. They contain hemo-, cardio-, dermo- , and neuro-toxic substances and probably ENZYMES. They include palytoxin, sarcophine, and anthopleurine.
MSH

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rachitida

A condition caused by deficiency of VITAMIN D, especially in infancy and childhood, with disturbance of normal ossification.
MSH

disorder of calcium and phosphorus metabolism affecting bony structures, due to a variety of defects in vitamin D, calcium, and phosphorous homeostasis, including dietary deficiencies or malabsorption.
CSP

Rickets causes soft, weak bones in children. It usually occurs when they do not get enough vitamin D, which helps growing bones absorb important nutrients. Vitamin D comes from sunlight and food. Your skin produces vitamin D in response to the sun`s rays. Some foods also contain vitamin D, including fortified dairy products and cereals, and some kinds of fish. Your child might not get enough vitamin D if he or she

  • Has dark skin
  • Spends too little time outside
  • Has on sunscreen all the time when out of doors
  • Doesn`t eat foods containing vitamin D because of lactose intolerance or a strict vegetarian diet
  • Is breastfed without receiving vitamin D supplements
  • Can`t make or use vitamin D because of a medical disorder such as celiac disease

In addition to dietary rickets, children can get an inherited form of the disease.


MEDLINEPLUS

a condition caused by vitamin D deficiency
CHV

A condition in children in which bones become soft and deformed because they don`t have enough calcium and phosphorus. It is caused by not having enough vitamin D in the diet or by not getting enough sunlight. In adults, this condition is called osteomalacia.
NCI

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implozivní terapie

A method for extinguishing anxiety by a saturation exposure to the feared stimulus situation or its substitute.
MSH

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Notophthalmus viridescens

A species of newt in the Salamandridae family in which the larvae transform into terrestrial eft stage and later into an aquatic adult. They occur from Canada to southern United States. Viridescens refers to the greenish color often found in this species.
MSH

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kolifágy

Viruses whose host is Escherichia coli.
MSH

a phage isolated from E. coli.
CSP

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RNA

ribonucleic acid; polynucleotide consisting essentially of chains with a repeating backbone of phosphate and ribose units to which nitrogenous bases are attached; RNA is unique among biological macromolecules in that it can encode genetic information, serve as an abundant structural component of cells, and also possesses catalytic activity.
CSP

A polynucleotide consisting essentially of chains with a repeating backbone of phosphate and ribose units to which nitrogenous bases are attached. RNA is unique among biological macromolecules in that it can encode genetic information, serve as an abundant structural component of cells, and also possesses catalytic activity. (Rieger et al., Glossary of Genetics: Classical and Molecular, 5th ed)
MSH

One of two types of nucleic acid made by cells. Ribonucleic acid contains information that has been copied from DNA (the other type of nucleic acid). Cells make several different forms of ribonucleic acid, and each form has a specific job in the cell. Many forms of ribonucleic acid have functions related to making proteins. Ribonucleic acid is also the genetic material of some viruses instead of DNA. Ribonucleic acid can be made in the laboratory and used in research studies.
NCI

Single-stranded long chain of nucleotides containing ribose. It is the end product of DNA transcription by the enzyme RNA polymerase. It is essential in protein synthesis.
NCI

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Indiáni Jižní Ameriky

Individual members of South American ethnic groups with historic ancestral origins in Asia.
MSH

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nukleosiddifosfátkinasa

An enzyme that is found in mitochondria and in the soluble cytoplasm of cells. It catalyzes reversible reactions of a nucleoside triphosphate, e.g., ATP, with a nucleoside diphosphate, e.g., UDP, to form ADP and UTP. Many nucleoside diphosphates can act as acceptor, while many ribo- and deoxyribonucleoside triphosphates can act as donor. EC 2.7.4.6.
MSH

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kolon – nemoci funkční

Chronic or recurrent colonic disorders without an identifiable structural or biochemical explanation. The widely recognized IRRITABLE BOWEL SYNDROME falls into this category.
MSH

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RNA transferová specifická pro aminokyseliny

A group of transfer RNAs which are specific for carrying each one of the 20 amino acids to the ribosome in preparation for protein synthesis.
MSH

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Zuigelingencouveuses

An infant radiant warmer is a device consisting of an infrared heating element intended to be placed over an infant to maintain the infant`s body temperature by means of radiant heat. The device may also contain a temperature monitoring sensor, a heat output control mechanism and an alarm to alert operators of the device`s failure. The device may be placed over a pediatric hospital bed or it may be built into the bed as a complete unit.
SPN

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ošetřovatelská diagnóza

Conclusions derived from the nursing assessment that establish a health status profile for the patient and from which nursing interventions may be ordered.
MSH

nurses detecting and classifying diseases in human patients.
CSP

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ductus choledochus – nemoci

Diseases of the COMMON BILE DUCT including the AMPULLA OF VATER and the SPHINCTER OF ODDI.
MSH

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hlodavci

rodents; the largest order of placental mammals (class Eutheria), all possessing one pair of chisel-like upper incisors for gnawing and flat-crowned premolars and molars for grinding; it includes the mice, rats, guinea pigs, squirrels, beavers, and many more.
CSP

A mammalian order which consists of 29 families and many genera.
MSH

The taxonomic order of mammals that includes mice, rats, guinea pigs, squirrels, beavers, and many others.
NCI

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ukládání a vyhledávání informací

A branch of computer or library science relating to the storage, locating, searching, and selecting, upon demand, relevant data on a given subject.
NCI

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nystagmus patologický

involuntary, rapid, rhythmic movement of the eyeball.
CSP

Involuntary movements of the eye that are divided into two types, jerk and pendular. Jerk nystagmus has a slow phase in one direction followed by a corrective fast phase in the opposite direction, and is usually caused by central or peripheral vestibular dysfunction. Pendular nystagmus features oscillations that are of equal velocity in both directions and this condition is often associated with visual loss early in life. (Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p272)
MSH

A disorder characterized by involuntary movements of the eyeballs.
NCI

involuntary, rapid, rhythmic movement of the eyeball
CHV

Involuntary movements of the eyeballs. The presence or absence of nystagmus is often used in the diagnosis of a variety of neurological and visual disorders.
NCI

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konkurenční nabídka

Pricing statements presented by more than one party for the purpose of securing a contract.
MSH

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RUBEOLA

An acute infectious disease caused by the RUBELLA VIRUS. The virus enters the respiratory tract via airborne droplet and spreads to the LYMPHATIC SYSTEM.
MSH

acute infectious disease caused by the rubella virus and most often affecting children and nonimmune young adults, in which the virus enters the respiratory tract via droplet nuclei and spreads to the lymphatic system; usually benign; however transplacental infection of the fetus in the first trimester can cause death or severe developmental abnormalities (congenital rubella syndrome).
CSP

Rubella is an illness with flu-like symptoms followed by a rash. Common symptoms include

  • Low-grade fever
  • Headache
  • Runny nose
  • Red eyes
  • Muscle or joint pain

Rubella is usually mild. You may get it and not even know it. However, adults who get rubella often feel sicker than children do. The biggest danger of rubella is if a woman gets it during the first 20 weeks of pregnancy. She may lose the baby, or the virus could cause problems to her unborn baby. Those problems could include cataracts, deafness or damage to the heart or brain.

A virus causes rubella. It can spread from one person to another through the air or through close contact with someone who has it. There is no treatment for rubella, but the measles-mumps-rubella (MMR) vaccine can prevent it.


MEDLINEPLUS

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testy inkoustové skvrny

Projective tests utilizing ink blots to which a subject responds. They are used in personality diagnosis.
MSH

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oceánografie

The science that deals with the ocean and its phenomena. (Webster, 3d ed)
MSH

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komplement – alternativní dráha

Complement activation initiated by the interaction of microbial ANTIGENS with COMPLEMENT C3B. When COMPLEMENT FACTOR B binds to the membrane-bound C3b, COMPLEMENT FACTOR D cleaves it to form alternative C3 CONVERTASE (C3BBB) which, stabilized by COMPLEMENT FACTOR P, is able to cleave multiple COMPLEMENT C3 to form alternative C5 CONVERTASE (C3BBB3B) leading to cleavage of COMPLEMENT C5 and the assembly of COMPLEMENT MEMBRANE ATTACK COMPLEX.
MSH

The complement system of plasma proteins is an important part of the immune system that forms a cascade of factors that lyses foreign cells. There are two branches of the complement system, the classical pathway that is initiated by antibody-antigen complexes on a cell and the alternative pathway that is antibody independent. The ultimate result in either pathway is the creation of the membrane attack complex, a large pore in the cell membrane that results in cell lysis. The alternative pathway starts with the spontaneous conversion of C3 to an active protease. C3 contains a thioester group that is spontaneously hydrolyzed at a slow rate to create C3(H2O). From there, binding of factor B (Fb) and activation by factor D (Fd) cleaves factor B to create the active protease C3 convertase (AP convertase). This enzyme cleaves C3 to form C3b, which can go on to form a C5 activating convertase. At this point the alternative pathway proceeds in the same manner as the classical pathway, recruiting additional complement factors (C6, C7, C8 and C9) to ultimately form the membrane attack complex and lyse the associated cell. One question about the alternative pathway is how the spontaneous activation of C3 in plasma leads to the lysis of specific cells in the absence of antibody on the cell surface. Active C3b binds to the cell surface, particularly to complement activators like cell wall components and lipopolysaccharide. A constant low level of spontaneous C3b formation ensures that C3b can bind to invading cells and trigger the rest of the alternative complement pathway to lyse the cells even in the absence of an antibody response. The constant low level of C3b activation and potential activation of the alternative pathway is kept in check by a natural damper, factor H and factor I. Factors H and I in plasma inactivate C3b enzyme in solution. Factors H and I cannot inactivate C3b on the cell surface due to protection by properdin, ensuring that the alternative pathway is primarily inactive in plasma and specifically activated on the surface of invading.
NCI

Any process involved in the activation of any of the steps of the alternative pathway of the complement cascade which allows for the direct killing of microbes and the regulation of other immune processes. [GOC:add, ISBN:0781735149 “Fundamental Immunology”]
GO

complement activation sequence initiated by the activation of complement factor C3, which is triggered by the interaction of microbial polysaccharides and properdin without participation of an antigen-antibody reaction.
CSP

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Saccharomycopsis

Yeast-like ascomycetous fungi of the family Saccharomycopsidaceae, order SACCHAROMYCETALES, isolated from the stomach of rabbits and some other animals.
MSH

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doškolování

On the job training programs for personnel carried out within an institution or agency. It includes orientation programs.
MSH

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ošetřovatelství v ordinaci

Nursing practice limited to an office setting.
MSH

Nursing care provided in an ambulatory setting, such as a clinic or physician`s office.
NCI

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souběžné přehledy

Review of the medical necessity of hospital or other health facility admissions, upon or within a short time following an admission, and periodic review of services provided during the course of treatment.
MSH

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