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normální rozdělení

Continuous frequency distribution of infinite range. Its properties are as follows: 1, continuous, symmetrical distribution with both tails extending to infinity; 2, arithmetic mean, mode, and median identical; and 3, shape completely determined by the mean and standard deviation.
MSH

A family of probability density functions whose mean, median and mode are identical. The function generates a symmetrical curve, whose position and shape is determined by its location and scale parameters, the mean and standard deviation respectively. The standard normal distribution has a location parameter of 0 and a scale parameter of 1.
NCI

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sexuální poradenství

Advice and support given to individuals to help them understand and resolve their sexual adjustment problems. It excludes treatment for PSYCHOSEXUAL DISORDERS or PSYCHOSEXUAL DYSFUNCTION.
MSH

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imunoglobuliny – fragmenty

Partial immunoglobulin molecules resulting from selective cleavage by proteolytic enzymes or generated through PROTEIN ENGINEERING techniques.
MSH

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embolie

Blocking of a blood vessel by an embolus which can be a blood clot or other undissolved material in the blood stream.
MSH

blocking of a blood vessel by a blood clot or foreign matter that has been transported from a distant site by the blood stream.
CSP

A block in an artery caused by blood clots or other substances, such as fat globules, infected tissue, or cancer cells.
NCI

blockage of vessel with an object carried through blood circulation
CHV

The blockage of a blood vessel lumen by air or solid material such as blood clot or other tissues (e.g., adipose tissue, cancer cells) that have migrated from another anatomic site.
NCI

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kyslík – isotopy

Stable oxygen atoms that have the same atomic number as the element oxygen, but differ in atomic weight. O-17 and 18 are stable oxygen isotopes.
MSH

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hýždě

Either of the fleshy mounds in the rear pelvic area of the human body formed by the gluteal muscles.
NCI

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Shigella

genus of gram negative, facultatively anaerobic, rod shaped bacteria that ferments sugar without gas production; its organisms are intestinal pathogens of man and other primates and cause bacillary dysentery.
CSP

A genus of gram-negative, facultatively anaerobic, rod-shaped bacteria that ferments sugar without gas production. Its organisms are intestinal pathogens of man and other primates and cause bacillary dysentery (DYSENTERY, BACILLARY).
MSH

A genus of Gram-negative, non-spore forming rod-shaped bacteria in the phylum Proteobacteria.
NCI

Any bacteria that is not assigned to the species level but can be assigned to the Shigella genus level.
NCI

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imunoproliferační poruchy

Disorders characterized by abnormal proliferation of primary cells of the immune system or by excessive production of immunoglobulins.
MSH

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zaměstnanci – disciplína

Regulations or conditions imposed on employees by management in order to correct or prevent behaviors which are counterproductive to the organization.
MSH

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p-hydroxynorefedrin

Parahydroxy analog of phenylpropanolamine with properties as a sympathomimetic.
MSH

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kalkaneus

The largest of the TARSAL BONES which is situated at the lower and back part of the FOOT, forming the HEEL.
MSH

The irregular and largest tarsal bone that forms the heel.
NCI

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sialometaplazie nekrotizující

A benign, inflammatory, variably ulcerated, occasionally bilateral, self-healing lesion of the minor salivary glands that is often confused clinically and histologically with carcinoma.
MSH

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inkubátory

Insulated enclosures in which temperature, humidity, and other environmental conditions can be regulated at levels optimal for growth, hatching, reproduction, or metabolic reactions.
MSH

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encefalomalacie

Softening or loss of brain tissue following CEREBRAL INFARCTION; cerebral ischemia (see BRAIN ISCHEMIA), infection, CRANIOCEREBRAL TRAUMA, or other injury. The term is often used during gross pathologic inspection to describe blurred cortical margins and decreased consistency of brain tissue following infarction. Multicystic encephalomalacia refers to the formation of multiple cystic cavities of various sizes in the cerebral cortex of neonates and infants following injury, most notably perinatal hypoxia-ischemic events. (From Davis et al., Textbook of Neuropathology, 2nd ed, p665; J Neuropathol Exp Neurol, 1995 Mar;54(2):268-75)
MSH

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kyselina palmitová

A common saturated fatty acid found in fats and waxes including olive oil, palm oil, and body lipids.
MSH

A saturated long-chain fatty acid with a 16-carbon backbone. Palmitic acid is found naturally in palm oil and palm kernel oil, as well as in butter, cheese, milk and meat.
NCI

Saturated fatty acid with 16 carbons.
NCI

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proteiny vážící vápník

Proteins to which calcium ions are bound. They can act as transport proteins, regulator proteins, or activator proteins. They typically contain EF HAND MOTIFS.
MSH

proteins which bind calcium ions; can act as transport proteins, regulator proteins, or activator proteins.
CSP

Calcium Binding Proteins typically belong to the same evolutionary family and often share an EF-hand calcium-binding domain that consists of a 12 residue loop flanked on both sides by a 12 residue alpha-helical domain; the calcium ion is coordinated with oxygen of Glu or Asp residues in a pentagonal bipyramidal configuration. Reversible binding of calcium with proteins often supports protein structure or induces an alteration of protein activity in enzymatic or cell signaling cascades. Calcium is essential for maintenance of a normal heartbeat and for normal cell functions. It also plays a role in blood coagulation and in many enzymatic processes.
NCI

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silikotuberkulóza

Pulmonary or extrapulmonary infection caused by MYCOBACTERIUM TUBERCULOSIS or nontuberculous mycobacteria in a patient with silicosis.
MSH

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indoramin

An alpha-1 adrenergic antagonist that is commonly used as an antihypertensive agent.
MSH

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endolymfa

The lymph fluid found in the membranous labyrinth of the ear. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
MSH

Transudate contained within the membranous labyrinth.
UWDA

lymph fluid found in the membranous labyrinth of the ear.
CSP

Transudate contained within the membranous labyrinth.
FMA

The bodily fluid that fills the membranous labyrinth of the inner ear.
NCI

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pankuronium

A bis-quaternary steroid that is a competitive nicotinic antagonist. As a neuromuscular blocking agent it is more potent than CURARE but has less effect on the circulatory system and on histamine release.
MSH

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kamptothecin

An alkaloid isolated from the stem wood of the Chinese tree, Camptotheca acuminata. This compound selectively inhibits the nuclear enzyme DNA TOPOISOMERASES, TYPE I. Several semisynthetic analogs of camptothecin have demonstrated antitumor activity.
MSH

alkaloid isolated from the stem wood of the Chinese tree, Camptotheca acuminata; this compound selectively inhibits the nuclear enzyme DNA topoisomerase type I; several semisynthetic analogs of camptothecin have demonstrated antitumor activity.
CSP

An anticancer drug that belongs to the family of drugs called topoisomerase inhibitors.
NCI

An alkaloid isolated from the Chinese tree Camptotheca acuminata, with antineoplastic activity. During the S phase of the cell cycle, camptothecin selectively stabilizes topoisomerase I-DNA covalent complexes, thereby inhibiting religation of topoisomerase I-mediated single-strand DNA breaks and producing potentially lethal double-strand DNA breaks when encountered by the DNA replication machinery. (NCI)
NCI

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situs inversus

A congenital abnormality in which organs in the THORAX and the ABDOMEN are opposite to their normal positions (situs solitus) due to lateral transposition. Normally the STOMACH and SPLEEN are on the left, LIVER on the right, the three-lobed right lung is on the right, and the two-lobed left lung on the left. Situs inversus has a familial pattern and has been associated with a number of genes related to microtubule-associated proteins.
MSH

A congenital condition in which there is complete right-to-left reversal of the position of the major thoracic and abdominal organs (that is, they are arranged in a mirror image of the normal positioning).
NCI

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MONONUKLEOSI ZOLDURAGARRIA

A common, acute infection usually caused by the Epstein-Barr virus (HERPESVIRUS 4, HUMAN). There is an increase in mononuclear white blood cells and other atypical lymphocytes, generalized lymphadenopathy, splenomegaly, and occasionally hepatomegaly with hepatitis.
MSH

acute disease characterized by fever and swollen lymph nodes and an abnormal increase of mononuclear leucocytes or monocytes in the bloodstream; not highly contagious; some believe it can be transmitted by kissing.
CSP

Infectious mononucleosis, or "mono", is an infection caused by the Epstein-Barr virus. The virus spreads through saliva, which is why it`s sometimes called "kissing disease." Mono occurs most often in 15 to 17-year-olds. However, you can get it at any age. Symptoms of mono include

  • Fever
  • Sore throat
  • Swollen lymph glands

Sometimes you may also have a swollen spleen. Serious problems are rare.

A blood test can show if you have mono. Most people get better in two to four weeks. However, you may feel tired for a few months afterward. Treatment focuses on helping symptoms and includes medicines for pain and fever, warm salt water gargles and plenty of rest and fluids.


MEDLINEPLUS

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zesilovače transkripce

cis-acting DNA sequences which can increase transcription of genes; enhancers can usually function in either orientation and at various distances from a promoter.
CSP

Cis-acting DNA sequences which can increase transcription of genes. Enhancers can usually function in either orientation and at various distances from a promoter.
MSH

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parabióza

The experimental joining of two individuals for the purpose of studying the effects of one on the other.
MSH

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kapilární permeabilita

The property of blood capillary ENDOTHELIUM that allows for the selective exchange of substances between the blood and surrounding tissues and through membranous barriers such as the BLOOD-AIR BARRIER; BLOOD-AQUEOUS BARRIER; BLOOD-BRAIN BARRIER; BLOOD-NERVE BARRIER; BLOOD-RETINAL BARRIER; and BLOOD-TESTIS BARRIER. Small lipid-soluble molecules such as carbon dioxide and oxygen move freely by diffusion. Water and water-soluble molecules cannot pass through the endothelial walls and are dependent on microscopic pores. These pores show narrow areas (TIGHT JUNCTIONS) which may limit large molecule movement.
MSH

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lebka

The SKELETON of the HEAD including the FACIAL BONES and the bones enclosing the BRAIN.
MSH

Subdivision of skeletal system which consists of the skeleton of the head and its joints.
UWDA

bony part of the head including the facial bones and the bones enclosing the brain.
CSP

Subdivision of skeletal system which consists of the skeleton of the head and its joints.
FMA

The bones that form the head, made up of the bones of the braincase and face. (NCI)
NCI

The bones that form the head, made up of the bones of the braincase and face.
NCI

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injekce epidurální

The injection of drugs, most often analgesics, into the spinal canal without puncturing the dura mater.
MSH

Injection, epidural


HL7V3.0

Injection, peridural


HL7V3.0

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enuréza

Involuntary discharge of URINE after expected age of completed development of urinary control. This can happen during the daytime (DIURNAL ENURESIS) while one is awake or during sleep (NOCTURNAL ENURESIS). Enuresis can be in children or in adults (as persistent primary enuresis and secondary adult-onset enuresis).
MSH

inability to control the flow of urine and involuntary urination.
CSP

An elimination disorder characterized by urinary incontinence, whether involuntary or intentional, which is not due to a medical condition and which occurs at or beyond an age at which continence is expected (usually 5 years).
NCI

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paranoidní chování

Behavior exhibited by individuals who are overly suspicious, but without the constellation of symptoms characteristic of paranoid personality disorder or paranoid type of schizophrenia.
MSH

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