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Porucha pohlavní identity

A disorder characterized by a strong and persistent cross-gender identification (such as stating a desire to be the other sex or frequently passing as the other sex) coupled with persistent discomfort with his or her sex (manifested in adults, for example, as a preoccupation with altering primary and secondary sex characteristics through hormonal manipulation or surgery).
NCI

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retina – perforace

Perforations through the whole thickness of the retina including the macula as the result of inflammation, trauma, degeneration, etc. The concept includes retinal breaks, tears, dialyses, and holes.
MSH

A usually small tearing of the retina occurring when the vitreous separates from the retina. It may lead to retinal detachment. Symptoms include flashes and floaters.
NCI

A disorder characterized by a small laceration of the retina, this occurs when the vitreous separates from the retina. Symptoms include flashes and floaters.
NCI

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malpighické kanálky

Slender tubular or hairlike excretory structures found in insects. They emerge from the alimentary canal between the mesenteron (midgut) and the proctodeum (hindgut).
MSH

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kloaka

A dilated cavity extended caudally from the hindgut. In adult birds, reptiles, amphibians, and many fishes but few mammals, cloaca is a common chamber into which the digestive, urinary and reproductive tracts discharge their contents. In most mammals, cloaca gives rise to LARGE INTESTINE; URINARY BLADDER; and GENITALIA.
MSH

The singular posterior opening of the intestinal and urinary tracts of birds, reptiles, amphibians, marsupials and monotremes.
NCI

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anestetika celková

Agents that induce various degrees of analgesia; depression of consciousness, circulation, and respiration; relaxation of skeletal muscle; reduction of reflex activity; and amnesia. There are two types of general anesthetics, inhalation and intravenous. With either type, the arterial concentration of drug required to induce anesthesia varies with the condition of the patient, the desired depth of anesthesia, and the concomitant use of other drugs. (From AMA Drug Evaluations Annual, 1994, p.173)
MSH

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Reyeův syndrom

A form of encephalopathy with fatty infiltration of the LIVER, characterized by brain EDEMA and VOMITING that may rapidly progress to SEIZURES; COMA; and DEATH. It is caused by a generalized loss of mitochondrial function leading to disturbances in fatty acid and CARNITINE metabolism.
MSH

rare, acute, sometimes fatal disease of childhood, most often occurring as a sequel of varicella or a viral upper respiratory infection of childhood; marked by recurrent vomiting and elevated serum transaminase levels with distinctive changes in the liver and other viscera; an encephalopathic phase with acute brain swelling disturbances of consciousness and seizures may follow.
CSP

An acute and potentially fatal metabolic disorder characterized by cerebral edema, fatty liver and hypoglycemia. It occurs primarily in children and has been associated with the use of aspirin for the treatment of viral infections. However, it can also occur in the absence of aspirin use.
NCI

Reye syndrome is a rare illness that can affect the blood, liver and brain of someone who recently had a viral infection. It always follows another illness. Although it mostly affects children and teens, anyone can get it. It can develop quickly and without warning. It is most common during flu season. Symptoms include

  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Listlessness
  • Personality change – such as irritability, combativeness or confusion
  • Delirium
  • Convulsions
  • Loss of consciousness

If these symptoms occur soon after a viral illness, seek medical attention immediately. Reye syndrome can lead to a coma and brain death, so quick diagnosis and treatment are critical. Treatment focuses on preventing brain damage. There is no cure.

The cause of Reye syndrome is unknown. However, studies have shown that taking aspirin increases the risk of getting it. Because of that, health care professionals now recommend other pain relievers for young patients.

NIH: National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke


MEDLINEPLUS

A rare disease that damages the brain and liver and causes death if not treated. It occurs most often in children younger than 15 years who have had a fever-causing virus, such as chickenpox or flu. Taking aspirin during a viral illness may increase the risk of Reye syndrome.
NCI

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manipulace ortopedická

The planned and carefully managed manual movement of the musculoskeletal system, extremities, and spine to produce increased motion. The term is sometimes used to denote a precise sequence of movements of a joint to determine the presence of disease or to reduce a dislocation. In the case of fractures, orthopedic manipulation can produce better position and alignment of the fracture. (From Blauvelt & Nelson, A Manual of Orthopaedic Terminology, 5th ed, p264)
MSH

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koagulum – retrakce

Retraction of a clot resulting from contraction of PLATELET pseudopods attached to FIBRIN strands. The retraction is dependent on the contractile protein thrombosthenin. Clot retraction is used as a measure of platelet function.
MSH

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geny syntetické

Biologically functional sequences of DNA chemically synthesized in vitro.
MSH

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Rhizobium

A genus of gram-negative, aerobic, rod-shaped bacteria that activate PLANT ROOT NODULATION in leguminous plants. Members of this genus are nitrogen-fixing and common soil inhabitants.
MSH

A genus of aerobic, Gram negative, rod and cocci shaped bacterium assigned to the phylum Proteobacteria and the family Rhizobiaceae.
NCI

Any bacteria that is not assigned to the species level but can be assigned to the Rhizobium genus level.
NCI

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Marfanův syndrom

An autosomal dominant disorder of CONNECTIVE TISSUE with abnormal features in the heart, the eye, and the skeleton. Cardiovascular manifestations include MITRAL VALVE PROLAPSE, dilation of the AORTA, and aortic dissection. Other features include lens displacement (ectopia lentis), disproportioned long limbs and enlarged DURA MATER (dural ectasia). Marfan syndrome is associated with mutations in the gene encoding fibrillin, a major element of extracellular microfibrils of connective tissue.
MSH

disorder of connective tissue characterized by tall stature, elongated extremities, subluxation of the lens, dilatation of the ascending aorta, and “pigeon breast”; inherited as an autosomal dominant trait.
CSP

A genetic syndrome inherited as an autosomal dominant trait. It is caused by mutations in the FBN1 gene. It is characterized by tall stature, elongated extremities, mitral valve prolapse, aortic dilatation, aortic dissection, and sublaxation of the lens.
NCI

Marfan syndrome is a disorder that affects connective tissue. Connective tissues are proteins that support skin, bones, blood vessels and other organs. One of these proteins is fibrillin. A problem with the fibrillin gene causes Marfan syndrome.

Marfan syndrome can be mild to severe, and the symptoms can vary. People with Marfan syndrome are often very tall, thin and loose jointed. Most people with Marfan syndrome have heart and blood vessel problems, such as a weakness in the aorta or heart valves that leak. They may also have problems with their bones, eyes, skin, nervous system and lungs.

NIH: National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases


MEDLINEPLUS

A hereditary disorder of connective tissue characterized by tall stature, elongated extremities, dilatation of the ascending aorta, and pigeon breast.
CHV

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aquaeductus cochlearis

A fine channel that passes through the TEMPORAL BONE near the SCALA TYMPANI (the basilar turn of the cochlea). The cochlear aqueduct connects the PERILYMPH-filled bony labyrinth to the SUBARACHNOID SPACE.
MSH

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gentamiciny

A complex of three different closely related aminoglycoside sulfates, Gentamicins C1, C2, and C1(subA), obtained from Micromonospora purpurea and related species. They are broad-spectrum antibiotics, but may cause ear and kidney damage. They act to inhibit protein synthesis (GENETIC TRANSLATION).
MSH

complex of three different closely related aminoglycoside sulfates, obtained from Micromonospora purpurea and related species; broad-spectrum antibiotics; may cause ear and kidney damage; they act to inhibit protein synthesis.
CSP

a kind of antibiotics
CHV

A broad – aminoglycoside antibiotic produced by fermentation of Micromonospora purpurea or M. echinospora. Gentamicin is an antibiotic complex consisting of four major (C1, C1a, C2, and C2a) and several minor components. This agent irreversibly binds to the bacterial 30S ribosomal subunit. Specifically, this antibiotic is lodged between 16S rRNA and S12 protein within the 30S subunit. This leads to interference with translational initiation complex, misreading of mRNA, thereby hampering protein synthesis and resulting in bactericidal effect. Aminoglycosides are mostly ineffective against anaerobic bacteria, fungi and viruses.
NCI

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ribonukleotidy

Nucleotides in which the purine or pyrimidine base is combined with ribose. (Dorland, 28th ed)
MSH

nucleotide in which the purine or pyrimidine base is combined with ribose.
CSP

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mastektomie

Surgery to remove the breast (or as much of the breast tissue as possible).
NCI

A mastectomy is surgery to remove a breast. It is performed either to treat or to prevent breast cancer. Only high-risk patients have surgery to prevent cancer. There are four main types:

  • Total mastectomy – removal of breast tissue and nipple
  • Modified radical mastectomy – removal of the breast, most of the lymph nodes under the arm and often the lining over the chest muscles
  • Lumpectomy – surgery to remove the tumor and a small amount of normal tissue around it
  • Radical mastectomy – the removal of the breast, lymph nodes and chest muscles. This is no longer common

Which surgery you have depends on the stage of cancer, size of the tumor, size of the breast and whether the lymph nodes are involved. Many women have breast reconstruction to rebuild the breast after a mastectomy.

NIH: National Cancer Institute


MEDLINEPLUS

Surgical removal of the breast.
NCI

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North Dakota

A state in the northern midwest United States. Its capital is Bismarck.
NCI

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Eigen bijdrage

That portion of the eligible charges which a covered party must pay for each service and/or product. It is a percentage of the eligible amount for the service/product that is typically charged after the covered party has met the policy deductible. This amount represents the covered party`s coinsurance that is applied to a particular adjudication result. It is expressed as a negative dollar amount in adjudication results.


HL7V3.0

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gesta

Movement of a part of the body for the purpose of communication.
MSH

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právo na léčbu

In law, the claim of persons involuntarily institutionalized on the ground of mental disability to receive appropriate care for their conditions or diseases. (Bioethics Thesaurus)
MSH

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maternofetální výměna látek

Exchange of substances between the maternal blood and the fetal blood at the PLACENTA via PLACENTAL CIRCULATION. The placental barrier excludes microbial or viral transmission.
MSH

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jaderné proteiny

Proteins found in the nucleus of a cell. Do not confuse with NUCLEOPROTEINS which are proteins conjugated with nucleic acids, that are not necessarily present in the nucleus.
MSH

proteins found in the nucleus of a cell; do not confuse with NUCLEOPROTEIN which are proteins conjugated with nucleic acids, that are not necessarily present in the nucleus; prefer indexing specific nuclear protein when possible; not all nuclear proteins are treed here.
CSP

Proteins that are localized to the nucleus of the cell. These proteins are involved in a variety of cellular regulation functions including transport, gene expression, and cell signaling.
NCI

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kolapsová terapie

Surgical treatment of pulmonary tuberculosis whereby the lung is totally or partially, temporarily or permanently, immobilized. The procedure was based on the popular concept that collapsing the affected portion of a tuberculous lung allowed the infected area to rest and thereby recover. At the beginning of the 20th century artificially induced pneumothorax (PNEUMOTHORAX, ARTIFICIAL) was popular. Later a variety of other techniques was used to encourage collapse of the infected portion of the lung: unilateral phrenic nerve division, PNEUMONOLYSIS, pneumoperitoneum (PNEUMOPERITONEUM, ARTIFICIAL), and THORACOPLASTY. Collapse therapy has declined since the advent of antitubercular chemotherapy. (Stedman, 25th ed; from Sabiston Jr, Textbook of Surgery, 14th ed, p1733-4)
MSH

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kóma – Glasgowská stupnice

A scale that assesses the response to stimuli in patients with craniocerebral injuries. The parameters are eye opening, motor response, and verbal response.
MSH

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RNA fungální

Ribonucleic acid in fungi having regulatory and catalytic roles as well as involvement in protein synthesis.
MSH

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masný průmysl

The aggregate enterprise of technically producing packaged meat.
MSH

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zdravotní sestry v klinické praxi

Registered nurses who hold Master`s degrees in nursing with an emphasis in clinical nursing and who function independently in coordinating plans for patient care.
MSH

Clinical Nurse Specialist (CNS) – a licensed registered nurse who has graduate preparation (a master`s or a doctorate) in nursing as a CNS. The CNS is a clinical expert in theory-based and/or research-based nursing practice within a specialty area. (NACNS)
NCI

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kolorimetrie

Any technique by which an unknown color is evaluated in terms of standard colors. The technique may be visual, photoelectric, or indirect by means of spectrophotometry. It is used in chemistry and physics. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
MSH

any technique by which an unknown color is evaluated in terms of standard colors; the technique may be visual, photoelectric, or indirect by means of spectrophotometry; used in chemistry and physics.
CSP

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glosalgie

Painful sensations in the tongue, including a sensation of burning.
MSH

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RNA transferová Ser

A transfer RNA which is specific for carrying serine to sites on the ribosomes in preparation for protein synthesis.
MSH

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lékařská informatika – aplikace

Automated systems applied to the patient care process including diagnosis, therapy, and systems of communicating medical data within the health care setting.
MSH

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