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nuda

A psychological state resulting from any activity that lacks motivation, or from enforced continuance in an uninteresting situation.
MSH

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podjazyková slinná žláza

smallest of the three chief, paired salivary glands, draining the oral cavity.
CSP

A salivary gland located under the tongue in the floor of the oral cavity.
NCI

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fosfor – poruchy metabolismu

Disorders in the processing of phosphorus in the body: its absorption, transport, storage, and utilization.
MSH

condition in which there is a deviation or interruption in the processing of phosphorus in the body includes its absorption, transport, storage, and utilization.
CSP

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neurosekreční systémy

A system of neurons that has the specialized function to produce and secrete hormones, and that constitutes, in whole or in part, an endocrine organ or system.
MSH

organs, structures, or transmitter/receptor systems involved in communication between the nervous and endocrine systems.
CSP

Having to do with the interactions between the nervous system and the endocrine system. Neuroendocrine describes certain cells that release hormones into the blood in response to stimulation of the nervous system.
NCI

A system of neurosecretory neurons that release hormones to the circulatory system.
NCI

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ektodermální dysplazie

A group of hereditary disorders involving tissues and structures derived from the embryonic ectoderm. They are characterized by the presence of abnormalities at birth and involvement of both the epidermis and skin appendages. They are generally nonprogressive and diffuse. Various forms exist, including anhidrotic and hidrotic dysplasias, FOCAL DERMAL HYPOPLASIA, and aplasia cutis congenita.
MSH

A group of inherited disorders characterized by malformations of the structures that derive from the ectoderm, such as hair, teeth, nails and sweat glands.
NCI

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hypertrichóza

Excessive hair growth at inappropriate locations, such as on the extremities, the head, and the back. It is caused by genetic or acquired factors, and is an androgen-independent process. This concept does not include HIRSUTISM which is an androgen-dependent excess hair growth in WOMEN and CHILDREN.
MSH

Generalized or localized hair growth of abnormal length and density. It may be congenital or acquired (e.g., drug-induced).
NCI

A disorder characterized by hair density or length beyond the accepted limits of normal in a particular body region, for a particular age or race.
NCI

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arteria brachialis

The continuation of the axillary artery; it branches into the radial and ulnar arteries.
MSH

An artery originating at the axillary artery and branching into the radial and ulnar arteries. (NCI)
NCI

An artery originating at the axillary artery and branching into the radial and ulnar arteries.
NCI

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sacharasa-isomaltasa komplex

An enzyme complex found in the brush border membranes of the small intestine. It is believed to be an enzyme complex with different catalytic sites. Its absence is manifested by an inherited disease called sucrase-isomaltase deficiency.
MSH

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ftalimidy

The imide of phthalic acids.
MSH

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Newfoundland

An island in the Atlantic Ocean, off the east coast of Canada, constituting with Labrador on the mainland, a province of Canada. The name describing a land just discovered was recorded by John Cabot in 1497. (From Webster`s New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p831 & Room, Brewer`s Dictionary of Names, 1992, p376)
MSH

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studium lékařství pregraduální

The period of medical education in a medical school. In the United States it follows the baccalaureate degree and precedes the granting of the M.D.
MSH

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hypofosfatázie

A genetic metabolic disorder resulting from serum and bone alkaline phosphatase deficiency leading to hypercalcemia, ethanolamine phosphatemia, and ethanolamine phosphaturia. Clinical manifestations include severe skeletal defects resembling vitamin D-resistant rickets, failure of the calvarium to calcify, dyspnea, cyanosis, vomiting, constipation, renal calcinosis, failure to thrive, disorders of movement, beading of the costochondral junction, and rachitic bone changes. (From Dorland, 27th ed)
MSH

genetic metabolic disorder resulting from serum and bone alkaline phosphatase deficiency leading to hypercalcemia, ethanolamine phosphatemia, and ethanolamine phosphaturia; manifestations include severe skeletal defects resembling vitamin D resistant rickets, failure of the calvarium to calcify, dyspnea, cyanosis, vomiting, constipation, renal calcinosis, failure to thrive, disorders of movement, beading of the costochondral junction, and rachitic bone changes.
CSP

A rare, serious metabolic disorder caused by mutations in the gene encoding tissue non-specific alkaline phosphatase (TNSALP) activity. It is characterized by low activity of TNSALP in the serum. The signs and symptoms vary significantly and include death in utero, failure to thrive, premature loss of deciduous teeth, early loss of the adult dentition, hypercalcemia, osteomalacia, skeletal defects, renal stones, and movement disorders.
NCI

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dechová cvičení

Therapeutic exercises aimed to deepen inspiration or expiration or even to alter the rate and rhythm of respiration.
MSH

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sulfachinoxalin

An antiprotozoal agent used to combat coccidial infections of swine, cattle, fowl, and other veterinary animals. Also used in controlling outbreaks of fowl typhoid and fowl cholera and in treatment of infectious enteritis.
MSH

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fyziologické procesy

see:http://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/MBrowser.html
AOT

Any process specifically pertinent to the functioning of integrated living units: cells, tissues, organs, and organisms. A process is a collection of molecular events with a defined beginning and end. [GOC:go_curators, GOC:isa_complete]
GO

The functions and activities of living organisms that support life in single- or multi-cellular organisms from their origin through the progression of life.
MSH

A biologic function, activity, or process involving either specialized organ functions, individual organs, organ systems, body parts, or whole organisms.
NCI

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nimodipin

A calcium channel blockader with preferential cerebrovascular activity. It has marked cerebrovascular dilating effects and lowers blood pressure.
MSH

1,4 dihydropyridine; centrally acting calcium channel blocker used in the treatment of a wide range of disorders, including drug withdrawal, AIDS motor/cognitive disorder, and post cardiac surgery recovery.
CSP

Belongs to a family of drugs called calcium channel blockers. It is being investigated for use with anticancer drugs to prevent or overcome drug resistance and improve response to chemotherapy.
NCI

A dihydropyridine derivative and an analogue of the calcium channel blocker nifedipine, with antihypertensive activity. Nimodipine inhibits the transmembrane influx of calcium ions in response to depolarization in smooth muscle cells, thereby inhibiting vascular smooth muscle contraction and inducing vasodilatation. Nimodipine has a greater effect on cerebral arteries than on peripheral smooth muscle cells and myocardial cells, probably because this agent can cross the blood brain barrier due to its lipophilic nature. Furthermore, this agent also inhibits the drug efflux pump P-glycoprotein, which is overexpressed in some multi-drug resistant tumors, and may improve the efficacy of some antineoplastic agents. Check for “http://www.cancer.gov/Search/ClinicalTrialsLink.aspx?id=41210&idtype=1″ active clinical trials or “http://www.cancer.gov/Search/ClinicalTrialsLink.aspx?id=41210&idtype=1&closed=1″ closed clinical trials using this agent. (“http://nciterms.nci.nih.gov:80/NCIBrowser/ConceptReport.jsp?dictionary=NCI_Thesaurus&code=C692″ NCI Thesaurus)
PDQ

A dihydropyridine derivative and an analogue of the calcium channel blocker nifedipine, with antihypertensive activity. Nimodipine inhibits the transmembrane influx of calcium ions in response to depolarization in smooth muscle cells, thereby inhibiting vascular smooth muscle contraction and inducing vasodilatation. Nimodipine has a greater effect on cerebral arteries than on peripheral smooth muscle cells and myocardial cells, probably because this agent can cross the blood brain barrier due to its lipophilic nature. Furthermore, this agent also inhibits the drug efflux pump P-glycoprotein, which is overexpressed in some multi-drug resistant tumors, and may improve the efficacy of some antineoplastic agents.
NCI

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Egoism

The ethical doctrine that morality has its foundations in self-interest. Also, excessive preoccupation with one`s own well-being and interests.
MSH

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hysterie

Historical term for a chronic, but fluctuating, disorder beginning in early life and characterized by recurrent and multiple somatic complaints not apparently due to physical illness. This diagnosis is not used in contemporary practice.
MSH

behavior exhibiting excessive or uncontrollable emotion, such as fear or panic; mental disorder characterized by emotional excitability and sometimes by amnesia or a physical deficit, such as paralysis, or a sensory deficit, without an organic cause.
CSP

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bromfenolová modř

A dye that has been used as an industrial dye, a laboratory indicator, and a biological stain.
MSH

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Sulfuric acid

A strong acid that, when concentrated is extremely corrosive to the skin and mucous membranes. It is used in making fertilizers, dyes, electroplating, and industrial explosives.
NCI

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pilonidální sinus

A hair-containing cyst or sinus, occurring chiefly in the coccygeal region.
MSH

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dusík – sloučeniny

Inorganic compounds that contain nitrogen as an integral part of the molecule.
MSH

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elektrická instalace

An arrangement of wires distributing electricity.
MSH

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imunoglobulin A sekreční

The principle immunoglobulin in exocrine secretions such as milk, respiratory and intestinal mucin, saliva and tears. The complete molecule (around 400 kD) is composed of two four-chain units of IMMUNOGLOBULIN A, one SECRETORY COMPONENT and one J chain (IMMUNOGLOBULIN J-CHAINS).
MSH

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Brunej

An independent sultanate on the northeast coast of Borneo. Its chief products are oil and natural gas. Its name is Hindi, coming from the Sanskrit bhumi, land or region. It gave its name Brunei to Borneo. (From Webster`s New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p183 & Room, Brewer`s Dictionary of Names, 1992, p82)
MSH

A country in Southeastern Asia, bordering the South China Sea and Malaysia. (NCI)
NCI

A country in Southeastern Asia, bordering the South China Sea and Malaysia.
NCI

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nucleus supraopticus

Hypothalamic nucleus overlying the beginning of the optic tract.
MSH

sharply defined group of nerve cell bodies in the anterior hypothalamic region immediately above the lateral part of the optic chiasm; many of its cells are neurosecretory in function, secreting antidiuretic hormone; other cells are osmoreceptors.
CSP

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hypofýza

A small, unpaired gland situated in the SELLA TURCICA. It is connected to the HYPOTHALAMUS by a short stalk.
MSH

epithelial body located at the base of the brain in the sella turcica, attached by a stalk to the hypothalamus from which it receives important neural and vascular outflow; it consists of the anterior lobe, or adenohypophysis, which secretes most of the hormones, the posterior lobe or neurohypophysis, which stores and releases neurohormones that it receives from the hypothalamus, and an intermediate lobe.
CSP

The main endocrine gland. It produces hormones that control other glands and many body functions, especially growth.
NCI

Pea-sized endocrine gland located at the base of the brain in the pituitary fossa. It produces and secretes hormones such as oxytocin and vasopressin, to regulate the activities of the hypothalamus.
NCI

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Nocardiaceae

A family of gram-positive, aerobic actinomycetes found in soil and animal tissue. Some species are the cause of infection in man and animals.
MSH

A taxonomic family of Gram positive, aerobic bacterium in the phylum Actinobacteria that includes the genera Nocardia, Rhodococcus and Smaragdicoccus, among others.
NCI

family of gram positive, aerobic actinomycetes found in soil and animal tissue; some species are the cause of infection in man and animals.
CSP

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elektroforéza v agarovém gelu

Electrophoresis in which agar or agarose gel is used as the diffusion medium.
MSH

A type of electrophoresis that uses a matrix of highly purified agar to separate large molecules.
NCI

Electrophoresis, Agaorse gel


HL7V3.0

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imipramin

The prototypical tricyclic antidepressant. It has been used in major depression, dysthymia, bipolar depression, attention-deficit disorders, agoraphobia, and panic disorders. It has less sedative effect than some other members of this therapeutic group.
MSH

dibenzazepine tricyclic antidepressant.
CSP

A synthetic tricyclic derivative, antidepressant Imipramine enhances monoamine neurotransmission in certain areas of the brain. It also induces sedation through histamine 1 receptor blockage; hypotension through beta-adrenergic blockage; and diverse parasympatholytic effects. Imipramine has less sedative effect than other members of its therapeutic family. It is used in major depression, dysthymia, bipolar depression, attention-deficit disorders, agoraphobia, and panic disorders. (NCI04)
NCI

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