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Rusko

A country in Northern Asia (that part west of the Urals is sometimes included with Europe), bordering the Arctic Ocean, between Europe and the North Pacific Ocean. (NCI)
NCI

A country in Northern Asia (that part west of the Urals is sometimes included with Europe), bordering the Arctic Ocean, between Europe and the North Pacific Ocean. (CIA World Factbook 2002)
NCI

Description:Realm code for use of Russian Federation


HL7V3.0

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léky – způsoby aplikace

The various ways of administering a drug or other chemical to a site in a patient or animal from where the chemical is absorbed into the blood and delivered to the target tissue.
MSH

various ways of administering a drug or other chemical to a site in a patient or animal from where the chemical is absorbed and delivered to the target tissue.
CSP

Designation of the part of the body through which or into which, or the way in which, the medicinal product is intended to be introduced. In some cases a medicinal product can be intended for more than one route and/or method of administration. (ICH)
NCI

The course by which a substance was administered in order to reach the site of action in the body.
NCI

The path the administered medication takes to get into the body or into contact with the body.


HL7V3.0

Description:This describes which path the administered medication takes to get into the body or into contact with the body and constitutes part of thewhere (the other part being site – see below). It is theway in or the course the medication must take to get to its destination.

Note that a path is in no sense a description of afinal destination; it is a stylized description of the path taken. For example, an oral antibiotic may be used to treat a severe infection on a toe; the oral route is used to get the medicine to be able to reach and treat the infection in the toe. For some specific routes of administration there may be an incidental sense offinal destination, for example an ocular administration usually occurs when treatment of an eye condition is required. However, this is in no sense definitional: rectal administration of a medicine may be for a local effect (a steroid foam for treatment of colitis) or for a systemic effect (metronidazole for treatment of infection). The route of administration of a medicine should only be a description of the path taken and not the form.

Examples:

  • oral

  • rectal

  • intravenous (IV)

  • subcutaneous (SC)

  • intramuscular (IM)


HL7V3.0

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Oddiho svěrač

The sphincter of the hepatopancreatic ampulla within the duodenal papilla. The COMMON BILE DUCT and main pancreatic duct pass through this sphincter.
MSH

The muscle fibres around the opening of the common bile duct (ductus choledochus) into the duodenum at the papilla of Vater.
NCI

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imunoproliferační poruchy

Disorders characterized by abnormal proliferation of primary cells of the immune system or by excessive production of immunoglobulins.
MSH

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blefarospazmus

Excessive winking; tonic or clonic spasm of the orbicularis oculi muscle.
MSH

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salicylanilidy

2-Hydroxy-N-phenylbenzamides. N-phenyl substituted salicylamides. Derivatives have been used as fungicides, anti-mildew agents and topical antifungal agents. In concentrated form may cause irritation of skin and mucous membranes.
MSH

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léky – toxicita

Manifestations of the adverse effects of drugs administered therapeutically or in the course of diagnostic techniques. It does not include accidental or intentional poisoning for which specific headings are available.
MSH

An adverse effect of a drug used therapeutically or diagnostically.
NCI

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nervus olfactorius

The 1st cranial nerve. The olfactory nerve conveys the sense of smell. It is formed by the axons of OLFACTORY RECEPTOR NEURONS which project from the olfactory epithelium (in the nasal epithelium) to the OLFACTORY BULB.
MSH

first cranial nerve; conveys the sense of smell; it is formed by the axons of olfactory receptor neurons which project from the olfactory epithelium (in the nasal epithelium) to the olfactory bulb.
CSP

Segment of neural tree organ which is continuous with the olfactory epithelium and an olfactory bulb.
FMA

Set of nerves that is continuous with the olfactory bulb and the olfactory bulb.
FMA

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inkubátory

Insulated enclosures in which temperature, humidity, and other environmental conditions can be regulated at levels optimal for growth, hatching, reproduction, or metabolic reactions.
MSH

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krevní tlak

PRESSURE of the BLOOD on the ARTERIES and other BLOOD VESSELS.
MSH

force exerted by the blood on the walls of the arteries and other vessels.
CSP

The pressure of the circulating blood against the walls of the blood vessels.
NCI

The force of circulating blood on the walls of the arteries. Blood pressure is taken using two measurements: systolic (measured when the heart beats, when blood pressure is at its highest) and diastolic (measured between heart beats, when blood pressure is at its lowest). Blood pressure is written with the systolic blood pressure first, followed by the diastolic blood pressure (for example 120/80).
NCI

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Salmonidae

A family of anadromous fish comprising SALMON; TROUT; whitefish; and graylings. They are the most important food and game fishes. Their habitat is the northern Atlantic and Pacific, both marine and inland, and the Great Lakes. (Nelson: Fishes of the World, 1976, p97)
MSH

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dursban

An organothiophosphate cholinesterase inhibitor that is used as an insecticide and as an acaricide.
MSH

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onkogeny

Genes whose gain-of-function alterations lead to NEOPLASTIC CELL TRANSFORMATION. They include, for example, genes for activators or stimulators of CELL PROLIFERATION such as growth factors, growth factor receptors, protein kinases, signal transducers, nuclear phosphoproteins, and transcription factors. A prefix of “v-” before oncogene symbols indicates oncogenes captured and transmitted by RETROVIRUSES; the prefix “c-” before the gene symbol of an oncogene indicates it is the cellular homolog (PROTO-ONCOGENES) of a v-oncogene.
MSH

endogenous or acquired genes whose presence or activation leads to neoplastic transformation; compare with TUMOR SUPPRESSOR GENE and PROTOONCOGENE.
CSP

A gene that is a mutated (changed) form of a gene involved in normal cell growth. Oncogenes may cause the growth of cancer cells. Mutations in genes that become oncogenes can be inherited or caused by being exposed to substances in the environment that cause cancer.
NCI

A gene that normally directs cell growth. If mutated or overexpressed in a dominant fashion, it can release the cell from normal restraints on growth. It alone or in concert with other changes, converts the cell into a tumor cell. Alterations can be inherited or caused by an environmental exposure to carcinogens.
NCI

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indoramin

An alpha-1 adrenergic antagonist that is commonly used as an antihypertensive agent.
MSH

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virus katarální horečky ovcí

The type species of ORBIVIRUS causing a serious disease in sheep, especially lambs. It may also infect wild ruminants and other domestic animals.
MSH

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sarkocystóza

Infection of the striated muscle of mammals by parasites of the genus SARCOCYSTIS. Disease symptoms such as vomiting, diarrhea, muscle weakness, and paralysis are produced by sarcocystin, a toxin produced by the organism.
MSH

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dystonia musculorum deformans

A condition characterized by focal DYSTONIA that progresses to involuntary spasmodic contractions of the muscles of the legs, trunk, arms, and face. The hands are often spared, however, sustained axial and limb contractions may lead to a state where the body is grossly contorted. Onset is usually in the first or second decade. Familial patterns of inheritance, primarily autosomal dominant with incomplete penetrance, have been identified. (Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p1078)
MSH

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opipramol

A tricyclic antidepressant with actions similar to AMITRIPTYLINE.
MSH

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MONONUKLEOSI ZOLDURAGARRIA

A common, acute infection usually caused by the Epstein-Barr virus (HERPESVIRUS 4, HUMAN). There is an increase in mononuclear white blood cells and other atypical lymphocytes, generalized lymphadenopathy, splenomegaly, and occasionally hepatomegaly with hepatitis.
MSH

acute disease characterized by fever and swollen lymph nodes and an abnormal increase of mononuclear leucocytes or monocytes in the bloodstream; not highly contagious; some believe it can be transmitted by kissing.
CSP

Infectious mononucleosis, or "mono", is an infection caused by the Epstein-Barr virus. The virus spreads through saliva, which is why it`s sometimes called "kissing disease." Mono occurs most often in 15 to 17-year-olds. However, you can get it at any age. Symptoms of mono include

  • Fever
  • Sore throat
  • Swollen lymph glands

Sometimes you may also have a swollen spleen. Serious problems are rare.

A blood test can show if you have mono. Most people get better in two to four weeks. However, you may feel tired for a few months afterward. Treatment focuses on helping symptoms and includes medicines for pain and fever, warm salt water gargles and plenty of rest and fluids.


MEDLINEPLUS

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nemoci kostí

Diseases of BONES.
MSH

condition in which there is a deviation from or interruption of the normal structure or function of the bones.
CSP

Your bones help you move, give you shape and support your body. They are living tissues that rebuild constantly throughout your life. During childhood and your teens, your body adds new bone faster than it removes old bone. After about age 20, you can lose bone faster than you make bone. To have strong bones when you are young, and to prevent bone loss when you are older, you need to get enough calcium, vitamin D and exercise.

There are many kinds of bone problems:

NIH: National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases


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schizoidní osobnost

A personality disorder manifested by a profound defect in the ability to form social relationships, no desire for social involvement, and an indifference to praise or criticism.
MSH

individuals exhibit a pervasive pattern of indifference to social relationships and a restricted range of emotional experience and expression, beginning by early adulthood and present in a variety of contexts.
CSP

A disorder characterized by an enduring pattern of extreme social detachment and lack of involvement in interpersonal activities, coupled with emotional coldness.
NCI

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Echinostoma

A genus of intestinal flukes of the family Echinostomatidae which consists of many species. They occur in man and other vertebrates. The intermediate hosts are frequently mollusks.
MSH

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orbita – nemoci

Diseases of the bony orbit and contents except the eyeball.
MSH

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injekce epidurální

The injection of drugs, most often analgesics, into the spinal canal without puncturing the dura mater.
MSH

Injection, epidural


HL7V3.0

Injection, peridural


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nuda

A psychological state resulting from any activity that lacks motivation, or from enforced continuance in an uninteresting situation.
MSH

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vědci – nesprávné chování

Intentional falsification of scientific data by presentation of fraudulent or incomplete or uncorroborated findings as scientific fact.
MSH

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ektodermální dysplazie

A group of hereditary disorders involving tissues and structures derived from the embryonic ectoderm. They are characterized by the presence of abnormalities at birth and involvement of both the epidermis and skin appendages. They are generally nonprogressive and diffuse. Various forms exist, including anhidrotic and hidrotic dysplasias, FOCAL DERMAL HYPOPLASIA, and aplasia cutis congenita.
MSH

A group of inherited disorders characterized by malformations of the structures that derive from the ectoderm, such as hair, teeth, nails and sweat glands.
NCI

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organotechneciové sloučeniny

Organic compounds that contain technetium as an integral part of the molecule. These compounds are often used as radionuclide imaging agents.
MSH

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hmyz – kontrola

The reduction or regulation of the population of noxious, destructive, or dangerous insects through chemical, biological, or other means.
MSH

reduction or regulation of the population of noxious, destructive, or dangerous insects through chemical, biological, or other means.
CSP

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arteria brachialis

The continuation of the axillary artery; it branches into the radial and ulnar arteries.
MSH

An artery originating at the axillary artery and branching into the radial and ulnar arteries. (NCI)
NCI

An artery originating at the axillary artery and branching into the radial and ulnar arteries.
NCI

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