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potkani Wistar

A strain of albino rat developed at the Wistar Institute that has spread widely at other institutions. This has markedly diluted the original strain.
MSH

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chromozómy lidské, 4-5

The large, submetacentric human chromosomes, called group B in the human chromosome classification. This group consists of chromosome pairs 4 and 5.
MSH

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Culicidae

family of the order Diptera that comprises the mosquitoes; recognized by the characteristic wing venation, the scales along the wing veins, and the long proboscis; many species are of particular medical importance.
CSP

A family of the order DIPTERA that comprises the mosquitoes. The larval stages are aquatic, and the adults can be recognized by the characteristic wing venation, the scales along the wing veins, and the long proboscis. Many species are of particular medical importance.
MSH

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hepatitida B

INFLAMMATION of the LIVER in humans caused by a member of the ORTHOHEPADNAVIRUS genus, HEPATITIS B VIRUS. It is primarily transmitted by parenteral exposure, such as transfusion of contaminated blood or blood products, but can also be transmitted via sexual or intimate personal contact.
MSH

hepatitis caused by hepatitis B virus; one method of transmission is by transfusion of contaminated blood or blood products.
CSP

A viral infection caused by the hepatitis B virus.
NCI

Hepatitis B is one type of hepatitis – a liver disease- caused by the hepatitis B virus (HBV). Hepatitis B spreads by contact with an infected person`s blood, semen or other body fluid. An infected woman can give hepatitis B to her baby at birth.

If you get HBV, you may feel as if you have the flu, or you may have no symptoms at all. A blood test can tell if you have it. HBV usually gets better on its own after a few months. If it does not get better, it is called chronic HBV, which lasts a lifetime. Chronic HBV can lead to scarring of the liver, liver failure or liver cancer.

There is a vaccine for HBV. It requires three shots. All babies should get the vaccine, but older children and adults can get it too. If you travel to countries where Hepatitis B is common, you should get the vaccine.

NIH: National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases


MEDLINEPLUS

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ambroxol

A metabolite of BROMHEXINE that stimulates mucociliary action and clears the air passages in the respiratory tract. It is usually administered as the hydrochloride.
MSH

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receptory konkanavalinu A

Glycoprotein moieties on the surfaces of cell membranes that bind concanavalin A selectively; the number and location of the sites depends on the type and condition of the cell.
MSH

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Churgův-Straussové syndrom

Widespread necrotizing angiitis with granulomas. Pulmonary involvement is frequent. Asthma or other respiratory infection may precede evidence of vasculitis. Eosinophilia and lung involvement differentiate this disease from POLYARTERITIS NODOSA.
MSH

An autoimmune necrotizing vasculitis with the formation of granulomas. It is a pulmonary and systemic vasculitis associated with eosinophilia.
NCI

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ústní vody

Solutions for rinsing the mouth, possessing cleansing, germicidal, or palliative properties. (From Boucher`s Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed)
MSH

solutions for rinsing the mouth, possessing cleansing, germicidal, or palliative properties.
CSP

An aqueous solution which is most often used for its deodorant, refreshing, or antiseptic effect.


HL7V3.0

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angioedémy dědičné

recurring attacks of transient edema suddenly appearing in areas of the skin or mucous membranes and occasionally of the viscera, often associated with dermatographism, urticaria, erythema, and purpura.
CSP

Inherited disorders that are characterized by subcutaneous and submucosal EDEMA in the upper RESPIRATORY TRACT and GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT.
MSH

Autosomal dominant inherited disorder characterized by abnormalities of C1 inhibitor. Patients present with swelling of the skin, subcutaneous tissues, and mucosa sites.
NCI

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amidočerň

A dye used to stain proteins in electrophoretic techniques. It is used interchangeably with its acid form.
MSH

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receptory hypofyzárních hormonů

Cell surface proteins that bind pituitary hormones with high affinity and trigger intracellular changes influencing the behavior of cells. Since many pituitary hormones are also released by neurons as neurotransmitters, these receptors are also found in the nervous system.
MSH

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cisplatina

An inorganic and water-soluble platinum complex. After undergoing hydrolysis, it reacts with DNA to produce both intra and interstrand crosslinks. These crosslinks appear to impair replication and transcription of DNA. The cytotoxicity of cisplatin correlates with cellular arrest in the G2 phase of the cell cycle.
MSH

inorganic, water soluble platinum complex; radiation sensitizing agent.
CSP

A drug used to treat many types of cancer. Cisplatin contains the metal platinum. It kills cancer cells by damaging their DNA and stopping them from dividing. Cisplatin is a type of alkylating agent.
NCI

An inorganic platinum agent (cis-diamminedichloroplatinum) with antineoplastic activity. Cisplatin forms highly reactive, charged, platinum complexes which bind to nucleophilic groups such as GC-rich sites in DNA, inducing intrastrand and interstrand DNA cross-links, as well as DNA-protein cross-links. These cross-links result in apoptosis and cell growth inhibition. Check for “http://www.cancer.gov/Search/ClinicalTrialsLink.aspx?id=39515&idtype=1″ active clinical trials or “http://www.cancer.gov/Search/ClinicalTrialsLink.aspx?id=39515&idtype=1&closed=1″ closed clinical trials using this agent. (“http://nciterms.nci.nih.gov:80/NCIBrowser/ConceptReport.jsp?dictionary=NCI_Thesaurus&code=C376″ NCI Thesaurus)
PDQ

An inorganic platinum agent (cis-diamminedichloroplatinum) with antineoplastic activity. Cisplatin forms highly reactive, charged, platinum complexes which bind to nucleophilic groups such as GC-rich sites in DNA, inducing intrastrand and interstrand DNA cross-links, as well as DNA-protein cross-links. These cross-links result in apoptosis and cell growth inhibition. (NCI04)
NCI

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porody mnohočetné

The offspring in multiple pregnancies (PREGNANCY, MULTIPLE): TWINS; TRIPLETS; QUADRUPLETS; QUINTUPLETS; etc.
MSH

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heterocyklické sloučeniny bicyklické

A class of organic compounds containing two ring structures, one of which is made up of more than one kind of atom, usually carbon plus another atom. The heterocycle may be either aromatic or nonaromatic.
MSH

A class of organic compounds containing two ring structures, one of which is made up of more than one kind of atom, usually carbon plus another atom. The heterocycle may be either aromatic or nonaromatic. (MeSH)
NCI

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kyselina aminoethylfosfonová

An organophosphorus compound isolated from human and animal tissues.
MSH

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rektovaginální píštěl

An abnormal anatomical passage between the RECTUM and the VAGINA.
MSH

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klemastin

A histamine H1 antagonist used as the hydrogen fumarate in hay fever, rhinitis, allergic skin conditions, and pruritus. It causes drowsiness.
MSH

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svalová spasticita

A form of muscle hypertonia associated with upper MOTOR NEURON DISEASE. Resistance to passive stretch of a spastic muscle results in minimal initial resistance (a “free interval”) followed by an incremental increase in muscle tone. Tone increases in proportion to the velocity of stretch. Spasticity is usually accompanied by HYPERREFLEXIA and variable degrees of MUSCLE WEAKNESS. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p54)
MSH

Increased involuntary muscle tone caused by central nervous system disorders that affect the regions interfering with voluntary movement. It results in gait, movement, and speech disturbances. Representative examples of disorders causing spasticity include brain or spinal cord injury, and multiple sclerosis.
NCI

A disorder characterized by increased involuntary muscle tone that affects the regions interfering with voluntary movement. It results in gait, movement, and speech disturbances.
NCI

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hibernace

The dormant state in which some warm-blooded animal species pass the winter. It is characterized by narcosis and by sharp reduction in body temperature and metabolic activity and by a depression of vital signs.
MSH

state of physical and metabolic dormancy exhibited by some warm blooded animals at seasonal intervals, characterized by lowered heart rate and body temperature (which fluctuates with the ambient), and nutritionally driven by stored body fat.
CSP

Any process in which an organism enters and maintains a period of dormancy in which to pass the winter. It is characterized by narcosis and by sharp reduction in body temperature and metabolic activity and by a depression of vital signs. [GOC:jl, PMID:1945046]
GO

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amniocentéza

Percutaneous transabdominal puncture of the uterus during pregnancy to obtain amniotic fluid. It is commonly used for fetal karyotype determination in order to diagnose abnormal fetal conditions.
MSH

percutaneous transabdominal puncture of the uterus during pregnancy to obtain amniotic fluid; it is commonly used for fetal karyotype determination in order to diagnose abnormal fetal conditions.
CSP

A prenatal diagnostic procedure in which a small sample of amniotic fluid is removed from the uterus by a needle inserted into the abdomen. This procedure is used to detect various genetic abnormalities in the fetus and/or the sex of the fetus.
NCI

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regenerace

The physiological renewal, repair, or replacement of tissue.
MSH

renewal or physiological repair of damaged tissue.
CSP

The regrowth of a lost or destroyed body part, such as an organ or tissue. [GOC:mah]
GO

Reproduction or reconstitution of a lost or injured part. (NCI)
NCI

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klonixin

Anti-inflammatory analgesic.
MSH

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Mycobacterium avium komplex

A complex that includes several strains of M. avium. M. intracellulare is not easily distinguished from M. avium and therefore is included in the complex. These organisms are most frequently found in pulmonary secretions from persons with a tuberculous-like mycobacteriosis. Strains of this complex have also been associated with childhood lymphadenitis and AIDS; M. avium alone causes tuberculosis in a variety of birds and other animals, including pigs.
MSH

A group of very similar Mycobacteria consisting of Mycobacterium avium and M. intracellulare.
NCI

A non-taxonomic grouping of bacteria assigned to and including at least three related subspecies from the Mycobacterium avium species.
NCI

a group of bacteria that cause a serious disease in people with advanced AIDS
CHV

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histamin H2 – antagonisté

Drugs that selectively bind to but do not activate histamine H2 receptors, thereby blocking the actions of histamine. Their clinically most important action is the inhibition of acid secretion in the treatment of gastrointestinal ulcers. Smooth muscle may also be affected. Some drugs in this class have strong effects in the central nervous system, but these actions are not well understood.
MSH

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amylnitrit

A vasodilator that is administered by inhalation. It is also used recreationally due to its supposed ability to induce euphoria and act as an aphrodisiac.
MSH

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relaxační techniky

A method used to reduce tension and anxiety, and control pain.
NCI

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kobalt – isotopy

Stable cobalt atoms that have the same atomic number as the element cobalt, but differ in atomic weight. Co-59 is a stable cobalt isotope.
MSH

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Myelofibróza

replacement of the bone marrow by fibrous tissue, occurring in association with a myeloproliferative disorder or secondary to another unrelated condition.
CSP

A disorder in which the bone marrow is replaced by fibrous tissue.
NCI

A partial or complete replacement of the bone marrow stroma by fibrous tissue. It can be a primary bone marrow lesion as part of the chronic myeloproliferative disorders (chronic idiopathic myelofibrosis), a manifestation of acute myeloid leukemia (acute panmyelosis with myelofibrosis), or a secondary phenomenon due to bone marrow involvement by a metastatic tumor (e.g., metastatic breast carcinoma). –2003
NCI

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Histoplasma

mitosporic Onygenales fungal genus causing histoplasmosis in humans and animals; its single species is Histoplasma capsulatum which has two varieties: H. capsulatum var. capsulatum and H. capsulatum var. duboisii; its teleomorph is Ajellomyces capsulatus.
CSP

A mitosporic Onygenales fungal genus causing HISTOPLASMOSIS in humans and animals. Its single species is Histoplasma capsulatum which has two varieties: H. capsulatum var. capsulatum and H. capsulatum var. duboisii. Its teleomorph is AJELLOMYCES capsulatus.
MSH

A genus of microscopic fungus that causes the disease histoplasmosis.
NCI

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Anaplasmataceae

A family of bacteria which inhabit RED BLOOD CELLS and cause several animal diseases.
MSH

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