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acetyl-CoA-karboxylasa

A carboxylating enzyme that catalyzes the conversion of ATP, acetyl-CoA, and HCO3- to ADP, orthophosphate, and malonyl-CoA. It is a biotinyl-protein that also catalyzes transcarboxylation. The plant enzyme also carboxylates propanoyl-CoA and butanoyl-CoA (From Enzyme Nomenclature, 1992) EC 6.4.1.2.
MSH

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hydrolasy

Any member of the class of enzymes that catalyze the cleavage of the substrate and the addition of water to the resulting molecules, e.g., ESTERASES, glycosidases (GLYCOSIDE HYDROLASES), lipases, NUCLEOTIDASES, peptidases (PEPTIDE HYDROLASES), and phosphatases (PHOSPHORIC MONOESTER HYDROLASES). EC 3.
MSH

Enzymes (EC class 3) cleaving substrates with addition of H2O at the point of cleavage; e.g., esterases, phosphatases, nucleases, peptidases. SYN hydrolyzing enzymes.
NCI

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proteinmethyltransferasy

Enzymes that catalyze the methylation of amino acids after their incorporation into a polypeptide chain. S-Adenosyl-L-methionine acts as the methylating agent. EC 2.1.1.
MSH

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dermabraze

The mechanical planing of the SKIN with sand paper, emery paper, or wire brushes, to promote reepithelialization and smoothing of skin disfigured by ACNE scars or dermal NEVI.
MSH

A type of surgery used to make the skin smooth and to improve the way deep scars, pits, and wrinkles look. After numbing the skin, a doctor removes the top layer of skin using sandpaper or a brush or burr (small file) that spins at a high speed.
NCI

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autoritářství

The personality pattern or syndrome consisting of behavioral and attitudinal characteristics reflecting a preoccupation with the factors of power and authority in interpersonal relationships.
MSH

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nervový růstový faktor

NERVE GROWTH FACTOR is the first of a series of neurotrophic factors that were found to influence the growth and differentiation of sympathetic and sensory neurons. It is comprised of alpha, beta, and gamma subunits. The beta subunit is responsible for its growth stimulating activity.
MSH

first of a series of neurotrophic factors that were found to influence the growth and differentiation of sympathetic and sensory neurons; comprised of alpha, beta, and gamma subunits; beta subunit is responsible for its growth stimulating activity.
CSP

A protein made by the body that causes certain nerve cells to grow and helps keep them alive.
NCI

Nerve growth factor. A peptide of 118 amino acids with both chemotropic and chemotrophic properties for sympathetic and sensory neurons. Found in a variety of peripheral tissues, NGF attracts neurites to the tissues by chemotropism, where they form synapses. NGF was the first of a family of nerve tropic factors to be discovered.
NCI

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kyselá fosfatasa

An enzyme that catalyzes the conversion of an orthophosphoric monoester and water to an alcohol and orthophosphate. EC 3.1.3.2.
MSH

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hydroxylace

Placing of a hydroxyl group on a compound in a position where one did not exist before. (Stedman, 26th ed)
MSH

adding a hydroxyl group to a compound in a new position.
CSP

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protozoální infekce zvířat

Infections with unicellular organisms formerly members of the subkingdom Protozoa. The infections may be experimental or veterinary.
MSH

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deoxykortikosteron

21-Hydroxypregn-4-ene-3,20-dione. Desoxycorticosterone acetate (DOCA) is used as replacement therapy in ADDISON DISEASE.
MSH

21-hydroxypregn-4-ene-3,20-dione; a mineralocorticoid normally produced in small quantities by the adrenal cortex, used as replacement therapy in Addison`s Disease.
CSP

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virus ptačí leukózy

species in the genus Alpharetrovirus, producing latent or manifest lymphoid leukosis in fowl.
CSP

The type species of ALPHARETROVIRUS producing latent or manifest lymphoid leukosis in fowl.
MSH

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neuroanatomie

Study of the anatomy of the nervous system as a specialty or discipline.
MSH

structure and relations of the parts of the nervous system.
CSP

A branch of medicine concerned with the anatomy of the nervous system.
NCI

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akriflavin

3,6-Diamino-10-methylacridinium chloride mixt. with 3,6-acridinediamine. Fluorescent dye used as a local antiseptic and also as a biological stain. It intercalates into nucleic acids thereby inhibiting bacterial and viral replication.
MSH

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hypercementóza

A regressive change of teeth characterized by excessive development of secondary cementum on the tooth surface. It may occur on any part of the root, but the apical two-thirds are most commonly affected. (Dorland, 27th ed)
MSH

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pseudopodia

A dynamic actin-rich extension of the surface of an animal cell used for locomotion or prehension of food.
MSH

A temporary protrusion or retractile process of a cell, associated with flowing movements of the protoplasm, and serving for locomotion and feeding. [ISBN:0198506732 “Oxford Dictionary of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology”]
GO

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diabetická dieta

A diet prescribed in the treatment of diabetes mellitus, usually limited in the amount of sugar or readily available carbohydrate. (Dorland, 27th ed)
MSH

If you have diabetes, your body cannot make or properly use insulin. This leads to high blood glucose, or sugar, levels in your blood. Healthy eating helps keep your blood sugar in your target range. It is a critical part of managing your diabetes, because controlling your blood sugar can prevent the complications of diabetes.

A registered dietitian can help make an eating plan just for you. It should take into account your weight, medicines, lifestyle, and other health problems you have.

Healthy diabetic eating includes

  • Limiting foods that are high in sugar
  • Eating smaller portions, spread out over the day
  • Being careful about when and how many carbohydrates you eat
  • Eating a variety of whole-grain foods, fruits and vegetables every day
  • Eating less fat
  • Limiting your use of alcohol
  • Using less salt

NIH: National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases


MEDLINEPLUS

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aziriny

Unsaturated azacyclopropane compounds that are three-membered heterocycles of a nitrogen and two carbon atoms.
MSH

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neuronová plasticita

The capacity of the NERVOUS SYSTEM to change its reactivity as the result of successive activations.
MSH

ability of mature nerves and neurons to adapt their functional and morphological characteristics to environmental influences, such as during learning or compensation after loss.
CSP

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aktivační analýza

A method of chemical analysis based on the detection of characteristic radionuclides following a nuclear bombardment. It is also known as radioactivity analysis. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
MSH

chemical analytic method based on the detection of characteristic radionuclides following a nuclear bombardment.
CSP

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hyperprolaktinémie

Increased levels of PROLACTIN in the BLOOD, which may be associated with AMENORRHEA and GALACTORRHEA. Relatively common etiologies include PROLACTINOMA, medication effect, KIDNEY FAILURE, granulomatous diseases of the PITUITARY GLAND, and disorders which interfere with the hypothalamic inhibition of prolactin release. Ectopic (non-pituitary) production of prolactin may also occur. (From Joynt, Clinical Neurology, 1992, Ch36, pp77-8)
MSH

increased levels of prolactin in the blood, which may be associated with amenorrhea and galactorrhea; relatively common etiologies include prolactinoma, medication effect, kidney failure, granulomatous diseases of the pituitary gland, and disorders which interfere with the hypothalamic inhibition of prolactin release; ectopic (non-pituitary) production of prolactin may also occur.
CSP

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psychologie

The science dealing with the study of mental processes and behavior in man and animals.
MSH

study of mental and behavioral phenomena in individuals and groups; human and nonhuman species are included.
CSP

The science dealing with the study of mental processes and behavior in man and animals. (MeSH)
NCI

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diamfenetid

Anthelmintic. It has been shown to be useful in fasciola infections in sheep.
MSH

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pozadí radiační

Radiation from sources other than the source of interest. It is due to cosmic rays and natural radioactivity in the environment.
MSH

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Nevada

A state in the western United States. Its capital is Carson City.
NCI

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viry adenoasociované

A genus of the family PARVOVIRIDAE, subfamily PARVOVIRINAE, which are dependent on a coinfection with helper adenoviruses or herpesviruses for their efficient replication. The type species is Adeno-associated virus 2.
MSH

replication is dependent on a helper adenovirus; multiplies in cells which support adenovirus replication in many species of host.
CSP

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hypochondrie

Preoccupation with the fear of having, or the idea that one has, a serious disease based on the person`s misinterpretation of bodily symptoms. (APA, DSM-IV)
MSH

preoccupation with the fear of having, or the idea that one has, a serious disease based on the person`s misinterpretation of bodily symptoms.
CSP

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psychoterapie racionálně emotivní

The replacement of illogical and unrealistic ideas with more realistic and adaptive ones through direct intervention and confrontation by the therapist.
MSH

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dikamba

A chlorinated organic herbicide.
MSH

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balantidiáza

Infection by parasites of the genus BALANTIDIUM. The presence of Balantidium in the LARGE INTESTINE leads to DIARRHEA; DYSENTERY; and occasionally ULCER.
MSH

A parasitic protozoal infection caused by Balantidium coli that involves the large intestinal mucosa. Signs and symptoms include nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, abdominal pain, fever, headache and weight loss.
NCI

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nikotin

Nicotine is highly toxic alkaloid. It is the prototypical agonist at nicotinic cholinergic receptors where it dramatically stimulates neurons and ultimately blocks synaptic transmission. Nicotine is also important medically because of its presence in tobacco smoke.
MSH

very poisonous alkaloid; the prototypical agonist at nicotinic cholinergic receptors where it dramatically stimulates neurons and ultimately blocks synaptic transmission; nicotine is important medically because of its presence in tobacco smoke, and is also used as an insecticide.
CSP

An addictive, poisonous chemical found in tobacco. It can also be made in the laboratory. When it enters the body, nicotine causes an increased heart rate and use of oxygen by the heart, and a sense of well-being and relaxation. It is also used as an insecticide.
NCI

A plant alkaloid, found in the tobacco plant, and addictive central nervous system (CNS) stimulant that causes either ganglionic stimulation in low doses or ganglionic blockage in high doses. Nicotine acts as an agonist at the nicotinic cholinergic receptors in the autonomic ganglia, at neuromuscular junctions, and in the adrenal medulla and the brain. Nicotine`s CNS-stimulating activities may be mediated through the release of several neurotransmitters, including acetylcholine, beta-endorphin, dopamine, norepinephrine, serotonin, and ACTH. As a result, peripheral vasoconstriction, tachycardia, and elevated blood pressure may be observed with nicotine intake. This agent may also stimulate the chemoreceptor trigger zone, thereby inducing nausea and vomiting. Check for “http://www.cancer.gov/Search/ClinicalTrialsLink.aspx?id=42243&idtype=1″ active clinical trials or “http://www.cancer.gov/Search/ClinicalTrialsLink.aspx?id=42243&idtype=1&closed=1″ closed clinical trials using this agent. (“http://nciterms.nci.nih.gov:80/NCIBrowser/ConceptReport.jsp?dictionary=NCI_Thesaurus&code=C691″ NCI Thesaurus)
PDQ

A plant alkaloid, found in the tobacco plant, and addictive central nervous system (CNS) stimulant that causes either ganglionic stimulation in low doses or ganglionic blockage in high doses. Nicotine acts as an agonist at the nicotinic cholinergic receptors in the autonomic ganglia, at neuromuscular junctions, and in the adrenal medulla and the brain. Nicotine`s CNS-stimulating activities may be mediated through the release of several neurotransmitters, including acetylcholine, beta-endorphin, dopamine, norepinephrine, serotonin, and ACTH. As a result, peripheral vasoconstriction, tachycardia, and elevated blood pressure may be observed with nicotine intake. This agent may also stimulate the chemoreceptor trigger zone, thereby inducing nausea and vomiting.
NCI

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