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aziriny

Unsaturated azacyclopropane compounds that are three-membered heterocycles of a nitrogen and two carbon atoms.
MSH

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geny homeo box

genes that code for DNA binding genetic regulatory proteins in a variety of organisms, so named for the homeotic genes of Drosophila.
CSP

Genes that encode highly conserved TRANSCRIPTION FACTORS that control positional identity of cells (BODY PATTERNING) and MORPHOGENESIS throughout development. Their sequences contain a 180 nucleotide sequence designated the homeobox, so called because mutations of these genes often results in homeotic transformations, in which one body structure replaces another. The proteins encoded by homeobox genes are called HOMEODOMAIN PROTEINS.
MSH

Highly conserved DNA sequences which have been identified in specific gene transcripts ranging from those of Drosophila melanogaster to mouse and human. Homeobox genes function, in part, to generate DNA-binding proteins with an evolutionary conserved approximately 60-residue sequence (HOMEODOMAIN PROTEINS).
NCI

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matrice genetické

Macromolecular molds for the synthesis of complementary macromolecules, as in DNA REPLICATION; GENETIC TRANSCRIPTION of DNA to RNA, and GENETIC TRANSLATION of RNA into POLYPEPTIDES.
MSH

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diamfenetid

Anthelmintic. It has been shown to be useful in fasciola infections in sheep.
MSH

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mannosyltransferasy

Enzymes that catalyze the transfer of mannose from a nucleoside diphosphate mannose to an acceptor molecule which is frequently another carbohydrate. The group includes EC 2.4.1.32, EC 2.4.1.48, EC 2.4.1.54, and EC 2.4.1.57.
MSH

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polyhydroxyethylmethakrylát

A biocompatible, hydrophilic, inert gel that is permeable to tissue fluids. It is used as an embedding medium for microscopy, as a coating for implants and prostheses, for contact lenses, as microspheres in adsorption research, etc.
MSH

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pozadí radiační

Radiation from sources other than the source of interest. It is due to cosmic rays and natural radioactivity in the environment.
MSH

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genetika lékařská

A subdiscipline of human genetics which entails the reliable prediction of certain human disorders as a function of the lineage and/or genetic makeup of an individual or of any two parents or potential parents.
MSH

A medical specialty concerned with the diagnosis and management of hereditary disorders.
NCI

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terminátorové oblasti (genetika)

DNA sequences which signal the termination of transcription.
CSP

DNA sequences recognized as signals to end GENETIC TRANSCRIPTION.
MSH

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dikamba

A chlorinated organic herbicide.
MSH

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věk při sňatku

the age at which marriage takes place; typically indexed for epidemiologic research grants.
CSP

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polyribozómy

A multiribosomal structure representing a linear array of RIBOSOMES held together by messenger RNA; (RNA, MESSENGER); They represent the active complexes in cellular protein synthesis and are able to incorporate amino acids into polypeptides both in vivo and in vitro. (From Rieger et al., Glossary of Genetics: Classical and Molecular, 5th ed)
MSH

complex made up of ribosomal subunits assembled among themselves by the filaments of messenger RNA containing the genetic information; they are involved in the synthesis of peptides.
CSP

Several ribosomes bound to one mRNA. [ISBN:0198506732 “Oxford Dictionary of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology”]
GO

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balantidiáza

Infection by parasites of the genus BALANTIDIUM. The presence of Balantidium in the LARGE INTESTINE leads to DIARRHEA; DYSENTERY; and occasionally ULCER.
MSH

A parasitic protozoal infection caused by Balantidium coli that involves the large intestinal mucosa. Signs and symptoms include nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, abdominal pain, fever, headache and weight loss.
NCI

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geriatrické zubní lékařství

The branch of dentistry concerned with the dental problems of older people.
MSH

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tetrahydrokanabinol

A psychoactive compound extracted from the resin of Cannabis sativa (marihuana, hashish). The isomer delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) is considered the most active form, producing characteristic mood and perceptual changes associated with this compound. Dronabinol is a synthetic form of delta-9-THC.
MSH

A synthetic pill form of delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), an active ingredient in marijuana that is used to treat nausea and vomiting associated with cancer chemotherapy.
NCI

an organic chemical extracted from Marihuana
CHV

A synthetic form of delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol, a psychoactive substance found in Cannabis sativa. Dronabinol acts directly on the appetite and vomiting control centers in the brain to stimulate appetite and prevent emesis. Check for “http://www.cancer.gov/Search/ClinicalTrialsLink.aspx?id=39707&idtype=1″ active clinical trials or “http://www.cancer.gov/Search/ClinicalTrialsLink.aspx?id=39707&idtype=1&closed=1″ closed clinical trials using this agent. (“http://nciterms.nci.nih.gov:80/NCIBrowser/ConceptReport.jsp?dictionary=NCI_Thesaurus&code=C867″ NCI Thesaurus)
PDQ

A synthetic form of delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol, a psychoactive substance found in Cannabis sativa. Dronabinol acts directly on the appetite and vomiting control centers in the brain to stimulate appetite and prevent emesis. (NCI04)
NCI

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dieta

Regular course of eating and drinking adopted by a person or animal.
MSH

usual food and drink consumed by an individual; for indexing what is medically prescribed to treat a condition use DIET THERAPY.
CSP

The things a person eats and drinks.
NCI

Your diet is made up of what you eat. There are many different types of diets. A healthy diet

  • Emphasizes fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and fat-free or low-fat milk and milk products.
  • May include lean meats, poultry, fish, beans, eggs and nuts.
  • Is low in saturated fats, trans fat, cholesterol, salt (sodium), and added sugars.

There are many different types of diets. Some, like a vegetarian diet, don`t include meats. Others, like the Mediterranean diet, describe a pattern of eating with an emphasis on less saturated fat than most Americans eat.

Many people follow specific diets to lose weight. Some of these diets are fad or crash diets that severely restrict calories or the types of food you are allowed to eat. These diets rarely lead to permanent weight loss and often don`t provide all of the nutrients your body needs. To lose weight, you need to use more calories than you eat. Portion control is the key. When trying to lose weight, you can still eat your favorite foods — as long as you pay attention to the total number of calories that you eat.

NIH: National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases


MEDLINEPLUS

The customary allowance of food and drink taken by a person or an animal from day to day, particularly one especially planned to meet specific requirements of the individual, including or excluding certain items of food; a prescribed course of eating and drinking in which the amount and kind of food, as well as the times at which it is to be taken, are regulated for therapeutic purposes or selected with reference to a particular state of health.
NCI

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mastocytóza bulózní

A form of cutaneous mastocytosis that is characterized by the large fluid-filled lesions.
MSH

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Porifera

phylum of sponges, the most primitive of multicellular animals; perforated with many pores to admit water, through which food is strained; all sponges are sessile and exhibit little detectable movement; most are hermaphroditic; organisms are a source of alkaloids, sterols and other natural products useful in medicine and biological research.
CSP

The phylum of sponges which are sessile, suspension-feeding, multicellular animals that utilize flagellated cells called choanocytes to circulate water. Most are hermaphroditic. They are probably an early evolutionary side branch that gave rise to no other group of animals. Except for about 150 freshwater species, sponges are marine animals. They are a source of ALKALOIDS; STEROLS; and other complex molecules useful in medicine and biological research.
MSH

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bazální ganglia – nemoci

Diseases of the BASAL GANGLIA including the PUTAMEN; GLOBUS PALLIDUS; claustrum; AMYGDALA; and CAUDATE NUCLEUS. DYSKINESIAS (most notably involuntary movements and alterations of the rate of movement) represent the primary clinical manifestations of these disorders. Common etiologies include CEREBROVASCULAR DISORDERS; NEURODEGENERATIVE DISEASES; and CRANIOCEREBRAL TRAUMA.
MSH

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Kiribati

A group of 33 coral atolls in the Pacific Ocean, straddling the equator; the capital Tarawa is about one-half of the way from Hawaii to Australia. (NCI)
NCI

The Gilbert Islands were granted self-rule by the UK in 1971 and complete independence in 1979 under the new name of Kiribati.
MSH

A group of 33 coral atolls in the Pacific Ocean, straddling the equator; the capital Tarawa is about one-half of the way from Hawaii to Australia. (CIA World Factbook 2002)
NCI

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thebain

A drug that is derived from opium, which contains from 0.3-1.5% thebaine depending on its origin. It produces strychnine-like convulsions rather than narcosis. It may be habit-forming and is a controlled substance (opiate) listed in the U.S. Code of Federal Regulations, Title 21 Part 1308.12 (1985). (From Merck Index, 11th ed)
MSH

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Digeorgeův syndrom

congenital syndrome with the absence of the thymus and parathyroids causing impairment of cellular immunity; immunoglobulin levels are normal.
CSP

Congenital syndrome characterized by a wide spectrum of characteristics including the absence of the THYMUS and PARATHYROID GLANDS resulting in T-cell immunodeficiency, HYPOCALCEMIA, defects in the outflow tract of the heart, and craniofacial anomalies.
MSH

A congenital anomaly characterized by immunodeficiency, abnormal facies, congenital heart disease, hypocalcemia, and increased susceptibility to infections. Pathologic characteristics include conotruncal abnormalities and absence or hypoplasia of thymus and parathyroid glands. DiGeorge syndrome is associated with abnormalities of chromosome 22. Also known as DiGeorge anomaly.
NCI

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maxilofaciální poranění

General or unspecified injuries involving the face and jaw (either upper, lower, or both).
MSH

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posttraumatická bolest hlavy

Secondary headache attributed to TRAUMA of the HEAD and/or the NECK.
MSH

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štěnice

Bugs of the family CIMICIDAE, genus Cimex. They are flattened, oval, reddish insects which inhabit houses, wallpaper, furniture, and beds. C. lectularius, of temperate regions, is the common bedbug that attacks humans and is frequently a serious pest in houses, hotels, barracks, and other living quarters. Experiments have shown that bedbugs can transmit a variety of diseases, but they are not normal vectors under natural conditions. (From Dorland, 27th ed; Borror, et al., An Introduction to the Study of Insects, 4th ed, p272)
MSH

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glióza

The production of a dense fibrous network of neuroglia; includes astrocytosis, which is a proliferation of astrocytes in the area of a degenerative lesion.
MSH

an excess of neuroglia in damaged areas of the central nervous system.
CSP

Reactive astrocytic proliferation associated with fibrous tissue formation, secondary to damage (trauma or ischemia) to the central nervous system.
NCI

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thiadiaziny

6-membered aromatic ring structure with 2 nitrogen and 1 sulfur heteroatoms.
CSP

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dihydrotachysterol

A VITAMIN D that can be regarded as a reduction product of vitamin D2.
MSH

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mediastinum – cysta

Cysts of one of the parts of the mediastinum: the superior part, containing the trachea, esophagus, thoracic duct and thymus organs; the inferior middle part, containing the pericardium; the inferior anterior part containing some lymph nodes; and the inferior posterior part, containing the thoracic duct and esophagus.
MSH

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pralidoximové sloučeniny

Various salts of a quaternary ammonium oxime that reconstitute inactivated acetylcholinesterase, especially at the neuromuscular junction, and may cause neuromuscular blockade. They are used as antidotes to organophosphorus poisoning as chlorides, iodides, methanesulfonates (mesylates), or other salts.
MSH

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