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vztah dávky záření a odpovědi

The relationship between the dose of administered radiation and the response of the organism or tissue to the radiation.
MSH

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Rhizobium

A genus of gram-negative, aerobic, rod-shaped bacteria that activate PLANT ROOT NODULATION in leguminous plants. Members of this genus are nitrogen-fixing and common soil inhabitants.
MSH

A genus of aerobic, Gram negative, rod and cocci shaped bacterium assigned to the phylum Proteobacteria and the family Rhizobiaceae.
NCI

Any bacteria that is not assigned to the species level but can be assigned to the Rhizobium genus level.
NCI

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biuret

Used as feed supplement for sheep and cattle since it is a good non-protein nitrogen source. In strongly alkaline solution biuret gives a violet color with copper sulfate.
MSH

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Negatieve bekrachtiging

use of coercive stimuli for reduction or prevention of probability of reinforcement.
CSP

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hlad

The desire for FOOD generated by a sensation arising from the lack of food in the STOMACH.
MSH

normal drive for nutrients; do not confuse with STARVATION.
CSP

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léky – způsoby aplikace

The various ways of administering a drug or other chemical to a site in a patient or animal from where the chemical is absorbed into the blood and delivered to the target tissue.
MSH

various ways of administering a drug or other chemical to a site in a patient or animal from where the chemical is absorbed and delivered to the target tissue.
CSP

Designation of the part of the body through which or into which, or the way in which, the medicinal product is intended to be introduced. In some cases a medicinal product can be intended for more than one route and/or method of administration. (ICH)
NCI

The course by which a substance was administered in order to reach the site of action in the body.
NCI

The path the administered medication takes to get into the body or into contact with the body.


HL7V3.0

Description:This describes which path the administered medication takes to get into the body or into contact with the body and constitutes part of thewhere (the other part being site – see below). It is theway in or the course the medication must take to get to its destination.

Note that a path is in no sense a description of afinal destination; it is a stylized description of the path taken. For example, an oral antibiotic may be used to treat a severe infection on a toe; the oral route is used to get the medicine to be able to reach and treat the infection in the toe. For some specific routes of administration there may be an incidental sense offinal destination, for example an ocular administration usually occurs when treatment of an eye condition is required. However, this is in no sense definitional: rectal administration of a medicine may be for a local effect (a steroid foam for treatment of colitis) or for a systemic effect (metronidazole for treatment of infection). The route of administration of a medicine should only be a description of the path taken and not the form.

Examples:

  • oral

  • rectal

  • intravenous (IV)

  • subcutaneous (SC)

  • intramuscular (IM)


HL7V3.0

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ribonukleotidy

Nucleotides in which the purine or pyrimidine base is combined with ribose. (Dorland, 28th ed)
MSH

nucleotide in which the purine or pyrimidine base is combined with ribose.
CSP

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blefarospazmus

Excessive winking; tonic or clonic spasm of the orbicularis oculi muscle.
MSH

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North Dakota

A state in the northern midwest United States. Its capital is Bismarck.
NCI

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TUMORE ONAIRE EDO GAIZTOA

New abnormal growth of tissue. Malignant neoplasms show a greater degree of anaplasia and have the properties of invasion and metastasis, compared to benign neoplasms.
MSH

An abnormal mass of tissue that results when cells divide more than they should or do not die when they should. Neoplasms may be benign (not cancer), or malignant (cancer).
NCI

An abnormal tissue growth resulted from uncontrolled cell proliferation. Benign neoplastic cells resemble normal cells without exhibiting significant cytologic atypia, while malignant ones exhibit overt signs such as dysplastic features, atypical mitotic figures, necrosis, nuclear pleomorphism, and anaplasia. Representative examples of benign neoplasms include papillomas, cystadenomas, and lipomas; malignant neoplasms include carcinomas, sarcomas, lymphomas, and leukemias. — 2004 (NCI)
NCI

growth of the tumor after morphology of cell has changed; cells may or may not have transformed to a cancerous state.
CSP

A benign or malignant tissue growth resulting from uncontrolled cell proliferation. Benign neoplastic cells resemble normal cells without exhibiting significant cytologic atypia, while malignant cells exhibit overt signs such as dysplastic features, atypical mitotic figures, necrosis, nuclear pleomorphism, and anaplasia. Representative examples of benign neoplasms include papillomas, cystadenomas, and lipomas; malignant neoplasms include carcinomas, sarcomas, lymphomas, and leukemias.
NCI

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hydrocefalus normotenzní

A form of compensated hydrocephalus characterized clinically by a slowly progressive gait disorder (see GAIT DISORDERS, NEUROLOGIC), progressive intellectual decline, and URINARY INCONTINENCE. Spinal fluid pressure tends to be in the high normal range. This condition may result from processes which interfere with the absorption of CSF including SUBARACHNOID HEMORRHAGE, chronic MENINGITIS, and other conditions. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp631-3)
MSH

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léky – toxicita

Manifestations of the adverse effects of drugs administered therapeutically or in the course of diagnostic techniques. It does not include accidental or intentional poisoning for which specific headings are available.
MSH

An adverse effect of a drug used therapeutically or diagnostically.
NCI

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právo na léčbu

In law, the claim of persons involuntarily institutionalized on the ground of mental disability to receive appropriate care for their conditions or diseases. (Bioethics Thesaurus)
MSH

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krevní tlak

PRESSURE of the BLOOD on the ARTERIES and other BLOOD VESSELS.
MSH

force exerted by the blood on the walls of the arteries and other vessels.
CSP

The pressure of the circulating blood against the walls of the blood vessels.
NCI

The force of circulating blood on the walls of the arteries. Blood pressure is taken using two measurements: systolic (measured when the heart beats, when blood pressure is at its highest) and diastolic (measured between heart beats, when blood pressure is at its lowest). Blood pressure is written with the systolic blood pressure first, followed by the diastolic blood pressure (for example 120/80).
NCI

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jaderné proteiny

Proteins found in the nucleus of a cell. Do not confuse with NUCLEOPROTEINS which are proteins conjugated with nucleic acids, that are not necessarily present in the nucleus.
MSH

proteins found in the nucleus of a cell; do not confuse with NUCLEOPROTEIN which are proteins conjugated with nucleic acids, that are not necessarily present in the nucleus; prefer indexing specific nuclear protein when possible; not all nuclear proteins are treed here.
CSP

Proteins that are localized to the nucleus of the cell. These proteins are involved in a variety of cellular regulation functions including transport, gene expression, and cell signaling.
NCI

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nefrologie

A subspecialty of internal medicine concerned with the anatomy, physiology, and pathology of the kidney.
MSH

A branch of medicine concerned with the development, anatomy, function, and dysfunction of the kidney.
NCI

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kyseliny hydroxybenzoové

Benzoic acid substituted by one or more hydroxy groups in any position on the benzene ring.
MSH

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dursban

An organothiophosphate cholinesterase inhibitor that is used as an insecticide and as an acaricide.
MSH

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RNA fungální

Ribonucleic acid in fungi having regulatory and catalytic roles as well as involvement in protein synthesis.
MSH

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virus katarální horečky ovcí

The type species of ORBIVIRUS causing a serious disease in sheep, especially lambs. It may also infect wild ruminants and other domestic animals.
MSH

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zdravotní sestry v klinické praxi

Registered nurses who hold Master`s degrees in nursing with an emphasis in clinical nursing and who function independently in coordinating plans for patient care.
MSH

Clinical Nurse Specialist (CNS) – a licensed registered nurse who has graduate preparation (a master`s or a doctorate) in nursing as a CNS. The CNS is a clinical expert in theory-based and/or research-based nursing practice within a specialty area. (NACNS)
NCI

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netropsin

A basic polypeptide isolated from Streptomyces netropsis. It is cytotoxic and its strong, specific binding to A-T areas of DNA is useful to genetics research.
MSH

basic oligopeptide antibiotic isolated from Streptomyces netropsis; it is cytotoxic and is useful in genetics research because it binds specifically and strongly to adenine-thymine areas of DNA.
CSP

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hygromycin B

Aminoglycoside produced by Streptomyces hygroscopicus. It is used as an anthelmintic against swine infections by large roundworms, nodular worms, and whipworms.
MSH

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dystonia musculorum deformans

A condition characterized by focal DYSTONIA that progresses to involuntary spasmodic contractions of the muscles of the legs, trunk, arms, and face. The hands are often spared, however, sustained axial and limb contractions may lead to a state where the body is grossly contorted. Onset is usually in the first or second decade. Familial patterns of inheritance, primarily autosomal dominant with incomplete penetrance, have been identified. (Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p1078)
MSH

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RNA transferová Ser

A transfer RNA which is specific for carrying serine to sites on the ribosomes in preparation for protein synthesis.
MSH

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nemoci kostí

Diseases of BONES.
MSH

condition in which there is a deviation from or interruption of the normal structure or function of the bones.
CSP

Your bones help you move, give you shape and support your body. They are living tissues that rebuild constantly throughout your life. During childhood and your teens, your body adds new bone faster than it removes old bone. After about age 20, you can lose bone faster than you make bone. To have strong bones when you are young, and to prevent bone loss when you are older, you need to get enough calcium, vitamin D and exercise.

There are many kinds of bone problems:

NIH: National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases


MEDLINEPLUS

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ošetřování týmové

Coordination of nursing services by various nursing care personnel under the leadership of a professional nurse. The team may consist of a professional nurse, nurses` aides, and the practical nurse.
MSH

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neuroleptický maligní syndrom

A potentially fatal syndrome associated primarily with the use of neuroleptic agents (see ANTIPSYCHOTIC AGENTS) which are in turn associated with dopaminergic receptor blockade (see RECEPTORS, DOPAMINE) in the BASAL GANGLIA and HYPOTHALAMUS, and sympathetic dysregulation. Clinical features include diffuse MUSCLE RIGIDITY; TREMOR; high FEVER; diaphoresis; labile blood pressure; cognitive dysfunction; and autonomic disturbances. Serum CPK level elevation and a leukocytosis may also be present. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p1199; Psychiatr Serv 1998 Sep;49(9):1163-72)
MSH

A life-threatening condition that may be caused by certain drugs used to treat mental illness, nausea, or vomiting. Symptoms include high fever, sweating, unstable blood pressure, confusion, and stiffness.
NCI

A rare, life-threatening disorder that is caused by neuroleptic medications. It is characterized by fever, muscular cramps and rigidity, autonomic nervous system dysfunction, and changes in the mental status that may lead to coma.
NCI

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hyperlipoproteinémie typ V

A severe type of hyperlipidemia, sometimes familial, that is characterized by the elevation of both plasma CHYLOMICRONS and TRIGLYCERIDES contained in VERY-LOW-DENSITY LIPOPROTEINS. Type V hyperlipoproteinemia is often associated with DIABETES MELLITUS and is not caused by reduced LIPOPROTEIN LIPASE activity as in HYPERLIPOPROTEINEMIA TYPE I .
MSH

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Echinostoma

A genus of intestinal flukes of the family Echinostomatidae which consists of many species. They occur in man and other vertebrates. The intermediate hosts are frequently mollusks.
MSH

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