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chlorhexidin

A disinfectant and topical anti-infective agent used also as mouthwash to prevent oral plaque.
MSH

disinfectant and topical anti-infective agent used also as mouthwash to prevent oral plaque.
CSP

A biguanide compound used as an antiseptic agent with topical antibacterial activity. Chlorhexidine is positively charged and reacts with the negatively charged microbial cell surface, thereby destroying the integrity of the cell membrane. Subsequently, chlorhexidine penetrates into the cell and causes leakage of intracellular components leading to cell death. Since gram positive bacteria are more negatively charged, they are more sensitive to this agent. Check for “http://www.cancer.gov/Search/ClinicalTrialsLink.aspx?id=41544&idtype=1″ active clinical trials or “http://www.cancer.gov/Search/ClinicalTrialsLink.aspx?id=41544&idtype=1&closed=1″ closed clinical trials using this agent. (“http://nciterms.nci.nih.gov:80/NCIBrowser/ConceptReport.jsp?dictionary=NCI_Thesaurus&code=C364″ NCI Thesaurus)
PDQ

A biguanide compound used as an antiseptic agent with topical antibacterial activity. Chlorhexidine is positively charged and reacts with the negatively charged microbial cell surface, thereby destroying the integrity of the cell membrane. Subsequently, chlorhexidine penetrates into the cell and causes leakage of intracellular components leading to cell death. Since gram positive bacteria are more negatively charged, they are more sensitive to this agent.
NCI

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histiocytóza

General term for the abnormal appearance of histiocytes in the blood. Based on the pathological features of the cells involved rather than on clinical findings, the histiocytic diseases are subdivided into three groups: HISTIOCYTOSIS, LANGERHANS CELL; HISTIOCYTOSIS, NON-LANGERHANS-CELL; and HISTIOCYTIC DISORDERS, MALIGNANT.
MSH

A morphologic finding indicating tissue infiltration by non-neoplastic or neoplastic histiocytes.
NCI

a rare blood disease
CHV

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školy veřejného zdravotnictví

Educational institutions for individuals specializing in the field of public health.
MSH

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organizace nevýdělečné

Organizations which are not operated for a profit and may be supported by endowments or private contributions.
MSH

An organization whose primary objective is to support some issue or matter of private interest or public concern for non-commercial purposes. Nonprofits generally do not operate to generate profit, and this characteristic is popularly considered to be the defining characterisitic of such organizations. However, a non-profit organization may accept, hold and disburse money and other things of value. It may also legally and ethically trade at a profit. The extent to which it can generate income may be constrained, or the use of those profits may be restricted.
NCI

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infarkt myokardu

NECROSIS of the MYOCARDIUM caused by an obstruction of the blood supply to the heart (CORONARY CIRCULATION).
MSH

gross necrosis of the myocardium, as a result of interruption of the blood supply to the area.
CSP

Each year over a million people in the U.S. have a heart attack. About half of them die. Many people have permanent heart damage or die because they don`t get help immediately. It`s important to know the symptoms of a heart attack and call 9-1-1 if someone is having them. Those symptoms include

  • Chest discomfort – pressure, squeezing, or pain
  • Shortness of breath
  • Discomfort in the upper body – arms, shoulder, neck, back
  • Nausea, vomiting, dizziness, lightheadedness, sweating

These symptoms can sometimes be different in women.

What exactly is a heart attack? Most heart attacks happen when a clot in the coronary artery blocks the supply of blood and oxygen to the heart. Often this leads to an irregular heartbeat – called an arrhythmia – that causes a severe decrease in the pumping function of the heart. A blockage that is not treated within a few hours causes the affected heart muscle to die.

NIH: National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute


MEDLINEPLUS

A disorder characterized by gross necrosis of the myocardium; this is due to an interruption of blood supply to the area.
NCI

Gross necrosis of the myocardium, as a result of interruption of the blood supply to the area, as in coronary thrombosis.
NCI

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chlorpromazin

The prototypical phenothiazine antipsychotic drug. Like the other drugs in this class chlorpromazine`s antipsychotic actions are thought to be due to long-term adaptation by the brain to blocking DOPAMINE RECEPTORS. Chlorpromazine has several other actions and therapeutic uses, including as an antiemetic and in the treatment of intractable hiccup.
MSH

prototypical phenothiazine antipsychotic drug; antipsychotic actions are thought to be due to long-term adaptation by the brain to blocking dopamine receptors; chlorpromazine has several other actions and therapeutic uses, including as an antiemetic and in the treatment of intractable hiccup.
CSP

A phenothiazine and traditional antipsychotic agent with anti-emetic activity. Chlorpromazine exerts its antipsychotic effect by blocking postsynaptic dopamine receptors in cortical and limbic areas of the brain, thereby preventing the excess of dopamine in the brain. This leads to a reduction in psychotic symptoms, such as hallucinations and delusions. Chlorpromazine appears to exert its anti-emetic activity by blocking the dopamine receptors in the chemical trigger zone (CTZ) in the brain, thereby relieving nausea and vomiting. Check for “http://www.cancer.gov/Search/ClinicalTrialsLink.aspx?id=39752&idtype=1″ active clinical trials or “http://www.cancer.gov/Search/ClinicalTrialsLink.aspx?id=39752&idtype=1&closed=1″ closed clinical trials using this agent. (“http://nciterms.nci.nih.gov:80/NCIBrowser/ConceptReport.jsp?dictionary=NCI_Thesaurus&code=C367″ NCI Thesaurus)
PDQ

A phenothiazine and traditional antipsychotic agent with anti-emetic activity. Chlorpromazine exerts its antipsychotic effect by blocking postsynaptic dopamine receptors in cortical and limbic areas of the brain, thereby preventing the excess of dopamine in the brain. This leads to a reduction in psychotic symptoms, such as hallucinations and delusions. Chlorpromazine appears to exert its anti-emetic activity by blocking the dopamine receptors in the chemical trigger zone (CTZ) in the brain, thereby relieving nausea and vomiting.
NCI

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HIV obalový protein gp120

External envelope protein of the human immunodeficiency virus which is encoded by the HIV env gene. It has a molecular weight of 120 kDa and contains numerous glycosylation sites. Gp120 binds to cells expressing CD4 cell-surface antigens, most notably T4-lymphocytes and monocytes/macrophages. Gp120 has been shown to interfere with the normal function of CD4 and is at least partly responsible for the cytopathic effect of HIV.
MSH

glycoprotein encoded by HIV envelope gene (env) with a molecular weight of 120,000; interaction between gp120 and CD4 on T-helper cells is involved in the recognition of the cells by HIV and the binding of HIV to those cells.
CSP

A protein produced by the human immunodeficiency virus that functions as a viral anti-receptor attachment protein. The protein is localized to the viral envelope and mediates fusion between viral and cellular membranes.
NCI

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scrapie

A fatal disease of the nervous system in sheep and goats, characterized by pruritus, debility, and locomotor incoordination. It is caused by proteinaceous infectious particles called PRIONS.
MSH

fatal disease of the nervous system in sheep and goats, characterized by pruritus, debility, and locomotor incoordination, caused by proteinaceous infectious particles called prions.
CSP

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ortodoncie korekční

The phase of orthodontics concerned with the correction of malocclusion with proper appliances and prevention of its sequelae (Jablonski`s Illus. Dictionary of Dentistry).
MSH

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myristany

Salts and esters of the 14-carbon saturated monocarboxylic acid–myristic acid.
MSH

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cholerové vakcíny

vaccines or candidate vaccines used to prevent infection with Vibrio cholerae.
CSP

Vaccines or candidate vaccines used to prevent infection with VIBRIO CHOLERAE. The original cholera vaccine consisted of killed bacteria, but other kinds of vaccines now exist.
MSH

cholera vaccine


HL7V3.0

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HLA-DR7 antigen

A HLA-DR antigen that is associated with HLA-DRB1 CHAINS encoded by DRB1*07 alleles.
MSH

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semena rostlinná

The encapsulated embryos of flowering plants. They are used as is or for animal feed because of the high content of concentrated nutrients like starches, proteins, and fats. Rapeseed, cottonseed, and sunflower seed are also produced for the oils (fats) they yield.
MSH

structure containing 2 seed coats, endosperm tissue and embryo sporophyte, which serves to nourish and disperse plant sporophytes; usually formed inside flower.
CSP

The fertilized ovule of a gymnosperm or angiosperm.
NCI

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osteoartropatie sekundární hypertrofická

Symmetrical osteitis of the four limbs, chiefly localized to the phalanges and the terminal epiphyses of the long bones of the forearm and leg, sometimes extending to the proximal ends of the limbs and the flat bones, and accompanied by dorsal kyphosis and joint involvement. It is often secondary to chronic conditions of the lungs and heart. (Dorland, 27th ed)
MSH

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NADPH-dehydrogenasa

A flavoprotein that reversibly oxidizes NADPH to NADP and a reduced acceptor. EC 1.6.99.1.
MSH

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chondro-4-sulfatasa

An enzyme from the sulfuric ester hydrolase class that breaks down one of the products of the chondroitin lyase II reaction. EC 3.1.6.9.
MSH

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homosexualita

The sexual attraction or relationship between members of the same SEX.
MSH

sexual attraction or relationship between members of the same sex.
CSP

A sexual attraction to members of the same sex. (WordNet)
NCI

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semenný epitel

The epithelium lining the seminiferous tubules composed of primary male germ cells (SPERMATOGONIA) and supporting SERTOLI CELLS. As SPERMATOGENESIS proceeds, the developing germ cells migrate toward the lumen. The adluminal compartment, the inner two thirds of the tubules, contains SPERMATOCYTES and the more advanced germ cells.
MSH

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ostertagiáza

A disease of herbivorous mammals, particularly cattle and sheep, caused by stomach worms of the genus OSTERTAGIA.
MSH

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naftaleny

Two-ring crystalline hydrocarbons isolated from coal tar. They are used as intermediates in chemical synthesis, as insect repellents, fungicides, lubricants, preservatives, and, formerly, as topical antiseptics.
MSH

two-ring crystalline aromatic hydrocarbons isolated from coal tar; used as intermediates in chemical synthesis, as insect repellents, fungicides, lubricants, and preservatives.
CSP

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plexus chorioideus

A villous structure of tangled masses of BLOOD VESSELS contained within the third, lateral, and fourth ventricles of the BRAIN. It regulates part of the production and composition of CEREBROSPINAL FLUID.
MSH

secretory epithelium and associated blood vessels of the lateral, third, and fourth ventricles, which regulates production and composition of cerebrospinal fluid.
CSP

Blood vessels forming villous structures in the third, fourth, and lateral ventricles of the brain.
NCI

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nemocnice – restrukturalizace

Reorganization of the hospital corporate structure.
MSH

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séroepidemiologické studie

EPIDEMIOLOGIC STUDIES based on the detection through serological testing of characteristic change in the serum level of specific ANTIBODIES. Latent subclinical infections and carrier states can thus be detected in addition to clinically overt cases.
MSH

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ovulace – stanovení

Method to determine the occurrence of OVULATION by direct or indirect means. Indirect methods examine the effects of PROGESTERONE on cervical mucus (CERVIX MUCUS), or basal body temperature. Direct ovulation detection, generally used in fertility treatment, involves analyses of circulating hormones in blood and ULTRASONOGRAPHY.
MSH

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Informační centrum pro národní zdravotnické plánování (USA)

A center in the HEALTH RESOURCES ADMINISTRATION Division of Planning Methods and Technology which provides access to current information on health planning and resources development.
MSH

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chromoblastomykóza

Scaly papule or warty growth, caused by five fungi, that spreads as a result of satellite lesions affecting the foot or leg. The extremity may become swollen and, at its distal portion, covered with various nodular, tumorous, verrucous lesions that resemble cauliflower. In rare instances, the disease may begin on the hand or wrist and involve the entire upper extremity. (Arnold, Odom, and James, Andrew`s Diseases of the Skin, 8th ed, p362)
MSH

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nemocnice městské

Hospitals located in metropolitan areas.
MSH

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sexuální chování

totality of normal and abnormal, conscious and unconscious, overt and covert sensations, thoughts, feelings, and actions related to sexual organs and other erotogenic zones, including goals and techniques.
CSP

Sexual activities of humans.
MSH

A form of physical intimacy that can be directed to reproduction (one possible goal of sexual intercourse) and/or to enjoying the body of someone else; activities associated with sexual intercourse.
NCI

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Oxycefalie

Premature closing of the lambdoid and coronal sutures.
MSH

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Necturus

A genus of the Proteidae family with five recognized species, which inhabit the Atlantic and Gulf drainages.
MSH

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