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prospektivní platební výměrová komise

The commission charged with evaluating issues and factors which affect the implementation of the PROSPECTIVE PAYMENT SYSTEM.
MSH

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melarsoprol

Arsenical used in trypanosomiases. It may cause fatal encephalopathy and other undesirable side effects.
MSH

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glykolýza

A metabolic process that converts GLUCOSE into two molecules of PYRUVIC ACID through a series of enzymatic reactions. Energy generated by this process is conserved in two molecules of ATP. Glycolysis is the universal catabolic pathway for glucose, free glucose, or glucose derived from complex CARBOHYDRATES, such as GLYCOGEN and STARCH.
MSH

called the Embden-Meyerhoff or glycolytic pathway in which glucose is anaerobically catabolized into the simpler compounds lactic acid or pyruvic acid, resulting in energy stored in the form of ATP.
CSP

A process in which glucose (sugar) is partially broken down by cells in enzyme reactions that do not need oxygen. Glycolysis is one method that cells use to produce energy. When glycolysis is linked with other enzyme reactions that use oxygen, more complete breakdown of glucose is possible and more energy is produced.
NCI

The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of a monosaccharide (generally glucose) into pyruvate, with the concomitant production of a small amount of ATP. Pyruvate may be converted to ethanol, lactate, or other small molecules, or fed into the TCA cycle. [ISBN:0716720094]
GO

A series of anaerobic chemical reactions that cells utilize to produce energy. Glycolysis is a biochemical pathway in which glucose is catabolized into lactate or pyruvate via enzymatic reactions to generate ATP.
NCI

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kognitivní poruchy

disturbances in the mental process related to thinking, reasoning, and judgment.
CSP

A category of psychiatric disorders which are characterized by a deficit in cognition or memory.
NCI

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acetaminofen

Analgesic antipyretic derivative of acetanilide. It has weak anti-inflammatory properties and is used as a common analgesic, but may cause liver, blood cell, and kidney damage.
MSH

analgesic antipyretic derivative of acetanilide; weak antiinflammatory properties and is used as a common analgesic, but may cause liver, blood cell, and kidney damage.
CSP

A drug that reduces pain and fever (but not inflammation). It belongs to the family of drugs called analgesics.
NCI

A p-aminophenol derivative with analgesic and antipyretic activities. Although the exact mechanism through which acetaminophen exert its effects has yet to be fully determined, acetaminophen may inhibit the nitric oxide (NO) pathway mediated by a variety of neurotransmitter receptors including N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) and substance P, resulting in elevation of the pain threshold. The antipyretic activity may result from inhibition of prostaglandin synthesis and release in the central nervous system (CNS) and prostaglandin-mediated effects on the heat-regulating center in the anterior hypothalamus.
NCI

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prostituce

The practice of indulging in sexual relations for money.
MSH

selling or trading of sexual activities for money or other considerations.
CSP

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arteriae meningeae

Arteries which supply the dura mater.
MSH

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zlato – isotopy

Stable gold atoms that have the same atomic number as the element gold, but differ in atomic weight. Au-197 is a stable isotope.
MSH

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kolagen typ IX

A fibril-associated collagen usually found crosslinked to the surface of COLLAGEN TYPE II fibrils. It is a heterotrimer containing alpha1(IX), alpha2(IX) and alpha3(IX) subunits.
MSH

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acetyldigitoxiny

Cardioactive derivatives of lanatoside A or of DIGITOXIN. They are used for fast digitalization in congestive heart failure.
MSH

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proteoglykany

Glycoproteins which have a very high polysaccharide content.
MSH

family of glycoproteins with repeating disaccharide subunits, including the mucopolysaccharide glycoproteins (mucoproteins), and found in extracellular matrix.
CSP

A molecule that contains both protein and glycosaminoglycans, which are a type of polysaccharide. Proteoglycans are found in cartilage and other connective tissues.
NCI

A protein that has one or more glycosaminoglycans covalently attached.
NCI

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záznam o duševním stavu

Standardized clinical interview used to assess current psychopathology by scaling patient responses to the questions.
MSH

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transplantát – imunologická podpora

The induction of prolonged survival and growth of allografts of either tumors or normal tissues which would ordinarily be rejected. It may be induced passively by introducing graft-specific antibodies from previously immunized donors, which bind to the graft`s surface antigens, masking them from recognition by T-cells; or actively by prior immunization of the recipient with graft antigens which evoke specific antibodies and form antigen-antibody complexes which bind to the antigen receptor sites of the T-cells and block their cytotoxic activity.
MSH

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Colorado

A state in the Rocky Mountains of western United States. Its capital is Denver.
NCI

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kyseliny karbocyklické

Carboxylic acids that have a homocyclic ring structure in which all the ring atoms are carbon.
MSH

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pruská modř – reakce

The reaction of potassium ferrocyanide with ferric iron to yield a dark blue precipitate at the sites of the ferric iron. Used to determine ferric iron in tissues, particularly in the diagnosis of disorders of iron metabolism.
MSH

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mezenterium

A layer of the peritoneum which attaches the abdominal viscera to the ABDOMINAL WALL and conveys their blood vessels and nerves.
MSH

Organ subdivision of a serous sac (organ subdivision) composed of a double layer of serous membrane that suspends a viscus from the body wall or connects adjacent viscera and in doing so conveys blood vessels, lymphatics and nerves to and from the viscera. Examples: greater omentum, broad ligament of uterus, sigmoid mesocolon.
UWDA

peritoneal fold attaching the small intestine to the dorsal body wall.
CSP

Anatomical organ component composed of a double layer of serous membrane that suspends a viscus from the body wall or connects adjacent viscera and in doing so conveys blood vessels, lymphatics and nerves to and from the viscera. Examples: greater omentum, broad ligament of uterus, sigmoid mesocolon.
FMA

several layers of membrane in the abdomen that attach bowels to abdominal wall
CHV

The peritoneal membrane that attaches the intestines to the abdominal wall near the back.
NCI

A double layer of peritoneum that attaches to the back wall of the abdominal cavity and supports the small intestines.
NCI

Of, or relating to, or located in a mesentery.
NCI

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gravitace

Acceleration produced by the mutual attraction of two masses, and of magnitude inversely proportional to the square of the distance between the two centers of mass. It is also the force imparted by the earth, moon, or a planet to an object near its surface. (From NASA Thesaurus, 1988)
MSH

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komunikační poruchy

Disorders of verbal and nonverbal communication caused by receptive or expressive LANGUAGE DISORDERS, cognitive dysfunction (e.g., MENTAL RETARDATION), psychiatric conditions, and HEARING DISORDERS.
MSH

any of various disorders characterized by impaired verbal or nonverbal exchange or impaired transmission of thoughts, messages, or information.
CSP

detection of diminished ability to exchange thoughts, opinions, information, or other forms of communication such as disorders of language, reading, speech and hearing.
CSP

A disorder characterized by an individual`s inability to comprehend or share ideas or feelings because of an impairment in language, speech, or hearing.
NCI

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akrylonitril

A highly poisonous compound used widely in the manufacture of plastics, adhesives and synthetic rubber.
MSH

A substance used to make plastics, rubber, and textiles. Exposure to acrylonitrile may increase the risk of developing certain cancers (such as lung, brain, or prostate cancer).
NCI

A colorless, volatile liquid with a pungent, onion-like odor. Acrylonitrile is widely used in industry to produce rubber, resins, plastics, elastomers and synthetic fibers and to manufacture carbon fibers used in aircraft, defense and aerospace industries. Exposure to acrylonitrile irritates the mucous membranes and causes a headache, nausea, dizziness, impaired judgment, difficulty breathing, limb weakness, cyanosis, convulsions and collapse. Acrylonitrile is reasonably anticipated to be a human carcinogen and may be associated with an increased risk of developing lung and prostate cancer. (NCI05)
NCI

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psychiatrie – pomocný personál

Persons who assist in the routine care of psychiatric persons, usually under the supervision of the nursing department.
MSH

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kovy vzácných zemin

A group of elements that include SCANDIUM; YTTRIUM; and the LANTHANOID SERIES ELEMENTS. Historically, the rare earth metals got their name from the fact that they were never found in their pure elemental form, but as an oxide. In addition they were very difficult to purify. They are not truly rare and comprise about 25% of the metals in the earth`s crust.
MSH

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Guam

An island in Micronesia, east of the Philippines, the largest and southernmost of the Marianas. Its capital is Agana. It was discovered by Magellan in 1521 and occupied by Spain in 1565. They ceded it to the United States in 1898. It is an unincorporated territory of the United States, administered by the Department of the Interior since 1950. The derivation of the name Guam is in dispute. (From Webster`s New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p471)
MSH

Island in the North Pacific Ocean, about three-quarters of the way from Hawaii to the Philippines. (NCI)
NCI

Island in the North Pacific Ocean, about three-quarters of the way from Hawaii to the Philippines. (CIA World Factbook 2002)
NCI

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komplement C3a

The smaller fragment generated from the cleavage of complement C3 by C3 CONVERTASE. C3a, a 77-amino acid peptide, is a mediator of local inflammatory process. It induces smooth MUSCLE CONTRACTION, and HISTAMINE RELEASE from MAST CELLS and LEUKOCYTES. C3a is considered an anaphylatoxin along with COMPLEMENT C4A; COMPLEMENT C5A; and COMPLEMENT C5A, DES-ARGININE.
MSH

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akutní nemoc

Disease having a short and relatively severe course.
MSH

disease or disorder which has a short and relatively severe course; post coordinate with specific disease or disorder if appropriate.
CSP

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psychomotorické poruchy

Abnormalities of motor function that are associated with organic and non-organic cognitive disorders.
MSH

abnormalities of motor function that are associated with organic and nonorganic cognitive disorders.
CSP

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methemalbumin

A 1:1 molar complex of heme or hematin and albumin formed after the dissociation of methemoglobin into heme or hematin and globin in plasma. This complex, which imparts a coffee-brown color to plasma, occurs in hemolytic and hemorrhagic disorders. Its presence in plasma is used as a test to differentiate between hemorrhagic and edematous pancreatitis.
MSH

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gymnastika

Systematic physical exercise. This includes calisthenics, a system of light gymnastics for promoting strength and grace of carriage.
MSH

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Uitgebreide planning van de gezondheidszorg

medical and nursing care program designed for a particular patient providing for the full range of personal health services for diagnosis, treatment, follow-up and rehabilitation of patients.
CSP

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adenosarkom

A malignant neoplasm arising simultaneously or consecutively in mesodermal tissue and glandular epithelium of the same part. (Stedman, 25th ed)
MSH

A tumor that is a mixture of an adenoma (a tumor that starts in the gland-like cells of epithelial tissue) and a sarcoma (a tumor that starts in bone, cartilage, fat, muscle, blood vessels, or other connective or supportive tissue). An example of an adenosarcoma is Wilms tumor.
NCI

A low grade malignant neoplasm characterized by the presence of a benign epithelial component (tubular and cleft-like glands) and a low grade sarcomatous component that contains varying amounts of fibrous and smooth muscle tissues. In a minority of cases, the sarcomatous component contains heterologous elements including striated muscle, cartilage, and fat. It occurs in the uterine corpus, ovary, fallopian tube, cervix, and vagina. It may recur and in a minority of cases may metastasize to distant anatomic sites.
NCI

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