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prasata

Any of various animals that constitute the family Suidae and comprise stout-bodied, short-legged omnivorous mammals with thick skin, usually covered with coarse bristles, a rather long mobile snout, and small tail. Included are the genera Babyrousa, Phacochoerus (wart hogs), and Sus, the latter containing the domestic pig (see SUS SCROFA).
MSH

any of various stout-bodied short-legged omnivorous mammals (family Suidae) with a thick bristly skin and a long flexible snout; especially a domesticated member of the species (Sus scrofa) that includes the European wild boar.
CSP

Taxonomic family which includes the domestic pig
NCI

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Leptospira interrogans sérovar canicola

A serovar of the bacterial species LEPTOSPIRA INTERROGANS, whose natural host is DOGS where disease is characterized by GASTROENTERITIS, and INTERSTITIAL NEPHRITIS.
MSH

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Plasmodium

genus in the order Haemosporida; protozoa that comprise the malaria parasites of mammals; four species infect humans (although occasional infections with primate malarias may occur): P. falciparum, P. malariae, P. ovale, and P. vivax; species causing infection in vertebrates other than man include: P. berghei, P. chabaudi, P. vinckei, and P. yoelii in rodents; P. brasilianum, P. cynomolgi, and P. knowlesi in monkeys; and P. gallinaceum in chickens.
CSP

A genus of protozoa that comprise the malaria parasites of mammals. Four species infect humans (although occasional infections with primate malarias may occur). These are PLASMODIUM FALCIPARUM; PLASMODIUM MALARIAE; PLASMODIUM OVALE, and PLASMODIUM VIVAX. Species causing infection in vertebrates other than man include: PLASMODIUM BERGHEI; PLASMODIUM CHABAUDI; P. vinckei, and PLASMODIUM YOELII in rodents; P. brasilianum, PLASMODIUM CYNOMOLGI; and PLASMODIUM KNOWLESI in monkeys; and PLASMODIUM GALLINACEUM in chickens.
MSH

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rybí jedy

Venoms produced by FISHES, including SHARKS and sting rays, usually delivered by spines. They contain various substances, including very labile toxins that affect the HEART specifically and all MUSCLES generally.
MSH

poison produced by fish, toxic to other living organisms.
CSP

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karboxylesterhydrolasy

Enzymes which catalyze the hydrolysis of carboxylic acid esters with the formation of an alcohol and a carboxylic acid anion.
MSH

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syfilis

A contagious venereal disease caused by the spirochete TREPONEMA PALLIDUM.
MSH

subacute to chronic infectious venereal disease caused by the spirochete treponema pallidum.
CSP

Syphilis is a sexually transmitted disease caused by bacteria. It infects the genital area, lips, mouth, or anus of both men and women. You usually get syphilis from sexual contact with someone who has it. It can also pass from mother to baby during pregnancy.

The early stage of syphilis usually causes a single, small, painless sore. Sometimes it causes swelling in nearby lymph nodes. If you do not treat it, syphilis usually causes a non-itchy skin rash, often on your hands and feet. Many people do not notice symptoms for years. Symptoms can go away and come back.

The sores caused by syphilis make it easier to get or give someone HIV during sex. If you are pregnant, syphilis can cause birth defects, or you could lose your baby. In rare cases, syphilis causes serious health problems and even death.

Syphilis is easy to cure with antibiotics if you catch it early. Correct usage of latex condoms greatly reduces, but does not completely eliminate, the risk of catching or spreading syphilis.

NIH: National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases


MEDLINEPLUS

A contagious bacterial infection caused by the spirochete Treponema pallidum. It is a sexually transmitted disorder, although it can also be transmitted from the mother to the fetus in utero. Typically, it is initially manifested with a single sore which heals without treatment. If the infection is left untreated, the initial stage is followed by skin rash and mucous membrane lesions. A late stage follows, which is characterized by damage of the internal organs, including the nervous system.
NCI

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leukémie megakaryoblastická akutní

An acute myeloid leukemia in which 20-30% of the bone marrow or peripheral blood cells are of megakaryocyte lineage. MYELOFIBROSIS or increased bone marrow RETICULIN is common.
MSH

An acute myeloid leukemia in which at least 50% of the blasts are of megakaryocytic lineage. The prognosis is usually poor. (WHO, 2001)
NCI

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princip potěšení-bolest

The psychoanalytic concept that man instinctively seeks to avoid pain and discomfort and strives for gratification and pleasure.
MSH

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záplavy

Sudden onset water phenomena with different speed of occurrence. These include flash floods, seasonal river floods, and coastal floods, associated with CYCLONIC STORMS; TIDALWAVES; and storm surges.
MSH

Floods are common in the United States. Weather such as heavy rain, thunderstorms or hurricanes can cause flooding. Flooding can also happen when a river or stream overflows its bank, when a levee is breached, or when a dam breaks. Flash floods, which can develop quickly, often have a dangerous wall of roaring water. The wall carries rocks, mud, and rubble and can sweep away most things in its path.

Be aware of flood hazards no matter where you live, but especially if you live in a low-lying area, near water or downstream from a dam. Although there are no guarantees of safety during a flood, you can take actions to protect yourself. You should have a disaster plan. Being prepared can help reduce fear, anxiety and losses.

Federal Emergency Management Agency


MEDLINEPLUS

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karcinom z ledvinných buněk

A heterogeneous group of sporadic or hereditary carcinoma derived from cells of the KIDNEYS. There are several subtypes including the clear cells, the papillary, the chromophobe, the collecting duct, the spindle cells (sarcomatoid), or mixed cell-type carcinoma.
MSH

cancerous kidney tumor composed of tubular cells; usually occurs in middle age or later in life; primary symptom is hematuria; nephrectomy is usually necessary.
CSP

The most common type of kidney cancer. It begins in the lining of the renal tubules in the kidney. The renal tubules filter the blood and produce urine.
NCI

A carcinoma arising from the renal parenchyma. The incidence of renal cell carcinoma has increased by 35% from 1973 to 1991. There is a strong correlation between cigarette smoking and the development of renal cell carcinoma. The clinical presentation includes : hematuria, flank pain and a palpable lumbar mass. A high percentage of renal cell carcinomas are diagnosed when an ultrasound is performed for other purposes. Diagnostic procedures include: ultra sound, intravenous pyelography and computed tomography (CT). Radical nephrectomy is the standard intervention procedure. Renal cell carcinoma is generally considered to be resistant to radiation treatment and chemotherapy.
NCI

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Tádžikistán

A country in Central Asia, west of China. (NCI)
NCI

A country in Central Asia, west of China. (CIA World Factbook 2002)
NCI

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leukodystrofie metachromatická

An autosomal recessive metabolic disease caused by a deficiency of CEREBROSIDE-SULFATASE leading to intralysosomal accumulation of cerebroside sulfate (SULFOGLYCOSPHINGOLIPIDS) in the nervous system and other organs. Pathological features include diffuse demyelination, and metachromatically-staining granules in many cell types such as the GLIAL CELLS. There are several allelic and nonallelic forms with a variety of neurological symptoms.
MSH

autosomal recessive lysosomal storage disease caused by a deficiency of cerebroside sulfatase leading to an accumulation of cerebroside sulfate in the nervous system and other organs.
CSP

An autosomal recessive inherited disorder characterized by abnormalities in the development of the myelin sheaths. It is caused by a deficiency of the enzyme arylsulfatase A. There are three forms of this disease: late infantile, juvenile, and adult. In the late infantile form symptoms include muscle weakness and rigidity, gait disturbances, developmental delays, and seizures. In the juvenile form symptoms include gait disturbances, mental deterioration and seizures. The adult form is characterized by psychotic symptoms and dementia.
NCI

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pneumonie progresivní intersticiální ovcí

Chronic respiratory disease caused by the VISNA-MAEDI VIRUS. It was formerly believed to be identical with jaagsiekte (PULMONARY ADENOMATOSIS, OVINE) but is now recognized as a separate entity.
MSH

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fluoridy

Inorganic salts of hydrofluoric acid, HF, in which the fluorine atom is in the -1 oxidation state. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed) Sodium and stannous salts are commonly used in dentifrices.
MSH

A form of the element fluorine that helps prevent tooth decay. Fluoride may be naturally present in drinking water or may be added to it. Fluoride may also be put directly on the teeth, as a gel, toothpaste, or a rinse.
NCI

Fluorine ion requiring removal of one electron to return to its elemental state.
NCI

Considered a trace element, fluoride is any combination of elements containing the fluorine atom in the -1 oxidation state (fluoride ion). Due to its reactivity, fluorine is found in nature as fluorine compounds or fluorides. Fluoride inhibits various enzyme systems, erythrocyte glycolysis and binds Ca++, causing anticoagulation and other toxic effects. In addition, fluoride is a mitogen for osteoblasts and stimulates bone formation. (NCI)
NCI

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profesní mobilita

The upward or downward mobility in an occupation or the change from one occupation to another.
MSH

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tetování

The indelible marking of TISSUES, primarily SKIN, by pricking it with NEEDLES to imbed various COLORING AGENTS. Tattooing of the CORNEA is done to colorize LEUKOMA spots.
MSH

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knihovnické služby

Services offered to the library user. They include reference and circulation.
MSH

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poliovirové vakcíny

vaccine used to prevent poliomyelitis, including inactivated and oral vaccines.
CSP

Vaccines used to prevent POLIOMYELITIS. They include inactivated (POLIOVIRUS VACCINE, INACTIVATED) and oral vaccines (POLIOVIRUS VACCINE, ORAL).
MSH

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epilepsie parciální motorická

A simple partial seizure consisting of clonus or spasm of a muscle or muscle group; it may be single or in a continuous and repetitive series or may spread to adjacent muscles.
NCI

A disorder characterized by recurrent localized paroxysmal discharges of cerebral neurons that give rise to seizures that have motor manifestations. The majority of partial motor seizures originate in the FRONTAL LOBE (see also EPILEPSY, FRONTAL LOBE). Motor seizures may manifest as tonic or clonic movements involving the face, one limb or one side of the body. A variety of more complex patterns of movement, including abnormal posturing of extremities, may also occur.
MSH

A simple partial seizure consisting of clonus or spasm of a muscle or muscle group; it may be single or in a continuous and repetitive series or may spread to adjacent muscles.
NCI

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Articaine hydrochloride

The hydrochloride salt form of articaine, an amide-type local anesthetic. Articaine hydrochloride reversibly blocks nerve impulse conduction by binding to specific membrane sodium ion channels thereby interfering with the electrical excitation in the nerve, slowing the propagation of the nerve impulse and reducing the rate of rise of the action potential. This results in a loss of sensation at the injection site. Articaine hydrochloride is used for relief of pain in minor operations, usually in combination with the vasoconstrictor epinephrine.
NCI

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teleangiektazie

Permanent dilation of preexisting blood vessels (CAPILLARIES; ARTERIOLES; VENULES) creating small focal red lesions, most commonly in the skin or mucous membranes. It is characterized by the prominence of skin blood vessels, such as vascular spiders.
MSH

localized convolution and dilatation of a group of small blood vessels, leading to hemorrhage and angioma.
CSP

The permanent enlargement of blood vessels, causing redness in the skin or mucous membranes.
NCI

A disorder characterized by local dilatation of small vessels resulting in red discoloration of the skin or mucous membranes.
NCI

a visibly dilated blood vessel on the skin
CHV

Local dilatation of small vessels resulting in red discoloration of the skin or mucous membranes.
NCI

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světlo

That portion of the electromagnetic spectrum in the visible, ultraviolet, and infrared range.
MSH

illumination of an environment and the arrangement of lights to achieve an effect or optimal visibility.
CSP

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polycythemia vera

A myeloproliferative disorder of unknown etiology, characterized by abnormal proliferation of all hematopoietic bone marrow elements and an absolute increase in red cell mass and total blood volume, associated frequently with splenomegaly, leukocytosis, and thrombocythemia. Hematopoiesis is also reactive in extramedullary sites (liver and spleen). In time myelofibrosis occurs.
MSH

myeloproliferative disorder characterized by abnormal proliferation of all hematopoietic bone marrow elements and an absolute increase in red cell mass and total blood volume; associated frequently with splenomegaly, leukocytosis, and thrombocythemia.
CSP

a condition that produces excessive red blood cells
CHV

A disease in which there are too many red blood cells in the bone marrow and blood, causing the blood to thicken. The number of white blood cells and platelets may also increase. The extra blood cells may collect in the spleen and cause it to become enlarged. They may also cause bleeding problems and make clots form in blood vessels.
NCI

A chronic myeloproliferative neoplasm characterized by an increased red blood cell production. Excessive proliferation of the myeloid lineage is observed as well. The major symptoms are related to hypertension or to vascular abnormalities caused by the increased red cell mass. The cause is unknown. With currently available treatment, the median survival exceeds 10 years. (WHO, 2001)
NCI

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stravovací služby

Functions, equipment, and facilities concerned with the preparation and distribution of ready-to-eat food.
MSH

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katecholy

A group of 1,2-benzenediols that contain the general formula R-C6H5O2.
MSH

ortho-hydroxy phenol, the ring structure of catecholamines, an important class of intercellular transmitter molecules.
CSP

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EPIKONDILITIS HUMERALA

A condition characterized by pain in or near the lateral humeral epicondyle or in the forearm extensor muscle mass as a result of unusual strain. It occurs in tennis players as well as housewives, artisans, and violinists.
MSH

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lipidy – mobilizace

LIPOLYSIS of stored LIPIDS in the ADIPOSE TISSUE to release FREE FATTY ACIDS. Mobilization of stored lipids is under the regulation of lipolytic signals (CATECHOLAMINES) or anti-lipolytic signals (INSULIN) via their actions on the hormone-sensitive LIPASE. This concept does not include lipid transport.
MSH

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polynukleotidligasy

Catalyze the joining of preformed ribonucleotides or deoxyribonucleotides in phosphodiester linkage during genetic processes. EC 6.5.1.
MSH

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zahraniční odborný personál

Persons who have acquired academic or specialized training in countries other than that in which they are working. The concept excludes physicians for which FOREIGN MEDICAL GRADUATES is the likely heading.
MSH

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Cayman Islands

An island group in the Caribbean Sea, nearly one-half of the way from Cuba to Honduras. (NCI)
NCI

An island group in the Caribbean Sea, nearly one-half of the way from Cuba to Honduras. (CIA World Factbook 2002)
NCI

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