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fyziologické procesy

see:http://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/MBrowser.html
AOT

Any process specifically pertinent to the functioning of integrated living units: cells, tissues, organs, and organisms. A process is a collection of molecular events with a defined beginning and end. [GOC:go_curators, GOC:isa_complete]
GO

The functions and activities of living organisms that support life in single- or multi-cellular organisms from their origin through the progression of life.
MSH

A biologic function, activity, or process involving either specialized organ functions, individual organs, organ systems, body parts, or whole organisms.
NCI

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meningitida aseptická

A syndrome characterized by headache, neck stiffness, low grade fever, and CSF lymphocytic pleocytosis in the absence of an acute bacterial pathogen. Viral meningitis is the most frequent cause although MYCOPLASMA INFECTIONS; RICKETTSIA INFECTIONS; diagnostic or therapeutic procedures; NEOPLASTIC PROCESSES; septic perimeningeal foci; and other conditions may result in this syndrome. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p745)
MSH

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golf

A game whose object is to sink a ball into each of 9 or 18 successive holes on a golf course using as few strokes as possible.
MSH

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Sulfuric acid

A strong acid that, when concentrated is extremely corrosive to the skin and mucous membranes. It is used in making fertilizers, dyes, electroplating, and industrial explosives.
NCI

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chondroitinlyasy

Enzymes which catalyze the elimination of delta-4,5-D-glucuronate residues from polysaccharides containing 1,4-beta-hexosaminyl and 1,3-beta-D-glucuronosyl or 1,3-alpha-L-iduronosyl linkages thereby bringing about depolymerization. EC 4.2.2.4 acts on chondroitin sulfate A and C as well as on dermatan sulfate and slowly on hyaluronate. EC 4.2.2.5 acts on chondroitin sulfate A and C.
MSH

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pilonidální sinus

A hair-containing cyst or sinus, occurring chiefly in the coccygeal region.
MSH

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mefentermin

A sympathomimetic agent with specificity for alpha-1 adrenergic receptors. It is used to maintain BLOOD PRESSURE in hypotensive states such as following SPINAL ANESTHESIA.
MSH

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gramnegativní aerobní baktérie

A large group of aerobic bacteria which show up as pink (negative) when treated by the gram-staining method. This is because the cell walls of gram-negative bacteria are low in peptidoglycan and thus have low affinity for violet stain and high affinity for the pink dye safranine.
MSH

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nucleus supraopticus

Hypothalamic nucleus overlying the beginning of the optic tract.
MSH

sharply defined group of nerve cell bodies in the anterior hypothalamic region immediately above the lateral part of the optic chiasm; many of its cells are neurosecretory in function, secreting antidiuretic hormone; other cells are osmoreceptors.
CSP

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chromafinní granula

Organelles in CHROMAFFIN CELLS located in the adrenal glands and various other organs. These granules are the site of the synthesis, storage, metabolism, and secretion of EPINEPHRINE and NOREPINEPHRINE.
MSH

Specialized secretory vesicle found in the cells of adrenal glands and various other organs, which is concerned with the synthesis, storage, metabolism, and secretion of epinephrine and norepinephrine. [GOC:jl, PMID:19158310, PMID:1961743]
GO

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hypofýza

A small, unpaired gland situated in the SELLA TURCICA. It is connected to the HYPOTHALAMUS by a short stalk.
MSH

epithelial body located at the base of the brain in the sella turcica, attached by a stalk to the hypothalamus from which it receives important neural and vascular outflow; it consists of the anterior lobe, or adenohypophysis, which secretes most of the hormones, the posterior lobe or neurohypophysis, which stores and releases neurohormones that it receives from the hypothalamus, and an intermediate lobe.
CSP

The main endocrine gland. It produces hormones that control other glands and many body functions, especially growth.
NCI

Pea-sized endocrine gland located at the base of the brain in the pituitary fossa. It produces and secretes hormones such as oxytocin and vasopressin, to regulate the activities of the hypothalamus.
NCI

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mezonefrom

A rare tumor of the female genital tract, most often the ovary, formerly considered to be derived from mesonephric rests. Two varieties are recognized: (1) clear cell carcinoma, so called because of its histologic resemblance to renal cell carcinoma, and now considered to be of muellerian duct derivation and (2) an embryonal tumor (called also ENDODERMAL SINUS TUMOR and yolk sac tumor), occurring chiefly in children. The latter variety may also arise in the testis. (Dorland, 27th ed)
MSH

An adenocarcinoma of the cervix or the vagina arising from mesonephric remnants.
NCI

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Grónsko

An island between the Arctic Ocean and the North Atlantic Ocean, northeast of Canada. (NCI)
NCI

An island between the Arctic Ocean and the North Atlantic Ocean, northeast of Canada. (CIA World Factbook 2002)
NCI

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chirurgické laloky

Tongues of skin and subcutaneous tissue, sometimes including muscle, cut away from the underlying parts but often still attached at one end. They retain their own microvasculature which is also transferred to the new site. They are often used in plastic surgery for filling a defect in a neighboring region.
MSH

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chromozomální aberace

Abnormal number or structure of chromosomes. Chromosome aberrations may result in CHROMOSOME DISORDERS.
MSH

irregularity in the number or structure of chromosomes that may alter the course of development.
CSP

An irregularity in the number or structure of chromosomes, usually in the form of a gain (duplication), loss (deletion), exchange (translocation), or alteration in sequence (inversion) of genetic material.
NCI

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ploštěnky

Nonparasitic free-living flatworms of the class Turbellaria. The most common genera are Dugesia, formerly Planaria, which lives in water, and Bipalium, which lives on land. Geoplana occurs in South America and California.
MSH

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Squamous metaplasia

A morphologic finding indicating the transformation of glandular or transitional epithelial cells to, usually, mature squamous epithelial cells. Representative examples include squamous metaplasia of bronchial epithelium, cervix, urinary bladder, and prostate gland.
NCI

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guanindeaminasa

An enzyme that catalyzes the deamination of guanine to form xanthine. EC 3.5.4.3.
MSH

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prasata

Any of various animals that constitute the family Suidae and comprise stout-bodied, short-legged omnivorous mammals with thick skin, usually covered with coarse bristles, a rather long mobile snout, and small tail. Included are the genera Babyrousa, Phacochoerus (wart hogs), and Sus, the latter containing the domestic pig (see SUS SCROFA).
MSH

any of various stout-bodied short-legged omnivorous mammals (family Suidae) with a thick bristly skin and a long flexible snout; especially a domesticated member of the species (Sus scrofa) that includes the European wild boar.
CSP

Taxonomic family which includes the domestic pig
NCI

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chromozómy lidské, pár 3

A specific pair of human chromosomes in group A (CHROMOSOMES, HUMAN, 1-3) of the human chromosome classification.
MSH

The designation for each member of the third largest human autosomal chromosome pair. Chromosome 3 spans almost 200 million base pairs and represents about 6.5% of the total DNA in normal diploid cells.
NCI

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Plasmodium

genus in the order Haemosporida; protozoa that comprise the malaria parasites of mammals; four species infect humans (although occasional infections with primate malarias may occur): P. falciparum, P. malariae, P. ovale, and P. vivax; species causing infection in vertebrates other than man include: P. berghei, P. chabaudi, P. vinckei, and P. yoelii in rodents; P. brasilianum, P. cynomolgi, and P. knowlesi in monkeys; and P. gallinaceum in chickens.
CSP

A genus of protozoa that comprise the malaria parasites of mammals. Four species infect humans (although occasional infections with primate malarias may occur). These are PLASMODIUM FALCIPARUM; PLASMODIUM MALARIAE; PLASMODIUM OVALE, and PLASMODIUM VIVAX. Species causing infection in vertebrates other than man include: PLASMODIUM BERGHEI; PLASMODIUM CHABAUDI; P. vinckei, and PLASMODIUM YOELII in rodents; P. brasilianum, PLASMODIUM CYNOMOLGI; and PLASMODIUM KNOWLESI in monkeys; and PLASMODIUM GALLINACEUM in chickens.
MSH

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metergolin

A dopamine agonist and serotonin antagonist. It has been used similarly to BROMOCRIPTINE as a dopamine agonist and also for MIGRAINE DISORDERS therapy.
MSH

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Romové

Ethnic group originating in India and entering Europe in the 14th or 15th century.
MSH

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syfilis

A contagious venereal disease caused by the spirochete TREPONEMA PALLIDUM.
MSH

subacute to chronic infectious venereal disease caused by the spirochete treponema pallidum.
CSP

Syphilis is a sexually transmitted disease caused by bacteria. It infects the genital area, lips, mouth, or anus of both men and women. You usually get syphilis from sexual contact with someone who has it. It can also pass from mother to baby during pregnancy.

The early stage of syphilis usually causes a single, small, painless sore. Sometimes it causes swelling in nearby lymph nodes. If you do not treat it, syphilis usually causes a non-itchy skin rash, often on your hands and feet. Many people do not notice symptoms for years. Symptoms can go away and come back.

The sores caused by syphilis make it easier to get or give someone HIV during sex. If you are pregnant, syphilis can cause birth defects, or you could lose your baby. In rare cases, syphilis causes serious health problems and even death.

Syphilis is easy to cure with antibiotics if you catch it early. Correct usage of latex condoms greatly reduces, but does not completely eliminate, the risk of catching or spreading syphilis.

NIH: National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases


MEDLINEPLUS

A contagious bacterial infection caused by the spirochete Treponema pallidum. It is a sexually transmitted disorder, although it can also be transmitted from the mother to the fetus in utero. Typically, it is initially manifested with a single sore which heals without treatment. If the infection is left untreated, the initial stage is followed by skin rash and mucous membrane lesions. A late stage follows, which is characterized by damage of the internal organs, including the nervous system.
NCI

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cinanserin

A serotonin antagonist with limited antihistaminic, anticholinergic, and immunosuppressive activity.
MSH

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princip potěšení-bolest

The psychoanalytic concept that man instinctively seeks to avoid pain and discomfort and strives for gratification and pleasure.
MSH

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methylcelulosa

Methylester of cellulose. Methylcellulose is used as an emulsifying and suspending agent in cosmetics, pharmaceutics and the chemical industry. It is used therapeutically as a bulk laxative.
MSH

methylester of cellulose; used as an emulsifying and suspending agent in cosmetics, pharmaceutics and the chemical industry and is used therapeutically as a bulk laxative.
CSP

The methyl ether of cellulose with laxative activity. Methylcellulose is not absorbed by the intestines and attracts large amounts of water into the colon, thereby increasing viscosity, producing a softer and bulkier stool and stimulating the constriction of intestinal smooth muscles.
NCI

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Hallervordenův-Spatzův syndrom

A rare autosomal recessive degenerative disorder which usually presents in late childhood or adolescence. Clinical manifestations include progressive MUSCLE SPASTICITY; hyperreflexia; MUSCLE RIGIDITY; DYSTONIA; DYSARTHRIA; and intellectual deterioration which progresses to severe dementia over several years. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p972; Davis & Robertson, Textbook of Neuropathology, 2nd ed, pp972-929)
MSH

A rare autosomal recessive inherited disorder caused by mutations in the PANK2 gene. It is characterized by abnormal accumulation of iron in the basal ganglia. Signs and symptoms include progressive motor disturbances, muscle spasm and rigidity, dysarthria, mental deterioration, and behavioral changes.
NCI

A rare neuroaxonal dystrophy, histologically characterized by axonal spheroids, iron deposition, lewy body (LB)-like intraneuronal inclusions and neurofibrillary tangles.
NCI

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Tádžikistán

A country in Central Asia, west of China. (NCI)
NCI

A country in Central Asia, west of China. (CIA World Factbook 2002)
NCI

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civilizace

The distinctly human attributes and attainments of a particular society.
MSH

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