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oznobenina

Recurrent localized itching, swelling and painful erythema on the fingers, toes or ears, produced by exposure to cold. It is also called pernio.
MSH

A rare condition characterized by skin inflammation, blister formation, swelling and ulcerations in the extremities. It occurs in persons exposed to cold temperatures.
NCI

Price: $1.00

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hydroxysteroidy

steroids in which one or more hydroxy groups have been substituted for hydrogen atoms either within the ring skeleton or on any of the side chains.
CSP

Price: $1.00

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pruská modř – reakce

The reaction of potassium ferrocyanide with ferric iron to yield a dark blue precipitate at the sites of the ferric iron. Used to determine ferric iron in tissues, particularly in the diagnosis of disorders of iron metabolism.
MSH

Price: $1.00

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neurofibromatóza 2

An autosomal dominant disorder characterized by a high incidence of bilateral acoustic neuromas as well as schwannomas (NEURILEMMOMA) of other cranial and peripheral nerves, and other benign intracranial tumors including meningiomas, ependymomas, spinal neurofibromas, and gliomas. The disease has been linked to mutations of the NF2 gene (GENES, NEUROFIBROMATOSIS 2) on chromosome 22 (22q12) and usually presents clinically in the first or second decade of life.
MSH

A genetic condition in which tumors form on the nerves of the inner ear and cause loss of hearing and balance. Tumors may also occur in the brain and on nerves in the skull and spinal cord, and may cause loss of speech, eye movement, and the ability to swallow.
NCI

An autosomal dominant disorder caused by mutations in the NF2 tumor suppressor gene. It is characterized by the development of peripheral and central nervous system tumors including acoustic schwannomas, neurofibromas, gliomas, and meningiomas.
NCI

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akrylonitril

A highly poisonous compound used widely in the manufacture of plastics, adhesives and synthetic rubber.
MSH

A substance used to make plastics, rubber, and textiles. Exposure to acrylonitrile may increase the risk of developing certain cancers (such as lung, brain, or prostate cancer).
NCI

A colorless, volatile liquid with a pungent, onion-like odor. Acrylonitrile is widely used in industry to produce rubber, resins, plastics, elastomers and synthetic fibers and to manufacture carbon fibers used in aircraft, defense and aerospace industries. Exposure to acrylonitrile irritates the mucous membranes and causes a headache, nausea, dizziness, impaired judgment, difficulty breathing, limb weakness, cyanosis, convulsions and collapse. Acrylonitrile is reasonably anticipated to be a human carcinogen and may be associated with an increased risk of developing lung and prostate cancer. (NCI05)
NCI

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Chile

A country in Southern South America, bordering the South Atlantic Ocean and South Pacific Ocean, between Argentina and Peru. (NCI)
NCI

Description:Realm code for use of Chile


HL7V3.0

A country in Southern South America, bordering the South Atlantic Ocean and South Pacific Ocean, between Argentina and Peru. (CIA World Factbook 2002)
NCI

Price: $1.00

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hyperkalémie

Abnormally high potassium concentration in the blood, most often due to defective renal excretion. It is characterized clinically by electrocardiographic abnormalities (elevated T waves and depressed P waves, and eventually by atrial asystole). In severe cases, weakness and flaccid paralysis may occur. (Dorland, 27th ed)
MSH

abnormally high potassium concentration in the blood, most often due to defective renal excretion; characterized clinically by electrocardiographic abnormalities; in severe cases, weakness and flaccid paralysis may occur.
CSP

A disorder characterized by laboratory test results that indicate an elevation in the concentration of potassium in the blood; associated with kidney failure or sometimes with the use of diuretic drugs.
NCI

Higher than normal levels of potassium in the circulating blood; associated with kidney failure or sometimes with the use of diuretic drugs.
NCI

Price: $1.00

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psychiatrie – pomocný personál

Persons who assist in the routine care of psychiatric persons, usually under the supervision of the nursing department.
MSH

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neuropsychologické testy

Tests designed to assess neurological function associated with certain behaviors. They are used in diagnosing brain dysfunction or damage and central nervous system disorders or injury.
MSH

tests designed to assess neurological function associated with certain behaviors; used in diagnosing brain dysfunction or damage and central nervous system disorders or injury.
CSP

Price: $1.00

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akutní nemoc

Disease having a short and relatively severe course.
MSH

disease or disorder which has a short and relatively severe course; post coordinate with specific disease or disorder if appropriate.
CSP

Price: $1.00

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chlorhexidin

A disinfectant and topical anti-infective agent used also as mouthwash to prevent oral plaque.
MSH

disinfectant and topical anti-infective agent used also as mouthwash to prevent oral plaque.
CSP

A biguanide compound used as an antiseptic agent with topical antibacterial activity. Chlorhexidine is positively charged and reacts with the negatively charged microbial cell surface, thereby destroying the integrity of the cell membrane. Subsequently, chlorhexidine penetrates into the cell and causes leakage of intracellular components leading to cell death. Since gram positive bacteria are more negatively charged, they are more sensitive to this agent. Check for “http://www.cancer.gov/Search/ClinicalTrialsLink.aspx?id=41544&idtype=1″ active clinical trials or “http://www.cancer.gov/Search/ClinicalTrialsLink.aspx?id=41544&idtype=1&closed=1″ closed clinical trials using this agent. (“http://nciterms.nci.nih.gov:80/NCIBrowser/ConceptReport.jsp?dictionary=NCI_Thesaurus&code=C364″ NCI Thesaurus)
PDQ

A biguanide compound used as an antiseptic agent with topical antibacterial activity. Chlorhexidine is positively charged and reacts with the negatively charged microbial cell surface, thereby destroying the integrity of the cell membrane. Subsequently, chlorhexidine penetrates into the cell and causes leakage of intracellular components leading to cell death. Since gram positive bacteria are more negatively charged, they are more sensitive to this agent.
NCI

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hypertenze renální

Persistent high BLOOD PRESSURE due to KIDNEY DISEASES, such as those involving the renal parenchyma, the renal vasculature, or tumors that secrete RENIN.
MSH

hypertension due to renal disease.
CSP

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psychomotorické poruchy

Abnormalities of motor function that are associated with organic and non-organic cognitive disorders.
MSH

abnormalities of motor function that are associated with organic and nonorganic cognitive disorders.
CSP

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New Mexico

A state in the southwestern United States. Its capital is Santa Fe.
NCI

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adenosarkom

A malignant neoplasm arising simultaneously or consecutively in mesodermal tissue and glandular epithelium of the same part. (Stedman, 25th ed)
MSH

A tumor that is a mixture of an adenoma (a tumor that starts in the gland-like cells of epithelial tissue) and a sarcoma (a tumor that starts in bone, cartilage, fat, muscle, blood vessels, or other connective or supportive tissue). An example of an adenosarcoma is Wilms tumor.
NCI

A low grade malignant neoplasm characterized by the presence of a benign epithelial component (tubular and cleft-like glands) and a low grade sarcomatous component that contains varying amounts of fibrous and smooth muscle tissues. In a minority of cases, the sarcomatous component contains heterologous elements including striated muscle, cartilage, and fat. It occurs in the uterine corpus, ovary, fallopian tube, cervix, and vagina. It may recur and in a minority of cases may metastasize to distant anatomic sites.
NCI

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chlorpromazin

The prototypical phenothiazine antipsychotic drug. Like the other drugs in this class chlorpromazine`s antipsychotic actions are thought to be due to long-term adaptation by the brain to blocking DOPAMINE RECEPTORS. Chlorpromazine has several other actions and therapeutic uses, including as an antiemetic and in the treatment of intractable hiccup.
MSH

prototypical phenothiazine antipsychotic drug; antipsychotic actions are thought to be due to long-term adaptation by the brain to blocking dopamine receptors; chlorpromazine has several other actions and therapeutic uses, including as an antiemetic and in the treatment of intractable hiccup.
CSP

A phenothiazine and traditional antipsychotic agent with anti-emetic activity. Chlorpromazine exerts its antipsychotic effect by blocking postsynaptic dopamine receptors in cortical and limbic areas of the brain, thereby preventing the excess of dopamine in the brain. This leads to a reduction in psychotic symptoms, such as hallucinations and delusions. Chlorpromazine appears to exert its anti-emetic activity by blocking the dopamine receptors in the chemical trigger zone (CTZ) in the brain, thereby relieving nausea and vomiting. Check for “http://www.cancer.gov/Search/ClinicalTrialsLink.aspx?id=39752&idtype=1″ active clinical trials or “http://www.cancer.gov/Search/ClinicalTrialsLink.aspx?id=39752&idtype=1&closed=1″ closed clinical trials using this agent. (“http://nciterms.nci.nih.gov:80/NCIBrowser/ConceptReport.jsp?dictionary=NCI_Thesaurus&code=C367″ NCI Thesaurus)
PDQ

A phenothiazine and traditional antipsychotic agent with anti-emetic activity. Chlorpromazine exerts its antipsychotic effect by blocking postsynaptic dopamine receptors in cortical and limbic areas of the brain, thereby preventing the excess of dopamine in the brain. This leads to a reduction in psychotic symptoms, such as hallucinations and delusions. Chlorpromazine appears to exert its anti-emetic activity by blocking the dopamine receptors in the chemical trigger zone (CTZ) in the brain, thereby relieving nausea and vomiting.
NCI

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hypokalémie

Abnormally low potassium concentration in the blood. It may result from potassium loss by renal secretion or by the gastrointestinal route, as by vomiting or diarrhea. It may be manifested clinically by neuromuscular disorders ranging from weakness to paralysis, by electrocardiographic abnormalities (depression of the T wave and elevation of the U wave), by renal disease, and by gastrointestinal disorders. (Dorland, 27th ed)
MSH

abnormally low potassium concentration in the blood; may result from excessive potassium loss by the renal or gastrointestinal route, from decreased intake, or from transcellular shifts; manifested clinically by neuromuscular disorders ranging from weakness to paralysis, by electrocardiographic abnormalities, and by renal and gastrointestinal disorders.
CSP

A disorder characterized by laboratory test results that indicate a low concentration of potassium in the blood.
NCI

Lower than normal levels of potassium in the circulating blood.
NCI

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puberta opožděná

The lack of development of SEXUAL MATURATION in boys and girls at a chronological age that is 2.5 standard deviations above the mean age at onset of PUBERTY in a population. Delayed puberty can be classified by defects in the hypothalamic LHRH pulse generator, the PITUITARY GLAND, or the GONADS. These patients will undergo spontaneous but delayed puberty whereas patients with SEXUAL INFANTILISM will not.
MSH

Unusually late sexual maturity.
NCI

A disorder characterized by unusually late sexual maturity.
NCI

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nigericin

A polyether antibiotic which affects ion transport and ATPase activity in mitochondria. It is produced by Streptomyces hygroscopicus. (From Merck Index, 11th ed)
MSH

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adhezivita

A property of the surface of an object that makes it stick to another surface.
MSH

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cholerové vakcíny

vaccines or candidate vaccines used to prevent infection with Vibrio cholerae.
CSP

Vaccines or candidate vaccines used to prevent infection with VIBRIO CHOLERAE. The original cholera vaccine consisted of killed bacteria, but other kinds of vaccines now exist.
MSH

cholera vaccine


HL7V3.0

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hypoxanthin

6-oxopurine, the base in inosine and its derivatives.
CSP

A purine and a reaction intermediate in the metabolism of adenosine and in the formation of nucleic acids by the salvage pathway.
MSH

A purine-based organic compound in human muscle tissues, Hypoxanthine is formed during purine catabolism as a product of xanthine oxidase action on xanthine, and occasionally is found as a constituent of nucleic acids. The potent anti-inflammatory and cytoprotective effects of purines may be mediated by cell surface adenosine receptors. Hypoxanthine protects against oxidant-induced cell injury by inhibiting activation of nuclear poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP). (NCI04)
NCI

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plíce – eozinofilie

A condition characterized by infiltration of the lung with EOSINOPHILS due to inflammation or other disease processes. Major eosinophilic lung diseases are the eosinophilic pneumonias caused by infections, allergens, or toxic agents.
MSH

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nitrobenzene

benzene derivatives containing a nitro (NO2) group.
CSP

A yellowish, oily, aromatic nitro-compound with an almond-like odor that emits toxic fumes of nitrogen oxides upon combustion. Nitrobenzene is primarily used in the manufacture of aniline, but is also used in the manufacture of lubricating oils, dyes, drugs, pesticides, and synthetic rubber. Exposure to nitrobenzene irritates the skin, eyes and respiratory tract and can result in methemoglobinemia causing fatigue, dyspnea, dizziness, disturbed vision, shortness of breath, collapse and even death. Nitrobenzene also damages the liver, spleen, kidneys and central nervous system. This substance is a possible mutagen and is reasonably anticipated to be a human carcinogen. (NCI05)
NCI

Price: $1.00

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mladiství umístění v ústavech

An adolescent who is receiving long-term in-patient services or who resides in an institutional setting.
MSH

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chondro-4-sulfatasa

An enzyme from the sulfuric ester hydrolase class that breaks down one of the products of the chondroitin lyase II reaction. EC 3.1.6.9.
MSH

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idoxuridin

An analog of DEOXYURIDINE that inhibits viral DNA synthesis. The drug is used as an antiviral agent.
MSH

pyrimidine analog which inhibits viral DNA synthesis.
CSP

A drug that reduces the risk of cancer cell growth by interfering with the cells` DNA.
NCI

An iodinated analogue of deoxyuridine. Idoxuridine incorporates into DNA during the S-phase of the cell cycle, sensitizing cells to ionizing radiation by increasing DNA strand breaks. When this agent contains a radioactive isomer of iodine, the radioactive idoxuridine kills cancer cells directly after preferential incorporation into the DNA of rapidly dividing tumor cells. Check for “http://www.cancer.gov/Search/ClinicalTrialsLink.aspx?id=39481&idtype=1″ active clinical trials or “http://www.cancer.gov/Search/ClinicalTrialsLink.aspx?id=39481&idtype=1&closed=1″ closed clinical trials using this agent. (“http://nciterms.nci.nih.gov:80/NCIBrowser/ConceptReport.jsp?dictionary=NCI_Thesaurus&code=C563″ NCI Thesaurus)
PDQ

An iodinated analogue of deoxyuridine. Idoxuridine incorporates into DNA during the S-phase of the cell cycle, sensitizing cells to ionizing radiation by increasing DNA strand breaks. When this agent contains a radioactive isomer of iodine, the radioactive idoxuridine kills cancer cells directly after preferential incorporation into the DNA of rapidly dividing tumor cells. (NCI04)
NCI

Price: $1.00

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purinnukleosidy

Purines with a RIBOSE attached that can be phosphorylated to PURINE NUCLEOTIDES.
MSH

condensation product of a purine base plus a sugar.
CSP

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Niue

A country in the Pacific, occupying an island in the South Pacific Ocean, east of Tonga. (NCI)
NCI

A country in the Pacific, occupying an island in the South Pacific Ocean, east of Tonga. (CIA World Factbook 2002)
NCI

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dospělí

A person having attained full growth or maturity. Adults are of 19 through 44 years of age. For a person between 19 and 24 years of age, YOUNG ADULT is available.
MSH

A human who has reached reproductive age.
NCI

Price: $1.00

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