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bazofilní degranulační test

An in vitro test used in the diagnosis of allergies including drug hypersensitivity. The allergen is added to the patient`s white blood cells and the subsequent histamine release is measured.
MSH

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dlouhodobá péče

Care over an extended period, usually for a chronic condition or disability, requiring periodic, intermittent, or continuous care.
MSH

care over a long period of time, usually for a chronic condition or disability, requiring periodic, intermittent, or continuous care.
CSP

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fukosa

methylpentose structurally derived from galactose; the L isomer occurs naturally in various oligosaccharides and polysaccharides and fucosides and in the carbohydrate portion of some mucopolysaccharides and glycoproteins, including the A, B, and O blood group antigens.
CSP

A hexose whose structure can be derived from galactose replacing the -OH group on carbon 6 with a hydrogen.
NCI

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digitoxin

A cardiac glycoside sometimes used in place of DIGOXIN. It has a longer half-life than digoxin; toxic effects, which are similar to those of digoxin, are longer lasting. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p665)
MSH

A lipid soluble cardiac glycoside that inhibits the plasma membrane sodium potassium ATPase, leading to increased intracellular sodium and calcium levels and decreased intracellular potassium levels. In studies increased intracellular calcium precedes cell death and decreased intracellular potassium increase caspase activation and DNA fragmentation, causing apoptosis and inhibition of cancer cell growth. (NCI)
NCI

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retina – drúzy

Colloid or hyaline bodies lying beneath the retinal pigment epithelium. They may occur either secondary to changes in the choroid that affect the pigment epithelium or as an autosomal dominant disorder of the retinal pigment epithelium.
MSH

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duševní poruchy

Psychiatric illness or diseases manifested by breakdowns in the adaptational process expressed primarily as abnormalities of thought, feeling, and behavior producing either distress or impairment of function.
MSH

any of various conditions characterized by impairment of an individual`s normal cognitive, emotional, or behavioral functioning, and caused by social, psychological, biochemical, genetic, or other factors, such as infection or head trauma; note behavior disorders are a subset of mental disorder.
CSP

Any deviation from the normal structure or function of the brain and a psychiatric condition, that results in an impairment of an individual`s normal cognitive, emotional, or behavioral functioning, and is caused by physiological or psychosocial factors. (NCI)
NCI

Mental disorders include a wide range of problems, including

There are many causes of mental disorders. Your genes and family history may play a role. Your life experiences, such as stress or a history of abuse, may also matter. Biological factors can also be part of the cause. A traumatic brain injury can lead to a mental disorder. A mother`s exposure to viruses or toxic chemicals while pregnant may play a part. Other factors may increase your risk, such as use of illegal drugs or having a serious medical condition like cancer.

Medications and counseling can help many mental disorders.


MEDLINEPLUS

A disorder characterized by behavioral and/or psychological abnormalities, often accompanied by physical symptoms. The symptoms may cause clinically significant distress or impairment in social and occupational areas of functioning. Representative examples include anxiety disorders, cognitive disorders, mood disorders and schizophrenia.
NCI

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lumikolchiciny

Three, alpha, beta, and gamma isomers of ultraviolet degradation products of colchicine that lack many of the physiological actions of the parent; used as experimental control for colchicine actions.
MSH

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Fusobacterium necrophorum

A species of gram-negative, non-spore-forming bacteria isolated from the natural cavities of man and other animals and from necrotic lesions, abscesses, and blood.
MSH

Any bacterial organism that can be assigned to the species Fusobacterium necrophorum.
NCI

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dilatace patologická

The condition of an anatomical structure`s being dilated beyond normal dimensions.
MSH

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Rettův syndrom

An inherited neurological developmental disorder that is associated with X-LINKED INHERITANCE and may be lethal in utero to hemizygous males. The affected female is normal until the age of 6-25 months when progressive loss of voluntary control of hand movements and communication skills; ATAXIA; SEIZURES; autistic behavior; intermittent HYPERVENTILATION; and HYPERAMMONEMIA appear. (From Menkes, Textbook of Child Neurology, 5th ed, p199)
MSH

progressive disorder affecting the cerebral cortex of females; present from birth; manifested by autistic behavior, ataxia, dementia, seizures, loss of purposeful usefulness of the hands, cerebral atrophy, and mild hyperammonemia.
CSP

Rett syndrome is a rare inherited disease that causes developmental and nervous system problems, mostly in girls. It`s related to autism. Babies with Rett syndrome seem to grow and develop normally at first. Between 3 months and 3 years of age, though, they stop developing and even lose some skills. Symptoms include

  • Loss of speech
  • Loss of hand movements such as grasping
  • Compulsive movements such as hand wringing
  • Balance problems
  • Breathing problems
  • Behavior problems
  • Learning problems or mental retardation

Rett syndrome has no cure. You can treat some of the symptoms with medicines, surgery, and physical and speech therapy. Most people with Rett syndrome live into middle age and beyond. They will usually need care throughout their lives.

NIH: National Institute of Child Health and Human Development


MEDLINEPLUS

A progressive neurologic disorder caused by mutations in the MECP2 gene on chromosome X. It almost exclusively affects girls. It is characterized by language and learning difficulties, poor communication skills, and repetitive hand motions. Other signs and symptoms include microcephaly, scoliosis, breathing abnormalities, and sleep disturbances.
NCI

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benzamidiny

Amidines substituted with a benzene group. Benzamidine and its derivatives are known as peptidase inhibitors.
MSH

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louh

Generally speaking, it is the alkaline substance obtained from wood ashes by percolation. Preparations of lye can be solutions of either potassium or sodium hydroxide. The term lye, is also used to refer to the household product which is a mixture of sodium hydroxide and sodium carbonate.
MSH

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triethojodid gallaminia

A synthetic nondepolarizing blocking drug. The actions of gallamine triethiodide are similar to those of TUBOCURARINE, but this agent blocks the cardiac vagus and may cause sinus tachycardia and, occasionally, hypertension and increased cardiac output. It should be used cautiously in patients at risk from increased heart rate but may be preferred for patients with bradycardia. (From AMA Drug Evaluations Annual, 1992, p198)
MSH

synthetic nondepolarizing blocking drug.
CSP

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dinukleosidfosfáty

A group of compounds which consist of a nucleotide molecule to which an additional nucleoside is attached through the phosphate molecule(s). The nucleotide can contain any number of phosphates.
MSH

nucleotide consisting of two units each composed of a phosphate, a pentose, and a nitrogen base.
CSP

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rinoplastika

A plastic surgical operation on the nose, either reconstructive, restorative, or cosmetic. (Dorland, 28th ed)
MSH

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benzydamin

A benzyl-indazole having analgesic, antipyretic, and anti-inflammatory effects. It is used to reduce post-surgical and post-traumatic pain and edema and to promote healing. It is also used topically in treatment of RHEUMATIC DISEASES and INFLAMMATION of the mouth and throat.
MSH

A substance being studied as a mouth rinse treatment for oral mucositis (painful mouth sores) caused by cancer therapy. It is a type of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID).
NCI

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lymfohistiocytóza hemofagocytární

A rare disorder in which histiocytes and lymphocytes (types of white blood cells) build up in organs including the skin, spleen, and liver, and destroy other blood cells. Hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis may be inherited or caused by certain conditions or diseases, including infections, immunodeficiency (inability of the body to fight infections), and cancer.
NCI

A rare but potentially life-threatening disorder characterized by the proliferation of histiocytes and macrophages and phagocytosis of red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets. It may be inherited or secondary, due to infections, autoimmune disorders, or underlying malignancies. Signs and symptoms include fever, lymphadenopathy, hepatomegaly, splenomegaly, and pancytopenia.
NCI

A group of related disorders characterized by LYMPHOCYTOSIS; HISTIOCYTOSIS; and hemophagocytosis. The two major forms are familial and reactive.
MSH

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ganglia

Subdivision of neural tree (organ) which primarily consists of cell bodies of neurons located outside the neuraxis (brain and spinal cord); together with a nucleus and its associated nerve, it constitutes a neural tree (organ). Examples: spinal ganglion, trigeminal ganglion, superior cervical ganglion, celiac ganglion, inferior hypogastric (pelvic) ganglion.
UWDA

Clusters of multipolar neurons surrounded by a capsule of loosely organized CONNECTIVE TISSUE located outside the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM.
MSH

any group of sensory or autonomic nerve cell bodies located outside the central nervous system.
CSP

Subdivision of neural tree (organ) which primarily consists of cell bodies of neurons located outside the neuraxis (brain and spinal cord); together with a nucleus and its associated nerve, it constitutes a neural tree (organ). Examples: spinal ganglion, trigeminal ganglion, superior cervical ganglion, celiac ganglion, inferior hypogastric (pelvic) ganglion.
FMA

A cluster of nervous tissue principally composed of neuronal cell bodies external to the central nervous system (CNS). (NCI)
NCI

A cluster of nervous tissue principally composed of neuronal cell bodies external to the central nervous system (CNS).
NCI

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kobří kardiotoxiny

Most abundant proteins in COBRA venom; basic polypeptides of 57 to 62 amino acids with four disulfide bonds and a molecular weight of less than 7000; causes skeletal and cardiac muscle contraction, interferes with neuromuscular and ganglionic transmission, depolarizes nerve, muscle and blood cell membranes, thus causing hemolysis.
MSH

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ribonukleasa pankreatická

An enzyme that catalyzes the endonucleolytic cleavage of pancreatic ribonucleic acids to 3`-phosphomono- and oligonucleotides ending in cytidylic or uridylic acids with 2`,3`-cyclic phosphate intermediates. EC 3.1.27.5.
MSH

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beta-keratiny

Keratins that form into a beta-pleated sheet structure. They are principle constituents of the corneous material of the carapace and plastron of turtles, the epidermis of snakes and the feathers of birds.
MSH

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Macaca radiata

A species of macaque monkey that mainly inhabits the forest of southern India. They are also called bonnet macaques or bonnet monkeys.
MSH

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žaludeční šťáva

The liquid secretion of the stomach mucosa consisting of hydrochloric acid (GASTRIC ACID); PEPSINOGENS; INTRINSIC FACTOR; GASTRIN; MUCUS; and the bicarbonate ion (BICARBONATES). (From Best & Taylor`s Physiological Basis of Medical Practice, 12th ed, p651)
MSH

liquid secretion of the stomach mucosa consisting of hydrochloric acid (gastric acid), pepsinogens, intrinsic factor, gastrin, mucus, and the bicarbonates.
CSP

The digestive secretions of the gastric glands in the stomach, consisting mainly of pepsin, hydrochloric acid, rennin, and mucin.
NCI

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přemístění (psychologie)

The process by which an emotional or behavioral response that is appropriate for one situation appears in another situation for which it is inappropriate.
CHV

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Order Rickettsiales

order of gram negative proteobacteria; obligate intracellular parasites that cause a variety of diseases including typhus and Rocky Mountain spotted fever; organisms multiply in endothelial cells of small blood vessels, the resulting damage is the cause of the spotted appearance.
CSP

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žlučové kyseliny a soli

Steroid acids and salts. The primary bile acids are derived from cholesterol in the liver and usually conjugated with glycine or taurine. The secondary bile acids are further modified by bacteria in the intestine. They play an important role in the digestion and absorption of fat. They have also been used pharmacologically, especially in the treatment of gallstones.
MSH

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nukleární lékařství

A specialty field of radiology concerned with diagnostic, therapeutic, and investigative use of radioactive compounds in a pharmaceutical form.
MSH

special field of radiology dealing with diagnostic, therapeutic and investigative use of radioisotopes and radioactive compounds.
CSP

Nuclear Medicine is the branch of medicine that uses radioactive materials either to image a patient`s body or to destroy diseased cells.
NCI

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magnetometrie

The measurement of various aspects of MAGNETIC FIELDS.
MSH

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imunodifuze

technique involving the diffusion of antigen or antibody through a semisolid medium, usually agar or agarose gel, with the result being a precipitin reaction.
CSP

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potápění

An activity in which the organism plunges into water. It includes scuba and bell diving. Diving as natural behavior of animals goes here, as well as diving in decompression experiments with humans or animals.
MSH

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