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kyselina křemičitá

A hydrated form of silicon dioxide. It is commonly used in the manufacture of TOOTHPASTES and as a stationary phase for CHROMATOGRAPHY.
MSH

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modely statistické

Statistical formulations or analyses which, when applied to data and found to fit the data, are then used to verify the assumptions and parameters used in the analysis. Examples of statistical models are the linear model, binomial model, polynomial model, two-parameter model, etc.
NCI

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pankreatický polypeptid

A 36-amino acid pancreatic hormone that is secreted mainly by endocrine cells found at the periphery of the ISLETS OF LANGERHANS and adjacent to cells containing SOMATOSTATIN and GLUCAGON. Pancreatic polypeptide (PP), when administered peripherally, can suppress gastric secretion, gastric emptying, pancreatic enzyme secretion, and appetite. A lack of pancreatic polypeptide (PP) has been associated with OBESITY in rats and mice.
MSH

A small protein made by the pancreas that helps control the release of other substances made by the pancreas. The amount of pancreatic polypeptide in the blood increases after a person eats. It may also increase with age, and in certain diseases, such as diabetes and pancreatic cancer.
NCI

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krevní a lymfatické nemoci

Hematologic diseases and diseases of the lymphatic system collectively. Hemic diseases include disorders involving the formed elements (e.g., ERYTHROCYTE AGGREGATION, INTRAVASCULAR) and chemical components (e.g., BLOOD PROTEIN DISORDERS); lymphatic diseases include disorders relating to lymph, lymph nodes, and lymphocytes.
MSH

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Centrální zkalení rohovky

Diffuse edema of the central region of the cornea, usually associated with the wearing of hard contact lenses, but may also occur in keratoconus.
NCI

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sinusitida

Inflammation of the NASAL MUCOSA in one or more of the PARANASAL SINUSES.
MSH

inflammatory process of the mucous membranes of the paranasal sinuses that occurs in three stages: acute, subacute, and chronic; results from any condition causing ostial obstruction or from pathophysiologic changes in the mucociliary transport mechanism.
CSP

Sinusitis means your sinuses are infected or inflamed. Your sinuses are hollow air spaces within the bones surrounding the nose. They produce mucus, which drains into the nose. If your nose is swollen, this can block the sinuses and cause pain and infection.

Sinusitis can be acute, lasting for less than four weeks, or chronic, lasting much longer. Acute sinusitis often starts as a cold, which then turns into a bacterial infection. Allergies, pollutants, nasal problems and certain diseases can also cause sinusitis.

Symptoms of sinusitis can include fever, weakness, fatigue, cough and congestion. There may also be mucus drainage in the back of the throat, called postnasal drip. Treatments include antibiotics, decongestants and pain relievers. Using heat pads on the inflamed area, saline nasal sprays and vaporizers can also help.

NIH: National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases


MEDLINEPLUS

A disorder characterized by an infectious process involving the mucous membranes of the paranasal sinuses.
NCI

An acute or chronic infectious process affecting the mucous membranes of the paranasal sinuses.
NCI

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monieziáza

Infection of ruminants with tapeworms of the genus Moniezia.
MSH

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paraaortální tělíska

Small masses of chromaffin cells found near the SYMPATHETIC GANGLIA along the ABDOMINAL AORTA, beginning cranial to the superior mesenteric artery (MESENTERIC ARTERY, SUPERIOR) or renal arteries and extending to the level of the aortic bifurcation or just beyond. They are also called the organs of Zuckerkandl and sometimes called aortic bodies (not to be confused with AORTIC BODIES in the THORAX). The para-aortic bodies are the dominant source of CATECHOLAMINES in the FETUS and normally regress after BIRTH.
MSH

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hemoglobinurie

The presence of free HEMOGLOBIN in the URINE, indicating hemolysis of ERYTHROCYTES within the vascular system. After saturating the hemoglobin-binding proteins (HAPTOGLOBINS), free hemoglobin begins to appear in the urine.
MSH

presence of free hemoglobin in the urine.
CSP

A disorder characterized by laboratory test results that indicate the presence of free hemoglobin in the urine.
NCI

A laboratory test result which indicates free hemoglobin in the urine.
NCI

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mozeček – nádory

Primary or metastatic neoplasms of the CEREBELLUM. Tumors in this location frequently present with ATAXIA or signs of INTRACRANIAL HYPERTENSION due to obstruction of the fourth ventricle. Common primary cerebellar tumors include fibrillary ASTROCYTOMA and cerebellar HEMANGIOBLASTOMA. The cerebellum is a relatively common site for tumor metastases from the lung, breast, and other distant organs. (From Okazaki & Scheithauer, Atlas of Neuropathology, 1988, p86 and p141)
MSH

A benign or malignant (primary or metastatic) tumor involving the cerebellum. — 2003
NCI

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kožní testy – titrace end-point

A quantitative form of intradermal testing for the relative allergenicity of a substance. It is used to determine the amount of an allergen that will be tolerated in ALLERGEN IMMUNOTHERAPY.
MSH

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Morality

Having to do with beliefs about what is right and wrong in terms of how people behave.
NCI

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Paramyxoviridae

RNA viruses; enters host by fusion of the viral envelope with the cell surface membrane; transmission is horizontal, mainly airborne.
CSP

A family of spherical viruses, of the order MONONEGAVIRALES, somewhat larger than the orthomyxoviruses, and containing single-stranded RNA. Subfamilies include PARAMYXOVIRINAE and PNEUMOVIRINAE.
MSH

A family of negative-strand single-strand RNA viruses which includes Mumps and Measles viruses.
NCI

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hemostatika

Agents acting to arrest the flow of blood. Absorbable hemostatics arrest bleeding either by the formation of an artificial clot or by providing a mechanical matrix that facilitates clotting when applied directly to the bleeding surface. These agents function more at the capillary level and are not effective at stemming arterial or venous bleeding under any significant intravascular pressure.
MSH

agent that arrests the flow of blood.
CSP

An agent that promotes hemostasis.
NCI

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mozkomíšní mok – otorea

Discharge of cerebrospinal fluid through the external auditory meatus or through the eustachian tube into the nasopharynx. This is usually associated with CRANIOCEREBRAL TRAUMA (e.g., SKULL FRACTURE involving the TEMPORAL BONE;), NEUROSURGICAL PROCEDURES; or other conditions, but may rarely occur spontaneously. (From Am J Otol 1995 Nov;16(6):765-71)
MSH

Discharge of cerebrospinal fluid through the ear structures.
NCI

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hadí jedy

Solutions or mixtures of toxic and nontoxic substances elaborated by snake (Ophidia) salivary glands for the purpose of killing prey or disabling predators and delivered by grooved or hollow fangs. They usually contain enzymes, toxins, and other factors.
MSH

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motorická aktivita

The physical activity of a human or an animal as a behavioral phenomenon.
MSH

Any form of exercise or movement. Physical activity may include planned activity such as walking, running, basketball, or other sports. Physical activity may also include other daily activities such as household chores, yard work, walking the dog, etc. (from NIDDK Glossary; http://www.niddk.nih.gov/health/nutrit/pubs/glossary/glossaryintro.htm)
NCI

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paratuberkulóza

A chronic GASTROENTERITIS in RUMINANTS caused by MYCOBACTERIUM AVIUM SUBSPECIES PARATUBERCULOSIS.
MSH

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viry hepatitidy

Any of the viruses that cause inflammation of the liver. They include both DNA and RNA viruses as well viruses from humans and animals.
MSH

any of the viruses that cause inflammation of the liver; includes both DNA and RNA viruses as well viruses from humans and animals; prefer specific RT and NTs whenever possible.
CSP

Any of the viruses that cause inflammation of the liver. They include both DNA and RNA viruses as well as viruses from humans and animals. (MeSH)
NCI

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cetrimoniové sloučeniny

Cetyltrimethylammonium compounds that have cationic detergent, antiseptic, and disinfectant activities. They are used in pharmaceuticals, foods, and cosmetics as preservatives; on skin, mucous membranes, etc., as antiseptics or cleansers, and also as emulsifiers. These compounds are toxic when used orally due to neuromuscular blockade.
MSH

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sociální odpovědnost

The obligations and accountability assumed in carrying out actions or ideas on behalf of others.
MSH

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mukokela

A retention cyst of the salivary gland, lacrimal sac, paranasal sinuses, appendix, or gallbladder. (Stedman, 26th ed)
MSH

A mucous containing cyst arising from the minor salivary glands in the oral cavity.
NCI

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parciální tlak

The pressure that would be exerted by one component of a mixture of gases if it were present alone in a container. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
MSH

The pressure exerted by a single component of a mixture of gases.
NCI

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operace kýly

Surgical procedures undertaken to repair abnormal openings through which tissue or parts of organs can protrude or are already protruding.
MSH

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chemie

A basic science concerned with the composition, structure, and properties of matter; and the reactions that occur between substances and the associated energy exchange.
MSH

scientific study of the properties, composition and structure of matter, changes in structure and composition, and accompanying energy changes.
CSP

The science of the composition, structure, properties, and reactions of matter, especially of atomic and molecular systems.
NCI

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Sodium Dichloroacetate

The sodium salt of dichloroacetic acid with potential antineoplastic activity. Dichloroacetate ion inhibits pyruvate dehydrogenase kinase, resulting in the inhibition of glycolysis and a decrease in lactate production. This agent may stimulate apoptosis in cancer cells by restoring normal mitochondrial-induced apoptotic signaling.
NCI

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virus příušnic

The type species of RUBULAVIRUS that causes an acute infectious disease in humans, affecting mainly children. Transmission occurs by droplet infection.
MSH

type species of Rubulavirus that causes mumps and, in some cases, tenderness and swelling of the testes, pancreas, ovaries, or other organs; can also infect Rhesus monkeys, hamsters, rats and mice.
CSP

A type of paramyxovirus. It spreads from person to person through coughs, sneezes and saliva, as well as through contact with contaminated items and surfaces. Once the mumps virus enters the body, it passes into the bloodstream and can spread to many different glands and to the brain.
NCI

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pacienti – přijímání zdravotní péče

The seeking and acceptance by patients of health service.
MSH

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hexachlorofen

A chlorinated bisphenol antiseptic with a bacteriostatic action against Gram-positive organisms, but much less effective against Gram-negative organisms. It is mainly used in soaps and creams and is an ingredient of various preparations used for skin disorders. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p797)
MSH

A chlorinated bisphenol antiseptic agent with bacteriostatic activity. Hexachlorophene is used topically in soaps, creams and dermatological preparations and is active against gram-positive organisms, but much less effective against gram-negative organisms. (NCI05)
NCI

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oznobenina

Recurrent localized itching, swelling and painful erythema on the fingers, toes or ears, produced by exposure to cold. It is also called pernio.
MSH

A rare condition characterized by skin inflammation, blister formation, swelling and ulcerations in the extremities. It occurs in persons exposed to cold temperatures.
NCI

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