Shopping Page. Buy or upgrade website.

ostertagiáza

A disease of herbivorous mammals, particularly cattle and sheep, caused by stomach worms of the genus OSTERTAGIA.
MSH

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

anoxémie

Relatively complete absence of oxygen in arterial blood.
MSH

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

Jakobův-Creutzfeldtův syndrom

A rare transmissible encephalopathy most prevalent between the ages of 50 and 70 years. Affected individuals may present with sleep disturbances, personality changes, ATAXIA; APHASIA, visual loss, weakness, muscle atrophy, MYOCLONUS, progressive dementia, and death within one year of disease onset. A familial form exhibiting autosomal dominant inheritance and a new variant CJD (potentially associated with ENCEPHALOPATHY, BOVINE SPONGIFORM) have been described. Pathological features include prominent cerebellar and cerebral cortical spongiform degeneration and the presence of PRIONS. (From N Engl J Med, 1998 Dec 31;339(27))
MSH

Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD) is a rare, degenerative brain disorder. Symptoms usually start around age 60. Memory problems, behavior changes, vision problems and poor muscle coordination progress quickly to dementia, coma and death. Most patients die within a year.

The three main categories of CJD are

  • sporadic CJD, which occurs for no known reason
  • hereditary CJD, which runs in families
  • acquired CJD, which occurs from contact with infected tissue, usually during a medical procedure

Cattle can get a disease related to CJD called bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE) or “mad cow disease.” There is concern that people can get a variant of CJD from eating beef from an infected animal, but there is no direct proof to support this.

NIH: National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke


MEDLINEPLUS

a rare, incurable and often deadly brain disease
CHV

A rare transmittable degenerative disorder of the brain caused by prions. Morphologically it is characterized by spongiform degeneration of the cerebral and cerebellar cortex. Signs and symptoms include sleep disturbances, personality changes, aphasia, ataxia, muscle atrophy and weakness, visual loss, and myoclonus. It usually leads to death within a year from the onset of the disease.
NCI

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

séroepidemiologické studie

EPIDEMIOLOGIC STUDIES based on the detection through serological testing of characteristic change in the serum level of specific ANTIBODIES. Latent subclinical infections and carrier states can thus be detected in addition to clinically overt cases.
MSH

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

krystaliny

A heterogeneous family of water-soluble structural proteins found in cells of the vertebrate lens. The presence of these proteins accounts for the transparency of the lens. The family is composed of four major groups, alpha, beta, gamma, and delta, and several minor groups, which are classed on the basis of size, charge, immunological properties, and vertebrate source. Alpha, beta, and delta crystallins occur in avian and reptilian lenses, while alpha, beta, and gamma crystallins occur in all other lenses.
MSH

globulins existing in the crystalline lens of the eye, accounting for the transparency of the lens.
CSP

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

ethylenglykoly

An ethylene compound with two hydroxy groups (-OH) located on adjacent carbons. They are viscous and colorless liquids. Some are used as anesthetics or hypnotics. However, the class is best known for their use as a coolant or antifreeze.
MSH

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

ovulace – stanovení

Method to determine the occurrence of OVULATION by direct or indirect means. Indirect methods examine the effects of PROGESTERONE on cervical mucus (CERVIX MUCUS), or basal body temperature. Direct ovulation detection, generally used in fertility treatment, involves analyses of circulating hormones in blood and ULTRASONOGRAPHY.
MSH

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

antiarytmika

Agents used for the treatment or prevention of cardiac arrhythmias. They may affect the polarization-repolarization phase of the action potential, its excitability or refractoriness, or impulse conduction or membrane responsiveness within cardiac fibers. Anti-arrhythmia agents are often classed into four main groups according to their mechanism of action: sodium channel blockade, beta-adrenergic blockade, repolarization prolongation, or calcium channel blockade.
MSH

group of agents used for the treatment or prevention of cardiac arrhythmias; they may effect the polarization-repolarization phase of the action potential, its excitability or refractoriness, or impulse conduction or membrane responsiveness within cardiac fibers.
CSP

Agents used for the treatment or prevention of cardiac arrhythmias; they may effect the polarization-repolarization phase of the action potential, its excitability or refractoriness, or impulse conduction or membrane responsiveness within cardiac fibers. (CRISP)
NCI

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

sdružená komise pro akreditaci organizací zdravotní péče

A private, voluntary, not-for-profit organization which establishes standards for the operation of health facilities and services, conducts surveys, and awards accreditation.
MSH

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

sexuální chování

totality of normal and abnormal, conscious and unconscious, overt and covert sensations, thoughts, feelings, and actions related to sexual organs and other erotogenic zones, including goals and techniques.
CSP

Sexual activities of humans.
MSH

A form of physical intimacy that can be directed to reproduction (one possible goal of sexual intercourse) and/or to enjoying the body of someone else; activities associated with sexual intercourse.
NCI

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

kyanoketon

2 alpha-Cyano-17 beta-hydroxy-4,4`,17 alpha-trimethylandrost-5-ene-3-one. An androstenolone-nitrile compound with steroidogenesis-blocking activity.
MSH

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

Evropská unie

The collective designation of three organizations with common membership: the European Economic Community (Common Market), the European Coal and Steel Community, and the European Atomic Energy Community (Euratom). It was known as the European Community until 1994. It is primarily an economic union with the principal objectives of free movement of goods, capital, and labor. Professional services, social, medical and paramedical, are subsumed under labor. The constituent countries are Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, and the United Kingdom. (The World Almanac and Book of Facts 1997, p842)
MSH

A supranational organization of 27 countries across the European continent.
NCI

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

Oxycefalie

Premature closing of the lambdoid and coronal sutures.
MSH

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

cytotoxicita buněčná závislá na protilátce

The phenomenon of antibody-mediated target cell destruction by non-sensitized effector cells. The identity of the target cell varies, but it must possess surface IMMUNOGLOBULIN G whose Fc portion is intact. The effector cell is a “killer” cell possessing Fc receptors. It may be a lymphocyte lacking conventional B- or T-cell markers, or a monocyte, macrophage, or polynuclear leukocyte, depending on the identity of the target cell. The reaction is complement-independent.
MSH

Cytolysis of target cells by natural killer cells, eosinophils, neutrophils, monocytes, or macrophages following engagement of antibodies bound to the target cells by Fc receptors on the effector cells. [ISBN:0781735149 “Fundamental Immunology”, PMID:11677095, PMID:9581795]
GO

A type of immune reaction in which a target cell or microbe is coated with antibodies and killed by certain types of white blood cells. The white blood cells bind to the antibodies and release substances that kill the target cells or microbes.
NCI

The target killing of a cell depending on antibody recognition. An antibody is directed to the target by antigen-binding arms and anchors to the killer cell by an Fc receptor. The identity of the target cell varies, but it must possess surface IgG whose Fc portion is intact. The effector “killer” cell possesses Fc receptors. It may be a lymphocyte lacking conventional B- or T-cell markers, or a monocyte, macrophage, or polynuclear leukocyte, depending on the identity of the target cell. The reaction is complement-independent.
NCI

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

kasinin

Dodecapeptide tachykinin found in the central nervous system of the amphibian Kassina senegalensis. It is similar in structure and action to other tachykinins, but is especially effective in contracting smooth muscle tissue and stimulating the micturition reflex.
MSH

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

paranoidní porucha indukovaná

A condition in which closely related persons, usually in the same family, share the same delusions.
MSH

A disorder in which a delusion develops in an individual in the context of close relationship with another person who already has that established delusion, most likely as the consequence of schizophrenia or delusional disorder.
NCI

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

cyklosteroidy

Steroid derivatives in which one or more bridges is formed between carbon atoms at any locant in any of the rings.
MSH

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

exony

The parts of a transcript of a split GENE remaining after the INTRONS are removed. They are spliced together to become a MESSENGER RNA or other functional RNA.
MSH

The sequence of DNA present in mature messenger RNA, some of which encodes the amino acids of a protein. Most genes have multiple exons with introns between them.
NCI

The sequences of a gene that are present in the final, mature, spliced messenger RNA molecule from that gene.
NCI

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

p-azobenzenarsonát

A hapten capable of eliciting both antibody formation and delayed hypersensitivity when bound to aromatic amino acids, polypeptides or proteins. It is used as an immunologic research tool.
MSH

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

antigeny helmintové

Any part or derivative of a helminth that elicits an immune reaction. The most commonly seen helminth antigens are those of the schistosomes.
MSH

part or derivative of a helminth that elicits an immune reaction; the most commonly seen helminth antigens are those of the schistosomes.
CSP

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

ketamin

A cyclohexanone derivative used for induction of anesthesia. Its mechanism of action is not well understood, but ketamine can block NMDA receptors (RECEPTORS, N-METHYL-D-ASPARTATE) and may interact with sigma receptors.
MSH

rapid-acting general anesthetic, animal anesthetic, and emerging drug of abuse.
CSP

A cyclohexanone derivative with analgesic and anesthetic properties. Although its mechanism of action is not well understood, ketamine appears exerts complex pharmacological actions including inhibition of biogenic amine uptake, binding to opioid receptors, and inhibition of N-methyl D-aspartate (NMDA) receptors. Because of the involvement of spinal NMDA receptors in the process of central sensitization, this agent may reduce pain perception and induce sedation.
NCI

a kind of anesthetic drug
CHV

A drug used to cause a loss of feeling and awareness and to induce sleep in patients having surgery. It is also being studied in the treatment of nerve pain caused by chemotherapy. Ketamine blocks pathways to the brain that are involved in sensing pain. It is a type of general anesthetic.
NCI

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

Shwartzmanův fenomén

Hemorrhagic necrosis that was first demonstrated in rabbits with a two-step reaction, an initial local (intradermal) or general (intravenous) injection of a priming endotoxin (ENDOTOXINS) followed by a second intravenous endotoxin injection (provoking agent) 24 h later. The acute inflammation damages the small blood vessels. The following intravascular coagulation leads to capillary and venous THROMBOSIS and NECROSIS. Shwartzman phenomenon can also occur in other species with a single injection of a provoking agent, and during infections or pregnancy. Its susceptibility depends on the status of IMMUNE SYSTEM, coagulation, FIBRINOLYSIS, and blood flow.
MSH

vasculitis, local or systemic, caused by a two-stage reaction in which a first encounter with endotoxin produces intravascular fibrin thrombi whose clearance results in reticuloendothelial blockade which prevents the clearance of thrombi caused by a second encounter with endotoxin, (or a variety of polyanions, glycogen or antigen/antibody complexes) resulting in tissue necrosis and/or hemorrhage; in pregnancy gram-negative septicemia during delivery or abortion may serve as the first or provocative encounter.
CSP

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

cystická adenomatoidní malformace plic vrozená

An abnormality in lung development that is characterized by a multicystic mass resulting from an adenomatous overgrowth of the terminal BRONCHIOLES with a consequent reduction of PULMONARY ALVEOLI. This anomaly is classified into three types by the cyst size.
MSH

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

extravaskulární plicní voda

Water content outside of the lung vasculature. About 80% of a normal lung is made up of water, including intracellular, interstitial, and blood water. Failure to maintain the normal homeostatic fluid exchange between the vascular space and the interstitium of the lungs can result in PULMONARY EDEMA and flooding of the alveolar space.
MSH

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

paleontologie

The study of early forms of life through fossil remains.
MSH

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

antiparazitární látky

Drugs used to treat or prevent parasitic infections.
MSH

NOTE: Includes topical pediculicides (AP300).
NDFRT

Drugs used to treat bacterial and parasitic infections and some cancers.
NCI

drug or agent used to treat or prevent parasitic infections.
CSP

Any agent that is effective against infections caused by parasitic organisms and is able to inhibit their growth or kill them. This class consists of anthelmintics and antiprotozoals.
NCI

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

ledviny – tubulární nekróza akutní

Acute kidney failure resulting from destruction of EPITHELIAL CELLS of the KIDNEY TUBULES. It is commonly attributed to exposure to toxic agents or renal ISCHEMIA following severe TRAUMA.
MSH

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

kyselina křemičitá

A hydrated form of silicon dioxide. It is commonly used in the manufacture of TOOTHPASTES and as a stationary phase for CHROMATOGRAPHY.
MSH

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

cytochromy c1

The 30-kDa membrane-bound c-type cytochrome protein of mitochondria that functions as an electron donor to CYTOCHROME C GROUP in the mitochondrial and bacterial RESPIRATORY CHAIN. (From Enzyme Nomenclature, 1992, p545)
MSH

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

F faktor

A plasmid whose presence in the cell, either extrachromosomal or integrated into the BACTERIAL CHROMOSOME, determines the “sex” of the bacterium, host chromosome mobilization, transfer via conjugation (CONJUGATION, GENETIC) of genetic material, and the formation of SEX PILI.
MSH

Price: $1.00

Loading Updating cart…

Comments are closed