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sociální práce

The use of community resources, individual case work, or group work to promote the adaptive capacities of individuals in relation to their social and economic environments. It includes social service agencies.
MSH

use of community resources, individual case work, or group work to promote the adaptive capacities of individuals in relation to their social and economic environments; includes social service agencies.
CSP

A community resource that helps people in need. Services may include help getting to and from medical appointments, home delivery of medication and meals, in-home nursing care, help paying medical costs not covered by insurance, loaning medical equipment, and housekeeping help.
NCI

Social work; any of various services designed to aid the poor and aged and to increase the welfare of children. (WordNet)
NCI

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lanthan

Lanthanum. The prototypical element in the rare earth family of metals. It has the atomic symbol La, atomic number 57, and atomic weight 138.91. Lanthanide ion is used in experimental biology as a calcium antagonist; lanthanum oxide improves the optical properties of glass.
MSH

rare metallic element, symbol La, atomic number 57.
CSP

A silvery white metallic element that belongs to period 6 of the lanthanoids family, with phosphate binding property. Lanthanum, when administered in a salt form, dissociates in acid to release lanthanum ions, which then bind dietary phosphate. This agent inhibits the absorption of phosphate by forming highly insoluble lanthanum-phosphate complexes that reduce concentrations of serum phosphate and calcium phosphate.
NCI

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Distance

The space separating two objects or points.
NCI

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poporodní paréza

A disease of pregnant and lactating cows and ewes leading to generalized paresis and death. The disease, which is characterized by hypocalcemia, occurs at or shortly after parturition in cows and within weeks before or after parturition in ewes.
MSH

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femur – krček

The constricted portion of the thigh bone between the femur head and the trochanters.
MSH

The short, constricted portion of the thigh bone between the femur head and the trochanter.
NCI

The short, constricted portion of the thigh bone between the femur head and the trochanter. (NCI)
NCI

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žlučové cesty intrahepatické

Passages within the liver for the conveyance of bile. Includes right and left hepatic ducts even though these may join outside the liver to form the common hepatic duct.
MSH

The bile ducts that pass through and drain bile from the liver.
NCI

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Heparin sodium

The sodium salt form of heparin. As a glycosaminoglycan anticoagulant, heparin sodium binds to antithrombin III to form a heparin-antithrombin III complex. The complex binds to and irreversibly inactivates thrombin and other activated clotting factors IX, X, XI, and XII and prevents the transformation of fibrinogen to fibrin. (NCI)
NCI

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latyrismus

A paralytic condition of the legs caused by ingestion of lathyrogens, especially BETA-AMINOPROPIONITRILE or beta-N-oxalyl amino-L-alanine, which are found in the seeds of plants of the genus LATHYRUS.
MSH

excessive ingestion of seeds of the legume genus Lathyrus, which contain beta aminopropionitrile, an inhibitor of the enzyme lysyl oxidase; the disease is characterized by spastic paraplegia, pain, hyperesthesia, and paresthesia.
CSP

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DNA

deoxyribonucleotide polymer that is the primary genetic material of all cells; eukaryotic and prokaryotic organisms normally contain DNA in a double-stranded state, yet several important biological processes transiently involve single-stranded regions; DNA, which consists of a polysugar-phosphate backbone possessing projections of purines (adenine and guanine) and pyrimidines (thymine and cytosine), forms a double helix that is held together by hydrogen bonds between these purines and pyrimidines (adenine to thymine and guanine to cytosine).
CSP

A deoxyribonucleotide polymer that is the primary genetic material of all cells. Eukaryotic and prokaryotic organisms normally contain DNA in a double-stranded state, yet several important biological processes transiently involve single-stranded regions. DNA, which consists of a polysugar-phosphate backbone possessing projections of purines (adenine and guanine) and pyrimidines (thymine and cytosine), forms a double helix that is held together by hydrogen bonds between these purines and pyrimidines (adenine to thymine and guanine to cytosine).
MSH

A long linear double-stranded polymer formed from nucleotides attached to a deoxyribose backbone and found in the nucleus of a cell; associated with the transmission of genetic information.
NCI

The molecules inside cells that carry genetic information and pass it from one generation to the next.
NCI

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pacienti – úvěr a inkaso

Accounting procedures for determining credit status and methods of obtaining payment.
MSH

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hnojiva průmyslová

Substances or mixtures that are added to the soil to supply nutrients or to make available nutrients already present in the soil, in order to increase plant growth and productivity.
MSH

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biogenní monoaminy

Biogenic amines having only one amine moiety. Included in this group are all natural monoamines formed by the enzymatic decarboxylation of natural amino acids.
MSH

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Solomoneilanden

A group of islands in the South Pacific Ocean, east of Papua New Guinea. (NCI)
NCI

A group of islands in the South Pacific Ocean, east of Papua New Guinea. (CIA World Factbook 2002)
NCI

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dolní končetina

The region of the lower limb in animals, extending from the gluteal region to the FOOT, and including the BUTTOCKS; HIP; and LEG.
MSH

The posterior limb of an animal.
NCI

The limb that is composed of the hip, thigh, leg and foot.
NCI

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DNA satelitní

Highly repetitive DNA sequences found in HETEROCHROMATIN, mainly near centromeres. They are composed of simple sequences (very short) (see MINISATELLITE REPEATS) repeated in tandem many times to form large blocks of sequence. Additionally, following the accumulation of mutations, these blocks of repeats have been repeated in tandem themselves. The degree of repetition is on the order of 1000 to 10 million at each locus. Loci are few, usually one or two per chromosome. They were called satellites since in density gradients, they often sediment as distinct, satellite bands separate from the bulk of genomic DNA owing to a distinct BASE COMPOSITION.
MSH

DNA that contains many tandem highly repetitive sequences, that have a base composition (and thus density) sufficiently different from that of normal DNA that it sediments as a distinct band in cesium chloride density gradients. Satellite DNA is located at very specific spots in the genome (on chromosomes 1, 9, 16 and the Y chromosome, the tiny short arms of chromosomes 13-15 and 21 and 22, and near the centromeres of chromosomes). (On-line Medical Dictionary)
NCI

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Pediococcus

A genus of gram-positive, facultatively anaerobic bacteria whose growth is dependent on the presence of a fermentable carbohydrate. No endospores are produced. Its organisms are found in fermenting plant products and are nonpathogenic to plants and animals, including humans.
MSH

A genus of Gram positive, cocci shaped, lactic acid bacterium assigned to the phylum Firmicutes and the family Lactobacillaceae.
NCI

Any bacteria that is not assigned to the species level but can be assigned to the Pediococcus genus level.
NCI

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fibrinová pěna

A dry artificial sterile sponge of fibrin prepared by clotting with thrombin a foam or solution of fibrinogen. It is used in conjunction with thrombin as a hemostatic in surgery at sites where bleeding cannot be controlled by more common methods. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p648)
MSH

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biopsie

Removal and pathologic examination of specimens in the form of small pieces of tissue from the living body.
MSH

removal and pathologic examination of tissue taken from the living body and performed to establish a more exact diagnosis.
CSP

The removal of cells or tissues for examination by a pathologist. The pathologist may study the tissue under a microscope or perform other tests on the cells or tissue. There are many different types of biopsy procedures. The most common types include: (1) incisional biopsy, in which only a sample of tissue is removed; (2) excisional biopsy, in which an entire lump or suspicious area is removed; and (3) needle biopsy, in which a sample of tissue or fluid is removed with a needle.
NCI

A biopsy is a procedure that removes a small piece of living tissue from your body. The tissue is examined with a microscope for signs of damage or disease. Biopsies can be done on all parts of the body. A biopsy is the only test that can tell for sure if a suspicious area is cancer. But biopsies are performed for many other reasons too.

There are different ways to do a biopsy. A needle biopsy removes tissue with a needle passed through your skin to the site of the problem. Other kinds of biopsies require surgery.


MEDLINEPLUS

The removal of tissue specimens or fluid from the living body for microscopic examination, performed to establish a diagnosis.
NCI

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jihozápadní Spojené státy

The geographic area of the southwestern region of the United States. The states usually included in this region are Arizona, California, Colorado, Nevada, New Mexico, Texas, and Utah.
MSH

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Leishmania major

intracellular parasitic hemoflagellate of the subgenus Leishmania leishmania that infects man and animals and causes cutaneous ulcer form of leishmaniasis; transmission is by Phlebotomus sandflies; found in north and central Africa, Middle East, and southern Asia.
CSP

A parasitic hemoflagellate of the subgenus Leishmania leishmania that infects man and animals and causes cutaneous leishmaniasis (LEISHMANIASIS, CUTANEOUS) of the Old World. Transmission is by Phlebotomus sandflies.
MSH

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vztah dávky záření a odpovědi

The relationship between the dose of administered radiation and the response of the organism or tissue to the radiation.
MSH

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penicilinasa

A beta-lactamase preferentially cleaving penicillins. (Dorland, 28th ed) EC 3.5.2.-.
MSH

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figurální následný efekt

A perceptual phenomenon used by Gestalt psychologists to demonstrate that events in one part of the perceptual field may affect perception in another part.
MSH

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biuret

Used as feed supplement for sheep and cattle since it is a good non-protein nitrogen source. In strongly alkaline solution biuret gives a violet color with copper sulfate.
MSH

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spektrofotometrie

The art or process of comparing photometrically the relative intensities of the light in different parts of the spectrum.
MSH

Spectrophotometry


HL7V3.0

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Leptospira interrogans sérovar canicola

A serovar of the bacterial species LEPTOSPIRA INTERROGANS, whose natural host is DOGS where disease is characterized by GASTROENTERITIS, and INTERSTITIAL NEPHRITIS.
MSH

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léky – způsoby aplikace

The various ways of administering a drug or other chemical to a site in a patient or animal from where the chemical is absorbed into the blood and delivered to the target tissue.
MSH

various ways of administering a drug or other chemical to a site in a patient or animal from where the chemical is absorbed and delivered to the target tissue.
CSP

Designation of the part of the body through which or into which, or the way in which, the medicinal product is intended to be introduced. In some cases a medicinal product can be intended for more than one route and/or method of administration. (ICH)
NCI

The course by which a substance was administered in order to reach the site of action in the body.
NCI

The path the administered medication takes to get into the body or into contact with the body.


HL7V3.0

Description:This describes which path the administered medication takes to get into the body or into contact with the body and constitutes part of thewhere (the other part being site – see below). It is theway in or the course the medication must take to get to its destination.

Note that a path is in no sense a description of afinal destination; it is a stylized description of the path taken. For example, an oral antibiotic may be used to treat a severe infection on a toe; the oral route is used to get the medicine to be able to reach and treat the infection in the toe. For some specific routes of administration there may be an incidental sense offinal destination, for example an ocular administration usually occurs when treatment of an eye condition is required. However, this is in no sense definitional: rectal administration of a medicine may be for a local effect (a steroid foam for treatment of colitis) or for a systemic effect (metronidazole for treatment of infection). The route of administration of a medicine should only be a description of the path taken and not the form.

Examples:

  • oral

  • rectal

  • intravenous (IV)

  • subcutaneous (SC)

  • intramuscular (IM)


HL7V3.0

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pepsinogeny

proenzyme secreted by chief cells, mucous neck cells, and pyloric gland cells which is converted into pepsin in the presence of gastric acid or pepsin itself.
CSP

Proenzymes secreted by chief cells, mucous neck cells, and pyloric gland cells, which are converted into pepsin in the presence of gastric acid or pepsin itself. (Dorland, 28th ed) In humans there are 2 related pepsinogen systems: PEPSINOGEN A (formerly pepsinogen I or pepsinogen) and PEPSINOGEN C (formerly pepsinogen II or progastricsin). Pepsinogen B is the name of a pepsinogen from pigs.
MSH

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rybí jedy

Venoms produced by FISHES, including SHARKS and sting rays, usually delivered by spines. They contain various substances, including very labile toxins that affect the HEART specifically and all MUSCLES generally.
MSH

poison produced by fish, toxic to other living organisms.
CSP

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blefarospazmus

Excessive winking; tonic or clonic spasm of the orbicularis oculi muscle.
MSH

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