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hypoproteinémie

A condition in which total serum protein level is below the normal range. Hypoproteinemia can be caused by protein malabsorption in the gastrointestinal tract, EDEMA, or PROTEINURIA.
MSH

condition in which total serum protein level is below the normal range; can be caused by protein malabsorption in the gastrointestinal tract, edema, or proteinuria.
CSP

A laboratory test result indicating abnormally low levels of total protein in the serum.
NCI

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parfém

A substance, extract, or preparation for diffusing or imparting an agreeable or attractive smell, especially a fluid containing fragrant natural oils extracted from flowers, woods, etc., or similar synthetic oils. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)
MSH

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prsní bradavky

The conic organs which usually give outlet to milk from the mammary glands.
MSH

Subdivision of breast which consists of skin, connective tissue and smooth muscle bundle, modified sebaceous glands and papillary part of lactiferous duct.
FMA

The pigmented protuberance on the surface of the breast through which milk is drawn from the breast. (NCI)
NCI

In anatomy, the small raised area in the center of the breast through which milk can flow to the outside.
NCI

Subdivision of breast which consists of skin, connective tissue and smooth muscle bundle, modified sebaceous glands and papillary part of lactiferous duct.
UWDA

The pigmented protuberance on the surface of the breast through which milk is drawn from the breast.
NCI

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cholestenony

CHOLESTENES with one or more double bonds and substituted by any number of keto groups.
MSH

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mícha – poranění

Penetrating and non-penetrating injuries to the spinal cord resulting from traumatic external forces (e.g., WOUNDS, GUNSHOT; WHIPLASH INJURIES; etc.).
MSH

damage inflicted on any part of the spinal cord as the direct or indirect result of an external force, with or without disruption of structural continuity.
CSP

Spinal cord injuries usually begin with a blow that fractures or dislocates your vertebrae, the bone disks that make up your spine. Most injuries don`t sever your spinal cord. Instead, they cause damage when pieces of vertebrae tear into cord tissue or press down on the nerve parts that carry signals. In a complete spinal cord injury, the cord can`t relay messages below the level of the injury. As a result, you are paralyzed below the level of injury. In an incomplete injury, you have some movement and sensation below the injury.

A spinal cord injury is a medical emergency. Immediate treatment can reduce long-term effects. Later treatment usually includes medicine and rehabilitation therapy.

NIH: National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke


MEDLINEPLUS

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Hystrix

Old world PORCUPINES with shorter tails and rattle quills.
MSH

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periodicita

The tendency of a phenomenon to recur at regular intervals; in biological systems, the recurrence of certain activities (including hormonal, cellular, neural) may be annual, seasonal, monthly, daily, or more frequently (ultradian).
MSH

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oxidy dusíku

Inorganic oxides that contain nitrogen.
MSH

header term for class of oxides that contain nitrogen.
CSP

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chondromatóza synoviální

Rare, benign, chronic, progressive metaplasia in which cartilage is formed in the synovial membranes of joints, tendon sheaths, or bursae. Some of the metaplastic foci can become detached producing loose bodies. When the loose bodies undergo secondary calcification, the condition is called synovial osteochondromatosis.
MSH

An uncommon, benign cartilaginous neoplasm usually occurring in adults. The nodular tumor arises from the synovial membranes of joints. It is characterized by the presence of chondrocytes, nuclear pleomorphism, and hyaline cartilage differentiation. Clinical presentation may include joint pain, swelling, and limited range of motion.
NCI

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Spiruridae

A superfamily of parasitic nematodes which requires one or two intermediate arthropod hosts before finally being eaten by the final host. Its organisms occur rarely in man.
MSH

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imunoglobulin M

pentameric immunoglobulin largely confined to the intravascular pool and the predominant early antibody frequently seen in the immune response to antigenically complex infectious organisms.
CSP

A class of immunoglobulin bearing mu chains (IMMUNOGLOBULIN MU-CHAINS). IgM can fix COMPLEMENT. The name comes from its high molecular weight and originally being called a macroglobulin.
MSH

The major immunoglobulin secreted during a primary immune response. IgM binds with low affinity but high avidity (multiple binding sites) because it not only occurs as monomers but also as pentamers and hexamers.
NCI

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peritonzilární absces

An accumulation of purulent material in the area between the PALATINE TONSIL and its capsule.
MSH

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nogalamycin

An anthrocycline from a Streptomyces nogalater variant. It is a cytolytic antineoplastic that inhibits DNA-dependent RNA synthesis by binding to DNA.
MSH

An anthracycline antineoplastic antibiotic isolated from the bacterium Streptomyces nogalater. Nogalamycin intercalates into DNA and interacts with topoisomerase I, thereby inhibiting DNA replication and repair and RNA and protein synthesis. (NCI04)
NCI

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chromatidy

Either of the two longitudinally adjacent threads formed when a eukaryotic chromosome replicates prior to mitosis. The chromatids are held together at the centromere. Sister chromatids are derived from the same chromosome. (Singleton & Sainsbury, Dictionary of Microbiology and Molecular Biology, 2d ed)
MSH

OBSOLETE. One of the two daughter strands of a duplicated chromosome that become apparent between early prophase and metaphase in mitosis and between diplotene and second metaphase in meiosis. [ISBN:0198506732 “Oxford Dictionary of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology”]
GO

One of the two side by side replicas produced by chromosome replication in mitosis or meiosis. Subunit of a chromosome after replication and prior to anaphase of meiosis II or mitosis. At anaphase of meiosis II or mitosis when the centromeres divide and the sister chromatids separate each chromatid becomes a chromosome. (Biology-Text.com)
NCI

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sputum

Material coughed up from the lungs and expectorated via the mouth. It contains MUCUS, cellular debris, and microorganisms. It may also contain blood or pus.
MSH

mucus material produced by the cells lining the respiratory tract.
CSP

Material containing mucus, cellular debris, microorganisms and sometimes blood or pus. It is ejected through the mouth from the lungs, bronchi, and trachea. (NCI)
NCI

Material containing mucus, cellular debris, microorganisms and sometimes blood or pus. It is ejected through the mouth from the lungs, bronchi, and trachea.
NCI

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imobilizace

The restriction of the MOVEMENT of whole or part of the body by physical means (RESTRAINT, PHYSICAL) or chemically by ANALGESIA, or the use of TRANQUILIZING AGENTS or NEUROMUSCULAR NONDEPOLARIZING AGENTS. It includes experimental protocols used to evaluate the physiologic effects of immobility.
MSH

render a part of the body incapable of being moved, as by a cast or splint.
CSP

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pesary

Devices worn in the vagina to provide support to displaced uterus or rectum. Pessaries are used in conditions such as UTERINE PROLAPSE; CYSTOCELE; or RECTOCELE.
MSH

A vaginal pessary is a removable structure placed in the vagina to support the pelvic organs and is used to treat conditions such as uterine prolapse (falling down of uterus), uterine retroposition (backward displacement), or gynecologic hernia.
SPN

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norpregneny

Pregnenes with one double bond or more than three double bonds which have undergone ring contractions or are lacking carbon-18 or carbon-19..
MSH

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chromozómy – mapování

Any method used for determining the location of and relative distances between genes on a chromosome.
MSH

assignment of a locus to a specific chromosome or determining the sequence of genes and their relative distance from one another on a chromosome.
CSP

locating the relative position of genes on chromosomes based on recombination frequencies.
CSP

Determination of the relative positions of genes on a DNA molecule (chromosome or plasmid) and of the distance, in linkage units or physical units, between them. (On-line Medical Dictionary)
NCI

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mořská hvězdice

Echinoderms having bodies of usually five radially disposed arms coalescing at the center.
MSH

body is flattened and flexible with endoskeleton of ossicles separated by connective tissue; typically with five rays rising from a central disc.
CSP

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imunoglobuliny – vazebný region

A segment of the immunoglobulin heavy chains, encoded by the IMMUNOGLOBULIN HEAVY CHAIN GENES in the J segment where, during the maturation of B-LYMPHOCYTES; the gene segment for the variable region upstream is joined to a constant region gene segment downstream. The exact position of joining of the two gene segments is variable and contributes to ANTIBODY DIVERSITY. It is distinguished from the IMMUNOGLOBULIN J CHAINS; a separate polypeptide that serves as a linkage piece in polymeric IGA or IGM.
MSH

The portion of the light and heavy chains of immunoglobulin molecules where the variable and constant regions meet.
NCI

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Pharmacokinetic aspects

Used for the mechanism, dynamics and kinetics of exogenous chemical and drug absorption, biotransformation, distribution, release, transport, uptake and elimination as a function of dosage, extent and rate of metabolic processes.
MSH

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chromozómy lidské, pár 8

A specific pair of GROUP C CHROMOSOMES of the human chromosome classification.
MSH

The designation for each member of the eighth largest human autosomal chromosome pair. Chromosome 8 spans about 145 million base pairs and represents between 4.5 and 5.0% of the total DNA in normal diploid cells.
NCI

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sterilizace nedobrovolná

Reproductive sterilization without the consent of the patient.
MSH

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imunosorbenty

An insoluble support for an ANTIGEN or ANTIBODIES that is used in AFFINITY CHROMATOGRAPHY to adsorb the homologous antibody or antigen from a mixture. Many different substances are used, among them SEPHAROSE; GLUTARALDEHYDE; copolymers of ANHYDRIDES; polyacrylamides, etc.
MSH

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fenolftaleiny

A family of 3,3-bis(p-hydroxyphenyl)phthalides. They are used as CATHARTICS, indicators, and COLORING AGENTS.
MSH

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Cinnamomum zeylanicum

The tree which is known for its bark which is sold as cinnamon. The oil contains about 65-80% cinnamaldehyde and 10% EUGENOL and many TERPENES.
MSH

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žaludek – ruptura

Bursting of the STOMACH.
MSH

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indapamid

A benzamide-sulfonamide-indole. It is called a thiazide-like diuretic but structure is different enough (lacking the thiazo-ring) so it is not clear that the mechanism is comparable.
MSH

An indole derivative of chlorosulphonamide and a sulfamyl diuretic with antihypertensive activity. Indapamide may interact directly with the subunits of delayed rectifier potassium channels, thereby blocking both slow and rapid K+ (IKs and IKr) currents through the channels. Through the homeostasis mechanism in balancing total ion concentration (Ca++, Na+), it reduces vascular hyperreactivity and peripheral and arterial vascular resistance, possibly by inhibiting transmembrane ionic influx, probably calcium ions, and stimulating prostaglandin E2 synthesis, thereby causing vasodilatation. Indapamide exerts its diuretic effect by inhibiting reabsorption of sodium and chloride, primarily as a result of action on the cortical diluting segment of the renal distal tubule, thereby promoting urinary excretion of water and electrolytes.
NCI

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fenylthiohydantoin

Thiohydantoin benzene derivative.
MSH

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