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nervošlachová vřeténka

The Golgi Tendon Organ is located within the tendons found on each end of a muscle. It responds to increased muscle tension or contraction as exerted on the tendon, by inhibiting further muscle contraction, which protects against muscle damage. The proprioceptive sensory neuron of a Golgi tendon organ, projects to the motor neurons located within the ventral horn of the spinal cord, where the inhibition occurs. Unlike the muscle spindle, Golgi tendon organs do not indicate muscle length, but rather muscle tension.
NCI

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embolizace terapeutická

A method of hemostasis utilizing various agents such as Gelfoam, silastic, metal, glass, or plastic pellets, autologous clot, fat, and muscle as emboli. It has been used in the treatment of spinal cord and INTRACRANIAL ARTERIOVENOUS MALFORMATIONS, renal arteriovenous fistulas, gastrointestinal bleeding, epistaxis, hypersplenism, certain highly vascular tumors, traumatic rupture of blood vessels, and control of operative hemorrhage.
MSH

The blocking of an artery by a clot or foreign material. Embolization can be done as treatment to block the flow of blood to a tumor.
NCI

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hypervitaminóza A

A symptom complex resulting from ingesting excessive amounts of VITAMIN A.
MSH

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Švýcarsko

A country in Central Europe, east of France, north of Italy. (NCI)
NCI

Description:Realm code for use of Switzerland


HL7V3.0

A country in Central Europe, east of France, north of Italy. (CIA World Factbook 2002)
NCI

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butyráty

Salts and esters of butyric acid
MSH

four carbon acid, CH3CH2CH2COOH, with an unpleasant odor, that occurs in butter and animal fat as the glycerol ester; and other 4-carbon acids, salts, and derivatives.
CSP

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Plasmodium vivax

A protozoan parasite that causes vivax malaria (MALARIA, VIVAX). This species is found almost everywhere malaria is endemic and is the only one that has a range extending into the temperate regions.
MSH

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nikarbazin

An equimolar complex of 4,4`-Dinitrocarbanilide and 2-Hydroxy-4,6-dimethylpyrimidine. A coccidiostat for poultry.
MSH

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syndrom prázdného sedla

A condition when the SELLA TURCICA is not filled with pituitary tissue. The pituitary gland is either compressed, atrophied, or removed. There are two types: (1) primary empty sella is due a defect in the sella diaphragm leading to arachnoid herniation into the sellar space; (2) secondary empty sella is associated with the removal or treatment of PITUITARY NEOPLASMS.
MSH

A syndrome characterized by flattening or regression of the pituitary gland within the sella turcica cavity, resulting in an MRI image of an empty sella turcica. Signs and symptoms are secondary to pituitary gland hypofunction.
NCI

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hypoproteinémie

A condition in which total serum protein level is below the normal range. Hypoproteinemia can be caused by protein malabsorption in the gastrointestinal tract, EDEMA, or PROTEINURIA.
MSH

condition in which total serum protein level is below the normal range; can be caused by protein malabsorption in the gastrointestinal tract, edema, or proteinuria.
CSP

A laboratory test result indicating abnormally low levels of total protein in the serum.
NCI

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Sýrie

A country in the Middle East, bordering the Mediterranean Sea, between Lebanon and Turkey. (NCI)
NCI

A country in the Middle East, bordering the Mediterranean Sea, between Lebanon and Turkey. (CIA World Factbook)
NCI

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kalcitonin

A peptide hormone that lowers calcium concentration in the blood. In humans, it is released by thyroid cells and acts to decrease the formation and absorptive activity of osteoclasts. Its role in regulating plasma calcium is much greater in children and in certain diseases than in normal adults.
MSH

a peptide hormone secreted by the parafollicular cells of the thyroid gland in response to hypercalcemia, which lowers blood calcium and phosphate by promoting renal excretion; chemotherapy for Paget`s disease and severe hypercalcemia.
CSP

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pleura

The thin serous membrane enveloping the lungs (LUNG) and lining the THORACIC CAVITY. Pleura consist of two layers, the inner visceral pleura lying next to the pulmonary parenchyma and the outer parietal pleura. Between the two layers is the PLEURAL CAVITY which contains a thin film of liquid.
MSH

A thin layer of tissue that covers the lungs and lines the interior wall of the chest cavity. It protects and cushions the lungs. This tissue secretes a small amount of fluid that acts as a lubricant, allowing the lungs to move smoothly in the chest cavity while breathing.
NCI

The tissue that lines the wall of the thoracic cavity and the surface of the lungs.
NCI

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prsní bradavky

The conic organs which usually give outlet to milk from the mammary glands.
MSH

Subdivision of breast which consists of skin, connective tissue and smooth muscle bundle, modified sebaceous glands and papillary part of lactiferous duct.
FMA

The pigmented protuberance on the surface of the breast through which milk is drawn from the breast. (NCI)
NCI

In anatomy, the small raised area in the center of the breast through which milk can flow to the outside.
NCI

Subdivision of breast which consists of skin, connective tissue and smooth muscle bundle, modified sebaceous glands and papillary part of lactiferous duct.
UWDA

The pigmented protuberance on the surface of the breast through which milk is drawn from the breast.
NCI

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leukoencefalitida akutní hemoragická

A fulminant and often fatal demyelinating disease of the brain which primarily affects young adults and children. Clinical features include the rapid onset of weakness, SEIZURES, and COMA. It may follow a viral illness or MYCOPLASMA PNEUMONIAE infections but in most instances there is no precipitating event. Pathologic examination reveals marked perivascular demyelination and necrosis of white matter with microhemorrhages. (Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp924-5)
MSH

A degenerative brain disorder presenting with acute neurological manifestations. It usually associated with an acute infection or vaccination. It is characterized by brain hemorrhage, vascular necrosis and demyelination. Signs and symptoms include fever, headache, vomiting, convulsions and loss of consciousness.
NCI

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Hystrix

Old world PORCUPINES with shorter tails and rattle quills.
MSH

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Taiwan

island off the south east coast of mainland China; also called Formosa or the Republic of China.
CSP

A group of islands bordering the East China Sea, Philippine Sea, South China Sea, and Taiwan Strait, north of the Philippines, off the southeastern coast of China. (NCI)
NCI

A group of islands bordering the East China Sea, Philippine Sea, South China Sea, and Taiwan Strait, north of the Philippines, off the southeastern coast of China. (CIA World Factbook 2002)
NCI

Description:Realm code for use of Taiwan


HL7V3.0

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California

A state on the western coast of the United States. Its capital is Sacramento.
NCI

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pneumoperikardium

Presence of air or gas in the space between the heart and the PERICARDIUM. The degree of respiratory distress depends on the amount of trapped air and circulation blocked in the systemic and pulmonary veins.
MSH

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oxidy dusíku

Inorganic oxides that contain nitrogen.
MSH

header term for class of oxides that contain nitrogen.
CSP

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endometrium – hyperplazie

Benign proliferation of the ENDOMETRIUM in the UTERUS. Endometrial hyperplasia is classified by its cytology and glandular tissue. There are simple, complex (adenomatous without atypia), and atypical hyperplasia representing also the ascending risk of becoming malignant.
MSH

An abnormal overgrowth of the endometrium (the layer of cells that lines the uterus). There are four types of endometrial hyperplasia: simple endometrial hyperplasia, complex endometrial hyperplasia, simple endometrial hyperplasia with atypia, and complex endometrial hyperplasia with atypia. These differ in terms of how abnormal the cells are and how likely it is that the condition will become cancer.
NCI

A proliferation of the endometrial cells resulting in glandular enlargement and budding. The proliferation may or may not be associated with atypia of the endometrial cells. When the hyperplastic changes are excessive, there is formation of complex epithelial structures (complex endometrial hyperplasia).
NCI

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imunoglobulin M

pentameric immunoglobulin largely confined to the intravascular pool and the predominant early antibody frequently seen in the immune response to antigenically complex infectious organisms.
CSP

A class of immunoglobulin bearing mu chains (IMMUNOGLOBULIN MU-CHAINS). IgM can fix COMPLEMENT. The name comes from its high molecular weight and originally being called a macroglobulin.
MSH

The major immunoglobulin secreted during a primary immune response. IgM binds with low affinity but high avidity (multiple binding sites) because it not only occurs as monomers but also as pentamers and hexamers.
NCI

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kyselina taurodeoxycholová

A bile salt formed in the liver by conjugation of deoxycholate with taurine, usually as the sodium salt. It is used as a cholagogue and choleretic, also industrially as a fat emulsifier.
MSH

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Kanada

North American country north of the United States of America; capital city is Ottawa.
CSP

The largest country in North America, comprising 10 provinces and three territories. Its capital is Ottawa.
MSH

A country in Northern North America, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean on the east, North Pacific Ocean on the west, and the Arctic Ocean on the north, north of the conterminous US. (NCI)
NCI

Description:Realm code for use of Canada


HL7V3.0

A country in Northern North America, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean on the east, North Pacific Ocean on the west, and the Arctic Ocean on the north, north of the conterminous US. (CIA World Factbook 2002)
NCI

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polonium

Polonium. A radioactive element that is a member of the chalcogen family. It has the atomic symbol Po, atomic number 84, and the atomic weight of the isotope with the longest half-life (209Po) is 208.98. It decays by alpha-emission.
MSH

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nogalamycin

An anthrocycline from a Streptomyces nogalater variant. It is a cytolytic antineoplastic that inhibits DNA-dependent RNA synthesis by binding to DNA.
MSH

An anthracycline antineoplastic antibiotic isolated from the bacterium Streptomyces nogalater. Nogalamycin intercalates into DNA and interacts with topoisomerase I, thereby inhibiting DNA replication and repair and RNA and protein synthesis. (NCI04)
NCI

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enoxacin

A broad-spectrum 6-fluoronaphthyridinone antibacterial agent (FLUOROQUINOLONES) structurally related to NALIDIXIC ACID.
MSH

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imobilizace

The restriction of the MOVEMENT of whole or part of the body by physical means (RESTRAINT, PHYSICAL) or chemically by ANALGESIA, or the use of TRANQUILIZING AGENTS or NEUROMUSCULAR NONDEPOLARIZING AGENTS. It includes experimental protocols used to evaluate the physiologic effects of immobility.
MSH

render a part of the body incapable of being moved, as by a cast or splint.
CSP

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telepatie

The knowledge or communication by one person with the mental processes of another through channels other than known physical or perceptual processes.
MSH

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kapitalismus

A political and economic system characterized by individual rights, by private or corporate ownership of capital goods, and by prices, production, and the distribution of goods that are determined mainly by competition in a free market. (From Merriam-Webster`s Collegiate Dictionary, 10th ed)
MSH

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polyethylenglykoly

Polymers of ETHYLENE OXIDE and water, and their ethers. They vary in consistency from liquid to solid depending on the molecular weight indicated by a number following the name. They are used as SURFACTANTS, dispersing agents, solvents, ointment and suppository bases, vehicles, and tablet excipients. Some specific groups are NONOXYNOLS, OCTOXYNOLS, and POLOXAMERS.
MSH

an addition polymer of ethylene oxide and water.
CSP

A polymer made by joining molecules of ethylene oxide and water together in a repeating pattern. Polyethylene glycol can be a liquid or a waxy solid. In medicine, forms of polyethylene glycol can be used in ointments, in drugs or substances to make them stay in the body longer, or in laxatives.
NCI

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