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lidové léčitelství

systems of medicine based on cultural beliefs and practices handed down from generation to generation; the concept includes mystical and magical rituals, herbal therapy, and other treatments which may not be explained by modern medicine.
CSP

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vačice

New World marsupials of the family Didelphidae. Opossums are omnivorous, largely nocturnal and arboreal MAMMALS, grow to about three feet in length, including the scaly prehensile tail, and have an abdominal pouch in which the young are carried at birth.
MSH

small to medium sized omnivorous marsupials; marsupium is rudimentary or well developed; tail is prehensile and naked for at least part of its length; crepuscular and nocturnal; may be terrestrial, aboreal, or semiaquatic.
CSP

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lignin

The most abundant natural aromatic organic polymer found in all vascular plants. Lignin together with cellulose and hemicellulose are the major cell wall components of the fibers of all wood and grass species. Lignin is composed of coniferyl, p-coumaryl, and sinapyl alcohols in varying ratios in different plant species. (From Merck Index, 11th ed)
MSH

complex polymer that forms an extensive network within the cell walls of certain plants and that confers strength and rigidity to the cell wall; one of the chief substances found in wood.
CSP

A type of dietary fiber for which a complete structure is not well defined in part because the lignin structure itself differs between plant species (I.e., no single structure exists) and because each lignin polymer is formed as a complex pattern of monomeric units attached to protein and to structural carbohydrates. The complexity of the chemical structure of lignin can be explained by random polymerizations involving one of four main phenoxyl radicals formed upon the action of peroxidase. (The Handbook of Dietary Fiber)
NCI

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schizofrenie paranoidní

A chronic form of schizophrenia characterized primarily by the presence of persecutory or grandiose delusions, often associated with hallucination.
MSH

psychotic behavior accompanied simultaneously by persecutory or grandiose delusions (paranoia) and hallucinations (schizophrenia); delusional jealousy may be present.
CSP

A subtype of schizophrenia characterized by prominent delusions (typically persecutory or grandiose) or hallucinations in the context of a relative preservation of cognitive functioning and affect.
NCI

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klozapin

A tricylic dibenzodiazepine, classified as an atypical antipsychotic agent. It binds several types of central nervous system receptors, and displays a unique pharmacological profile. Clozapine is a serotonin antagonist, with strong binding to 5-HT 2A/2C receptor subtype. It also displays strong affinity to several dopaminergic receptors, but shows only weak antagonism at the dopamine D2 receptor, a receptor commonly thought to modulate neuroleptic activity. Agranulocytosis is a major adverse effect associated with administration of this agent.
MSH

tricyclic dibenzodiazepine, classified as an atypical antipsychotic agent; binds several types of central nervous system receptors, and displays a unique pharmacological profile; it is a serotonin antagonist, with strong binding to 5-HT 2A/2C receptor subtype, and also displays strong affinity to several dopaminergic receptors, but shows only weak antagonism at the dopamine D2 receptor, a receptor commonly thought to modulate neuroleptic activity; agranulocytosis is a major adverse effect associated with administration of this agent.
CSP

a drug used to treat schizophrenia
CHV

A synthetic dibenzo-diazepine derivative, atypical antipsychotic Clozapine blocks several neurotransmitter receptors in the brain (dopamine type 4, serotonin type 2, norepinephrine, acetylcholine, and histamine receptors). Unlike traditional antipsychotic agents, it weakly blocks dopamine type 2 receptors. It relieves schizophrenic symptoms (hallucinations, delusions, dementia). (NCI04)
NCI

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potraviny konzervované

Food that has been prepared and stored in a way to prevent spoilage.
MSH

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metaproterenol

A beta-2 adrenergic agonist used in the treatment of ASTHMA and BRONCHIAL SPASM.
MSH

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mukopolysacharidóza I

Systemic lysosomal storage disease caused by a deficiency of alpha-L-iduronidase (IDURONIDASE) and characterized by progressive physical deterioration with urinary excretion of DERMATAN SULFATE and HEPARAN SULFATE. There are three recognized phenotypes representing a spectrum of clinical severity from severe to mild: Hurler`s syndrome, Hurler-Scheie syndrome and Scheie`s syndrome (formerly mucopolysaccharidosis V). Symptoms may include DWARFISM, hepatosplenomegaly, gargoyle-like facies, corneal clouding, cardiac complications, and noisy breathing. Hunter syndrome (MUCOPOLYSACCHARIDOSIS II) and Hurler syndrome were each originally called “gargoylism” because of the coarseness of the facial features of affected individuals.
MSH

autosomal recessive systemic lysosomal storage disease caused by a deficiency of alpha-L-iduronidase and characterized by progressive physical deterioration with urinary excretion of dermatan sulfate and heparan sulfate; there are three recognized phenotypes representing a spectrum of clinical severity from severe to mild: Hurler`s syndrome, Hurler-Scheie syndrome and Scheie`s syndrome (formerly mucopolysaccharidosis V); symptoms may include dwarfism, hepatosplenomegaly, gargoyle-like facies, corneal clouding, cardiac complications, and noisy breathing.
CSP

The most common type of mucopolysaccharidosis. It is inherited in an autosomal recessive pattern. It comprises a group of lysosomal storage diseases which includes the most severe form (Hurler syndrome) and the mildest form (Scheie syndrome).
NCI

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skléra

The white, opaque, fibrous, outer tunic of the eyeball, covering it entirely excepting the segment covered anteriorly by the cornea. It is essentially avascular but contains apertures for vessels, lymphatics, and nerves. It receives the tendons of insertion of the extraocular muscles and at the corneoscleral junction contains the canal of Schlemm. (From Cline et al., Dictionary of Visual Science, 4th ed)
MSH

tough white outer coat of the eyeball, continuous anteriorly with the cornea and posteriorly with the external sheath of the optic nerve.
CSP

The white layer of the eye that covers most of the outside of the eyeball.
NCI

The white, opaque, fibrous, outer tunic of the eyeball, covering it entirely excepting the segment covered anteriorly by the cornea. It is essentially avascular but contains apertures for vessels, lymphatics, and nerves. It receives the tendons of insertion of the extraocular muscles and at the corneoscleral junction contains the canal of Schlemm. (From Cline et al., Dictionary of Visual Science, 4th ed)
NCI

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Cockayneův syndrom

A syndrome characterized by multiple system abnormalities including DWARFISM; PHOTOSENSITIVITY DISORDERS; PREMATURE AGING; and HEARING LOSS. It is caused by mutations of a number of autosomal recessive genes encoding proteins that involve transcriptional-coupled DNA REPAIR processes. Cockayne syndrome is classified by the severity and age of onset. Type I (classical; CSA) is early childhood onset in the second year of life; type II (congenital; CSB) is early onset at birth with severe symptoms; type III (xeroderma pigmentosum; XP) is late childhood onset with mild symptoms.
MSH

A genetic condition characterized by short stature, premature aging, sensitivity to light, and possibly deafness and mental retardation.
NCI

An autosomal recessive syndrome caused by mutations in the ERCC8 and ERCC6 genes. It is characterized by growth and developmental delay, vision and hearing impairment, and impairment of the peripheral nervous system function.
NCI

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forma – percepce

The sensory discrimination of a pattern shape or outline.
MSH

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porucha orgasmu

A change in the ability to obtain orgasm or in the quality of the orgasmic sensation.
NCI

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Listeria – infekce

gram positive bacterial infection with the genus Listeria including Listeria meningitis which causes clinical manifestations including fever, altered mentation, headache, meningeal signs, focal neurologic signs, and seizures.
CSP

Listeriosis is a foodborne illness caused by Listeria monocytogenes, bacteria found in soil and water. It can be in a variety of raw foods as well as in processed foods and foods made from unpasteurized milk. Listeria is unlike many other germs because it can grow even in the cold temperature of the refrigerator.

Symptoms include fever and chills, headache, upset stomach and vomiting. Anyone can get the illness. But it is most likely to affect pregnant women and unborn babies, older adults, and people with weak immune systems. To reduce your risk

  • Use precooked and ready-to-eat foods as soon as you can
  • Avoid raw milk and raw milk products
  • Heat ready-to-eat foods and leftovers until they are steaming hot
  • Wash fresh fruits and vegetables
  • Avoid rare meat and seafood

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention


MEDLINEPLUS

A bacterial infection caused by Listeria monocytogenes. It occurs in newborns, elderly, and immunocompromised patients. The bacteria are transmitted through ingestion of contaminated food. Clinical manifestations include fever, muscle pain, respiratory distress, nausea, diarrhea, neck stiffness, irritability, seizures, and lethargy.
NCI

Infections with bacteria of the genus LISTERIA.
MSH

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syndrom histiocytů barvy mořské modři

A congenital disease caused by an inborn error involving APOLIPOPROTEINS E leading to abnormal LIPID METABOLISM and the accumulation of GLYCOSPHINGOLIPIDS, particularly SPHINGOMYELINS in the HISTIOCYTES. This disorder is characterized by SPLENOMEGALY and the sea-blue histiocytes in the spleen and bone marrow after May Grunwald staining.
MSH

A rare, inherited or acquired syndrome characterized by the presence of histiocytes in the bone marrow which contain granules stained blue with hematoxylin-eosin stain, mild thrombocytopenia and purpura, and splenomegaly.
NCI

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Colchicum

A genus of poisonous, liliaceous plants. The roots (corms) of Colchicum autumnale, the fall crocus or meadow saffron, yield COLCHICINE, which is used as a biochemical tool and to treat gout. Other members of this genus yield saffron dye, flavoring agents, and aromatics.
MSH

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fraktury – fixace vnitřní

The use of internal devices (metal plates, nails, rods, etc.) to hold the position of a fracture in proper alignment.
MSH

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ortopedie

A surgical specialty which utilizes medical, surgical, and physical methods to treat and correct deformities, diseases, and injuries to the skeletal system, its articulations, and associated structures.
MSH

branch of surgery that is especially concerned with the preservation and restoration of the functions of the skeletal system, its articulations and associated structures.
CSP

profession
CHV

The branch of surgery broadly concerned with the skeletal system (bones and joints). (from On-line Medical Dictionary)
NCI

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kininogen nízkomolekulární

A protein, molecular weight 50 kD, located in various normal tissues. Upon cleavage by KALLIKREINS, it forms KALLIDIN. Kallidin, in turn, is converted into BRADYKININ. (From Stedman, 25th ed)
MSH

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péče o sebe

Performance of activities or tasks traditionally performed by professional health care providers. The concept includes care of oneself or one`s family and friends.
MSH

consumer (patients or their families or friends) performance of medical activities traditionally performed by professional health care providers; for daily self maintenance (dressing, hygiene, eating, etc.), use FUNCTIONAL ABILITY.
CSP

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kolodion

A nitrocellulose solution in ether and alcohol. Collodion has a wide range of uses in industry including applications in the manufacture of photographic film, in fibers, in lacquers, and in engraving and lithography. In medicine it is used as a drug solvent and a wound sealant.
MSH

A general purpose reagent is a chemical reagent that has general laboratory application, that is used to collect, prepare, and examine specimens from the human body for diagnostic histopathology, cytology, and hematology, and that is not labeled or otherwise intended for a specific diagnostic application. General purpose reagents include cytological preservatives, decalcifying reagents, fixatives and adhesives, tissue processing reagents, isotonic solutions, and pH buffers.
SPN

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čelní lalok

The anterior part of the cerebral hemisphere.
MSH

Frontal lobe is the anterior-most of five lobes of the cerebral hemisphere. It is bounded by the central sulcus on its posterior border and by the longitudinal cerebral fissure on its medial border.
FMA

The part of the brain located anterior to the parietal lobes at the front of each cerebral hemisphere. (NCI)
NCI

The part of the brain located anterior to the parietal lobes at the front of each cerebral hemisphere.
NCI

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osteogeneze

The process of bone formation. Histogenesis of bone including ossification.
MSH

production of bone; histogenesis of bone including ossification; do not confuse with the growth and development of bone, BONE DEVELOPMENT.
CSP

The formation of bone or of a bony substance; the conversion of fibrous tissue or of cartilage into bone or a bony substance.
NCI

The formation of bone or of a bony substance, or the conversion of fibrous tissue or of cartilage into bone or a bony substance. [GOC:mtg_mpo, PMID:17572649]
GO

The formation of bone or of a bony substance; the conversion of fibrous tissue or of cartilage into bone or a bony substance.
NCI

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Louisiana

A state in the southern midwest United States. Its capital is Baton Rouge.
NCI

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poruchy senzitivity

Disorders of the special senses (i.e., VISION; HEARING; TASTE; and SMELL) or somatosensory system (i.e., afferent components of the PERIPHERAL NERVOUS SYSTEM).
MSH

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Columbia SK virus

A strain of ENCEPHALOMYOCARDITIS VIRUS, a species of CARDIOVIRUS, that infects rodents.
MSH

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Fundulus

Only genus in the family Funduliadae.
MSH

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otorinolaryngologické nemoci

Pathological processes of the ear, the nose, and the throat, also known as the ENT diseases.
MSH

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plicní nemoc chronická obstrukční

A disease of chronic diffuse irreversible airflow obstruction. Subcategories of COPD include CHRONIC BRONCHITIS and PULMONARY EMPHYSEMA.
MSH

chronic, irreversible obstruction of air flow from the lungs.
CSP

A chronic and progressive lung disorder characterized by the loss of elasticity of the bronchial tree and the air sacs, destruction of the air sacs wall, thickening of the bronchial wall, and mucous accumulation in the bronchial tree. The pathologic changes result in the disruption of the air flow in the bronchial airways. Signs and symptoms include shortness of breath, wheezing, productive cough, and chest tightness. The two main types of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease are chronic obstructive bronchitis and emphysema.
NCI

Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) makes it hard for you to breathe. Coughing up mucus is often the first sign of COPD. Chronic bronchitis and emphysema are common COPDs.

Your airways branch out inside your lungs like an upside-down tree. At the end of each branch are small, balloon-like air sacs. In healthy people, both the airways and air sacs are springy and elastic. When you breathe in, each air sac fills with air like a small balloon. The balloon deflates when you exhale. In COPD, your airways and air sacs lose their shape and become floppy, like a stretched-out rubber band.

Cigarette smoking is the most common cause of COPD. Breathing in other kinds of irritants, like pollution, dust or chemicals, may also cause or contribute to COPD. Quitting smoking is the best way to avoid developing COPD.

Treatment can make you more comfortable, but there is no cure.

NIH: National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute


MEDLINEPLUS

A type of lung disease marked by permanent damage to tissues in the lungs, making it hard to breathe. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease includes chronic bronchitis, in which the bronchi (large air passages) are inflamed and scarred, and emphysema, in which the alveoli (tiny air sacs) are damaged. It develops over many years and is usually caused by cigarette smoking.
NCI

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Serratia marcescens

species of gram negative, facultatively anaerobic, rod shaped bacteria found in soil, water, food, and clinical specimens; it is a prominent opportunistic pathogen for hospitalized patients.
CSP

A species of gram-negative, facultatively anaerobic, rod-shaped bacteria found in soil, water, food, and clinical specimens. It is a prominent opportunistic pathogen for hospitalized patients.
MSH

Any bacterial organism that can be assigned to the species Serratia marcescens.
NCI

A species of motile, Gram-negative enterobacteria in the phylum Proteobacteria, differentiated from other Gram-negative bacteria by its ability to perform casein hydrolysis.
NCI

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duševní zdraví veřejnosti – služby

Diagnostic, therapeutic and preventive mental health services provided for individuals in the community.
MSH

organized services to provide diagnostic, therapeutic and preventive mental health care for individuals in the community.
CSP

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