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solná žláza

A compound tubular gland, located around the eyes and nasal passages in marine animals and birds, the physiology of which figures in water-electrolyte balance. The Pekin duck serves as a common research animal in salt gland studies. A rectal gland or rectal salt gland in the dogfish shark is attached at the junction of the intestine and cloaca and aids the kidneys in removing excess salts from the blood. (Storer, Usinger, Stebbins & Nybakken: General Zoology, 6th ed, p658)
MSH

compound tubular gland, located around the eyes and nasal passages in marine animals and birds, the physiology of which figures in water-electrolyte balance; also the rectal gland or rectal salt gland in the dogfish shark which is attached at the junction of the intestine and cloaca and aids the kidneys in removing excess salts from the blood.
CSP

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DNA modifikační methylasy

Enzymes that are part of the restriction-modification systems. They are responsible for producing a species-characteristic methylation pattern, on either adenine or cytosine residues, in a specific short base sequence in the host cell`s own DNA. This methylated sequence will occur many times in the host-cell DNA and remain intact for the lifetime of the cell. Any DNA from another species which gains entry into a living cell and lacks the characteristic methylation pattern will be recognized by the restriction endonucleases of similar specificity and destroyed by cleavage. Most have been studied in bacterial systems, but a few have been found in eukaryotic organisms.
MSH

DNA Methyltransferases are a subclass of transferase enzymes that catalyze the transfer of a methyl group from a donor compound to DNA.
NCI

An enzyme (a protein that speeds up chemical reactions in the body) that attaches a methyl group to DNA. A methyl group is a chemical group containing one carbon and three hydrogen molecules.
NCI

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česneky

Herbaceous biennial plants and their edible bulbs, belonging to the Liliaceae.
MSH

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molekulární sondy – techniky

The use of devices which use detector molecules to detect, investigate, or analyze other molecules, macromolecules, molecular aggregates, or organisms.
MSH

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biologické hodiny

The physiological mechanisms that govern the rhythmic occurrence of certain biochemical, physiological, and behavioral phenomena.
MSH

physiological mechanisms that govern the rhythmic occurrence of certain biochemical, physiological, and behavioral phenomena in plants and animals.
CSP

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hemodialyzační roztoky

Solutions prepared for hemodialysis. The composition of the pre-dialysis solution may be varied in order to determine the effect of solvated metabolites on anoxia, malnutrition, acid-base balance, etc. Of principal interest are the effect of the choice of buffers (e.g., acetate or carbonate), the addition of cations (Na+, K+, Ca2+), and addition of carbohydrates (glucose).
MSH

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uspokojení

Full gratification of a need or desire followed by a state of relative insensitivity to that particular need or desire.
MSH

the state or condition reached after totally satisfying a desire or need; e.g., abolition of the desire to eat after full gratification of appetite.
CSP

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dobutamin

A catecholamine derivative with specificity for BETA-1 ADRENERGIC RECEPTORS. It is commonly used as a cardiotonic agent after CARDIAC SURGERY and during DOBUTAMINE STRESS ECHOCARDIOGRAPHY.
MSH

beta-2 agonist catecholamine that has cardiac stimulant action without evoking vasoconstriction or tachycardia; it is proposed as a cardiotonic after myocardial infarction or open heart surgery.
CSP

A synthetic catecholamine with sympathomimetic activity. Dobutamine is a direct-acting inotropic agent and an adrenergic agonist that stimulates primarily the beta-1 adrenoceptor, with lesser effect on beta-2 or alpha receptors. Via beta-1 adrenoceptor of the heart, this agent induces positive inotropic effect with minimal changes in chronotropic activities or systemic vascular resistance. Dobutamine also causes vasodilation by stimulating beta-2 adrenergic receptors in blood vessels, augmented by reflex vasoconstriction resulting in increased cardiac output.
NCI

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vačice

New World marsupials of the family Didelphidae. Opossums are omnivorous, largely nocturnal and arboreal MAMMALS, grow to about three feet in length, including the scaly prehensile tail, and have an abdominal pouch in which the young are carried at birth.
MSH

small to medium sized omnivorous marsupials; marsupium is rudimentary or well developed; tail is prehensile and naked for at least part of its length; crepuscular and nocturnal; may be terrestrial, aboreal, or semiaquatic.
CSP

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monobaktamy

Monocyclic, bacterially produced or semisynthetic beta-lactam antibiotics. They lack the double ring construction of the traditional beta-lactam antibiotics and can be easily synthesized.
MSH

group of antibiotics containing beta lactam rings which are cleaved by the beta lactamases produced by almost all gram negative bacteria.
CSP

Compounds containing a four-membered ring with an amide nitrogen and a keto group. This configuration includes bacteriostatic, cell-wall inhibiting antibiotics, such as penicillins and cephalosporins, their analogs and derivatives, such as the penem (or penam) compounds, clavulanic acids, and monobactams. They are substrates for and may act as inhibitors of bacterial beta-lactamases. (MeSH)
NCI

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biotechnologie

Body of knowledge related to the use of organisms, cells or cell-derived constituents for the purpose of developing products which are technically, scientifically and clinically useful. Alteration of biologic function at the molecular level (i.e., GENETIC ENGINEERING) is a central focus; laboratory methods used include TRANSFECTION and CLONING technologies, sequence and structure analysis algorithms, computer databases, and gene and protein structure function analysis and prediction.
MSH

body of knowledge related to the use of organisms, cells or cell-derived constituents for the purpose of developing products which are technically, scientifically and clinically useful; alteration of biologic function at the molecular level (i.e., genetic engineering) is a central focus.
CSP

The field devoted to applying the techniques of biochemistry, cellular biology, biophysics, and molecular biology to addressing issues related to human beings and the environment.
NCI

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reaktivní hemofagocytární syndrom

Proliferation of HISTIOCYTES in response to viral, bacterial, fungal, or parasitic infections.
MSH

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schizofrenie paranoidní

A chronic form of schizophrenia characterized primarily by the presence of persecutory or grandiose delusions, often associated with hallucination.
MSH

psychotic behavior accompanied simultaneously by persecutory or grandiose delusions (paranoia) and hallucinations (schizophrenia); delusional jealousy may be present.
CSP

A subtype of schizophrenia characterized by prominent delusions (typically persecutory or grandiose) or hallucinations in the context of a relative preservation of cognitive functioning and affect.
NCI

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Douglasova dutina

A sac or recess formed by a fold of the peritoneum.
MSH

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metaproterenol

A beta-2 adrenergic agonist used in the treatment of ASTHMA and BRONCHIAL SPASM.
MSH

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morfogeneze

The development of anatomical structures to create the form of a single- or multi-cell organism. Morphogenesis provides form changes of a part, parts, or the whole organism.
MSH

The process in which anatomical structures are generated and organized. Morphogenesis pertains to the creation of form. [GOC:go_curators, ISBN:0521436125]
GO

The process of shape formation: the processes that are responsible for producing the complex shapes of adults from the simple ball of cells that derives from division of the fertilized egg. (On-line Medical Dictionary)
NCI

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močový měchýř

Organ with organ cavity which is continuous proximally with the right and left ureters and distally with the urethra. Examples: There is only one urinary bladder.
UWDA

musculomembranous sac in the anterior of the pelvic cavity that serves as a reservoir for urine, which it receives through the ureters and discharges through the urethra.
CSP

The organ that stores urine.
NCI

A musculomembranous sac along the URINARY TRACT. URINE flows from the KIDNEYS into the bladder via the ureters (URETER), and is held there until URINATION.
MSH

Organ with organ cavity which is continuous proximally with the right and left ureters and distally with the urethra. Examples: There is only one urinary bladder.
FMA

The distensible sac-like organ that functions as a reservoir of urine, collecting from the kidneys and eliminating via the urethra. (NCI)
NCI

The distensible sac-like organ that functions as a reservoir of urine, collecting from the kidneys and eliminating via the urethra.
NCI

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hepatektomie

Excision of all or part of the liver. (Dorland, 28th ed)
MSH

excision of all or part of the liver.
CSP

Surgery to remove all or part of the liver.
NCI

Surgical removal of all or part of the liver.
NCI

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skléra

The white, opaque, fibrous, outer tunic of the eyeball, covering it entirely excepting the segment covered anteriorly by the cornea. It is essentially avascular but contains apertures for vessels, lymphatics, and nerves. It receives the tendons of insertion of the extraocular muscles and at the corneoscleral junction contains the canal of Schlemm. (From Cline et al., Dictionary of Visual Science, 4th ed)
MSH

tough white outer coat of the eyeball, continuous anteriorly with the cornea and posteriorly with the external sheath of the optic nerve.
CSP

The white layer of the eye that covers most of the outside of the eyeball.
NCI

The white, opaque, fibrous, outer tunic of the eyeball, covering it entirely excepting the segment covered anteriorly by the cornea. It is essentially avascular but contains apertures for vessels, lymphatics, and nerves. It receives the tendons of insertion of the extraocular muscles and at the corneoscleral junction contains the canal of Schlemm. (From Cline et al., Dictionary of Visual Science, 4th ed)
NCI

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léky – nosiče

Forms to which substances are incorporated to improve the delivery and the effectiveness of drugs. Drug carriers are used in drug-delivery systems such as the controlled-release technology to prolong in vivo drug actions, decrease drug metabolism, and reduce drug toxicity. Carriers are also used in designs to increase the effectiveness of drug delivery to the target sites of pharmacological actions. Liposomes, albumin microspheres, soluble synthetic polymers, DNA complexes, protein-drug conjugates, and carrier erythrocytes among others have been employed as biodegradable drug carriers.
MSH

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porucha orgasmu

A change in the ability to obtain orgasm or in the quality of the orgasmic sensation.
NCI

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viry myšího sarkomu

group of 2 viruses, MSV(Harvey) and MSV(Moloney); MSV(M) causes a rhabdomysarcoma.
CSP

A group of replication-defective viruses, in the genus GAMMARETROVIRUS, which are capable of transforming cells, but which replicate and produce tumors only in the presence of Murine leukemia viruses (LEUKEMIA VIRUS, MURINE).
MSH

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In Blood

Used for the presence or analysis of substances in the blood; also for examination of, or changes in, the blood in disease states. It excludes serodiagnosis, for which the subheading “diagnosis” is used, and serology, for which “immunology” is used.
MSH

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hepatorenální syndrom

Functional KIDNEY FAILURE in patients with liver disease, usually LIVER CIRRHOSIS or portal hypertension (HYPERTENSION, PORTAL), and in the absence of intrinsic renal disease or kidney abnormality. It is characterized by intense renal vasculature constriction, reduced renal blood flow, OLIGURIA, and sodium retention.
MSH

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syndrom histiocytů barvy mořské modři

A congenital disease caused by an inborn error involving APOLIPOPROTEINS E leading to abnormal LIPID METABOLISM and the accumulation of GLYCOSPHINGOLIPIDS, particularly SPHINGOMYELINS in the HISTIOCYTES. This disorder is characterized by SPLENOMEGALY and the sea-blue histiocytes in the spleen and bone marrow after May Grunwald staining.
MSH

A rare, inherited or acquired syndrome characterized by the presence of histiocytes in the bone marrow which contain granules stained blue with hematoxylin-eosin stain, mild thrombocytopenia and purpura, and splenomegaly.
NCI

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léky bez předpisu

A medicine or device that can be bought without a doctor`s order or prescription.
NCI

Medicines that can be sold legally without a DRUG PRESCRIPTION.
MSH

Over-the-counter (OTC) medicines are drugs you can buy without a prescription. Some OTC medicines relieve aches, pains and itches. Some prevent or cure diseases, like tooth decay and athlete`s foot. Others help manage recurring problems, like migraines.

In the United States, the Food and Drug Administration decides whether a medicine is safe enough to sell over-the-counter. Taking OTC medicines still has risks. Some interact with other medicines, supplements, foods or drinks. Others cause problems for people with certain medical conditions. If you`re pregnant, talk to your health care provider before taking any medicines.

It is important to take medicines correctly. More medicine does not necessarily mean better. You should never take OTC medicines longer or in higher doses than the label recommends. If your symptoms don`t go away, it`s a clear signal that it`s time to see your healthcare provider.

Food and Drug Administration


MEDLINEPLUS

A medicine that can be bought without a prescription (doctor`s order). Examples include analgesics (pain relievers) such as aspirin and acetaminophen.
NCI

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ortopedie

A surgical specialty which utilizes medical, surgical, and physical methods to treat and correct deformities, diseases, and injuries to the skeletal system, its articulations, and associated structures.
MSH

branch of surgery that is especially concerned with the preservation and restoration of the functions of the skeletal system, its articulations and associated structures.
CSP

profession
CHV

The branch of surgery broadly concerned with the skeletal system (bones and joints). (from On-line Medical Dictionary)
NCI

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Mucor

A genus of zygomycetous fungi of the family Mucoraceae, order Mucorales. It is primarily saprophytic, but may cause MUCORMYCOSIS in man from spores germinating in the lungs.
MSH

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krevní proteiny

Proteins that are present in blood serum, including SERUM ALBUMIN; BLOOD COAGULATION FACTORS; and many other types of proteins.
MSH

protein present in blood serum or plasma.
CSP

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herpes zoster ophthalmicus

Virus infection of the Gasserian ganglion and its nerve branches characterized by pain and vesicular eruptions with much swelling. Ocular involvement is usually heralded by a vesicle on the tip of the nose. This area is innervated by the nasociliary nerve.
MSH

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