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triethylenfosforamid

An insect chemosterilant and an antineoplastic agent.
MSH

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mukopolysacharidóza I

Systemic lysosomal storage disease caused by a deficiency of alpha-L-iduronidase (IDURONIDASE) and characterized by progressive physical deterioration with urinary excretion of DERMATAN SULFATE and HEPARAN SULFATE. There are three recognized phenotypes representing a spectrum of clinical severity from severe to mild: Hurler`s syndrome, Hurler-Scheie syndrome and Scheie`s syndrome (formerly mucopolysaccharidosis V). Symptoms may include DWARFISM, hepatosplenomegaly, gargoyle-like facies, corneal clouding, cardiac complications, and noisy breathing. Hunter syndrome (MUCOPOLYSACCHARIDOSIS II) and Hurler syndrome were each originally called “gargoylism” because of the coarseness of the facial features of affected individuals.
MSH

autosomal recessive systemic lysosomal storage disease caused by a deficiency of alpha-L-iduronidase and characterized by progressive physical deterioration with urinary excretion of dermatan sulfate and heparan sulfate; there are three recognized phenotypes representing a spectrum of clinical severity from severe to mild: Hurler`s syndrome, Hurler-Scheie syndrome and Scheie`s syndrome (formerly mucopolysaccharidosis V); symptoms may include dwarfism, hepatosplenomegaly, gargoyle-like facies, corneal clouding, cardiac complications, and noisy breathing.
CSP

The most common type of mucopolysaccharidosis. It is inherited in an autosomal recessive pattern. It comprises a group of lysosomal storage diseases which includes the most severe form (Hurler syndrome) and the mildest form (Scheie syndrome).
NCI

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polyploidie

The chromosomal constitution of a cell containing multiples of the normal number of CHROMOSOMES; includes triploidy (symbol: 3N), tetraploidy (symbol: 4N), etc.
MSH

having more than two full sets of homologous chromosomes.
CSP

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forma – percepce

The sensory discrimination of a pattern shape or outline.
MSH

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zubní náhrady – přesné přichycení

A precision device used for attaching a fixed or removable partial denture to the crown of an abutment tooth or a restoration. One type is the intracoronal attachment and the other type is the extracoronal attachment. It consists of a female portion within the coronal portion of the crown of an abutment and a fitted male portion attached to the denture proper. (Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p85; from Boucher`s Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed, p264)
MSH

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atractylosid

A glycoside of a kaurene type diterpene that is found in some plants including Atractylis gummifera (ATRACTYLIS); COFFEE; XANTHIUM, and CALLILEPIS. Toxicity is due to inhibition of ADENINE NUCLEOTIDE TRANSLOCASE.
MSH

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tetrakain

A potent local anesthetic of the ester type used for surface and spinal anesthesia.
MSH

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Listeria – infekce

gram positive bacterial infection with the genus Listeria including Listeria meningitis which causes clinical manifestations including fever, altered mentation, headache, meningeal signs, focal neurologic signs, and seizures.
CSP

Listeriosis is a foodborne illness caused by Listeria monocytogenes, bacteria found in soil and water. It can be in a variety of raw foods as well as in processed foods and foods made from unpasteurized milk. Listeria is unlike many other germs because it can grow even in the cold temperature of the refrigerator.

Symptoms include fever and chills, headache, upset stomach and vomiting. Anyone can get the illness. But it is most likely to affect pregnant women and unborn babies, older adults, and people with weak immune systems. To reduce your risk

  • Use precooked and ready-to-eat foods as soon as you can
  • Avoid raw milk and raw milk products
  • Heat ready-to-eat foods and leftovers until they are steaming hot
  • Wash fresh fruits and vegetables
  • Avoid rare meat and seafood

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention


MEDLINEPLUS

A bacterial infection caused by Listeria monocytogenes. It occurs in newborns, elderly, and immunocompromised patients. The bacteria are transmitted through ingestion of contaminated food. Clinical manifestations include fever, muscle pain, respiratory distress, nausea, diarrhea, neck stiffness, irritability, seizures, and lethargy.
NCI

Infections with bacteria of the genus LISTERIA.
MSH

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vena poplitea

The vein formed by the union of the anterior and posterior tibial veins; it courses through the popliteal space and becomes the femoral vein.
MSH

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fraktury – fixace vnitřní

The use of internal devices (metal plates, nails, rods, etc.) to hold the position of a fracture in proper alignment.
MSH

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depersonalizace

State in which an individual perceives or experiences a sensation of unreality concerning the self or the environment; it is seen in disorders such as schizophrenia, affection disorders, organic mental disorders, and personality disorders. (APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 8th ed.)
MSH

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sluchová percepce – poruchy

Acquired or developmental cognitive disorders of AUDITORY PERCEPTION characterized by a reduced ability to perceive information contained in auditory stimuli despite intact auditory pathways. Affected individuals have difficulty with speech perception, sound localization, and comprehending the meaning of inflections of speech.
MSH

A disorder characterized by the inability of the brain to properly interpret or process the auditory signals it receives from the anatomic structures of the ear.
NCI

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talamus – jádra

several groups of nuclei in the thalamus that serve as the major relay centers for sensory impulses in the brain.
CSP

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kininogen nízkomolekulární

A protein, molecular weight 50 kD, located in various normal tissues. Upon cleavage by KALLIKREINS, it forms KALLIDIN. Kallidin, in turn, is converted into BRADYKININ. (From Stedman, 25th ed)
MSH

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Postnazální zatékání hlenu

Excessive mucous secretion in the back of the nasal cavity or throat, causing sore throat and/or coughing. It is usually due to allergic rhinitis or a cold.
NCI

A disorder characterized by excessive mucous secretion in the back of the nasal cavity or throat, causing sore throat and/or coughing.
NCI

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čelní lalok

The anterior part of the cerebral hemisphere.
MSH

Frontal lobe is the anterior-most of five lobes of the cerebral hemisphere. It is bounded by the central sulcus on its posterior border and by the longitudinal cerebral fissure on its medial border.
FMA

The part of the brain located anterior to the parietal lobes at the front of each cerebral hemisphere. (NCI)
NCI

The part of the brain located anterior to the parietal lobes at the front of each cerebral hemisphere.
NCI

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drogy vyráběné ilegálně

Drugs designed and synthesized, often for illegal street use, by modification of existing drug structures (e.g., amphetamines). Of special interest are MPTP (a reverse ester of meperidine), MDA (3,4-methylenedioxyamphetamine), and MDMA (3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine). Many drugs act on the aminergic system, the physiologically active biogenic amines.
MSH

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autofagie

segregation of part of the cell`s own cytoplasmic material within a membrane and its digestion after fusion of the segregated vacuole with a lysosome.
CSP

The process in which cells digest parts of their own cytoplasm; allows for both recycling of macromolecular constituents under conditions of cellular stress and remodeling the intracellular structure for cell differentiation. [ISBN:0198547684, PMID:11099404, PMID:9412464]
GO

Autophagy is a biological process that involves the lysosomal degradation of intracellular components using it a cell`s own machinery. This process can play a role in cellular defense, embryonic development, and cell growth.
NCI

A normal process in which a cell destroys proteins and other substances in its cytoplasm (the fluid inside the cell membrane but outside the nucleus), which may lead to cell death. Autophagy may prevent normal cells from developing into cancer cells, but it may also protect cancer cells by destroying anticancer drugs or substances taken up by them.
NCI

The segregation and degradation of damaged or unwanted cytoplasmic constituents by autophagic vacuoles (cytolysosomes) composed of LYSOSOMES containing cellular components in the process of digestion; it plays an important role in BIOLOGICAL METAMORPHOSIS of amphibians, in the removal of bone by osteoclasts, and in the degradation of normal cell components in nutritional deficiency states.
MSH

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termoluminiscenční dozimetrie

The use of a device composed of thermoluminescent material for measuring exposure to IONIZING RADIATION. The thermoluminescent material emits light when heated. The amount of light emitted is proportional to the amount of ionizing radiation to which the material has been exposed.
MSH

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Louisiana

A state in the southern midwest United States. Its capital is Baton Rouge.
NCI

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elektrárny

Units that convert some other form of energy into electrical energy.
MSH

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Fundulus

Only genus in the family Funduliadae.
MSH

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dextrorfan

Dextro form of levorphanol. It acts as a noncompetitive NMDA receptor antagonist, among other effects, and has been proposed as a neuroprotective agent. It is also a metabolite of DEXTROMETHORPHAN.
MSH

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azaserin

Antibiotic substance produced by various Streptomyces species. It is an inhibitor of enzymatic activities that involve glutamine and is used as an antineoplastic and immunosuppressive agent.
MSH

a kind of antibiotic and antitumor drug
CHV

A naturally occurring serine derivative diazo compound with antineoplastic properties, Azaserine functions as a purine antagonist and glutamine analogue (glutamine amidotransferase inhibitor) that competitively inhibits pathways in which glutamine is metabolized. An antibiotic and antitumor agent, Azaserine is used in clinical studies as a potential antineoplastic agent. Check for “http://www.cancer.gov/Search/ClinicalTrialsLink.aspx?id=39156&idtype=1″ active clinical trials or “http://www.cancer.gov/Search/ClinicalTrialsLink.aspx?id=39156&idtype=1&closed=1″ closed clinical trials using this agent. (“http://nciterms.nci.nih.gov:80/NCIBrowser/ConceptReport.jsp?dictionary=NCI_Thesaurus&code=C289″ NCI Thesaurus)
PDQ

A naturally occurring serine derivative diazo compound with antineoplastic properties, Azaserine functions as a purine antagonist and glutamine analogue (glutamine amidotransferase inhibitor) that competitively inhibits pathways in which glutamine is metabolized. An antibiotic and antitumor agent, Azaserine is used in clinical studies as a potential antineoplastic agent. (NCI04)
NCI

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Thiobacillus

A genus of gram-negative, rod-shaped bacteria that derives energy from the oxidation of one or more reduced sulfur compounds. Many former species have been reclassified to other classes of PROTEOBACTERIA.
MSH

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plicní nemoc chronická obstrukční

A disease of chronic diffuse irreversible airflow obstruction. Subcategories of COPD include CHRONIC BRONCHITIS and PULMONARY EMPHYSEMA.
MSH

chronic, irreversible obstruction of air flow from the lungs.
CSP

A chronic and progressive lung disorder characterized by the loss of elasticity of the bronchial tree and the air sacs, destruction of the air sacs wall, thickening of the bronchial wall, and mucous accumulation in the bronchial tree. The pathologic changes result in the disruption of the air flow in the bronchial airways. Signs and symptoms include shortness of breath, wheezing, productive cough, and chest tightness. The two main types of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease are chronic obstructive bronchitis and emphysema.
NCI

Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) makes it hard for you to breathe. Coughing up mucus is often the first sign of COPD. Chronic bronchitis and emphysema are common COPDs.

Your airways branch out inside your lungs like an upside-down tree. At the end of each branch are small, balloon-like air sacs. In healthy people, both the airways and air sacs are springy and elastic. When you breathe in, each air sac fills with air like a small balloon. The balloon deflates when you exhale. In COPD, your airways and air sacs lose their shape and become floppy, like a stretched-out rubber band.

Cigarette smoking is the most common cause of COPD. Breathing in other kinds of irritants, like pollution, dust or chemicals, may also cause or contribute to COPD. Quitting smoking is the best way to avoid developing COPD.

Treatment can make you more comfortable, but there is no cure.

NIH: National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute


MEDLINEPLUS

A type of lung disease marked by permanent damage to tissues in the lungs, making it hard to breathe. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease includes chronic bronchitis, in which the bronchi (large air passages) are inflamed and scarred, and emphysema, in which the alveoli (tiny air sacs) are damaged. It develops over many years and is usually caused by cigarette smoking.
NCI

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pregnadieny

Pregnane derivatives containing two double bonds anywhere within the ring structures.
MSH

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Gaffkya homari

A species of facultatively anaerobic, Gram positive, cocci shaped bacteria assigned to the phylum Firmicutes. This bacteria is catalase negative, alpha hemolytic, produces acid from maltose, lactose, sucrose and trehalose, and produces beta glucuronidase. A. viridans is rarely pathogenic in humans but may be associated with urinary tract infections and endocarditis in immunocompromised patients.
NCI

Any bacterial organism that can be assigned to the species Aerococcus viridans.
NCI

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diagnostické techniky urologické

detection or classification of urinary tract diseases or disorders.
CSP

Methods and procedures for the diagnosis of diseases or dysfunction of the urinary tract or its organs or demonstration of its physiological processes.
MSH

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Bacillus anthracis

causes anthrax in humans and animals.
CSP

A species of bacteria that causes ANTHRAX in humans and animals.
MSH

Any bacterial organism that can be assigned to the species Bacillus anthracis.
NCI

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