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sodík – isotopy

Stable sodium atoms that have the same atomic number as the element sodium, but differ in atomic weight. Na-23 is a stable sodium isotope.
MSH

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intenzivní péče o novorozence

Continuous care and monitoring of newborn infants with life-threatening conditions, in any setting.
MSH

continuous care and monitoring of newborn infants with life-threatening conditions, usually administered in specially equipped units of a health care facility.
CSP

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karmín

Coloring matter from the insect Coccus cacti L. It is used in foods, pharmaceuticals, toiletries, etc., as a dye, and also has use as a microscopic stain and biological marker.
MSH

Dye and chemical solution stains for medical purposes are mixtures of synthetic or natural dyes or nondye chemicals in solutions used in staining cells and tissues for diagnostic histopathology, cytopathology, or hematology.
SPN

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pacienti – izolace

The segregation of patients with communicable or other diseases for a specified time. Isolation may be strict, in which movement and social contacts are limited; modified, where an effort to control specified aspects of care is made in order to prevent cross infection; or reverse, where the patient is secluded in a controlled or germ-free environment in order to protect him or her from cross infection.
MSH

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epidurální nádory

Neoplasms located in the space between the vertebral PERIOSTEUM and DURA MATER surrounding the SPINAL CORD. Tumors in this location are most often metastatic in origin and may cause neurologic deficits by mass effect on the spinal cord or nerve roots or by interfering with blood supply to the spinal cord.
MSH

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soman

An organophosphorus compound that inhibits cholinesterase. It causes seizures and has been used as a chemical warfare agent.
MSH

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vnitřní lékařství

A medical specialty concerned with the diagnosis and treatment of diseases of the internal organ systems of adults.
MSH

A medical specialty concerned with the diagnosis of diseases of the internal organs and non-surgical treatments.
NCI

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karubicin

A very toxic anthracycline-type antineoplastic related to DAUNORUBICIN, obtained from Actinomadura carminata.
MSH

An anthracycline antineoplastic antibiotic isolated from the bacterium Actinomadura carminata. Carubicin intercalates into DNA and interacts with topoisomerase II, thereby inhibiting DNA replication and repair and RNA and protein synthesis. Check for “http://www.cancer.gov/Search/ClinicalTrialsLink.aspx?id=39175&idtype=1″ active clinical trials or “http://www.cancer.gov/Search/ClinicalTrialsLink.aspx?id=39175&idtype=1&closed=1″ closed clinical trials using this agent. (“http://nciterms.nci.nih.gov:80/NCIBrowser/ConceptReport.jsp?dictionary=NCI_Thesaurus&code=C352″ NCI Thesaurus)
PDQ

An anthracycline antineoplastic antibiotic isolated from the bacterium Actinomadura carminata. Carubicin intercalates into DNA and interacts with topoisomerase II, thereby inhibiting DNA replication and repair and RNA and protein synthesis.
NCI

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pefloxacin

A synthetic broad-spectrum fluoroquinolone antibacterial agent active against most gram-negative and gram-positive bacteria.
MSH

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Rovníková Guinea

A republic in central Africa, bordering the Bay of Biafra, CAMEROON is to the north and GABON to the south. Its capital is Malabo.
MSH

A country in Western Africa, bordering the Bight of Biafra, between Cameroon and Gabon; composed of a mainland portion and five inhabited islands. (NCI)
NCI

A country in Western Africa, bordering the Bight of Biafra, between Cameroon and Gabon; composed of a mainland portion and five inhabited islands. (CIA World Factbook 2002)
NCI

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časoprostorové shlukování

A statistically significant excess of cases of a disease, occurring within a limited space-time continuum.
MSH

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střeva – pseudoobstrukce

A type of ILEUS, a functional not mechanical obstruction of the INTESTINES. This syndrome is caused by a large number of disorders involving the smooth muscles (MUSCLE, SMOOTH) or the NERVOUS SYSTEM.
MSH

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kathepsin D

An intracellular proteinase found in a variety of tissue. It has specificity similar to but narrower than that of pepsin A. The enzyme is involved in catabolism of cartilage and connective tissue. EC 3.4.23.5. (Formerly EC 3.4.4.23).
MSH

Cathepsin D, encoded by the CTSD Gene, is a lysosomal aspartyl protease composed of a dimer of disulfide-linked heavy and light chains, both produced from a single protein precursor. It has a specificity similar to but narrower than that of pepsin A, decomposing cytoplasmic proteins, cell organelles, collagen, elastase and proteoglycans. Cathepsin D takes part in angiogenesis and activates osteoclasts, and plays a major role in the destruction of bone tissue by cholesteatoma. Transcription of the CTSD gene is initiated from several sites, including one which is a start site for an estrogen-regulated transcript. Mutations in this gene are involved in the pathogenesis of several diseases, including breast and ovarian cancer, and possibly Alzheimer disease. (From LocusLink, PMID 12185597 and NCI)
NCI

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penis – erekce

The state of the PENIS when the erectile tissue becomes filled or swollen (tumid) with BLOOD and causes the penis to become rigid and elevated. It is a complex process involving CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM; PERIPHERAL NERVOUS SYSTEMS; HORMONES; SMOOTH MUSCLES; and vascular functions.
MSH

physiological response of penile erectile tissue engorging with blood due to male sexual arousal.
CSP

The hardening, enlarging and rising of the penis which often occurs in the sexually aroused male and enables sexual intercourse. Achieved by increased inflow of blood into the vessels of erectile tissue, and decreased outflow. [GOC:jl, Wikipedia:Penile_erection]
GO

In medicine, the swelling of the penis with blood, causing it to become firm.
NCI

The hardening, enlarging and rising of the penis which often occurs in the sexually aroused male.
NCI

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říhání

The ejection of gas or air through the mouth from the stomach.
MSH

To belch, the casting of upwind from the stomach.
NCI

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spektrální analýza

The measurement of the amplitude of the components of a complex waveform throughout the frequency range of the waveform. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
MSH

Image where signals are identified and separated according to their frequencies, e.g., to identify individual chemicals, or individual nuclei in a chemical compound.
NCI

The study of the amount of light that is taken up, given off, or scattered (reflected) by an object. Spectroscopy breaks down light and measures different wavelengths of visible and non-visible light. In medicine, different types of spectroscopy are being used to study tissues and to help make a diagnosis.
NCI

The technique of measuring the emission and absorption of different wavelengths (spectra) of visible and non-visible light. This can be done via a spectroscope, which consists of a slit, prism, collimator lens, object lens, and a grating.
NCI

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bezobratlí

Animals that have no spinal column.
MSH

general category of the kingdom Animalia (multicellular animals) including those phyla whose members lack a notochord; ie, all animals except vertebrates in the phylum Chordata.
CSP

An animal lacking a vertebral column. This group consists of 98% of all animal species.
NCI

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cékum – nemoci

Pathological developments in the CECUM.
MSH

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peptický vřed – perforace

Penetration of a PEPTIC ULCER through the wall of DUODENUM or STOMACH allowing the leakage of luminal contents into the PERITONEAL CAVITY.
MSH

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erythromycin ethylsukcinát

A macrolide antibiotic, produced by Streptomyces erythreus. This compound is an ester of erythromycin base and succinic acid. It acts primarily as a bacteriostatic agent. In sensitive organisms, it inhibits protein synthesis by binding to 50S ribosomal subunits. This binding process inhibits peptidyl transferase activity and interferes with translocation of amino acids during translation and assembly of proteins.
MSH

The ethylsuccinate salt form of erythromycin, a broad-spectrum, topical macrolide antibiotic with antibacterial activity. Erythromycin ethylsuccinate diffuses through the bacterial cell membrane and reversibly binds to the 50S subunit of the bacterial ribosome. This prevents bacterial protein synthesis. Erythromycin ethylsuccinate may be bacteriostatic or bactericidal in action, depending on the concentration of the drug at the site of infection and the susceptibility of the organism involved.
NCI

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spermicidy

Chemical substances that are destructive to spermatozoa used as topically administered vaginal contraceptives.
MSH

agent destructive to spermatozoa.
CSP

A chemical product that is deleterious to sperms and can be in the form of either a jelly, foam, or cream.
NCI

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jofendylát

A mixture of isomers used as contrast medium, mainly for brain and spinal cord visualization.
MSH

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buňky – počet

The number of CELLS of a specific kind, usually measured per unit volume or area of sample.
MSH

A procedure to determine the number of cells in a sample. Also used to mean the result of such a procedure.
NCI

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parfém

A substance, extract, or preparation for diffusing or imparting an agreeable or attractive smell, especially a fluid containing fragrant natural oils extracted from flowers, woods, etc., or similar synthetic oils. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)
MSH

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Esocidae

A family of freshwater fish of the order ESOCIFORMES, comprising the pikes, inhabiting the waters of the Northern Hemisphere. There is one genus, Esox, with five species: northern pike, grass pickerel, chain pickerel, muskellunge, and Amur pike.
MSH

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mícha – poranění

Penetrating and non-penetrating injuries to the spinal cord resulting from traumatic external forces (e.g., WOUNDS, GUNSHOT; WHIPLASH INJURIES; etc.).
MSH

damage inflicted on any part of the spinal cord as the direct or indirect result of an external force, with or without disruption of structural continuity.
CSP

Spinal cord injuries usually begin with a blow that fractures or dislocates your vertebrae, the bone disks that make up your spine. Most injuries don`t sever your spinal cord. Instead, they cause damage when pieces of vertebrae tear into cord tissue or press down on the nerve parts that carry signals. In a complete spinal cord injury, the cord can`t relay messages below the level of the injury. As a result, you are paralyzed below the level of injury. In an incomplete injury, you have some movement and sensation below the injury.

A spinal cord injury is a medical emergency. Immediate treatment can reduce long-term effects. Later treatment usually includes medicine and rehabilitation therapy.

NIH: National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke


MEDLINEPLUS

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os ischii

The most posterior and ventral bone making up the pelvis. (NCI)
NCI

The most posterior and ventral bone making up the pelvis.
NCI

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buňky kultivované

Cells propagated in vitro in special media conducive to their growth. Cultured cells are used to study developmental, morphologic, metabolic, physiologic, and genetic processes, among others.
MSH

Cells adapted to culture, but with finite division potential. (On-line Medical Dictionary)
NCI

A human, plant, or animal cell that has been adapted to grow in the laboratory. Cultured cells may be used to diagnose infections, to test new drugs, and in research.
NCI

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periodicita

The tendency of a phenomenon to recur at regular intervals; in biological systems, the recurrence of certain activities (including hormonal, cellular, neural) may be annual, seasonal, monthly, daily, or more frequently (ultradian).
MSH

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kyselina ethakrynová

A compound that inhibits symport of sodium, potassium, and chloride primarily in the ascending limb of Henle, but also in the proximal and distal tubules. This pharmacological action results in excretion of these ions, increased urinary output, and reduction in extracellular fluid. This compound has been classified as a loop or high ceiling diuretic.
MSH

An aryloxy-acetic acid derivative belonging to the class of loop diuretics. Ethacrynic acid interferes with the chloride binding site of the Na+, K+, Cl- cotransporter system in the thick ascending loop of Henle, thereby inhibiting the reabsorption of sodium, potassium, and chloride ions. This leads to an increase in the excretion of sodium, potassium, chloride, calcium, and water. Check for “http://www.cancer.gov/Search/ClinicalTrialsLink.aspx?id=41163&idtype=1″ active clinical trials or “http://www.cancer.gov/Search/ClinicalTrialsLink.aspx?id=41163&idtype=1&closed=1″ closed clinical trials using this agent. (“http://nciterms.nci.nih.gov:80/NCIBrowser/ConceptReport.jsp?dictionary=NCI_Thesaurus&code=C485″ NCI Thesaurus)
PDQ

An aryloxy-acetic acid derivative belonging to the class of loop diuretics. Ethacrynic acid interferes with the chloride binding site of the Na+, K+, Cl- cotransporter system in the thick ascending loop of Henle, thereby inhibiting the reabsorption of sodium, potassium, and chloride ions. This leads to an increase in the excretion of sodium, potassium, chloride, calcium, and water.
NCI

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