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ganglioneurom

A benign neoplasm that usually arises from the sympathetic trunk in the mediastinum. Histologic features include spindle cell proliferation (resembling a neurofibroma) and the presence of large ganglion cells. The tumor may present clinically with HORNER SYNDROME or diarrhea due to ectopic production of vasoactive intestinal peptide. (From DeVita et al., Cancer: Principles and Practice of Oncology, 5th ed, p966)
MSH

A well differentiated, slow growing neuroepithelial neoplasm composed of neoplastic, mature ganglion cells. (Adapted from WHO)
NCI

A benign neuroblastic tumor of the sympathetic nervous system that occurs in childhood. Ganglioneuroma typically arises from the sympathetic trunk in the mediastinum. Histologic features include spindle cell proliferation (resembling a neurofibroma) and the presence of large ganglion cells. Common presenting features include a palpable abdominal mass, hepatomegaly, and a thoracic mass detected on routine chest X-ray.
NCI

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Oddiho svěrač

The sphincter of the hepatopancreatic ampulla within the duodenal papilla. The COMMON BILE DUCT and main pancreatic duct pass through this sphincter.
MSH

The muscle fibres around the opening of the common bile duct (ductus choledochus) into the duodenum at the papilla of Vater.
NCI

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dekomprese explozivní

A sudden loss of pressure in a pressurized cabin, cockpit, or the like, so rapid as to be explosive. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 5th ed)
MSH

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zdravotní výchova – vzdělávací střediska

Education centers authorized by the Comprehensive Health Manpower Training Act, 1971, for the training of health personnel in areas where health needs are the greatest. May be used for centers other than those established by the United States act.
MSH

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makroglosie

The presence of an excessively large tongue, which may be congenital or may develop as a result of a tumor or edema due to obstruction of lymphatic vessels, or it may occur in association with hyperpituitarism or acromegaly. It also may be associated with malocclusion because of pressure of the tongue on the teeth. (From Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992)
MSH

A finding indicating enlargement of the tongue.
NCI

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salicylanilidy

2-Hydroxy-N-phenylbenzamides. N-phenyl substituted salicylamides. Derivatives have been used as fungicides, anti-mildew agents and topical antifungal agents. In concentrated form may cause irritation of skin and mucous membranes.
MSH

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gastritida atrofická

GASTRITIS with atrophy of the GASTRIC MUCOSA, the GASTRIC PARIETAL CELLS, and the mucosal glands leading to ACHLORHYDRIA. Atrophic gastritis usually progresses from chronic gastritis.
MSH

A condition in which the stomach muscles shrink and become weak. The digestive (peptic) glands may also shrink, resulting in a lack of digestive juices.
NCI

Inflammation of the body fundic mucosa of the stomach. It results from the development of autoantibodies against the parietal and chief cells. It is associated with the presence of intestinal metaplasia and an increased risk of developing gastric carcinoma.
NCI

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nervus olfactorius

The 1st cranial nerve. The olfactory nerve conveys the sense of smell. It is formed by the axons of OLFACTORY RECEPTOR NEURONS which project from the olfactory epithelium (in the nasal epithelium) to the OLFACTORY BULB.
MSH

first cranial nerve; conveys the sense of smell; it is formed by the axons of olfactory receptor neurons which project from the olfactory epithelium (in the nasal epithelium) to the olfactory bulb.
CSP

Segment of neural tree organ which is continuous with the olfactory epithelium and an olfactory bulb.
FMA

Set of nerves that is continuous with the olfactory bulb and the olfactory bulb.
FMA

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porod – vypuzení plodu a placenty

Delivery of the FETUS and PLACENTA under the care of an obstetrician or a health worker. Obstetric deliveries may involve physical, psychological, medical, or surgical interventions.
MSH

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arsenamid

Proposed chemotherapeutic agent against filaria and trichomonas.
MSH

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údržba a strojní zařízení nemocnice

Hospital department whose primary function is the upkeep and supervision of the buildings and grounds and the maintenance of hospital physical plant and equipment which requires engineering expertise.
MSH

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Salmonidae

A family of anadromous fish comprising SALMON; TROUT; whitefish; and graylings. They are the most important food and game fishes. Their habitat is the northern Atlantic and Pacific, both marine and inland, and the Great Lakes. (Nelson: Fishes of the World, 1976, p97)
MSH

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Porucha pohlavní identity

A disorder characterized by a strong and persistent cross-gender identification (such as stating a desire to be the other sex or frequently passing as the other sex) coupled with persistent discomfort with his or her sex (manifested in adults, for example, as a preoccupation with altering primary and secondary sex characteristics through hormonal manipulation or surgery).
NCI

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onkogeny

Genes whose gain-of-function alterations lead to NEOPLASTIC CELL TRANSFORMATION. They include, for example, genes for activators or stimulators of CELL PROLIFERATION such as growth factors, growth factor receptors, protein kinases, signal transducers, nuclear phosphoproteins, and transcription factors. A prefix of “v-” before oncogene symbols indicates oncogenes captured and transmitted by RETROVIRUSES; the prefix “c-” before the gene symbol of an oncogene indicates it is the cellular homolog (PROTO-ONCOGENES) of a v-oncogene.
MSH

endogenous or acquired genes whose presence or activation leads to neoplastic transformation; compare with TUMOR SUPPRESSOR GENE and PROTOONCOGENE.
CSP

A gene that is a mutated (changed) form of a gene involved in normal cell growth. Oncogenes may cause the growth of cancer cells. Mutations in genes that become oncogenes can be inherited or caused by being exposed to substances in the environment that cause cancer.
NCI

A gene that normally directs cell growth. If mutated or overexpressed in a dominant fashion, it can release the cell from normal restraints on growth. It alone or in concert with other changes, converts the cell into a tumor cell. Alterations can be inherited or caused by an environmental exposure to carcinogens.
NCI

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zubní amalgam

An alloy used in restorative dentistry that contains mercury, silver, tin, copper, and possibly zinc.
MSH

alloy of mercury with another metal (usually silver) used by dentists to fill cavities in teeth.
CSP

An amalgam alloy is a device that consists of a metallic substance intended to be mixed with mercury to form filling material for treatment of dental caries.
SPN

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členovci – vektory

Arthropods, other than insects and arachnids, which transmit infective organisms from one host to another or from an inanimate reservoir to an animate host.
MSH

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malpighické kanálky

Slender tubular or hairlike excretory structures found in insects. They emerge from the alimentary canal between the mesenteron (midgut) and the proctodeum (hindgut).
MSH

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sarkocystóza

Infection of the striated muscle of mammals by parasites of the genus SARCOCYSTIS. Disease symptoms such as vomiting, diarrhea, muscle weakness, and paralysis are produced by sarcocystin, a toxin produced by the organism.
MSH

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anestetika celková

Agents that induce various degrees of analgesia; depression of consciousness, circulation, and respiration; relaxation of skeletal muscle; reduction of reflex activity; and amnesia. There are two types of general anesthetics, inhalation and intravenous. With either type, the arterial concentration of drug required to induce anesthesia varies with the condition of the patient, the desired depth of anesthesia, and the concomitant use of other drugs. (From AMA Drug Evaluations Annual, 1994, p.173)
MSH

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opipramol

A tricyclic antidepressant with actions similar to AMITRIPTYLINE.
MSH

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zubní implantáty

Biocompatible materials placed into (endosseous) or onto (subperiosteal) the jawbone to support a crown, bridge, or artificial tooth, or to stabilize a diseased tooth.
MSH

materials placed into (endosseous) or onto (subperiosteal) the jawbone to support a crown, bridge, or artificial tooth, or to stabilize a diseased tooth; for those placed into bone use more specific ENDOSSEOUS DENTAL IMPLANT.
CSP

Materials placed into (endosseous) or onto (subperiosteal) the jawbone; commonly used to support a crown, bridge, artificial tooth, stabilize a diseased tooth, or to use as anchorage in orthodontic therapy.
NCI

A metal device that is surgically placed in the jawbone. It acts as an anchor for an artificial tooth or teeth.
NCI

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asepse

The prevention of access by infecting organisms to the locus of potential infection.
MSH

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manipulace ortopedická

The planned and carefully managed manual movement of the musculoskeletal system, extremities, and spine to produce increased motion. The term is sometimes used to denote a precise sequence of movements of a joint to determine the presence of disease or to reduce a dislocation. In the case of fractures, orthopedic manipulation can produce better position and alignment of the fracture. (From Blauvelt & Nelson, A Manual of Orthopaedic Terminology, 5th ed, p264)
MSH

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schizoidní osobnost

A personality disorder manifested by a profound defect in the ability to form social relationships, no desire for social involvement, and an indifference to praise or criticism.
MSH

individuals exhibit a pervasive pattern of indifference to social relationships and a restricted range of emotional experience and expression, beginning by early adulthood and present in a variety of contexts.
CSP

A disorder characterized by an enduring pattern of extreme social detachment and lack of involvement in interpersonal activities, coupled with emotional coldness.
NCI

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geny syntetické

Biologically functional sequences of DNA chemically synthesized in vitro.
MSH

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orbita – nemoci

Diseases of the bony orbit and contents except the eyeball.
MSH

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stomatologické služby nemocnice

Hospital department providing dental care.
MSH

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nadechnutí

Taking ambient air into the lungs; breathing in.
NCI

To draw in with the breath through the nose or mouth.
NCI

In medicine, refers to the act of taking a substance into the body by breathing.
NCI

Inhalation


HL7V3.0

The act of BREATHING in.
MSH

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Marfanův syndrom

An autosomal dominant disorder of CONNECTIVE TISSUE with abnormal features in the heart, the eye, and the skeleton. Cardiovascular manifestations include MITRAL VALVE PROLAPSE, dilation of the AORTA, and aortic dissection. Other features include lens displacement (ectopia lentis), disproportioned long limbs and enlarged DURA MATER (dural ectasia). Marfan syndrome is associated with mutations in the gene encoding fibrillin, a major element of extracellular microfibrils of connective tissue.
MSH

disorder of connective tissue characterized by tall stature, elongated extremities, subluxation of the lens, dilatation of the ascending aorta, and “pigeon breast”; inherited as an autosomal dominant trait.
CSP

A genetic syndrome inherited as an autosomal dominant trait. It is caused by mutations in the FBN1 gene. It is characterized by tall stature, elongated extremities, mitral valve prolapse, aortic dilatation, aortic dissection, and sublaxation of the lens.
NCI

Marfan syndrome is a disorder that affects connective tissue. Connective tissues are proteins that support skin, bones, blood vessels and other organs. One of these proteins is fibrillin. A problem with the fibrillin gene causes Marfan syndrome.

Marfan syndrome can be mild to severe, and the symptoms can vary. People with Marfan syndrome are often very tall, thin and loose jointed. Most people with Marfan syndrome have heart and blood vessel problems, such as a weakness in the aorta or heart valves that leak. They may also have problems with their bones, eyes, skin, nervous system and lungs.

NIH: National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases


MEDLINEPLUS

A hereditary disorder of connective tissue characterized by tall stature, elongated extremities, dilatation of the ascending aorta, and pigeon breast.
CHV

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vědci – nesprávné chování

Intentional falsification of scientific data by presentation of fraudulent or incomplete or uncorroborated findings as scientific fact.
MSH

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