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nervus opticus – nemoci

Conditions which produce injury or dysfunction of the second cranial or optic nerve, which is generally considered a component of the central nervous system. Damage to optic nerve fibers may occur at or near their origin in the retina, at the optic disk, or in the nerve, optic chiasm, optic tract, or lateral geniculate nuclei. Clinical manifestations may include decreased visual acuity and contrast sensitivity, impaired color vision, and an afferent pupillary defect.
MSH

conditions which produce injury or dysfunction in the 2nd cranial nerve; clinical manifestations may include decreased visual acuity and contrast sensitivity or impaired color vision.
CSP

A non-neoplastic or neoplastic disorder affecting the optic nerve (second cranial nerve).
NCI

A disorder characterized by involvement of the optic nerve (second cranial nerve).
NCI

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kovy – vrozené poruchy metabolismu

genetically determined biochemical disorders in metal absorption, metal excretion, metal transport, or incorporation of metal to protein or enzyme.
CSP

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inhibitory růstu

Endogenous or exogenous substances which inhibit the normal growth of human and animal cells or micro-organisms, as distinguished from those affecting plant growth (= PLANT GROWTH REGULATORS).
MSH

endogenous or exogenous substances which inhibit the normal growth of animals, plants, fungi, or their tissues, or the growth of microorganisms.
CSP

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mozkové komory – nádory

Neoplasms located in the brain ventricles, including the two lateral, the third, and the fourth ventricle. Ventricular tumors may be primary (e.g., CHOROID PLEXUS NEOPLASMS and GLIOMA, SUBEPENDYMAL), metastasize from distant organs, or occur as extensions of locally invasive tumors from adjacent brain structures.
MSH

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School Health

Your child spends more time at school than anywhere else except home. Schools can have a major effect on children`s health, by teaching about health and promoting healthy behaviors. The school building and environment should be a safe and healthy place for your child.

Schools work to prevent risky behaviors such as alcohol and tobacco use, inactivity or bullying. They may also deal with specific health problems in students, such as asthma, obesity and infectious diseases.


MEDLINEPLUS

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organické látky

A broad class of substances containing carbon and its derivatives. Many of these chemicals will frequently contain hydrogen with or without oxygen, nitrogen, sulfur, phosphorus, and other elements. They exist in either carbon chain or carbon ring form.
MSH

broad class of substances containing carbon and its derivatives; many of these chemicals will frequently contain hydrogen with or without oxygen, nitrogen, sulfur, phosphorus, and other elements.
CSP

Molecule that contains atoms of the element carbon, usually combined with itself and with atoms of one or more other element such as hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen, sulfur, phosphorus, chlorine, or fluorine. Excludes carbides, carbonates and carbon oxides. (from EPA Terminology Reference System)
NCI

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methallibur

A dithiobiurea compound with anti-gonadotropic activity.
MSH

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Guatemala

Central American country south of Mexico bordering on the Pacific and the Caribbean, capital city is Guatemala City.
CSP

A country in Central America, bordering the Caribbean Sea, between Honduras and Belize and bordering the North Pacific Ocean, between El Salvador and Mexico. (NCI)
NCI

A country in Central America, bordering the Caribbean Sea, between Honduras and Belize and bordering the North Pacific Ocean, between El Salvador and Mexico. (CIA World Factbook 2002)
NCI

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cervikální hlen

A slightly alkaline secretion of the endocervical glands. The consistency and amount are dependent on the physiological hormone changes in the menstrual cycle. It contains the glycoprotein mucin, amino acids, sugar, enzymes, and electrolytes, with a water content up to 90%. The mucus is a useful protection against the ascent of bacteria and sperm into the uterus. (From Dictionary of Obstetrics and Gynecology, 1988)
MSH

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sklerostomie

Surgical formation of an external opening in the sclera, primarily in the treatment of glaucoma.
MSH

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orofarynx – nádory

Tumors or cancer of the OROPHARYNX.
MSH

new abnormal oropharnyngeal tissue that grows by excessive cellular division and proliferation more rapidly than normal and continues to grow after the stimuli that initiated the new growth cease; oral pharyngeal refers to the region of the body between the lips and the oropharynx, which is pharynx below the soft palate and above the epiglottis.
CSP

Abnormal growth of the cells that comprise the oropharynx.
NCI

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methotrimeprazin

A phenothiazine with pharmacological activity similar to that of both CHLORPROMAZINE and PROMETHAZINE. It has the histamine-antagonist properties of the antihistamines together with CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM effects resembling those of chlorpromazine. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p604)
MSH

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Haemophilus – infekce

Infections with bacteria of the genus HAEMOPHILUS.
MSH

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chelátová terapie

therapy of heavy metal poisoning using agents which sequester the metal from organs or tissues and bind it firmly within the ring structure of a new compound which can be eliminated from the body.
CSP

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systémy druhého messengeru

Systems in which an intracellular signal is generated in response to an intercellular primary messenger such as a hormone or neurotransmitter. They are intermediate signals in cellular processes such as metabolism, secretion, contraction, phototransduction, and cell growth. Examples of second messenger systems are the adenyl cyclase-cyclic AMP system, the phosphatidylinositol diphosphate-inositol triphosphate system, and the cyclic GMP system.
NCI

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osmotická fragilita

RED BLOOD CELL sensitivity to change in OSMOTIC PRESSURE. When exposed to a hypotonic concentration of sodium in a solution, red cells take in more water, swell until the capacity of the cell membrane is exceeded, and burst.
MSH

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methylmannosidy

Mannosides formed by the reaction of the hydroxyl group on the anomeric carbon atom of mannose with methyl alcohol. They include both alpha- and beta-methylmannosides.
MSH

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ruka

part of the upper limb distal to the wrist including carpus, metacarpus and fingers.
CSP

The distal portion of the upper extremity. It consists of the carpus, metacarpus, and digits. (NCI)
NCI

The distal portion of the upper extremity. It consists of the carpus, metacarpus, and digits.
NCI

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žvýkačka

A preparation of chicle, sometimes mixed with other plastic substances, sweetened and flavored. It is masticated usually for pleasure as a candy substitute but it sometimes acts as a vehicle for the administration of medication.
MSH

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`Selfish DNA`

DNA whose role appears to be its own replication, e.g., transposable elements and some SATELLITE DNA.
MSH

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osteopenie

decreased calcification, bone density, or bone mass due to inadequate osteoid synthesis.
CSP

Decreased calcification or density of bone tissue.
NCI

A condition in which there is a lower-than-normal bone mass or bone mineral density (the amount of bone mineral contained in a certain amount of bone). Osteopenia is a less severe form of bone loss than osteoporosis.
NCI

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Američané mexického původu

use this term to index residents of the U.S. or other American country, including Mexico, who are of Mexican origin or ancestry (typo in SN MBL).
CSP

Persons living in the United States of Mexican descent.
MSH

Denotes an american citizen of Mexican decent.
NCI

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hlava – ochranné prostředky

Personal devices for protection of heads from impact, penetration from falling and flying objects, and from limited electric shock and burn.
MSH

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dětské reaktivní poruchy

Reactions to an event or set of events which are considered to be of pathological degree, that have not developed into a neurosis, psychosis, or personality disorder with fixed patterns.
MSH

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seriová extrakce

The selective extraction of deciduous teeth during the stage of mixed dentition in accordance with the shedding and eruption of the teeth. It is done over an extended period to allow autonomous adjustment to relieve crowding of the dental arches during the eruption of the lateral incisors, canines, and premolars, eventually involving the extraction of the first premolar teeth. (Dorland, 28th ed)
MSH

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ovarium – funkční testy

Methods used for assessment of ovarian function.
MSH

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mikrokoková nukleasa

An enzyme that catalyzes the endonucleolytic cleavage to 3`-phosphomononucleotide and 3`-phospholigonucleotide end-products. It can cause hydrolysis of double- or single-stranded DNA or RNA. (From Enzyme Nomenclature, 1992) EC 3.1.31.1.
MSH

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zdravotnické plánování – technická pomoc

The provision of expert assistance in developing health planning programs, plans as technical materials, etc., as requested by Health Systems Agencies or other health planning organizations.
MSH

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chlorambucil

A nitrogen mustard alkylating agent used as antineoplastic for chronic lymphocytic leukemia, Hodgkin`s disease, and others. Although it is less toxic than most other nitrogen mustards, it has been listed as a known carcinogen in the Fourth Annual Report on Carcinogens (NTP 85-002, 1985). (Merck Index, 11th ed)
MSH

nitrogen mustard alkylating agent used as antineoplastic for chronic lymphocytic leukemia, Hodgkin`s disease, and others; may be a carcinogen.
CSP

A drug used to treat several types of leukemias and lymphomas. It blocks cell growth by damaging the cell`s DNA and may kill cancer cells. It is a type of alkylating agent.
NCI

An orally-active antineoplastic aromatic nitrogen mustard. Chlorambucil alkylates and cross-links DNA during all phases of the cell cycle, resulting in disruption of DNA function, cell cycle arrest, and apoptosis. Check for “http://www.cancer.gov/Search/ClinicalTrialsLink.aspx?id=43113&idtype=1″ active clinical trials or “http://www.cancer.gov/Search/ClinicalTrialsLink.aspx?id=43113&idtype=1&closed=1″ closed clinical trials using this agent. (“http://nciterms.nci.nih.gov:80/NCIBrowser/ConceptReport.jsp?dictionary=NCI_Thesaurus&code=C362″ NCI Thesaurus)
PDQ

An orally-active antineoplastic aromatic nitrogen mustard. Chlorambucil alkylates and cross-links DNA during all phases of the cell cycle, resulting in disruption of DNA function, cell cycle arrest, and apoptosis. (NCI04)
NCI

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Serum total protein measurement

A quantitative measurement of the total amount of protein present in a sample of serum.
NCI

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