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represe-senzibilizace

Defense mechanisms involving approach and avoidance responses to threatening stimuli. The sensitizing process involves intellectualization in approaching or controlling the stimulus whereas repression involves unconscious denial in avoiding the stimulus.
MSH

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chylus

An opaque, milky-white fluid consisting mainly of emulsified fats that passes through the lacteals of the small intestines into the lymphatic system.
MSH

Lymph mixed with fats absorbed by the small intestine.
FMA

A milky-white fluid that forms in the small intestine during digestion. It is made of lymph fluid and fats. Special lymph vessels carry chyle from the intestines to the blood.
NCI

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flatulence

Production or presence of gas in the gastrointestinal tract which may be expelled through the anus.
MSH

Gas or air in the gastrointestinal tract.
NCI

Excretion in gaseous state processed in the stomach and small intestine.
FMA

Everyone has gas. Most people produce about 1 to 4 pints a day and pass gas about 14 times a day. Passing gas through the mouth is called belching or burping. Passing gas through the rectum is called flatulence. Most of the time gas does not have an odor. The odor comes from bacteria in the large intestine that release small amounts of gases that contain sulfur.

Gas in the digestive tract comes from two sources: air that you swallow and the breakdown of undigested food by bacteria in the large intestine. Certain foods may cause gas. Foods that produce gas in one person may not cause gas in another. Drinking lots of water and non-fizzy drinks and chewing food more to lessen the amount of air you swallow when you eat can help reduce gas. For people with lactose intolerance, avoiding milk products will help.

NIH: National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases


MEDLINEPLUS

A disorder characterized by a state of excessive gas in the alimentary canal.
NCI

Gas or air in the gastrointestinal tract.
NCI

Excretion in gaseous state processed the stomach and small intestine.
UWDA

Excretion in gaseous state processed the large intestin
UWDA

A state of excessive gas in the alimentary canal.
NCI

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leukémie T-buněčná

A malignant disease of the T-LYMPHOCYTES in the bone marrow, thymus, and/or blood.
MSH

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syndrom respirační tísně novorozenců

a condition of the newborn marked by dyspnea with cyanosis, heralded by such prodromal signs as dilatation of the alae nasi, expiratory grunt, and retraction of the suprasternal notch or costal margins, most frequently occurring in premature infants, children of diabetic mothers, and infants delivered by cesarean section, and sometimes with no apparent predisposing cause.
CSP

A condition of the newborn marked by dyspnea with cyanosis, most frequently occurring in premature infants, children of diabetic mothers and infants delivered by cesarean section, and sometimes with no predisposing cause.
NCI

A condition of the newborn marked by DYSPNEA with CYANOSIS, heralded by such prodromal signs as dilatation of the alae nasi, expiratory grunt, and retraction of the suprasternal notch or costal margins, mostly frequently occurring in premature infants, children of diabetic mothers, and infants delivered by cesarean section, and sometimes with no apparent predisposing cause.
MSH

A condition of the newborn marked by dyspnea with cyanosis, most frequently occurring in premature infants, children of diabetic mothers and infants delivered by cesarean section, and sometimes with no predisposing cause.
NCI

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Structure of cisterna chyli

An enlarged sac-like lymph vessel located in the lumbar region of the abdominal cavity, just right of the ABDOMINAL AORTA.
MSH

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flumazenil

A potent benzodiazepine receptor antagonist. Since it reverses the sedative and other actions of benzodiazepines, it has been suggested as an antidote to benzodiazepine overdoses.
MSH

An imidazo-benzodiazepine derivative, effective in reversing benzodiazepine-induced activities. Flumazenil antagonizes the benzodiazepine binding site of the gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA)/benzodiazepine receptor complex in the central nervous system (CNS), thereby preventing the chloride channel opening events and inhibiting neuronal hyperpolarization. As a result, flumazenil reverses benzodiazepine-induced effects including sedation, psychomotor deficits, amnesia, and hypoventilation in a dose-dependent manner.
NCI

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levokardie

Congenital abnormalities in which the HEART is in the normal position (levocardia) in the left side of the chest but some or all of the THORAX or ABDOMEN viscera are transposed laterally (SITUS INVERSUS). It is also known as situs inversus with levocardia, or isolated levocardia. This condition is often associated with severe heart defects and splenic abnormalities such as asplenia or polysplenia.
MSH

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mononukleární fagocytární systém

mononuclear phagocyte system (monocytes and macrophages) plus the vascular endothelium and the reticular and dendritic cells of lymphoid organs; whether this heterogeneous collection can still be considered a “system” is controversial.
CSP

Mononuclear cells with pronounced phagocytic ability that are distributed extensively in lymphoid and other organs. It includes MACROPHAGES and their precursors; PHAGOCYTES; KUPFFER CELLS; HISTIOCYTES; DENDRITIC CELLS; LANGERHANS CELLS; and MICROGLIA. The term mononuclear phagocyte system has replaced the former reticuloendothelial system, which also included less active phagocytic cells such as fibroblasts and endothelial cells. (From Illustrated Dictionary of Immunology, 2d ed.)
MSH

A widely distributed collection of both free and fixed macrophages derived from bone marrow precursor cells by way of monocytes; their substantial phagocytic activity is mediated by immunoglobulin and the serum complement system. In both connective and lymphoid tissue, they may occur as free and fixed macrophages; in the sinusoids of the liver, as Kupffer cells; in the lung, as alveolar macrophages; and in the nervous system, as microglia.
NCI

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klenbuterol

A substituted phenylaminoethanol that has beta-2 adrenomimetic properties at very low doses. It is used as a bronchodilator in asthma.
MSH

A substituted phenylaminoethanol and a long-acting beta-2 adrenergic agonist with sympathomimetic activity. Clenbuterol selectively binds to and activates beta-2 adrenergic receptors in bronchiolar smooth muscle, thereby causing stimulation of adenyl cyclase, the enzyme that catalyzes the conversion of adenosine triphosphate (ATP) to cyclic-3`,5`-adenosine monophosphate (cAMP). Increased intracellular cAMP levels cause relaxation of smooth muscle. In addition, clenbuterol also stimulates central nervous system (CNS), and causes an increase in blood pressure and heart rate due to both beta-2 and beta-1 adrenergic activities. This agent may also exert an anabolic or anti-catabolic effect due to as of yet unidentified mechanisms.
NCI

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fluoxetin

The first highly specific serotonin uptake inhibitor. It is used as an antidepressant and often has a more acceptable side-effects profile than traditional antidepressants.
MSH

N-methyl-gamma-(4-(trifluoromethyl) -phenoxy)-benzenepropanamine; used in the treatment of depression; action thought to be linked to its inhibition of CNS neuronal uptake of serotonin.
CSP

A drug used to treat depression. It belongs to the family of drugs called antidepressants.
NCI

antidepressant drug sold under the brand name Prozac
CHV

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lidokain

A local anesthetic and cardiac depressant used as an antiarrhythmia agent. Its actions are more intense and its effects more prolonged than those of procaine but its duration of action is shorter than that of bupivacaine or prilocaine.
MSH

drug having anesthetic, sedative, analgesic, anticonvulsant and cardiac depressant activities, used as a local anesthetic; applied topically to the skin and mucous membranes.
CSP

A substance used to relieve pain by blocking signals at the nerve endings in skin. It can also be given intravenously to stop heart arrhythmias. It is a type of local anesthetic and antiarrhythmic.
NCI

A synthetic aminoethylamide with local anesthetic and antiarrhythmic properties. Lidocaine stabilizes the neuronal membrane by binding to and inhibiting voltage-gated sodium channels, thereby inhibiting the ionic fluxes required for the initiation and conduction of impulses and effecting local anesthesia. Check for “http://www.cancer.gov/Search/ClinicalTrialsLink.aspx?id=39607&idtype=1″ active clinical trials or “http://www.cancer.gov/Search/ClinicalTrialsLink.aspx?id=39607&idtype=1&closed=1″ closed clinical trials using this agent. (“http://nciterms.nci.nih.gov:80/NCIBrowser/ConceptReport.jsp?dictionary=NCI_Thesaurus&code=C614″ NCI Thesaurus)
PDQ

A synthetic aminoethylamide with local anesthetic and antiarrhythmic properties. Lidocaine stabilizes the neuronal membrane by binding to and inhibiting voltage-gated sodium channels, thereby inhibiting the ionic fluxes required for the initiation and conduction of impulses and effecting local anesthesia.
NCI

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retrognacie

Retrusion of the mandible. (Dorland, 27th ed)
MSH

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klonorchiáza

Infection of the biliary passages with CLONORCHIS SINENSIS, also called Opisthorchis sinensis. It may lead to inflammation of the biliary tract, proliferation of biliary epithelium, progressive portal fibrosis, and sometimes bile duct carcinoma. Extension to the liver may lead to fatty changes and cirrhosis. (From Dorland, 27th ed)
MSH

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potravinářská barviva

Natural or synthetic dyes used as coloring agents in processed foods.
MSH

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genetická vazba

The co-inheritance of two or more non-allelic GENES due to their being located more or less closely on the same CHROMOSOME.
MSH

The tendency for genes or segments of DNA closely positioned along a chromosome to segregate together at meiosis, and therefore be inherited together.
NCI

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ARTIKULAZIO ERREUM ZORROTZA/BIHOTZEKI ERREUMATI. KRONIKOA

Cardiac manifestation of systemic rheumatological conditions, such as RHEUMATIC FEVER. Rheumatic heart disease can involve any part the heart, most often the HEART VALVES and the ENDOCARDIUM.
MSH

most important manifestation and sequel to rheumatic fever, consisting chiefly of heart valve deformities.
CSP

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kobalt – radioisotopy

Unstable isotopes of cobalt that decay or disintegrate emitting radiation. Co atoms with atomic weights of 54-64, except 59, are radioactive cobalt isotopes.
MSH

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fotbal americký

A competitive team sport played on a rectangular field. This is the American or Canadian version of the game and also includes the form known as rugby. It does not include non-North American football (= SOCCER).
MSH

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lipopolysacharidy

Lipid-containing polysaccharides which are endotoxins and important group-specific antigens. They are often derived from the cell wall of gram-negative bacteria and induce immunoglobulin secretion. The lipopolysaccharide molecule consists of three parts: LIPID A, core polysaccharide, and O-specific chains (O ANTIGENS). When derived from Escherichia coli, lipopolysaccharides serve as polyclonal B-cell mitogens commonly used in laboratory immunology. (From Dorland, 28th ed)
MSH

lipid-containing polysaccharides which are endotoxins and important group-specific antigens; often derived from the cell wall of gram-negative bacteria and induce immunoglobulin secretion.
CSP

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rombencefalon

The posterior of the three primitive cerebral vesicles of an embryonic brain. It consists of myelencephalon, metencephalon, and isthmus rhombencephali from which develop the major BRAIN STEM components, such as MEDULLA OBLONGATA from the myelencephalon, CEREBELLUM and PONS from the metencephalon, with the expanded cavity forming the FOURTH VENTRICLE.
MSH

part of the brain developed from the posterior of the three primary brain vesicles of the embryonic neural tube; it comprises the metencephalon (cerebellum and pons) and myelencephalon (medulla oblongata).
CSP

Organ component of neuraxis that has as its parts the pons, cerebellum and medulla oblongata . Examples: There is only one hindbrain.
FMA

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kuandu

Prehensile-tailed PORCUPINES, in the family Erethizontidae.
MSH

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receptáře nemocniční

Formularies concerned with pharmaceuticals prescribed in hospitals.
MSH

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spastická diplegie

A type of cerebral palsy characterized by spasticity and hypertonia of the lower extremities bilaterally, particularly the legs, hips, and pelvis; this is the most common (70%) form of cerebral palsy.
NCI

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Rickettsia

in the Rickettsiaceae family, a genus of gram negative, aerobic, rod shaped bacteria often surrounded by a protein microcapsular layer and slime layer; the natural cycle of its organisms generally involves a vertebrate and an invertebrate host; species of the genus are the etiological agents of human diseases, such as typhus.
CSP

A genus of gram-negative, aerobic, rod-shaped bacteria often surrounded by a protein microcapsular layer and slime layer. The natural cycle of its organisms generally involves a vertebrate and an invertebrate host. Species of the genus are the etiological agents of human diseases, such as typhus.
MSH

A genus of non-motile, Gram-negative, non-spore-forming, obligate intracellular parasitic bacteria in the phylum Proteobacteria.
NCI

Any bacteria that is not assigned to the species level but can be assigned to the Rickettsia genus level.
NCI

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colistimethate

A broad-spectrum polymyxin antibiotic against most aerobic Gram-negative bacteria except Proteus bacteria. Colistimethate is a mixture of methanesulfonate derivatives of cyclic polypeptides colistin A and B from Bacillus colistinus or B. polymyxa. Colistin functions as a surfactant which penetrates into and disrupts the bacterial cell membrane, thereby resulting in bactericidal effect.
NCI

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Francisella tularensis

species in the family Francisellaceae; the etiologic agent of tularemia.
CSP

The etiologic agent of TULAREMIA in man and other warm-blooded animals.
MSH

A species of aerobic, Gram negative, coccobacilli shaped bacterium in the phylum Proteobacteria. It has two main serotypes, Jellison Type A and Jellison Type B. This species is hemolytic, oxidase negative, catalase positive and nonfermentative. F. tularensis is pathogenic, being a causative agent of Tularemia which is mainly contracted when handling infected rabbits. This bacterium has been classified as a Category A critical biological agent due to its ease of dissemination by aerosol, causing high mortality with the potential for a major public health impact.
NCI

Any bacterial organism that can be assigned to the species Francisella tularensis.
NCI

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Nova Scotia

A province of eastern Canada, one of the Maritime Provinces with NEW BRUNSWICK; PRINCE EDWARD ISLAND; and sometimes NEWFOUNDLAND AND LABRADOR. Its capital is Halifax. The territory was granted in 1621 by James I to the Scotsman Sir William Alexander and was called Nova Scotia, the Latin for New Scotland. The territory had earlier belonged to the French, under the name of Acadia. (From Webster`s New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p871 & Room, Brewer`s Dictionary of Names, 1992, p384)
MSH

A Canadian province located on Canada`s southeastern coast. Its capital is Halifax.
NCI

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Plaats van controle

psychological concept referring to an individual`s perception of the outcome of a circumstance (locus of events) as primarily determined by one`s own behavior or by external forces, such as luck, fate or other`s behavior.
CSP

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RNA cap analogy

Analogs of RNA cap compounds which do not have a positive charge. These compounds inhibit the initiation of translation of both capped and uncapped messenger RNA.
MSH

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