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epilepsie traumatická

Recurrent seizures causally related to CRANIOCEREBRAL TRAUMA. Seizure onset may be immediate but is typically delayed for several days after the injury and may not occur for up to two years. The majority of seizures have a focal onset that correlates clinically with the site of brain injury. Cerebral cortex injuries caused by a penetrating foreign object (CRANIOCEREBRAL TRAUMA, PENETRATING) are more likely than closed head injuries (HEAD INJURIES, CLOSED) to be associated with epilepsy. Concussive convulsions are nonepileptic phenomena that occur immediately after head injury and are characterized by tonic and clonic movements. (From Rev Neurol 1998 Feb;26(150):256-261; Sports Med 1998 Feb;25(2):131-6)
MSH

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amnion

The innermost membranous sac that surrounds and protects the developing embryo which is bathed in the AMNIOTIC FLUID. Amnion cells are secretory EPITHELIAL CELLS and contribute to the amniotic fluid.
MSH

extraembryonic membrane which contains the embryo and amniotic fluid.
CSP

Thin membrane that encloses the fetus and contains amniotic fluid
CHV

The extraembryonic membrane which contains the embryo and amniotic fluid. (MeSH)
NCI

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interfáze

The interval between two successive CELL DIVISIONS during which the CHROMOSOMES are not individually distinguishable. It is composed of the G phases (G1 PHASE; G0 PHASE; G2 PHASE) and S PHASE (when DNA replication occurs).
MSH

A cell cycle process comprising the steps by which a cell progresses through interphase, the stage of cell cycle between successive rounds of chromosome segregation. Canonically, interphase is the stage of the cell cycle during which the biochemical and physiologic functions of the cell are performed and replication of chromatin occurs. [GOC:dph, GOC:mah, http://www.onelook.com]
GO

The interval between two successive cell divisions during which the chromosomes are not individually distinguishable. Interphase is considered the resting stage of the cell.
NCI

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galaktosylgalaktosylglukosylceramidasa

An enzyme that catalyzes the hydrolysis of a ceramidetrihexoside to a ceramidedihexoside plus galactose.
MSH

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krevní průtok regionální

The flow of BLOOD through or around an organ or region of the body.
MSH

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nemocnice – vybavení a zásobování

Any materials used in providing care specifically in the hospital.
MSH

expendable and nonexpendable equipment, supplies, apparatus, and instruments that are used in diagnostic, surgical, therapeutic, scientific, and experimental procedures in hospitals.
CSP

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amylasy

A group of amylolytic enzymes that cleave starch, glycogen, and related alpha-1,4-glucans. (Stedman, 25th ed) EC 3.2.1.-.
MSH

Enzyme preparations are products that are used in the histopathology laboratory for the following purposes: (1) To disaggregate tissues and cells already in established cultures for preparation into subsequent cultures (e.g., trypsin); (2) To disaggregate fluid specimens for cytological examination (e.g., papain for gastric lavage or trypsin for sputum liquefaction); (3) To aid in the selective staining of tissue specimens (e.g., diastase for glycogen determination).
SPN

An enzyme that helps the body digest starches.
NCI

Amylase is an enzyme which helps digest glycogen and starch. It is produced mainly in the pancreas and salivary glands.
NCI

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peroperační péče

Patient care procedures performed during the operation that are ancillary to the actual surgery. It includes monitoring, fluid therapy, medication, transfusion, anesthesia, radiography, and laboratory tests.
MSH

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mozkové komory – nádory

Neoplasms located in the brain ventricles, including the two lateral, the third, and the fourth ventricle. Ventricular tumors may be primary (e.g., CHOROID PLEXUS NEOPLASMS and GLIOMA, SUBEPENDYMAL), metastasize from distant organs, or occur as extensions of locally invasive tumors from adjacent brain structures.
MSH

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relaxin

A water-soluble polypeptide (molecular weight approximately 8,000) extractable from the corpus luteum of pregnancy. It produces relaxation of the pubic symphysis and dilation of the uterine cervix in certain animal species. Its role in the human pregnant female is uncertain. (Dorland, 28th ed)
MSH

peptide hormone secreted by the corpus luteum which relaxes the pubic symphysis and dilates the uterine cervix in preparation for birth.
CSP

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Erythrina

A genus of leguminous shrubs or trees, mainly tropical, yielding certain alkaloids, lectins, and other useful compounds.
MSH

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Anaplasmataceae – infekce

Infections with bacteria of the family ANAPLASMATACEAE.
MSH

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jodacetamid

An alkylating sulfhydryl reagent. Its actions are similar to those of iodoacetate.
MSH

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cervikální hlen

A slightly alkaline secretion of the endocervical glands. The consistency and amount are dependent on the physiological hormone changes in the menstrual cycle. It contains the glycoprotein mucin, amino acids, sugar, enzymes, and electrolytes, with a water content up to 90%. The mucus is a useful protection against the ascent of bacteria and sperm into the uterus. (From Dictionary of Obstetrics and Gynecology, 1988)
MSH

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represe-senzibilizace

Defense mechanisms involving approach and avoidance responses to threatening stimuli. The sensitizing process involves intellectualization in approaching or controlling the stimulus whereas repression involves unconscious denial in avoiding the stimulus.
MSH

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achalázie jícnu

A motility disorder of the ESOPHAGUS in which the LOWER ESOPHAGEAL SPHINCTER (near the CARDIA) fails to relax resulting in functional obstruction of the esophagus, and DYSPHAGIA. Achalasia is characterized by a grossly contorted and dilated esophagus (megaesophagus).
MSH

failure of normal relaxation of the lower esophageal sphincter associated with uncoordinated contractions of the thoracic esophagus, resulting in functional obstruction and difficulty swallowing.
CSP

A finding indicating the lack of adequate relaxation of the lower esophageal sphincter resulting in difficulty swallowing food.
NCI

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Irák

A country in the Middle East, bordering the Persian Gulf, between Iran and Kuwait. (NCI)
NCI

A country in the Middle East, bordering the Persian Gulf, between Iran and Kuwait. (CIA World Factbook 2002)
NCI

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chelátová terapie

therapy of heavy metal poisoning using agents which sequester the metal from organs or tissues and bind it firmly within the ring structure of a new compound which can be eliminated from the body.
CSP

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syndrom respirační tísně novorozenců

a condition of the newborn marked by dyspnea with cyanosis, heralded by such prodromal signs as dilatation of the alae nasi, expiratory grunt, and retraction of the suprasternal notch or costal margins, most frequently occurring in premature infants, children of diabetic mothers, and infants delivered by cesarean section, and sometimes with no apparent predisposing cause.
CSP

A condition of the newborn marked by dyspnea with cyanosis, most frequently occurring in premature infants, children of diabetic mothers and infants delivered by cesarean section, and sometimes with no predisposing cause.
NCI

A condition of the newborn marked by DYSPNEA with CYANOSIS, heralded by such prodromal signs as dilatation of the alae nasi, expiratory grunt, and retraction of the suprasternal notch or costal margins, mostly frequently occurring in premature infants, children of diabetic mothers, and infants delivered by cesarean section, and sometimes with no apparent predisposing cause.
MSH

A condition of the newborn marked by dyspnea with cyanosis, most frequently occurring in premature infants, children of diabetic mothers and infants delivered by cesarean section, and sometimes with no predisposing cause.
NCI

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Estradiol 17 beta-Dehydrogenase

Expressed in many peripheral tissues (high in placenta) by human HSD17B2 Gene (SDR Family), 387-aa 43-kDa Hydroxysteroid 17-Beta Dehydrogenase 2 is a potential type II membrane protein enzyme with an N-terminal type II signal-anchor motif and a C-terminal ER retention motif, likely associated with ER membranes, that uses NADH in the oxidative inactivation metabolism of testosterone and androstenedione, as well as estradiol and estrone. HSD17B2 also has 3-beta-HSD activity and 20-alpha-HSD activity toward 20-alpha-dihydroprogesterone. (NCI)
NCI

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isocitrátdehydrogenasa

An enzyme of the oxidoreductase class that catalyzes the conversion of isocitrate and NAD+ to yield 2-ketoglutarate, carbon dioxide, and NADH. It occurs in cell mitochondria. The enzyme requires Mg2+, Mn2+; it is activated by ADP, citrate, and Ca2+, and inhibited by NADH, NADPH, and ATP. The reaction is the key rate-limiting step of the citric acid (tricarboxylic) cycle. (From Dorland, 27th ed) (The NADP+ enzyme is EC 1.1.1.42.) EC 1.1.1.41.
MSH

converts isocitrate to alpha ketoglutarate.
CSP

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žvýkačka

A preparation of chicle, sometimes mixed with other plastic substances, sweetened and flavored. It is masticated usually for pleasure as a candy substitute but it sometimes acts as a vehicle for the administration of medication.
MSH

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mononukleární fagocytární systém

mononuclear phagocyte system (monocytes and macrophages) plus the vascular endothelium and the reticular and dendritic cells of lymphoid organs; whether this heterogeneous collection can still be considered a “system” is controversial.
CSP

Mononuclear cells with pronounced phagocytic ability that are distributed extensively in lymphoid and other organs. It includes MACROPHAGES and their precursors; PHAGOCYTES; KUPFFER CELLS; HISTIOCYTES; DENDRITIC CELLS; LANGERHANS CELLS; and MICROGLIA. The term mononuclear phagocyte system has replaced the former reticuloendothelial system, which also included less active phagocytic cells such as fibroblasts and endothelial cells. (From Illustrated Dictionary of Immunology, 2d ed.)
MSH

A widely distributed collection of both free and fixed macrophages derived from bone marrow precursor cells by way of monocytes; their substantial phagocytic activity is mediated by immunoglobulin and the serum complement system. In both connective and lymphoid tissue, they may occur as free and fixed macrophages; in the sinusoids of the liver, as Kupffer cells; in the lung, as alveolar macrophages; and in the nervous system, as microglia.
NCI

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ethery

organic compound having an oxygen atom bonded to two carbon atoms, general formula R-O-R`.
CSP

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isotonické roztoky

Solutions having the same osmotic pressure as blood serum, or another solution with which they are compared. (From Grant & Hackh`s Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed & Dorland, 28th ed)
MSH

A general purpose reagent is a chemical reagent that has general laboratory application, that is used to collect, prepare, and examine specimens from the human body for diagnostic histopathology, cytology, and hematology, and that is not labeled or otherwise intended for a specific diagnostic application. General purpose reagents include cytological preservatives, decalcifying reagents, fixatives and adhesives, tissue processing reagents, isotonic solutions, and pH buffers.
SPN

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dětské reaktivní poruchy

Reactions to an event or set of events which are considered to be of pathological degree, that have not developed into a neurosis, psychosis, or personality disorder with fixed patterns.
MSH

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retrognacie

Retrusion of the mandible. (Dorland, 27th ed)
MSH

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ethoxzolamid

A carbonic anhydrase inhibitor used as diuretic and in glaucoma. It may cause hypokalemia.
MSH

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jejunoileální bypass

A procedure consisting of the SURGICAL ANASTOMOSIS of the proximal part of the JEJUNUM to the distal portion of the ILEUM, so as to bypass the nutrient-absorptive segment of the SMALL INTESTINE. Due to the severe malnutrition and life-threatening metabolic complications, this method is no longer used to treat MORBID OBESITY.
MSH

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chlorambucil

A nitrogen mustard alkylating agent used as antineoplastic for chronic lymphocytic leukemia, Hodgkin`s disease, and others. Although it is less toxic than most other nitrogen mustards, it has been listed as a known carcinogen in the Fourth Annual Report on Carcinogens (NTP 85-002, 1985). (Merck Index, 11th ed)
MSH

nitrogen mustard alkylating agent used as antineoplastic for chronic lymphocytic leukemia, Hodgkin`s disease, and others; may be a carcinogen.
CSP

A drug used to treat several types of leukemias and lymphomas. It blocks cell growth by damaging the cell`s DNA and may kill cancer cells. It is a type of alkylating agent.
NCI

An orally-active antineoplastic aromatic nitrogen mustard. Chlorambucil alkylates and cross-links DNA during all phases of the cell cycle, resulting in disruption of DNA function, cell cycle arrest, and apoptosis. Check for “http://www.cancer.gov/Search/ClinicalTrialsLink.aspx?id=43113&idtype=1″ active clinical trials or “http://www.cancer.gov/Search/ClinicalTrialsLink.aspx?id=43113&idtype=1&closed=1″ closed clinical trials using this agent. (“http://nciterms.nci.nih.gov:80/NCIBrowser/ConceptReport.jsp?dictionary=NCI_Thesaurus&code=C362″ NCI Thesaurus)
PDQ

An orally-active antineoplastic aromatic nitrogen mustard. Chlorambucil alkylates and cross-links DNA during all phases of the cell cycle, resulting in disruption of DNA function, cell cycle arrest, and apoptosis. (NCI04)
NCI

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