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prvky radioaktivní

Elements which exhibit atomic emission due to natural or artificial nuclear transformation. These elements spontaneously undergo radioactive decay.
MSH

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etorfin

A narcotic analgesic morphinan used as a sedative in veterinary practice.
MSH

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domácí zvířata

Animals kept by humans for companionship and enjoyment, as opposed to DOMESTIC ANIMALS such as livestock or farm animals, which are kept for economic reasons.
MSH

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popálení inhalací

Burns of the respiratory tract caused by heat or inhaled chemicals.
MSH

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kanamycin – rezistence

Nonsusceptibility of bacteria to the antibiotic KANAMYCIN, which can bind to their 70S ribosomes and cause misreading of messenger RNA.
MSH

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status asthmaticus

A sudden intense and continuous aggravation of a state of asthma, marked by dyspnea to the point of exhaustion and collapse and not responding to the usual therapeutic efforts.
MSH

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komunikační systémy urgentních lékařských služeb

The use of communication systems, such as telecommunication, to transmit emergency information to appropriate providers of health services.
MSH

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námahový test

Controlled physical activity, more strenuous than at rest, which is performed in order to allow assessment of physiological functions, particularly cardiovascular and pulmonary, but also aerobic capacity. Maximal (most intense) exercise is usually required but submaximal exercise is also used. The intensity of exercise is often graded, using criteria such as rate of work done, oxygen consumption, and heart rate.
MSH

A recording of cardiac electrical activity during stress or exercise.
NCI

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faryngitida

Inflammation of the throat (PHARYNX).
MSH

inflammation of the throat.
CSP

A disorder characterized by inflammation of the throat.
NCI

Inflammation of the throat most often caused by viral and bacterial infections. Other causes include allergens, chemical substances, and trauma.
NCI

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CA-125 Antigen

Carbohydrate antigen most commonly seen in tumors of the ovary and occasionally seen in breast, kidney, and gastrointestinal tract tumors and normal tissue. CA 125 is clearly tumor-associated but not tumor-specific.
MSH

carbohydrate antigen commonly seen in ovarian tumors
CHV

A substance that may be found in high amounts in the blood of patients with certain types of cancer, including ovarian cancer. CA-125 levels may also help monitor how well cancer treatments are working or if cancer has come back.
NCI

An antigen expressed by tissues derived from mullerian epithelium (tubal, endometrial and endocervical) or celomic epithelium (mesothelial cells of the pleura, pericardium and peritoneum). Although its biochemical nature has not been clearly defined, CA125 has been described as a glycosylated, high-molecular-weight protein that may be released from damaged cells. Measurable in plasma, CA125 is a sensitive, nonspecific tumor marker for ovarian cancer; as such it is much more useful for monitoring clinical responses to the treatment of ovarian cancer than for the diagnosis of ovarian cancer. Elevated plasma CA125 may occur in association with other malignancies and non-malignant gynecologic disorders. (NCI04)
NCI

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keratolytika

Agents that soften, separate, and cause desquamation of the cornified epithelium or horny layer of skin. They are used to expose mycelia of infecting fungi or to treat corns, warts, and certain other skin diseases.
MSH

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steroidy

A group of polycyclic compounds closely related biochemically to TERPENES. They include cholesterol, numerous hormones, precursors of certain vitamins, bile acids, alcohols (STEROLS), and certain natural drugs and poisons. Steroids have a common nucleus, a fused, reduced 17-carbon atom ring system, cyclopentanoperhydrophenanthrene. Most steroids also have two methyl groups and an aliphatic side-chain attached to the nucleus. (From Hawley`s Condensed Chemical Dictionary, 11th ed)
MSH

compounds that contain a hydrogenated cyclopentanoperhydrophenanthrene ring system; they include cholesterol, numerous hormones, precursors of certain vitamins, bile acids, alcohols, and certain natural drugs and poisons.
CSP

Any of a group of lipids (fats) that have a certain chemical structure. Steroids occur naturally in plants and animals or they may be made in the laboratory. Examples of steroids include sex hormones, cholesterol, bile acids, and some drugs.
NCI

You may have heard about anabolic steroids, which can have harmful effects. But there`s another type of steroid – sometimes called a corticosteroid – that treats a variety of problems. These steroids are similar to hormones that your adrenal glands produce to fight stress associated with illnesses and injuries. They reduce inflammation and affect the immune system.

You may need to take corticosteroids to treat

  • Arthritis
  • Asthma
  • Autoimmune diseases such as lupus and multiple sclerosis
  • Skin conditions such as eczema and rashes
  • Some kinds of cancer

Steroids are strong medicines, and they can have side effects, including weakened bones and cataracts. Because of this, you usually take them for as short a period as possible.


MEDLINEPLUS

Compounds possessing the skeleton of cyclopenta[a]phenanthrene or a skeleton derived therefrom by one or more bond scissions or ring expansions or contractions. Methyl groups are normally present at C-10 and C-13. An alkyl side chain may also be present at C-17. They include cholesterol, numerous hormones, precursors of certain vitamins, bile acids, alcohols (STEROLS), and certain natural drugs and poisons.
NCI

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encefalitida

Inflammation of the BRAIN due to infection, autoimmune processes, toxins, and other conditions. Viral infections (see ENCEPHALITIS, VIRAL) are a relatively frequent cause of this condition.
MSH

inflammation of the brain due to infection, autoimmune processes, toxins, and other conditions; viral infections are a relatively frequent cause of this condition.
CSP

Encephalitis is an inflammation of the brain. The usual cause is a viral infection, but bacteria can also cause it. Cases can range from mild to severe. For mild cases, you could have flu-like symptoms. Serious cases can cause

  • Severe headache
  • Sudden fever
  • Drowsiness
  • Vomiting
  • Confusion
  • Seizures

For mild cases, you may just need rest, plenty of fluids and a pain reliever. For severe cases, you might need to be hospitalized. Fortunately, encephalitis is uncommon in the United States.

NIH: National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke


MEDLINEPLUS

An acute inflammatory process affecting the brain parenchyma. Causes include viral infections and less frequently bacterial infections, toxins, and immune-mediated processes.
NCI

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mimotělní oběh

Diversion of blood flow through a circuit located outside the body but continuous with the bodily circulation.
MSH

diversion of blood flow through a circuit located outside the body but continuous with the bodily circulation; do not confuse with PERFUSION; for mechanical oxygenation of the blood that is frequently used in conjunction with extracorporeal circulation use BLOOD OXYGENATOR.
CSP

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fenylethery

Ethers that are linked to a benzene ring structure.
MSH

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fluorid vápenatý

Calcium fluoride. Occurring in nature as the mineral fluorite or fluorspar. It is the primary source of fluorine and its compounds. Pure calcium fluoride is used as a catalyst in dehydration and dehydrogenation and is used to fluoridate drinking water. (From Merck Index, 11th ed)
MSH

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ledviny – nekróza kůry

Death of cells in the KIDNEY CORTEX, a common final result of various renal injuries including HYPOXIA; ISCHEMIA; and drug toxicity.
MSH

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drogy prodávané na ulici

Drugs obtained and often manufactured illegally for the subjective effects they are said to produce. They are often distributed in urban areas, but are also available in suburban and rural areas, and tend to be grossly impure and may cause unexpected toxicity.
MSH

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endokardiální fibroelastóza

A condition characterized by the thickening of ENDOCARDIUM due to proliferation of fibrous and elastic tissue, usually in the left ventricle leading to impaired cardiac function (CARDIOMYOPATHY, RESTRICTIVE). It is most commonly seen in young children and rarely in adults. It is often associated with congenital heart anomalies (HEART DEFECTS CONGENITAL;) INFECTION; or gene mutation. Defects in the tafazzin protein, encoded by TAZ gene, result in a form of autosomal dominant familial endocardial fibroelastosis.
MSH

condition characterized by hypertrophy of the wall of the left ventricle and conversion of the endocardium into a thick fibroelastic coat, with the capacity of the ventricle sometimes reduced, but often increased.
CSP

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oči – pohyby

Voluntary or reflex-controlled movements of the eye.
MSH

voluntary or reflex-controlled motion of the eye.
CSP

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filologie klasická

The study of ancient Greek and Roman literature, including grammar, etymology, criticism, literary history, and language and linguistic history.
MSH

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energie – příjem

amount of food energy consumed in the diet.
CSP

Total number of calories taken in daily whether ingested or by parenteral routes.
MSH

Refers to the number of calories (energy content) consumed.
NCI

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kininy

A generic term used to describe a group of polypeptides with related chemical structures and pharmacological properties that are widely distributed in nature. These peptides are AUTACOIDS that act locally to produce pain, vasodilatation, increased vascular permeability, and the synthesis of prostaglandins. Thus, they comprise a subset of the large number of mediators that contribute to the inflammatory response. (From Goodman and Gilman`s The Pharmacologic Basis of Therapeutics, 8th ed, p588)
MSH

any of a group of endogenous peptides which cause vasodilation and other changes associated with hypotension.
CSP

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Stridor

A symptom resulting from laryngeal obstruction. It is characterized by a high pitched breathing sound.
NCI

A disorder characterized by a high pitched breathing sound due to laryngeal or upper airway obstruction.
NCI

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endoskopie

Procedures of applying ENDOSCOPES for disease diagnosis and treatment. Endoscopy involves passing an optical instrument through a small incision in the skin i.e., percutaneous; or through a natural orifice and along natural body pathways such as the digestive tract; and/or through an incision in the wall of a tubular structure or organ, i.e. transluminal, to examine or perform surgery on the interior parts of the body.
MSH

use of instruments for visual examination of interior structures of the body; there are rigid endoscopes and flexible fiberoptic endoscopes for various types of viewing for disease diagnosis and treatment; involves passing an optical instrument along either natural body pathways such as the digestive tract, or through keyhole incisions to examine the interior parts of the body; with advances in imaging, endoscopes, and miniaturization of endosurgical equipment, surgery can be performed during endoscopy.
CSP

A procedure that uses an endoscope to examine the inside of the body. An endoscope is a thin, tube-like instrument with a light and a lens for viewing. It may also have a tool to remove tissue to be checked under a microscope for signs of disease.
NCI

Endoscopy is a procedure that lets your doctor look inside your body. It uses an instrument called an endoscope, or scope for short. Scopes have a tiny camera attached to a long, thin tube. The doctor moves it through a body passageway or opening to see inside an organ. Sometimes scopes are used for surgery, such as for removing polyps from the colon.

There are many different kinds of endoscopy. Here are the names of some of them and where they look.

  • Arthroscopy: joints
  • Bronchoscopy: lungs
  • Colonoscopy and sigmoidoscopy: large intestine
  • Cystoscopy and ureteroscopy: urinary system
  • Laparoscopy: abdomen or pelvis
  • Upper gastrointestinal endoscopy: esophagus and stomach


MEDLINEPLUS

An examination of the body using an endoscope.
NCI

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faktor VII

Heat- and storage-stable plasma protein that is activated by tissue thromboplastin to form factor VIIa in the extrinsic pathway of blood coagulation. The activated form then catalyzes the activation of factor X to factor Xa.
MSH

A clotting factor found in the serum. It combines with tissue factor (factor III) to activate factor X in the clotting pathway.
NCI

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kyseliny fosfatidové

Fatty acid derivatives of glycerophosphates. They are composed of glycerol bound in ester linkage with 1 mole of phosphoric acid at the terminal 3-hydroxyl group and with 2 moles of fatty acids at the other two hydroxyl groups.
MSH

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cukrovinky

Sweet food products combining cane or beet sugars with other carbohydrates and chocolate, milk, eggs, and various flavorings. In the United States, candy refers to both sugar- and cocoa-based confections and is differentiated from sweetened baked goods; elsewhere the terms sugar confectionary, chocolate confectionary, and flour confectionary (meaning goods such as cakes and pastries) are used.
MSH

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Kuvajt

A country in the Middle East, bordering the Persian Gulf, between Iraq and Saudi Arabia. (NCI)
NCI

A country in the Middle East, bordering the Persian Gulf, between Iraq and Saudi Arabia. (CIA World Factbook 2002)
NCI

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subakutní sklerozující panencefalitida

A rare, slowly progressive encephalitis caused by chronic infection with the MEASLES VIRUS. The condition occurs primarily in children and young adults, approximately 2-8 years after the initial infection. A gradual decline in intellectual abilities and behavioral alterations are followed by progressive MYOCLONUS; MUSCLE SPASTICITY; SEIZURES; DEMENTIA; autonomic dysfunction; and ATAXIA. DEATH usually occurs 1-3 years after disease onset. Pathologic features include perivascular cuffing, eosinophilic cytoplasmic inclusions, neurophagia, and fibrous gliosis. It is caused by the SSPE virus, which is a defective variant of MEASLES VIRUS. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp767-8)
MSH

rare chronic progressive encephalitis caused by the measles virus and occurring primarily in children and young adults; death usually occurs within three years; characterized by primary measles infection before the age of two years.
CSP

A rare, slowly progressive post-infectious neurological disorder affecting the central nervous system. It is characterized by seizures, ataxia, myoclonus, personality changes, spasticity, and coma. The symptoms appear several years following measles infection at an early age.
NCI

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