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lepra

A chronic granulomatous infection caused by MYCOBACTERIUM LEPRAE. The granulomatous lesions are manifested in the skin, the mucous membranes, and the peripheral nerves. Two polar or principal types are lepromatous and tuberculoid.
MSH

chronic granulomatous infection caused by Mycobacterium leprae; granulomatous lesions are manifested in the skin, the mucous membranes, and the peripheral nerves; two polar or principal types are lepromatous and tuberculoid.
CSP

A bacterial granulomatous infection caused by Mycobacterium leprae. It is a progressive disease affecting the skin, peripheral nerves, and limbs. If untreated, it causes permanent tissue damage leading to autoamputations.
NCI

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plazmidy

double-strand, closed DNA molecules found in cytoplasm of a variety of bacterial species that generally confer some evolutionary advantage to the host cells.
CSP

Extrachromosomal, usually CIRCULAR DNA molecules that are self-replicating and transferable from one organism to another. They are found in a variety of bacterial, archaeal, fungal, algal, and plant species. They are used in GENETIC ENGINEERING as CLONING VECTORS.
MSH

A small cellular inclusion consisting of a ring of DNA that is not in a chromosome but is capable of autonomous replication.
NCI

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First Birth Intervals

The time lapsed between marriage and first birth.
MSH

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přímé náklady na služby

Costs which are directly identifiable with a particular service.
MSH

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synoviální membrána

The inner membrane of a joint capsule surrounding a freely movable joint. It is loosely attached to the external fibrous capsule and secretes SYNOVIAL FLUID.
MSH

inner membrane of a joint capsule surrounding a freely movable joint; is loosely attached to the external fibrous capsule and secretes synovial fluid.
CSP

A layer of connective tissue that lines the cavities of joints, tendon sheaths, and bursae (fluid-filled sacs between tendons and bones). The synovial membrane makes synovial fluid, which has a lubricating function.
NCI

The inner layer of the connective tissue that seals the joint.
NCI

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beta-MSH

An 18-amino acid peptide that is the C-terminal fragment of gamma-lipotropin which is the N-terminal fragment of BETA-LIPOTROPIN. Beta-MSH is shown to regulate skin pigmentation, steroid production, and feeding.
MSH

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leukémie s vlasatými buňkami

A neoplastic disease of the lymphoreticular cells which is considered to be a rare type of chronic leukemia; it is characterized by an insidious onset, splenomegaly, anemia, granulocytopenia, thrombocytopenia, little or no lymphadenopathy, and the presence of “hairy” or “flagellated” cells in the blood and bone marrow.
MSH

neoplastic disease of the lymphoreticular cells which is considered to be a rare type of chronic leukemia; it is characterized by an insidious onset, splenomegaly, anemia, granulocytopenia, thrombocytopenia, little or no lymphadenopathy, and the presence of hairy or flagellated cells in the blood and bone marrow.
CSP

A rare type of leukemia in which abnormal B-lymphocytes (a type of white blood cell) are present in the bone marrow, spleen, and peripheral blood. When viewed under a microscope, these cells appear to be covered with tiny hair-like projections.
NCI

A rare neoplasm of small B-lymphocytes with “hairy” projections in bone marrow, spleen, and peripheral blood. Most patients are middle-aged to elderly adults and present with splenomegaly and pancytopenia. (WHO, 2001)
NCI

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platybazie

A developmental deformity of the occipital bone and upper end of the cervical spine, in which the latter appears to have pushed the floor of the occipital bone upward. (Dorland, 27th ed)
MSH

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testy blikajícího světla

The point or frequency at which all flicker of an intermittent light stimulus disappears.
MSH

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vybavení k jednorázovému použití

Apparatus, devices, or supplies intended for one-time or temporary use.
MSH

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sinusová tachykardie

Simple rapid heartbeats caused by rapid discharge of impulses from the SINOATRIAL NODE, usually between 100 and 180 beats/min in adults. It is characterized by a gradual onset and termination. Sinus tachycardia is common in infants, young children, and adults during strenuous physical activities.
MSH

A heart rate of more than 100 beats per minute, with its origin in the sinus node. (NCI)
NCI

A disorder characterized by a dysrhythmia with a heart rate greater than 100 beats per minute that originates in the sinus node.
NCI

A heart rate of more than 100 beats per minute, with its origin in the sinus node.
NCI

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žlučové kanálky

Minute intercellular channels that occur between liver cells and carry bile towards interlobar bile ducts. Also called bile capillaries.
MSH

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leukocyty

White blood cells. These include granular leukocytes (BASOPHILS; EOSINOPHILS; and NEUTROPHILS) as well as non-granular leukocytes (LYMPHOCYTES and MONOCYTES).
MSH

white blood cell, specifically a colorless cell with a nucleus, found in blood and lymph; leukocytes are capable of amoeboid movement; they can produce antibodies and move through the walls of vessels to migrate to sites of injury, where they isolate and destroy dead tissue, foreign protein and bacteria.
CSP

A type of immune cell. Most leukocytes are made in the bone marrow and are found in the blood and lymph tissue. Leukocytes help the body fight infections and other diseases. Granulocytes, monocytes, and lymphocytes are leukocytes.
NCI

Blood cells that are devoid of hemoglobin, capable of ameboid motion and phagocytosis, and act as the principal components of the immune system.
NCI

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pneumonie aspirační

A type of lung inflammation resulting from the aspiration of food, liquid, or gastric contents into the upper RESPIRATORY TRACT.
MSH

Pneumonia secondary to aspiration of liquids and gastric contents into the lungs.
NCI

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fluorescence

The property of emitting radiation while being irradiated. The radiation emitted is usually of longer wavelength than that incident or absorbed, e.g., a substance can be irradiated with invisible radiation and emit visible light. X-ray fluorescence is used in diagnosis.
MSH

absorption of a photon of light followed, after a delay, by emission of a photon of longer wavelength.
CSP

Fluorescence is a luminescence (i.e., optical phenomenon) in cold bodies, in which a molecule absorbs a high-energy photon, and re-emits it as a lower-energy (longer-wavelength) photon. The energy difference between the absorbed and emitted photons ends up as molecular vibrations (heat).
NCI

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rozvod

Legal dissolution of an officially recognized marriage relationship.
MSH

Divorce is the legal breakup of a marriage. Almost half of all U.S. marriages end in divorce. Like every major life change, divorce is stressful. It affects finances, living arrangements, household jobs, schedules and more. If the family includes children, they may be deeply affected.


MEDLINEPLUS

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chuť

The ability to detect chemicals through gustatory receptors in the mouth, including those on the TONGUE; the PALATE; the PHARYNX; and the EPIGLOTTIS.
MSH

sense effected by the gustatory receptors in the tongue; primarily sweet, sour, salty and bitter.
CSP

OBSOLETE. The series of events required for the chemical composition of a soluble stimulus to be received and converted to a molecular signal. [GOC:jl, ISBN:0395825172]
GO

The series of events required for an organism to receive a gustatory stimulus, convert it to a molecular signal, and recognize and characterize the signal. Gustation involves the direct detection of chemical composition, usually through contact with chemoreceptor cells. This is a neurological process. [GOC:ai, http://www.onelook.com/]
GO

The faculty of taste, distinguishing substances by means of the taste buds.
NCI

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bioetika

A branch of applied ethics that studies the value implications of practices and developments in life sciences, medicine, and health care.
MSH

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knihovny

Collections of systematically acquired and organized information resources, and usually providing assistance to users. (ERIC Thesaurus, http://www.eric.ed.gov/ accessed 2/1/2008)
MSH

collections of organized information for study and reference.
CSP

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polarografie

An electrochemical technique for measuring the current that flows in solution as a function of an applied voltage. The observed polarographic wave, resulting from the electrochemical response, depends on the way voltage is applied (linear sweep or differential pulse) and the type of electrode used. Usually a mercury drop electrode is used.
MSH

electroanalytic technique in which the current through an electrolysis cell is measured as a function of the applied potential.
CSP

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flutamid

An antiandrogen with about the same potency as cyproterone in rodent and canine species.
MSH

An anticancer drug that is a type of antiandrogen.
NCI

A toluidine derivative and nonsteroidal antiandrogen that is structurally related to bicalutamide and nilutamide. Flutamide and its more potent active metabolite 2-hydroxyflutamide competitively block dihydrotestosterone binding at androgen receptors, forming inactive complexes which cannot translocate into the cell nucleus. Formation of inactive receptors inhibits androgen-dependent DNA and protein synthesis, resulting in tumor cell growth arrest or transient tumor regression. Check for “http://www.cancer.gov/Search/ClinicalTrialsLink.aspx?id=39811&idtype=1″ active clinical trials or “http://www.cancer.gov/Search/ClinicalTrialsLink.aspx?id=39811&idtype=1&closed=1″ closed clinical trials using this agent. (“http://nciterms.nci.nih.gov:80/NCIBrowser/ConceptReport.jsp?dictionary=NCI_Thesaurus&code=C509″ NCI Thesaurus)
PDQ

A toluidine derivative and a nonsteroidal antiandrogen that is structurally related to bicalutamide and nilutamide. Flutamide and its more potent active metabolite 2-hydroxyflutamide competitively block dihydrotestosterone binding at androgen receptors, forming inactive complexes which cannot translocate into the cell nucleus. Formation of inactive receptors inhibits androgen-dependent DNA and protein synthesis, resulting in tumor cell growth arrest or transient tumor regression. (NCI04)
NCI

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DNA fungální

Deoxyribonucleic acid that makes up the genetic material of fungi.
MSH

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membrana tectoria

A membrane, attached to the bony SPIRAL LAMINA, overlying and coupling with the hair cells of the ORGAN OF CORTI in the inner ear. It is a glycoprotein-rich keratin-like layer containing fibrils embedded in a dense amorphous substance.
MSH

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biorytmy

time structure of biological phenomena.
CSP

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ligamenta

Shiny, flexible bands of fibrous tissue connecting together articular extremities of bones. They are pliant, tough, and inextensile.
MSH

band of tissue that connects bones or supports viscera; some are distinct fibrous structures, some are folds of fascia or of indurated peritoneum.
CSP

Band of fibrous tissue connecting bone to bone or cartilage to bone thereby supporting or strengthening a joint. (NCI)
NCI

Band of fibrous tissue connecting bone to bone or cartilage to bone thereby supporting or strengthening a joint.
NCI

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polycyklické sloučeniny

Compounds consisting of two or more fused ring structures.
MSH

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otrava potravou

any of several acute conditions ranging from mild to life-threatening that result from eating food containing toxins or pathogenic microorganisms.
CSP

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nucleus hypothalamicus dorsomedialis

An aggregation of cells in the middle hypothalamus dorsal to the ventromedial nucleus and bordering the third ventricle.
MSH

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šlachy

Fibrous bands or cords of CONNECTIVE TISSUE at the ends of SKELETAL MUSCLE FIBERS that serve to attach the MUSCLES to bones and other structures.
MSH

fibrous cord by which a muscle is attached.
CSP

Tough, fibrous, cord-like tissue that connects muscle to bone or another structure, such as an eyeball. Tendons help the bone or structure to move.
NCI

A band of fibrous connective tissue that joins bone to muscle.
NCI

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vizmut

A metallic element that has the atomic symbol Bi, atomic number 83 and atomic weight 208.98.
MSH

metallic element with atomic symbol Bi, atomic number 83 and atomic weight 208.98; its salts have astringent, antacid and mildly germicidal properties.
CSP

An element with atomic symbol Bi, atomic number 83, and atomic weight 208.98.
NCI

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