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chromogenní sloučeniny

Colorless, endogenous or exogenous pigment precursors that may be transformed by biological mechanisms into colored compounds; used in biochemical assays and in diagnosis as indicators, especially in the form of enzyme substrates. Synonym: chromogens (not to be confused with pigment-synthesizing bacteria also called chromogens).
MSH

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labetalol

A salicylamide derivative that is a non-cardioselective blocker of BETA-ADRENERGIC RECEPTORS and ALPHA-1 ADRENERGIC RECEPTORS.
MSH

A third generation selective alpha-1-adrenergic antagonist and non-selective beta-adrenergic antagonist with vasodilatory and antihypertensive properties. Labetalol competitively binds to alpha-1-adrenergic receptors in vascular smooth muscle, thereby inhibiting the adrenergic stimulation of endothelial cell function and vasoconstriction in peripheral blood vessels. This agent also binds to beta-receptors in the bronchial and vascular smooth muscle, resulting in a decrease in adrenergic stimulation. The result is a decrease in resting and exercise heart rates, cardiac output, and in both systolic and diastolic blood pressure, thereby resulting in vasodilation, and negative chronotropic and inotropic cardiac effects.
NCI

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obsedantně kompulzivní porucha

An anxiety disorder characterized by recurrent, persistent obsessions or compulsions. Obsessions are the intrusive ideas, thoughts, or images that are experienced as senseless or repugnant. Compulsions are repetitive and seemingly purposeful behavior which the individual generally recognizes as senseless and from which the individual does not derive pleasure although it may provide a release from tension.
MSH

anxiety disorder characterized by recurrent, persistent obsessions or compulsions: obsessions are the intrusive ideas, thoughts, or images that are experienced as senseless or repugnant; compulsions are repetitive and seemingly purposeful behavior which the individual generally recognizes as senseless and from which the individual does not derive pleasure although it may provide a release from tension.
CSP

Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is a type of anxiety disorder. If you have OCD, you have repeated, upsetting thoughts called obsessions. You do the same thing over and over again to try to make the thoughts go away. Those repeated actions are called compulsions.

Examples of obsessions are a fear of germs or a fear of being hurt. Compulsions include washing your hands, counting, checking on things or cleaning. Untreated, OCD can take over your life.

Researchers think brain circuits may not work properly in people who have OCD. It tends to run in families. The symptoms often begin in children or teens. Treatments that combine medicines and therapy are often effective.

NIH: National Institute of Mental Health


MEDLINEPLUS

A disorder characterized by the presence of persistent and recurrent irrational thoughts (obsessions), resulting in marked anxiety and repetitive excessive behaviors (compulsions) as a way to try to decrease that anxiety.
NCI

An anxiety disorder in which a person has intrusive ideas, thoughts, or images that occur repeatedly, and in which he or she feels driven to perform certain behaviors over and over again. For example, a person may worry all the time about germs and so will wash his or her hands over and over again. Having an obsessive-compulsive disorder may cause a person to have trouble carrying out daily activities.
NCI

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Dálný východ

A geographic area of east and southeast Asia encompassing CHINA; HONG KONG; JAPAN; KOREA; MACAO; MONGOLIA; and TAIWAN.
MSH

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Traumatic Rupture

tear in organ or tissue
CHV

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chromozómy lidské, pár 19

A specific pair of GROUP F CHROMOSOMES of the human chromosome classification.
MSH

The designation for each member of the nineteenth largest human autosomal chromosome pair. Chromosome 19 spans more than 63 million base pairs and represents between 2 and 2.5% of the total DNA in normal diploid cells.
NCI

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laktace

The processes of milk secretion by the maternal MAMMARY GLANDS after PARTURITION. The proliferation of the mammary glandular tissue, milk synthesis, and milk expulsion or let down are regulated by the interactions of several hormones including ESTRADIOL; PROGESTERONE; PROLACTIN; and OXYTOCIN.
MSH

production and secretion of milk by the mammary glands.
CSP

The secretion of milk by the mammary gland. [ISBN:0198506732 “Oxford Dictionary of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology”]
GO

production and secretion of milk from milk producing cell
CHV

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oči – fyziologické jevy

Processes and properties of the EYE as a whole or of any of its parts.
MSH

The science concerned with the normal processes of sight.
NCI

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alkoholy mastné

Usually high-molecular-weight, straight-chain primary alcohols, but can also range from as few as 4 carbons, derived from natural fats and oils, including lauryl, stearyl, oleyl, and linoleyl alcohols. They are used in pharmaceuticals, cosmetics, detergents, plastics, and lube oils and in textile manufacture. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 5th ed)
MSH

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Saint Vincent and the Grenadines

A self-governing state of the Windward Islands in the West Indies, comprising Saint Vincent and the northern islets of the Grenadines. Its capital is Kingstown. It is one of the original homes of the Carib Indians supposed to have been sighted by Columbus in 1498. It was in English hands from 1627 till held by the French 1779-83. Saint Vincent subsequently became a British possession and, with other nearby British territories, was administered by the Governor of the Windward Islands till 1959. It attained a measure of independence in 1969 but achieved full independence as Saint Vincent and the Grenadines in 1979. Saint Vincent was the 4th century Spanish martyr on whose feast day Columbus discovered the island. Grenadines is derived from the Spanish kingdom of Granada. (From Webster`s New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p1054 & The Europa World Year Book 1993, p2441)
MSH

A country in the Caribbean, comprised of islands in the Caribbean Sea, north of Trinidad and Tobago. (NCI)
NCI

A country in the Caribbean, comprised of islands in the Caribbean Sea, north of Trinidad and Tobago. (CIA World Factbook 2002)
NCI

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cilastatin

A renal dehydropeptidase-I and leukotriene D4 dipeptidase inhibitor. Since the antibiotic, IMIPENEM, is hydrolyzed by dehydropeptidase-I, which resides in the brush border of the renal tubule, cilastatin is administered with imipenem to increase its effectiveness. The drug also inhibits the metabolism of leukotriene D4 to leukotriene E4.
MSH

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jazykové poruchy

Conditions characterized by deficiencies of comprehension or expression of written and spoken forms of language. These include acquired and developmental disorders.
MSH

conditions characterized by deficiencies of comprehension or expression of written and spoken forms of language; includes acquired and developmental disorders.
CSP

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kyselina oleanolová

A pentacyclic triterpene that occurs widely in many PLANTS as the free acid or the aglycone for many SAPONINS. It is biosynthesized from lupane. It can rearrange to the isomer, ursolic acid, or be oxidized to taraxasterol and amyrin.
MSH

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nervus femoralis

A nerve originating in the lumbar spinal cord (usually L2 to L4) and traveling through the lumbar plexus to provide motor innervation to extensors of the thigh and sensory innervation to parts of the thigh, lower leg, and foot, and to the hip and knee joints.
MSH

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Salmonella paratyphi A

A serotype of SALMONELLA ENTERICA that causes mild PARATYPHOID FEVER in humans.
MSH

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Citrus

A plant genus of the family RUTACEAE. They bear the familiar citrus fruits including oranges, grapefruit, lemons, and limes. There are many hybrids which makes the nomenclature confusing.
MSH

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virus Lassa

etiologic agent of Lassa fever; common infective agent in humans in West Africa.
CSP

A species of ARENAVIRUS, part of the Old World Arenaviruses (ARENAVIRUSES, OLD WORLD), and the etiologic agent of LASSA FEVER. LASSA VIRUS is a common infective agent in humans in West Africa. Its natural host is the multimammate mouse Mastomys natalensis.
MSH

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onkogenní protein p21(ras)

Transforming protein encoded by ras oncogenes. Point mutations in the cellular ras gene (c-ras) can also result in a mutant p21 protein that can transform mammalian cells. Oncogene protein p21(ras) has been directly implicated in human neoplasms, perhaps accounting for as much as 15-20% of all human tumors. This enzyme was formerly listed as EC 3.6.1.47.
MSH

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fertilizující látky ženské

Compounds which increase the capacity to conceive in females.
MSH

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sarkomery

The repeating contractile units of the MYOFIBRIL, delimited by Z bands along its length.
MSH

contractile unit of myofibrils; sarcomeres are repeating units, delimited by the Z bands along the length of the myofibril.
CSP

The repeating unit of a myofibril in a muscle cell, composed of an array of overlapping thick and thin filaments between two adjacent Z discs. [ISBN:0815316194]
GO

The basic unit of contractility in a muscle fiber.
NCI

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klinické ošetřovatelství – výzkum

Research carried out by nurses in the clinical setting and designed to provide information that will help improve patient care. Other professional staff may also participate in the research.
MSH

Professional nursing care provided in a research environment. Including management of clinical trials, direct patient care, and research assistance.
NCI

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lecitinacyltransferasa – nedostatek

An autosomal recessively inherited disorder caused by mutation of LECITHIN CHOLESTEROL ACYLTRANSFERASE that facilitates the esterification of lipoprotein cholesterol and subsequent removal from peripheral tissues to the liver. This defect results in low HDL-cholesterol level in blood and accumulation of free cholesterol in tissue leading to a triad of CORNEAL OPACITY, hemolytic anemia (ANEMIA, HEMOLYTIC), and PROTEINURIA.
MSH

disease characterized by abnormally low levels of plasma lecithin cholesterol acyl transferase; clinical manifestations include corneal opacity, anemia, and proteinuria.
CSP

A disorder of lipoprotein metabolism caused by mutations in the LCAT gene. It is characterized by deficiency of the enzyme lecithin cholesterol acyltransferase. It is manifested with corneal opacity, hemolytic anemia, and proteinuria.
NCI

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oční roztoky

Sterile solutions, essentially free from foreign particles and suitably compounded and dispensed, for instillation into the eye. It does not include solutions for cleaning eyeglasses or CONTACT LENS SOLUTIONS. (From Dorland, 27th ed)
MSH

A sterile solution containing a particular pharmaceutical agent administered to the external eye, usually in the form of droplets. An ophthalmic solution may contain different drugs with different mechanisms of actions, to target symptoms and their underlying cause. Classes of pharmacological agents used include antibiotics, beta-adrenergic agents, antihistamines, corticosteroids and prostanoids. The ophthalmic solution can be used to treat increased intraocular pressure, symptoms of allergic conjunctivitis, and ocular bacterial infections.
NCI

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SUKARRA

Fever: a documented body temperature higher than 38 degrees C., or 100.4 degrees F.
AIR

An abnormal elevation of body temperature, usually as a result of a pathologic process.
MSH

abnormal elevation of body temperature, usually as a result of a pathologic process.
CSP

A fever is a body temperature that is higher than normal. It is not an illness. It is part of your body`s defense against infection. Most bacteria and viruses that cause infections do well at the body`s normal temperature (98.6 F). A slight fever can make it harder for them to survive. Fever also activates your body`s immune system.

Infections cause most fevers. There can be many other causes, including

  • Medicines
  • Heat exhaustion
  • Cancers
  • Autoimmune diseases

Treatment depends on the cause of your fever. Your health care provider may recommend using over-the-counter medicines such as acetaminophen or ibuprofen to lower a very high fever. Adults can also take aspirin, but children with fevers should not take aspirin. It is also important to drink enough liquids to prevent dehydration.


MEDLINEPLUS

A disorder characterized by elevation of the body`s temperature above the upper limit of normal.
NCI

An increase in body temperature above normal (98.6 degrees F), usually caused by disease.
NCI

The elevation of the body`s temperature above the upper limit of normal, usually taken as 37.7 degrees C.
NCI

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schistosomiasis

Infection with flukes (trematodes) of the genus SCHISTOSOMA. Three species produce the most frequent clinical diseases: SCHISTOSOMA HAEMATOBIUM (endemic in Africa and the Middle East), SCHISTOSOMA MANSONI (in Egypt, northern and southern Africa, some West Indies islands, northern 2/3 of South America), and SCHISTOSOMA JAPONICUM (in Japan, China, the Philippines, Celebes, Thailand, Laos). S. mansoni is often seen in Puerto Ricans living in the United States. (Merck Manual, 15th ed)
MSH

parasitic disease of tropical and subtropical countries; characterized initially by fever, chills, and abdominal and lower back pain; untreated patients may develop jaundice, liver cirrhosis, bladder tumors, and kidney failure.
CSP

A parasitic infection caused by flukes of the genus Schistosoma. Signs and symptoms include fever, abdominal pain, eosinophilia and hepatosplenomegaly. If left untreated it may eventually cause liver damage leading to cirrhosis, bladder cancer and kidney failure.
NCI

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Clostridium

genus of motile or nonmotile gram positive bacteria of the family Clostridiaceae; many species have been identified with some being pathogenic, occurring in water, soil, and in the intestinal tract of humans and lower animals.
CSP

A genus of motile or nonmotile gram-positive bacteria of the family Clostridiaceae. Many species have been identified with some being pathogenic. They occur in water, soil, and in the intestinal tract of humans and lower animals.
MSH

A genus of gram-positive, obligate anaerobic bacteria in the Firmicutes phylum capable of producing endospores.
NCI

Any bacteria that is not assigned to the species level but can be assigned to the Clostridium genus level.
NCI

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Leishmania

genus of flagellate protozoa comprising several species that are pathogenic for humans; organisms have an amastigote and a promastigote stage in their life cycles; genus has been divided into two subgenera: Leishmania leishmania and Leishmania viannia.
CSP

A genus of flagellate protozoa comprising several species that are pathogenic for humans. Organisms of this genus have an amastigote and a promastigote stage in their life cycles. As a result of enzymatic studies this single genus has been divided into two subgenera: Leishmania leishmania and Leishmania viannia. Species within the Leishmania leishmania subgenus include: L. aethiopica, L. arabica, L. donovani, L. enrietti, L. gerbilli, L. hertigi, L. infantum, L. major, L. mexicana, and L. tropica. The following species are those that compose the Leishmania viannia subgenus: L. braziliensis, L. guyanensis, L. lainsoni, L. naiffi, and L. shawi.
MSH

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ústní dutina – index hygieny

A combination of the debris index and the dental calculus index to determine the status of oral hygiene.
MSH

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fikain

A sulfhydryl proteinase with cysteine at the active site from ficus latex. Preferential cleavage is at tyrosine and phenylalanine residues. EC 3.4.22.3.
MSH

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školy veterinární

Educational institutions for individuals specializing in the field of veterinary medicine.
MSH

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