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žlučník

A storage reservoir for BILE secretion. Gallbladder allows the delivery of bile acids at a high concentration and in a controlled manner, via the CYSTIC DUCT to the DUODENUM, for degradation of dietary lipid.
MSH

Organ with organ cavity which is continuous proximally with the hepatic duct and distally terminates in the fundus of the gallbladder. Examples: There is only one gallbladder.
UWDA

storage reservoir for bile secretion; allows the delivery of bile acids at a high concentration and in a controlled manner, via the cystic duct to the duodenum, for degradation of dietary lipid.
CSP

The pear-shaped organ found below the liver. Bile is concentrated and stored in the gallbladder.
NCI

Organ with organ cavity which is continuous proximally with the cystic duct and distally terminates in the fundus of the gallbladder. Examples: There is only one gallbladder.
FMA

A pear-shaped organ located under the liver that stores and concentrates bile secreted by the liver. From the gallbladder the bile is delivered through the bile ducts into the intestine thereby aiding the digestion of fat-containing foods. (NCI)
NCI

A pear-shaped organ located under the liver that stores and concentrates bile secreted by the liver. From the gallbladder the bile is delivered through the bile ducts into the intestine thereby aiding the digestion of fat-containing foods.
NCI

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polymyxiny

Basic lipopeptide antibiotic group obtained from Bacillus polymyxa. They affect the cell membrane by detergent action and may cause neuromuscular and kidney damage. At least eleven different members of the polymyxin group have been identified, each designated by a letter.
MSH

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lymfoidní tkáň

Specialized tissues that are components of the lymphatic system. They provide fixed locations within the body where a variety of LYMPHOCYTES can form, mature and multiply. The lymphoid tissues are connected by a network of LYMPHATIC VESSELS.
MSH

specialized tissues that are components of the lymphatic system, providing fixed locations within the body where a variety of lymphocytes can form, mature, and multiply.
CSP

Tissue characterized by the presence of large numbers of lymphocytes in different stages of transformation. Connective tissue cells including fibroblasts and macrophages may be present. Lymphoid tissue is framed by a network of reticular fibers and may be diffuse, or densely aggregated.
NCI

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karboprost

A nonsteroidal abortifacient agent that is effective in both the first and second trimesters of PREGNANCY.
MSH

The (15S)-15 methyl analogue of naturally occurring prostaglandin F2 alpha (PGF2 alpha) with oxytocic activity. Mimicking endogenous PGF2 alpha, carboprost activates prostaglandin F receptor, a G-protein coupled receptor, on smooth muscle cells, thereby resulting in smooth muscle contractions. When administered intramuscularly on gravid subjects, this agent induces myometrium contractions, thereby initiating luteolysis and consequently parturition. Furthermore, carboprost`s action on vascular smooth muscle and gastrointestinal tract sphincters leads to raised blood pressure and induces vomiting or diarrhea, respectively.
NCI

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testis

The male gonad containing two functional parts: the SEMINIFEROUS TUBULES for the production and transport of male germ cells (SPERMATOGENESIS) and the interstitial compartment containing LEYDIG CELLS that produce ANDROGENS.
MSH

Lobular organ the parenchyma of which consists of seminiferous tubules which communicate with the duct of the epididymis. Examples: There only two instances, right testis and left testis.
UWDA

male gonad; either of the paired glands normally located in the scrotum; each testis is surround by an outer mesothelial layer and an inner white capsule and is composed of compartments which contain the seminiferous tubules where the spermatozoa are produced; specialized interstital Leydig cells secrete androgens.
CSP

Lobular organ the parenchyma of which consists of seminiferous tubules which communicate with the duct of the epididymis. Examples: There only two instances, right testis and left testis.
FMA

Either of the paired male reproductive glands that produce the male germ cells and the male hormones. (NCI)
NCI

One of two egg-shaped glands inside the scrotum that produce sperm and male hormones.
NCI

Either of the paired male reproductive glands that produce the male germ cells and the male hormones.
NCI

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ganglia autonomní

Clusters of neurons and their processes in the autonomic nervous system. In the autonomic ganglia, the preganglionic fibers from the central nervous system synapse onto the neurons whose axons are the postganglionic fibers innervating target organs. The ganglia also contain intrinsic neurons and supporting cells and preganglionic fibers passing through to other ganglia.
MSH

clusters of neurons and their processes in the autonomic nervous system; in the autonomic ganglia, the preganglionic fibers from the central nervous system synapse onto the neurons whose axons are the postganglionic fibers innervating target organs.
CSP

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polyvinylchlorid

A polyvinyl resin used extensively in the manufacture of plastics, including medical devices, tubing, and other packaging. It is also used as a rubber substitute.
MSH

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Macao

A country in Eastern Asia, bordering the South China Sea and China. (CIA World Factbook 2002)
NCI

A country in Eastern Asia, bordering the South China Sea and China. (NCI)
NCI

Special Administrative Region of the People`s Republic of China since December 20, 1999 with its own constitution. The island of Macau and adjacent islands are located off the southeast coast of China.
MSH

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karcinom – Ehrlichův nádor

A transplantable, poorly differentiated malignant tumor which appeared originally as a spontaneous breast carcinoma in a mouse. It grows in both solid and ascitic forms.
MSH

experimental neoplasm that is transplantable, poorly differentiated and malignant; appeared originally as a spontaneous breast carcinoma in a mouse; grows in both solid and ascitic forms.
CSP

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tetranitromethan

Corrosive oxidant, explosive; additive to diesel and rocket fuels; causes skin and lung irritation; proposed war gas. A useful reagent for studying the modification of specific amino acids, particularly tyrosine residues in proteins. Has also been used for studying carbanion formation and for detecting the presence of double bonds in organic compounds.
MSH

A synthetic, oily, colorless to pale yellow liquid that is insoluble in water and soluble in alcohol and ether. Tetranitromethane is used as an oxidizing agent in rocket propellants and explosives as well as an additive to increase the cetane number of diesel fuel. In science, it is used as both an analytical reagent for the detection of double bonds in organic compounds and as a mild nitrating reagent that reacts with tyrosine residues in proteins. The primary route of potential human exposure to tetranitromethane is inhalation. Acute inhalation exposure to tetranitromethane can result in irritation of the respiratory tract, buildup of fluid in the lungs (pulmonary edema) and interference with the oxygen-carrying capacity of red blood cells (methemoglobinemia). Contact with this compound can cause irritation of the eyes and skin. It is reasonably anticipated to be a human carcinogen. (NCI05)
NCI

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žaludeční muciny

Mucins that are found on the surface of the gastric epithelium. They play a role in protecting the epithelial layer from mechanical and chemical damage.
MSH

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portografie

Examination of the portal circulation by the use of X-ray films after injection of radiopaque material.
MSH

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Maillardova reakce

One of a group of nonenzymatic reactions in which aldehydes, ketones, or reducing sugars react with amino acids, peptides, or proteins. Food browning reactions, such as those that occur with cooking of meats, and also food deterioration reactions, resulting in decreased nutritional value and color changes, are attributed to this reaction type. The Maillard reaction is studied by scientists in the agriculture, food, nutrition, and carbohydrate chemistry fields.
MSH

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kardiovaskulární látky

Agents that affect the rate or intensity of cardiac contraction, blood vessel diameter, or blood volume.
MSH

agents that effect the rate or intensity of cardiac contraction, blood vessel diameter, or blood volume.
CSP

NOTE: The beta-blockers/related subclassification (CV100) includes all single-entity beta-blockers and alpha-beta- blockers. Combinations containing a beta-blocker are included with the combination antihypertensives (CV400). The alpha-blockers/related subclassification (CV150) includes both peripheral and central single-entity products. All antihypertensive combinations, with the exception of potassium-sparing diuretics in combination with other diuretics (CV704), are included in the CV400 subclassification.
NDFRT

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psychoterapeutické procesy

Experiential, attitudinal, emotional, or behavioral phenomena occurring during the course of treatment. They apply to the patient or therapist (i.e., nurse, doctor, etc.) individually or to their interaction. (American Psychological Association: Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 1994)
MSH

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želatina

A product formed from skin, white connective tissue, or bone COLLAGEN. It is used as a protein food adjuvant, plasma substitute, hemostatic, suspending agent in pharmaceutical preparations, and in the manufacturing of capsules and suppositories.
MSH

soluble protein produced by boiling collagen in water.
CSP

A general purpose reagent is a chemical reagent that has general laboratory application, that is used to collect, prepare, and examine specimens from the human body for diagnostic histopathology, cytology, and hematology, and that is not labeled or otherwise intended for a specific diagnostic application. General purpose reagents include cytological preservatives, decalcifying reagents, fixatives and adhesives, tissue processing reagents, isotonic solutions, and pH buffers.
SPN

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potenciometrie

Solution titration in which the end point is read from the electrode-potential variations with the concentrations of potential determining ions. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
MSH

use of a potentiometer, which is a resistor having a continuously adjustable sliding contact, to measure electromotive forces, and the application of such measurements.
CSP

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Malloryho-Weissův syndrom

A condition characterized by mucosal tears at the ESOPHAGOGASTRIC JUNCTION, sometimes with HEMATEMESIS. Typically it is caused by forceful bouts of retching or VOMITING.
MSH

A disorder characterized by upper gastrointestinal tract bleeding caused by longitudinal mucosal tears in the gastroesophageal junction. The tears result from retching or forceful coughing. It was initially described in alcoholics.
NCI

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karpus u zvířat

The region corresponding to the human WRIST in non-human ANIMALS.
MSH

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thiazoly

5-membered aromatic ring structure with 1 nitrogen and 1 sulfur heteroatoms.
CSP

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genová přestavba – beta řetězec receptoru antigenů T-buněk

Ordered rearrangement of T-cell variable gene regions coding for the beta-chain of antigen receptors.
MSH

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Precipitation

substance in solution settling down in solid particles.
CSP

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Mandrillus

A genus of the subfamily CERCOPITHECINAE, family CERCOPITHECIDAE, comprising two species: the drill (M. leucophaeus) and the mandrill (M. sphinx). They are usually found in thick rainforest and have a gentle disposition despite their ferocious reputation. Some authors consider Mandrillus a subgenus of PAPIO.
MSH

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spádová oblast (zdraví)

A geographic area defined and served by a health program or institution.
MSH

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thiosírany

Inorganic salts of thiosulfuric acid possessing the general formula R2S2O3.
MSH

sulfate group in which one or more oxygen atoms is replaced by sulfur.
CSP

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geny opakující se

A set of genes descended by duplication and variation from some ancestral gene. Such genes may be clustered together on the same chromosome or dispersed on different chromosomes. Examples of multigene families include those that encode the hemoglobins, immunoglobulins, histocompatibility antigens, actins, tubulins, keratins, collagens, heat shock proteins, salivary glue proteins, chorion proteins, cuticle proteins, yolk proteins, and phaseolins, as well as histones, ribosomal RNA, and transfer RNA genes. The latter three are examples of reiterated genes, where hundreds of identical genes are present in a tandem array. (King & Stanfield, A Dictionary of Genetics, 4th ed)
MSH

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těhotenství mnohočetné

The condition of carrying two or more FETUSES simultaneously.
MSH

A pregnancy involving twins or higher-order multiple fetuses (e.g., triplets, quadruplets).
NCI

A gestation with more than one fertilized egg implanted as a viable fetus in the uterus.
NCI

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Lake Victoria marburgvirus

genus in family Filoviridae.
CSP

The type species of MARBURGVIRUS, associated with severe illness in workers handling tissues of African green monkeys.
MSH

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příčina smrti

Factors which produce cessation of all vital bodily functions. They can be analyzed from an epidemiologic viewpoint.
MSH

The circumstance or condition that results in the death of a living being.
NCI

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trombocytémie esenciální

clinical syndrome characterized by repeated spontaneous hemorrhages and a remarkable increase in the number of circulating platelets.
CSP

An increased number of thrombocytes (platelets) in the blood, without a known cause.
NCI

A clinical syndrome characterized by repeated spontaneous hemorrhages and a remarkable increase in the number of circulating platelets.
MSH

A chronic myeloproliferative neoplasm that involves primarily the megakaryocytic lineage. It is characterized by sustained thrombocytosis in the blood, increased numbers of large, mature megakaryocytes in the bone marrow, and episodes of thrombosis and/or hemorrhage. The cause is unknown. Median survival times of 10-15 years are commonly reported. (WHO, 2008)
NCI

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