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alfa-krystaliny – řetězec A

One of the subunits of alpha-crystallins. Unlike ALPHA-CRYSTALLIN B CHAIN the expression of ALPHA-CRYSTALLIN A CHAIN is limited primarily to the lens (LENS, CRYSTALLINE).
MSH

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diagnostické techniky – trávicí ústrojí

Methods and procedures for the diagnosis of diseases or dysfunction of the digestive system or its organs or demonstration of their physiological processes.
MSH

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Brassica rapa

A plant species cultivated for the seed used as animal feed and as a source of canola cooking oil.
MSH

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azurin

A bacterial protein from Pseudomonas, Bordetella, or Alcaligenes which operates as an electron transfer unit associated with the cytochrome chain. The protein has a molecular weight of approximately 16,000, contains a single copper atom, is intensively blue, and has a fluorescence emission band centered at 308nm.
MSH

turquoise blue protein that contains copper, is present in some bacteria and functions in electron transfer.
CSP

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ostrovy Středozemního moře

Scattered islands in the Mediterranean Sea. The chief islands are the Balearic Islands (belong to Spain; Majorca and Minorca are among these), Corsica (belongs to France), Crete (belongs to Greece), CYPRUS (a republic), the Cyclades, Dodecanese and Ionian Islands (belong to Greece), MALTA (a republic), Sardinia and SICILY (belong to Italy). (From Webster`s New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p747)
MSH

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glyceridy

GLYCEROL esterified with FATTY ACIDS.
MSH

glycerol esterified with one or more organic acids, particularly long chain fatty acids.
CSP

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elementy Alu

The Alu sequence family (named for the restriction endonuclease cleavage enzyme Alu I) is the most highly repeated interspersed repeat element in humans (over a million copies). It is derived from the 7SL RNA component of the SIGNAL RECOGNITION PARTICLE and contains an RNA polymerase III promoter. Transposition of this element into coding and regulatory regions of genes is responsible for many heritable diseases.
MSH

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diastema

An abnormal opening or fissure between two adjacent teeth.
MSH

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reagenční soupravy diagnostické

Commercially prepared reagent sets, with accessory devices, containing all of the major components and literature necessary to perform one or more designated diagnostic tests or procedures. They may be for laboratory or personal use.
MSH

3C; Product Evaluation, Research, and Monitoring; Diagnostic Reagents and Test Kits (FMB)
NCI

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bakteriální toxiny

toxic substances formed in or elaborated by bacteria; they are usually proteins with high molecular weight and antigenicity; some are used as antibiotics and some to skin test for the presence of or susceptibility to certain diseases.
CSP

A harmful substance made by bacteria that can cause illness. Bacterial toxins can also be made in the laboratory and attached to monoclonal antibodies that bind to cancer cells. These toxins may help kill cancer cells without harming normal cells.
NCI

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melatonin

A biogenic amine that is found in animals and plants. In mammals, melatonin is produced by the PINEAL GLAND. Its secretion increases in darkness and decreases during exposure to light. Melatonin is implicated in the regulation of SLEEP, mood, and REPRODUCTION. Melatonin is also an effective antioxidant.
MSH

5-methoxy-N-acetyltryptamine, a pineal hormone involved in modulation of skin pigmentation, gonad development, and circadian rhythms.
CSP

a hormone that stimulates color change of the skin and sleep processes in animals
CHV

A hormone made by the pineal gland (tiny organ near the center of the brain). Melatonin helps control the body`s sleep cycle, and is an antioxidant. It is also made in the laboratory and sold as a supplement.
NCI

A recombinant therapeutic analog of melatonin, a natural serotonin-derived indole with antioxidant properties. Melatonin hormone synthesis occurs in the pineal gland and depends on beta-adrenergic receptor function. Melatonin is involved in numerous biological functions: circadian rhythm, sleep, stress response, aging, and immunity. Check for “http://www.cancer.gov/Search/ClinicalTrialsLink.aspx?id=42346&idtype=1″ active clinical trials or “http://www.cancer.gov/Search/ClinicalTrialsLink.aspx?id=42346&idtype=1&closed=1″ closed clinical trials using this agent. (“http://nciterms.nci.nih.gov:80/NCIBrowser/ConceptReport.jsp?dictionary=NCI_Thesaurus&code=C632″ NCI Thesaurus)
PDQ

A hormone involved in sleep regulatory activity, and a tryptophan-derived neurotransmitter, which inhibits the synthesis and secretion of other neurotransmitters such as dopamine and GABA. Melatonin is synthesized from serotonin intermediate in the pineal gland and the retina where the enzyme 5-hydroxyindole-O-methyltransferase, that catalyzes the last step of synthesis, is found. This hormone binds to and activates melatonin receptors and is involved in regulating the sleep and wake cycles. In addition, melatonin possesses antioxidative and immunoregulatory properties via regulating other neurotransmitters.
NCI

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glykopeptidy

Proteins which contain carbohydrate groups attached covalently to the polypeptide chain. The protein moiety is the predominant group with the carbohydrate making up only a small percentage of the total weight.
MSH

peptides with covalently attached carbohydrate, usually resulting from biodegradation or laboratory hydrolysis of glycoproteins.
CSP

Peptides that contain carbohydrate moieties (glycans) covalently attached to the side chains of the amino acid residues that constitute the peptide. (Wikipedia)
NCI

A short chain of amino acids (the building blocks of proteins) that has sugar molecules attached to it. Some glycopeptides have been studied for their ability to stimulate the immune system.
NCI

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amébicidy

Agents which are destructive to amebae, especially the parasitic species causing AMEBIASIS in man and animal.
MSH

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dikofol

An organochlorine insecticide.
MSH

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receptory FSH

Cell surface proteins that bind FOLLICLE STIMULATING HORMONE with high affinity and trigger intracellular changes influencing the behavior of cells.
MSH

Follicle-stimulating hormone receptor (695 aa, ~78 kDa) is encoded by the human FSHR gene. This protein is involved in the modulation of hormone binding and signaling and the mediation of both gonad development and gamete differentiation.
NCI

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Barbados

An island in the Lesser Antilles in the West Indies. It is chiefly of coral formation with no good harbors and only small streams. It was probably discovered by the Portuguese in the sixteenth century. The name was given by 16th-century Spanish explorers from barbados, the plural for “bearded”, with reference to the beard-like leaves or trails of moss on the trees that grew there in abundance. (From Webster`s New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p116 & Room, Brewer`s Dictionary of Names, 1992, p49)
MSH

An island between the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, northeast of Venezuela. (NCI)
NCI

An island between the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, northeast of Venezuela. (CIA World Factbook 2002)
NCI

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meningy – nádory

Benign and malignant neoplastic processes that arise from or secondarily involve the meningeal coverings of the brain and spinal cord.
MSH

A benign or malignant neoplasm that affects the meninges. The majority of the neoplasms arise from meningothelial cells and are called meningiomas. Non-meningothelial cell neoplasms include mesenchymal, non-meningothelial tumors, hemangiopericytomas, and melanocytic lesions.
NCI

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zlato – radioisotopy

Unstable isotopes of gold that decay or disintegrate emitting radiation. Au 185-196, 198-201, and 203 are radioactive gold isotopes.
MSH

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oxidoreduktasy aminokyselin

A class of enzymes that catalyze oxidation-reduction reactions of amino acids.
MSH

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dietní tuky

Fats present in food, especially in animal products such as meat, meat products, butter, ghee. They are present in lower amounts in nuts, seeds, and avocados.
MSH

lipids present in food.
CSP

A chemically heterogeneous group of organic compounds found in food that are insoluble in water but soluble in nonpolar solvents.
NCI

Fat is a major source of energy and aids your body in absorbing vitamins. It`s important for proper growth, development and keeping you healthy. Fat provides taste to foods and helps you feel full. Fats are an especially important source of calories and nutrients for infants and toddlers. Dietary fat also plays a major role in your cholesterol levels.

But not all fats are the same. You should try to avoid

  • Saturated fats such as butter, solid shortening, lard and fatback
  • Trans fats, found in vegetable shortenings, some margarines, crackers, cookies, snack foods and other foods made with or fried in partially hydrogenated oils

Try to replace them with oils such as corn, canola, olive, safflower, soybean and sunflower. Of course, eating too much fat will put on the pounds.

Food and Drug Administration


MEDLINEPLUS

A class of food constituents, also known as fats and oils, that serve as a source of energy and essential fatty acids in animals. The major components of lipids are fatty acids, triglycerides, phospholipids, glycolipids, sphingolipids, steroids (cholesterol), and lipoproteins.
NCI

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receptory transferinu

Membrane glycoproteins found in high concentrations on iron-utilizing cells. They specifically bind iron-bearing transferrin, are endocytosed with its ligand and then returned to the cell surface where transferrin without its iron is released.
MSH

major vehicle for cellular uptake of iron; receptor expression is tightly regulated by available iron, via an “iron-responsive element” (IRE) on its mRNA which prevents translation when occupied by an iron- sensitive binding protein.
CSP

Homodimeric human Transferrin Receptors (M28B Peptidase Family) are type II membrane proteins involved in the cellular import of transferrin-bound iron and appear necessary for iron metabolism, cell function, and erythrocyte differentiation. (NCI)
NCI

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bazofily

Granular leukocytes characterized by a relatively pale-staining, lobate nucleus and cytoplasm containing coarse dark-staining granules of variable size and stainable by basic dyes.
MSH

granular leukocytes characterized by a relatively pale-staining, lobate nucleus and cytoplasm containing coarse dark-staining granules of variable size and stainable by basic dyes; contain vasoactive amines such as histamine and serotonin, which are released on appropriate stimulation.
CSP

eactions and asthma. A basophil is a type of white blood cell and a type of granulocyte.
NCI

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menthol

An alcohol produced from mint oils or prepared synthetically.
MSH

An organic compound made synthetically or obtained from peppermint or mint oils with flavoring and local anesthetic properties. When added to pharmaceuticals and foods, menthol functions as a fortifier for peppermint flavors. It also has a counterirritant effect on skin and mucous membranes, thereby producing a local analgesic or anesthetic effect.
NCI

A substance that comes from mint oils or is made in the laboratory. It is used to relieve itching and to treat problems in the upper respiratory tract. Menthol causes a cooling sensation when eaten or put on the skin and it acts as a mild pain killer. It is found in nasal sprays, cough drops, inhalers, creams, and lotions. It is also used as a flavor in many food and oral hygiene products.
NCI

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štěp – okluze vaskulární

Obstruction of flow in biological or prosthetic vascular grafts.
MSH

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aminofylin

A drug combination that contains THEOPHYLLINE and ethylenediamine. It is more soluble in water than theophylline but has similar pharmacologic actions. It`s most common use is in bronchial asthma, but it has been investigated for several other applications.
MSH

drug combination that contains theophylline and ethylenediamine; its most common use is in bronchial asthma, but it has been investigated for several other applications.
CSP

A methylxanthine and derivative of theophylline. Aminophylline relaxes smooth muscles, particularly bronchial muscles. This xanthine most likely exerts its effect by inhibiting cAMP or cGMP phosphodiesterases, thereby increasing levels of the second messenger cAMP or cGMP intracellularly. Other mode of actions include an adenosine antagonistic effect on the activity of CD4 lymphocytes and mediator release from mast cells thereby decreasing lung sensitivity to allergens and other substances that cause inflammation. Aminophylline also acts as a CNS stimulant and exerts a positive chronotropic and inotropic effect on the heart.
NCI

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digoxigenin

3 beta,12 beta,14-Trihydroxy-5 beta-card-20(22)-enolide. A cardenolide which is the aglycon of digoxin. Can be obtained by hydrolysis of digoxin or from Digitalis orientalis L. and Digitalis lanata Ehrh.
MSH

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konziliární vyšetření a konzultace

The practice of sending a patient to another program or practitioner for services or advice which the referring source is not prepared to provide.
MSH

practice of sending a patient to another program or practitioner for services or advice which the referring person is not prepared to provide; requesting advice from another person in the field.
CSP

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behaviorální lékařství

The interdisciplinary field concerned with the development and integration of behavioral and biomedical science, knowledge, and techniques relevant to health and illness and the application of this knowledge and these techniques to prevention, diagnosis, treatment, and rehabilitation.
MSH

interdisciplinary field concerned with the development and integration of behavioral and biomedical science, knowledge, and techniques relevant to health and illness and the application of this knowledge and these techniques to prevention, diagnosis, treatment, and rehabilitation; for thorough searching see RTs.
CSP

The study, prevention, and treatment of medical and psychosomatic disorders and of undesirable behaviors, such as overeating and substance abuse, by the application of behavior therapy techniques, such as biofeedback, relaxation training, and hypnosis.
NCI

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zuby – meziální pohyb

Migration of the teeth toward the midline or forward in the DENTAL ARCH. (From Boucher`s Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed)
MSH

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Gray matter

Cell part cluster consisting predominantly of somas of neurons in the brain and the spinal cord.
FMA

gray nervous tissue composed of nerve cell bodies, unmyelinated nerve fibers and supportive tissue.
CSP

The nerve tissue composed of nerve cell bodies, unmyelinated nerve fibers and supportive tissue found in the brain and spinal cord. It is differentiated from the white matter by color of the tissues and the presence of more myelinated nerve cells in the white matter.
NCI

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