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psychoakustika

The science pertaining to the interrelationship of psychologic phenomena and the individual`s response to the physical properties of sound.
MSH

science pertaining to the interrelationship of psychologic phenomena and the response to the physical properties of sound.
CSP

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glukosidasy

Enzymes that hydrolyze O-glucosyl-compounds. (Enzyme Nomenclature, 1992) EC 3.2.1.-.
MSH

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rohovka

The transparent anterior portion of the fibrous coat of the eye consisting of five layers: stratified squamous CORNEAL EPITHELIUM; BOWMAN MEMBRANE; CORNEAL STROMA; DESCEMET MEMBRANE; and mesenchymal CORNEAL ENDOTHELIUM. It serves as the first refracting medium of the eye. It is structurally continuous with the SCLERA, avascular, receiving its nourishment by permeation through spaces between the lamellae, and is innervated by the ophthalmic division of the TRIGEMINAL NERVE via the ciliary nerves and those of the surrounding conjunctiva which together form plexuses. (Cline et al., Dictionary of Visual Science, 4th ed)
MSH

transparent part of the coat of the eyeball that covers the iris and pupil and admits light to the interior.
CSP

The transparent part of the eye that covers the iris and the pupil and allows light to enter the inside.
NCI

A dome-shaped, transparent, avascular tissue covering the front of the eye. It is composed of five layers: squamous epithelium, Bowman`s membrane, stroma, Descemet`s membrane, and endothelium. Refraction of light contributing to eye`s focusing ability is its characteristic function. It contains unmyelinated nerve endings which are responsible for the high sensitivity of the tissue. (NCI)
NCI

A dome-shaped, transparent, avascular tissue covering the front of the eye. It is composed of five layers: squamous epithelium, Bowman`s membrane, stroma, Descemet`s membrane, and endothelium. Refraction of light contributing to eye`s focusing ability is its characteristic function. It contains unmyelinated nerve endings which are responsible for the high sensitivity of the tissue.
NCI

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androstendion

A delta-4 C19 steroid that is produced not only in the TESTIS, but also in the OVARY and the ADRENAL CORTEX. Depending on the tissue type, androstenedione can serve as a precursor to TESTOSTERONE as well as ESTRONE and ESTRADIOL.
MSH

delta-4 C19 steroid that is produced in the testes, ovaries and adrenal cortex and can serve as a precursor to testosterone as well as estrone and estradiol.
CSP

a kind of male sex hormone
CHV

A steroid hormone synthesized by the adrenal glands and the gonads from either 17-alpha-hydroxyprogesterone or dehydroepiandrosterone and is a precursor of testosterone.
NCI

A potent androgenic prohormone that is a direct precursor of testosterone and used as a supplement to increase plasma testosterone levels and muscle anabolism. (NCI)
NCI

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protein přenášející acyl

Consists of a polypeptide chain and 4`-phosphopantetheine linked to a serine residue by a phosphodiester bond. Acyl groups are bound as thiol esters to the pantothenyl group. Acyl carrier protein is involved in every step of fatty acid synthesis by the cytoplasmic system.
MSH

small subunits of mitochondrial fatty acid synthase complex that covalently bind the growing fatty acid and carry it through the course of synthesis.
CSP

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medulla oblongata

The lower portion of the BRAIN STEM. It is inferior to the PONS and anterior to the CEREBELLUM. Medulla oblongata serves as a relay station between the brain and the spinal cord, and contains centers for regulating respiratory, vasomotor, cardiac, and reflex activities.
MSH

caudal subdivision of the hindbrain interposed between the spinal cord and the pons; adult derivative of the myelencephalon, the most caudal subdivision of the developing brain; it has two subdivisions the open medulla bordering on the fourth ventricle and the closed medulla which surrounds the rostral part of the central canal.
CSP

Organ component of neuraxis that has as its parts the medullary reticular formation, inferior olivary complex and cochlear nuclear complex, among other structures. Examples: There is only one medulla oblongata.
FMA

The lower portion of the brainstem located between the pons and brainstem. This structure contains several descending and ascending tracts, lower cranial nerve nuclei, a significant proportion of the reticular system of the brainstem and other structures. (NCI)
NCI

part of brain
CHV

The lower portion of the brainstem located between the pons and brainstem. This structure contains several descending and ascending tracts, lower cranial nerve nuclei, a significant proportion of the reticular system of the brainstem and other structures.
NCI

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psychofyziologické poruchy

A group of disorders characterized by physical symptoms that are affected by emotional factors and involve a single organ system, usually under AUTONOMIC NERVOUS SYSTEM control. (American Psychiatric Glossary, 1988)
MSH

characterized by physical symptoms and demonstrable structural or physiological changes in which emotional factors are believed to play a major etiologic role.
CSP

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glycerylethery

Compounds in which one or more of the three hydroxyl groups of glycerol are in ethereal linkage with a saturated or unsaturated aliphatic alcohol; one or two of the hydroxyl groups of glycerol may be esterified. These compounds have been found in various animal tissue.
MSH

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Cortinarius

A genus of mushrooms in the family Cortinariaceae. When ingested, species of Cortinarius cause delayed acute RENAL FAILURE.
MSH

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anestézie celková

state of total unconsciousness resulting from anesthetic drugs.
CSP

Actions that render a patient unconscious for the purpose of performing a diagnostic or interventional procedure.
NCI

A temporary loss of feeling and a complete loss of awareness that feels like a very deep sleep. It is caused by special drugs or other substances called anesthetics. General anesthesia keeps patients from feeling pain during surgery or other procedures.
NCI

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adenosindifosfát

Adenosine 5`-(trihydrogen diphosphate). An adenine nucleotide containing two phosphate groups esterified to the sugar moiety at the 5`-position.
MSH

adenine nucleotide containing two phosphate groups esterified to the sugar moiety at the 5`-position that is converted to ATP for energy for storage.
CSP

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melitten

Basic polypeptide from the venom of the honey bee (Apis mellifera). It contains 26 amino acids, has cytolytic properties, causes contracture of muscle, releases histamine, and disrupts surface tension, probably due to lysis of cell and mitochondrial membranes.
MSH

amphiphilic, helical peptide from bee venom which forms ionophoric channels in cell membranes; also binds and inhibits calmodulin and gastric H/K ATPase; intraventricular injection produces experimental hypertension.
CSP

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veřejné zdravotnictví – řízení

Management of public health organizations or agencies.
MSH

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trombocytový glykoproteinový komplex Ib-IX

Platelet membrane glycoprotein complex essential for normal platelet adhesion and clot formation at sites of vascular injury. It is composed of three polypeptides, GPIb alpha, GPIb beta, and GPIX. Glycoprotein Ib functions as a receptor for von Willebrand factor and for thrombin. Congenital deficiency of the GPIb-IX complex results in Bernard-Soulier syndrome. The platelet glycoprotein GPV associates with GPIb-IX and is also absent in Bernard-Soulier syndrome.
MSH

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poradenství

The giving of advice and assistance to individuals with educational or personal problems.
MSH

the use of psychological methods in testing the interests of and giving professional guidance to individuals.
CSP

The act of receiving professional guidance in resolving personal conflicts and emotional problems.
NCI

The process by which a professional counselor helps a person cope with mental or emotional distress, and understand and solve personal problems.
NCI

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balónková angioplastika

Dilation of an occluded coronary artery (or arteries) by means of a balloon catheter to restore myocardial blood supply.
MSH

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poruchy přizpůsobení

Maladaptive reactions to identifiable psychosocial stressors occurring within a short time after onset of the stressor. They are manifested by either impairment in social or occupational functioning or by symptoms (depression, anxiety, etc.) that are in excess of a normal and expected reaction to the stressor.
MSH

A condition in which a person responds to a stressful event (such as an illness, job loss, or divorce) with extreme emotions and actions that cause problems at work and home.
NCI

A category of psychiatric disorders which are characterized by emotional or behavioral symptoms that develop within 3 months of a stressor and do not persist for more than an additional 6 months after the stressor is no longer present.
NCI

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meningitida aseptická

A syndrome characterized by headache, neck stiffness, low grade fever, and CSF lymphocytic pleocytosis in the absence of an acute bacterial pathogen. Viral meningitis is the most frequent cause although MYCOPLASMA INFECTIONS; RICKETTSIA INFECTIONS; diagnostic or therapeutic procedures; NEOPLASTIC PROCESSES; septic perimeningeal foci; and other conditions may result in this syndrome. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p745)
MSH

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arteria pulmonalis – stenóza subvalvulární

Narrowing below the PULMONARY VALVE or well below it in the infundibuluar chamber where the pulmonary artery originates, usually caused by a defective VENTRICULAR SEPTUM or presence of fibrous tissues. It is characterized by restricted blood outflow from the RIGHT VENTRICLE into the PULMONARY ARTERY, exertional fatigue, DYSPNEA, and chest discomfort.
MSH

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golf

A game whose object is to sink a ball into each of 9 or 18 successive holes on a golf course using as few strokes as possible.
MSH

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kreatinkinasa – forma MB

An isoenzyme of creatine kinase found in the CARDIAC MUSCLE.
MSH

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zvířata transgenní

Experimental organism whose genome has been altered by the transfer of a gene or genes from another species or breed.
NCI

Animals, or the offspring of such animals, into which cloned genetic material has been experimentally transferred by microinjection of foreign DNA, either directly or into embryos or differentiated cell types.
MSH

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nadledvinová kůra – nádory

Tumors or cancers of the ADRENAL CORTEX.
MSH

A benign or malignant (primary or metastatic) neoplasm affecting the adrenal cortex. (NCI05)
NCI

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mefentermin

A sympathomimetic agent with specificity for alpha-1 adrenergic receptors. It is used to maintain BLOOD PRESSURE in hypotensive states such as following SPINAL ANESTHESIA.
MSH

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puromycin

A cinnamamido ADENOSINE found in STREPTOMYCES alboniger. It inhibits protein synthesis by binding to RNA. It is an antineoplastic and antitrypanosomal agent and is used in research as an inhibitor of protein synthesis.
MSH

antibiotic produced by Streptomyces alboniger, used as an antineoplastic and antitrypanosomal agent and in research as an inhibitor of protein synthesis.
CSP

An aminoglycoside antibiotic isolated from the bacterium Streptomyces alboniger. Acting as an analog of the 3` terminal end of aminoacyl-tRNA, puromycin incorporates itself into a growing polypeptide chain and causes its premature termination, thereby inhibiting protein synthesis. This agent has antimicrobial, antitrypanosomal, and antineoplastic properties; it is used as an antibiotic in cell culture. (NCI04)
NCI

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gramnegativní aerobní baktérie

A large group of aerobic bacteria which show up as pink (negative) when treated by the gram-staining method. This is because the cell walls of gram-negative bacteria are low in peptidoglycan and thus have low affinity for violet stain and high affinity for the pink dye safranine.
MSH

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crossing over (genetika)

reciprocal exchange of material between homologous chromosomes that occurs during meiosis and is responsible for genetic recombination.
CSP

The reciprocal exchange of segments at corresponding positions along pairs of homologous CHROMOSOMES by symmetrical breakage and crosswise rejoining forming cross-over sites (HOLLIDAY JUNCTIONS) that are resolved during CHROMOSOME SEGREGATION. Crossing-over typically occurs during MEIOSIS but it may also occur in the absence of meiosis, for example, with bacterial chromosomes, organelle chromosomes, or somatic cell nuclear chromosomes.
MSH

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Antazoline Phosphate

The phosphate salt of antazoline, an ethylenediamine derivative with histamine H1 antagonistic and sedative properties. Antazoline antagonizes histamine H1 receptor and prevents the typical allergic symptoms caused by histamine activities on capillaries, skin, mucous membranes, gastrointestinal and bronchial smooth muscles. These histamine activities include vasodilation, bronchoconstriction, increased vascular permeability, pain, itching, and spasmodic contractions of gastrointestinal smooth muscles. Antazoline is used to provide symptomatic relieve of allergic symptoms.
NCI

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Klebsiella pneumoniae

gram negative, non motile, capsulated, gas producing rods found widely in nature and associated with urinary and respiratory infections in humans.
CSP

Gram-negative, non-motile, capsulated, gas-producing rods found widely in nature and associated with urinary and respiratory infections in humans.
MSH

A species of facultatively anaerobic, Gram negative, rod shaped bacteria assigned to the phylum Proteobacteria. This species is nonmotile, oxidase negative, and produces acid from glucose, mannitol, rhamnose, arabinose and amygdalin. K. ozaenae is pathogenic and a causative agent of ozena/atrophic rhinitis.
NCI

Any bacterial organism that can be assigned to the species Klebsiella pneumoniae.
NCI

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mezonefrom

A rare tumor of the female genital tract, most often the ovary, formerly considered to be derived from mesonephric rests. Two varieties are recognized: (1) clear cell carcinoma, so called because of its histologic resemblance to renal cell carcinoma, and now considered to be of muellerian duct derivation and (2) an embryonal tumor (called also ENDODERMAL SINUS TUMOR and yolk sac tumor), occurring chiefly in children. The latter variety may also arise in the testis. (Dorland, 27th ed)
MSH

An adenocarcinoma of the cervix or the vagina arising from mesonephric remnants.
NCI

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