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Articaine hydrochloride

The hydrochloride salt form of articaine, an amide-type local anesthetic. Articaine hydrochloride reversibly blocks nerve impulse conduction by binding to specific membrane sodium ion channels thereby interfering with the electrical excitation in the nerve, slowing the propagation of the nerve impulse and reducing the rate of rise of the action potential. This results in a loss of sensation at the injection site. Articaine hydrochloride is used for relief of pain in minor operations, usually in combination with the vasoconstrictor epinephrine.
NCI

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Cercopithecus aethiops

A species of CERCOPITHECUS containing three subspecies: C. tantalus, C. pygerythrus, and C. sabeus. They are found in the forests and savannas of Africa. The African green monkey (C. pygerythrus) is the natural host of SIMIAN IMMUNODEFICIENCY VIRUS and is used in AIDS research.
MSH

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tělovýchovné lékařství

The field of medicine concerned with physical fitness and the diagnosis and treatment of injuries sustained in exercise and sports activities.
MSH

branch of medicine concerned with assessment and improvement of fitness and the treatment and prevention of medical disorders related to sports.
CSP

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hemolytická plaková technika

A method to identify and enumerate cells that are synthesizing ANTIBODIES against ANTIGENS or HAPTENS conjugated to sheep RED BLOOD CELLS. The sheep red blood cells surrounding cells secreting antibody are lysed by added COMPLEMENT producing a clear zone of HEMOLYSIS. (From Illustrated Dictionary of Immunology, 3rd ed)
MSH

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personál nemocniční

The individuals employed by the hospital.
MSH

persons working in a hospital, whether or not professionally trained, and includes those in the research field who work in a hospital.
CSP

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katecholy

A group of 1,2-benzenediols that contain the general formula R-C6H5O2.
MSH

ortho-hydroxy phenol, the ring structure of catecholamines, an important class of intercellular transmitter molecules.
CSP

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Maroko

A country located in north Africa, bordering the Atlantic Ocean and the Mediterranean Sea, with a southern border with Western Sahara, eastern border with Algeria. The capital is Rabat.
MSH

A country in Northern Africa, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean and the Mediterranean Sea, between Algeria and Western Sahara. (NCI)
NCI

A country in Northern Africa, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean and the Mediterranean Sea, between Algeria and Western Sahara. (CIA World Factbook 2002)
NCI

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Staphylococcus

genus of gram positive, facultatively anaerobic, coccoid bacteria; organisms occur singly, in pairs, and in tetrads and characteristically divide in more than one plane to form irregular clusters.
CSP

A genus of gram-positive, facultatively anaerobic, coccoid bacteria. Its organisms occur singly, in pairs, and in tetrads and characteristically divide in more than one plane to form irregular clusters. Natural populations of Staphylococcus are membranes of warm-blooded animals. Some species are opportunistic pathogens of humans and animals.
MSH

A genus of nonmotile, nonspore-forming, aerobic to facultatively anaerobic bacteria containing Gram-positive, spherical cells, 0.5-1.5 microns in diameter, which divide in more than one plane to form irregular clusters. Coagulase-positive strains produce a variety of toxins and are therefore potentially pathogenic and may cause food poisoning. They are found on the skin, in skin glands, on the nasal and other mucous membranes of warm-blooded animals, and in various food products. The type species is Staphylococcus aureus.
NCI

Any bacteria that is not assigned to the species level but can be assigned to the Staphylococcus genus level.
NCI

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heparin – antagonisté

Coagulant substances inhibiting the anticoagulant action of heparin.
MSH

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farmaceuti

Those persons legally qualified by education and training to engage in the practice of pharmacy.
MSH

persons legally qualified by education and training to engage in the practice of pharmacy.
CSP

A person trained in pharmacy that prepares and dispenses drugs prescribed by physicians and health practitioners. The responsibilities include instructing patients on the use, hazards, interactions, and side effects of any drug dispensed.
NCI

A person licensed to prepare and dispense (give out) prescription drugs and who has been taught how they work, how to use them, and their side effects.
NCI

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Cayman Islands

An island group in the Caribbean Sea, nearly one-half of the way from Cuba to Honduras. (NCI)
NCI

An island group in the Caribbean Sea, nearly one-half of the way from Cuba to Honduras. (CIA World Factbook 2002)
NCI

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motorické dovednosti – poruchy

Marked impairments in the development of motor coordination such that the impairment interferes with activities of daily living. (From DSM-IV, 1994)
MSH

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stereotypní chování

Relatively invariant mode of behavior elicited or determined by a particular situation; may be verbal, postural, or expressive.
MSH

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hepatitida virová zvířat

INFLAMMATION of the LIVER in animals due to viral infection.
MSH

not restricted to hepatitis caused by hepatitis viruses; use also for hepatitis caused by other viruses in animals.
CSP

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fenformin

A biguanide hypoglycemic agent with actions and uses similar to those of METFORMIN. Although it is generally considered to be associated with an unacceptably high incidence of lactic acidosis, often fatal, it is still available in some countries. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p290)
MSH

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molekuly buněčné adheze neuronové

Surface ligands that mediate cell-to-cell adhesion and function in the assembly and interconnection of the vertebrate nervous system. These molecules promote cell adhesion via a homophilic mechanism. These are not to be confused with NEURAL CELL ADHESION MOLECULES, now known to be expressed in a variety of tissues and cell types in addition to nervous tissue.
MSH

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mukopolysacharidóza III

Mucopolysaccharidosis characterized by heparitin sulfate in the urine, progressive mental retardation, mild dwarfism, and other skeletal disorders. There are four clinically indistinguishable but biochemically distinct forms, each due to a deficiency of a different enzyme.
MSH

mucopolysaccharidosis characterized by heparin sulfate in the urine, progressive mental retardation, mild dwarfism, and other skeletal disorders.
CSP

A rare autosomal recessive lysosomal storage disease affecting the metabolism of mucopolysaccharides. Signs and symptoms include behavioral changes, sleep disorders, mental developmental delays, and seizures.
NCI

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žaludeční obsah

The contents of the stomach that may include undigested food mixed with juices secreted by the gastric mucosal glands.
NCI

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HERPES SINPLEXA( ESKL. BEGIA F85; GENITALA X90, Y72)

A group of acute infections caused by herpes simplex virus type 1 or type 2 that is characterized by the development of one or more small fluid-filled vesicles with a raised erythematous base on the skin or mucous membrane. It occurs as a primary infection or recurs due to a reactivation of a latent infection. (Dorland, 27th ed.)
MSH

infection caused by the herpes simplex virus; affects the skin and nervous system; produces small temporary (but sometimes painful) blisters on the skin and mucous membranes.
CSP

Herpes is an infection that is caused by a herpes simplex virus (HSV). Oral herpes causes cold sores around the mouth or face. Genital herpes affects the genitals, buttocks or anal area. Genital herpes is a sexually transmitted disease (STD). It affects the genitals, buttocks or anal area. Other herpes infections can affect the eyes, skin, or other parts of the body. The virus can be dangerous in newborn babies or in people with weak immune systems.

There are two types of HSV:

  • HSV type 1 most commonly causes cold sores. It can also cause genital herpes.
  • HSV type 2 is the usual cause of genital herpes, but it also can infect the mouth.

HSV spreads direct contact. Some people have no symptoms. Others get sores near the area where the virus has entered the body. They turn into blisters, become itchy and painful, and then heal.

Most people have outbreaks several times a year. Over time, you get them less often. Medicines to help your body fight the virus can help lessen symptoms and decrease outbreaks.


MEDLINEPLUS

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fenylrtuťné sloučeniny

Organic mercury compounds in which the mercury is attached to a phenyl group. Often used as fungicides and seed treatment agents.
MSH

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bezbuněčný systém

A fractionated cell extract that maintains a biological function. A subcellular fraction isolated by ultracentrifugation or other separation techniques must first be isolated so that a process can be studied free from all of the complex side reactions that occur in a cell. The cell-free system is therefore widely used in cell biology. (From Alberts et al., Molecular Biology of the Cell, 2d ed, p166)
MSH

experimental condition created by disrupting cells with homogenization, sonication, detergents, or other treatment, leaving intracellular components exposed to controlled manipulation of the medium.
CSP

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Muridae

A family of the order Rodentia containing 250 genera including the two genera Mus (MICE) and Rattus (RATS), from which the laboratory inbred strains are developed. The fifteen subfamilies are SIGMODONTINAE (New World mice and rats), CRICETINAE, Spalacinae, Myospalacinae, Lophiomyinae, ARVICOLINAE, Platacanthomyinae, Nesomyinae, Otomyinae, Rhizomyinae, GERBILLINAE, Dendromurinae, Cricetomyinae, MURINAE (Old World mice and rats), and Hydromyinae.
MSH

Taxonomic family which includes mice, rats, and gerbils.
NCI

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Streptomyces aureofaciens

An actinomycete from which the antibiotic CHLORTETRACYCLINE is obtained.
MSH

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hexestrol

A synthetic estrogen that has been used as a hormonal antineoplastic agent.
MSH

A synthetic hydrogenated derivative of diethylstilbestrol (DES). Hexestrol exhibits strong affinity for estrogen receptors that are overexpressed in some types of cancers. When conjugated with a neoplastic drug, hexestrol may selectively concentrate the cytotoxic agent in estrogen receptor-rich tumors. This agent may also be mutagenic. (NCI04)
NCI

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Phodopus

A genus of hamsters characterized by small size, very short tail, and short, broad feet with hairy soles.
MSH

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centrifugace izopyknická

A technique used to separate particles according to their densities in a continuous density gradient. The sample is usually mixed with a solution of known gradient materials and subjected to centrifugation. Each particle sediments to the position at which the gradient density is equal to its own. The range of the density gradient is usually greater than that of the sample particles. It is used in purifying biological materials such as proteins, nucleic acids, organelles, and cell types.
MSH

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hořčičné sloučeniny

Strong alkylating and immunosuppressive agents whose biological activity is based on the presence of bis(2-chloroethyl)- groups. Although otherwise structurally diverse, the compounds have in common the capacity to contribute alkyl groups to DNA. They are generally highly toxic but include among their number many widely used and effective antineoplastic agents.
MSH

strong alkylating and immunosuppressive agents whose biological activity is based on the presence of bis(2-chloroethyl)- groups; although structurally diverse, the compounds have in common the capacity to contribute alkyl groups to DNA; they are generally highly toxic but include among their number many widely used and effective antineoplastic agents; use this term to cover the chemical warfare agent mustard gas.
CSP

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struma ovarii

A rare teratoid tumor of the ovary composed almost entirely of thyroid tissue, with large follicles containing abundant colloid. Occasionally there are symptoms of hyperthyroidism. 5-10% of struma ovarii become malignant, the only absolute criterion for which is the presence of metastasis. (Dorland, 27th ed; Segen, Dictionary of Modern Medicine, 1992)
MSH

An ovarian mature teratoma characterized by the presence of aberrant thyroid tissue. The aberrant thyroid tissue shows morphologic changes identical to thyroid adenoma or carcinoma. Patients may present with abdominal mass and unusual symptoms due to thyrotoxicosis, or Meigs syndrome (ascites and pleural effusion).
NCI

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kyčel – fraktury

Fractures of the FEMUR HEAD; the FEMUR NECK; (FEMORAL NECK FRACTURES); the trochanters; or the inter- or subtrochanteric region. Excludes fractures of the acetabulum and fractures of the femoral shaft below the subtrochanteric region (FEMORAL FRACTURES).
MSH

breaks or rupture in bones or cartilages of the hip; for fractures of the femoral shaft below the subtrochanteric region use LIMB FRACTURE.
CSP

A finding of traumatic injury to the hip in which the continuity of either the femoral head, femoral neck, intertrochanteric or subtrochanteric regions is broken.
NCI

Traumatic or pathological injury to the hip in which the continuity of either the femoral head, femoral neck, intertrochanteric or subtrochanteric regions is broken. Symptoms include pain in the hip or groin, bruising and swelling in and around the hip area. The injured hip is turned outward and the leg appears shorter on that side.
NCI

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fosfoenolpyruvátkarboxykinasa (závislá na GTP)

An enzyme of the lyase class that catalyzes the conversion of GTP and oxaloacetate to GDP, phosphoenolpyruvate, and carbon dioxide. This reaction is part of gluconeogenesis in the liver. The enzyme occurs in both the mitochondria and cytosol of mammalian liver. (From Dorland, 27th ed) EC 4.1.1.32.
MSH

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