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diastema

An abnormal opening or fissure between two adjacent teeth.
MSH

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humerus

Long bone which is part of the arm.
FMA

The upper arm bone between the shoulder and elbow. (NCI)
NCI

The upper arm bone between the shoulder and elbow.
NCI

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bakteriální toxiny

toxic substances formed in or elaborated by bacteria; they are usually proteins with high molecular weight and antigenicity; some are used as antibiotics and some to skin test for the presence of or susceptibility to certain diseases.
CSP

A harmful substance made by bacteria that can cause illness. Bacterial toxins can also be made in the laboratory and attached to monoclonal antibodies that bind to cancer cells. These toxins may help kill cancer cells without harming normal cells.
NCI

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testis

The male gonad containing two functional parts: the SEMINIFEROUS TUBULES for the production and transport of male germ cells (SPERMATOGENESIS) and the interstitial compartment containing LEYDIG CELLS that produce ANDROGENS.
MSH

Lobular organ the parenchyma of which consists of seminiferous tubules which communicate with the duct of the epididymis. Examples: There only two instances, right testis and left testis.
UWDA

male gonad; either of the paired glands normally located in the scrotum; each testis is surround by an outer mesothelial layer and an inner white capsule and is composed of compartments which contain the seminiferous tubules where the spermatozoa are produced; specialized interstital Leydig cells secrete androgens.
CSP

Lobular organ the parenchyma of which consists of seminiferous tubules which communicate with the duct of the epididymis. Examples: There only two instances, right testis and left testis.
FMA

Either of the paired male reproductive glands that produce the male germ cells and the male hormones. (NCI)
NCI

One of two egg-shaped glands inside the scrotum that produce sperm and male hormones.
NCI

Either of the paired male reproductive glands that produce the male germ cells and the male hormones.
NCI

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nádory – recidiva lokální

The local recurrence of a neoplasm following treatment. It arises from microscopic cells of the original neoplasm that have escaped therapeutic intervention and later become clinically visible at the original site.
MSH

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polyvinylchlorid

A polyvinyl resin used extensively in the manufacture of plastics, including medical devices, tubing, and other packaging. It is also used as a rubber substitute.
MSH

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dikofol

An organochlorine insecticide.
MSH

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uhlovodíky chlorované

Hydrocarbon compounds with one or more of the hydrogens replaced by CHLORINE.
MSH

organic compound that contains carbon and hydrogen, with chlorine atoms substituting for one or more hydrogens.
CSP

Organochlorines are a group of compounds belonging to the chlorinated hydrocarbon pesticides (as aldrin, DDT, or dieldrin). These compounds are believed to associated with many cancers, especially with breast cancer.
NCI

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Barbados

An island in the Lesser Antilles in the West Indies. It is chiefly of coral formation with no good harbors and only small streams. It was probably discovered by the Portuguese in the sixteenth century. The name was given by 16th-century Spanish explorers from barbados, the plural for “bearded”, with reference to the beard-like leaves or trails of moss on the trees that grew there in abundance. (From Webster`s New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p116 & Room, Brewer`s Dictionary of Names, 1992, p49)
MSH

An island between the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, northeast of Venezuela. (NCI)
NCI

An island between the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, northeast of Venezuela. (CIA World Factbook 2002)
NCI

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tetranitromethan

Corrosive oxidant, explosive; additive to diesel and rocket fuels; causes skin and lung irritation; proposed war gas. A useful reagent for studying the modification of specific amino acids, particularly tyrosine residues in proteins. Has also been used for studying carbanion formation and for detecting the presence of double bonds in organic compounds.
MSH

A synthetic, oily, colorless to pale yellow liquid that is insoluble in water and soluble in alcohol and ether. Tetranitromethane is used as an oxidizing agent in rocket propellants and explosives as well as an additive to increase the cetane number of diesel fuel. In science, it is used as both an analytical reagent for the detection of double bonds in organic compounds and as a mild nitrating reagent that reacts with tyrosine residues in proteins. The primary route of potential human exposure to tetranitromethane is inhalation. Acute inhalation exposure to tetranitromethane can result in irritation of the respiratory tract, buildup of fluid in the lungs (pulmonary edema) and interference with the oxygen-carrying capacity of red blood cells (methemoglobinemia). Contact with this compound can cause irritation of the eyes and skin. It is reasonably anticipated to be a human carcinogen. (NCI05)
NCI

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nefritida

Inflammation of any part of the KIDNEY.
MSH

inflammation of the kidney; a focal or diffuse proliferative or destructive process which may involve the glomerulus, tubule, or interstitial renal tissue.
CSP

Inflammation of the kidney. It is a focal or diffuse proliferative or destructive process which may involve the glomerulus, tubule, or interstitial renal tissue. (MeSH)
NCI

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portografie

Examination of the portal circulation by the use of X-ray films after injection of radiopaque material.
MSH

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dietní tuky

Fats present in food, especially in animal products such as meat, meat products, butter, ghee. They are present in lower amounts in nuts, seeds, and avocados.
MSH

lipids present in food.
CSP

A chemically heterogeneous group of organic compounds found in food that are insoluble in water but soluble in nonpolar solvents.
NCI

Fat is a major source of energy and aids your body in absorbing vitamins. It`s important for proper growth, development and keeping you healthy. Fat provides taste to foods and helps you feel full. Fats are an especially important source of calories and nutrients for infants and toddlers. Dietary fat also plays a major role in your cholesterol levels.

But not all fats are the same. You should try to avoid

  • Saturated fats such as butter, solid shortening, lard and fatback
  • Trans fats, found in vegetable shortenings, some margarines, crackers, cookies, snack foods and other foods made with or fried in partially hydrogenated oils

Try to replace them with oils such as corn, canola, olive, safflower, soybean and sunflower. Of course, eating too much fat will put on the pounds.

Food and Drug Administration


MEDLINEPLUS

A class of food constituents, also known as fats and oils, that serve as a source of energy and essential fatty acids in animals. The major components of lipids are fatty acids, triglycerides, phospholipids, glycolipids, sphingolipids, steroids (cholesterol), and lipoproteins.
NCI

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hydroxidy

Inorganic compounds that contain the OH- group.
MSH

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bazofily

Granular leukocytes characterized by a relatively pale-staining, lobate nucleus and cytoplasm containing coarse dark-staining granules of variable size and stainable by basic dyes.
MSH

granular leukocytes characterized by a relatively pale-staining, lobate nucleus and cytoplasm containing coarse dark-staining granules of variable size and stainable by basic dyes; contain vasoactive amines such as histamine and serotonin, which are released on appropriate stimulation.
CSP

eactions and asthma. A basophil is a type of white blood cell and a type of granulocyte.
NCI

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psychoterapeutické procesy

Experiential, attitudinal, emotional, or behavioral phenomena occurring during the course of treatment. They apply to the patient or therapist (i.e., nurse, doctor, etc.) individually or to their interaction. (American Psychological Association: Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 1994)
MSH

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Nested Case-Control Studies

A study in which a group or cohort of individuals is followed for a certain length of time or until a specific outcome is reached. Studies of this type incorporate the strengths of both cohort and case-control studies but eliminates a portion of the methodologic challenges inherent in both types of studies.
NCI

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potenciometrie

Solution titration in which the end point is read from the electrode-potential variations with the concentrations of potential determining ions. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
MSH

use of a potentiometer, which is a resistor having a continuously adjustable sliding contact, to measure electromotive forces, and the application of such measurements.
CSP

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digoxigenin

3 beta,12 beta,14-Trihydroxy-5 beta-card-20(22)-enolide. A cardenolide which is the aglycon of digoxin. Can be obtained by hydrolysis of digoxin or from Digitalis orientalis L. and Digitalis lanata Ehrh.
MSH

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hydroxytestosterony

17 beta-Hydroxy-4-androsten-3-ones. Testosterone derivatives formed by the substitution of one or more hydroxyl groups in any position.
MSH

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behaviorální lékařství

The interdisciplinary field concerned with the development and integration of behavioral and biomedical science, knowledge, and techniques relevant to health and illness and the application of this knowledge and these techniques to prevention, diagnosis, treatment, and rehabilitation.
MSH

interdisciplinary field concerned with the development and integration of behavioral and biomedical science, knowledge, and techniques relevant to health and illness and the application of this knowledge and these techniques to prevention, diagnosis, treatment, and rehabilitation; for thorough searching see RTs.
CSP

The study, prevention, and treatment of medical and psychosomatic disorders and of undesirable behaviors, such as overeating and substance abuse, by the application of behavior therapy techniques, such as biofeedback, relaxation training, and hypnosis.
NCI

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thiazoly

5-membered aromatic ring structure with 1 nitrogen and 1 sulfur heteroatoms.
CSP

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Neurofilament

intermediate filaments of neurons which add rigidity, tensile strength, and possibly intracellular transport guidance to axons and dendrites.
CSP

A type of intermediate filament found in the core of neuronal axons. Neurofilaments are heteropolymers composed of three type IV polypeptides: NF-L, NF-M, and NF-H (for low, middle, and high molecular weight). Neurofilaments are responsible for the radial growth of an axon and determine axonal diameter. [ISBN:0198506732 “Oxford Dictionary of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology”, ISBN:0716731363, ISBN:0815316194]
GO

An intermediate filament that is found in the axons of neurons.
NCI

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Precipitation

substance in solution settling down in solid particles.
CSP

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dilazep

Coronary vasodilator with some antiarrhythmic activity.
MSH

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hyperlipidémie

excess of lipids in the blood.
CSP

Conditions with excess LIPIDS in the blood.
MSH

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Benzanthracenes

group of hydrocarbons in which a benzene and anthracene ring have a double bond in common.
CSP

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thiosírany

Inorganic salts of thiosulfuric acid possessing the general formula R2S2O3.
MSH

sulfate group in which one or more oxygen atoms is replaced by sulfur.
CSP

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neuropsychologie

A branch of psychology which investigates the correlation between experience or behavior and the basic neurophysiological processes. The term neuropsychology stresses the dominant role of the nervous system. It is a more narrowly defined field than physiological psychology or psychophysiology.
MSH

study of the relationships between behavior, experience, and neurophysiological processes.
CSP

The study of how the brain and central nervous system are related to behavior.
NCI

The study of how the physiology of the brain and central nervous system are related to behavior.
NCI

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těhotenství mnohočetné

The condition of carrying two or more FETUSES simultaneously.
MSH

A pregnancy involving twins or higher-order multiple fetuses (e.g., triplets, quadruplets).
NCI

A gestation with more than one fertilized egg implanted as a viable fetus in the uterus.
NCI

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