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stafylokoky – infekce

Infections with bacteria of the genus STAPHYLOCOCCUS.
MSH

infections with bacteria of the genus Staphylococcus; includes staphylococcal pneumonia, staph skin infections, furunculosis, carbuncle, impetigo, Ritter disease, scalded skin syndrome, etc.
CSP

Staph is short for Staphylococcus, a type of bacteria. There are over 30 types, but Staphylococcus aureus causes most staph infections (pronounced “staff infections”), including

  • Skin infections
  • Pneumonia
  • Food poisoning
  • Toxic shock syndrome
  • Blood poisoning (bacteremia)

Skin infections are the most common. They can look like pimples or boils. They may be red, swollen and painful, and sometimes have pus or other drainage. They can turn into impetigo, which turns into a crust on the skin, or cellulitis, a swollen, red area of skin that feels hot.

Anyone can get a staph skin infection. You are more likely to get one if you have a cut or scratch, or have contact with a person or surface that has staph bacteria. The best way to prevent staph is to keep hands and wounds clean. Most staph skin infections are easily treated with antibiotics or by draining the infection. Some staph bacteria are resistant to certain antibiotics, making infections harder to treat.


MEDLINEPLUS

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hemotorax

Hemorrhage within the pleural cavity.
MSH

A collection of blood in the pleural cavity.
NCI

A disorder characterized by bleeding from the pleural cavity.
NCI

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faloidin

Very toxic polypeptide isolated mainly from AMANITA phalloides (Agaricaceae) or death cup; causes fatal liver, kidney and CNS damage in mushroom poisoning; used in the study of liver damage.
MSH

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corpus striatum

Striped gray and white matter consisting of the NEOSTRIATUM and paleostriatum (GLOBUS PALLIDUS). It is located in front of and lateral to the thalamus in each cerebral hemisphere. The gray substance is made up of the CAUDATE NUCLEUS and the lentiform nucleus (the latter consisting of the GLOBUS PALLIDUS and PUTAMEN). The white matter is the internal capsule.
MSH

striped gray and white matter consisting of the neostriatum and paleostriatum (globus pallidus); located in front of and lateral to the thalamus in each cerebral hemisphere; the gray substance is made up of the caudate nucleus and the lentiform nucleus (the latter consisting of the globus pallidus and putamen; the white matter is the internal capsule.
CSP

Striped gray and white matter consisting of the neostriatum and paleostriatum (globus pallidus). It is located in front of and lateral to the thalamus in each cerebral hemisphere. The gray substance is made up of the caudate nucleus and the lentiform nucleus. The white matter is the internal capsule. (MeSH)
NCI

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motorické korové centrum

Area of the frontal lobe concerned with primary motor control. It lies anterior to the central sulcus.
MSH

area of the frontal lobe concerned with primary motor control; it lies anterior to the central sulcus.
CSP

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anestézie – období probouzení

The period of emergence from general anesthesia, where different elements of consciousness return at different rates.
MSH

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kmenové buňky

Relatively undifferentiated cells that retain the ability to divide and proliferate throughout postnatal life to provide progenitor cells that can differentiate into specialized cells.
MSH

Stem cells are cells with the potential to develop into many different types of cells in the body. They serve as a repair system for the body. There are two main types of stem cells: embryonic stem cells and adult stem cells.

Doctors and scientists are excited about stem cells because they have potential in many different areas of health and medical research. Studying stem cells may help explain how serious conditions such as birth defects and cancer come about. Stem cells may one day be used to make cells and tissues for therapy of many diseases, including Parkinson`s disease, Alzheimer`s disease, spinal cord injury, heart disease, diabetes and arthritis.

NIH: National Institutes of Health


MEDLINEPLUS

relatively undifferentiated cells of the same lineage that retain the ability to divide and cycle throughout postnatal life to provide cells that can become specialized and take the place of those that die or are lost.
CSP

A cell from which other types of cells develop. For example, blood cells develop from blood-forming stem cells.
NCI

Relatively undifferentiated cells of the same lineage (family type) that retain the ability to divide throughout postnatal life to reproduce themselves and to give rise to other more specialized types of cells to take the place of those that die or are lost. (MeSH)
NCI

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hepatitida alkoholická

INFLAMMATION of the LIVER due to ALCOHOL ABUSE. It is characterized by NECROSIS of HEPATOCYTES, infiltration by NEUTROPHILS, and deposit of MALLORY BODIES. Depending on its severity, the inflammatory lesion may be reversible or progress to LIVER CIRRHOSIS.
MSH

acute or chronic degenerative and inflammatory lesion of the liver in the alcoholic which is potentially progressive though sometimes reversible; it does not necessarily include steatosis, fibrosis, or cirrhosis of the liver, although it is frequently associated with these conditions; it is characterized by liver cell necrosis, infiltration by polymorphonuclear leukocytes and lymphocytes, and Mallory bodies.
CSP

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Phenelzine Sulfate

A hydrazine derivative and a potent non-selective monoamine oxidase (MAO) inhibitor with anxiolytic and antidepressant properties. Phenelzine sulfate irreversibly binds to MAO, thereby blocking the oxidative deamination of monoamines resulting in an increased concentration of biogenic amines and a concurrent decrease in catabolism of monoamine neurotransmitters, norepinephrine and serotonin, in the brain. In addition, through its primary metabolite phenylethylidenehyrazine (PEH), phenelzine causes elevated GABA levels in the caudate-putamen and nucleus accumbens thereby exerting its anxiolytic effects.
NCI

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kumafos

A organothiophosphorus cholinesterase inhibitor that is used as an anthelmintic, insecticide, and as a nematocide.
MSH

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mukociliární clearance

A non-specific host defense mechanism that removes MUCUS and other material from the LUNGS by ciliary and secretory activity of the tracheobronchial submucosal glands. It is measured in vivo as mucus transfer, ciliary beat frequency, and clearance of radioactive tracers.
MSH

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angiolymfoidní hyperplazie s eozinofilií

Solitary or multiple benign cutaneous nodules comprised of immature and mature vascular structures intermingled with endothelial cells and a varied infiltrate of eosinophils, histiocytes, lymphocytes, and mast cells.
MSH

A hemangioma arising from the skin. It is characterized by the presence of epithelioid endothelial cells.
NCI

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stimulace chemická

The increase in a measurable parameter of a PHYSIOLOGICAL PROCESS, including cellular, microbial, and plant; immunological, cardiovascular, respiratory, reproductive, urinary, digestive, neural, musculoskeletal, ocular, and skin physiological processes; or METABOLIC PROCESS, including enzymatic and other pharmacological processes, by a drug or other chemical.
MSH

excitation of an organism or part of an organism to temporary functional activity by application of a chemical.
CSP

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závislost na heroinu

Strong dependence, both physiological and emotional, upon heroin.
MSH

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phenylhydrazine

diazo derivative of aniline used as a reagent for sugars, ketones and aldehydes.
CSP

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Crataegus

A genus in the family ROSACEAE of shrubs and small trees native to the North Temperate Zone. It is best known for a traditional medication for the heart.
MSH

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Münchhausenův syndrom

A factitious disorder characterized by habitual presentation for hospital treatment of an apparent acute illness, the patient giving a plausible and dramatic history, all of which is false.
MSH

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zvířata

multicellular organisms whose classification is based on tissues or organ arrangement; heterotrophic; use sexual reproduction in which a fertilized egg develops in stages; vertebrate and invertebrate types; index specific animal when possible.
CSP

A non-human living organism that has membranous cell walls, requires oxygen and organic foods, and is capable of voluntary movement, as distinguished from a plant or mineral. EXAMPLE(S): dog, cat, mouse, microorganism.
NCI

Unicellular or multicellular, heterotrophic organisms, that have sensation and the power of voluntary movement. Under the older five kingdom paradigm, Animalia was one of the kingdoms. Under the modern three domain model, Animalia represents one of the many groups in the domain EUKARYOTA.
MSH

A living organism that has membranous cell walls, requires oxygen and organic foods, and is capable of voluntary movement, as distinguished from a plant or mineral.
NCI

A living subject from the animal kingdom.


HL7V3.0

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streptodornasa a streptokinasa

A mixture of the enzymes (streptokinase and streptodornase) produced by hemolytic streptococci. It is used topically on surface lesions and by instillation in closed body cavities to remove clotted blood or fibrinous or purulent accumulations. It is also used as a skin test antigen in evaluating generalized cell-mediated immunodeficiency. (Dorland, 27th ed) EC 3.-.
MSH

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hexadimethrin

A synthetic polymer which agglutinates red blood cells. It is used as a heparin antagonist.
MSH

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fleomyciny

Water-soluble, copper-containing low molecular weight polypeptides obtained from the culture medium of Streptomyces verticillus. They are specific inhibitors of DNA synthesis in bacteria and have been found to act as antitumor agents. They have also been used against rust fungi of plants.
MSH

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infekce získané v nemocnicích

Any infection which a patient contracts in a health-care institution.
MSH

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muskuloskeletální systém – fyziologické jevy

Processes and properties of the MUSCULOSKELETAL SYSTEM.
MSH

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anoxie

Relatively complete absence of oxygen in one or more tissues.
MSH

Absence or reduction of oxygen in body tissue. (PSY94)
NCI

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stroncium – isotopy

Stable strontium atoms that have the same atomic number as the element strontium, but differ in the atomic weight. Sr-84, 86, 87, and 88 are the stable strontium isotopes.
MSH

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kyčel

The projecting part on each side of the body, formed by the side of the pelvis and the top portion of the femur.
MSH

projecting part on each side of the body, formed by the side of the pelvis and the top portion of the femur; includes the joint between the head of the femur and the acetabulum.
CSP

The lateral prominence of the pelvis from the waist to the thigh.
NCI

The lateral prominence of the pelvis from the waist to the thigh. (NCI)
NCI

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fosfoadenosinfosfosulfát

3`-Phosphoadenosine-5`-phosphosulfate. Key intermediate in the formation by living cells of sulfate esters of phenols, alcohols, steroids, sulfated polysaccharides, and simple esters, such as choline sulfate. It is formed from sulfate ion and ATP in a two-step process. This compound also is an important step in the process of sulfur fixation in plants and microorganisms.
MSH

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krystalizace

The formation of crystalline substances from solutions or melts. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
MSH

formation of crystals, homogeneous solids with regularly repeating atomic arrangements, from a liquid, vapor, or amorphous solid.
CSP

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Mycoplasma

genus of gram negative, mostly facultatively anaerobic bacteria in the family Mycoplasmataceae; the cells are bounded by a plasma membrane and lack a true cell wall; its organisms are pathogens found on the mucous membranes of humans, animals, and birds.
CSP

A genus of gram-negative, mostly facultatively anaerobic bacteria in the family MYCOPLASMATACEAE. The cells are bounded by a PLASMA MEMBRANE and lack a true CELL WALL. Its organisms are pathogens found on the MUCOUS MEMBRANES of humans, ANIMALS, and BIRDS.
MSH

A genus of nonmotile facultatively anaerobic bacteria that lack a true cell wall, are gram-negative, and require sterol for growth.
NCI

Any bacteria that is not assigned to the species level but can be assigned to the Mycoplasma genus level.
NCI

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antiinfekční látky

Substances that prevent infectious agents or organisms from spreading or kill infectious agents in order to prevent the spread of infection.
MSH

substances that kill or prevent the spreading of infectious agents or organisms in order to prevent the spread of infection.
CSP

Substances that prevent infectious agents or organisms from spreading or kill infectious agents in order to prevent the spread of infection. (MeSH)
NCI

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