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kontrastová senzitivita

The ability to detect sharp boundaries (stimuli) and to detect slight changes in luminance at regions without distinct contours. Psychophysical measurements of this visual function are used to evaluate visual acuity and to detect eye disease.
MSH

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nemocnice – spoluúčast lékařů mimo nemocnici

A formal financial agreement made between one or more physicians and a hospital to provide ambulatory alternative services to those patients who do not require hospitalization.
MSH

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myšlení

mental activity, not predominantly perceptual, by which one apprehends some aspect of an object or situation based on past learning and experience.
CSP

Mental activity, not predominantly perceptual, by which one apprehends some aspect of an object or situation based on past learning and experience. (On-line Medical Dictionary)
NCI

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prednimustin

Ester of CHLORAMBUCIL and PREDNISOLONE used as a combination alkylating agent and synthetic steroid to treat various leukemias and other neoplasms. It causes gastrointestinal and bone marrow toxicity.
MSH

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natriuréza

Sodium excretion by URINATION.
MSH

OBSOLETE. The process of renal sodium excretion. [GOC:mtg_cardio, ISBN:0198506732 “Oxford Dictionary of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology”]
GO

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rohovka

The transparent anterior portion of the fibrous coat of the eye consisting of five layers: stratified squamous CORNEAL EPITHELIUM; BOWMAN MEMBRANE; CORNEAL STROMA; DESCEMET MEMBRANE; and mesenchymal CORNEAL ENDOTHELIUM. It serves as the first refracting medium of the eye. It is structurally continuous with the SCLERA, avascular, receiving its nourishment by permeation through spaces between the lamellae, and is innervated by the ophthalmic division of the TRIGEMINAL NERVE via the ciliary nerves and those of the surrounding conjunctiva which together form plexuses. (Cline et al., Dictionary of Visual Science, 4th ed)
MSH

transparent part of the coat of the eyeball that covers the iris and pupil and admits light to the interior.
CSP

The transparent part of the eye that covers the iris and the pupil and allows light to enter the inside.
NCI

A dome-shaped, transparent, avascular tissue covering the front of the eye. It is composed of five layers: squamous epithelium, Bowman`s membrane, stroma, Descemet`s membrane, and endothelium. Refraction of light contributing to eye`s focusing ability is its characteristic function. It contains unmyelinated nerve endings which are responsible for the high sensitivity of the tissue. (NCI)
NCI

A dome-shaped, transparent, avascular tissue covering the front of the eye. It is composed of five layers: squamous epithelium, Bowman`s membrane, stroma, Descemet`s membrane, and endothelium. Refraction of light contributing to eye`s focusing ability is its characteristic function. It contains unmyelinated nerve endings which are responsible for the high sensitivity of the tissue.
NCI

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horké linky

A direct communication system, usually telephone, established for instant contact. It is designed to provide special information and assistance through trained personnel and is used for counseling, referrals, and emergencies such as poisonings and threatened suicides.
MSH

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thiouridin

A photoactivable URIDINE analog that is used as an affinity label.
MSH

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androstendion

A delta-4 C19 steroid that is produced not only in the TESTIS, but also in the OVARY and the ADRENAL CORTEX. Depending on the tissue type, androstenedione can serve as a precursor to TESTOSTERONE as well as ESTRONE and ESTRADIOL.
MSH

delta-4 C19 steroid that is produced in the testes, ovaries and adrenal cortex and can serve as a precursor to testosterone as well as estrone and estradiol.
CSP

a kind of male sex hormone
CHV

A steroid hormone synthesized by the adrenal glands and the gonads from either 17-alpha-hydroxyprogesterone or dehydroepiandrosterone and is a precursor of testosterone.
NCI

A potent androgenic prohormone that is a direct precursor of testosterone and used as a supplement to increase plasma testosterone levels and muscle anabolism. (NCI)
NCI

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těhotenský plazmatický protein A

A product of the PLACENTA, and DECIDUA, secreted into the maternal circulation during PREGNANCY. It has been identified as an IGF binding protein (IGFBP)-4 protease that proteolyzes IGFBP-4 and thus increases IGF bioavailability. It is found also in human FIBROBLASTS, ovarian FOLLICULAR FLUID, and GRANULOSA CELLS. The enzyme is a heterotetramer of about 500-kDa.
MSH

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Negatieve bekrachtiging

use of coercive stimuli for reduction or prevention of probability of reinforcement.
CSP

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Cortinarius

A genus of mushrooms in the family Cortinariaceae. When ingested, species of Cortinarius cause delayed acute RENAL FAILURE.
MSH

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hlad

The desire for FOOD generated by a sensation arising from the lack of food in the STOMACH.
MSH

normal drive for nutrients; do not confuse with STARVATION.
CSP

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thromboplastin

Constituent composed of protein and phospholipid that is widely distributed in many tissues. It serves as a cofactor with factor VIIa to activate factor X in the extrinsic pathway of blood coagulation.
MSH

coagulation factor important in the formation of extrinsic prothrombin converting principle in the extrinsic pathway of blood coagulation; derived from several sources in the body including brain and lungs.
CSP

Human coagulation factor-III protein (295 aa, 33 kDa precursor) is encoded by the human coagulation factor III (thromboplastin, tissue factor) (F3) gene. The factor is a glycoprotein/phospholipid, which functions as a potent high-affinity transmembrane receptor/cofactor for coagulation factor VII. The protein also plays an important role in blood coagulation.
NCI

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anestézie celková

state of total unconsciousness resulting from anesthetic drugs.
CSP

Actions that render a patient unconscious for the purpose of performing a diagnostic or interventional procedure.
NCI

A temporary loss of feeling and a complete loss of awareness that feels like a very deep sleep. It is caused by special drugs or other substances called anesthetics. General anesthesia keeps patients from feeling pain during surgery or other procedures.
NCI

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lékařské předpisy

Directions written for the obtaining and use of PHARMACEUTICAL PREPARATIONS; MEDICAL DEVICES; corrective LENSES; and a variety of other medical remedies.
MSH

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TUMORE ONAIRE EDO GAIZTOA

New abnormal growth of tissue. Malignant neoplasms show a greater degree of anaplasia and have the properties of invasion and metastasis, compared to benign neoplasms.
MSH

An abnormal mass of tissue that results when cells divide more than they should or do not die when they should. Neoplasms may be benign (not cancer), or malignant (cancer).
NCI

An abnormal tissue growth resulted from uncontrolled cell proliferation. Benign neoplastic cells resemble normal cells without exhibiting significant cytologic atypia, while malignant ones exhibit overt signs such as dysplastic features, atypical mitotic figures, necrosis, nuclear pleomorphism, and anaplasia. Representative examples of benign neoplasms include papillomas, cystadenomas, and lipomas; malignant neoplasms include carcinomas, sarcomas, lymphomas, and leukemias. — 2004 (NCI)
NCI

growth of the tumor after morphology of cell has changed; cells may or may not have transformed to a cancerous state.
CSP

A benign or malignant tissue growth resulting from uncontrolled cell proliferation. Benign neoplastic cells resemble normal cells without exhibiting significant cytologic atypia, while malignant cells exhibit overt signs such as dysplastic features, atypical mitotic figures, necrosis, nuclear pleomorphism, and anaplasia. Representative examples of benign neoplasms include papillomas, cystadenomas, and lipomas; malignant neoplasms include carcinomas, sarcomas, lymphomas, and leukemias.
NCI

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poradenství

The giving of advice and assistance to individuals with educational or personal problems.
MSH

the use of psychological methods in testing the interests of and giving professional guidance to individuals.
CSP

The act of receiving professional guidance in resolving personal conflicts and emotional problems.
NCI

The process by which a professional counselor helps a person cope with mental or emotional distress, and understand and solve personal problems.
NCI

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hydrocefalus normotenzní

A form of compensated hydrocephalus characterized clinically by a slowly progressive gait disorder (see GAIT DISORDERS, NEUROLOGIC), progressive intellectual decline, and URINARY INCONTINENCE. Spinal fluid pressure tends to be in the high normal range. This condition may result from processes which interfere with the absorption of CSF including SUBARACHNOID HEMORRHAGE, chronic MENINGITIS, and other conditions. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp631-3)
MSH

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kyselina 2,4-dichlorfenoxyoctová

An herbicide with irritant effects on the eye and the gastrointestinal system.
MSH

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balónková angioplastika

Dilation of an occluded coronary artery (or arteries) by means of a balloon catheter to restore myocardial blood supply.
MSH

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privilegovaná komunikace

In law, a confidential statement made to a lawyer, physician, pastor, or spouse, which is privileged against disclosure in court if the privilege is claimed by the client, patient, penitent, or spouse. (Bioethics Thesaurus)
MSH

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nefrologie

A subspecialty of internal medicine concerned with the anatomy, physiology, and pathology of the kidney.
MSH

A branch of medicine concerned with the development, anatomy, function, and dysfunction of the kidney.
NCI

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kreatinkinasa – forma MB

An isoenzyme of creatine kinase found in the CARDIAC MUSCLE.
MSH

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kyseliny hydroxybenzoové

Benzoic acid substituted by one or more hydroxy groups in any position on the benzene ring.
MSH

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3-oxoacylsynthasa

An enzyme of long-chain fatty acid synthesis, that adds a two-carbon unit from malonyl-(acyl carrier protein) to another molecule of fatty acyl-(acyl carrier protein), giving a beta-ketoacyl-(acyl carrier protein) with the release of carbon dioxide. EC 2.3.1.41.
MSH

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zvířata transgenní

Experimental organism whose genome has been altered by the transfer of a gene or genes from another species or breed.
NCI

Animals, or the offspring of such animals, into which cloned genetic material has been experimentally transferred by microinjection of foreign DNA, either directly or into embryos or differentiated cell types.
MSH

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Productiviteit

The ratio of the quantity and quality of units produced to the labor per unit of time.
NCI

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netropsin

A basic polypeptide isolated from Streptomyces netropsis. It is cytotoxic and its strong, specific binding to A-T areas of DNA is useful to genetics research.
MSH

basic oligopeptide antibiotic isolated from Streptomyces netropsis; it is cytotoxic and is useful in genetics research because it binds specifically and strongly to adenine-thymine areas of DNA.
CSP

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crossing over (genetika)

reciprocal exchange of material between homologous chromosomes that occurs during meiosis and is responsible for genetic recombination.
CSP

The reciprocal exchange of segments at corresponding positions along pairs of homologous CHROMOSOMES by symmetrical breakage and crosswise rejoining forming cross-over sites (HOLLIDAY JUNCTIONS) that are resolved during CHROMOSOME SEGREGATION. Crossing-over typically occurs during MEIOSIS but it may also occur in the absence of meiosis, for example, with bacterial chromosomes, organelle chromosomes, or somatic cell nuclear chromosomes.
MSH

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