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cinnarizin

A piperazine derivative having histamine H1-receptor and calcium-channel blocking activity with vasodilating and antiemetic properties but it induces PARKINSONIAN DISORDERS.
MSH

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fytochrom

A blue-green biliprotein widely distributed in the plant kingdom.
MSH

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Onemocnění mitrální chlopně

A heart disorder characterized by a defect in mitral valve structure or function.
NCI

A disorder characterized by a defect in mitral valve function or structure.
NCI

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sulpirid

A dopamine D2-receptor antagonist. It has been used therapeutically as an antidepressant, antipsychotic, and as a digestive aid. (From Merck Index, 11th ed)
MSH

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hematologické testy

tests used in the analysis of the hemic system.
CSP

A laboratory test that has blood as its specimen.
NCI

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Klaustrofobie

An irrational fear of being in a confined space.
NCI

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pinealom

Neoplasms which originate from pineal parenchymal cells that tend to enlarge the gland and be locally invasive. The two major forms are pineocytoma and the more malignant pineoblastoma. Pineocytomas have moderate cellularity and tend to form rosette patterns. Pineoblastomas are highly cellular tumors containing small, poorly differentiated cells. These tumors occasionally seed the neuroaxis or cause obstructive HYDROCEPHALUS or Parinaud`s syndrome. GERMINOMA; CARCINOMA, EMBRYONAL; GLIOMA; and other neoplasms may arise in the pineal region with germinoma being the most common pineal region tumor. (From DeVita et al., Cancer: Principles and Practice of Oncology, 5th ed, p2064; Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p670)
MSH

new abnormal pineal body tissue that grows by excessive cellular division and proliferation more rapidly than normal and continues to grow after the stimuli that initiated the new growth cease.
CSP

A neoplasm arising from the pineocyte, a cell with photosensory and neuroendocrine functions. It may be composed of mature elements or primitive, immature cells. The cellular composition determines the biological behavior and clinical outcome. Three types are recognized: pineoblastoma, pineocytoma, and pineal parenchymal tumor of intermediate differentiation (Adapted from WHO.)
NCI

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molekulární sondy

A group of atoms or molecules attached to other molecules or cellular structures and used in studying the properties of these molecules and structures. Radioactive DNA or RNA sequences are used in MOLECULAR GENETICS to detect the presence of a complementary sequence by NUCLEIC ACID HYBRIDIZATION.
MSH

group of atoms or molecules attached to other molecules or cellular structures and used in studying the properties of these molecules and structures.
CSP

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povrchové vlastnosti

Characteristics or attributes of the outer boundaries of objects, including molecules.
MSH

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hemodialyzační jednotky nemocnice

Hospital units in which care is provided the hemodialysis patient. This includes hemodialysis centers in hospitals.
MSH

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klofibrát

A fibric acid derivative used in the treatment of HYPERLIPOPROTEINEMIA TYPE III and severe HYPERTRIGLYCERIDEMIA. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p986)
MSH

fibric acid derivative used in the treatment of hyperlipoproteinemia and hypertriglyceridemia.
CSP

An aryloxyisobutyric acid derivate with antihyperlipidemic activity. Although the exact mechanism of action has not been fully characterized, clofibrate may enhance the conversion of very-low-density lipoprotein (VLDL) to low-density lipoprotein (LDL), decreasing the production of hepatic VLDL, inhibiting cholesterol production, and increasing fecal excretion of neutral sterols. Check for “http://www.cancer.gov/Search/ClinicalTrialsLink.aspx?id=42108&idtype=1″ active clinical trials or “http://www.cancer.gov/Search/ClinicalTrialsLink.aspx?id=42108&idtype=1&closed=1″ closed clinical trials using this agent. (“http://nciterms.nci.nih.gov:80/NCIBrowser/ConceptReport.jsp?dictionary=NCI_Thesaurus&code=C378″ NCI Thesaurus)
PDQ

An aryloxyisobutyric acid derivate with antihyperlipidemic activity. Although the exact mechanism of action has not been fully characterized, clofibrate may enhance the conversion of very-low-density lipoprotein (VLDL) to low-density lipoprotein (LDL), decreasing the production of hepatic VLDL, inhibiting cholesterol production, and increasing fecal excretion of neutral sterols.
NCI

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adenohypofyzární hormony

Hormones secreted by the adenohypophysis (PITUITARY GLAND, ANTERIOR). Structurally, they include polypeptide, protein, and glycoprotein molecules.
MSH

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monoklonální gamapatie nejistého původu

Conditions characterized by the presence of M protein (Monoclonal protein) in serum or urine without clinical manifestations of plasma cell dyscrasia.
MSH

A benign condition in which there is a higher-than-normal level of a protein called M protein in the blood. Patients with MGUS are at an increased risk of developing cancer.
NCI

A plasma cell disorder in which an abnormal amount of a single immunoglobulin is present in the serum. Up to 25% of cases of monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance (MGUS) progress to a B-cell malignancy or myeloma. MGUS may occur in conjunction with various carcinomas, chronic inflammatory and infectious conditions, and other diseases.
NCI

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chirurgická rána – dehiscence

Pathologic process consisting of a partial or complete disruption of the layers of a surgical wound.
MSH

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hemofilie A

The classic hemophilia resulting from a deficiency of factor VIII. It is an inherited disorder of blood coagulation characterized by a permanent tendency to hemorrhage.
MSH

classic hemophilia resulting from a deficiency of factor VIII; an inherited disorder of blood coagulation characterized by a permanent tendency to hemorrhage.
CSP

An inherited deficiency of coagulation factor VIII characterized by the tendency to spontaneous or exaggerated post-traumatic hemorrhage. Inherited as an x-linked recessive disease, hemophilia A is the most common hemophilia, occurring in approximately 1 in 10,000 male births.
NCI

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Paličkovité prsty

An enlargement of the tips of the fingers or toes and a change in the angle where the nails emerge. It occurs when the amount of soft tissue beneath the nail beds increases. It may be idiopathic, hereditary, or associated with a wide range of diseases, including cardiopulmonary disorders and malignant neoplasms.
NCI

An abnormal enlargement of the terminal phalanges accompanied by increased length-wise curvature of the nails, giving the digits a club-like appearance. Clubbing has been noted with a wide variety of conditions, including pulmonary and cardiac diseases, liver disorders, and disorders of the gastrointestinal tract.
NCI

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regulátory růstu rostlin

Any of the hormones produced naturally in plants and active in controlling growth and other functions. There are three primary classes: auxins, cytokinins, and gibberellins.
MSH

any of the hormones produced naturally in plants and active in controlling growth and other functions of the plant, including auxins, cytokinins, and gibberellins.
CSP

plant hormone; any of the hormones produced naturally in plants including plant produced analogs of animal hormones; active in small amounts in controlling growth and other functions at a site remote from the place of production.
CSP

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morfoliny

C4H9NO; a toxic, flammable, colorless liquid used as a solvent, a corrosion inhibitor and a chemical intermediate.
CSP

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sydnony

OXADIAZOLES bearing an oxygen at the 5-position. They are mesoionic, with delocalized positive and negative charges.
MSH

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arteria hepatica

A branch of the celiac artery that distributes to the stomach, pancreas, duodenum, liver, gallbladder, and greater omentum.
MSH

The major blood vessel that carries blood to the liver.
NCI

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švábi

Insects of the order Dictyoptera comprising several families including Blaberidae, BLATTELLIDAE, Blattidae (containing the American cockroach PERIPLANETA americana), Cryptocercidae, and Polyphagidae.
MSH

insects of the order Dictyoptera comprising several families including Blaberidae, Blattellidae, Blattidae (containing the American cockroach, Periplaneta americana), Cryptocercidae, and Polyphagidae.
CSP

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Plasmodium yoelii

A species of PLASMODIUM causing malaria in rodents.
MSH

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ústa – abnormality

Congenital absence of or defects in structures of the mouth.
MSH

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injekční stříkačky

Instruments used for injecting or withdrawing fluids. (Stedman, 25th ed)
MSH

A device for the administration of parenteral drug products that consists of a rigid barrel fitted with septum with a plunger at one end and a seal or needle at the other end. The needle assembly may be part of the device or separate.
NCI

A small hollow tube used for injecting or withdrawing liquids. It may be attached to a needle in order to withdraw fluid from the body or inject drugs into the body.
NCI

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HEPES

A dipolar ionic buffer.
MSH

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nízká teplota

Having less heat energy than the object against which it is compared; the absence of heat.
NCI

An absence of warmth or heat or a temperature notably below an accustomed norm.
MSH

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pleura – nemoci

disease causing increase of the fluid amount in the chest wall cavity
CHV

Your pleura is a large, thin sheet of tissue that wraps around the outside of your lungs and lines the inside of your chest cavity. Between the layers of the pleura is a very thin space. Normally it`s filled with a small amount of fluid. The fluid helps the two layers of the pleura glide smoothly past each other as your lungs breathe air in and out.

Disorders of the pleura include

  • Pleurisy – inflammation of the pleura that causes sharp pain with breathing
  • Pleural effusion – excess fluid in the pleural space
  • Pneumothorax – buildup of air or gas in the pleural space
  • Hemothorax – buildup of blood in the pleural space

Many different conditions can cause pleural problems. Viral infection is the most common cause of pleurisy. The most common cause of pleural effusion is congestive heart failure. Lung diseases, like chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), tuberculosis, and acute lung injury, cause pneumothorax. Injury to the chest is the most common cause of hemothorax. Treatment focuses on removing fluid, air, or blood from the pleural space, relieving symptoms, and treating the underlying condition.

NIH: National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute


MEDLINEPLUS

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Mucorales

An order of zygomycetous fungi, usually saprophytic, causing damage to food in storage, but which may cause respiratory infection or MUCORMYCOSIS in persons suffering from other debilitating diseases.
MSH

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Takayasuova arteriitida

A chronic inflammatory process that affects the AORTA and its primary branches, such as the brachiocephalic artery (BRACHIOCEPHALIC TRUNK) and CAROTID ARTERIES. It results in progressive arterial stenosis, occlusion, and aneurysm formation. The pulse in the arm is hard to detect. Patients with aortitis syndrome often exhibit retinopathy.
MSH

A large vessel vasculitis affecting the aorta and its branches. It usually affects young females. It causes vascular obstruction, resulting in asymmetric pulses.
NCI

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Herpesviridae

family of enveloped DNA viruses; occur in man, cold-blooded vertebrates, and invertebrates; some may induce neoplasia; transmission is usually by contact but it can occur by other routes.
CSP

A family of enveloped, linear, double-stranded DNA viruses infecting a wide variety of animals. Subfamilies, based on biological characteristics, include: ALPHAHERPESVIRINAE; BETAHERPESVIRINAE; and GAMMAHERPESVIRINAE.
MSH

A member of the herpes family of viruses.
NCI

A heterogeneous family of morphologically similar viruses, all of which contain double-stranded DNA and which infect man and a wide variety of other vertebrates. Infections produce type A inclusion bodies; in many instances, infection may remain latent for many years, even in the presence of specific circulating antibodies. Virions are enveloped, ether-sensitive, and vary up to 200 nm in diameter; the nucleocapsids are 100 nm in diameter and of icosahedral symmetry, with 162 capsomeres. The family includes herpes simplex virus, cytomegalovirus, EB virus (all of which infect humans) and many others.
NCI

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