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dusík – radioisotopy

Unstable isotopes of nitrogen that decay or disintegrate emitting radiation. N atoms with atomic weights 12, 13, 16, 17, and 18 are radioactive nitrogen isotopes.
MSH

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tělesné tekutiny – kompartmenty

The two types of spaces between which water and other body fluids are distributed: extracellular and intracellular.
MSH

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leguáni

Large herbivorous tropical American lizards.
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povrchové vlastnosti

Characteristics or attributes of the outer boundaries of objects, including molecules.
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nemoci ucha

Pathological processes of the ear, the hearing, and the equilibrium system of the body.
MSH

impairment of health or a condition of abnormal functioning in the sense organ for hearing and equilibrium.
CSP

Your ear has three main parts: outer, middle and inner. You use all of them in hearing. Sound waves come in through your outer ear. They reach your middle ear, where they make your eardrum vibrate. The vibrations are transmitted through three tiny bones, called ossicles, in your middle ear. The vibrations travel to your inner ear, a snail-shaped organ. The inner ear makes the nerve impulses that are sent to the brain. Your brain recognizes them as sounds. The inner ear also controls balance.

A variety of conditions may affect your hearing or balance. Ear infections are the most common illness in infants and young children. Tinnitus, a roaring in your ears, can be the result of loud noises, medicines or a variety of other causes. Meniere`s disease may be the result of fluid problems in your inner ear; its symptoms include tinnitus and dizziness. Some ear disorders can result in hearing disorders and deafness.


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adenohypofyzární hormony

Hormones secreted by the adenohypophysis (PITUITARY GLAND, ANTERIOR). Structurally, they include polypeptide, protein, and glycoprotein molecules.
MSH

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hluk

Any sound which is unwanted or interferes with HEARING other sounds.
MSH

undesired sound, especially a random mix of different frequencies.
CSP

Any part of a signal that is not the true or original signal but is introduced by the communication mechanism.
NCI

Noise is all around you, from televisions and radios to lawn mowers and washing machines. Harmful sounds – sounds that are too loud or loud sounds over a long time – can damage sensitive structures of the inner ear and cause noise-induced hearing loss.

More than 30 million people in the U.S. are exposed to hazardous sound levels on a regular basis. Hazardous sound levels are louder than 80 decibels, which isn`t as loud as traffic on a busy street. Listening to loud music, especially on headphones, is a common cause of noise-induced hearing loss. Keeping the volume down when listening to music and wearing earplugs when using loud equipment can help protect your hearing.

NIH: National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders


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kostní dřeň

The soft tissue filling the cavities of bones. Bone marrow exists in two types, yellow and red. Yellow marrow is found in the large cavities of large bones and consists mostly of fat cells and a few primitive blood cells. Red marrow is a hematopoietic tissue and is the site of production of erythrocytes and granular leukocytes. Bone marrow is made up of a framework of connective tissue containing branching fibers with the frame being filled with marrow cells.
MSH

soft tissue filling the cavities of bones; exists in two types, yellow and red; yellow marrow is found in the large cavities of large bones and consists mostly of fat cells and a few primitive blood cells; red marrow is a hematopoietic tissue and is the site of production of erythrocytes and granular leukocytes; bone marrow is made up of a framework of connective tissue containing branching fibers with the frame being filled with marrow cells.
CSP

The soft, sponge-like tissue in the center of most bones. It produces white blood cells, red blood cells, and platelets.
NCI

The tissue occupying the spaces of bone. It consists of blood vessel sinuses and a network of hematopoietic cells which give rise to the red cells, white cells, and megakaryocytes. (NCI)
NCI

The tissue occupying the spaces of bone. It consists of blood vessel sinuses and a network of hematopoietic cells which give rise to the red cells, white cells, and megakaryocytes.
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imunoadherenční reakce

A method for the detection of very small quantities of antibody in which the antigen-antibody-complement complex adheres to indicator cells, usually primate erythrocytes or nonprimate blood platelets. The reaction is dependent on the number of bound C3 molecules on the C3b receptor sites of the indicator cell.
MSH

a method for the detection of very small quantities of antibody in which the antigen-antibody-complement complex adheres to indicator cells, usually primate erythrocytes or nonprimate blood platelets; reaction is dependent on the number of bound C3 molecules on the C3b receptor sites of the indicator cell.
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chirurgická rána – dehiscence

Pathologic process consisting of a partial or complete disruption of the layers of a surgical wound.
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echokardiografie dopplerovská pulzní

Echocardiography applying the Doppler effect, with velocity detection combined with range discrimination. Short bursts of ultrasound are transmitted at regular intervals and the echoes are demodulated as they return.
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regulátory růstu rostlin

Any of the hormones produced naturally in plants and active in controlling growth and other functions. There are three primary classes: auxins, cytokinins, and gibberellins.
MSH

any of the hormones produced naturally in plants and active in controlling growth and other functions of the plant, including auxins, cytokinins, and gibberellins.
CSP

plant hormone; any of the hormones produced naturally in plants including plant produced analogs of animal hormones; active in small amounts in controlling growth and other functions at a site remote from the place of production.
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norprogesterony

Progesterones which have undergone ring contraction or which are lacking carbon 18 or 19.
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Borneo

An island in the Malay Archipelago, east of Sumatra, north of Java, and west of Celebes. It is the third largest island in the world. Its name is a Portuguese alteration of BRUNEI, located on it. (From Webster`s New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p163; Room, Brewer`s Dictionary of Names, 1992, p73)
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imunoglobuliny – spínací region

A site located in the INTRONS at the 5` end of each constant region segment of a immunoglobulin heavy-chain gene where recombination (or rearrangement) occur during IMMUNOGLOBULIN CLASS SWITCHING. Ig switch regions are found on genes encoding all five classes (IMMUNOGLOBULIN ISOTYPES) of IMMUNOGLOBULIN HEAVY CHAINS.
MSH

A site on a segment of a B-cell immunoglobulin heavy-chain gene where recombination (or rearrangement) can occur. It is involved in isotype or allotype switching and maturation of the immune response. Ig switch regions are found on genes encoding all five immunoglobulin heavy chains.
NCI

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sydnony

OXADIAZOLES bearing an oxygen at the 5-position. They are mesoionic, with delocalized positive and negative charges.
MSH

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virus ektromelie

A species of ORTHOPOXVIRUS infecting mice and causing a disease that involves internal organs and produces characteristic skin lesions.
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Plasmodium yoelii

A species of PLASMODIUM causing malaria in rodents.
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mozek

The part of CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM that is contained within the skull (CRANIUM). Arising from the NEURAL TUBE, the embryonic brain is comprised of three major parts including PROSENCEPHALON (the forebrain); MESENCEPHALON (the midbrain); and RHOMBENCEPHALON (the hindbrain). The developed brain consists of CEREBRUM; CEREBELLUM; and other structures in the BRAIN STEM.
MSH

Subdivision of neuraxis that consists of neural tissue (which is organized into gray matter and white matter) and the cerebral ventricular system (cavity of organ part); it is embryologically derived from the rostral part of the neural tube; together with the spinal cord, the brain constitutes the organ neuraxis. Examples: There is only one brain.
UWDA

portion of the vertebrate central nervous system that is enclosed within the cranium, continuous with the spinal cord, and composed of gray matter and white matter; the primary center for the regulation and control of bodily activities, receiving and interpreting sensory impulses, and transmitting information to the muscles and body organs; also the seat of consciousness, thought, memory, and emotion; includes the functionally similar portion of the invertebrate nervous system.
CSP

Segment of neuraxis that has as its parts gray matter and white matter that surround the cerebral ventricular system; Examples: There is only one brain.
FMA

An organ composed of grey and white matter containing billions of neurons that is the center for intelligence and reasoning. It is protected by the bony cranium. (NCI)
NCI

An organ composed of grey and white matter containing billions of neurons that is the center for intelligence and reasoning. It is protected by the bony cranium.
NCI

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imunosuprese

Deliberate prevention or diminution of the host`s immune response. It may be nonspecific as in the administration of immunosuppressive agents (drugs or radiation) or by lymphocyte depletion or may be specific as in desensitization or the simultaneous administration of antigen and immunosuppressive drugs.
MSH

deliberate suppression of immune system function for experimental or therapeutic purposes.
CSP

Therapy used to decrease the body`s immune response, such as drugs given to prevent transplant rejection.
NCI

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injekční stříkačky

Instruments used for injecting or withdrawing fluids. (Stedman, 25th ed)
MSH

A device for the administration of parenteral drug products that consists of a rigid barrel fitted with septum with a plunger at one end and a seal or needle at the other end. The needle assembly may be part of the device or separate.
NCI

A small hollow tube used for injecting or withdrawing liquids. It may be attached to a needle in order to withdraw fluid from the body or inject drugs into the body.
NCI

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studium ošetřovatelství – diplomové programy

Programs usually offered in hospital schools of nursing leading to a registered nurse diploma (RN). Graduates are eligible for state examination for licensure as RN (Registered Nurse).
MSH

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pleura – nemoci

disease causing increase of the fluid amount in the chest wall cavity
CHV

Your pleura is a large, thin sheet of tissue that wraps around the outside of your lungs and lines the inside of your chest cavity. Between the layers of the pleura is a very thin space. Normally it`s filled with a small amount of fluid. The fluid helps the two layers of the pleura glide smoothly past each other as your lungs breathe air in and out.

Disorders of the pleura include

  • Pleurisy – inflammation of the pleura that causes sharp pain with breathing
  • Pleural effusion – excess fluid in the pleural space
  • Pneumothorax – buildup of air or gas in the pleural space
  • Hemothorax – buildup of blood in the pleural space

Many different conditions can cause pleural problems. Viral infection is the most common cause of pleurisy. The most common cause of pleural effusion is congestive heart failure. Lung diseases, like chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), tuberculosis, and acute lung injury, cause pneumothorax. Injury to the chest is the most common cause of hemothorax. Treatment focuses on removing fluid, air, or blood from the pleural space, relieving symptoms, and treating the underlying condition.

NIH: National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute


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můstkové sloučeniny

cyclic hydrocarbons that contain multiple rings and share one or more atoms.
CSP

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indeny

A family of fused-ring hydrocarbons isolated from coal tar that act as intermediates in various chemical reactions and are used in the production of coumarone-indene resins.
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Takayasuova arteriitida

A chronic inflammatory process that affects the AORTA and its primary branches, such as the brachiocephalic artery (BRACHIOCEPHALIC TRUNK) and CAROTID ARTERIES. It results in progressive arterial stenosis, occlusion, and aneurysm formation. The pulse in the arm is hard to detect. Patients with aortitis syndrome often exhibit retinopathy.
MSH

A large vessel vasculitis affecting the aorta and its branches. It usually affects young females. It causes vascular obstruction, resulting in asymmetric pulses.
NCI

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eikosanoidy

A class of compounds named after and generally derived from C20 fatty acids (EICOSANOIC ACIDS) that includes PROSTAGLANDINS; LEUKOTRIENES; THROMBOXANES, and HYDROXYEICOSATETRAENOIC ACIDS. They have hormone-like effects mediated by specialized receptors (RECEPTORS, EICOSANOID).
MSH

class of compounds named after and generally derived from C20 fatty acids (eicosanoic acids) that includes prostaglandins, leukotrienes, thromboxanes, and hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acids; they have hormone-like effects mediated by specialized receptors (eicosanoid receptors).
CSP

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pneumoperitoneum

A condition with trapped gas or air in the PERITONEAL CAVITY, usually secondary to perforation of the internal organs such as the LUNG and the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT, or to recent surgery. Pneumoperitoneum may be purposely introduced to aid radiological examination.
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bronchy – nádory

Tumors or cancer of the BRONCHI.
MSH

new abnormal bronchial tissue that grows by excessive cellular division and proliferation more rapidly than normal and continues to grow after the stimuli that initiated the new growth cease.
CSP

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průmysl

The aggregate of manufacturing or technically productive enterprises in a particular field, often named after its principle product, as “the automobile industry”, “the steel industry”. It includes the ownership and management of companies, factories, industrial plants, etc. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)
MSH

aggregate of manufacturing or technically productive enterprises in a particular field, often named after its principle product, as “the mining industry”, “the steel industry”; includes the ownership and management of companies, factories, and industrial plants.
CSP

The people or companies engaged in a particular kind of commercial enterprise; the organized action of making of goods and services for sale.
NCI

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