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Elapidae – jedy

Venoms from snakes of the family Elapidae, including cobras, kraits, mambas, coral, tiger, and Australian snakes. The venoms contain polypeptide toxins of various kinds, cytolytic, hemolytic, and neurotoxic factors, but fewer enzymes than viper or crotalid venoms. Many of the toxins have been characterized.
MSH

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acidobazická rovnováha

The balance between acids and bases in the BODY FLUIDS. The pH (HYDROGEN-ION CONCENTRATION) of the arterial BLOOD provides an index for the total body acid-base balance.
MSH

balance between acids and bases in body fluids; balance is achieved by the offset of the ingestion and production of acidic and basic material and by the amount of acidic and basic material metabolized and excreted by the body.
CSP

In medicine, the state of having the right amount of acid and base in the blood and other body fluids. Keeping a normal acid-base equilibrium is important for the body to work the way it should.
NCI

pH homeostasis is one of numerous control systems that are involved in keeping the body`s internal milieu consistent within a narrow range of variation and are important to the continuation of life. Important homeostatic mechanisms in the maintenance of blood pH include the buffering action of bicarbonate, and the actions of the renal-respiratory system. (from NCI)
NCI

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bronchogenní cysta

A usually spherical cyst, arising as an embryonic out-pouching of the foregut or trachea. It is generally found in the mediastinum or lung and is usually asymptomatic unless it becomes infected.
MSH

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protriptylin

Tricyclic antidepressant similar in action and side effects to IMIPRAMINE. It may produce excitation.
MSH

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novorozenec s nízkou porodní hmotností

An infant having a birth weight of 2500 gm. (5.5 lb.) or less but INFANT, VERY LOW BIRTH WEIGHT is available for infants having a birth weight of 1500 grams (3.3 lb.) or less.
MSH

an infant weighing 5-1/2 pounds or less at birth.
CSP

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elektromagnetická pole

Fields representing the joint interplay of electric and magnetic forces.
MSH

Field of force associated with a moving electric charge and consisting of electric and magnetic fields that are generated at right angles to each other.
NCI

Electric and magnetic fields (EMFs) are areas of energy that surround electrical devices. Power lines, electrical wiring, and appliances produce EMFs. Some people worry about EMF exposure and cancer. A few studies found a link between EMF exposure and a higher risk of childhood leukemia, but the link is weak. Other studies didn`t find a link between EMF exposure and other childhood cancers.

For adults, studies of EMF exposure from power lines and electric blankets show little evidence of a link to cancer. In adults, EMFs may reduce heart rate and interfere with brain electrical activity during sleep. This may or may not affect your health.

Some people worry that wireless and cellular phones cause cancer. They give off radio-frequency energy (RF), a form of electromagnetic radiation. Scientists need to do more research on this before they can say for sure.

NIH: National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences


MEDLINEPLUS

An area of electric and magnetic forces caused by electromagnetic radiation. Researchers are studying whether the electromagnetic fields from power lines, electrical appliances, and wireless and cellular telephones can cause cancer or other harmful health effects.
NCI

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akrodynie

A condition seen primarily in childhood, most often resulting from chronic exposure to MERCURY COMPOUNDS which may result in encephalopathy and POLYNEUROPATHY. Clinical features include pain, swelling and pinkish discoloration of the fingers and toes, weakness in the extremities, extreme irritability, HYPERESTHESIA, and alterations in level of consciousness. (From Menkes, Textbook of Child Neurology, 5th ed, p603)
MSH

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bufotenin

A hallucinogenic serotonin analog found in frog or toad skins, mushrooms, higher plants, and mammals, especially in the brains, plasma, and urine of schizophrenics. Bufotenin has been used as a tool in CNS studies and misused as a psychedelic.
MSH

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pseudopseudohypoparatyreoidismus

A genetically related form of PSEUDOHYPOPARATHYROIDISM characterized by the same features except for the abnormal response to parathyroid hormone.
MSH

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informační teorie

An interdisciplinary study dealing with the transmission of messages or signals, or the communication of information. Information theory does not directly deal with meaning or content, but with physical representations that have meaning or content. It overlaps considerably with communication theory and CYBERNETICS.
MSH

interdisciplinary study dealing with the transmission of messages or signals, or the communication of information; does not directly deal with meaning or content, but with physical representations that have meaning or content; overlaps considerably with communication theory and cybernetics.
CSP

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elefantiáza

Hypertrophy and thickening of the tissues from any cause. Elephantiasis caused by filarial infection is ELEPHANTIASIS, FILARIAL. (From Dorland, 27th ed)
MSH

A condition in which tissue or a limb becomes very swollen and thick, and changes color. It is caused by a block in the flow of lymph and a buildup of fluid in tissues.
NCI

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eutanazie aktivní

The act or practice of killing for reasons of mercy, i.e., in order to release a person or animal from incurable disease, intolerable suffering, or undignified death. (from Beauchamp and Walters, Contemporary Issues in Bioethics, 5th ed)
MSH

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bursa Fabricii

An epithelial outgrowth of the cloaca in birds similar to the thymus in mammals. It atrophies within 6 months after birth and remains as a fibrous remnant in adult birds. It is composed of lymphoid tissue and prior to involution, is the site of B-lymphocyte maturation.
MSH

epithelial outgrowth of the cloaca in birds similar to the thymus in mammals.
CSP

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psychologie klinická

The branch of psychology concerned with psychological methods of recognizing and treating behavior disorders.
MSH

The branch of psychology that deals with the diagnosis and treatment of psychological and behavioral problems.
NCI

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inleje

Restorations of metal, porcelain, or plastic made to fit a cavity preparation, then cemented into the tooth. Onlays are restorations which fit into cavity preparations and overlay the occlusal surface of a tooth or teeth. Onlays are retained by frictional or mechanical factors.
MSH

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urgentní lékařské služby

Services specifically designed, staffed, and equipped for the emergency care of patients.
MSH

If you get very sick or badly hurt and need help right away, you should use emergency medical services. These services use specially trained people and specially equipped facilities.

You may need care in the hospital emergency room (ER). Doctors and nurses there treat emergencies, such as heart attacks and injuries. For some emergencies, you need help where you are. Emergency medical technicians, or EMTs, do specific rescue jobs. They answer emergency calls, drive ambulances and give basic medical care. Some EMTs are paramedics – they have training to do medical procedures on site. They usually drive you to the ER for more care.

If you or someone you know needs emergency care, go to your hospital`s emergency room. If you think the problem is life threatening, call 9-1-1.


MEDLINEPLUS

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adenokarcinom papilární

An adenocarcinoma containing finger-like processes of vascular connective tissue covered by neoplastic epithelium, projecting into cysts or the cavity of glands or follicles. It occurs most frequently in the ovary and thyroid gland. (Stedman, 25th ed)
MSH

A morphologic variant of adenocarcinoma. It is characterized by the presence of a papillary growth pattern. Representative examples include thyroid gland papillary carcinoma, invasive papillary breast carcinoma, and ovarian serous surface papillary adenocarcinoma.
NCI

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mucin 1

A substance found on certain epithelial cells (cells that cover organs, glands, and other body surfaces) and on breast cells involved in making milk. It is also found on tumors of the breast, ovary, lung, and prostate. MUC-1 is a type of tumor marker.
NCI

Carbohydrate antigen elevated in patients with tumors of the breast, ovary, lung, and prostate as well as other disorders. The mucin is expressed normally by most glandular epithelia but shows particularly increased expression in the breast at lactation and in malignancy. It is thus an established serum marker for breast cancer.
MSH

MUC-1 antigen is a mammary-type apomucin, a high molecular weight transmembrane glycoprotein, of which the extracellular domain is formed by a repeating 20 amino acid sequence (in tandem) with a high content of serine and threonine on which are O-linked carbohydrate chains. MUC-1 synthesis and secretion are features of glandular epithelial tissues, and is overexpressed in lactating breast and in breast, ovary, lung, and prostate malignancies. Check for “http://www.cancer.gov/Search/ClinicalTrialsLink.aspx?id=42454&idtype=1″ active clinical trials or “http://www.cancer.gov/Search/ClinicalTrialsLink.aspx?id=42454&idtype=1&closed=1″ closed clinical trials using this agent. (“http://nciterms.nci.nih.gov:80/NCIBrowser/ConceptReport.jsp?dictionary=NCI_Thesaurus&code=C2407″ NCI Thesaurus)
PDQ

MUC-1 antigen is a mammary-type apomucin, a high molecular weight transmembrane glycoprotein, of which the extracellular domain is formed by a repeating 20 amino acid sequence (in tandem) with a high content of serine and threonine on which are O-linked carbohydrate chains. MUC-1 synthesis and secretion are features of glandular epithelial tissues; MUC-1 is overexpressed in lactating breast and in breast, ovary, lung, and prostate malignancies.
NCI

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psychotropní léky

A loosely defined grouping of drugs that have effects on psychological function. Here the psychotropic agents include the antidepressive agents, hallucinogens, and tranquilizing agents (including the antipsychotics and anti-anxiety agents).
MSH

drugs which exert an effect upon the mind; capable of modifying mental activity; usually applied to drugs that affect the mental state.
CSP

A classification of medication that acts on the central nervous system, affecting brain function, level of consciousness, mood, emotions, and behavior.
NCI

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inspirační kapacita

The maximum volume of air that can be inspired after reaching the end of a normal, quiet expiration. It is the sum of the TIDAL VOLUME and the INSPIRATORY RESERVE VOLUME. Common abbreviation is IC.
MSH

The maximum volume of air that can be inspired after reaching the end of a normal, quiet expiration
CHV

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virus východní encefalitidy koňské

A species of ALPHAVIRUS causing encephalomyelitis in Equidae and humans. The virus ranges along the Atlantic seaboard of the United States and Canada and as far south as the Caribbean, Mexico, and parts of Central and South America. Infections in horses show a mortality of up to 90 percent and in humans as high as 80 percent in epidemics.
MSH

species of Alphavirus causing encephalomyelitis in Equidae and humans.
CSP

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adenoviry ptačí

A genus of ADENOVIRIDAE that infects birds. The type species is FOWL ADENOVIRUS A.
MSH

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Calcium Glucarate

The calcium salt form of glucaric acid, a natural substance found in many fruits and vegetables, with potential anti-cancer property. The active metabolite of calcium glucarate, D-Glucaro-1,4-Lactone in vivo, is an inhibitor of beta-Glucuronidase, an enzyme found in certain bacteria residing in the human gut. One of the key processes in which the human body eliminates toxic chemicals as well as hormones (such as estrogen) is by attaching glucuronic acid to them in the liver and then excreting the complex in the bile. When beta-glucuronidase breaks the bond, it prolongs the stay of the hormone or toxic chemical in the body. Elevated beta-glucuronidase activity has been implicated to be associated with an increased risk for hormone-dependent cancers like breast, prostate, and colon cancers. Therefore, supplementing calcium glucarate may suppress the developments of hormone-dependent cancers.
NCI

The calcium salt form of glucaric acid, a natural substance found in many fruits and vegetables, with potential anti-cancer property. The active metabolite of calcium glucarate, D-Glucaro-1,4-Lactone in vivo, is an inhibitor of beta-Glucuronidase, an enzyme found in certain bacteria reside in the human gut. One of the key processes in which human body eliminates toxic chemicals as well as hormones (such as estrogen) is by attaching glucuronic acid to them in the liver and then excreting the complex in the bile. When beta-glucuronidase breaks the bond, it prolongs the stay of the hormone or toxic chemical in the body. Elevated beta-glucuronidase activity has been implicated to be associated with an increased risk for hormone-dependent cancers like breast, prostate, and colon cancers. Thereby, supplementing calcium glucarate may suppress the developments of hormone-dependent cancers. Check for “http://www.cancer.gov/Search/ClinicalTrialsLink.aspx?id=41803&idtype=1″ active clinical trials or “http://www.cancer.gov/Search/ClinicalTrialsLink.aspx?id=41803&idtype=1&closed=1″ closed clinical trials using this agent. (“http://nciterms.nci.nih.gov:80/NCIBrowser/ConceptReport.jsp?dictionary=NCI_Thesaurus&code=C335″ NCI Thesaurus)
PDQ

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plicní alveoly – proteinóza

A PULMONARY ALVEOLI-filling disease, characterized by dense phospholipoproteinaceous deposits in the alveoli, cough, and DYSPNEA. This disease is often related to, congenital or acquired, impaired processing of PULMONARY SURFACTANTS by alveolar macrophages, a process dependent on GRANULOCYTE-MACROPHAGE COLONY-STIMULATING FACTOR.
MSH

unknown etiology marked by chronic filling of alveoli with proteinaceous, lipid-rich, granular material consisting of surfactant and debris of necrotic cells.
CSP

A rare lung disorder characterized by the filling of the pulmonary alveoli with proteinaceous material which stains positive with periodic acid-Schiff stain. It may be idiopathic or secondary due to hematologic malignancies or the inhalation of mineral dusts. Signs and symptoms include dyspnea, cough and low grade fever.
NCI

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pojištění zubní

insurance providing coverage for dental care.
CSP

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endokarditida

Inflammation of the inner lining of the heart (ENDOCARDIUM), the continuous membrane lining the four chambers and HEART VALVES. It is often caused by microorganisms including bacteria, viruses, fungi, and rickettsiae. Left untreated, endocarditis can damage heart valves and become life-threatening.
MSH

exudative and proliferative inflammatory alterations of the endocardium, characterized by the presence of vegetations on the surface of the endocardium or in the endocardium itself, and most commonly involving a heart valve, but sometimes affecting the inner lining of the cardiac chambers or the endocardium elsewhere; may occur as a primary disorder or as a complication of or in association with another disease.
CSP

Endocarditis is an inflammation of your heart`s inner lining. The most common type, bacterial endocarditis, occurs when germs enter your heart. These germs come through your bloodstream from another part of your body, often your mouth. Bacterial endocarditis can damage your heart valves. If untreated, it can be life-threatening. It is rare in healthy hearts.

Risk factors include having

  • An abnormal or damaged heart valve
  • A severe case of mitral valve prolapse
  • An artificial heart valve
  • Certain heart defects

If you have a high risk of bacterial endocarditis, your doctor might prescribe antibiotics before dental work and certain types of surgery.

Early treatment can help you avoid complications. Symptoms you might notice include fever, shortness of breath, fluid buildup in your arms or legs, tiny red spots on your skin and weight loss. Treatment usually involves high-dose antibiotics.


MEDLINEPLUS

Inflammation of the endocardium.
NCI

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adnexa uteri

Appendages of the UTERUS which include the FALLOPIAN TUBES, the OVARY, and the supporting ligaments of the uterus (BROAD LIGAMENT; ROUND LIGAMENT).
MSH

The fallopian tubes, ovaries, and supporting ligaments of the uterus. (MeSH)
NCI

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ependymom

Glioma derived from ependymocytes that tend to present as malignant intracranial tumors in children and as benign intraspinal neoplasms in adults. It may arise from any level of the ventricular system or central canal of the spinal cord. Intracranial ependymomas most frequently originate in the FOURTH VENTRICLE and histologically are densely cellular tumors which may contain ependymal tubules and perivascular pseudorosettes. Spinal ependymomas are usually benign papillary or myxopapillary tumors. (From DeVita et al., Principles and Practice of Oncology, 5th ed, p2018; Escourolle et al., Manual of Basic Neuropathology, 2nd ed, pp28-9)
MSH

gliomas derived from ependymocytes that tend to present as malignant intracranial tumors in children and as benign intraspinal neoplasms in adults; may arise from any level of the ventricular system or central canal of the spinal cord; intracranial ependymomas most frequently originate in the fourth ventricle and histologically are densely cellular tumors which may contain ependymal tubules and perivascular pseudorosettes; spinal ependymomas are usually benign papillary or myxopapillary tumors.
CSP

A type of brain tumor that begins in cells lining the spinal cord central canal (fluid-filled space down the center) or the ventricles (fluid-filled spaces of the brain). Ependymomas may also form in the choroid plexus (tissue in the ventricles that makes cerebrospinal fluid).
NCI

A WHO grade II, slow growing tumor of children and young adults, usually located intraventricularly. It is the most common ependymal neoplasm. It often causes clinical symptoms by blocking cerebrospinal fluid pathways. Key histological features include perivascular pseudorosettes and ependymal rosettes. (WHO) (from WHO)
NCI

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kalorické testy

Elicitation of a rotatory nystagmus by stimulating the semicircular canals with water or air which is above or below body temperature. In warm caloric stimulation a rotatory nystagmus is developed toward the side of the stimulated ear; in cold, away from the stimulated side. Absence of nystagmus indicates the labyrinth is not functioning.
MSH

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paracentéza

A procedure in which fluid is withdrawn from a body cavity via a trocar and cannula, needle, or other hollow instrument.
MSH

A procedure in which a thin needle or tube is put into the abdomen to remove fluid from the peritoneal cavity (the space within the abdomen that contains the intestines, the stomach, and the liver).
NCI

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