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cysteamin

A radiation-protective agent that oxidizes in air to form CYSTAMINE. It can be given intravenously or orally to treat radiation sickness. The bitartrate has been used for the oral treatment of nephropathic cystinosis.
MSH

radiation protective agent that oxidizes in air to form cystamine; can be given intravenously or orally to treat radiation sickness; the bitartrate has been used for the oral treatment of nephropathic cystinosis.
CSP

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hemadsorpce

A phenomenon manifested by an agent or substance adhering to or being adsorbed on the surface of a red blood cell, as tuberculin can be adsorbed on red blood cells under certain conditions. (Stedman, 25th ed)
MSH

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alkoholy

Alkyl compounds containing a hydroxyl group. They are classified according to relation of the carbon atom: primary alcohols, R-CH2OH; secondary alcohols, R2-CHOH; tertiary alcohols, R3-COH. (From Grant & Hackh`s Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)
MSH

compounds of the type ROH; do not confuse with ETHANOL, the specific alcohol found in intoxicating beverages.
CSP

A class of compounds where a hydroxyl (OH) group is attached to single bonded hydrocarbons. Alcohols are classified according to the position of the carbon atom with the attached hydroxyl group (i.e. primary alcohols are alcohols with the OH group attached to the primary carbon atom, C1). Uses include solvents, astringents, and anti-infective activity.
NCI

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glukonát antimonitosodný

Antimony complex where the metal may exist in either the pentavalent or trivalent states. The pentavalent gluconate is used in leishmaniasis. The trivalent gluconate is most frequently used in schistosomiasis.
MSH

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radiační ochrana

measures to reduce exposure to radiation.
CSP

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Study models

representation of a process, system, or subject area that can be manipulated to demonstrate the effects that various actions will have on the process, system, or subject area; generally developed for understanding, analysis, improvement, and/or replacement of the process, system, or subject area.
CSP

A style or design of an item.
NCI

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cytidintrifosfát

Cytidine 5`-(tetrahydrogen triphosphate). A cytosine nucleotide containing three phosphate groups esterified to the sugar moiety.
MSH

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Hematosalpinx

The presence of blood in a fallopian tube.
NCI

A disorder characterized by the presence of blood in a fallopian tube.
NCI

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alkalóza

A pathological condition that removes acid or adds base to the body fluids.
MSH

pathological condition that removes acid or adds base to the body fluids.
CSP

A disorder characterized by abnormally high alkalinity (low hydrogen-ion concentration) of the blood and other body tissues.
NCI

An abnormally high alkalinity (low hydrogen-ion concentration) of the blood and other body tissues.
NCI

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parohy

The horn of an animal of the deer family, typically present only in the male. It differs from the HORNS of other animals in being a solid, generally branched bony outgrowth that is shed and renewed annually. The word antler comes from the Latin anteocularis, ante (before) + oculus (eye). (From Webster, 3d ed)
MSH

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radioimunosorpční test

Radioimmunoassay of proteins using antibody coupled to an immunosorbent.
MSH

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virus Moloneyho myší leukémie

A strain of Murine leukemia virus (LEUKEMIA VIRUS, MURINE) arising during the propagation of S37 mouse sarcoma, and causing lymphoid leukemia in mice. It also infects rats and newborn hamsters. It is apparently transmitted to embryos in utero and to newborns through mother`s milk.
MSH

A murine virus arising during the propagation of S37 mouse sarcoma, and causing lymphoid leukemia in mice. It also infects rats and newborn hamsters and is apparently transmitted vertically to embryos in utero and through mother`s milk. (MeSH)
NCI

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Cytopenie

A condition in which there is a lower-than-normal number of blood cells.
NCI

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hemoglobin H

An abnormal hemoglobin composed of four beta chains. It is caused by the reduced synthesis of the alpha chain. This abnormality results in ALPHA-THALASSEMIA.
MSH

abnormal hemoglobin composed of 4 beta chains, found in alpha thalassemia, and associated with severe hemolytic anemia.
CSP

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alylisopropylacetamid

An allylic compound that acts as a suicide inactivator of CYTOCHROME P450 by covalently binding to its heme moiety or surrounding protein.
MSH

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apatity

A group of phosphate minerals that includes ten mineral species and has the general formula X5(YO4)3Z, where X is usually calcium or lead, Y is phosphorus or arsenic, and Z is chlorine, fluorine, or OH-. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
MSH

family of minerals composed of mutilples of Ca5-(PO4)6-OH; one of the 2 major minerals of bones and teeth, the other being calcium carbonate.
CSP

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Rana catesbeiana

A species of the family Ranidae (true frogs). The only anuran properly referred to by the common name “bullfrog”, it is the largest native anuran in North America.
MSH

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metoda Monte Carlo

In statistics, a technique for numerically approximating the solution of a mathematical problem by studying the distribution of some random variable, often generated by a computer. The name alludes to the randomness characteristic of the games of chance played at the gambling casinos in Monte Carlo. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed, 1993)
MSH

A computing method involving many similar individual, yet randomly differing, calculations. The individual calculations differ due to the introduction of random numbers for some input quantity or quantities. (Dr. Joseph A. Thie)
NCI

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Daphnia

A diverse genus of minute freshwater CRUSTACEA, of the suborder CLADOCERA. They are a major food source for both young and adult freshwater fish.
MSH

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hemoragická horečka dengue

A virulent form of dengue characterized by THROMBOCYTOPENIA and an increase in vascular permeability (grades I and II) and distinguished by a positive pain test (e.g., TOURNIQUET PAIN TEST). When accompanied by SHOCK (grades III and IV), it is called dengue shock syndrome.
MSH

A serious condition caused by Dengue virus infection. Patients present with an acute febrile illness followed by restlessness, irritability, and bleeding. It may lead to hemorrhagic shock and death.
NCI

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alprazolam

A triazolobenzodiazepine compound with antianxiety and sedative-hypnotic actions, that is efficacious in the treatment of PANIC DISORDERS, with or without AGORAPHOBIA, and in generalized ANXIETY DISORDERS. (From AMA Drug Evaluations Annual, 1994, p238)
MSH

8-chloro-1-methyl-6-phenyl-s-triazolo benzodiazepine, has both antidepressant and anxiolytic properties; possible efficacy in alcohol withdrawal therapy; abuse can lead to habituation or addiction.
CSP

a drug used to treat anxiety disorders and panic attacks
CHV

A drug used to treat anxiety disorders and panic attacks. It is being studied in the treatment of nausea and vomiting caused by some cancer treatments. It is a type of benzodiazepine.
NCI

A triazolobenzodiazepine agent with anxiolytic, sedative-hypnotic and anticonvulsant activities. Alprazolam binds to a specific site distinct from the inhibitory neurotransmitter gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) binding site on the benzodiazepine-GABA-A-chloride ionophore receptor complex located in the limbic, thalamic and hypothalamic regions of the central nervous system (CNS). This binding causes an allosteric modification of the receptor and enhances the affinity of GABA to the receptor leading to an increase in the frequency of chloride-channel opening events. This leads to an increase in chloride ion conductance, neuronal hyperpolarization, inhibition of the action potential and leads to a decrease in neuronal excitability. Check for “http://www.cancer.gov/Search/ClinicalTrialsLink.aspx?id=39659&idtype=1″ active clinical trials or “http://www.cancer.gov/Search/ClinicalTrialsLink.aspx?id=39659&idtype=1&closed=1″ closed clinical trials using this agent. (“http://nciterms.nci.nih.gov:80/NCIBrowser/ConceptReport.jsp?dictionary=NCI_Thesaurus&code=C227″ NCI Thesaurus)
PDQ

A triazolobenzodiazepine agent with anxiolytic, sedative-hypnotic and anticonvulsant activities. Alprazolam binds to a specific site distinct from the inhibitory neurotransmitter gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) binding site on the benzodiazepine-GABA-A-chloride ionophore receptor complex located in the limbic, thalamic and hypothalamic regions of the central nervous system (CNS). This binding causes an allosteric modification of the receptor and enhances the affinity of GABA to the receptor leading to an increase in the frequency of chloride-channel opening events. This leads to an increase in chloride ion conductance, neuronal hyperpolarization, inhibition of the action potential and leads to a decrease in neuronal excitability.
NCI

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chuť k jídlu – regulace

Physiologic mechanisms which regulate or control the appetite and food intake.
MSH

Any process which modulates appetite, the desire or physical craving for food. [GOC:add]
GO

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krysy

The common name for the genus Rattus.
MSH

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matky

Female parents, human or animal.
MSH

A female parent.
NCI

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kyseliny dekanové

10-carbon saturated monocarboxylic acids.
MSH

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hepatitida B – antigeny

Antigens of the virion of the HEPATITIS B VIRUS or the Dane particle, its surface (HEPATITIS B SURFACE ANTIGENS), core (HEPATITIS B CORE ANTIGENS), and other associated antigens, including the HEPATITIS B E ANTIGENS.
MSH

antigens of the virion of the Hepatitis B virus or the Dane particle, its surface, core, and other associated antigens, including the hepatitis Be antigens.
CSP

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ambulantní péče

Health care services provided to patients on an ambulatory basis, rather than by admission to a hospital or other health care facility. The services may be a part of a hospital, augmenting its inpatient services, or may be provided at a free-standing facility.
MSH

services rendered by members of the health profession (or under their supervision) for the benefit of patients who come to the hospital or clinic for diagnosis or treatment but do not occupy a bed.
CSP

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pavouci – kousnutí

The effects, both local and systemic, caused by the bite of venomous SPIDERS.
MSH

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receptory cyklického AMP

Cell surface proteins that bind cyclic AMP with high affinity and trigger intracellular changes which influence the behavior of cells. The best characterized cyclic AMP receptors are those of the slime mold Dictyostelium discoideum. The transcription regulator CYCLIC AMP RECEPTOR PROTEIN of prokaryotes is not included nor are the eukaryotic cytoplasmic cyclic AMP receptor proteins which are the regulatory subunits of CYCLIC AMP-DEPENDENT PROTEIN KINASES.
MSH

cell surface receptor found in slime mold Dictyostelium discoideum, where cyclic AMP functions both intra- and extra-cellularly; or, the CRP of E. coli and other systems, a cystolic, DNA-binding protein of the steroid receptor type.
CSP

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pohyb – poruchy

Syndromes which feature DYSKINESIAS as a cardinal manifestation of the disease process. Included in this category are degenerative, hereditary, post-infectious, medication-induced, post-inflammatory, and post-traumatic conditions.
MSH

Imagine if you couldn`t walk normally or get up from a chair, or if parts of your body moved when you didn`t want them to. If you have a movement disorder, you experience these kinds of impaired movement. Dyskinesia is a common symptom of many movement disorders. Dyskinesia results in broken or jerky motions. Tremors are a type of dyskinesia.

Nerve diseases cause many movement disorders, such as Parkinson`s disease. Other causes include injuries, autoimmune diseases, infections and certain medicines. Many movement disorders are inherited, which means they run in families.

Treatment varies by disorder. Medicine can cure some disorders. Others get better when an underlying disease is treated. Often, however, there is no cure. In that case, the goal of treatment is to improve symptoms and relieve pain.


MEDLINEPLUS

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