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Haemophilus influenzae

species of Haemophilus found on the mucous membranes of humans and a variety of animals; the species is further divided into biotypes I through VIII.
CSP

A species of HAEMOPHILUS found on the mucous membranes of humans and a variety of animals. The species is further divided into biotypes I through VIII.
MSH

A species of facultatively anaerobic or aerobic, Gram negative, rod shaped bacteria assigned to the phylum Proteobacteria. This species is nonmotile, catalase and oxidase positive, porphyrin negative, requires both X and V factors to grow in culture, and may be encapsulated or nonencapsulated. H. influenzae is an opportunistic pathogen causing a wide variety of infections including osteomyelitis, meningitis, conjunctivitis and pneumonia.
NCI

Any bacterial organism that can be assigned to the species Haemophilus influenzae.
NCI

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polykání

The act of taking solids and liquids into the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT through the mouth and throat.
MSH

The act of passing something through the mouth and throat into the stomach.
NCI

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Arizona

A state in the southwestern United States. Its capital is Phoenix.
NCI

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sociologie lékařská

The study of the social determinants and social effects of health and disease, and of the social structure of medical institutions or professions.
MSH

The study of individual and group behaviors with respect to health and illness. Medical sociology is concerned with individual and group responses aimed at assessing well-being, maintaining health, acting upon real or perceived illness, interacting with health care systems, and maximizing health in the face of physiologic or functional derangement. It also analyzes the impact of the psychological conditions resulting from our environment on our health.
NCI

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methylortuťné sloučeniny

organic compounds in which mercury is attached to a methyl group.
CSP

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Pathogenicity Aspects

Used with microorganisms, viruses, and parasites for studies of their ability to cause disease in man, animals, or plants.
MSH

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ruka – deformity

Alterations or deviations from normal shape or size which result in a disfigurement of the hand.
MSH

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demethyldiazepam

An intermediate in the metabolism of DIAZEPAM to OXAZEPAM. It may have actions similar to those of diazepam.
MSH

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arteriovenózní malformace

Abnormal formation of blood vessels that shunt arterial blood directly into veins without passing through the CAPILLARIES. They usually are crooked, dilated, and with thick vessel walls. A common type is the congenital arteriovenous fistula. The lack of blood flow and oxygen in the capillaries can lead to tissue damage in the affected areas.
MSH

Arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) are defects in your circulatory system. The circulatory system includes the arteries, veins and capillaries that carry blood to and from the heart. An AVM is a snarled tangle of arteries and veins. It interferes with the blood circulation in an organ. AVMs can happen anywhere, but the ones located in the brain or spinal cord can have effects such as seizures or headaches. However, most people with brain and spinal cord AVMs experience few, if any, significant symptoms.

The cause of AVMs is unknown, though they seem to develop during pregnancy or soon after birth. The greatest danger of an AVM is hemorrhage. Prevention can include surgery or focused irradiation therapy.

NIH: National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke


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sodík dietní

Sodium or sodium compounds used in foods or as a food. The most frequently used compounds are sodium chloride or sodium glutamate.
MSH

sodium or sodium compounds in foods; most frequently used compounds are sodium chloride or sodium glutamate.
CSP

Forms of the element sodium found in foods.
NCI

Table salt is made up of the elements sodium and chlorine – the technical name for salt is sodium chloride. Your body needs some sodium to work properly. It helps with the function of nerves and muscles. It also helps to keep the right balance of fluids in your body. Your kidneys control how much sodium is in your body. If you have too much and your kidneys can`t get rid it, sodium builds up in your blood. This can lead to high blood pressure. High blood pressure can lead to other health problems.

Most people in the U.S. get more sodium in their diets than they need. A key to healthy eating is choosing foods low in salt and sodium. Doctors recommend you eat less than 2.4 grams per day. That equals about 1 teaspoon of table salt a day. Reading food labels can help you see how much sodium is in prepared foods.

NIH: National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute


MEDLINEPLUS

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Mexiko

North American country south of the United States of America.
CSP

A country in Central America, bordering the Caribbean Sea and the Gulf of Mexico, between Belize and the US and bordering the North Pacific Ocean, between Guatemala and the US. (NCI)
NCI

Description:Realm code for use of Mexico


HL7V3.0

A country in Central America, bordering the Caribbean Sea and the Gulf of Mexico, between Belize and the US and bordering the North Pacific Ocean, between Guatemala and the US. (CIA World Factbook 2002)
NCI

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Peace Corps

It was established in 1961 and made an independent agency in 1981. Its mission is to help the people of interested countries in meeting their need for trained men and women, and to help promote better mutual understanding between Americans and citizens of other countries. (United States Government Manual, 2006-2007, pg497)
MSH

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ZEFALEA (ESKL.DOLOR R09,MIGRANA N89)

The symptom of PAIN in the cranial region. It may be an isolated benign occurrence or manifestation of a wide variety of HEADACHE DISORDERS.
MSH

pain in the cranial region that may occur as an isolated and benign symptom or as a manifestation of a wide variety of conditions.
CSP

Oh my aching head! Nearly everyone has had a headache. The most common type of headache is a tension headache. Tension headaches are due to tight muscles in your shoulders, neck, scalp and jaw. They are often related to stress, depression or anxiety. You are more likely to get tension headaches if you work too much, don`t get enough sleep, miss meals or use alcohol.

Other common types of headaches include migraines, cluster headaches and sinus headaches. Most people can feel much better by making lifestyle changes, learning ways to relax and taking pain relievers.

Headaches can have many causes, but serious causes of headaches are rare. Sometimes headaches warn of a more serious disorder. Let your health care provider know if you have sudden, severe headaches. Get medical help right away if you have a headache after a blow to your head, or if you have a headache along with a stiff neck, fever, confusion, loss of consciousness or pain in the eye or ear.

NIH: National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke


MEDLINEPLUS

A disorder characterized by a sensation of marked discomfort in various parts of the head, not confined to the area of distribution of any nerve.
NCI

Pain in various parts of the head, not confined to the area of distribution of any nerve.
NCI

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zubní sklovina

A hard thin translucent layer of calcified substance which envelops and protects the dentin of the crown of the tooth. It is the hardest substance in the body and is almost entirely composed of calcium salts. Under the microscope, it is composed of thin rods (enamel prisms) held together by cementing substance, and surrounded by an enamel sheath. (From Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p286)
MSH

hard, thin, translucent layer of calcified substance that envelops and protects the dentin of the crown of the tooth, almost entirely composed of calcium salts.
CSP

A hard, thin, translucent layer of calcified substance that envelops and protects the dentin of the crown of the tooth. It is the hardest substance in the body and is almost entirely composed of calcium salts.
NCI

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azbest

Asbestos. Fibrous incombustible mineral composed of magnesium and calcium silicates with or without other elements. It is relatively inert chemically and used in thermal insulation and fireproofing. Inhalation of dust causes asbestosis and later lung and gastrointestinal neoplasms.
MSH

fibrous incombustible mineral composed of magnesium and calcium silicates with or without other elements; it is relatively inert chemically and has been used in thermal insulation and fireproofing; inhalation of dust causes asbestosis and later lung and gastrointestinal neoplasms.
CSP

A group of minerals that take the form of tiny fibers. Asbestos has been used as insulation against heat and fire in buildings. Loose asbestos fibers breathed into the lungs can cause several serious diseases, including lung cancer and malignant mesothelioma (cancer found in the lining of the lungs, chest, or abdomen). Asbestos that is swallowed may cause cancer of the gastrointestinal tract.
NCI

Asbestos is the name of a group of minerals with long, thin fibers. It was once used widely as insulation. It also occurs in the environment. Asbestos fibers are so small you can`t see them. Disturbing asbestos can cause fibers to float in the air. When this happens, they are easy to inhale. You breathe out most fibers, but some become lodged in the lungs. Over time, they can build up in the lungs, causing scarring and inflammation. This can eventually affect breathing and lead to disease, such as

  • Asbestosis, or scarring of the lungs that makes it hard to breathe
  • Mesothelioma, a rare cancer that affects the lining of the lungs or abdomen
  • Lung cancer

Lung diseases associated with asbestos usually develop over many years. Smoking cigarettes increases the risk.

Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry


MEDLINEPLUS

One of a number of fibrous magnesium and calcium silicate minerals processed for thermal insulation and fireproofing. Asbestos is considered to be an environmental carcinogen; chronic inhalation of fine asbestos dust causes pulmonary asbestosis and may induce lung neoplasms. Chronic ingestion of asbestos may induce gastrointestinal neoplasms. (NCI04)
NCI

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synové

Description:The player of the role is a male child (of any type) of scoping entity (parent)


HL7V3.0

A male human offspring.
NCI

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Micrococcus

genus of gram positive, spherical bacteria found in soils and fresh water, and frequently on the skin of man and other animals.
CSP

A genus of gram-positive, spherical bacteria found in soils and fresh water, and frequently on the skin of man and other animals.
MSH

A genus of spherical, Gram-positive bacteria in the phylum Actinobacteria.
NCI

Any bacteria that is not assigned to the species level but can be assigned to the Micrococcus genus level.
NCI

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pemfigoid sliznice benigní

A chronic blistering disease with predilection for mucous membranes and less frequently the skin, and with a tendency to scarring. It is sometimes called ocular pemphigoid because of conjunctival mucous membrane involvement.
MSH

A chronic autoimmune disorder characterized by the development of blisters and ulcers in mucous membranes. It affects most often the gums, eyelids and genital mucosa sites.
NCI

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zdravotnická politika

Decisions, usually developed by government policymakers, for determining present and future objectives pertaining to the health care system.
MSH

information leading to decisions on the formation of policies pertaining to the health care system.
CSP

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zubní náhrady

An appliance used as an artificial or prosthetic replacement for missing teeth and adjacent tissues. It does not include CROWNS; DENTAL ABUTMENTS; nor TOOTH, ARTIFICIAL.
MSH

appliance used as an artificial or prosthetic replacement for missing teeth and adjacent tissues; does not include crowns, dental abutments, nor artificial tooth.
CSP

An appliance used as an artificial or prosthetic replacement for missing teeth and adjacent tissues.
NCI

Dentures are false teeth made to replace teeth you have lost. Dentures can be complete or partial. Complete dentures cover your entire upper or lower jaw. Partials replace one or a few teeth.

Advances in dentistry have made many improvements in dentures. They are more natural looking and comfortable than they used to be. But they still may feel strange at first. In the beginning, your dentist may want to see you often to make sure the dentures fit. Over time, your mouth will change and your dentures may need to be adjusted or replaced. Be sure to let your dentist handle these adjustments.

Speaking and eating may feel different with dentures. Be careful when wearing dentures because they may make it harder for you to feel hot foods and liquids. Also, you may not notice things like bones in your mouth.

NIH: National Institute on Aging


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dehydrogenasa aspartokinasy homoserinu

An enzyme complex consisting of aspartokinase, EC 2.7.2.4, and homoserine dehydrogenase, EC 1.1.1.3. The complex has been isolated from E. coli and consists of four identical subunits with a molecular weight of 85,000. The enzyme complex is involved in the biosynthesis of amino acids of the aspartate family.
MSH

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specializace

An occupation limited in scope to a subsection of a broader field.
MSH

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mikrosféry

Small uniformly-sized spherical particles, of micrometer dimensions, frequently labeled with radioisotopes or various reagents acting as tags or markers.
MSH

A very tiny, hollow, round particle made from glass, ceramic, plastic, or other materials. Microspheres injected into blood vessels that feed a tumor may kill the tumor by blocking its blood supply. They can also be filled with a substance that may help kill more tumor cells.
NCI

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pentany

Five-carbon saturated hydrocarbon group of the methane series. Include isomers and derivatives.
MSH

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srdce – zástava umělá

A procedure to stop the contraction of MYOCARDIUM during HEART SURGERY. It is usually achieved with the use of chemicals (CARDIOPLEGIC SOLUTIONS) or cold temperature (such as chilled perfusate).
MSH

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zubní lékařství záchovné

That phase of clinical dentistry concerned with the restoration of parts of existing teeth that are defective through disease, trauma, or abnormal development, to the state of normal function, health, and esthetics, including preventive, diagnostic, biological, mechanical, and therapeutic techniques, as well as material and instrument science and application. (Jablonski`s Dictionary of Dentistry, 2d ed, p237)
MSH

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Astrovirus

genus of small, circular RNA viruses in the family Astroviridae; they cause gastroenteritis and are found in the stools of several vertebrates including humans; transmission is by the fecal-oral route.
CSP

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řeč – měření tvorby

Measurement of parameters of the speech product such as vocal tone, loudness, pitch, voice quality, articulation, resonance, phonation, phonetic structure and prosody.
MSH

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Milk of Calcium

Densely calcified fluid, most often found radiographically in association with an obstruction.
NCI

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peptidy – faktory ukončení

Proteins that are involved in the peptide chain termination reaction (PEPTIDE CHAIN TERMINATION, TRANSLATIONAL) on RIBOSOMES. They include codon-specific class-I release factors, which recognize stop signals (TERMINATOR CODON) in the MESSENGER RNA; and codon-nonspecific class-II release factors.
MSH

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