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Brunej

An independent sultanate on the northeast coast of Borneo. Its chief products are oil and natural gas. Its name is Hindi, coming from the Sanskrit bhumi, land or region. It gave its name Brunei to Borneo. (From Webster`s New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p183 & Room, Brewer`s Dictionary of Names, 1992, p82)
MSH

A country in Southeastern Asia, bordering the South China Sea and Malaysia. (NCI)
NCI

A country in Southeastern Asia, bordering the South China Sea and Malaysia.
NCI

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malpighické kanálky

Slender tubular or hairlike excretory structures found in insects. They emerge from the alimentary canal between the mesenteron (midgut) and the proctodeum (hindgut).
MSH

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myšlení

mental activity, not predominantly perceptual, by which one apprehends some aspect of an object or situation based on past learning and experience.
CSP

Mental activity, not predominantly perceptual, by which one apprehends some aspect of an object or situation based on past learning and experience. (On-line Medical Dictionary)
NCI

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anestetika celková

Agents that induce various degrees of analgesia; depression of consciousness, circulation, and respiration; relaxation of skeletal muscle; reduction of reflex activity; and amnesia. There are two types of general anesthetics, inhalation and intravenous. With either type, the arterial concentration of drug required to induce anesthesia varies with the condition of the patient, the desired depth of anesthesia, and the concomitant use of other drugs. (From AMA Drug Evaluations Annual, 1994, p.173)
MSH

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prednimustin

Ester of CHLORAMBUCIL and PREDNISOLONE used as a combination alkylating agent and synthetic steroid to treat various leukemias and other neoplasms. It causes gastrointestinal and bone marrow toxicity.
MSH

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elektroforéza v agarovém gelu

Electrophoresis in which agar or agarose gel is used as the diffusion medium.
MSH

A type of electrophoresis that uses a matrix of highly purified agar to separate large molecules.
NCI

Electrophoresis, Agaorse gel


HL7V3.0

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Bunyaviridae

large family of RNA viruses; vertebrates and arthropods are the natural hosts; transmission is by a variety of arthropod vectors including mosquitos and ticks; aerosol infection can also occur.
CSP

A family of viruses, mainly arboviruses, consisting of a single strand of RNA. Virions are enveloped particles 90-120 nm diameter. The complete family contains over 300 members arranged in five genera: ORTHOBUNYAVIRUS; HANTAVIRUS; NAIROVIRUS; PHLEBOVIRUS; and TOSPOVIRUS.
MSH

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manipulace ortopedická

The planned and carefully managed manual movement of the musculoskeletal system, extremities, and spine to produce increased motion. The term is sometimes used to denote a precise sequence of movements of a joint to determine the presence of disease or to reduce a dislocation. In the case of fractures, orthopedic manipulation can produce better position and alignment of the fracture. (From Blauvelt & Nelson, A Manual of Orthopaedic Terminology, 5th ed, p264)
MSH

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thiouridin

A photoactivable URIDINE analog that is used as an affinity label.
MSH

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geny syntetické

Biologically functional sequences of DNA chemically synthesized in vitro.
MSH

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těhotenský plazmatický protein A

A product of the PLACENTA, and DECIDUA, secreted into the maternal circulation during PREGNANCY. It has been identified as an IGF binding protein (IGFBP)-4 protease that proteolyzes IGFBP-4 and thus increases IGF bioavailability. It is found also in human FIBROBLASTS, ovarian FOLLICULAR FLUID, and GRANULOSA CELLS. The enzyme is a heterotetramer of about 500-kDa.
MSH

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embolie

Blocking of a blood vessel by an embolus which can be a blood clot or other undissolved material in the blood stream.
MSH

blocking of a blood vessel by a blood clot or foreign matter that has been transported from a distant site by the blood stream.
CSP

A block in an artery caused by blood clots or other substances, such as fat globules, infected tissue, or cancer cells.
NCI

blockage of vessel with an object carried through blood circulation
CHV

The blockage of a blood vessel lumen by air or solid material such as blood clot or other tissues (e.g., adipose tissue, cancer cells) that have migrated from another anatomic site.
NCI

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hýždě

Either of the fleshy mounds in the rear pelvic area of the human body formed by the gluteal muscles.
NCI

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Marfanův syndrom

An autosomal dominant disorder of CONNECTIVE TISSUE with abnormal features in the heart, the eye, and the skeleton. Cardiovascular manifestations include MITRAL VALVE PROLAPSE, dilation of the AORTA, and aortic dissection. Other features include lens displacement (ectopia lentis), disproportioned long limbs and enlarged DURA MATER (dural ectasia). Marfan syndrome is associated with mutations in the gene encoding fibrillin, a major element of extracellular microfibrils of connective tissue.
MSH

disorder of connective tissue characterized by tall stature, elongated extremities, subluxation of the lens, dilatation of the ascending aorta, and “pigeon breast”; inherited as an autosomal dominant trait.
CSP

A genetic syndrome inherited as an autosomal dominant trait. It is caused by mutations in the FBN1 gene. It is characterized by tall stature, elongated extremities, mitral valve prolapse, aortic dilatation, aortic dissection, and sublaxation of the lens.
NCI

Marfan syndrome is a disorder that affects connective tissue. Connective tissues are proteins that support skin, bones, blood vessels and other organs. One of these proteins is fibrillin. A problem with the fibrillin gene causes Marfan syndrome.

Marfan syndrome can be mild to severe, and the symptoms can vary. People with Marfan syndrome are often very tall, thin and loose jointed. Most people with Marfan syndrome have heart and blood vessel problems, such as a weakness in the aorta or heart valves that leak. They may also have problems with their bones, eyes, skin, nervous system and lungs.

NIH: National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases


MEDLINEPLUS

A hereditary disorder of connective tissue characterized by tall stature, elongated extremities, dilatation of the ascending aorta, and pigeon breast.
CHV

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thromboplastin

Constituent composed of protein and phospholipid that is widely distributed in many tissues. It serves as a cofactor with factor VIIa to activate factor X in the extrinsic pathway of blood coagulation.
MSH

coagulation factor important in the formation of extrinsic prothrombin converting principle in the extrinsic pathway of blood coagulation; derived from several sources in the body including brain and lungs.
CSP

Human coagulation factor-III protein (295 aa, 33 kDa precursor) is encoded by the human coagulation factor III (thromboplastin, tissue factor) (F3) gene. The factor is a glycoprotein/phospholipid, which functions as a potent high-affinity transmembrane receptor/cofactor for coagulation factor VII. The protein also plays an important role in blood coagulation.
NCI

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gentamiciny

A complex of three different closely related aminoglycoside sulfates, Gentamicins C1, C2, and C1(subA), obtained from Micromonospora purpurea and related species. They are broad-spectrum antibiotics, but may cause ear and kidney damage. They act to inhibit protein synthesis (GENETIC TRANSLATION).
MSH

complex of three different closely related aminoglycoside sulfates, obtained from Micromonospora purpurea and related species; broad-spectrum antibiotics; may cause ear and kidney damage; they act to inhibit protein synthesis.
CSP

a kind of antibiotics
CHV

A broad – aminoglycoside antibiotic produced by fermentation of Micromonospora purpurea or M. echinospora. Gentamicin is an antibiotic complex consisting of four major (C1, C1a, C2, and C2a) and several minor components. This agent irreversibly binds to the bacterial 30S ribosomal subunit. Specifically, this antibiotic is lodged between 16S rRNA and S12 protein within the 30S subunit. This leads to interference with translational initiation complex, misreading of mRNA, thereby hampering protein synthesis and resulting in bactericidal effect. Aminoglycosides are mostly ineffective against anaerobic bacteria, fungi and viruses.
NCI

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lékařské předpisy

Directions written for the obtaining and use of PHARMACEUTICAL PREPARATIONS; MEDICAL DEVICES; corrective LENSES; and a variety of other medical remedies.
MSH

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zaměstnanci – disciplína

Regulations or conditions imposed on employees by management in order to correct or prevent behaviors which are counterproductive to the organization.
MSH

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kalkaneus

The largest of the TARSAL BONES which is situated at the lower and back part of the FOOT, forming the HEEL.
MSH

The irregular and largest tarsal bone that forms the heel.
NCI

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mastektomie

Surgery to remove the breast (or as much of the breast tissue as possible).
NCI

A mastectomy is surgery to remove a breast. It is performed either to treat or to prevent breast cancer. Only high-risk patients have surgery to prevent cancer. There are four main types:

  • Total mastectomy – removal of breast tissue and nipple
  • Modified radical mastectomy – removal of the breast, most of the lymph nodes under the arm and often the lining over the chest muscles
  • Lumpectomy – surgery to remove the tumor and a small amount of normal tissue around it
  • Radical mastectomy – the removal of the breast, lymph nodes and chest muscles. This is no longer common

Which surgery you have depends on the stage of cancer, size of the tumor, size of the breast and whether the lymph nodes are involved. Many women have breast reconstruction to rebuild the breast after a mastectomy.

NIH: National Cancer Institute


MEDLINEPLUS

Surgical removal of the breast.
NCI

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kyselina 2,4-dichlorfenoxyoctová

An herbicide with irritant effects on the eye and the gastrointestinal system.
MSH

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gesta

Movement of a part of the body for the purpose of communication.
MSH

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privilegovaná komunikace

In law, a confidential statement made to a lawyer, physician, pastor, or spouse, which is privileged against disclosure in court if the privilege is claimed by the client, patient, penitent, or spouse. (Bioethics Thesaurus)
MSH

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encefalomalacie

Softening or loss of brain tissue following CEREBRAL INFARCTION; cerebral ischemia (see BRAIN ISCHEMIA), infection, CRANIOCEREBRAL TRAUMA, or other injury. The term is often used during gross pathologic inspection to describe blurred cortical margins and decreased consistency of brain tissue following infarction. Multicystic encephalomalacia refers to the formation of multiple cystic cavities of various sizes in the cerebral cortex of neonates and infants following injury, most notably perinatal hypoxia-ischemic events. (From Davis et al., Textbook of Neuropathology, 2nd ed, p665; J Neuropathol Exp Neurol, 1995 Mar;54(2):268-75)
MSH

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proteiny vážící vápník

Proteins to which calcium ions are bound. They can act as transport proteins, regulator proteins, or activator proteins. They typically contain EF HAND MOTIFS.
MSH

proteins which bind calcium ions; can act as transport proteins, regulator proteins, or activator proteins.
CSP

Calcium Binding Proteins typically belong to the same evolutionary family and often share an EF-hand calcium-binding domain that consists of a 12 residue loop flanked on both sides by a 12 residue alpha-helical domain; the calcium ion is coordinated with oxygen of Glu or Asp residues in a pentagonal bipyramidal configuration. Reversible binding of calcium with proteins often supports protein structure or induces an alteration of protein activity in enzymatic or cell signaling cascades. Calcium is essential for maintenance of a normal heartbeat and for normal cell functions. It also plays a role in blood coagulation and in many enzymatic processes.
NCI

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maternofetální výměna látek

Exchange of substances between the maternal blood and the fetal blood at the PLACENTA via PLACENTAL CIRCULATION. The placental barrier excludes microbial or viral transmission.
MSH

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3-oxoacylsynthasa

An enzyme of long-chain fatty acid synthesis, that adds a two-carbon unit from malonyl-(acyl carrier protein) to another molecule of fatty acyl-(acyl carrier protein), giving a beta-ketoacyl-(acyl carrier protein) with the release of carbon dioxide. EC 2.3.1.41.
MSH

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kóma – Glasgowská stupnice

A scale that assesses the response to stimuli in patients with craniocerebral injuries. The parameters are eye opening, motor response, and verbal response.
MSH

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Productiviteit

The ratio of the quantity and quality of units produced to the labor per unit of time.
NCI

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endolymfa

The lymph fluid found in the membranous labyrinth of the ear. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
MSH

Transudate contained within the membranous labyrinth.
UWDA

lymph fluid found in the membranous labyrinth of the ear.
CSP

Transudate contained within the membranous labyrinth.
FMA

The bodily fluid that fills the membranous labyrinth of the inner ear.
NCI

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