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pseudogeny

Genes bearing close resemblance to known genes at different loci, but rendered non-functional by additions or deletions in structure that prevent normal transcription or translation. When lacking introns and containing a poly-A segment near the downstream end (as a result of reverse copying from processed nuclear RNA into double-stranded DNA), they are called processed genes.
MSH

inactive but stable components of the genome derived from mutations of ancestral genes; probably account for a significant amount of the so-called “junk DNA” that comprises most of the genome of eukaryotes.
CSP

Nonfunctional DNA sequences that are very similar to the sequences of known genes. Many seem to have arisen as functional gene duplications that subsequently underwent mutation and loss of function. Others are structurally similar to mRNA and seem to have arisen by a reverse transcription event followed by integration into the genome. Some pseudogenes are transcribed and may play a role in regulation of its homologous gene.
NCI

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Antazoline Phosphate

The phosphate salt of antazoline, an ethylenediamine derivative with histamine H1 antagonistic and sedative properties. Antazoline antagonizes histamine H1 receptor and prevents the typical allergic symptoms caused by histamine activities on capillaries, skin, mucous membranes, gastrointestinal and bronchial smooth muscles. These histamine activities include vasodilation, bronchoconstriction, increased vascular permeability, pain, itching, and spasmodic contractions of gastrointestinal smooth muscles. Antazoline is used to provide symptomatic relieve of allergic symptoms.
NCI

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MONONUKLEOSI ZOLDURAGARRIA

A common, acute infection usually caused by the Epstein-Barr virus (HERPESVIRUS 4, HUMAN). There is an increase in mononuclear white blood cells and other atypical lymphocytes, generalized lymphadenopathy, splenomegaly, and occasionally hepatomegaly with hepatitis.
MSH

acute disease characterized by fever and swollen lymph nodes and an abnormal increase of mononuclear leucocytes or monocytes in the bloodstream; not highly contagious; some believe it can be transmitted by kissing.
CSP

Infectious mononucleosis, or "mono", is an infection caused by the Epstein-Barr virus. The virus spreads through saliva, which is why it`s sometimes called "kissing disease." Mono occurs most often in 15 to 17-year-olds. However, you can get it at any age. Symptoms of mono include

  • Fever
  • Sore throat
  • Swollen lymph glands

Sometimes you may also have a swollen spleen. Serious problems are rare.

A blood test can show if you have mono. Most people get better in two to four weeks. However, you may feel tired for a few months afterward. Treatment focuses on helping symptoms and includes medicines for pain and fever, warm salt water gargles and plenty of rest and fluids.


MEDLINEPLUS

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aktinium

Actinium. A trivalent radioactive element and the prototypical member of the actinide family. It has the atomic symbol Ac, atomic number 89, and atomic weight 227.0278. Its principal isotope is 227 and decays primarily by beta-emission.
MSH

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kuldoskopie

Endoscopic examination, therapy or surgery of the female pelvic viscera by means of an endoscope introduced into the pelvic cavity through the posterior vaginal fornix.
MSH

Endoscopic examination of a woman`s pelvic organs using a culdoscope inserted through the vagina.
NCI

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psychoakustika

The science pertaining to the interrelationship of psychologic phenomena and the individual`s response to the physical properties of sound.
MSH

science pertaining to the interrelationship of psychologic phenomena and the response to the physical properties of sound.
CSP

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protivředové látky

Various agents with different action mechanisms used to treat or ameliorate PEPTIC ULCER or irritation of the gastrointestinal tract. This has included ANTIBIOTICS to treat HELICOBACTER INFECTIONS; HISTAMINE H2 ANTAGONISTS to reduce GASTRIC ACID secretion; and ANTACIDS for symptomatic relief.
MSH

class of agents, exclusive of the antibacterial agents, used to treat ulcers in the stomach and the upper part of the small intestine.
CSP

Natural or synthetic Anti-ulcer Agents relieve and reduce the symptoms of ulcers in the stomach and upper small intestine, systemically and locally, by reducing gastric secretion (proton pump inhibitors), neutralizing hyperacidity (alkalinizing agents), or improving healing and protecting the mucosa (sucralfate). Recurrent gastric and duodenal ulcers caused by Helicobacter pylori infections are treated with antibiotic therapy.
NCI

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injekce epidurální

The injection of drugs, most often analgesics, into the spinal canal without puncturing the dura mater.
MSH

Injection, epidural


HL7V3.0

Injection, peridural


HL7V3.0

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protein přenášející acyl

Consists of a polypeptide chain and 4`-phosphopantetheine linked to a serine residue by a phosphodiester bond. Acyl groups are bound as thiol esters to the pantothenyl group. Acyl carrier protein is involved in every step of fatty acid synthesis by the cytoplasmic system.
MSH

small subunits of mitochondrial fatty acid synthase complex that covalently bind the growing fatty acid and carry it through the course of synthesis.
CSP

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cyklandelát

A direct-acting smooth muscle relaxant used to dilate blood vessels. It may cause gastrointestinal distress and tachycardia.
MSH

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psychofyziologické poruchy

A group of disorders characterized by physical symptoms that are affected by emotional factors and involve a single organ system, usually under AUTONOMIC NERVOUS SYSTEM control. (American Psychiatric Glossary, 1988)
MSH

characterized by physical symptoms and demonstrable structural or physiological changes in which emotional factors are believed to play a major etiologic role.
CSP

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antikodon

The sequential set of three nucleotides in TRANSFER RNA that interacts with its complement in MESSENGER RNA, the CODON, during translation in the ribosome.
MSH

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hmyz – kontrola

The reduction or regulation of the population of noxious, destructive, or dangerous insects through chemical, biological, or other means.
MSH

reduction or regulation of the population of noxious, destructive, or dangerous insects through chemical, biological, or other means.
CSP

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adenosindifosfát

Adenosine 5`-(trihydrogen diphosphate). An adenine nucleotide containing two phosphate groups esterified to the sugar moiety at the 5`-position.
MSH

adenine nucleotide containing two phosphate groups esterified to the sugar moiety at the 5`-position that is converted to ATP for energy for storage.
CSP

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Cyprinidae

A family of freshwater fish comprising the minnows or CARPS.
MSH

any of various freshwater fish of the family Cyprinidae.
CSP

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veřejné zdravotnictví – řízení

Management of public health organizations or agencies.
MSH

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antigeny povrchové

Antigens on surfaces of cells, including infectious or foreign cells or viruses. They are usually protein-containing groups on cell membranes or walls and may be isolated.
MSH

antigens on surfaces of cells, including infectious or foreign cells or viruses; usually protein-containing groups on cell membranes or walls.
CSP

Antigens on surfaces of cells, including infectious or foreign cells or viruses. They are usually protein-containing groups on cell membranes or walls and may be isolated.
NCI

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insulinové infúzní systémy

Portable or implantable devices for infusion of insulin. Includes open-loop systems which may be patient-operated or controlled by a pre-set program and are designed for constant delivery of small quantities of insulin, increased during food ingestion, and closed-loop systems which deliver quantities of insulin automatically based on an electronic glucose sensor.
MSH

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poruchy přizpůsobení

Maladaptive reactions to identifiable psychosocial stressors occurring within a short time after onset of the stressor. They are manifested by either impairment in social or occupational functioning or by symptoms (depression, anxiety, etc.) that are in excess of a normal and expected reaction to the stressor.
MSH

A condition in which a person responds to a stressful event (such as an illness, job loss, or divorce) with extreme emotions and actions that cause problems at work and home.
NCI

A category of psychiatric disorders which are characterized by emotional or behavioral symptoms that develop within 3 months of a stressor and do not persist for more than an additional 6 months after the stressor is no longer present.
NCI

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cystinóza

A metabolic disease characterized by the defective transport of CYSTINE across the lysosomal membrane due to mutation of a membrane protein cystinosin. This results in cystine accumulation and crystallization in the cells causing widespread tissue damage. In the KIDNEY, nephropathic cystinosis is a common cause of RENAL FANCONI SYNDROME.
MSH

lysosomal storage disorders of unknown molecular defect, characterized by widespread deposition of cystine crystals in reticuloendothelial cells.
CSP

An autosomal recessive hereditary disorder characterized by defective transportation of cystine across the lysosomal membranes and systemic deposition of cystine crystals in the body. It is associated with slight increase of the plasma cystine, cystinuria, aminoaciduria, glycosuria, polyuria, hypophosphatemia, rickets, and renal tubular dysfunction. –2004
NCI

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arteria pulmonalis – stenóza subvalvulární

Narrowing below the PULMONARY VALVE or well below it in the infundibuluar chamber where the pulmonary artery originates, usually caused by a defective VENTRICULAR SEPTUM or presence of fibrous tissues. It is characterized by restricted blood outflow from the RIGHT VENTRICLE into the PULMONARY ARTERY, exertional fatigue, DYSPNEA, and chest discomfort.
MSH

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antipyretika

agent that relieves or reduces fever.
CSP

Drugs that are used to reduce body temperature in fever.
MSH

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inteligence

The ability to learn and to deal with new situations and to deal effectively with tasks involving abstractions.
MSH

having the capacity to acquire thought and reason and apply knowledge.
CSP

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nadledvinová kůra – nádory

Tumors or cancers of the ADRENAL CORTEX.
MSH

A benign or malignant (primary or metastatic) neoplasm affecting the adrenal cortex. (NCI05)
NCI

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epidermodysplasia verruciformis

An autosomal recessive trait with impaired cell-mediated immunity. About 15 human papillomaviruses are implicated in associated infection, four of which lead to skin neoplasms. The disease begins in childhood with red papules and later spreads over the body as gray or yellow scales.
MSH

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cytodiagnostika

Diagnosis of the type and, when feasible, the cause of a pathologic process by means of microscopic study of cells in an exudate or other form of body fluid. (Stedman, 26th ed)
MSH

diagnosis of the type and, when feasible, the cause of a pathologic process by means of microscopic study of cells in an exudate or other form of body fluid.
CSP

A diagnostic test utilized to examine and define cellular anatomy or function. The test results are often used by a clinician to diagnose disease or disordered function.
NCI

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puromycin

A cinnamamido ADENOSINE found in STREPTOMYCES alboniger. It inhibits protein synthesis by binding to RNA. It is an antineoplastic and antitrypanosomal agent and is used in research as an inhibitor of protein synthesis.
MSH

antibiotic produced by Streptomyces alboniger, used as an antineoplastic and antitrypanosomal agent and in research as an inhibitor of protein synthesis.
CSP

An aminoglycoside antibiotic isolated from the bacterium Streptomyces alboniger. Acting as an analog of the 3` terminal end of aminoacyl-tRNA, puromycin incorporates itself into a growing polypeptide chain and causes its premature termination, thereby inhibiting protein synthesis. This agent has antimicrobial, antitrypanosomal, and antineoplastic properties; it is used as an antibiotic in cell culture. (NCI04)
NCI

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Boog, aorta-

The curved section of the aorta between the ascending and the descending tracts. The brachiocephalic, left common carotid and left subclavian arteries branch from the aorta at this section. (NCI)
NCI

The curved section of the aorta between the ascending and the descending tracts. The brachiocephalic, left common carotid and left subclavian arteries branch from the aorta at this section.
NCI

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intermitentní klaudikace

A symptom complex characterized by pain and weakness in SKELETAL MUSCLE group associated with exercise, such as leg pain and weakness brought on by walking. Such muscle limpness disappears after a brief rest and is often relates to arterial STENOSIS; muscle ISCHEMIA; and accumulation of LACTATE.
MSH

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Klebsiella pneumoniae

gram negative, non motile, capsulated, gas producing rods found widely in nature and associated with urinary and respiratory infections in humans.
CSP

Gram-negative, non-motile, capsulated, gas-producing rods found widely in nature and associated with urinary and respiratory infections in humans.
MSH

A species of facultatively anaerobic, Gram negative, rod shaped bacteria assigned to the phylum Proteobacteria. This species is nonmotile, oxidase negative, and produces acid from glucose, mannitol, rhamnose, arabinose and amygdalin. K. ozaenae is pathogenic and a causative agent of ozena/atrophic rhinitis.
NCI

Any bacterial organism that can be assigned to the species Klebsiella pneumoniae.
NCI

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