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Klebsiella pneumoniae

gram negative, non motile, capsulated, gas producing rods found widely in nature and associated with urinary and respiratory infections in humans.
CSP

Gram-negative, non-motile, capsulated, gas-producing rods found widely in nature and associated with urinary and respiratory infections in humans.
MSH

A species of facultatively anaerobic, Gram negative, rod shaped bacteria assigned to the phylum Proteobacteria. This species is nonmotile, oxidase negative, and produces acid from glucose, mannitol, rhamnose, arabinose and amygdalin. K. ozaenae is pathogenic and a causative agent of ozena/atrophic rhinitis.
NCI

Any bacterial organism that can be assigned to the species Klebsiella pneumoniae.
NCI

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kyčel – fraktury

Fractures of the FEMUR HEAD; the FEMUR NECK; (FEMORAL NECK FRACTURES); the trochanters; or the inter- or subtrochanteric region. Excludes fractures of the acetabulum and fractures of the femoral shaft below the subtrochanteric region (FEMORAL FRACTURES).
MSH

breaks or rupture in bones or cartilages of the hip; for fractures of the femoral shaft below the subtrochanteric region use LIMB FRACTURE.
CSP

A finding of traumatic injury to the hip in which the continuity of either the femoral head, femoral neck, intertrochanteric or subtrochanteric regions is broken.
NCI

Traumatic or pathological injury to the hip in which the continuity of either the femoral head, femoral neck, intertrochanteric or subtrochanteric regions is broken. Symptoms include pain in the hip or groin, bruising and swelling in and around the hip area. The injured hip is turned outward and the leg appears shorter on that side.
NCI

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pyranteltartrát

Broad spectrum anthelmintic for livestock.
MSH

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Mycoplasmatales

order of highly pleomorphic, gram negative bacteria including both pathogenic and saprophytic species.
CSP

An order of highly pleomorphic, gram-negative bacteria including both pathogenic and saprophytic species.
MSH

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rohovka

The transparent anterior portion of the fibrous coat of the eye consisting of five layers: stratified squamous CORNEAL EPITHELIUM; BOWMAN MEMBRANE; CORNEAL STROMA; DESCEMET MEMBRANE; and mesenchymal CORNEAL ENDOTHELIUM. It serves as the first refracting medium of the eye. It is structurally continuous with the SCLERA, avascular, receiving its nourishment by permeation through spaces between the lamellae, and is innervated by the ophthalmic division of the TRIGEMINAL NERVE via the ciliary nerves and those of the surrounding conjunctiva which together form plexuses. (Cline et al., Dictionary of Visual Science, 4th ed)
MSH

transparent part of the coat of the eyeball that covers the iris and pupil and admits light to the interior.
CSP

The transparent part of the eye that covers the iris and the pupil and allows light to enter the inside.
NCI

A dome-shaped, transparent, avascular tissue covering the front of the eye. It is composed of five layers: squamous epithelium, Bowman`s membrane, stroma, Descemet`s membrane, and endothelium. Refraction of light contributing to eye`s focusing ability is its characteristic function. It contains unmyelinated nerve endings which are responsible for the high sensitivity of the tissue. (NCI)
NCI

A dome-shaped, transparent, avascular tissue covering the front of the eye. It is composed of five layers: squamous epithelium, Bowman`s membrane, stroma, Descemet`s membrane, and endothelium. Refraction of light contributing to eye`s focusing ability is its characteristic function. It contains unmyelinated nerve endings which are responsible for the high sensitivity of the tissue.
NCI

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agamaglobulinémie

An immunologic deficiency state characterized by an extremely low level of generally all classes of gamma-globulin in the blood.
MSH

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histokompatibilita – antigeny

A group of antigens that includes both the major and minor histocompatibility antigens. The former are genetically determined by the major histocompatibility complex. They determine tissue type for transplantation and cause allograft rejections. The latter are systems of allelic alloantigens that can cause weak transplant rejection.
MSH

group of antigens that includes major histocompatibility antigens, genetically determined by the major histocompatibility complex, which determine tissue type for transplantation and cause allograft rejection; and minor histocompatibility antigens, systems of allelic alloantigens that can cause weak transplant rejection.
CSP

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androstendion

A delta-4 C19 steroid that is produced not only in the TESTIS, but also in the OVARY and the ADRENAL CORTEX. Depending on the tissue type, androstenedione can serve as a precursor to TESTOSTERONE as well as ESTRONE and ESTRADIOL.
MSH

delta-4 C19 steroid that is produced in the testes, ovaries and adrenal cortex and can serve as a precursor to testosterone as well as estrone and estradiol.
CSP

a kind of male sex hormone
CHV

A steroid hormone synthesized by the adrenal glands and the gonads from either 17-alpha-hydroxyprogesterone or dehydroepiandrosterone and is a precursor of testosterone.
NCI

A potent androgenic prohormone that is a direct precursor of testosterone and used as a supplement to increase plasma testosterone levels and muscle anabolism. (NCI)
NCI

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pyronin

Xanthene dye used as a bacterial and biological stain. Synonyms: Pyronin; Pyronine G; Pyronine Y. Use also for Pyronine B. which is diethyl-rather than dimethylamino-.
MSH

Dye and chemical solution stains for medical purposes are mixtures of synthetic or natural dyes or nondye chemicals in solutions used in staining cells and tissues for diagnostic histopathology, cytopathology, or hematology.
SPN

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myoklonus

Involuntary shock-like contractions, irregular in rhythm and amplitude, followed by relaxation, of a muscle or a group of muscles. This condition may be a feature of some CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM DISEASES; (e.g., EPILEPSY, MYOCLONIC). Nocturnal myoclonus is the principal feature of the NOCTURNAL MYOCLONUS SYNDROME. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp102-3).
MSH

shock-like contraction of a portion of a muscle, an entire muscle, or a group of muscles; may be part of a disease process or a normal physiological response.
CSP

A sudden, brief, strong contraction of a muscle or group of muscles that cannot be controlled.
NCI

A sudden, involuntary contraction of a muscle or group of muscles; these movements may develop as a symptom of a number of neurological diseases including epilepsy, Parkinson`s disease, Alzheimer`s disease, or Creutzfeldt-Jacob disease.
NCI

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Cortinarius

A genus of mushrooms in the family Cortinariaceae. When ingested, species of Cortinarius cause delayed acute RENAL FAILURE.
MSH

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ainhum

Spontaneous autoamputation of the fourth or fifth toe.
MSH

Spontaneous autoamputation of a digit, usually the fifth toe. It results from the formation of a fibrotic band which constricts the full radius of the digit and eventually causes the spontaneous autoamputation.
NCI

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HIV séroprevalence

Studies of the number of cases where human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is present in a specific population at a designated time. The presence in a given individual is determined by the finding of HIV antibodies in the serum (HIV SEROPOSITIVITY).
MSH

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anestézie celková

state of total unconsciousness resulting from anesthetic drugs.
CSP

Actions that render a patient unconscious for the purpose of performing a diagnostic or interventional procedure.
NCI

A temporary loss of feeling and a complete loss of awareness that feels like a very deep sleep. It is caused by special drugs or other substances called anesthetics. General anesthesia keeps patients from feeling pain during surgery or other procedures.
NCI

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kvalita – kontrola

A system for verifying and maintaining a desired level of quality in a product or process by careful planning, use of proper equipment, continued inspection, and corrective action as required. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)
MSH

The operational techniques and activities undertaken within the quality assurance system to verify that the requirements for quality of the trial related activities have been fulfilled. [ICH]
NCI

Set of measurements and inspections taken to verify that performance of equipment and procedures remains within specified limits. (Dr. Joseph A. Thie)
NCI

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HIPOTIROIDISMOA/MISOEDEMA

A condition characterized by a dry, waxy type of swelling (EDEMA) with abnormal deposits of MUCOPOLYSACCHARIDES in the SKIN and other tissues. It is caused by a deficiency of THYROID HORMONES. The skin becomes puffy around the eyes and on the cheeks. The face is dull and expressionless with thickened nose and lips.
MSH

condition characterized by a dry, waxy type of swelling with abnormal deposits of mucin in the skin and other tissues; it is produced by a functional insufficiency of the thyroid gland, resulting in deficiency of thyroid hormone.
CSP

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poradenství

The giving of advice and assistance to individuals with educational or personal problems.
MSH

the use of psychological methods in testing the interests of and giving professional guidance to individuals.
CSP

The act of receiving professional guidance in resolving personal conflicts and emotional problems.
NCI

The process by which a professional counselor helps a person cope with mental or emotional distress, and understand and solve personal problems.
NCI

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albuminurie

The presence of albumin in the urine, an indicator of KIDNEY DISEASES.
MSH

presence of albumin in the urine; an indicator of kidney disease.
CSP

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chrapot

An unnaturally deep or rough quality of voice.
MSH

Harsh and raspy voice secondary to laryngeal infection, voice overuse, irritants inhalation, vocal cord paralysis, vocal cord polyps, and malignant neoplasms arising from or spreading to the larynx.
NCI

A disorder characterized by harsh and raspy voice arising from or spreading to the larynx.
NCI

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balónková angioplastika

Dilation of an occluded coronary artery (or arteries) by means of a balloon catheter to restore myocardial blood supply.
MSH

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virus rabies

The type species of LYSSAVIRUS causing rabies in humans and other animals. Transmission is mostly by animal bites through saliva. The virus is neurotropic multiplying in neurons and myotubes of vertebrates.
MSH

bullet shaped RNA virus; one of the most neurotropic of the viruses; etiologic agent of rabies.
CSP

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nafoxidin

An estrogen antagonist that has been used in the treatment of breast cancer.
MSH

A triphenylethylene nonsteroidal agent that acts as a partial estrogen antagonist. Nafoxidine competes with endogenous estrogen for binding to specific estrogen receptors. This agent also inhibits angiogenesis in some tissues by blocking the effects of fibroblast growth factor (FGF) and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF); paradoxically, it may enhance angiogenesis in uterine tissue. Nafoxidine also induces oxidative stress, protein kinase C and calcium signaling. (NCI04)
NCI

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kreatinkinasa – forma MB

An isoenzyme of creatine kinase found in the CARDIAC MUSCLE.
MSH

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aleutská choroba norků

A slow progressive disease of mink caused by the ALEUTIAN MINK DISEASE VIRUS. It is characterized by poor reproduction, weight loss, autoimmunity, hypergammaglobulinemia, increased susceptibility to bacterial infections, and death from renal failure. The disease occurs in all color types, but mink which are homozygous recessive for the Aleutian gene for light coat color are particularly susceptible.
MSH

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hlísti oblí – infekce

Infection of humans or animals with hookworms other than those caused by the genus Ancylostoma or Necator, for which the specific terms ANCYLOSTOMIASIS and NECATORIASIS are available.
MSH

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zvířata transgenní

Experimental organism whose genome has been altered by the transfer of a gene or genes from another species or breed.
NCI

Animals, or the offspring of such animals, into which cloned genetic material has been experimentally transferred by microinjection of foreign DNA, either directly or into embryos or differentiated cell types.
MSH

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radioaktivní odpad

Liquid, solid, or gaseous waste resulting from mining of radioactive ore, production of reactor fuel materials, reactor operation, processing of irradiated reactor fuels, and related operations, and from use of radioactive materials in research, industry, and medicine. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
MSH

liquid, solid, or gaseous waste resulting from mining of radioactive ore, production of reactor fuel materials, reactor operation, and from use of radioactive materials in research, industry and medicine.
CSP

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naproxen

An anti-inflammatory agent with analgesic and antipyretic properties. Both the acid and its sodium salt are used in the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis and other rheumatic or musculoskeletal disorders, dysmenorrhea, and acute gout.
MSH

6-methoxy-alpha-methyl-2-naphthaleneacetic acid; nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drug (NSAID); acts by inhibiting cyclooxygenase and thus prostaglandin synthesis; tocolytic oxytocin antagonist.
CSP

a drug that relieves pain, inflammation, and fever
CHV

A drug used to treat mild pain and the symptoms of arthritis and several other conditions. It is also being studied in the treatment of bone pain in patients with cancer. Naprosyn stops the body from making substances that cause pain and inflammation. It is a type of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) and a type of cyclooxygenase inhibitor.
NCI

A propionic acid derivative and a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) with anti-inflammatory, antipyretic and analgesic activities. Naproxen inhibits the activity of the enzymes cyclo-oxygenase I and II, resulting in a decreased formation of precursors of prostaglandins and thromboxanes. The resulting decrease in prostaglandin synthesis is responsible for the therapeutic effects of naproxen. Naproxen also causes a decrease in the formation of thromboxane A2 synthesis, by thromboxane synthase, thereby inhibiting platelet aggregation. Check for “http://www.cancer.gov/Search/ClinicalTrialsLink.aspx?id=40222&idtype=1″ active clinical trials or “http://www.cancer.gov/Search/ClinicalTrialsLink.aspx?id=40222&idtype=1&closed=1″ closed clinical trials using this agent. (“http://nciterms.nci.nih.gov:80/NCIBrowser/ConceptReport.jsp?dictionary=NCI_Thesaurus&code=C680″ NCI Thesaurus)
PDQ

A propionic acid derivative and a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) with anti-inflammatory, antipyretic and analgesic activities. Naproxen inhibits the activity of the enzymes cyclo-oxygenase I and II, resulting in a decreased formation of precursors of prostaglandins and thromboxanes. The resulting decrease in prostaglandin synthesis is responsible for the therapeutic effects of naproxen. Naproxen also causes a decrease in the formation of thromboxane A2 synthesis, by thromboxane synthase, thereby inhibiting platelet aggregation.
NCI

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crossing over (genetika)

reciprocal exchange of material between homologous chromosomes that occurs during meiosis and is responsible for genetic recombination.
CSP

The reciprocal exchange of segments at corresponding positions along pairs of homologous CHROMOSOMES by symmetrical breakage and crosswise rejoining forming cross-over sites (HOLLIDAY JUNCTIONS) that are resolved during CHROMOSOME SEGREGATION. Crossing-over typically occurs during MEIOSIS but it may also occur in the absence of meiosis, for example, with bacterial chromosomes, organelle chromosomes, or somatic cell nuclear chromosomes.
MSH

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alergologie a imunologie

A medical specialty concerned with the hypersensitivity of the individual to foreign substances and protection from the resultant infection or disorder.
MSH

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