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Micrococcus

genus of gram positive, spherical bacteria found in soils and fresh water, and frequently on the skin of man and other animals.
CSP

A genus of gram-positive, spherical bacteria found in soils and fresh water, and frequently on the skin of man and other animals.
MSH

A genus of spherical, Gram-positive bacteria in the phylum Actinobacteria.
NCI

Any bacteria that is not assigned to the species level but can be assigned to the Micrococcus genus level.
NCI

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afibrinogenémie

A deficiency or absence of fibrinogen (coagulation factor I) in the blood. (Dorland, 27th ed)
MSH

deficiency or absence of fibrinogen (coagulation factor I) in the blood.
CSP

A usually inherited blood coagulation disorder characterized by the lack of fibrinogen in the blood, resulting in bleeding.
NCI

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zdravotnická politika

Decisions, usually developed by government policymakers, for determining present and future objectives pertaining to the health care system.
MSH

information leading to decisions on the formation of policies pertaining to the health care system.
CSP

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pyrilamin

A histamine H1 antagonist. It has mild hypnotic properties and some local anesthetic action and is used for allergies (including skin eruptions) both parenterally and locally. It is a common ingredient of cold remedies.
MSH

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kobamidy

biologically active form of vitamin B12, in which the cyanide counterion has been replaced by an adenine nucleoside.
CSP

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mikrosféry

Small uniformly-sized spherical particles, of micrometer dimensions, frequently labeled with radioisotopes or various reagents acting as tags or markers.
MSH

A very tiny, hollow, round particle made from glass, ceramic, plastic, or other materials. Microspheres injected into blood vessels that feed a tumor may kill the tumor by blocking its blood supply. They can also be filled with a substance that may help kill more tumor cells.
NCI

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agmatin

Decarboxylated arginine, isolated from several plant and animal sources, e.g., pollen, ergot, herring sperm, octopus muscle.
MSH

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srdce – zástava umělá

A procedure to stop the contraction of MYOCARDIUM during HEART SURGERY. It is usually achieved with the use of chemicals (CARDIOPLEGIC SOLUTIONS) or cold temperature (such as chilled perfusate).
MSH

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pyruvátkinasa

ATP:pyruvate 2-O-phosphotransferase. A phosphotransferase that catalyzes reversibly the phosphorylation of pyruvate to phosphoenolpyruvate in the presence of ATP. It has four isozymes (L, R, M1, and M2). Deficiency of the enzyme results in hemolytic anemia. EC 2.7.1.40.
MSH

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coenuróza

a rare infection caused by larvae of the dog tapeworm
CHV

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Milk of Calcium

Densely calcified fluid, most often found radiographically in association with an obstruction.
NCI

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akinetický mutismus

A syndrome characterized by a silent and inert state without voluntary motor activity despite preserved sensorimotor pathways and vigilance. Bilateral FRONTAL LOBE dysfunction involving the anterior cingulate gyrus and related brain injuries are associated with this condition. This may result in impaired abilities to communicate and initiate motor activities. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p348; Fortschr Neurol Psychiatr 1995 Feb;63(2):59-67)
MSH

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podpůrné srdeční systémy

Small pumps, often implantable, designed for temporarily assisting the heart, usually the left ventricle, to pump blood; they consist of a pumping chamber and a power source, which may be partially or totally external to the body and activated by electromagnetic motors; the devices are used after myocardial infarction or to wean the repaired heart from the heart-lung machine after open-heart surgery.
MSH

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chinin

An alkaloid derived from the bark of the cinchona tree. It is used as an antimalarial drug, and is the active ingredient in extracts of the cinchona that have been used for that purpose since before 1633. Quinine is also a mild antipyretic and analgesic and has been used in common cold preparations for that purpose. It was used commonly and as a bitter and flavoring agent, and is still useful for the treatment of babesiosis. Quinine is also useful in some muscular disorders, especially nocturnal leg cramps and myotonia congenita, because of its direct effects on muscle membrane and sodium channels. The mechanisms of its antimalarial effects are not well understood.
MSH

quinine ascorbate is listed by USP as a smoking deterrent.
CSP

A quinidine alkaloid isolated from the bark of the cinchona tree. Quinine has many mechanisms of action, including reduction of oxygen intake and carbohydrate metabolism; disruption of DNA replication and transcription via DNA intercalation; and reduction of the excitability of muscle fibers via alteration of calcium distribution. This agent also inhibits the drug efflux pump P-glycoprotein which is overexpressed in multi-drug resistant tumors and may improve the efficacy of some antineoplastic agents. Check for “http://www.cancer.gov/Search/ClinicalTrialsLink.aspx?id=41253&idtype=1″ active clinical trials or “http://www.cancer.gov/Search/ClinicalTrialsLink.aspx?id=41253&idtype=1&closed=1″ closed clinical trials using this agent. (“http://nciterms.nci.nih.gov:80/NCIBrowser/ConceptReport.jsp?dictionary=NCI_Thesaurus&code=C794″ NCI Thesaurus)
PDQ

A quinidine alkaloid isolated from the bark of the cinchona tree. Quinine has many mechanisms of action, including reduction of oxygen intake and carbohydrate metabolism; disruption of DNA replication and transcription via DNA intercalation; and reduction of the excitability of muscle fibers via alteration of calcium distribution. This agent also inhibits the drug efflux pump P-glycoprotein which is overexpressed in multi-drug resistant tumors and may improve the efficacy of some antineoplastic agents. (NCI04)
NCI

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kolistin

Cyclic polypeptide antibiotic from Bacillus colistinus. It is composed of Polymyxins E1 and E2 (or Colistins A, B, and C) which act as detergents on cell membranes. Colistin is less toxic than Polymyxin B, but otherwise similar; the methanesulfonate is used orally.
MSH

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mise a misionáři

To be used for articles pertaining to medical activities carried out by personnel in institutions which are administered by a religious organization.
MSH

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alkoholy

Alkyl compounds containing a hydroxyl group. They are classified according to relation of the carbon atom: primary alcohols, R-CH2OH; secondary alcohols, R2-CHOH; tertiary alcohols, R3-COH. (From Grant & Hackh`s Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)
MSH

compounds of the type ROH; do not confuse with ETHANOL, the specific alcohol found in intoxicating beverages.
CSP

A class of compounds where a hydroxyl (OH) group is attached to single bonded hydrocarbons. Alcohols are classified according to the position of the carbon atom with the attached hydroxyl group (i.e. primary alcohols are alcohols with the OH group attached to the primary carbon atom, C1). Uses include solvents, astringents, and anti-infective activity.
NCI

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hemadsorpce

A phenomenon manifested by an agent or substance adhering to or being adsorbed on the surface of a red blood cell, as tuberculin can be adsorbed on red blood cells under certain conditions. (Stedman, 25th ed)
MSH

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radiační ochrana

measures to reduce exposure to radiation.
CSP

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kolon – polypy

Discrete tissue masses that protrude into the lumen of the COLON. These POLYPS are connected to the wall of the colon either by a stalk, pedunculus, or by a broad base.
MSH

adenomatous colon polyps are considered to be precursor lesions of colon cancer.
CSP

A polyp is an extra piece of tissue that grows inside your body. Colonic polyps grow in the large intestine, or colon. Most polyps are not dangerous. However, some polyps may turn into cancer or already be cancer. To be safe, doctors remove polyps and test them. Polyps can be removed when a doctor examines the inside of the large intestine during a colonoscopy.

Anyone can get polyps, but certain people are more likely than others. You may have a greater chance of getting polyps if you

  • Are over age 50
  • Have had polyps before
  • Have a family member with polyps
  • Have a family history of colon cancer

Most colon polyps do not cause symptoms. If you have symptoms, they may include blood on your underwear or on toilet paper after a bowel movement, blood in your stool, or constipation or diarrhea lasting more than a week.

NIH: National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive Diseases


MEDLINEPLUS

an extra piece of tissue that grows in the large intestine, or colon
CHV

Abnormal growths of tissue in the lining of the bowel. Polyps are a risk factor for colon cancer.
NCI

This is a descriptive term referring of a mass of tissue that bulges or projects into the lumen of the colon. The mass is macroscopically visible and may either have a broad base attachment to the colon wall, or be on a pedunculated stalk. These may be benign or malignant.
NCI

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Study models

representation of a process, system, or subject area that can be manipulated to demonstrate the effects that various actions will have on the process, system, or subject area; generally developed for understanding, analysis, improvement, and/or replacement of the process, system, or subject area.
CSP

A style or design of an item.
NCI

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alkalóza

A pathological condition that removes acid or adds base to the body fluids.
MSH

pathological condition that removes acid or adds base to the body fluids.
CSP

A disorder characterized by abnormally high alkalinity (low hydrogen-ion concentration) of the blood and other body tissues.
NCI

An abnormally high alkalinity (low hydrogen-ion concentration) of the blood and other body tissues.
NCI

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Hematosalpinx

The presence of blood in a fallopian tube.
NCI

A disorder characterized by the presence of blood in a fallopian tube.
NCI

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radioimunosorpční test

Radioimmunoassay of proteins using antibody coupled to an immunosorbent.
MSH

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ARNAS IBILBIDE GARAIETAKO ZOLDURA/ HOTZALDI ARRUNTA

A catarrhal disorder of the upper respiratory tract, which may be viral or a mixed infection. It generally involves a runny nose, nasal congestion, and sneezing.
MSH

catarrhal disorder of the upper respiratory tract, which may be viral or a mixed infection; marked by acute coryza, slight rise in temperature, chilly sensations, and general indisposition.
CSP

Sneezing, sore throat, a stuffy nose, coughing – everyone knows the symptoms of the common cold. It is probably the most common illness. In the course of a year, people in the United States suffer 1 billion colds.

You can get a cold by touching your eyes or nose after you touch surfaces with cold germs on them. You can also inhale the germs. Symptoms usually begin 2 or 3 days after infection and last 2 to 14 days. Washing your hands and staying away from people with colds will help you avoid colds.

There is no cure for the common cold. For relief, try

  • Getting plenty of rest
  • Drinking fluids
  • Gargling with warm salt water
  • Using cough drops or throat sprays
  • Taking over-the-counter pain or cold medicines

However, do not give aspirin to children. And do not give cough medicine to children under four.

NIH: National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases


MEDLINEPLUS

An inflammatory process affecting the nasal mucosa, usually caused by viruses (e.g., rhinovirus, adenovirus, parainfluenza virus, and coronavirus). It is characterized by chills, headaches, mucopurulent nasal discharge, coughing, and facial pain.
NCI

A disorder characterized by an infectious process involving the nasal mucosal.
NCI

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virus Moloneyho myší leukémie

A strain of Murine leukemia virus (LEUKEMIA VIRUS, MURINE) arising during the propagation of S37 mouse sarcoma, and causing lymphoid leukemia in mice. It also infects rats and newborn hamsters. It is apparently transmitted to embryos in utero and to newborns through mother`s milk.
MSH

A murine virus arising during the propagation of S37 mouse sarcoma, and causing lymphoid leukemia in mice. It also infects rats and newborn hamsters and is apparently transmitted vertically to embryos in utero and through mother`s milk. (MeSH)
NCI

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alylisopropylacetamid

An allylic compound that acts as a suicide inactivator of CYTOCHROME P450 by covalently binding to its heme moiety or surrounding protein.
MSH

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hemoglobin H

An abnormal hemoglobin composed of four beta chains. It is caused by the reduced synthesis of the alpha chain. This abnormality results in ALPHA-THALASSEMIA.
MSH

abnormal hemoglobin composed of 4 beta chains, found in alpha thalassemia, and associated with severe hemolytic anemia.
CSP

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Rana catesbeiana

A species of the family Ranidae (true frogs). The only anuran properly referred to by the common name “bullfrog”, it is the largest native anuran in North America.
MSH

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komplement C1

The first complement component to act in the activation of CLASSICAL COMPLEMENT PATHWAY. It is a calcium-dependent trimolecular complex made up of three subcomponents: COMPLEMENT C1Q; COMPLEMENT C1R; and COMPLEMENT C1S at 1:2:2 ratios. When the intact C1 binds to at least two antibodies (involving C1q), C1r and C1s are sequentially activated, leading to subsequent steps in the cascade of COMPLEMENT ACTIVATION.
MSH

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