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regionální zdravotnické plánování

Planning for health resources at a regional or multi-state level.
MSH

planning for health resources at a regional or multi state level.
CSP

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ethylbiskumacetát

A coumarin that is used as an anticoagulant. It has actions similar to those of WARFARIN. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p226)
MSH

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amyloid

A fibrous protein complex that consists of proteins folded into a specific cross beta-pleated sheet structure. This fibrillar structure has been found as an alternative folding pattern for a variety of functional proteins. Deposits of amyloid in the form of AMYLOID PLAQUES are associated with a variety of degenerative diseases. The amyloid structure has also been found in a number of functional proteins that are unrelated to disease.
MSH

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komplement C1

The first complement component to act in the activation of CLASSICAL COMPLEMENT PATHWAY. It is a calcium-dependent trimolecular complex made up of three subcomponents: COMPLEMENT C1Q; COMPLEMENT C1R; and COMPLEMENT C1S at 1:2:2 ratios. When the intact C1 binds to at least two antibodies (involving C1q), C1r and C1s are sequentially activated, leading to subsequent steps in the cascade of COMPLEMENT ACTIVATION.
MSH

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jejunostomie

Surgical formation of an opening through the ABDOMINAL WALL into the JEJUNUM, usually for enteral hyperalimentation.
MSH

Surgical creation of an external opening into the jejunum.
NCI

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pomoc v nouzi

Assistance, such as money, food, or shelter, given to the needy, aged, or victims of disaster. It is usually granted on a temporary basis. (From The American Heritage Dictionary, 2d college ed)
MSH

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etretinát

An oral retinoid used in the treatment of keratotic genodermatosis, lichen planus, and psoriasis. Beneficial effects have also been claimed in the prophylaxis of epithelial neoplasia. The compound may be teratogenic.
MSH

A synthetic oral retinoid that is a prodrug of acitretin. Etretinate activates retinoid receptors, causing an induction of cell differentiation, inhibition of cell proliferation, and inhibition of tissue infiltration by inflammatory cells. Etretinate is no longer commercially available in the U.S. due to the extended potential for teratogenic effects related to its long half-life. (NCI04)
NCI

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anaplasmóza

A disease of cattle caused by parasitization of the red blood cells by bacteria of the genus ANAPLASMA.
MSH

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Complement Receptor Type 1

Complement receptor type 1 (2039 aa, ~224 kDa) is encoded by the human CR1 gene. This protein is involved in complement activation.
NCI

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Macropus

A genus of kangaroos, wallabies, and wallaroos.
MSH

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represorové proteiny

Proteins which maintain the transcriptional quiescence of specific GENES or OPERONS. Classical repressor proteins are DNA-binding proteins that are normally bound to the OPERATOR REGION of an operon, or the ENHANCER SEQUENCES of a gene until a signal occurs that causes their release.
MSH

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Exertion

Physical or mental energy; hard work.
NCI

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podmiňování (psychologie)

A general term referring to the learning of some particular response.
MSH

process by which an organism can be made to respond to a previously neutral (conditioned) stimulus as it would to another (unconditioned) stimulus by pairing the two sitimuli; e.g., pairing a bell with food eventually will make a dog salivate when bell is heard.
CSP

A type of learning in which repeated exposure to something may affect a person`s behavior when they encounter an unrelated object, sound, or smell that occurred at the same time as the initial exposure. For example, a patient who always feels sick after receiving chemotherapy in a clinic that smells a certain way may be conditioned to feel sick when smelling the same odor in a different place.
NCI

Generally refers to relative simple learning situations in which a stimulus initially incapable of evoking a certain response acquires the ability to do so by repeated pairing with another stimulus that does elicit the response.
NCI

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keratoplastika penetrující

Partial or total replacement of all layers of a central portion of the cornea.
MSH

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syndrom respirační tísně dospělých

A syndrome characterized by progressive life-threatening RESPIRATORY INSUFFICIENCY in the absence of known LUNG DISEASES, usually following a systemic insult such as surgery or major TRAUMA.
MSH

fulminant pulmonary interstitial and alveolar edema resulting from diffuse infection, shock, or trauma of the lungs.
CSP

Progressive and life-threatening pulmonary distress in the absence of an underlying pulmonary condition, usually following major trauma or surgery. Cases of neonatal respiratory distress syndrome are not included in this definition.
NCI

A disorder characterized by progressive and life-threatening pulmonary distress in the absence of an underlying pulmonary condition, usually following major trauma or surgery.
NCI

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mimotělní membránová oxygenace

Application of a life support system that circulates the blood through an oxygenating system, which may consist of a pump, a membrane oxygenator, and a heat exchanger. Examples of its use are to assist victims of smoke inhalation injury, respiratory failure, and cardiac failure.
MSH

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svědomí

The cognitive and affective processes which constitute an internalized moral governor over an individual`s moral conduct.
MSH

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ledviny – nemoci

Pathological processes of the KIDNEY or its component tissues.
MSH

impairment of health or a condition of abnormal functioning of the kidney.
CSP

Your kidneys are two bean-shaped organs, each about the size of your fists. They are located near the middle of your back, just below the rib cage. Inside each kidney about a million tiny structures called nephrons filter blood. They remove waste products and extra water, which become urine. The urine flows through tubes called ureters to your bladder, which stores the urine until you go to the bathroom.

Damage to the nephrons results in kidney disease. This damage may leave kidneys unable to remove wastes. Usually the damage occurs slowly over years. There are no obvious symptoms, so you don`t know it is happening.

Many things can cause kidney disease. You are at risk if you have

  • Diabetes
  • High blood pressure
  • A close family member with kidney disease

Your doctor can run tests to find out if you have kidney disease. If your kidneys fail completely, a kidney transplant or dialysis can replace the work your kidneys normally do.

NIH: National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases


MEDLINEPLUS

A term referring to any disease affecting the kidneys.
NCI

A neoplastic or non-neoplastic condition affecting the kidney. Representative examples of non-neoplastic conditions include glomerulonephritis and nephrotic syndrome. Representative examples of neoplastic conditions include benign processes (e.g., renal lipoma and renal fibroma) and malignant processes (e.g., renal cell carcinoma and renal lymphoma).
NCI

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Hyperplazie retikuloendoteliálního systému

hyperplasia of reticuloendothelial tissue.
CSP

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oční nádory

Tumors or cancer of the EYE.
MSH

new abnormal eye tissue that grows by excessive cellular division and proliferation more rapidly than normal and continues to grow after the stimuli that initiated the new growth cease; for the external lid of the eye use EYELID NEOPLASM.
CSP

A benign or malignant neoplasm affecting the structures of the eye.
NCI

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antikoncepční prostředky

Devices that diminish the likelihood of or prevent conception. (From Dorland, 28th ed)
MSH

non-pharmacological method to diminish the likelihood of or to prevent conception.
CSP

A device designed to prevent conception through local or systemic effect, such as a barrier contraceptive, an intrauterine device, or a means of preventing ovulation (e.g., birth control pill).
NCI

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Menkesův syndrom

X-linked recessive abnormality in copper absorption marked by severe cerebral degeneration and arterial changes resulting in death in infancy and by sparse, brittle scalp hair.
CSP

An inherited disorder of copper metabolism transmitted as an X-linked trait and characterized by the infantile onset of HYPOTHERMIA, feeding difficulties, hypotonia, SEIZURES, bony deformities, pili torti (twisted hair), and severely impaired intellectual development. Defective copper transport across plasma and endoplasmic reticulum membranes results in copper being unavailable for the synthesis of several copper containing enzymes, including PROTEIN-LYSINE 6-OXIDASE; CERULOPLASMIN; and SUPEROXIDE DISMUTASE. Pathologic changes include defects in arterial elastin, neuronal loss, and gliosis. (From Menkes, Textbook of Child Neurology, 5th ed, p125)
MSH

An X-linked disorder caused by mutations in the ATP7A gene resulting in the abnormal transport and metabolism of copper. It affects primarily male infants. It is characterized by hypotonia, seizures, failure to thrive, and peculiar colorless or steel-colored brittle hair.
NCI

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retrográdní degenerace

Pathologic changes that occur in the axon and cell body of a neuron proximal to an axonal lesion. The process is characterized by central chromatolysis which features flattening and displacement of the nucleus, loss of Nissl bodies, and cellular edema. Central chromatolysis primarily occurs in lower motor neurons.
MSH

series of changes in the ganglion cell following the severing of its axon.
CSP

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faktor VII – nedostatek

An autosomal recessive characteristic or a coagulation disorder acquired in association with VITAMIN K DEFICIENCY. FACTOR VII is a Vitamin K dependent glycoprotein essential to the extrinsic pathway of coagulation.
MSH

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měď – radioisotopy

Unstable isotopes of copper that decay or disintegrate emitting radiation. Cu atoms with atomic weights 58-62, 64, and 66-68 are radioactive copper isotopes.
MSH

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Kveimův test

Intradermal injection of a heated (pasteurized) saline suspension of sarcoid tissue obtained from a sarcoid spleen or lymph node. In patients with active sarcoidosis a dusky red nodule develops slowly over the next few weeks at the injection site. Histologic examination, an essential part of the complete test, reveals sarcoid tissue.
MSH

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revmatické uzlíky

A small round or oval, mostly subcutaneous nodule made up chiefly of a mass of Aschoff bodies and seen in cases of rheumatic fever. It is differentiated from the RHEUMATOID NODULE which appears in rheumatoid arthritis, most frequently over bony prominences. (From Dorland, 27th ed)
MSH

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rodinné lékařství

A medical specialty concerned with the provision of continuing, comprehensive primary health care for the entire family.
MSH

medical specialty concerned with the planning and provision of comprehensive primary health care of all members of a family, regardless of age or sex, on a continuing basis.
CSP

A medical specialty that provides comprehensive health care for all members of a family regardless of age or sex.
NCI

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koronární cévy – anomálie

Malformations of CORONARY VESSELS, either arteries or veins. Included are anomalous origins of coronary arteries; ARTERIOVENOUS FISTULA; CORONARY ANEURYSM; MYOCARDIAL BRIDGING; and others.
MSH

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lac represory

Bacterial repressor proteins that bind to the LAC OPERON and thereby prevent the synthesis of proteins involved in catabolism of LACTOSE. When lactose levels are high lac repressors undergo an allosteric change that causes their release from the DNA and the resumption of lac operon transcription.
MSH

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