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intermitentní klaudikace

A symptom complex characterized by pain and weakness in SKELETAL MUSCLE group associated with exercise, such as leg pain and weakness brought on by walking. Such muscle limpness disappears after a brief rest and is often relates to arterial STENOSIS; muscle ISCHEMIA; and accumulation of LACTATE.
MSH

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dystonia musculorum deformans

A condition characterized by focal DYSTONIA that progresses to involuntary spasmodic contractions of the muscles of the legs, trunk, arms, and face. The hands are often spared, however, sustained axial and limb contractions may lead to a state where the body is grossly contorted. Onset is usually in the first or second decade. Familial patterns of inheritance, primarily autosomal dominant with incomplete penetrance, have been identified. (Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p1078)
MSH

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epoxidové sloučeniny

3-membered organic ring structure containing oxygen.
CSP

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nemoci kostí

Diseases of BONES.
MSH

condition in which there is a deviation from or interruption of the normal structure or function of the bones.
CSP

Your bones help you move, give you shape and support your body. They are living tissues that rebuild constantly throughout your life. During childhood and your teens, your body adds new bone faster than it removes old bone. After about age 20, you can lose bone faster than you make bone. To have strong bones when you are young, and to prevent bone loss when you are older, you need to get enough calcium, vitamin D and exercise.

There are many kinds of bone problems:

NIH: National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases


MEDLINEPLUS

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Reyeův syndrom

A form of encephalopathy with fatty infiltration of the LIVER, characterized by brain EDEMA and VOMITING that may rapidly progress to SEIZURES; COMA; and DEATH. It is caused by a generalized loss of mitochondrial function leading to disturbances in fatty acid and CARNITINE metabolism.
MSH

rare, acute, sometimes fatal disease of childhood, most often occurring as a sequel of varicella or a viral upper respiratory infection of childhood; marked by recurrent vomiting and elevated serum transaminase levels with distinctive changes in the liver and other viscera; an encephalopathic phase with acute brain swelling disturbances of consciousness and seizures may follow.
CSP

An acute and potentially fatal metabolic disorder characterized by cerebral edema, fatty liver and hypoglycemia. It occurs primarily in children and has been associated with the use of aspirin for the treatment of viral infections. However, it can also occur in the absence of aspirin use.
NCI

Reye syndrome is a rare illness that can affect the blood, liver and brain of someone who recently had a viral infection. It always follows another illness. Although it mostly affects children and teens, anyone can get it. It can develop quickly and without warning. It is most common during flu season. Symptoms include

  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Listlessness
  • Personality change – such as irritability, combativeness or confusion
  • Delirium
  • Convulsions
  • Loss of consciousness

If these symptoms occur soon after a viral illness, seek medical attention immediately. Reye syndrome can lead to a coma and brain death, so quick diagnosis and treatment are critical. Treatment focuses on preventing brain damage. There is no cure.

The cause of Reye syndrome is unknown. However, studies have shown that taking aspirin increases the risk of getting it. Because of that, health care professionals now recommend other pain relievers for young patients.

NIH: National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke


MEDLINEPLUS

A rare disease that damages the brain and liver and causes death if not treated. It occurs most often in children younger than 15 years who have had a fever-causing virus, such as chickenpox or flu. Taking aspirin during a viral illness may increase the risk of Reye syndrome.
NCI

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střevní sliznice

Lining of the INTESTINES, consisting of an inner EPITHELIUM, a middle LAMINA PROPRIA, and an outer MUSCULARIS MUCOSAE. In the SMALL INTESTINE, the mucosa is characterized by a series of folds and abundance of absorptive cells (ENTEROCYTES) with MICROVILLI.
MSH

innermost membrane of the four coats of the intestinal wall.
CSP

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Echinostoma

A genus of intestinal flukes of the family Echinostomatidae which consists of many species. They occur in man and other vertebrates. The intermediate hosts are frequently mollusks.
MSH

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ergothionein

A naturally occurring metabolite of HISTIDINE that has antioxidant properties.
MSH

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nuda

A psychological state resulting from any activity that lacks motivation, or from enforced continuance in an uninteresting situation.
MSH

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Rhizobium

A genus of gram-negative, aerobic, rod-shaped bacteria that activate PLANT ROOT NODULATION in leguminous plants. Members of this genus are nitrogen-fixing and common soil inhabitants.
MSH

A genus of aerobic, Gram negative, rod and cocci shaped bacterium assigned to the phylum Proteobacteria and the family Rhizobiaceae.
NCI

Any bacteria that is not assigned to the species level but can be assigned to the Rhizobium genus level.
NCI

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Equipment and supply inventories

A list of goods and materials, or those goods and materials themselves, held available for use by a business.
NCI

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ektodermální dysplazie

A group of hereditary disorders involving tissues and structures derived from the embryonic ectoderm. They are characterized by the presence of abnormalities at birth and involvement of both the epidermis and skin appendages. They are generally nonprogressive and diffuse. Various forms exist, including anhidrotic and hidrotic dysplasias, FOCAL DERMAL HYPOPLASIA, and aplasia cutis congenita.
MSH

A group of inherited disorders characterized by malformations of the structures that derive from the ectoderm, such as hair, teeth, nails and sweat glands.
NCI

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erytrocyty

Red blood cells. Mature erythrocytes are non-nucleated, biconcave disks containing HEMOGLOBIN whose function is to transport OXYGEN.
MSH

red blood cells; mature erythrocytes are non-nucleated, biconcave disks containing hemoglobin whose function is to transport oxygen.
CSP

A cell that carries oxygen to all parts of the body.
NCI

Cell specialized for oxygen transport, having a high concentration of hemoglobin in the cytoplasm and little else; biconcave, anucleate discs, 7nm diameter in mammals.
NCI

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arteria brachialis

The continuation of the axillary artery; it branches into the radial and ulnar arteries.
MSH

An artery originating at the axillary artery and branching into the radial and ulnar arteries. (NCI)
NCI

An artery originating at the axillary artery and branching into the radial and ulnar arteries.
NCI

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ribonukleotidy

Nucleotides in which the purine or pyrimidine base is combined with ribose. (Dorland, 28th ed)
MSH

nucleotide in which the purine or pyrimidine base is combined with ribose.
CSP

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North Dakota

A state in the northern midwest United States. Its capital is Bismarck.
NCI

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ionofory

Chemical agents that increase the permeability of biological or artificial lipid membranes to specific ions. Most ionophores are relatively small organic molecules that act as mobile carriers within membranes or coalesce to form ion permeable channels across membranes. Many are antibiotics, and many act as uncoupling agents by short-circuiting the proton gradient across mitochondrial membranes.
MSH

molecule that allows ions to cross lipid bilayers; there are two classes: carriers and channels; carriers, like valinomycin, form cage like structures around specific ions, diffusing freely through the hydrophobic regions of the bilayer; channels, like gramicidin, form continuous aqueous pores through the bilayer, allowing ions to diffuse through.
CSP

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studium lékařství pregraduální

The period of medical education in a medical school. In the United States it follows the baccalaureate degree and precedes the granting of the M.D.
MSH

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ezofágoplastika

A plastic operation on the esophagus. (Dorland, 28th ed)
MSH

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dechová cvičení

Therapeutic exercises aimed to deepen inspiration or expiration or even to alter the rate and rhythm of respiration.
MSH

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právo na léčbu

In law, the claim of persons involuntarily institutionalized on the ground of mental disability to receive appropriate care for their conditions or diseases. (Bioethics Thesaurus)
MSH

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jaderné proteiny

Proteins found in the nucleus of a cell. Do not confuse with NUCLEOPROTEINS which are proteins conjugated with nucleic acids, that are not necessarily present in the nucleus.
MSH

proteins found in the nucleus of a cell; do not confuse with NUCLEOPROTEIN which are proteins conjugated with nucleic acids, that are not necessarily present in the nucleus; prefer indexing specific nuclear protein when possible; not all nuclear proteins are treed here.
CSP

Proteins that are localized to the nucleus of the cell. These proteins are involved in a variety of cellular regulation functions including transport, gene expression, and cell signaling.
NCI

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HESTE LODI SUMINKOR SINDROMEA

chronic noninflammatory disease characterized by abdominal pain, altered bowel habits consisting of diarrhea or constipation or both, and no detectable pathologic change; a variant form is characterized by painless diarrhea; it is a common disorder with a psychophysiologic basis; called also spastic or irritable colon.
CSP

Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a problem that affects the large intestine. It can cause abdominal cramping, bloating and a change in bowel habits. Some people with the disorder have constipation. Some have diarrhea. Some go back and forth between constipation and diarrhea. Although IBS can cause a great deal of discomfort, it does not harm the intestines.

IBS is a common disorder and happens more often in women than men. No one knows the exact cause of IBS. There is no specific test for IBS. However, your doctor may run tests to be sure you don`t have other diseases. These tests may include stool sampling tests, blood tests and x-rays. Your doctor may also do a test called a sigmoidoscopy or colonoscopy. Most people diagnosed with IBS can control their symptoms with diet, stress management and medicine.

NIH: National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases


MEDLINEPLUS

A common syndrome manifested by symptoms of bloating, abdominal cramping, constipation, and/or diarrhea. In most patients the symptoms are not severe and they can be controlled with diet, stress, and lifestyle management. A small percentage of individuals may experience severe symptoms. The cause is unknown.
NCI

A disorder of the intestines commonly marked by abdominal pain, bloating, and changes in a person`s bowel habits. This may include diarrhea or constipation, or both, with one occurring after the other.
NCI

A disorder with chronic or recurrent colonic symptoms without a clearcut etiology. This condition is characterized by chronic or recurrent ABDOMINAL PAIN, bloating, MUCUS in FECES, and an erratic disturbance of DEFECATION.
MSH

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Egoism

The ethical doctrine that morality has its foundations in self-interest. Also, excessive preoccupation with one`s own well-being and interests.
MSH

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estrus – detekce

Methods for recognizing the state of ESTRUS.
MSH

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bromfenolová modř

A dye that has been used as an industrial dye, a laboratory indicator, and a biological stain.
MSH

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RNA fungální

Ribonucleic acid in fungi having regulatory and catalytic roles as well as involvement in protein synthesis.
MSH

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zdravotní sestry v klinické praxi

Registered nurses who hold Master`s degrees in nursing with an emphasis in clinical nursing and who function independently in coordinating plans for patient care.
MSH

Clinical Nurse Specialist (CNS) – a licensed registered nurse who has graduate preparation (a master`s or a doctorate) in nursing as a CNS. The CNS is a clinical expert in theory-based and/or research-based nursing practice within a specialty area. (NACNS)
NCI

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isometrická kontrakce

Muscular contractions characterized by increase in tension without change in length.
MSH

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elektrická instalace

An arrangement of wires distributing electricity.
MSH

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