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prolaktinom

A pituitary adenoma which secretes PROLACTIN, leading to HYPERPROLACTINEMIA. Clinical manifestations include AMENORRHEA; GALACTORRHEA; IMPOTENCE; HEADACHE; visual disturbances; and CEREBROSPINAL FLUID RHINORRHEA.
MSH

An adenoma of the anterior lobe of the pituitary gland that produces prolactin. It is the most common type of pituitary gland adenomas and it is associated with hyperprolactinemia. Clinical manifestations include amenorrhea, galactorrhea, impotence, headache, and visual disturbances.
NCI

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cytotoxicita imunologická

The phenomenon of target cell destruction by immunologically active effector cells. It may be brought about directly by sensitized T-lymphocytes or by lymphoid or myeloid “killer” cells, or it may be mediated by cytotoxic antibody, cytotoxic factor released by lymphoid cells, or complement.
MSH

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faktor XIIIa

Activated form of FACTOR XIII, a transglutaminase, which stabilizes the formation of the fibrin polymer (clot) culminating the blood coagulation cascade.
MSH

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apoenzymy

The protein components of enzyme complexes (HOLOENZYMES). An apoenzyme is the holoenzyme minus any cofactors (ENZYME COFACTORS) or prosthetic groups required for the enzymatic function.
MSH

protein components of the enzyme minus any cofactors or prosthetic groups that might be required for the enzyme to be catalytically functional.
CSP

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potrat habituální

Three or more consecutive spontaneous abortions.
MSH

spontaneous expulsion of a dead or non-viable fetus in 3 or more consecutive pregnancies at or about the same period of development.
CSP

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porodní doba první

Period from the onset of true OBSTETRIC LABOR to the complete dilatation of the CERVIX UTERI.
MSH

The stage of the labor and childbirth process when the uterine contractions become strong and regular with cervical effacement and complete dilation of the cervix.
NCI

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propidium

Quaternary ammonium analog of ethidium; an intercalating dye with a specific affinity to certain forms of DNA and, used as diiodide, to separate them in density gradients; also forms fluorescent complexes with cholinesterase which it inhibits.
MSH

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dichlordifenyldichlorethylen

An organochlorine pesticide, it is the ethylene metabolite of DDT.
MSH

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fasciitida

Inflammation of the fascia. There are three major types: 1, Eosinophilic fasciitis, an inflammatory reaction with eosinophilia, producing hard thickened skin with an orange-peel configuration suggestive of scleroderma and considered by some a variant of scleroderma; 2, Necrotizing fasciitis (FASCIITIS, NECROTIZING), a serious fulminating infection (usually by a beta hemolytic streptococcus) causing extensive necrosis of superficial fascia; 3, Nodular/Pseudosarcomatous /Proliferative fasciitis, characterized by a rapid growth of fibroblasts with mononuclear inflammatory cells and proliferating capillaries in soft tissue, often the forearm; it is not malignant but is sometimes mistaken for fibrosarcoma.
MSH

Inflammation process in fascia.
NCI

Inflammation of fascia.
NCI

an inflammation of the fibrous tissue called fascia
CHV

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kyselina apurinová

Hydrolysate of DNA in which purine bases have been removed.
MSH

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úrazy – prevence

Efforts and designs to reduce the incidence of unexpected undesirable events in various environments and situations.
MSH

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Lactobacillus casei

rod shaped bacterium isolated from milk and cheese, dairy products and dairy environments, sour dough, cow dung, silage, and human mouth, human intestinal contents and stools, and the human vagina.
CSP

A rod-shaped bacterium isolated from milk and cheese, dairy products and dairy environments, sour dough, cow dung, silage, and human mouth, human intestinal contents and stools, and the human vagina.
MSH

A species of facultatively anaerobic, Gram positive, rod shaped bacteria in the phylum Firmicutes. This species is nonmotile, heterofermentative, amylase positive and ferments mannitol. L. casei is non pathogenic and a commensal organism of the mouth and digestive tract.
NCI

Any bacterial organism that can be assigned to the species Lactobacillus casei.
NCI

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prostaglandinové endoperoxidy

Precursors in the biosynthesis of prostaglandins and thromboxanes from arachidonic acid. They are physiologically active compounds, having effect on vascular and airway smooth muscles, platelet aggregation, etc.
MSH

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dekomprese explozivní

A sudden loss of pressure in a pressurized cabin, cockpit, or the like, so rapid as to be explosive. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 5th ed)
MSH

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studie proveditelnosti

Studies to determine the advantages or disadvantages, practicability, or capability of accomplishing a projected plan, study, or project.
MSH

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zdravotní výchova – vzdělávací střediska

Education centers authorized by the Comprehensive Health Manpower Training Act, 1971, for the training of health personnel in areas where health needs are the greatest. May be used for centers other than those established by the United States act.
MSH

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kyselina octová

Product of the oxidation of ethanol and of the destructive distillation of wood. It is used locally, occasionally internally, as a counterirritant and also as a reagent. (Stedman, 26th ed)
MSH

A synthetic carboxylic acid with antibacterial and antifungal properties. Although its mechanism of action is not fully known, undissociated acetic acid may enhance lipid solubility allowing increased fatty acid accumulation on the cell membrane or in other cell wall structures. Acetic acid, as a weak acid, can inhibit carbohydrate metabolism resulting in subsequent death of the organism.
NCI

An acid found in vinegar. Acetic acid is also used to dissolve substances needed to make some medicines and other products, such as plastics.
NCI

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lanthan

Lanthanum. The prototypical element in the rare earth family of metals. It has the atomic symbol La, atomic number 57, and atomic weight 138.91. Lanthanide ion is used in experimental biology as a calcium antagonist; lanthanum oxide improves the optical properties of glass.
MSH

rare metallic element, symbol La, atomic number 57.
CSP

A silvery white metallic element that belongs to period 6 of the lanthanoids family, with phosphate binding property. Lanthanum, when administered in a salt form, dissociates in acid to release lanthanum ions, which then bind dietary phosphate. This agent inhibits the absorption of phosphate by forming highly insoluble lanthanum-phosphate complexes that reduce concentrations of serum phosphate and calcium phosphate.
NCI

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ochranné prostředky

Devices designed to provide personal protection against injury to individuals exposed to hazards in industry, sports, aviation, or daily activities.
MSH

equipment specifically designed to enhance the safety of procedures, work environments, or other equipment; e.g., seat belts, air bags, radiation shields, noise mufflers, air filtering systems, etc.
CSP

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porod – vypuzení plodu a placenty

Delivery of the FETUS and PLACENTA under the care of an obstetrician or a health worker. Obstetric deliveries may involve physical, psychological, medical, or surgical interventions.
MSH

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femur – krček

The constricted portion of the thigh bone between the femur head and the trochanters.
MSH

The short, constricted portion of the thigh bone between the femur head and the trochanter.
NCI

The short, constricted portion of the thigh bone between the femur head and the trochanter. (NCI)
NCI

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arsenamid

Proposed chemotherapeutic agent against filaria and trichomonas.
MSH

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acetylmuramyl-alanyl-isoglutamin

Peptidoglycan immunoadjuvant originally isolated from bacterial cell wall fragments; also acts as pyrogen and may cause arthritis; stimulates both humoral and cellular immunity.
MSH

A naturally occurring component of bacterial cell walls that has the capacity to activate macrophages.
NCI

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latyrismus

A paralytic condition of the legs caused by ingestion of lathyrogens, especially BETA-AMINOPROPIONITRILE or beta-N-oxalyl amino-L-alanine, which are found in the seeds of plants of the genus LATHYRUS.
MSH

excessive ingestion of seeds of the legume genus Lathyrus, which contain beta aminopropionitrile, an inhibitor of the enzyme lysyl oxidase; the disease is characterized by spastic paraplegia, pain, hyperesthesia, and paresthesia.
CSP

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Proteus vulgaris

A species of gram-negative, facultatively anaerobic, rod-shaped bacteria that occurs in soil, fecal matter, and sewage. It is an opportunistic pathogen and causes cystitis and pyelonephritis.
MSH

Any bacterial organism that can be assigned to the species Proteus vulgaris.
NCI

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zubní amalgam

An alloy used in restorative dentistry that contains mercury, silver, tin, copper, and possibly zinc.
MSH

alloy of mercury with another metal (usually silver) used by dentists to fill cavities in teeth.
CSP

An amalgam alloy is a device that consists of a metallic substance intended to be mixed with mercury to form filling material for treatment of dental caries.
SPN

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hnojiva průmyslová

Substances or mixtures that are added to the soil to supply nutrients or to make available nutrients already present in the soil, in order to increase plant growth and productivity.
MSH

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členovci – vektory

Arthropods, other than insects and arachnids, which transmit infective organisms from one host to another or from an inanimate reservoir to an animate host.
MSH

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aklarubicin

An anthracycline produced by Streptomyces galilaeus. It has potent antineoplastic activity.
MSH

An oligosaccharide anthracycline antineoplastic antibiotic isolated from the bacterium Streptomyces galilaeus. Aclarubicin intercalates into DNA and interacts with topoisomerases I and II, thereby inhibiting DNA replication and repair and RNA and protein synthesis. Aclarubicin is antagonistic to other agents that inhibit topoisomerase II, such as etoposide, teniposide and amsacrine. This agent is less cardiotoxic than doxorubicin and daunorubicin. Check for “http://www.cancer.gov/Search/ClinicalTrialsLink.aspx?id=39131&idtype=1″ active clinical trials or “http://www.cancer.gov/Search/ClinicalTrialsLink.aspx?id=39131&idtype=1&closed=1″ closed clinical trials using this agent. (“http://nciterms.nci.nih.gov:80/NCIBrowser/ConceptReport.jsp?dictionary=NCI_Thesaurus&code=C202″ NCI Thesaurus)
PDQ

An oligosaccharide anthracycline antineoplastic antibiotic isolated from the bacterium Streptomyces galilaeus. Aclarubicin intercalates into DNA and interacts with topoisomerases I and II, thereby inhibiting DNA replication and repair and RNA and protein synthesis. Aclarubicin is antagonistic to other agents that inhibit topoisomerase II, such as etoposide, teniposide and amsacrine. This agent is less cardiotoxic than doxorubicin and daunorubicin.
NCI

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dolní končetina

The region of the lower limb in animals, extending from the gluteal region to the FOOT, and including the BUTTOCKS; HIP; and LEG.
MSH

The posterior limb of an animal.
NCI

The limb that is composed of the hip, thigh, leg and foot.
NCI

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