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africký mor prasat

A sometimes fatal ASFIVIRUS infection of pigs, characterized by fever, cough, diarrhea, hemorrhagic lymph nodes, and edema of the gallbladder. It is transmitted between domestic swine by direct contact, ingestion of infected meat, or fomites, or mechanically by biting flies or soft ticks (genus Ornithodoros).
MSH

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lipektomie

Removal of localized SUBCUTANEOUS FAT deposits by SUCTION CURETTAGE or blunt CANNULATION in the cosmetic correction of OBESITY and other esthetic contour defects.
MSH

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pyroglobuliny

Atypical gamma immunoglobulins characterized by their irreversible heat denaturation at 56-degrees C. Pyroprecipitation is inhibited at pH below 3 and above 9. The presence of pyroglobulins in the serum is the cause of pyroglobulinemia. They are frequently present in multiple myeloma and the pyroglobulin precipitate binds complement, reacts with rheumatoid factor, produces passive cutaneous anaphylaxis, generalized passive anaphylaxis and passive Arthus-type phenomena.
MSH

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cizí tělesa

Inanimate objects that become enclosed in the body.
MSH

An occurrence where any object originating inside or outside the body is not in it`s physiological or intended location. For example, a tooth or bone fragment being swallowed; or device`s components or fragments being found in the body away from where they were implanted.
NCI

If you`ve ever gotten a splinter or had sand in your eye, you`ve had experience with a foreign body. A foreign body is something that is stuck inside you but isn`t supposed to be there. You may inhale or swallow a foreign body, or you may get one from an injury to almost any part of your body. Foreign bodies are more common in small children, who sometimes stick things in their mouths, ears, and noses.

Some foreign bodies, like a small splinter, do not cause serious harm. Inhaled or swallowed foreign bodies may cause choking or bowel obstruction and may require medical care.


MEDLINEPLUS

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mozek – krevní oběh

The circulation of blood through the vessels of the BRAIN.
MSH

Perfusion of blood through the cerebrum. (Dr. Joseph A. Thie)
NCI

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pomoc rodinám s nezaopatřenými dětmi

Financial assistance provided by the government to indigent families with dependent children who meet certain requirements as defined by the Social Security Act, Title IV, in the U.S.
MSH

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VLDL-cholesterol

Cholesterol which is contained in or bound to very low density lipoproteins (VLDL). High circulating levels of VLDL cholesterol are found in HYPERLIPOPROTEINEMIA TYPE IIB. The cholesterol on the VLDL is eventually delivered by LOW-DENSITY LIPOPROTEINS to the tissues after the catabolism of VLDL to INTERMEDIATE-DENSITY LIPOPROTEINS, then to LDL.
MSH

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čtyřčata

Four individuals derived from four FETUSES that were fertilized at or about the same time, developed in the UTERUS simultaneously, and born to the same mother.
MSH

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fovea centralis

An area approximately 1.5 millimeters in diameter within the macula lutea where the retina thins out greatly because of the oblique shifting of all layers except the pigment epithelium layer. It includes the sloping walls of the fovea (clivus) and contains a few rods in its periphery. In its center (foveola) are the cones most adapted to yield high visual acuity, each cone being connected to only one ganglion cell. (Cline et al., Dictionary of Visual Science, 4th ed)
MSH

area within the macula lutea where the retina thins out greatly because of the oblique shifting of all layers except the pigment epithelium layer; includes the sloping walls of the fovea (clivus) and contains a few rods in its periphery; in its center (foveola) are the cones most adapted to yield high visual acuity, each cone being connected to only one ganglion cell.
CSP

Area consisting of a small depression in the retina containing only cones and where vision is most acute.
NCI

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cevany

Structurally-related alkaloids that contain the cevane carbon backbone.
MSH

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albendazol

A benzimidazole broad-spectrum anthelmintic structurally related to MEBENDAZOLE that is effective against many diseases. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p38)
MSH

A broad-spectrum, synthetic benzimidazole-derivative anthelmintic. Albendazole interferes with the reproduction and survival of helminths by inhibiting the formation of microtubules from tubulin. This leads to an impaired uptake of glucose, a depletion of glycogen stores, and results in the worm`s death. Albendazole is used in the treatment of dog and pork tapeworm-causing diseases, including hydatid disease and neurocysticercosis. Albendazole may also be used to treat a variety of other roundworm infections. (NCI05)
NCI

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jaterní extrakty

Extracts of liver tissue containing uncharacterized specific factors with specific activities; a soluble thermostable fraction of mammalian liver is used in the treatment of pernicious anemia.
MSH

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R faktory

a class of plasmids in bacterial cells that promote resistance to agents such as antibiotics, metal ions, UV radiation, and bacteriophage.
CSP

A class of plasmids that transfer antibiotic resistance from one bacterium to another by conjugation.
MSH

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Francouzská Guyana

A French overseas department on the northeast coast of South America. Its capital is Cayenne. It was first settled by the French in 1604. Early development was hindered because of the presence of a penal colony. The name of the country and the capital are variants of Guyana, possibly from the native Indian Guarani guai (born) + ana (kin), implying a united and interrelated race of people. (From Webster`s New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p418 & Room, Brewer`s Dictionary of Names, 1992, p195)
MSH

A country in Northern South America, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean, between Brazil and Suriname. (NCI)
NCI

A country in Northern South America, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean, between Brazil and Suriname. (CIA World Factbook 2002)
NCI

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chemie analytická

branch of chemistry dealing with detection (qualitative) and determination (quantitative) of substances.
CSP

The branch of chemistry dealing with detection (qualitative) and determination (quantitative) of substances. (Grant & Hackh`s Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)
MSH

The branch of chemistry that deals with the quantitative and qualitative identification of substances. (On-line Medical Dictionary)
NCI

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aldosoreduktasa

An enzyme that catalyzes reversibly the oxidation of an aldose to an alditol. It possesses broad specificity for many aldoses. EC 1.1.1.21.
MSH

aldose reductase converts glucose to sorbitol, mediating sorbitol toxicity (neuropathy and retinopathy) in diabetes mellitus do not confuse with EC 1.1.1.1, ALCOHOL DEHYDROGENASE.
CSP

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dlouhodobě působící stimulátor tyreoidey

An immunoglobulin G, often found in the blood of hyperthyroid individuals. It stimulates the thyroid for a longer duration than does thyrotoxin and may cause hyperthyroidism in newborns due to placental transmission.
MSH

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rádiové vlny

Electromagnetic waves with frequencies between about 3 kilohertz (very low frequency – VLF) and 300,000 megahertz (extremely high frequency – EHF). They are used in television and radio broadcasting, land and satellite communications systems, radionavigation, radiolocation, and DIATHERMY. The highest frequency radio waves are MICROWAVES.
MSH

electromagnetic wave whose frequency is in the radio frequency range (10 kHz to 300,000 MHz); wavelength 100 mm to 10,000 m.
CSP

A type of wave made when an electric field and a magnetic field are combined. Radio waves are being studied in the treatment of several types of cancer and other conditions. The radio waves are sent through needles inserted into tumor tissue and may kill cancer cells. Radio waves are also used in MRI to create detailed images of areas inside the body.
NCI

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fukosidóza

An autosomal recessive lysosomal storage disease caused by a deficiency of ALPHA-L-FUCOSIDASE activity resulting in an accumulation of fucose containing SPHINGOLIPIDS; GLYCOPROTEINS, and mucopolysaccharides (GLYCOSAMINOGLYCANS) in lysosomes. The infantile form (type I) features psychomotor deterioration, MUSCLE SPASTICITY, coarse facial features, growth retardation, skeletal abnormalities, visceromegaly, SEIZURES, recurrent infections, and MACROGLOSSIA, with death occurring in the first decade of life. Juvenile fucosidosis (type II) is the more common variant and features a slowly progressive decline in neurologic function and angiokeratoma corporis diffusum. Type II survival may be through the fourth decade of life. (From Menkes, Textbook of Child Neurology, 5th ed, p87; Am J Med Genet 1991 Jan;38(1):111-31)
MSH

lysosomal storage disease caused by defective alpha-L-fucosidase and accumulation of fucose containing glycoconjugates; clinical symptoms include psychomotor deterioration, growth retardation, hepatosplenomegaly, cardiomegaly, and seizures.
CSP

An autosomal recessive lysosomal storage disease characterized by a defective alpha-L-fucosidase. It results in accumulation of fucose in the tissues. Signs and symptoms include psychomotor retardation, dysostosis multiplex, and neural disturbances.
NCI

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dítě – zneužití

Abuse of children in a family, institutional, or other setting. (APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 1994)
MSH

infliction of physical or mental injury on children; most frequent cases occur at home, however includes abuse in an institutional, educational or other setting; includes child neglect.
CSP

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alantois

An extra-embryonic membranous sac derived from the YOLK SAC of REPTILES; BIRDS; and MAMMALS. It lies between two other extra-embryonic membranes, the AMNION and the CHORION. The allantois serves to store urinary wastes and mediate exchange of gas and nutrients for the developing embryo.
MSH

An extraembryonic membrane in the form of a sac. It collects waste from the embryo.
NCI

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luminol

5-Amino-2,3-dihydro-1,4-phthalazinedione. Substance that emits light on oxidation. It is used in chemical determinations.
MSH

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radiometrie

The measurement of radiation by photography, as in x-ray film and film badge, by Geiger-Mueller tube, and by SCINTILLATION COUNTING.
MSH

assay procedure involving measurement of the radiation intensity of a radioactive sample.
CSP

Measurement of radiation exposure from x-rays, gamma rays, or other types of radiation used in the treatment or detection of diseases, including cancer.
NCI

The measurement of radiation by photography, as in x-ray film and film badge, by Geiger-Mueller tube, and by scintillation counting.
NCI

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G-aktin

The monomeric form of actin.
NCI

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Pan troglodytes

The common chimpanzee, a species of the genus Pan, family HOMINIDAE. It lives in Africa, primarily in the tropical rainforests. There are a number of recognized subspecies.
MSH

Pan troglodytes, an anthropoid ape that inhabits the tropical rain forests of Africa and is used for experimental purposes because of its susceptibility to some human diseases and in behavioral studies because of its high level of intelligence.
NCI

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alpha-Atrial Natriuretic Peptide

A potent circulating form of ANP that is a 28-amino acid peptide. It derives from the (99-126) amino acids of prohormone gamma-ANP, also known as ANP (1-126).
MSH

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lymeská nemoc

An infectious disease caused by a spirochete, BORRELIA BURGDORFERI, which is transmitted chiefly by Ixodes dammini (see IXODES) and pacificus ticks in the United States and Ixodes ricinis (see IXODES) in Europe. It is a disease with early and late cutaneous manifestations plus involvement of the nervous system, heart, eye, and joints in variable combinations. The disease was formerly known as Lyme arthritis and first discovered at Old Lyme, Connecticut.
MSH

recurrent multisystemic infectious disease caused by a spirochete, Borrelia burgdorferi, which is transmitted chiefly by Ixodes ticks; it is a disease with early and late cutaneous manifestations plus involvement of the nervous system, heart, eye, and joints in variable combinations.
CSP

Lyme disease is a bacterial infection you get from the bite of an infected tick. The first symptom is usually a rash, which may look like a bull`s eye. As the infection spreads, you may have

  • A fever
  • A headache
  • Muscle and joint aches
  • A stiff neck
  • Fatigue

Lyme disease can be hard to diagnose because you may not have noticed a tick bite. Also, many of its symptoms are like those of the flu and other diseases. In the early stages, your health care provider will look at your symptoms and medical history, to figure out whether you have Lyme disease. Lab tests may help at this stage, but may not always give a clear answer. In the later stages of the disease, a different lab test can confirm whether you have it.

Antibiotics can cure most cases of Lyme disease. The sooner treatment begins, the quicker and more complete the recovery.

After treatment, some patients may still have muscle or joint aches and nervous system symptoms. This is called post-Lyme disease syndrome (PLDS). Long-term antibiotics have not been shown to help with PLDS. However, there are ways to help with the symptoms of PLDS, and most patients do get better with time.

NIH: National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases


MEDLINEPLUS

An infectious disease caused by the spirochete Borrelia burgdorferi. Early manifestations of infection may include fever, headache, fatigue, depression, and a characteristic skin rash called erythema migrans. Left untreated, late manifestations involving the joints, heart, and nervous system can occur.
NCI

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raphe nuclei

Collections of small neurons centrally scattered among many fibers from the level of the trochlear nucleus in the midbrain to the hypoglossal area in the medulla oblongata.
MSH

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žlučník – nemoci

Diseases of the GALLBLADDER. They generally involve the impairment of BILE flow, GALLSTONES in the BILIARY TRACT, infections, neoplasms, or other diseases.
MSH

condition in which there is a deviation from or interruption of the normal structure or function of the gallbladder; generally involves the impairment of bile flow, gallstones in the biliary tract, infections, neoplasms, or other diseases.
CSP

Your gallbladder is a pear-shaped organ under your liver. It stores bile, a fluid made by your liver to digest fat. As your stomach and intestines digest food, your gallbladder releases bile through a tube called the common bile duct. The duct connects your gallbladder and liver to your small intestine.

Your gallbladder is most likely to give you trouble if something blocks the flow of bile through the bile ducts. That is usually a gallstone. Gallstone attacks usually happen after you eat. Signs of a gallstone attack may include nausea, vomiting, or pain in the abdomen, back, or just under the right arm.

Many gallbladder problems get better with removal of the gallbladder. Fortunately, the gallbladder is an organ that you can live without. Bile has other ways of reaching your small intestine.


MEDLINEPLUS

A non-neoplastic or neoplastic disorder that affects the gallbladder. Representative examples of non-neoplastic disorders include acute and chronic cholecystitis, often associated with the presence of gallstones. Representative examples of neoplastic disorders include adenoma, carcinoma, lymphoma, and sarcoma.
NCI

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chloridy

Inorganic compounds derived from hydrochloric acid that contain the Cl- ion.
MSH

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