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KISTE BILGORTSUA

Intradermal or subcutaneous saclike structure, the wall of which is stratified epithelium containing keratohyalin granules.
MSH

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Spirochaeta

A genus of flexible, spiral rods found in hydrogen sulfide-containing mud, sewage, and polluted water. None of the species properly referred to in this genus are pathogenic.
MSH

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interleukiny

Soluble factors which stimulate growth-related activities of leukocytes as well as other cell types. They enhance cell proliferation and differentiation, DNA synthesis, secretion of other biologically active molecules and responses to immune and inflammatory stimuli.
MSH

One of a group of related proteins made by leukocytes (white blood cells) and other cells in the body. ILs regulate immune responses. ILs made in the laboratory are used as biological response modifiers to boost the immune system in cancer therapy. An interleukin is a type of cytokine.
NCI

Interleukin is the generic name for a group of well-characterized cytokines that are produced by leukocytes and other cell types. They have a broad spectrum of functional activities that regulate the activities and capabilities of a wide variety of cell types. They are particularly important as members of the cytokine networks that regulate inflammatory and immune responses.
NCI

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peritoneální dialýza

Dialysis fluid being introduced into and removed from the peritoneal cavity as either a continuous or an intermittent procedure.
MSH

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klinické protokoly

Precise and detailed plans for the study of a medical or biomedical problem and/or plans for a regimen of therapy.
MSH

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epiteloidní buňky

Characteristic cells of granulomatous hypersensitivity. They appear as large, flattened cells with increased endoplasmic reticulum. They are believed to be activated macrophages that have differentiated as a result of prolonged antigenic stimulation. Further differentiation or fusion of epithelioid cells is thought to produce multinucleated giant cells (GIANT CELLS).
MSH

Characteristic cells of granulomatous hypersensitivity. They appear as large, flattened cells with increased endoplasmic reticulum. They are believed to be activated macrophages that have differentiated as a result of prolonged antigenic stimulation. Further differentiation or fusion of epithelioid cells is thought to produce multinucleated giant cells. (MeSH)
NCI

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sporidesminy

A group of related mycotoxins produced by the pasture fungus Pithomyces chartarum (formerly Sporidesmium bakeri); causes liver damage and facial eczema in cattle and sheep.
MSH

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střeva – atrézie

Congenital obliteration of the lumen of the intestine, with the ILEUM involved in 50% of the cases and the JEJUNUM and DUODENUM following in frequency. It is the most frequent cause of INTESTINAL OBSTRUCTION in NEWBORNS. (From Stedman, 25th ed)
MSH

A malformation characterized by the absence of a normal opening in a part of the intestine. It can occur either in the small or the large intestine.
NCI

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personál – výběr

The process of choosing employees for specific types of employment. The concept includes recruitment.
MSH

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Clostridium botulinum

etiologic agent of botulism in humans and waterfowl; produces a powerful exotoxin.
CSP

A species of anaerobic, gram-positive, rod-shaped bacteria in the family Clostridiaceae that produces proteins with characteristic neurotoxicity. It is the etiologic agent of BOTULISM in humans, wild fowl, HORSES; and CATTLE. Seven subtypes (sometimes called antigenic types, or strains) exist, each producing a different botulinum toxin (BOTULINUM TOXINS). The organism and its spores are widely distributed in nature.
MSH

Any bacterial organism that can be assigned to the species Clostridium putrificum.
NCI

A species of anaerobic, Gram positive, rod shaped bacteria assigned to the phylum Firmicutes. This species is indole negative, ferments glucose but not mannose and does not reduce nitrate. C. putrificum is considered pathogenic and may cause post-operative tetanus.
NCI

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námelové alkaloidy

Alkaloids originally isolated from the ergot fungus Claviceps purpurea (Hypocreaceae). They include compounds that are structurally related to ergoline (ERGOLINES) and ergotamine (ERGOTAMINES). Many of the ergot alkaloids act as alpha-adrenergic antagonists.
MSH

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fágy stafylokoků

Viruses whose host is Staphylococcus.
MSH

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intubace

Introduction of a tube into a hollow organ to restore or maintain patency if obstructed. It is differentiated from CATHETERIZATION in that the insertion of a catheter is usually performed for the introducing or withdrawing of fluids from the body.
MSH

insertion of a tube into a body canal or hollow organ (e.g., trachea or stomach).
CSP

The insertion of a cannula or tube into a hollow body organ.
NCI

insertion of a tube into a body canal or hollow organ
CHV

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fantomové končetiny

Perception of painful and nonpainful phantom sensations that occur following the complete or partial loss of a limb. The majority of individuals with an amputated extremity will experience the impression that the limb is still present, and in many cases, painful. (From Neurol Clin 1998 Nov;16(4):919-36; Brain 1998 Sep;121(Pt 9):1603-30)
MSH

The sensation of pain or other unpleasant feelings in the place of a missing (phantom) limb.
NCI

Painful sensation related to a limb or an organ that is removed from or is not physically part of the body.
NCI

A disorder characterized by marked discomfort related to a limb or an organ that is removed from or is not physically part of the body.
NCI

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kokcidióza

Protozoan infection found in animals and man. It is caused by several different genera of COCCIDIA.
MSH

A parasitic infection caused by Coccidia. It affects livestock, birds and humans. In humans the parasite infests the intestinal tract and may cause watery diarrhea, abdominal pain, fever, nausea and vomiting.
NCI

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erytrocyty – měnlivost tvaru

Ability of ERYTHROCYTES to change shape as they pass through narrow spaces, such as the microvasculature.
MSH

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stenty

Devices that provide support for tubular structures that are being anastomosed or for body cavities during skin grafting.
MSH

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iontové kanály

Gated, ion-selective glycoproteins that traverse membranes. The stimulus for ION CHANNEL GATING can be due to a variety of stimuli such as LIGANDS, a TRANSMEMBRANE POTENTIAL DIFFERENCE, mechanical deformation or through INTRACELLULAR SIGNALING PEPTIDES AND PROTEINS.
MSH

molecule-sized pores in biomembranes that permit the passage of hydrophilic solutes such as inorganic ions, and the proteins that form such pores and control their permeability.
CSP

A transmembrane pore that presents a hydrophilic channel for ions to cross a lipid bilayer down their electrochemical gradients. Some degree of ion specificity is usually observed and typically a million ions per second may flow. Channels may be permanently open, like the potassium leak channel or they may be voltage gated, like the sodium channel or ligand gated like the acetylcholine receptor. (On-line Medical Dictionary)
NCI

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fenylethanolamin-N-methyltransferasa

A methyltransferase that catalyzes the reaction of S-adenosyl-L-methionine and phenylethanolamine to yield S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine and N-methylphenylethanolamine. It can act on various phenylethanolamines and converts norepinephrine into epinephrine. (From Enzyme Nomenclature, 1992) EC 2.1.1.28.
MSH

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kognitivní terapie

A direct form of psychotherapy based on the interpretation of situations (cognitive structure of experiences) that determine how an individual feels and behaves. It is based on the premise that cognition, the process of acquiring knowledge and forming beliefs, is a primary determinant of mood and behavior. The therapy uses behavioral and verbal techniques to identify and correct negative thinking that is at the root of the aberrant behavior.
MSH

involves identifying and changing specific cognitive processes as they relate to problems of emotions and behavior; based on the premise that cognition, the process of acquiring knowledge and forming beliefs, is a primary determinant of mood and behavior; directed toward learning through practice of specific skills which have direct relevance to the present problem.
CSP

A type of psychotherapy utilized to treat different forms of mental disorders.The treatment involves the identification of unhelpful or destructive patterns of thinking and behaviors and the subsequent replacement with behaviors that are beneficial and constructive.
NCI

A type of psychotherapy that helps patients change their behavior by changing the way they think and feel about certain things. It is used to treat mental, emotional, personality, and behavioral disorders.
NCI

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ezofageální varixy

longitudinal venous varices at the lower end of the esophagus as a result of portal hypertension; they are superficial and liable to ulceration and massive bleeding.
CSP

Abnormally dilated vein(s) of the esophagus.
NCI

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STLV-1

A strain of PRIMATE T-LYMPHOTROPIC VIRUS 2, closely related to the human HTLV-1 virus. The clinical, hematological, and histopathological characteristics of the disease in STLV-infected monkeys are very similar to those of human adult T-cell leukemia. Subgroups include the African green monkey subtype (STLV-I-AGM), for which the nucleotide sequence is 95% homologous with that of HUMAN T-LYMPHOTROPIC VIRUS 1, and the Asian rhesus macaque subtype (STLV-I-MM), for which the nucleotide sequence is 90% homologous with that of HUMAN T-LYMPHOTROPIC VIRUS 1.
MSH

A single-stranded reverse-transcribing RNA retrovirus of the genus deltaretrovirus that infects a wide range of non-human primates.
NCI

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železo – radioisotopy

Unstable isotopes of iron that decay or disintegrate emitting radiation. Fe atoms with atomic weights 52, 53, 55, and 59-61 are radioactive iron isotopes.
MSH

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fenylhydraziny

Diazo derivatives of aniline, used as a reagent for sugars, ketones, and aldehydes. (Dorland, 28th ed)
MSH

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kolagen typ VI

A non-fibrillar collagen that forms a network of MICROFIBRILS within the EXTRACELLULAR MATRIX of CONNECTIVE TISSUE. The alpha subunits of collagen type VI assemble into antiparallel, overlapping dimers which then align to form tetramers.
MSH

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estrogeny nesteroidní

Non-steroidal compounds with estrogenic activity.
MSH

Estrogens that are not steroids, but have a structural configuration resembling steroids and may mimic steroidal estrogen effect or bind to estrogen receptors.
NCI

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streptokinasa

Streptococcal fibrinolysin . An enzyme produced by hemolytic streptococci. It hydrolyzes amide linkages and serves as an activator of plasminogen. It is used in thrombolytic therapy and is used also in mixtures with streptodornase (STREPTODORNASE AND STREPTOKINASE). EC 3.4.-.
MSH

nonEC; enzyme elaborated by hemolytic streptococci which produces fibrinolysis by activating plasminogen to plasmin; it is used as a thrombolytic agent.
CSP

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isoleucin-tRNA-ligasa

An enzyme that activates isoleucine with its specific transfer RNA. EC 6.1.1.5.
MSH

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floretinglukosidasa

The enzyme hydrolyzing glycosyl-N-acylsphingosine to a sugar and N-acylsphingosine. It also catalyzes the hydrolysis of phlorizin to phloretin and glucose. It is found in the intestinal brush border membrane often in conjunction with lactase. EC 3.2.1.62.
MSH

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virus koloradské klíšťové horečky

A species of COLTIVIRUS transmitted by the tick DERMACENTOR andersonii and causing fever, chills, aching head and limbs, and often vomiting. It occurs in the northwestern United States, except the Pacific Coast.
MSH

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