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Boog, aorta-

The curved section of the aorta between the ascending and the descending tracts. The brachiocephalic, left common carotid and left subclavian arteries branch from the aorta at this section. (NCI)
NCI

The curved section of the aorta between the ascending and the descending tracts. The brachiocephalic, left common carotid and left subclavian arteries branch from the aorta at this section.
NCI

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opipramol

A tricyclic antidepressant with actions similar to AMITRIPTYLINE.
MSH

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Nocardiaceae

A family of gram-positive, aerobic actinomycetes found in soil and animal tissue. Some species are the cause of infection in man and animals.
MSH

A taxonomic family of Gram positive, aerobic bacterium in the phylum Actinobacteria that includes the genera Nocardia, Rhodococcus and Smaragdicoccus, among others.
NCI

family of gram positive, aerobic actinomycetes found in soil and animal tissue; some species are the cause of infection in man and animals.
CSP

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imipramin

The prototypical tricyclic antidepressant. It has been used in major depression, dysthymia, bipolar depression, attention-deficit disorders, agoraphobia, and panic disorders. It has less sedative effect than some other members of this therapeutic group.
MSH

dibenzazepine tricyclic antidepressant.
CSP

A synthetic tricyclic derivative, antidepressant Imipramine enhances monoamine neurotransmission in certain areas of the brain. It also induces sedation through histamine 1 receptor blockage; hypotension through beta-adrenergic blockage; and diverse parasympatholytic effects. Imipramine has less sedative effect than other members of its therapeutic family. It is used in major depression, dysthymia, bipolar depression, attention-deficit disorders, agoraphobia, and panic disorders. (NCI04)
NCI

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cytotoxicita imunologická

The phenomenon of target cell destruction by immunologically active effector cells. It may be brought about directly by sensitized T-lymphocytes or by lymphoid or myeloid “killer” cells, or it may be mediated by cytotoxic antibody, cytotoxic factor released by lymphoid cells, or complement.
MSH

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schizoidní osobnost

A personality disorder manifested by a profound defect in the ability to form social relationships, no desire for social involvement, and an indifference to praise or criticism.
MSH

individuals exhibit a pervasive pattern of indifference to social relationships and a restricted range of emotional experience and expression, beginning by early adulthood and present in a variety of contexts.
CSP

A disorder characterized by an enduring pattern of extreme social detachment and lack of involvement in interpersonal activities, coupled with emotional coldness.
NCI

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apoenzymy

The protein components of enzyme complexes (HOLOENZYMES). An apoenzyme is the holoenzyme minus any cofactors (ENZYME COFACTORS) or prosthetic groups required for the enzymatic function.
MSH

protein components of the enzyme minus any cofactors or prosthetic groups that might be required for the enzyme to be catalytically functional.
CSP

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orbita – nemoci

Diseases of the bony orbit and contents except the eyeball.
MSH

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normální rozdělení

Continuous frequency distribution of infinite range. Its properties are as follows: 1, continuous, symmetrical distribution with both tails extending to infinity; 2, arithmetic mean, mode, and median identical; and 3, shape completely determined by the mean and standard deviation.
MSH

A family of probability density functions whose mean, median and mode are identical. The function generates a symmetrical curve, whose position and shape is determined by its location and scale parameters, the mean and standard deviation respectively. The standard normal distribution has a location parameter of 0 and a scale parameter of 1.
NCI

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orgánová specificita

Characteristic restricted to a particular organ of the body, such as a cell type, metabolic response or expression of a particular protein or antigen.
MSH

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imunoglobuliny – epsilon-řetězce

The class of heavy chains found in IMMUNOGLOBULIN E. They have a molecular weight of approximately 72 kDa and they contain about 550 amino acid residues arranged in five domains and about three times more carbohydrate than the heavy chains of IMMUNOGLOBULIN A; IMMUNOGLOBULIN D; and IMMUNOGLOBULIN G.
MSH

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smrt náhlá

The abrupt cessation of all vital bodily functions, manifested by the permanent loss of total cerebral, respiratory, and cardiovascular functions.
MSH

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sklerodermie lokalizovaná

A chronic disorder, possibly autoimmune, marked by excessive production of collagen which results in hardening and thickening of body tissues. Localized scleroderma typically affects the skin, with formation of patches or lines of thick and unyielding tissue; there can be muscle and underlying tissue involvement as well as occasional joint complications. The affected areas of skin can be restrictive and disfiguring. The shape, depth and location of the affected area is used to classify one of the four types of local scleroderma. An individual can have a combination of localized scleroderma types.
NCI

A term used to describe a variety of localized asymmetrical SKIN thickening that is similar to those of SYSTEMIC SCLERODERMA but without the disease features in the multiple internal organs and BLOOD VESSELS. Lesions may be characterized as patches or plaques (morphea), bands (linear), or nodules.
MSH

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arachidonát-15-lipoxygenasa

An enzyme that catalyzes the oxidation of arachidonic acid to yield 15-hydroperoxyarachidonate (15-HPETE) which is rapidly converted to 15-hydroxy-5,8,11,13-eicosatetraenoate (15-HETE). The 15-hydroperoxides are preferentially formed in NEUTROPHILS and LYMPHOCYTES.
MSH

Encoded by human ALOX15 Gene, a putative mutator gene regulated by tumor-suppressor TP53, 661-amino acid 74.7 kD cytoplasmic Arachidonate 15-Lipoxygenase (Lipoxygenase Family) acts in leukotriene biosynthesis and is implicated in anti-inflammation, membrane remodeling, and cancer development or metastasis. It converts arachidonic acid to 15s-hydroperoxyeicosatetraenoic acid. (OMIM, Swiss-Prot, and NCI)
NCI

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ornithinkarbamoyltransferasa

A urea cycle enzyme that catalyzes the formation of orthophosphate and L-citrulline (CITRULLINE) from CARBAMOYL PHOSPHATE and L-ornithine (ORNITHINE). Deficiency of this enzyme may be transmitted as an X-linked trait. EC 2.1.3.3.
MSH

Ornithine carbamoyltransferase, mitochondrial (354 aa, ~40 kDa) is encoded by the human OTC gene. This protein plays a role in the metabolism of ornithine.
NCI

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IMP-dehydrogenasa

An enzyme that catalyzes the dehydrogenation of inosine 5`-phosphate to xanthosine 5`-phosphate in the presence of NAD. EC 1.1.1.205.
MSH

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defenzivní medicína

The alterations of modes of medical practice, induced by the threat of liability, for the principal purposes of forestalling lawsuits by patients as well as providing good legal defense in the event that such lawsuits are instituted.
MSH

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mazové žlázy – nádory

new abnormal sebaceous gland tissue that grows by excessive cellular division and proliferation more rapidly than normal and continues to grow after the stimuli that initiated the new growth cease.
CSP

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argininsukcinátsynthasa

An enzyme of the urea cycle that catalyzes the formation of argininosuccinic acid from citrulline and aspartic acid in the presence of ATP. Absence or deficiency of this enzyme causes the metabolic disease CITRULLINEMIA in humans. EC 6.3.4.5.
MSH

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oscilometrie

The measurement of frequency or oscillation changes.
MSH

study of the records of oscillations in electric current waveform.
CSP

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ostrovy Indického oceánu

Numerous islands in the Indian Ocean situated east of Madagascar, north to the Arabian Sea and east to Sri Lanka. Included are COMOROS (republic), MADAGASCAR (republic), Maldives (republic), MAURITIUS (parliamentary democracy), Pemba (administered by Tanzania), REUNION (a department of France), and SEYCHELLES (republic).
MSH

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bludy

A false belief regarding the self or persons or objects outside the self that persists despite the facts, and is not considered tenable by one`s associates.
MSH

false belief regarding the self or persons or objects outside the self that persists despite the facts, and is not considered tenable by one`s associates.
CSP

A disorder characterized by false personal beliefs held contrary to reality, despite contradictory evidence and common sense.
NCI

False personal beliefs held contrary to reality, despite contradictory evidence and common sense.
NCI

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autostimulace

Stimulation of the brain, which is self-administered. The stimulation may result in negative or positive reinforcement.
MSH

stimulation which is self-administered; the stimulation may result in negative or positive reinforcement.
CSP

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arterioarteriální píštěl

Abnormal communication between two ARTERIES that may result from injury or occur as a congenital abnormality.
MSH

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osteomalacie

A condition marked by softening of the bones (due to impaired mineralization, with excess accumulation of osteoid), with pain, tenderness, muscular weakness, anorexia, and loss of weight, resulting from deficiency of vitamin D and calcium. (Dorland, 27th ed)
MSH

inadequate or delayed mineralization of osteoid in mature cortical and spongy bone.
CSP

A condition in adults in which bones become soft and deformed because they don`t have enough calcium and phosphorus. It is usually caused by not having enough vitamin D in the diet, not getting enough sunlight, or a problem with the way the body uses vitamin D. Symptoms include bone pain and muscle weakness. When the condition occurs in children, it is called rickets.
NCI

A metabolic bone disease that results from either a deficiency in vitamin D, or an abnormality in the metabolism of vitamin D, or a deficiency of calcium in the diet. The most common symptoms are bone pain and muscle weakness. When it occurs in children it is commonly referred to as rickets. (Diagnostic Surgical Pathology, 3rd ed.) –2003
NCI

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kojenci – potrava

Food processed and manufactured for the nutritional health of children in their first year of life.
MSH

anything which, when taken into the infant body, serves to nourish or build up the tissues or to supply body heat; typically liquids or pureed food until the baby develops teeth; includes baby formula.
CSP

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zubní kavita – podložka

An inner coating, as of varnish or other protective substance, to cover the dental cavity wall. It is usually a resinous film-forming agent dissolved in a volatile solvent, or a suspension of calcium hydroxide in a solution of a synthetic resin. The lining seals the dentinal tubules and protects the pulp before a restoration is inserted. (Jablonski, Illustrated Dictionary of Dentistry, 1982)
MSH

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septum pellucidum – jádra

Neural nuclei situated in the septal region. They have afferent and cholinergic efferent connections with a variety of forebrain and brainstem areas including the hippocampus, the lateral hypothalamus, the tegmentum, and the amygdala. Included are the dorsal, lateral, medial, and triangular septal nuclei, septofimbrial nucleus, nucleus of diagonal band, nucleus of anterior commissure, and the nucleus of stria terminalis.
MSH

Subdivision of the septum which contains the dorsal septal nucleus, the lateral septal nucleus, medial septal nucleus, triangular septal nucleus, septofimbrial nucleus, nucleus of diagonal band, nucleus of anterior commissure and nucleus of stria terminalis.
FMA

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aromatické hydroxylasy

A large group of cytochrome P-450 (heme-thiolate) monooxygenases that complex with NAD(P)H-FLAVIN OXIDOREDUCTASE in numerous mixed-function oxidations of aromatic compounds. They catalyze hydroxylation of a broad spectrum of substrates and are important in the metabolism of steroids, drugs, and toxins such as PHENOBARBITAL, carcinogens, and insecticides.
MSH

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ambulantní kliniky nemocniční

Organized services in a hospital which provide medical care on an outpatient basis.
MSH

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