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tetování

The indelible marking of TISSUES, primarily SKIN, by pricking it with NEEDLES to imbed various COLORING AGENTS. Tattooing of the CORNEA is done to colorize LEUKOMA spots.
MSH

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hemobilie

Hemorrhage in or through the BILIARY TRACT due to trauma, inflammation, CHOLELITHIASIS, vascular disease, or neoplasms.
MSH

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poliovirové vakcíny

vaccine used to prevent poliomyelitis, including inactivated and oral vaccines.
CSP

Vaccines used to prevent POLIOMYELITIS. They include inactivated (POLIOVIRUS VACCINE, INACTIVATED) and oral vaccines (POLIOVIRUS VACCINE, ORAL).
MSH

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kontrastová senzitivita

The ability to detect sharp boundaries (stimuli) and to detect slight changes in luminance at regions without distinct contours. Psychophysical measurements of this visual function are used to evaluate visual acuity and to detect eye disease.
MSH

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Cercopithecus aethiops

A species of CERCOPITHECUS containing three subspecies: C. tantalus, C. pygerythrus, and C. sabeus. They are found in the forests and savannas of Africa. The African green monkey (C. pygerythrus) is the natural host of SIMIAN IMMUNODEFICIENCY VIRUS and is used in AIDS research.
MSH

Price: $1.00

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teleangiektazie

Permanent dilation of preexisting blood vessels (CAPILLARIES; ARTERIOLES; VENULES) creating small focal red lesions, most commonly in the skin or mucous membranes. It is characterized by the prominence of skin blood vessels, such as vascular spiders.
MSH

localized convolution and dilatation of a group of small blood vessels, leading to hemorrhage and angioma.
CSP

The permanent enlargement of blood vessels, causing redness in the skin or mucous membranes.
NCI

A disorder characterized by local dilatation of small vessels resulting in red discoloration of the skin or mucous membranes.
NCI

a visibly dilated blood vessel on the skin
CHV

Local dilatation of small vessels resulting in red discoloration of the skin or mucous membranes.
NCI

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hemolytická plaková technika

A method to identify and enumerate cells that are synthesizing ANTIBODIES against ANTIGENS or HAPTENS conjugated to sheep RED BLOOD CELLS. The sheep red blood cells surrounding cells secreting antibody are lysed by added COMPLEMENT producing a clear zone of HEMOLYSIS. (From Illustrated Dictionary of Immunology, 3rd ed)
MSH

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polycythemia vera

A myeloproliferative disorder of unknown etiology, characterized by abnormal proliferation of all hematopoietic bone marrow elements and an absolute increase in red cell mass and total blood volume, associated frequently with splenomegaly, leukocytosis, and thrombocythemia. Hematopoiesis is also reactive in extramedullary sites (liver and spleen). In time myelofibrosis occurs.
MSH

myeloproliferative disorder characterized by abnormal proliferation of all hematopoietic bone marrow elements and an absolute increase in red cell mass and total blood volume; associated frequently with splenomegaly, leukocytosis, and thrombocythemia.
CSP

a condition that produces excessive red blood cells
CHV

A disease in which there are too many red blood cells in the bone marrow and blood, causing the blood to thicken. The number of white blood cells and platelets may also increase. The extra blood cells may collect in the spleen and cause it to become enlarged. They may also cause bleeding problems and make clots form in blood vessels.
NCI

A chronic myeloproliferative neoplasm characterized by an increased red blood cell production. Excessive proliferation of the myeloid lineage is observed as well. The major symptoms are related to hypertension or to vascular abnormalities caused by the increased red cell mass. The cause is unknown. With currently available treatment, the median survival exceeds 10 years. (WHO, 2001)
NCI

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rohovka

The transparent anterior portion of the fibrous coat of the eye consisting of five layers: stratified squamous CORNEAL EPITHELIUM; BOWMAN MEMBRANE; CORNEAL STROMA; DESCEMET MEMBRANE; and mesenchymal CORNEAL ENDOTHELIUM. It serves as the first refracting medium of the eye. It is structurally continuous with the SCLERA, avascular, receiving its nourishment by permeation through spaces between the lamellae, and is innervated by the ophthalmic division of the TRIGEMINAL NERVE via the ciliary nerves and those of the surrounding conjunctiva which together form plexuses. (Cline et al., Dictionary of Visual Science, 4th ed)
MSH

transparent part of the coat of the eyeball that covers the iris and pupil and admits light to the interior.
CSP

The transparent part of the eye that covers the iris and the pupil and allows light to enter the inside.
NCI

A dome-shaped, transparent, avascular tissue covering the front of the eye. It is composed of five layers: squamous epithelium, Bowman`s membrane, stroma, Descemet`s membrane, and endothelium. Refraction of light contributing to eye`s focusing ability is its characteristic function. It contains unmyelinated nerve endings which are responsible for the high sensitivity of the tissue. (NCI)
NCI

A dome-shaped, transparent, avascular tissue covering the front of the eye. It is composed of five layers: squamous epithelium, Bowman`s membrane, stroma, Descemet`s membrane, and endothelium. Refraction of light contributing to eye`s focusing ability is its characteristic function. It contains unmyelinated nerve endings which are responsible for the high sensitivity of the tissue.
NCI

Price: $1.00

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koronární artérie – bypass

Surgical therapy of ischemic coronary artery disease achieved by grafting a section of saphenous vein, internal mammary artery, or other substitute between the aorta and the obstructed coronary artery distal to the obstructive lesion.
MSH

surgical procedure creating a bridge between the ascending aorta and one or more of the three major coronary arteries, distal to an obstructive lesion, using autologous tissue transplanted from the saphenous vein.
CSP

Surgery in which a healthy blood vessel taken from another part of the body is used to make a new path for blood around a blocked artery leading to the heart. This restores the flow of oxygen and nutrients to the heart.
NCI

Surgery performed to bypass partially or completely occluded coronary arteries, thereby increasing the blood supply of the heart.
NCI

If you have coronary artery disease (CAD), the arteries that supply blood and oxygen to the heart muscle become hardened and narrowed. If lifestyle changes and medicines don`t help, your doctor may recommend coronary artery bypass surgery.

The surgery uses a piece of a vein from the leg or artery from the chest or wrist. The surgeon attaches this to the coronary artery above and below the narrowed area or blockage. This allows blood to bypass the blockage. Some people need more than one bypass.

You may need bypass surgery for various reasons. Another procedure for CAD, angioplasty, may not have widened the artery enough. In some cases, the angioplasty tube can`t reach the blockage.

A bypass also can close again. This happens in more than 10 percent of bypass surgeries, usually after 10 or more years.

NIH: National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute


MEDLINEPLUS

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MOS gene

This gene is involved in signal transduction and the control of meioses.
NCI

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ANEMIA HEMOLITIKOA

Hemolytic anemia due to various intrinsic defects of the erythrocyte.
MSH

includes hereditary erythrocyte membrane defects, enzyme deficiencies, hemoglobin abnormalities, stem cell defects (paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria), and alloimmune (Rh) disease of newborn.
CSP

A congenital hemolytic anemia caused by defects of the erythrocyte membrane, enzyme deficiencies, or hemoglobinopathies.
NCI

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Terbutaline Sulfate

The sulfate salt form of terbutaline, an ethanolamine derivative with bronchodilating and tocolytic properties. Terbutaline sulfate selectively binds to and activates beta-2 adrenergic receptors, leading to intracellular adenyl cyclase activation via a trimeric G protein and subsequent increase in cyclic cAMP production. Increased cAMP levels result in relaxation of bronchial and vascular smooth muscle mediated through the activation of protein kinase A (PKA), which phosphorylates proteins in control of muscle tone. cAMP also inhibits calcium ion release from intracellular stores, reduces calcium entry into cells and induces the sequestration of intracellular calcium all of which aids the relaxation of airway muscles. Terbutaline sulfate also increases mucociliary clearance and reduces release of inflammatory cell mediators.
NCI

Price: $1.00

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hepatitida

INFLAMMATION of the LIVER.
MSH

inflammation of the liver and liver disease involving degenerative or necrotic alterations of hepatocytes.
CSP

Disease of the liver causing inflammation. Symptoms include an enlarged liver, fever, nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, and dark urine.
NCI

Your liver helps your body digest food, store energy and remove poisons. Hepatitis is a swelling of the liver that makes it stop working well. It can lead to scarring, called cirrhosis, or to cancer.

Viruses cause most cases of hepatitis. The type of hepatitis is named for the virus that causes it; for example, hepatitis A, hepatitis B or hepatitis C. Drug or alcohol use can also lead to hepatitis. In other cases, your body mistakenly attacks its own tissues. You can help prevent some viral forms by getting a vaccine. Sometimes hepatitis goes away by itself. If it does not, it can be treated with drugs. Sometimes hepatitis lasts a lifetime.

Some people who have hepatitis have no symptoms. Others may have

  • Loss of appetite
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Diarrhea
  • Dark-colored urine and pale bowel movements
  • Stomach pain
  • Jaundice, yellowing of skin and eyes


MEDLINEPLUS

Inflammation of the liver; usually from a viral infection, but sometimes from toxic agents.
NCI

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polyradikulopatie

Disease or injury involving multiple SPINAL NERVE ROOTS. Polyradiculitis refers to inflammation of multiple spinal nerve roots.
MSH

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kosmetické techniky

Procedures for the improvement or enhancement of the appearance of the visible parts of the body.
MSH

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ústa – nádory

Tumors or cancer of the MOUTH.
MSH

new abnormal tissue of the mouth that grows by excessive cellular division and proliferation more rapidly than normal and continues to grow after the stimuli that initiated the new growth cease.
CSP

A benign or malignant tumor involving the oral cavity and/or the lips.
NCI

Price: $1.00

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anetholtrithion

Choleretic used to allay dry mouth and constipation due to tranquilizers.
MSH

A substance that is being studied in the treatment of cancer.
NCI

A substituted dithiolthione and analog of chemopreventive agent oltipraz. Anethole trithione is a bile secretion-stimulating drug that restores salivation and relieves the discomfort of dry mouth in chemotherapy-induced xerostomia. In addition, this agent has exhibited chemopreventive properties. The mechanism of action for the chemopreventive and xerostomia properties have not been fully elucidated.
NCI

Price: $1.00

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tetracykliny

Closely congeneric derivatives of the polycyclic naphthacenecarboxamide. (Gilman et al., Goodman and Gilman`s The Pharmacological Basis of Therapeutics, 8th ed, p1117)
MSH

a kind of antibiotics
CHV

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heptanoáty

Salts and esters of the 7-carbon saturated monocarboxylic acid heptanoic acid.
MSH

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populace – růst

Increase, over a specific period of time, in the number of individuals living in a country or region.
MSH

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viry coxsackie – infekce

A heterogeneous group of infections produced by coxsackieviruses, including HERPANGINA, aseptic meningitis (MENINGITIS, ASEPTIC), a common-cold-like syndrome, a non-paralytic poliomyelitis-like syndrome, epidemic pleurodynia (PLEURODYNIA, EPIDEMIC) and a serious MYOCARDITIS.
MSH

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ductus Mülleri

A pair of ducts near the WOLFFIAN DUCTS in a developing embryo. In the male embryo, they degenerate with the appearance of testicular ANTI-MULLERIAN HORMONE. In the absence of anti-mullerian hormone, mullerian ducts give rise to the female reproductive tract, including the OVIDUCTS; UTERUS; CERVIX; and VAGINA.
MSH

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Aniline

compounds containing a benzene ring and an amine group.
CSP

Dye and chemical solution stains for medical purposes are mixtures of synthetic or natural dyes or nondye chemicals in solutions used in staining cells and tissues for diagnostic histopathology, cytopathology, or hematology.
SPN

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thalium

A heavy, bluish white metal, atomic number 81, atomic weight [204.382; 204.385], symbol Tl.
MSH

highly toxic metallic substance
CHV

An element with atomic symbol Tl, atomic number 81, and atomic weight 204.383.
NCI

Price: $1.00

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hesperidin

A flavanone glycoside found in CITRUS fruit peels.
MSH

A flavonoid comprised of the flavanone hesperetin and the disaccharide rutinose.
NCI

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shock; {post}operatief

A state of shock following a surgical operation.
NCI

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prstencová chrupavka

The small thick cartilage that forms the lower and posterior parts of the laryngeal wall.
MSH

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svalové proteiny

The protein constituents of muscle, the major ones being ACTINS and MYOSINS. More than a dozen accessory proteins exist including TROPONIN; TROPOMYOSIN; and DYSTROPHIN.
MSH

protein constituents of muscle.
CSP

A special subset of proteins whose roles are directly related to the function of muscle cells. This group is comprised of both short and long filament polypeptides that are primarily involved in movement and muscle contraction and extension. Muscle proteins are also responsible for the conversion of chemical energy into mechanical energy.
NCI

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kotník

The region of the lower limb between the FOOT and the LEG.
MSH

joint formed by the articulation of the lower leg bones with the talus; ankle connects the foot with the leg.
CSP

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