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dihydroergotoxin

A mixture of three different hydrogenated derivatives of ERGOTAMINE: DIHYDROERGOCORNINE; DIHYDROERGOCRISTINE; and DIHYDROERGOCRYPTINE. Dihydroergotoxine has been proposed to be a neuroprotective agent and a nootropic agent. The mechanism of its therapeutic actions is not clear, but it can act as an alpha-adrenergic antagonist and a dopamine agonist. The methanesulfonate salts of this mixture of alkaloids are called ERGOLOID MESYLATES.
MSH

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neurální trubice – defekty

Congenital malformations of the central nervous system and adjacent structures related to defective neural tube closure during the first trimester of pregnancy generally occurring between days 18-29 of gestation. Ectodermal and mesodermal malformations (mainly involving the skull and vertebrae) may occur as a result of defects of neural tube closure. (From Joynt, Clinical Neurology, 1992, Ch55, pp31-41)
MSH

Neural tube defects are birth defects of the brain and spinal cord. The two most common neural tube defects are spina bifida and anencephaly. In spina bifida, the fetal spinal column doesn`t close completely during the first month of pregnancy. There is usually nerve damage that causes at least some paralysis of the legs. In anencephaly, much of the brain does not develop. Babies with anencephaly are either stillborn or die shortly after birth.

Getting enough folic acid, a type of B vitamin, before and during pregnancy prevents most neural tube defects. Treatments for neural tube defects vary depending on the type of defect.

NIH: National Institute of Child Health and Human Development


MEDLINEPLUS

A congenital defect characterized by failure of the neural tube to close completely; this results in the presence of openings in the brain or spinal cord. Examples of neural tube defects include encephalocele and spina bifida.
NCI

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bemegrid

A CNS stimulant that is used to induce convulsions in experimental animals. It has also been used as a respiratory stimulant and in the treatment of barbiturate overdose.
MSH

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hyperaldosteronismus

A condition caused by the overproduction of ALDOSTERONE. It is characterized by sodium retention and potassium excretion with resultant HYPERTENSION and HYPOKALEMIA.
MSH

abnormality of electrolyte function caused by excessive secretion of aldosterone by the adrenal cortex.
CSP

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rhabdomyom

A benign tumor derived from striated muscle. It is extremely rare, generally occurring in the tongue, neck muscles, larynx, uvula, nasal cavity, axilla, vulva, and heart. These tumors are treated by simple excision. (Dorland, 27th ed; DeVita Jr et al., Cancer: Principles & Practice of Oncology, 3d ed, p1354)
MSH

A benign neoplasm arising from striated muscle. It is characterized by the presence of rhabdomyoblasts.
NCI

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dimethylalyltranstransferasa

An enzyme that, in the pathway of cholesterol biosynthesis, catalyzes the condensation of isopentenyl pyrophosphate and dimethylallylpyrophosphate to yield pyrophosphate and geranylpyrophosphate. The enzyme then catalyzes the condensation of the latter compound with another molecule of isopentenyl pyrophosphate to yield pyrophosphate and farnesylpyrophosphate. EC 2.5.1.1.
MSH

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nervosvalové blokátory

Drugs that interrupt transmission of nerve impulses at the skeletal neuromuscular junction. They can be of two types, competitive, stabilizing blockers (NEUROMUSCULAR NONDEPOLARIZING AGENTS) or noncompetitive, depolarizing agents (NEUROMUSCULAR DEPOLARIZING AGENTS). Both prevent acetylcholine from triggering the muscle contraction and they are used as anesthesia adjuvants, as relaxants during electroshock, in convulsive states, etc.
MSH

drugs that interrupt transmission of nerve impulses at the skeletal neuromuscular junction; they prevent acetylcholine from triggering muscle contraction and they are used as anesthesia adjuvants, as relaxants during electroshock, and in convulsive states.
CSP

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benzoáty

Salts and esters of BENZOIC ACID that possess antibacterial and antifungal properties. They are used as preservatives in pharmaceuticals, cosmetics, and foods.
MSH

benzoic acid (C6H5COOH), and its salts, esters and derivatives; many possess antibacterial and antifungal properties and are used as preservatives in pharmaceuticals, cosmetics, and foods.
CSP

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hyperostóza sternokostoklavikulární

A rare, benign rheumatologic disorder or syndrome characterized by hyperostosis and soft tissue ossification between the clavicles and the anterior part of the upper ribs. It is often associated with the dermatologic disorder palmoplantar pustulosis, particularly in Japan. Careful diagnosis is required to distinguish it from psoriatic arthritis, OSTEITIS DEFORMANS, and other diseases. Spondylitis of pustulosis palmaris et plantaris is one of the possible causes; also, evidence suggests one origin may be bone infection. Bone imaging is especially useful for diagnosis. It was originally described by Sonozaki in 1974.
MSH

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Rhodnius

A genus of the subfamily TRIATOMINAE. Rhodnius prolixus is a vector for TRYPANOSOMA CRUZI.
MSH

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difenylamin

In humans it may be irritating to mucous membranes. Methemoglobinemia has been produced experimentally. In veterinary use, it is one of active ingredients in topical agents for prevention and treatment of screwworm infestation. An indicator in tests for nitrate poisoning.
MSH

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neurotické poruchy

Disorders in which the symptoms are distressing to the individual and recognized by him or her as being unacceptable. Social relationships may be greatly affected but usually remain within acceptable limits. The disturbance is relatively enduring or recurrent without treatment.
MSH

class of mental disorders milder than psychosis, including hysteria, fugue, obsession, phobia, etc.
CSP

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berkelium

Berkelium. A man-made radioactive actinide with atomic symbol Bk, atomic number 97, and atomic weight 247. Its valence can be +3 or +4. Twelve isotopes have been produced with mass numbers 240-251.
MSH

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hyphéma

Bleeding in the anterior chamber of the eye.
MSH

Hemorrhage within the anterior chamber of the eye; bloodshot.
NCI

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žebra

any of the paired elastic arches of bone that extend from the thoracic vertebrae toward the median line on the ventral aspect of the trunk, forming the major part of the thoracic skeleton; collectively called costae.
CSP

see:http://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/MBrowser.html
AOT

Any one of the paired bones, 12 on either side, extending from the thoracic vertebrae toward the median line on the ventral aspect of the trunk. The long curved bones which form the rib cage. Generally, ribs 1 to 7 are connected to the sternum` by their costal cartilages and are called true ribs, whereas ribs 8 to 12 are termed false ribs. (NCI)
NCI

Any one of the paired bones, 12 on either side, extending from the thoracic vertebrae toward the median line on the ventral aspect of the trunk. The long curved bones which form the rib cage. Generally, ribs 1 to 7 are connected to the sternum` by their costal cartilages and are called true ribs, whereas ribs 8 to 12 are termed false ribs.
NCI

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svěření informací

Revealing of information, by oral or written communication.
MSH

The making known of a fact that had previously been hidden; release of information.
NCI

Definition:Consent to have collected healthcare information disclosed.


HL7V3.0

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nicergolin

An ergot derivative that has been used as a cerebral vasodilator and in peripheral vascular disease. It has been suggested to ameliorate cognitive deficits in cerebrovascular disease.
MSH

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noskapin

A naturally occurring opium alkaloid that is a centrally acting antitussive agent.
MSH

A phthalide isoquinoline non-narcotic alkaloid derived from the opium poppy Papaver somniferum, with mild analgesic, antitussive, and potential antineoplastic activities. Noscapine exerts its antitussive effects through the activation of sigma opioid receptors. This agent appears to exert its antimitotic effect by binding to tubulin, resulting in a disruption of microtubule assembly dynamics and subsequently, the inhibition of mitosis and tumor cell death.
NCI

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nápoje

Liquids that are suitable for drinking. (From Merriam Webster Collegiate Dictionary, 10th ed)
MSH

liquids suitable for drinking.
CSP

A liquid that is suitable for human consumption.
NCI

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Hypopyon

An accumulation of pus in the anterior chamber of the eye.
NCI

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látky proti demonstrantům chemické

Chemical substances which are employed during a riot in order to control or disperse the rioting parties.
MSH

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disulfoton

An organothiophosphate insecticide.
MSH

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niridazol

An antischistosomal agent that has become obsolete.
MSH

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nukleové kyseliny – prekursory

Use for nucleic acid precursors in general or for which there is no specific heading.
MSH

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žlučové ústrojí – nemoci

Diseases in any part of the BILIARY TRACT including the BILE DUCTS and the GALLBLADDER.
MSH

abnormality of function, structure, or both of the organs, ducts, and other structures that participate in the secretion, storage, and delivery of bile into the duodenum.
CSP

A non-neoplastic or neoplastic disorder affecting the intrahepatic or extrahepatic biliary tract. Examples of non-neoplastic disorders include infection and atresia. Examples of neoplastic disorders include adenoma and carcinoma.
NCI

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I-celziekte

rapidly progressing disease of young children, characterized histologically by abnormal fibroblasts containing a large number of dark inclusions which fill the central part of the cytoplasm except for the juxtanuclear zone (I cells), and clinically by severe growth impairment, minimal hepatomegaly, extreme mental and motor retardation, and clear corneas; inherited as an autosomal recessive trait, it is caused by failure of lysosomal enzymes to be incorporated into lysosomes.
CSP

An inherited lysosomal storage disease characterized by the presence of dense intracytoplasmic inclusions in mesenchymal cells, especially fibroblasts. Signs and symptoms include developmental delay, psychomotor deterioration, and growth failure.
NCI

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RNA ribozomální 18S

Constituent of the 40S subunit of eukaryotic ribosomes. 18S rRNA is involved in the initiation of polypeptide synthesis in eukaryotes.
MSH

The second largest of the three RNA components of the mammalian ribosome.
NCI

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místně specifická DNA-methyltransferasa (cytosin-specifická)

Enzymes responsible for producing a species-specific methylation pattern on cytosine residues.
MSH

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nitrogenasa

An enzyme system that catalyzes the fixing of nitrogen in soil bacteria and blue-green algae (CYANOBACTERIA). EC 1.18.6.1.
MSH

an iron-molybdenum protein which catalyzes the reduction (“fixation”) of molecular nitrogen to ammonia in many plants and microorganisms, using reduced ferredoxin and ATP.
CSP

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ošetřovatelský pomocný personál

Allied health personnel who assist the professional nurse in routine duties.
MSH

Nursing auxiliary whose primary responsibility is personal patient care and education, support of diagnostic procedures, technical nursing work, and patient charting which does not require a full professional nurse education or knowledge and skills represented by licensure. The performance of these tasks involves direct work relationships with patients and participation as a member of the treatment or nursing care team in direct service to patients.
NCI

(1) An unlicensed individual who is trained to function in an assistive role to the licensed nurse in the provision of patient/client activities as delegated by the nurse; (2) An individual trained (either on-the-job or through a formal course generally of less than one year) and experienced in performing patient or client-care nursing tasks that do not require the skills of a specialist, technician, or professional. Examples of tasks performed by nurses aides include changing clothes, diapers, and beds; assisting patients to perform exercises or personal hygiene tasks, and supporting communication or social interaction. Specific education and credentials are not required for this work. Source: (1) American Nurses Association, Registered Professional Nurses and Unlicensed Personnel, 2nd ed., 1996; (2) Rhea, Ott, and Shafritz, The Facts On File Dictionary of Health Care Management, New York: Facts On File Publications, 1988.


HL7V3.0

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