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oogeneze

The process of germ cell development in the female from the primordial germ cells through OOGONIA to the mature haploid ova (OVUM).
MSH

process of germ cell development in the female from the primordial germ cells through oogonia to the mature haploid ova.
CSP

The complete process of formation and maturation of an ovum or female gamete from a primordial female germ cell. Examples of this process are found in Mus musculus and Drosophila melanogaster. [GOC:kmv, GOC:mtg_sensu]
GO

The development of ovum, which are the female germ cells. Oogenesis occurs by meiosis and is essential for the production of mature eggs.
NCI

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kotník

The region of the lower limb between the FOOT and the LEG.
MSH

joint formed by the articulation of the lower leg bones with the talus; ankle connects the foot with the leg.
CSP

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licence farmaceutická

The granting of a license to practice pharmacy.
MSH

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folikulitida

Inflammation of follicles, primarily hair follicles.
MSH

Inflammation of a follicle (a sac or pouch-like cavity), usually a hair follicle.
NCI

Inflammation of the hair follicles. Causes include excessive perspiration, skin infections, and skin wounds.
NCI

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kyretáž zubní

Removal of dental plaque and dental calculus from the surface of a tooth, from the surface of a tooth apical to the gingival margin accumulated in periodontal pockets, or from the surface coronal to the gingival margin.
MSH

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berle

Wooden or metal staffs designed to aid a person in walking. (UMDNS,1999)
MSH

A crutch is a device intended for medical purposes for use by disabled persons to provide minimal to moderate weight support while walking.
SPN

A wooden or metal staff that fits under the armpit and reaches to the ground, used as an aid while walking.
NCI

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chiasma opticum

The X-shaped structure formed by the meeting of the two optic nerves. At the optic chiasm the fibers from the medial part of each retina cross to project to the other side of the brain while the lateral retinal fibers continue on the same side. As a result each half of the brain receives information about the contralateral visual field from both eyes.
MSH

hypothalamic structure formed by the crossing of optic nerve fibers from the medial half of each retina.
CSP

An anatomy term for an X-shaped crossing (for example, of nerves or tendons).
NCI

Nerve trunk which is continuous with right and left optic nerves and right and left optic tracts.
FMA

An anatomic structure formed by the crossing of the two optic nerves under the hypothalamus.
NCI

The place in the brain where some of the optic nerve fibers coming from one eye cross optic nerve fibers from the other eye.
NCI

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antrakóza

A diffuse parenchymal lung disease caused by accumulation of inhaled CARBON or coal dust. The disease can progress from asymptomatic anthracosis to massive lung fibrosis. This lung lesion usually occurs in coal miners, but can be seen in urban dwellers and tobacco smokers.
MSH

A chronic lung disorder characterized by deposition of coal dust in the lung parenchyma leading to the formation of black nodules and emphysema. It occurs in coal miners.
NCI

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lineární modely

Statistical models in which the value of a parameter for a given value of a factor is assumed to be equal to a + bx, where a and b are constants. The models predict a linear regression.
MSH

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noha – deformity vrozené

Alterations or deviations from normal shape or size which result in a disfigurement of the foot occurring at or before birth.
MSH

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Schizophyllum

A genus of fleshy shelf basidiomycetous fungi, family Schizophyllaceae, order POLYPORALES, growing on woody substrata. It is pathogenic in humans.
MSH

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nervosvalové látky nedepolarizující

Drugs that interrupt transmission at the skeletal neuromuscular junction without causing depolarization of the motor end plate. They prevent acetylcholine from triggering muscle contraction and are used as muscle relaxants during electroshock treatments, in convulsive states, and as anesthesia adjuvants.
MSH

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orgánová specificita

Characteristic restricted to a particular organ of the body, such as a cell type, metabolic response or expression of a particular protein or antigen.
MSH

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protilátky anti-idiotypické

Antibodies which react with the individual structural determinants (idiotopes) on the variable region of other antibodies.
MSH

antibodies which react with the individual structural determinants (idiotypes) on a particular immunoglobulin (antibody) molecule.
CSP

An antibody directed against the individual antigenic determinants (idiotopes) on the variable region of an immunoglobulin molecule. In principle an anti-idiotype antibody should inhibit a specific immune response and they are important to the regulation of the immune system.
NCI

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Urbachův-Wietheho syndrom

An autosomal recessive disorder characterized by glassy degenerative thickening (hyalinosis) of SKIN; MUCOSA; and certain VISCERA. This disorder is caused by mutation in the extracellular matrix protein 1 gene (ECM1). Clinical features include hoarseness and skin eruption due to widespread deposition of HYALIN.
MSH

A rare, autosomal recessive metabolic disorder characterized by hoarseness of voice, eyelid beading, skin lesions, and seizures.
NCI

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formiáty

caustic acid or its derivatives containing the HCOO- radical.
CSP

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sklerodermie lokalizovaná

A chronic disorder, possibly autoimmune, marked by excessive production of collagen which results in hardening and thickening of body tissues. Localized scleroderma typically affects the skin, with formation of patches or lines of thick and unyielding tissue; there can be muscle and underlying tissue involvement as well as occasional joint complications. The affected areas of skin can be restrictive and disfiguring. The shape, depth and location of the affected area is used to classify one of the four types of local scleroderma. An individual can have a combination of localized scleroderma types.
NCI

A term used to describe a variety of localized asymmetrical SKIN thickening that is similar to those of SYSTEMIC SCLERODERMA but without the disease features in the multiple internal organs and BLOOD VESSELS. Lesions may be characterized as patches or plaques (morphea), bands (linear), or nodules.
MSH

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cyklohexany

Six-carbon alicyclic hydrocarbons.
MSH

group of alicyclic hydrocarbons with the general formula R-C6H11.
CSP

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ornithinkarbamoyltransferasa

A urea cycle enzyme that catalyzes the formation of orthophosphate and L-citrulline (CITRULLINE) from CARBAMOYL PHOSPHATE and L-ornithine (ORNITHINE). Deficiency of this enzyme may be transmitted as an X-linked trait. EC 2.1.3.3.
MSH

Ornithine carbamoyltransferase, mitochondrial (354 aa, ~40 kDa) is encoded by the human OTC gene. This protein plays a role in the metabolism of ornithine.
NCI

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antifungální látky

Substances that destroy fungi by suppressing their ability to grow or reproduce. They differ from FUNGICIDES, INDUSTRIAL because they defend against fungi present in human or animal tissues.
MSH

substances that are destructive to fungi, suppress their reproduction or growth, or are effective against fungal infection.
CSP

a drug that kills fungus
CHV

Drugs that treat infections caused by fungi.
NCI

Substances that treat systemic or topical infections caused by fungi. Antifungal agents kill or inhibit the growth of fungi, by various mechanisms. Mechanisms include inhibition of fungal mitosis, impairing synthesis or binding to ergosterol, incorporation into RNA or DNA synthesis inhibition.
NCI

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lithium

An element in the alkali metals family. It has the atomic symbol Li, atomic number 3, and atomic weight [6.938; 6.997]. Salts of lithium are used in treating BIPOLAR DISORDER.
MSH

white metal, symbol Li, atomic number 3; lithium salts are used in treating the manic phase of bipolar disorder.
CSP

A monovalent cation that is metabolized much like sodium and is important in many cellular functions inside or on the surface of cells.
NCI

An element with atomic symbol Li, atomic number 3, and atomic weight 6.941.
NCI

A soft metal. Lithium salts are used to treat certain mental disorders, especially bipolar (manic depressive) disorder. Lithium salts include lithium carbonate and lithium citrate.
NCI

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fraktury nespojené

A fracture in which union fails to occur, the ends of the bone becoming rounded and eburnated, and a false joint occurs. (Stedman, 25th ed)
MSH

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mazové žlázy – nádory

new abnormal sebaceous gland tissue that grows by excessive cellular division and proliferation more rapidly than normal and continues to grow after the stimuli that initiated the new growth cease.
CSP

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cystamin

A radiation-protective agent that interferes with sulfhydryl enzymes. It may also protect against carbon tetrachloride liver damage.
MSH

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oscilometrie

The measurement of frequency or oscillation changes.
MSH

study of the records of oscillations in electric current waveform.
CSP

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antimalarika

Agents used in the treatment of malaria. They are usually classified on the basis of their action against plasmodia at different stages in their life cycle in the human. (From AMA, Drug Evaluations Annual, 1992, p1585)
MSH

agent used in the treatment or prevention of malaria.
CSP

Agents used to treat malaria, and are usually classified based on action against plasmodia at different stages in their life cycle in the human.
NCI

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Nephropidae

Family of large marine CRUSTACEA, in the order DECAPODA. These are called clawed lobsters because they bear pincers on the first three pairs of legs. The American lobster and Cape lobster in the genus Homarus are commonly used for food.
MSH

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fruktany

Polysaccharides composed of D-fructose units.
MSH

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autostimulace

Stimulation of the brain, which is self-administered. The stimulation may result in negative or positive reinforcement.
MSH

stimulation which is self-administered; the stimulation may result in negative or positive reinforcement.
CSP

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cytidindeaminasa

An enzyme that catalyzes the deamination of cytidine, forming uridine. EC 3.5.4.5.
MSH

Cytidine deaminase (146 aa, ~16 kDa) is encoded by the human CDA gene. This protein is involved in the deamination of cytidine and deoxycytidine to uridine and deoxyuridine, respectively. (Entrez Gene)
NCI

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