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Chlamydiaceae – infekce

Infections with bacteria of the family CHLAMYDIACEAE.
MSH

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pyridoxalkinasa

An enzyme that catalyzes reversibly the phosphorylation of pyridoxal in the presence of ATP with the formation of pyridoxal 5-phosphate and ADP. Pyridoxine, pyridoxamine and various derivatives can also act as acceptors. EC 2.7.1.35.
MSH

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lymfatický systém – ozáření

External or interstitial irradiation to treat lymphomas (e.g., Hodgkin`s and non-Hodgkin`s lymphomas) and lymph node metastases and also some autoimmune diseases, such as rheumatoid arthritis.
MSH

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ageuzie

Complete or severe loss of the subjective sense of taste, frequently accompanied by OLFACTION DISORDERS.
MSH

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gama-globuliny

serum globulins that migrate in the gamma region on electrophoresis; gamma-globulin at one time was used as a synonym for immunoglobulin, since most immunoglobulins are gamma globulins; however since some immunoglobulins exhibit an alpha or beta electrophoretic mobility, that usage is in decline.
CSP

a group of blood proteins that contains antibodies
CHV

A type of globulin in plasma that in electrically charged solutions exhibits slowest colloidal mobility after that of the alpha and beta globulins. All immunoglobulins belong to this group of serum protein.
NCI

Serum globulins that migrate to the gamma region (most positively charged) upon ELECTROPHORESIS. At one time, gamma-globulins came to be used as a synonym for immunoglobulins since most immunoglobulins are gamma globulins and conversely most gamma globulins are immunoglobulins. But since some immunoglobulins exhibit an alpha or beta electrophoretic mobility, that usage is in decline.
MSH

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nitrofenoly chlorortuťnaté

Mercuriphenols substituted with one or more chlorine atoms and one or more nitro groups. Some of these are sulfhydryl reagents which act as chromophoric probes in enzymes and other proteins.
MSH

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pyruvátkarboxylasa – nedostatek

An autosomal recessive metabolic disorder caused by absent or decreased PYRUVATE CARBOXYLASE activity, the enzyme that regulates gluconeogenesis, lipogenesis, and neurotransmitter synthesis. Clinical manifestations include lactic acidosis, seizures, respiratory distress, marked psychomotor delay, periodic HYPOGLYCEMIA, and hypotonia. The clinical course may be similar to LEIGH DISEASE. (From Am J Hum Genet 1998 Jun;62(6):1312-9)
MSH

A rare autosomal recessive inherited metabolic disorder caused by mutations in the PC gene. It results in the accumulation of lactic acid and other toxic substances in the blood. Signs and symptoms appear early in life and include failure to thrive, mental and growth retardation, motor disturbances, seizures, and lactic acidosis.
NCI

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lysinoalanin

N(6)-(2-Amino-2-carboxyethyl)-L-lysine. An unusual amino acid, not a dipeptide, which has been found in proteins of cooked foods. It is formed in food that is heated or treated with alkali. Has been implicated in nephrocytomegalia in rats.
MSH

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tlak vzduchu

The force per unit area that the air exerts on any surface in contact with it. Primarily used for articles pertaining to air pressure within a closed environment.
MSH

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plyn – čističe

Apparatus for removing exhaled or leaked anesthetic gases or other volatile agents, thus reducing the exposure of operating room personnel to such agents, as well as preventing the buildup of potentially explosive mixtures in operating rooms or laboratories.
MSH

A gas-scavenging apparatus is a device intended to collect excess anesthetic, analgesic, or trace gases or vapors from a patient`s breathing system, ventilator, or extracorporeal pump-oxygenator, and to conduct these gases out of the area by means of an exhaust system.
SPN

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sklerozující cholangitida

Chronic inflammatory disease of the BILIARY TRACT. It is characterized by fibrosis and hardening of the intrahepatic and extrahepatic biliary ductal systems leading to bile duct strictures, CHOLESTASIS, and eventual BILIARY CIRRHOSIS.
MSH

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chinakrinová hořčice

Nitrogen mustard analog of quinacrine used primarily as a stain in the studies of chromosomes and chromatin. Fluoresces by reaction with nucleic acids in chromosomes.
MSH

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mycetom

A chronic progressive subcutaneous infection caused by species of fungi (eumycetoma), or actinomycetes (actinomycetoma). It is characterized by tumefaction, abscesses, and tumor-like granules representing microcolonies of pathogens, such as MADURELLA fungi and bacteria ACTINOMYCETES, with different grain colors.
MSH

A chronic granulomatous inflammation involving the deep dermis and the subcutaneous tissues. It is caused by fungi and actinomycetes.
NCI

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methanol

A colorless, flammable liquid used in the manufacture of FORMALDEHYDE and ACETIC ACID, in chemical synthesis, antifreeze, and as a solvent. Ingestion of methanol is toxic and may cause blindness.
MSH

colorless, flammable liquid, CH3OH; an alcohol used in chemical synthesis, in antifreeze, and as a solvent; ingestion of methanol is toxic and may cause blindness.
CSP

Used as a solvent and as an intermediate in chemical synthesis. Component of deicing mixtures and preservatives. Toxic.
NCI

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gastrointestinální hemoragie

Bleeding in any segment of the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT from ESOPHAGUS to RECTUM.
MSH

escape of blood from the vessels, or bleeding, in the gastrointestinal tract.
CSP

Your digestive or gastrointestinal (GI) tract includes the esophagus, stomach, small intestine, large intestine or colon, rectum and anus. Bleeding can come from one or more of these areas. The amount of bleeding can be so small that only a lab test can find it.

GI bleeding is not a disease, but a symptom of a disease. There are many possible causes of GI bleeding, including

The test used most often to look for the cause of GI bleeding is called endoscopy. It uses a flexible instrument inserted through the mouth or rectum to view the inside of the GI tract. A type of endoscopy called colonoscopy looks at the large intestine.

NIH: National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases


MEDLINEPLUS

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estery cholesterolu

Fatty acid esters of cholesterol which constitute about two-thirds of the cholesterol in the plasma. The accumulation of cholesterol esters in the arterial intima is a characteristic feature of atherosclerosis.
MSH

fatty acid esters of cholesterol which constitute about two-thirds of the cholesterol in human plasma; accumulation of cholesterol esters in the arterial intima is a characteristic feature of atherosclerosis.
CSP

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radiační účinky

The effects of ionizing and nonionizing radiation upon living organisms, organs and tissues, and their constituents, and upon physiologic processes. It includes the effect of irradiation on food, drugs, and chemicals.
MSH

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malátsynthasa

An important enzyme in the glyoxylic acid cycle which reversibly catalyzes the synthesis of L-malate from acetyl-CoA and glyoxylate. This enzyme was formerly listed as EC 4.1.3.2.
MSH

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algináty

Salts of alginic acid that are extracted from marine kelp and used to make dental impressions and as absorbent material for surgical dressings.
MSH

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exprese genu – regulace leukemická

Any of the processes by which nuclear, cytoplasmic, or intercellular factors influence the differential control of gene action in leukemia.
MSH

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chorea

Involuntary, forcible, rapid, jerky movements that may be subtle or become confluent, markedly altering normal patterns of movement. Hypotonia and pendular reflexes are often associated. Conditions which feature recurrent or persistent episodes of chorea as a primary manifestation of disease are referred to as CHOREATIC DISORDERS. Chorea is also a frequent manifestation of BASAL GANGLIA DISEASES.
MSH

ceaseless occurrence of rapid, highly complex jerky movements that appear to be well coordinated but are performed involuntarily.
CSP

A neurological condition affecting the involuntary movements. It is characterized by brief, non-repetitive irregular muscle contractions. It is seen in patients with Huntington`s disease.
NCI

a group of diseases marked by involuntary and jerky movements
CHV

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rentgendiagnostika zubní

radiographic techniques used in dentistry.
CSP

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mamografie

Radiographic examination of the breast.
MSH

radiography of the mammary gland.
CSP

The use of film or a computer to create a picture of the breast.
NCI

An x-ray of the breast.
NCI

A mammogram is a special type of X-ray of the breasts. Mammograms can show tumors long before they are big enough for you or your health care provider to feel. They are recommended for women who have symptoms of breast cancer or who have a high risk of the disease. You and your health care provider should discuss when to start having mammograms and how often to get one.

Mammograms are quick and easy. You stand in front of an X-ray machine. The person who takes the X-rays places your breast between two plastic plates. The plates press your breast and make it flat. This may be uncomfortable, but it helps get a clear picture. You will have an X-ray of each breast. A mammogram takes only a few seconds and it can help save your life.

NIH: National Cancer Institute


MEDLINEPLUS

A type of radiography used specifically to examine breast tissue. The procedure utilizes a low-dose of x-rays or radiation to generate an image. A mammography exam or mammogram, is used as a screening tool to detect early breast cancer in women experiencing no symptoms and to detect and diagnose breast disease.
NCI

A low voltage X-ray photograph of the breast generally done to detect breast cancer. This method is also valuable in diagnosis of benign abnormal conditions of the breast such as fibroadenoma, mastitis, abscess, and cysts.
NCI

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aloxan

pyrimidine ring with carbonyl oxygens at all 4 carbon atoms; an oxidation product of uric acid which, by destroying beta cells in the pancreas, can cause diabetes mellitus; an experimental antineoplastic.
CSP

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geny dominantní

Genes that influence the PHENOTYPE both in the homozygous and the heterozygous state.
MSH

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chromatografie DEAE-celulózová

A type of ion exchange chromatography using diethylaminoethyl cellulose (DEAE-CELLULOSE) as a positively charged resin. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
MSH

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rafoxanid

Veterinary anthelmintic for grazing animals; used to treat fluke, hookworm and other infestations.
MSH

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mannosafosfáty

Phosphoric acid esters of mannose.
MSH

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alfa-MSH

A 13-amino acid peptide derived from proteolytic cleavage of ADRENOCORTICOTROPIC HORMONE, the N-terminal segment of ACTH. ACTH (1-13) is amidated at the C-terminal to form ACTH (1-13)NH2 which in turn is acetylated to form alpha-MSH in the secretory granules. Alpha-MSH stimulates the synthesis and distribution of MELANIN in MELANOCYTES in mammals and MELANOPHORES in lower vertebrates.
MSH

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genetika

The branch of science concerned with the means and consequences of transmission and generation of the components of biological inheritance. (Stedman, 26th ed)
MSH

branch of science concerned with the means and consequences of transmission and generation of the components of biological inheritance; the study of genes and their heredity.
CSP

The study of genes and heredity. Heredity is the passing of genetic information and traits (such as eye color and an increased chance of getting a certain disease) from parents to offspring.
NCI

The branch of biology that deals with heredity, especially the mechanisms of hereditary transmission and the variation of inherited characteristics among similar or related organisms
NCI

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