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ANEMIA HEMOLITIKOA

Hemolytic anemia due to various intrinsic defects of the erythrocyte.
MSH

includes hereditary erythrocyte membrane defects, enzyme deficiencies, hemoglobin abnormalities, stem cell defects (paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria), and alloimmune (Rh) disease of newborn.
CSP

A congenital hemolytic anemia caused by defects of the erythrocyte membrane, enzyme deficiencies, or hemoglobinopathies.
NCI

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státní zdravotnické plány

State plans prepared by the State Health Planning and Development Agencies which are made up from plans submitted by the Health Systems Agencies and subject to review and revision by the Statewide Health Coordinating Council.
MSH

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neutronová aktivační analýza

Activation analysis in which the specimen is bombarded with neutrons. Identification is made by measuring the resulting radioisotopes. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
MSH

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lékárenská služba nemocnice

Hospital department responsible for the receiving, storing, and distribution of pharmaceutical supplies.
MSH

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hypoaldosteronismus

A congenital or acquired condition of insufficient production of ALDOSTERONE by the ADRENAL CORTEX leading to diminished aldosterone-mediated synthesis of Na(+)-K(+)-EXCHANGING ATPASE in renal tubular cells. Clinical symptoms include HYPERKALEMIA, sodium-wasting, HYPOTENSION, and sometimes metabolic ACIDOSIS.
MSH

aldosterone deficiency, usually associated with hypoadrenalism and characterized by hypotension, dehydration, and a tendency to excrete excessive amounts of sodium.
CSP

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kosmetické techniky

Procedures for the improvement or enhancement of the appearance of the visible parts of the body.
MSH

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anetholtrithion

Choleretic used to allay dry mouth and constipation due to tranquilizers.
MSH

A substance that is being studied in the treatment of cancer.
NCI

A substituted dithiolthione and analog of chemopreventive agent oltipraz. Anethole trithione is a bile secretion-stimulating drug that restores salivation and relieves the discomfort of dry mouth in chemotherapy-induced xerostomia. In addition, this agent has exhibited chemopreventive properties. The mechanism of action for the chemopreventive and xerostomia properties have not been fully elucidated.
NCI

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steroid-17-alfa-hydroxylasa

A microsomal cytochrome P450 enzyme that catalyzes the 17-alpha-hydroxylation of progesterone or pregnenolone and subsequent cleavage of the residual two carbons at C17 in the presence of molecular oxygen and NADPH-FERRIHEMOPROTEIN REDUCTASE. This enzyme, encoded by CYP17 gene, generates precursors for glucocorticoid, androgen, and estrogen synthesis. Defects in CYP17 gene cause congenital adrenal hyperplasia (ADRENAL HYPERPLASIA, CONGENITAL) and abnormal sexual differentiation.
MSH

Encoded by human CYP17A1 Gene (Cytochrome P450 Family), 508-aa 57-kDa Cytochrome P450 XVIIA1 is a cAMP-regulated endoplasmic reticulum P450 heme-thiolate monooxygenase with 17alpha-hydroxylase and 17,20-lyase activity and a key enzyme in the steroidogenic pathway that produces progestins, mineralocorticoids, glucocorticoids, androgens, and estrogens. Involved in fetal and adult sexual development, CYP17A1 converts pregnenolone and progesterone to their 17-alpha-hydroxylated products and subsequently to dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) and androstenedione. CYP17A1 mutations are associated with steroid-17 alpha-hydroxylase deficiency, 17-alpha-hydroxylase/17,20-lyase deficiency, pseudohermaphroditism, and adrenal hyperplasia type V (AH-V). P450 enzymes catalyze reactions involved in drug metabolism and synthesis of cholesterol, steroids and other lipids. (NCI)
NCI

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niklosamid

An antihelmintic that is active against most tapeworms. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p48)
MSH

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fenotyp

The outward appearance of the individual. It is the product of interactions between genes, and between the GENOTYPE and the environment.
MSH

the entire physical, biochemical, and physiological makeup of an individual as determined both genetically and environmentally; also, any one or any group of such traits.
CSP

The observable characteristics in an individual resulting from the expression of genes; the clinical presentation of an individual with a particular genotype.
NCI

Description:A genomic phenomenon that is expressed externally in the organism.


HL7V3.0

The assemblage of traits or outward appearance of an individual. It is the product of interactions between genes and between genes and the environment.
NCI

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area hypothalamica lateralis

This area is bounded medially by the mammillothalamic tract and the anterior column of fornix. The medial edge of the internal capsule and the subthalamic region form its lateral boundary. It contains the lateral hypothalamic nucleus, tuberomammillary nucleus, lateral tuberal nuclei, and fibers of the MEDIAL FOREBRAIN BUNDLE. (Parent, Carpenter`s Human Neuroanatomy, 9th ed, p710)
MSH

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viry coxsackie – infekce

A heterogeneous group of infections produced by coxsackieviruses, including HERPANGINA, aseptic meningitis (MENINGITIS, ASEPTIC), a common-cold-like syndrome, a non-paralytic poliomyelitis-like syndrome, epidemic pleurodynia (PLEURODYNIA, EPIDEMIC) and a serious MYOCARDITIS.
MSH

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Aniline

compounds containing a benzene ring and an amine group.
CSP

Dye and chemical solution stains for medical purposes are mixtures of synthetic or natural dyes or nondye chemicals in solutions used in staining cells and tissues for diagnostic histopathology, cytopathology, or hematology.
SPN

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stomatitida herpetická

Stomatitis caused by Herpesvirus hominis. It usually occurs as acute herpetic stomatitis (or gingivostomatitis), an oral manifestation of primary herpes simplex seen primarily in children and adolescents.
MSH

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Nisslova tělíska

Subcellular structures found in nerve cell bodies and DENDRITES. They consist of granular endoplasmic reticulum (ENDOPLASMIC RETICULUM, ROUGH) and RIBOSOMES.
MSH

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Phialophora

A mitosporic fungal genus. Phialophora verrucosa is a cause of chromomycosis (CHROMOBLASTOMYCOSIS). Ophiobolus is the teleomorph of Phialophora.
MSH

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kyselina ibotenová

A neurotoxic isoxazole (similar to KAINIC ACID and MUSCIMOL) found in AMANITA mushrooms. It causes motor depression, ataxia, and changes in mood, perceptions and feelings, and is a potent excitatory amino acid agonist.
MSH

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prstencová chrupavka

The small thick cartilage that forms the lower and posterior parts of the laryngeal wall.
MSH

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kotník

The region of the lower limb between the FOOT and the LEG.
MSH

joint formed by the articulation of the lower leg bones with the talus; ankle connects the foot with the leg.
CSP

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stresové poruchy traumatické

Anxiety disorders manifested by the development of characteristic symptoms following a psychologically traumatic event that is outside the normal range of usual human experience. Symptoms include re-experiencing the traumatic event, increased arousal, and numbing of responsiveness to or reduced involvement with the external world. Traumatic stress disorders can be further classified by the time of onset and the duration of these symptoms.
MSH

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4-nitrofenylfosfatasa

An enzyme that catalyzes the hydrolysis of nitrophenyl phosphates to nitrophenols. At acid pH it is probably ACID PHOSPHATASE (EC 3.1.3.2); at alkaline pH it is probably ALKALINE PHOSPHATASE (EC 3.1.3.1). EC 3.1.3.41.
MSH

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fosfamidon

An organophosphate cholinesterase inhibitor that is used as an insecticide.
MSH

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ileostomie

Surgical creation of an external opening into the ILEUM for fecal diversion or drainage. This replacement for the RECTUM is usually created in patients with severe INFLAMMATORY BOWEL DISEASES. Loop (continent) or tube (incontinent) procedures are most often employed.
MSH

An opening into the ileum, part of the small intestine, from the outside of the body. An ileostomy provides a new path for waste material to leave the body after part of the intestine has been removed.
NCI

a surgery that makes an opening into the ileum (part of the small bowel)
CHV

Surgical creation of an external opening into the ileum for fecal diversion or drainage. Loop or tube procedures are most often employed. (MeSH)
NCI

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berle

Wooden or metal staffs designed to aid a person in walking. (UMDNS,1999)
MSH

A crutch is a device intended for medical purposes for use by disabled persons to provide minimal to moderate weight support while walking.
SPN

A wooden or metal staff that fits under the armpit and reaches to the ground, used as an aid while walking.
NCI

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antrakóza

A diffuse parenchymal lung disease caused by accumulation of inhaled CARBON or coal dust. The disease can progress from asymptomatic anthracosis to massive lung fibrosis. This lung lesion usually occurs in coal miners, but can be seen in urban dwellers and tobacco smokers.
MSH

A chronic lung disorder characterized by deposition of coal dust in the lung parenchyma leading to the formation of black nodules and emphysema. It occurs in coal miners.
NCI

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epidemiologický výzkum – projekt

The form and structure of analytic studies in epidemiologic and clinical research.
MSH

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nomifensin

An isoquinoline derivative that prevents dopamine reuptake into synaptosomes. The maleate was formerly used in the treatment of depression. It was withdrawn worldwide in 1986 due to the risk of acute hemolytic anemia with intravascular hemolysis resulting from its use. In some cases, renal failure also developed. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p266)
MSH

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fosfolipasa D

An enzyme found mostly in plant tissue. It hydrolyzes glycerophosphatidates with the formation of a phosphatidic acid and a nitrogenous base such as choline. This enzyme also catalyzes transphosphatidylation reactions. EC 3.1.4.4.
MSH

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imunita

nonsusceptibility to the invasive or pathogenic effects of foreign microorganisms or to the toxic effect of antigenic substances.
CSP

Definition:Testing has shown that the patient already has immunity to the agent targeted by the immunization.


HL7V3.0

The protection against infectious disease conferred by the immune response. It encompasses the capacity to distinguish foreign material from self, and to neutralize, eliminate, or metabolize that which is foreign.
NCI

The condition of being protected against an infectious disease. Immunity can be caused by a vaccine, previous infection with the same agent, or by transfer of immune substances from another person or animal.
NCI

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nervosvalové látky nedepolarizující

Drugs that interrupt transmission at the skeletal neuromuscular junction without causing depolarization of the motor end plate. They prevent acetylcholine from triggering muscle contraction and are used as muscle relaxants during electroshock treatments, in convulsive states, and as anesthesia adjuvants.
MSH

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