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absces

Accumulation of purulent material in tissues, organs, or circumscribed spaces, usually associated with signs of infection.
MSH

An abscess is a pocket of pus. You can get an abscess almost anywhere in your body. When an area becomes infected, your body`s immune system tries to fight it. White blood cells go to the infected area, collect within the damaged tissue and cause inflammation. During this process, pus forms. Pus is the buildup of fluid, living and dead white blood cells, dead tissue and bacteria or other foreign substances.

Bacteria, viruses, parasites and swallowed objects can all lead to abscesses. Skin abscesses are easy to detect. They are red, raised and painful. Abscesses inside your body may not be obvious and can damage organs, including the brain, lungs and others. Treatments include drainage and antibiotics.


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nervosvalové látky nedepolarizující

Drugs that interrupt transmission at the skeletal neuromuscular junction without causing depolarization of the motor end plate. They prevent acetylcholine from triggering muscle contraction and are used as muscle relaxants during electroshock treatments, in convulsive states, and as anesthesia adjuvants.
MSH

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Deltaretrovirus – antigeny

Antigens associated with the DELTARETROVIRUS; HTLV-I ANTIGENS and HTLV-II ANTIGENS belong to this group.
MSH

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propolis

A resinous substance obtained from beehives that is used traditionally as an antimicrobial. It is a heterogeneous mixture of many substances.
MSH

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protilátky anti-idiotypické

Antibodies which react with the individual structural determinants (idiotopes) on the variable region of other antibodies.
MSH

antibodies which react with the individual structural determinants (idiotypes) on a particular immunoglobulin (antibody) molecule.
CSP

An antibody directed against the individual antigenic determinants (idiotopes) on the variable region of an immunoglobulin molecule. In principle an anti-idiotype antibody should inhibit a specific immune response and they are important to the regulation of the immune system.
NCI

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Nematospiroides dubius

A species of intestinal nematode parasites which occur most commonly in mice. Infection is by ingesting larvae. This particular species is used extensively in immunological research.
MSH

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akomodace oční

The dioptric adjustment of the EYE (to attain maximal sharpness of retinal imagery for an object of regard) referring to the ability, to the mechanism, or to the process. Ocular accommodation is the effecting of refractive changes by changes in the shape of the CRYSTALLINE LENS. Loosely, it refers to ocular adjustments for VISION, OCULAR at various distances. (Cline et al., Dictionary of Visual Science, 4th ed)
MSH

adjustment of the lens of the eye for various distances.
CSP

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cyklohexany

Six-carbon alicyclic hydrocarbons.
MSH

group of alicyclic hydrocarbons with the general formula R-C6H11.
CSP

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Hydantoin

group of anticonvulsants containing an allantoin heterocyclic base.
CSP

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prostaglandiny F

(9 alpha,11 alpha,13E,15S)-9,11,15-Trihydroxyprost-13-en-1-oic acid (PGF(1 alpha)); (5Z,9 alpha,11,alpha,13E,15S)-9,11,15-trihydroxyprosta-5,13-dien-1-oic acid (PGF(2 alpha)); (5Z,9 alpha,11 alpha,13E,15S,17Z)-9,11,15-trihydroxyprosta-5,13,17-trien-1-oic acid (PGF(3 alpha)). A family of prostaglandins that includes three of the six naturally occurring prostaglandins. All naturally occurring PGF have an alpha configuration at the 9-carbon position. They stimulate uterine and bronchial smooth muscle and are often used as oxytocics.
MSH

stable prostaglandin formed from PGH2 or PGE2; stimulates the contraction of uterine and bronchial smooth muscle and produces vasoconstriction in some vessels.
CSP

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antifungální látky

Substances that destroy fungi by suppressing their ability to grow or reproduce. They differ from FUNGICIDES, INDUSTRIAL because they defend against fungi present in human or animal tissues.
MSH

substances that are destructive to fungi, suppress their reproduction or growth, or are effective against fungal infection.
CSP

a drug that kills fungus
CHV

Drugs that treat infections caused by fungi.
NCI

Substances that treat systemic or topical infections caused by fungi. Antifungal agents kill or inhibit the growth of fungi, by various mechanisms. Mechanisms include inhibition of fungal mitosis, impairing synthesis or binding to ergosterol, incorporation into RNA or DNA synthesis inhibition.
NCI

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nádory ze svalové tkáně

Neoplasms composed of muscle tissue: skeletal, cardiac, or smooth. The concept does not refer to neoplasms located in muscles.
MSH

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acetoxyacetylaminofluoren

An alkylating agent that forms DNA ADDUCTS at the C-8 position in GUANINE, resulting in single strand breaks. It has demonstrated carcinogenic action.
MSH

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cystamin

A radiation-protective agent that interferes with sulfhydryl enzymes. It may also protect against carbon tetrachloride liver damage.
MSH

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sirovodík

A flammable, poisonous gas with a characteristic odor of rotten eggs. It is used in the manufacture of chemicals, in metallurgy, and as an analytical reagent. (From Merck Index, 11th ed)
MSH

toxic gas, H2S.
CSP

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proteinkinasa C

An serine-threonine protein kinase that requires the presence of physiological concentrations of CALCIUM and membrane PHOSPHOLIPIDS. The additional presence of DIACYLGLYCEROLS markedly increases its sensitivity to both calcium and phospholipids. The sensitivity of the enzyme can also be increased by PHORBOL ESTERS and it is believed that protein kinase C is the receptor protein of tumor-promoting phorbol esters.
MSH

nonEC.
CSP

An enzyme found throughout the body`s tissues and organs. Several forms of PKC are involved in many cellular functions. PKC is being studied in the treatment of cancer.
NCI

A family of serine/threonine protein kinases that have a structurally conserved catalytic subunit and a regulatory subunit that are connected by a hinge domain.
NCI

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antimalarika

Agents used in the treatment of malaria. They are usually classified on the basis of their action against plasmodia at different stages in their life cycle in the human. (From AMA, Drug Evaluations Annual, 1992, p1585)
MSH

agent used in the treatment or prevention of malaria.
CSP

Agents used to treat malaria, and are usually classified based on action against plasmodia at different stages in their life cycle in the human.
NCI

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nervy – degenerace

Loss of functional activity and trophic degeneration of nerve axons and their terminal arborizations following the destruction of their cells of origin or interruption of their continuity with these cells. The pathology is characteristic of neurodegenerative diseases. Often the process of nerve degeneration is studied in research on neuroanatomical localization and correlation of the neurophysiology of neural pathways.
MSH

loss of functional activity and trophic degeneration of nerve axons and their terminal arborizations following the destruction of their cells of origin or interruption of their continuity with these cells.
CSP

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Achondrogeneze

A rare group of disorders characterized by defective development of bones and cartilage.
NCI

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cytidindeaminasa

An enzyme that catalyzes the deamination of cytidine, forming uridine. EC 3.5.4.5.
MSH

Cytidine deaminase (146 aa, ~16 kDa) is encoded by the human CDA gene. This protein is involved in the deamination of cytidine and deoxycytidine to uridine and deoxyuridine, respectively. (Entrez Gene)
NCI

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kyselina hydroxyindoloctová

A breakdown product of serotonin that is excreted in the urine. Serotonin is a hormone found at high levels in many body tissues. Serotonin and 5HIAA are produced in excess amounts by carcinoid tumors, and levels of these substances may be measured in the urine to test for carcinoid tumors.
NCI

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Prototheca

A genus of achlorophyllic algae in the family Chlorellaceae, and closely related to CHLORELLA. It is found in decayed matter; WATER; SEWAGE; and SOIL; and produces cutaneous and disseminated infections in various VERTEBRATES including humans.
MSH

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treponematocidní látky

Agents used to treat infections with bacteria of the genus TREPONEMA. This includes SYPHILIS & YAWS.
MSH

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neurilema

The nerve husk. The outermost part of the MYELIN SHEATH covering a myelinated nerve fiber (NERVE FIBERS, MYELINATED) or a bundle of unmyelinated nerve fibers (NERVE FIBERS, UNMYELINATED).
MSH

Neural tissue which consists of Schwann cells.
FMA

Nerve sheath that is part of the myelinated segment of an axon. It is composed of Schwann cells.
NCI

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AIDS

An acquired defect of cellular immunity associated with infection by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), a CD4-positive T-lymphocyte count under 200 cells/microliter or less than 14% of total lymphocytes, and increased susceptibility to opportunistic infections and malignant neoplasms. Clinical manifestations also include emaciation (wasting) and dementia. These elements reflect criteria for AIDS as defined by the CDC in 1993.
MSH

one or more indicator diseases, depending on laboratory evidence of HIV infection (CDC); late phase of HIV infection characterized by marked suppression of immune function resulting in opportunistic infections, neoplasms, and other systemic symptoms (NIAID).
CSP

A disease caused by human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). People with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome are at an increased risk for developing certain cancers and for infections that usually occur only in individuals with a weak immune system.
NCI

A syndrome resulting from the acquired deficiency of cellular immunity caused by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). It is characterized by the reduction of the Helper T-lymphocytes in the peripheral blood and the lymph nodes. Symptoms include generalized lymphadenopathy, fever, weight loss, and chronic diarrhea. Patients with AIDS are especially susceptible to opportunistic infections (usually pneumocystis carinii pneumonia, cytomegalovirus (CMV) infections, tuberculosis, candida infections, and cryptococcosis), and the development of malignant neoplasms (usually non-Hodgkin`s lymphoma and Kaposi`s sarcoma). The human immunodeficiency virus is transmitted through sexual contact, sharing of contaminated needles, or transfusion of contaminated blood.
NCI

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biologie buňky

for thorough searching also see CYTOLOGY.
CSP

The study of the structure, behavior, growth, reproduction, and pathology of cells; and the function and chemistry of cellular components.
MSH

The study of cells using a microscope.
NCI

The light microscopic study of normal and abnormal cells in fine needle aspirates (FNAs), body cavity fluids, and smears.
NCI

The study of the internal workings of cells at the microscopic and molecular level. (On-line Medical Dictionary)
NCI

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hyperbilirubinémie dědičná

Inborn errors of bilirubin metabolism resulting in excessive amounts of bilirubin in the circulating blood, either because of increased bilirubin production or because of delayed clearance of bilirubin from the blood.
MSH

An inherited disorder affecting the metabolism of bilirubin. It results in increased levels of bilirubin in the blood. Representative examples of this condition include Gilbert syndrome and Crigler-Najjar syndrome.
NCI

inborn errors of bilirubin metabolism resulting in excessive amounts of bilirubin in the circulating blood, either because of increased bilirubin production or because of delayed clearance of bilirubin from the blood.
CSP

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Pseudomonas pseudomallei

A species of gram-negative, aerobic bacteria that causes MELIOIDOSIS. It has been isolated from soil and water in tropical regions, particularly Southeast Asia.
MSH

Any bacterial organism that can be assigned to the species Burkholderia pseudomallei.
NCI

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aortální chlopeň – stenóza

A pathological constriction that can occur above (supravalvular stenosis), below (subvalvular stenosis), or at the AORTIC VALVE. It is characterized by restricted outflow from the LEFT VENTRICLE into the AORTA.
MSH

constriction in the opening of the aortic valve or of the supravalvular or subvalvular regions.
CSP

Narrowing of the orifice of the aortic valve or of the supravalvular or subvalvular regions.
NCI

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nervosvalová vřeténka

Skeletal muscle structures that function as the mechanoreceptors responsible for the stretch or myotactic reflex (REFLEX, STRETCH). They are composed of a bundle of encapsulated SKELETAL MUSCLE FIBERS, i.e., the intrafusal fibers (nuclear bag1 fibers, nuclear bag2 fibers, and nuclear chain fibers) innervated by sensory neurons.
MSH

The Muscle Spindle is composed of intrafusal fibers that are located within and run parallel to the extrafusal fibers of skeletal muscle. When the extrafusal fibers are stretched, the intrafusal fibers of the spindle stretch as well. When stretching occurs, the sensory neuron from the muscle spindle signals the motor neurons located within the ventral horn of the spinal cord. This signal causes the motor neurons to fire, resulting in contraction of the muscle. This reflex arc provides negative feedback. The muscular contraction induced by the stretching works against or negates further muscle stretch. This mechanism helps to maintain proper muscle tension or tone. Although the muscle spindle helps to maintain proper muscle tension, unlike the Golgi tendon organ, it is not an indicator of muscle tension, but rather of muscle length.
NCI

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