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Tenericutes

A taxonomic phylum within kingdom Bacteria consisting of the Mollicutes, a class of intracellular parasitic bacteria without a cell wall.
NCI

A phylum of gram-negative bacteria consisting of cells bounded by a plasma membrane. Its organisms differ from other bacteria in that they are devoid of cell walls. This phylum was formerly the class Mollicutes. Mollicutes is now the sole class in the phylum Tenericutes.
MSH

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aromatické hydroxylasy

A large group of cytochrome P-450 (heme-thiolate) monooxygenases that complex with NAD(P)H-FLAVIN OXIDOREDUCTASE in numerous mixed-function oxidations of aromatic compounds. They catalyze hydroxylation of a broad spectrum of substrates and are important in the metabolism of steroids, drugs, and toxins such as PHENOBARBITAL, carcinogens, and insecticides.
MSH

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pantethein

An intermediate in the pathway of coenzyme A formation in mammalian liver and some microorganisms.
MSH

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hemoglobin A

Normal adult human hemoglobin. The globin moiety consists of two alpha and two beta chains.
MSH

normal adult hemoglobin, composed of 2 alpha and 2 beta chains.
CSP

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zubní čepy

Small cylindrical pieces of metal used to enhance retention.
MSH

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kůže – absorpce

Uptake of substances through the SKIN.
MSH

to take in or assimilate substances into or across the skin.
CSP

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monomethylhydrazin

Hydrazine substituted by one methyl group.
MSH

hydrazines substituted by one or more methyl groups.
CSP

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aspartátaminotransferasy

Enzymes of the transferase class that catalyze the conversion of L-aspartate and 2-ketoglutarate to oxaloacetate and L-glutamate. EC 2.6.1.1.
MSH

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Paragonimus

A genus of lung flukes of the family Troglotrematidae infecting humans and animals. This genus consists of several species one of which is PARAGONIMUS WESTERMANI, a common lung fluke in humans.
MSH

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hemoragická nemoc novorozenců

self-limited hemorrhagic disorder of the first days of life, caused by a deficiency of the vitamin K-dependent blood coagulation factors II, VII, IX, and X.
CSP

Neonatal nasogastric or intracranial hemorrhage caused by vitamin K deficiency.
MSH

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dentin – rozpustnost

The susceptibility of the DENTIN to dissolution.
MSH

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Slovinsko

Created 7 April 1992 as a result of the division of Yugoslavia.
MSH

A country in Central Europe, bordering the Adriatic Sea, between Austria and Croatia. (NCI)
NCI

A country in Central Europe, bordering the Adriatic Sea, between Austria and Croatia. (CIA World Factbook 2002)
NCI

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MOS gene

This gene is involved in signal transduction and the control of meioses.
NCI

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astma z námahy

Asthma attacks following a period of exercise. Usually the induced attack is short-lived and regresses spontaneously. The magnitude of postexertional airway obstruction is strongly influenced by the environment in which exercise is performed (i.e. inhalation of cold air during physical exertion markedly augments the severity of the airway obstruction; conversely, warm humid air blunts or abolishes it).
MSH

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parapsychologie

Branch of psychology that deals with paranormal behavior and events such as telepathy, precognition, and clairvoyance, which are not explicable by present day “natural laws”.
MSH

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hepatitida

INFLAMMATION of the LIVER.
MSH

inflammation of the liver and liver disease involving degenerative or necrotic alterations of hepatocytes.
CSP

Disease of the liver causing inflammation. Symptoms include an enlarged liver, fever, nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, and dark urine.
NCI

Your liver helps your body digest food, store energy and remove poisons. Hepatitis is a swelling of the liver that makes it stop working well. It can lead to scarring, called cirrhosis, or to cancer.

Viruses cause most cases of hepatitis. The type of hepatitis is named for the virus that causes it; for example, hepatitis A, hepatitis B or hepatitis C. Drug or alcohol use can also lead to hepatitis. In other cases, your body mistakenly attacks its own tissues. You can help prevent some viral forms by getting a vaccine. Sometimes hepatitis goes away by itself. If it does not, it can be treated with drugs. Sometimes hepatitis lasts a lifetime.

Some people who have hepatitis have no symptoms. Others may have

  • Loss of appetite
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Diarrhea
  • Dark-colored urine and pale bowel movements
  • Stomach pain
  • Jaundice, yellowing of skin and eyes


MEDLINEPLUS

Inflammation of the liver; usually from a viral infection, but sometimes from toxic agents.
NCI

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kyselina deoxycholová

A bile acid formed by bacterial action from cholate. It is usually conjugated with glycine or taurine. Deoxycholic acid acts as a detergent to solubilize fats for intestinal absorption, is reabsorbed itself, and is used as a choleretic and detergent.
MSH

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společenská kontrola neformální

Those forms of control which are exerted in less concrete and tangible ways, as through folkways, mores, conventions, and public sentiment.
MSH

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ústa – nádory

Tumors or cancer of the MOUTH.
MSH

new abnormal tissue of the mouth that grows by excessive cellular division and proliferation more rapidly than normal and continues to grow after the stimuli that initiated the new growth cease.
CSP

A benign or malignant tumor involving the oral cavity and/or the lips.
NCI

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atrioventrikulární blokáda

Impaired impulse conduction from HEART ATRIA to HEART VENTRICLES. AV block can mean delayed or completely blocked impulse conduction.
MSH

A delay or failure in the conduction of a cardiac impulse from the atria to the ventricles at the level of the atrioventricular node.
NCI

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Parkinsonova nemoc

A progressive, degenerative neurologic disease characterized by a TREMOR that is maximal at rest, retropulsion (i.e. a tendency to fall backwards), rigidity, stooped posture, slowness of voluntary movements, and a masklike facial expression. Pathologic features include loss of melanin containing neurons in the substantia nigra and other pigmented nuclei of the brainstem. LEWY BODIES are present in the substantia nigra and locus coeruleus but may also be found in a related condition (LEWY BODY DISEASE, DIFFUSE) characterized by dementia in combination with varying degrees of parkinsonism. (Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p1059, pp1067-75)
MSH

progressive, degenerative disorder of the nervous system characterized by tremors, rigidity, bradykinesia, postural instability, and gait abnormalities; caused by a loss of neurons and a decrease of dopamine in the basal ganglia.
CSP

A progressive disorder of the nervous system marked by muscle tremors, muscle rigidity, decreased mobility, stooped posture, slow voluntary movements, and a mask-like facial expression.
NCI

Parkinson`s disease is a disorder that affects nerve cells, or neurons, in a part of the brain that controls muscle movement. In Parkinson`s, neurons that make a chemical called dopamine die or do not work properly. Dopamine normally sends signals that help coordinate your movements. No one knows what damages these cells. Symptoms of Parkinson`s disease may include

  • Trembling of hands, arms, legs, jaw and face
  • Stiffness of the arms, legs and trunk
  • Slowness of movement
  • Poor balance and coordination

As symptoms get worse, people with the disease may have trouble walking, talking or doing simple tasks. They may also have problems such as depression, sleep problems or trouble chewing, swallowing or speaking.

Parkinson`s usually begins around age 60, but it can start earlier. It is more common in men than in women. There is no cure for Parkinson`s disease. A variety of medicines sometimes help symptoms dramatically.


MEDLINEPLUS

A progressive degenerative disorder of the central nervous system characterized by loss of dopamine producing neurons in the substantia nigra and the presence of Lewy bodies in the substantia nigra and locus coeruleus. Signs and symptoms include tremor which is most pronounced during rest, muscle rigidity, slowing of the voluntary movements, a tendency to fall back, and a mask-like facial expression.
NCI

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heptanoáty

Salts and esters of the 7-carbon saturated monocarboxylic acid heptanoic acid.
MSH

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deprese reaktivní

Depression precipitated by events in a person`s life.
NCI

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společnosti farmaceutické

Societies whose membership is limited to pharmacists.
MSH

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ductus Mülleri

A pair of ducts near the WOLFFIAN DUCTS in a developing embryo. In the male embryo, they degenerate with the appearance of testicular ANTI-MULLERIAN HORMONE. In the absence of anti-mullerian hormone, mullerian ducts give rise to the female reproductive tract, including the OVIDUCTS; UTERUS; CERVIX; and VAGINA.
MSH

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poslech

Act of listening for sounds within the body.
MSH

Listening with a device, such as a stethoscope, to anatomical locations that produce audible sounds like the heart, lungs and abdomen.
NCI

the act of listening for sounds made by internal organs, as the heart and lungs
CHV

Listening with a device, such as a stethoscope, to anatomical locations that produce audible sounds like the heart, lungs and abdomen.
NCI

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patela

The flat, triangular bone situated at the anterior part of the KNEE.
MSH

A small flat triangular bone in front of the knee that articulates with the femur and protects the knee joint. (NCI)
NCI

A small flat triangular bone in front of the knee that articulates with the femur and protects the knee joint.
NCI

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hesperidin

A flavanone glycoside found in CITRUS fruit peels.
MSH

A flavonoid comprised of the flavanone hesperetin and the disaccharide rutinose.
NCI

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desmozómy

A type of junction that attaches one cell to its neighbor. One of a number of differentiated regions which occur, for example, where the cytoplasmic membranes of adjacent epithelial cells are closely apposed. It consists of a circular region of each membrane together with associated intracellular microfilaments and an intercellular material which may include, for example, mucopolysaccharides. (From Glick, Glossary of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, 1990; Singleton & Sainsbury, Dictionary of Microbiology and Molecular Biology, 2d ed)
MSH

A cell-cell junction in which: on the cytoplasmic surface of each interacting plasma membrane is a dense plaque composed of a mixture of intracellular anchor proteins; a bundle of keratin intermediate filaments is attached to the surface of each plaque; transmembrane adhesion proteins of the cadherin family bind to the plaques and interact through their extracellular domains to hold the adjacent membranes together by a Ca2+-dependent mechanism. [GOC:mah, GOC:mtg_muscle, ISBN:0815332181]
GO

Desmosomes are intercellular anchoring junctions that anchor intermediate filaments at membrane-associated plaques in adjoining cells. Desmosomes assemble in response to cell-cell contact and raised levels of extracellular calcium. Sensitivity to calcium levels is lost as desmosomes mature.
NCI

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Penicillin G Sodium

The sodium salt form of benzylpenicillin, a semi-synthetic, broad-spectrum penicillin antibiotic with bactericidal activity. Benzylpenicillin sodium binds to and inactivates penicillin-binding proteins (PBP) located on the inner membrane of the bacterial cell wall. Inactivation of PBPs interferes with the cross-linkage of peptidoglycan chains necessary for bacterial cell wall strength and rigidity. This results in the weakening of the bacterial cell wall and causes cell lysis.
NCI

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