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ductus Mülleri

A pair of ducts near the WOLFFIAN DUCTS in a developing embryo. In the male embryo, they degenerate with the appearance of testicular ANTI-MULLERIAN HORMONE. In the absence of anti-mullerian hormone, mullerian ducts give rise to the female reproductive tract, including the OVIDUCTS; UTERUS; CERVIX; and VAGINA.
MSH

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Achondrogeneze

A rare group of disorders characterized by defective development of bones and cartilage.
NCI

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hesperidin

A flavanone glycoside found in CITRUS fruit peels.
MSH

A flavonoid comprised of the flavanone hesperetin and the disaccharide rutinose.
NCI

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dysartrie

Disorders of speech articulation caused by imperfect coordination of pharynx, larynx, tongue, or face muscles. This may result from CRANIAL NERVE DISEASES; NEUROMUSCULAR DISEASES; CEREBELLAR DISEASES; BASAL GANGLIA DISEASES; BRAIN STEM diseases; or diseases of the corticobulbar tracts (see PYRAMIDAL TRACTS). The cortical language centers are intact in this condition. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p489)
MSH

imperfect speech articulation due to disturbances of muscular control.
CSP

Slow and slurred speech resulting from inability to coordinate the muscles that are used in speech. Causes include brain damage, Parkinson disease, and developmental causes.
NCI

A disorder characterized by slow and slurred speech resulting from an inability to coordinate the muscles used in speech.
NCI

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Prototheca

A genus of achlorophyllic algae in the family Chlorellaceae, and closely related to CHLORELLA. It is found in decayed matter; WATER; SEWAGE; and SOIL; and produces cutaneous and disseminated infections in various VERTEBRATES including humans.
MSH

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tělní krajiny

Anatomical areas of the body.
MSH

a general term for grouping regions of the body; preference is to use NTs.
CSP

Named areas of the body.
NCI

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svalové proteiny

The protein constituents of muscle, the major ones being ACTINS and MYOSINS. More than a dozen accessory proteins exist including TROPONIN; TROPOMYOSIN; and DYSTROPHIN.
MSH

protein constituents of muscle.
CSP

A special subset of proteins whose roles are directly related to the function of muscle cells. This group is comprised of both short and long filament polypeptides that are primarily involved in movement and muscle contraction and extension. Muscle proteins are also responsible for the conversion of chemical energy into mechanical energy.
NCI

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AIDS

An acquired defect of cellular immunity associated with infection by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), a CD4-positive T-lymphocyte count under 200 cells/microliter or less than 14% of total lymphocytes, and increased susceptibility to opportunistic infections and malignant neoplasms. Clinical manifestations also include emaciation (wasting) and dementia. These elements reflect criteria for AIDS as defined by the CDC in 1993.
MSH

one or more indicator diseases, depending on laboratory evidence of HIV infection (CDC); late phase of HIV infection characterized by marked suppression of immune function resulting in opportunistic infections, neoplasms, and other systemic symptoms (NIAID).
CSP

A disease caused by human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). People with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome are at an increased risk for developing certain cancers and for infections that usually occur only in individuals with a weak immune system.
NCI

A syndrome resulting from the acquired deficiency of cellular immunity caused by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). It is characterized by the reduction of the Helper T-lymphocytes in the peripheral blood and the lymph nodes. Symptoms include generalized lymphadenopathy, fever, weight loss, and chronic diarrhea. Patients with AIDS are especially susceptible to opportunistic infections (usually pneumocystis carinii pneumonia, cytomegalovirus (CMV) infections, tuberculosis, candida infections, and cryptococcosis), and the development of malignant neoplasms (usually non-Hodgkin`s lymphoma and Kaposi`s sarcoma). The human immunodeficiency virus is transmitted through sexual contact, sharing of contaminated needles, or transfusion of contaminated blood.
NCI

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hexosy

monosaccharide containing six carbon atoms in one molecule.
CSP

A class of monosaccharides with six carbon atoms.
NCI

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ucho střední

The space and structures directly internal to the TYMPANIC MEMBRANE and external to the inner ear (LABYRINTH). Its major components include the AUDITORY OSSICLES and the EUSTACHIAN TUBE that connects the cavity of middle ear (tympanic cavity) to the upper part of the throat.
MSH

portion of the ear between the tympanic membrane and the cochlea, containing the tympanic cavity and its bones, the malleus, incus, and stapes.
CSP

The part of the ear including the eardrum and ossicles. The middle ear leads to the inner ear. (NCI)
NCI

The part of the ear including the eardrum and ossicles. The middle ear leads to the inner ear.
NCI

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Pseudomonas pseudomallei

A species of gram-negative, aerobic bacteria that causes MELIOIDOSIS. It has been isolated from soil and water in tropical regions, particularly Southeast Asia.
MSH

Any bacterial organism that can be assigned to the species Burkholderia pseudomallei.
NCI

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transplantace kostní dřeně

The transference of BONE MARROW from one human or animal to another for a variety of purposes including HEMATOPOIETIC STEM CELL TRANSPLANTATION or MESENCHYMAL STEM CELL TRANSPLANTATION.
MSH

transference of bone marrow within an individual, between individuals of the same species, or between individuals of different species.
CSP

procedure to replace bone marrow that has been destroyed by treatment with high doses of anticancer drugs or radiation. Transplantation may be autologous (an individual`s own marrow saved before treatment), allogeneic (marrow donated by someone else), or syngeneic (marrow donated by an identical twin).
NCI

Bone marrow is the spongy tissue inside some of your bones, such as your hip and thigh bones. It contains immature cells, called stem cells. The stem cells can develop into the red blood cells that carry oxygen through your body, the white blood cells that fight infections, and the platelets that help with blood clotting.

If there is a problem with your bone marrow, a transplant can give you healthy new marrow. You could need a transplant because of a disease, such as bone marrow diseases or cancers like leukemia or lymphoma. Or you might need one if a strong cancer treatment kills your healthy blood cells.

People with cancer sometimes donate bone marrow before treatment to be transplanted later. But often the new marrow comes from a donor, either a close family member or someone unrelated.


MEDLINEPLUS

A procedure to replace diseased or pathologic bone marrow with transplanted healthy bone marrow cells.
NCI

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Mycobacteriaceae

A family of gram-positive bacteria found in soil and dairy products and as parasites on animals and man. Several are important pathogens.
MSH

A taxonomic family of bacterium in the phylum Actinobacteria that includes the genus Mycobacterium, among others.
NCI

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aktinomykóza cervikofaciální

A form of ACTINOMYCOSIS characterized by slow-growing inflammatory lesions of the lymph nodes that drain the mouth (lumpy jaw), reddening of the overlying skin, and intraperitoneal abscesses.
MSH

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histaminasa

A group of enzymes including those oxidizing primary monoamines, diamines, and histamine. They are copper proteins, and, as their action depends on a carbonyl group, they are sensitive to inhibition by semicarbazide. EC 1.4.3.6.
MSH

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echovirus 6 lidský

A species of ENTEROVIRUS that has caused outbreaks of aseptic meningitis in children and adults.
MSH

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psychologické testy

standardized tests designed to measure abilities, as in intelligence, aptitude, and achievement tests, or to evaluate personality traits.
CSP

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Borrelia

causes borreliosis in man; helical rod with 3-10 coarse uneven coils and bent or hooked ends; gram negative; unique motility by a flexing motion of the cell; transmited to man by the human louse or various species of ticks.
CSP

A genus of gram-negative, anaerobic, helical bacteria, various species of which produce RELAPSING FEVER in humans and other animals.
MSH

Any bacteria that is not assigned to the species level but can be assigned to the Borrelia genus level.
NCI

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myelitida

Inflammation of the spinal cord. Relatively common etiologies include infections; AUTOIMMUNE DISEASES; SPINAL CORD; and ischemia (see also SPINAL CORD VASCULAR DISEASES). Clinical features generally include weakness, sensory loss, localized pain, incontinence, and other signs of autonomic dysfunction.
MSH

A disorder characterized by inflammation involving the spinal cord. Symptoms include weakness, paresthesia, sensory loss, marked discomfort and incontinence.
NCI

An inflammatory process affecting the spinal cord. Causes include viral infections, autoimmune disorders, vascular disorders, and toxic agents. Symptoms include weakness, paresthesia, sensory loss, pain, and incontinence.
NCI

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adenin

A purine base and a fundamental unit of ADENINE NUCLEOTIDES.
MSH

6-aminopurine; one of the 5 major bases (with guanine, thymine, cytosine, and uracil) found in nucleic acids.
CSP

A chemical compound that is used to make one of the building blocks of DNA and RNA. It is also a part of many substances in the body that give energy to cells. Adenine is a type of purine.
NCI

A purine base and a fundamental unit of adenine nucleotides. (MeSH)
NCI

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Histone H3

Histone H3 is a core subunit of the eukaryotic nucleosome complex. Histones are basic nuclear proteins responsible for the nucleosome structure of chromatin. Repeating nucleosome units contain two molecules each of Histones H2A, H2B, H3, and H4 that form an octamer complex around which approximately 146 base pairs of DNA is wrapped. Linker Histone H1 interacts with DNA between nucleosome units in mediating chromatin compaction into higher order structures. (NCI)
NCI

Arginine rich histone. One of four histones assembled into a nucleosomal core octamer. Various posttranslationally modified forms and variants exist. Combines with histone H4 in a heterotetramer of composition (H3)2(H4)2; one tetramer is incorporated in the nucleosomal octamer.
NCI

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edein

Basic peptide antibiotic from Bacillus brevis. It exhibits broad-spectrum antibacterial activity and inhibits bacterial DNA synthesis.
MSH

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psychoterapie

A generic term for the treatment of mental illness or emotional disturbances primarily by verbal or nonverbal communication.
MSH

treatment of emotional, behavioral, personality, and psychiatric disorders based primarily upon verbal or nonverbal communication and interventions with the patient.
CSP

Treatment of mental, emotional, personality, and behavioral disorders using methods such as discussion, listening, and counseling.
NCI

A method of treating disease, esp. psychic disorders, by mental rather than pharmacological means (e.g., suggestion, re-education, hypnotism, and psychoanalysis). (Taber`s)
NCI

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mozková smrt

A state of prolonged irreversible cessation of all brain activity, including lower brain stem function with the complete absence of voluntary movements, responses to stimuli, brain stem reflexes, and spontaneous respirations. Reversible conditions which mimic this clinical state (e.g., sedative overdose, hypothermia, etc.) are excluded prior to making the determination of brain death. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp348-9)
MSH

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nesvalový myosin typ IIB

A nonmuscle isoform of myosin type II found predominantly in neuronal tissue.
MSH

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ATPasa Ca(2+) Mg(2+)

An enzyme that catalyzes the hydrolysis of ATP and is activated by millimolar concentrations of either Ca(2+) or Mg(2+). Unlike CA(2+)-TRANSPORTING ATPASE it does not require the second divalent cation for its activity, and is not sensitive to orthovanadate. (Prog Biophys Mol Biol 1988;52(1):1). A subgroup of EC 3.6.1.3.
MSH

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HLA-B7 antigen

A specific HLA-B surface antigen subtype. Members of this subtype contain alpha chains that are encoded by the HLA-B*07 allele family.
MSH

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propedeutika stomatologická

Preparatory education meeting the requirements for admission to dental school.
MSH

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puerperium – poruchy

Disorders or diseases associated with PUERPERIUM, the six-to-eight-week period immediately after PARTURITION in humans.
MSH

disorders occurring to the mother in the period immediately following delivery.
CSP

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Area van Broca

A region of the brain located in the frontal lobe of the dominant hemisphere; it plays an essential role in the motor control of speech.
NCI

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